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Solitude in the Himalayas. 



Contents for January, 1910 

EDITORIAL COMMENT,— 42 

WORLD-WIDE,— 1 

OUR INDIA FIELD,— 

Our Missionary Children, By Alice K. Ebey, . . '. 5 

India in Transition, ^By J. M. Blough, 7 

Individual Support of India Native Workers, By W. B. Stover, 10 

India Women as Christians, By Anna Z. Blough, 12 

Lest He Fall, By Sadie J. Miller, 14 

Persecuted for Righteousness' Sake, By E. H. Eby, ." 15 

Child jLife in the Dangs, By Florence Pittenger, . 16 

Prospects of a Nurse in India, By Ida Himmelsbaugh, 18 

First Year's Impressions in India, By Kathryn Ziegler, 19 

Among Strangers, By Effie V. Long, 21 

Winning and Retaining, By C. H. Brubaker, 22 

Christian Missions Among the Backward Races, By J. M. Pittenger, 23 

Indian Languages, By I. S. Long 25 

Opportunities for the Lady Physician, By Ella M. Brubaker, 28 

The India Farmer, By D. J. Lichty, 29 

Nuggets of Gold from India's Mines, By A. W. Ross, 31 

Our Potter, By Adam Ebey, 33 

A Question for You, By W. B. Stover, 35 

ESSAY,— 

Thoughts About the Past and the Future, By C. C. Eskildsen, 36 

THE LITTLE MISSIONARY,— # .37 

FOR OUR MINISTERS,— 39 

FROM THE FIRING LINE,— 40 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 45 

PROGRAM OF THE WORLD MISSIONARY CONFERENCE,— 4 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOABD. REGULAR MEETINGS. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris. Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

„ „ „..,_,.,. ^ T-. T . , ' . . and December. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, \ lrgmia. Address all communications to the 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN- GENERAL MISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK. Union Bridge, Md. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin * Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 
Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



/>" 



The Missionary Visitor 

January, 1910 



Volume XII 



Number 1 



WORLD WIDE 



The Baptist Church or better still the 
faculties of the Baptist colleges have 
taken a long headed step in organizing 
a union of their denominational schools 
to strengthen their lecture courses. Dr. 
Mabie, for eighteen years home secretary 
of their Board, a man of large observa- 
tion and ripe scholarship has accepted the 
post of lecturer on missions in these 
courses and has already entered upon 
his work. It is planned that he re- 
main in residence at each institution 
about four weeks, during which time the 
lectures on missions in these courses are 
to be delivered and students interested 
may have conference with one of the 
best informed missionary men of the 
United States. There is an example 
every church can well afford to pattern 
after in her own schools. 

Upwards of 141,000 young and mid- 
dle aged members of the Methodist 
church have during recent years studied 
missions in mission study classes. Each 
year the number of students increases, 
and the Board is providing better and 
more interesting books. While the outlay 
is a little heavy at the beginning it takes 
no prophet to see that the result of such a 
campaign of education is going to bring 
large returns. -^ v , 

A Presbyterian Church in . Wilming- 
ton, Del., last year contributed on the 
basis of $19.00 per capita for foreign 
missions alone. That church supports a 
whole mission station in China, and is not 
satisfied with its attainments. The small- 
est subscription -for this purpose is two 
cents per week. Everybody is blessed by 
thus giving. 



Thirty-eight different missionary so- 
cieties have appealed to the Student 
Volunteer Association for 351 mission- 
aries to be sent out this year. China 
asks for 120, India 60, Japan 56, Africa 
19, Turkey and Asia Minor 14. 



Southern Presbyterians have increased 
their receipts $88,000 over one year ago 
and have passed the dollar per member 
mark. 



The Disciples in October held their 
centennial. Their membership now in- 
cludes about two millions. At their 
convention an open air communion was 
held in which 25,000 communicants re- 
ceived the emblems. 



The British and Foreign Bible So- 
ciety of London has made another 
good record for the year closing 
March 31, 1909 as is fittingly set forth in 
their annual report, so profusely illus- 
trated. In whole or parts they issued 
over 5,934,000 copies of the Scriptures, 
an advance of 246,000 over the preceding 
year. Since its foundation the Society 
has issued 215,500,000 copies over 82,- 
000,000 of which have been in the En- 
glish language. The Society maintains 
depots in about 100 of the main cities of 
the world, and employs 900 native Chris- 
tians and 600 Christian Bible Women to 
help carry on this distribution. The ex- 
penditures last year amounted to £237,- 
041.05. The annual report appears in the 
form of a neatly bound book of 226 pages 
under the name "The Word among the 
Nations." 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



For forty-four years the China In- 
land mission has been working in 
that great country. Today nearly 1000 
missionaries are supported, and active 
mission work maintained at 210 stations. 
In that time 30,000 Chinese have been 
accepted into membership and more than 
21,000 are today living in the new faith. 

It is said that in Africa, there are at 
the present time, 2,470 missionaries, as- 
sisted by 13,089 native Christian workers, 
with 4,789 places of worship. 

Mr r 

Mohammedan women of Egypt, even 
to members of the reigning family, are 
endeavoring to win for their sex the right 
to put aside the veil and to pass at will 
the door of the harem. 

" The Mohammedans have ninety- 
nine names for God, but among them all 
they have not ' our Father.' " 

M? ~ 

Study the Bible ; no man ever yet be- 
came a skeptic who was thoroughly ac- 
quainted with its contents. Paine con- 
fessed he never read it, Voltaire said he 
had barely dipped into it. He who knows 
the Scriptures will love them most. — Se- 
lected. -<HE 

Mr. Hudson Taylor once said: "A 
candle that will not shine in one room is 
very unlikely to shine in another. If you 
you do not shine at home, if your father 
and mother, your sister and brother, if 
the very cat and dog in the house are not 
the better and happier for your being a 
Christian, it is a question whether you 
really are one." — Missionary News. 

Ml r 

Egypt is under the lash of the Sword 
and Crescent, — Mohammedanism. In 
this field for a long time the Prebyte- 
rians have been pouring both noble lives 
and much money. Tho the sowing has 
been long the harvest is coming. Today 
over 20,000 converts among whom are 
forty-three ordained Egyptians are at 
the leaven of Christianity. 



In an intercollegiate oratorical contest 
in California Tan Ah Lok, a Chinese 
student born at Singapore, won first 
place. His subject was " China's Call to 
Service." But where were the " favored 
Americans " during this time ? 

The Chentu Chamber of Com- 
merce, on its own initiative apparently, 
issued an order for all traders to report 
the number of opium smokers in their 
employ. When the report was complete 
they took steps to verify the figures, and 
issued notices, which are now posted in 
about 70 or 80 per cent of the shops in 
Chentu, that no one in their employ 
smokes opium. The notice reads as fol- 
lows : " The Chamber of Commerce has 
examined our shop and declares that we 
employ no opium smokers," This is fine ! 
We have now the following classes as a 
body against smoking — the officials, the 
merchants, the army, and the schools. — 
Missionary Witness. 

\ \\\\ \ 

7ffl 7^ 

Two Christian Chinese opened a bank 
at Chefoo last summer, and marked the 
occasion by a religious service. Mr. El- 
terich says that every opening of a heath- 
en business firm is attended with super- 
stitious practices. He understands that 
one-twelfth of the profits of this Chris- 
tian bank are to go to the Lord's work, 
one-twelfth to the employees, and the 
balance to the firm. What would be the 
result if our church members at home 
would conduct their business enterprises 
on this basis? — Woman's Work. 

The Moravian church, like the early 
Christian church at Jerusalem, is small at 
the trunk, but wide in its branches. Of 
its 64,567 communicants, but 6,197 live in 
Germany, while 32,478 are upon the for- 
eign fields where its missionaries labor. 
It numbers 17,820 members in the United 
States, and 6,457 in Great Britain. In 
every country its adherents are from 
three to four times its membership, since 
only the most zealous of its converts are 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



fully prepared to assume the conditions 
of life which prevail in a church so thor- 
oughly evangelistic. — Missionary Tidings. 

There seems to be a feeling existing 
among the missionaries of China that the 
time is near at hand for a more vigorous 
occupation of Tibet. This land, so long 
isolated from the world, and without the 
Gospel, is being opened up to the world 
at a very rapid rate. 

While Prince Ito of Japan, who was 
recently slain, was not a Christian yet the 
following incident shows that he was in 
sympathy with the church : 

Mr. Murata was sent to preach in 
Pyeng Yang. A church building was 
needed, and the little company of Chris- 
tians had pledged all they thought they 
could— between $500 and $1,000— when 
one day Mr. Murata received a telegram 
from Prince Ito, summoning him to the 
capital. 

Mr. Murata went at once, and was cor- 
dially received by the Governor, or Resi- 
dent General, Prince Ito, who asked 
many keen questions about his work, all 
of which he answered, no doubt, with en- 
thusiasm. 

Finally Prince Ito said : " The work 
is good, and I wish to contribute toward 
it," and then wrote out and handed him 
a check for 5,000 yen ($2,500).— Mis- 
sionary Witness. ,</ ^ 

" I passed thru tribe after tribe that, as 
far as I could learn, had never seen a 
missionary. Everything tended to indi-, 
cate that they were undoubtedly what are 
called raw heathen; yet the people of 
many towns begged me for teachers and 
preachers. I cannot begin to tell you how 
my heart went out to them. I assure you 
it is an exceedingly pathetic thing to 
stand in the midst of a great throng of 
ignorant, degraded human beings who 
beg for the bread of life as a child begs 
his parent for food, when you know you 
are unable to satisfy their hunger." — 
Bishop Isaiah B. Scott, in " Regions 
Beyond." 



That there yet remains something to be 
done before the world is evangelized may 
be seen from the following by J. Camp- 
bell White, a man who has given the sub- 
ject much thoro study : 

" At present there is a total of about 
13,350 missionaries (from all countries) 
on the field, not counting missionary 
wives. If each one of these missionaries 
succeeds during his lifetime in evangeliz- 
ing an average of 25,000 persons, the to- 
tal number reached would be 325,000,000 
and there would still remain 676,000,000 
of people in the non-Christian world un- 
provided fOr." ^ y 

In writing of the success of an unedu- 
cated clergyman among the sand hills of 
Nebraska, the Episcopal Bishop of Kear- 
ney has this to say in regard to reaching 
the unsaved masses of the world : 

" A thousand such men as this lay 
reader could be put to work in such neg- 
lected places of the West, and yet the 
church requires that men, before they are 
permitted to minister to these scattered 
sheep, must be college and seminary grad- 
uates, versed in at least three dead lan- 
guages and the philosophies of all the 
ages ! . . . . While we are priding 
ourselves on our apostolic and educated 
ministry we are withholding the Gospel 
from millions of simple people who are 
hungry for the Word." 

There should always be room for the 

man who desires service. 

j ///// 

Mrs. Warren of Arabia writing in the 
Church Missionary Gleaner for Novem- 
ber says : 

" One little instance may be given to 
show that our children are learning to 
think of others. Early in the year the 
teachers and children commenced a week- 
ly missionary meeting, and once a month 
they put what they can into their mis- 
sionary box. The children are so eager 
to earn something so as to be able to add 
to the contents of their box. The head 
teacher recently told me that the girls 
were informed by her that she wished 
to give them a treat. ' What would you 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



like?' 'Tea and double roti' (i. e. En- 
glish bread), was the reply. The chil- 
dren requested the teacher to purchase 
her sugar from them and not from the 
bazaar. ' Buy the sugar from you,' she 
said, ' what do you mean ? ' They then 
opened a paper parcel containing 4 lbs. 
of sugar! Where had it come from? 
The children receive in the early morn- 
ing a chapatti (cake made of unleavened 
flour) and a teaspoonful of sugar. For 
weeks they had saved this sugar so as to 
be able to sell it, and thus be in a posi- 
tion to put a few coppers into the mis- 
sionary box !" ^ ^ 

The Baptist Missionary Society of 
England is searching in Brazil to open 
a mission among her 54,000,000 popula- 
tion. The society is happy to announce 
that it is out of debt. 

The London Missionary Society is 
compelled to retrench on account of 
lack of funds. The strain upon the or- 
ganization is similar to the one experi- 
enced thirty years ago. It would appear 
that about once in each generation the 
missionary organizations must be brought 
low in want. ,</ ^ 

Russia is a promising field in spite 
of the ill reports from that land. The 
Mennonites have 273 congregations most 
of which are flourishing. 

A large hearted Norwegian made a 
contribution of- three million kroner 
(about $800,000.00) to home and for- 
eign mission work and the secular press 
has shown her lack of sympathy for 
Christianity by complaining that all that 
money should be sent out of their coun- 
try. ^ g 

If there is anything in Turkish do- 
main that has a bright side to it, 
perhaps it is no more clearly seen than 
in the recent ukase from the new govern- 
ment directing all priests to recognize the 
right of conscience in every one of other 
faiths than Mohammedan. 



Persia is responding to rapid changes 
under her new government. The new 
eleven year old king aspires to mod- 
ernize wherever he can and this gives the 
liberal element favor in the land. Within 
the last two years some forty newspapers 
have sprung into new life. 

)S)) r 

Protestantism is making progress in 
the Turkish empire. Today there are 
in round numbers 60,000 church mem- 
bers, 20,000 pupils in 330 schools, and 
over 3,000 in the Sunday schools. 



The day of miracles has not gone 
by only so few recognize them. In 
Western India a Christian woman was 
talking to a group of women about the 
heavenly way, when a Brahman inter- 
rupted her. He purposed to confuse her 
and said, " In the ancient days you speak 
of there were miracles ; show me one of 
these and I will believe." Quickly she 
answered, "See me! I am a woman of 
low caste speaking to you, a Brahman, 
these wonderful words of life! What 
greater miracle can there be? What 
more wonderful work can you ask to 
see than this?" ^ ^ 

The Tamil Christians lately sent 
out twelve missionaries to the heathen 
about them. As a result 94 were 
baptized and over 250 are under instruc- 
tion for baptism. <, ^ 

In a late revival in China a Chinese 
minister so directed the work that one 
hundred students offered themselves for 
the ministry. j^ y 

THE PROGRAM OF THE WORLD MIS- 
SIONARY CONFERENCE. 

The program of the meetings of the 
World Missionary Conference is nearly 
completed. The Conference proper is to 
be held in Assembly Hall, Edinburgh, 
Scotland, beginning June 14, 1910, and 
the 1100 delegates are to be seated on the 
floor, while missionaries, wives of dele- 
gates and other visitors are to occupy the 

(Continued on Page 43.) 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



OUR INDIA FIELD 

OUR MISSIONARY CHILDREN 

Alice K. Ebey 




HILDREN add much 
to the joy and inspira- 
tion of a mission 
home. At present 
there are eleven of 
our own num b e r . 
These are loved and 
cherished not only by 
the parents and all our 
missionaries but by 
native Christians and 
many heathen friends. 

Three belong to the Stover household 
at Anklesvar. They have a pleasant 
home and spend many pleasant play 
hours in the shady compound. John 
Emmert, known as Emmert, is the oldest 
child in our mission. He is now a boy 
of twelve and is fast putting away child- 
ish things, entering into the fullness of 
manhood. He has been educated at home 
under his mother's direction. He lacks 
the advantage of an organized school and 
the companionship of school fellows, yet 
he has acquired quite a fund of general 
knowledge and is apt to learn. He likes 
to read and has read many good books. 
He is handy at pencil-drawing and water- 
coloring and thinks he would like to be 
an artist. Some original verses reveal a 
poetic side to his nature. History, Geo- 
graphy and Physiology are his favorite 
studies. Several years ago he said 
"Auntie, I think I'll be a sea-captain so 
I won't need to work problems." But 
now he understands the importance of 
mathematics and is making progress 
along that line. 

He likes sewing and helps with the 
family sewing. He also knits and might 
put many girls to shame by his work. 
The native people come to him to have 
thorns extracted and boils opened. He 
may be our mission doctor by and by. 
He was baptized over a year ago and 



in due time we trust he may be used of 
the Lord among India's needy ones. He 
delights in Bible study and has several 
certificates for passing the All-India 
Sunday-school examination. He has his 
temptations and struggles, yet on this 
lad, born and bred in India rest great 
hopes for the future. 

Miriam Elizabeth is a lively fun-lov- 
ing girl of seven. She likes to climb and 
romp and her blue eyes often twinkle 
with mischief. She does not care much 
for dolls but is a real mother to younger 
children. She has her daily lessons un- 
der her mother. 

James Mitchell is a grave little man of 
five, fond of dolls and blocks and quiet 
play. Lately he ventures to take a timid 
part in the family romps. He likes to 
sit in the native school and has learned 
the Gujarati alphabet of fifty-two letters. 
All the missionary children speak the 
vernacular as readily as English. Em- 
mert and Miriam read and write Gu- 
jarati. 

The home of Bro. E. H. Eby at Jhaga- 
dia is blest with two happy, lively boys. 
Horner McPherson, known as H. M., 
is a most interesting lad of four and a 
half. He is altogether a boy, always 
ready to romp. He likes to visit and can 
ask more questions than a wise man can 
answer and then some more. His mother 
gives him special kindergarten training, 
so his little hands are usually busy. He 
is very fond of his baby brother but 
can't understand why he don't like to 
wrestle. 

J. Wilbert is a fine fat baby with soft 
blue eyes. He has scarcely known sick- 
ness and is usually quite happy to roll 
and kick on the floor while his mother is 
busy with other duties. 

Lloyd Roland Emmert is nearly three, 
a stout, stocky lad who calls himself 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 




Beginning' at left at top: Mary Angeline Pittinger, 
Ziloyd Roland Emmert and a native. Second Row, 
left: John Bernard Berkebile, Esther Virginia Long, 
H. M. Ehy. Lower corner: Lulu Nina Ross. 

" Lloyd Baba." He lived at Bulsar where 
there are many native Christians and 
orphans so talked more Gujarati than 
English. Now he is in America and will 
doubtless perfect his English and forget 
Gujarati. He is a very obedient child and 
sits very quietly by his mother during 
services. He enjoys horses and tools. 
We miss him from our circle but hope 
he may return from furlough grown in 
body and mind. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



John Bernard Berkebile, the light and 
joy of the far-away home at Vada, is a 
chubby, happy boy of a year and a half. 
He likes live things and is very fond of 
his dog, Trip. He is learning to talk but 
has had three or four languages to deal 
with. During his father's long illness in 
the hospital he has been his mother's 
comfort. 

Lulu Nina Ross, " Baby Nina," is the 
fattest, bestest baby you ever saw. Her 
home is at Vyara and she keeps her ma- 
ma good company while her papa looks 
after the Lord's work in far away vil- 
lages. 

Esther Virginia Long, our little 
" Queen Esther," has had more than her 
share of suffering during her short life 
but during the past few months she has 
grown well and strong, delighting her 
parents with her happy cooing and baby 
tricks. 

Mary Angeline Pittinger, child of the 



Dang Forests, lives seventy miles from 
white neighbors. She is very dear to her 
parents and a great wonder to the jungle 
people. Baby Angeline is a hearty, happy 
girl nearly a year old and has her part in 
the work among the jungle tribes. 

Eunice Joy Brubaker, the tiniest of all, 
brightens the home at Dahanu. She is 
about five months old and daily increases 
in stature and wisdom, growing in favor 
with all. 

These little ones have been consecrated 
to the Lord and the work of the church. 
They must be taught and trained to shine 
amid the darkness of a heathen land. 
Other dear children of our number are 
now in c America and some have been 
called to the heavenly home, but for these 
that remain let us pray that they may be 
kept from surrounding evils and may 
eventually be greatly used in the service 
of Christ. October 12, ipop. 

Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 



INDIA IN TRANSITION 

J. M. Blough 



mm 



NDIA, the great coun- 
try of India, is being 
changed. India's peo- 
ple, 280, 000, 000 
strong, among the 
most conservative and 
custom-bound people 
of the sluggish East, 
are being changed. 
Yes, it is perceptible. 
Daily there are unmis- 
takable evidences of a revolution, a 
transformation, slowly but just as surely. 
It could not be rapid in the beginning, 
for such a tremendous company of self- 
satisfied people cannot be moved in a 
day. The great power-wheels are not 
whirled into motion in a flash, but when 
once in motion they have a wonderful 
momentum. This is pur prophecy for 
India. It moves slowly at first for it is 
a mighty power, but as it moves it is 
gaining a momentum which will surprise 
the world some day. When once the 



ancient landmarks have been removed 
and full liberty granted there will be an 
advance no less marvelous than that in 
Japan. 

India is in a transition period such as 
America never saw. Western education, 
civilization and Christianity have already 
wonderfully changed this Empire. It is 
a most crucial period too. In her back- 
ward state all the new inventions and 
projects are being thrust upon her faster 
than she is able to adapt herself to them. 
Railways, telegraph, telephone, ma- 
chines, etc., are all imported and so do not 
represent the development of the coun- 
try, only an acquisition. The people are 
not prepared for the new surroundings 
which are forced upon them. The result 
is that there is continually a combination 
of the old and the new which is most 
ridiculous and incongruous. O for 
aesthetics and harmony ! This makes the 
present a very critical period for India 
as a transforming period always is. 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



But to the concrete. We live on a 
large highway where hundreds of peo- 
ple of all classes pass every day. In the 
mode of travel we have this transition 
so manifest. Here comes the automobile 
of our neighboring King at a terrific 
speed, and everybody clears out of the 
way. Then comes a rubber-tired car- 
riage of some rich Parsee, and bicycles in 
number — all these an innovation trying 
" to hustle the East," and pushing to the 
side of the road the common old 
fashioned bullock-cart (unaltered for 
y-e-a-r-s and unalterable (?), but still 
in the majority), and the 1001 foot 
travelers who never will own a cart, 
scarcely shoes for their feet, nothing per- 
haps showing signs of transition except 
an umbrella. Umbrellas? Well, I should 
say. India uses more unbrellas than any 
other country in the world, so I am 
told. They are always in season you 
know. It is remarkable how the India 
people have taken to umbrellas. In this 
the transition is almost complete. This 
monsoon I saw but a few of the hand- 
made, leaf-twig woven, scoop-shaped 
umbrellas of the poor. Even the poor 
buy the " up to date " umbrellas, and 
they use them with a zeal that is amus- 
ing. Just two days ago while we were 
in prayers at 7 : 30 A. M. a young Hindu 
came hustling up the road in the cool of 
these fine crisp mornings and he had his 
umbrella up, and it wasn't raining either. 
So in the matter of clothing. Many 
have taken to wearing European clothing 
but they retain the native head dress. 
Western methods, appliances and ma- 
terials are winning favor and the Swad- 
eshi advocates cannot prevent it. This 
change is most noticeable in towns and 
cities. 

When we turn to the social side of 
India we also find this change. Some 
one says that Christianity has not yet 
made an impression on the great social 
system of India, but I cannot accept this 
at all. Something indeed has done so, 
for the great, intricate and deeply-rooted 
caste svstem is surelv being shaken. 



This many Hindus themselves confess. 
In schools, railway cars, and large cities 
it is very difficult to keep caste in any 
consistent manner, and many do not, only 
when they must, i. e. when a caste ac- 
quaintance is near. True, thousands of 
homes are still as strict on caste as ever, 
but many who are bound by its fetters 
declaim it and follow it only because 
their families do. Low castes are being 
admitted to the schools, even encouraged. 
A strong native government has practi- 
cally dashed caste to pieces by giving all 
castes equal rights in school and govern- 
ment service. Christians are being re- 
spected. Three boys were going down 
street in Madras leaning together and 
looking over the same book. The middle 
one was a native Christian and the 
others high caste Hindus. One of our 
neighbors who belongs to a superstitious 
caste works for and with Christians, but 
upon returning home in the evening his 
family sprinkles water over him and 
caste is satisfied. A man of experience 
in Bulsar bears testimony that there is 
but half the strictness in caste as there 
was fourteen years ago, especially in its 
attitude to Christians. Caste is losing its 
grip. A few days ago a high caste wom- 
an and a sweeper stood side by side in 
the doorway of my room as we conversed 
together. Of course they did not touch 
each other, but a stranger would not have 
suspected their different social standing 
as I dealt with each in the other's pres- 
ence. 

Religiously India is in turmoil. Really 
it is sad to look upon the religious con- 
dition of India today, for the people are 
like a ship that has lost its bearings. You 
know what the condition is in the front- 
yard when the old house is being pulled 
down and the new one built. Such is 
the religious condition of India today. 
But it is a hopeful one. Christianity has 
driven Hinduism to a defensive attitude, 
and even an aggressive one. Now Hin- 
dus may deny this statement but I feel 
it is true. Idolatry is certainly losing its 
hold upon the people. Of course it is 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



very firmly rooted in the hearts of the 
superstitious and uneducated, especially 
the women, for they hold traditions well, 
but it is surely going. Many who are not 
Christians have given it up and are 
preaching against it, declaring from 
their Scriptures that it is not upheld by 
them. And it isn't, neither is caste. 
Idolatry is bound to go. It cannot satisfy 
the educated ; it cannot hold them. 

Hinduism is being studied as it never 
was before. The intention is to revive 
it. Christianity has forced Hinduism to 
show the best she has. The effort today 
is to Christianize Hindusim to such an 
extent that the people will be satisfied 
with it and not turn to Christianity. If 
this is not a hopeful sign I cannot judge. 
The leaders know they are losing- ground, 
so they are hunting up the best their 
Scriptures can afford in the (vain) hope 
of satisfying the inquiring mind. Sever- 
al sects, though in large measure opposed 
to one another, are together opposed to 
Christianity, yet their preachers preach 
much that is borrowed from Christian- 
ity, and then they have the audacity to 
say that their Scriptures teach it. It is 
the present scheme to read into the Hin- 
du Scriptures what it pleaseth the speak- 
er to get out of them, and the people are 
deceived. " Back to the old religion " is 
the cry — no idolatry, no caste, but no 
Christianity. All such preaching helps 
the cause along. People are thinking for 
themselves. They are bound to investi- 
gate. Every few weeks a new preacher 
comes to town. Yes, the Hindu world is 
stirred. Christianity is the stone that 
has fallen into it. It cannot hold its own 
with present-day education. It is being 
revised but the revisers do not agree. 
Hindus often vary as much in their 
thoughts from one another as they do 
from Christians. A short time ago I had 
a conversation with four Hindus in our 
Post Office and each one had his own re- 
ligious ideas and all were different from 
mine. How can such a conglomeration 
hold together? 

Perhaps the most startling advance 



Hindus have made is in imitating Chris- 
tianity in helping the low and depressed 
classes. Hindus see that as Christianity 
educates and converts the depressed 
classes Hinduism loses. This they hate, 
so they follow in the steps of Mission- 
aries and establish schools, orphanages 
and hospitals. It is a praiseworthy move- 
ment — Hinduism aggressive, trying to 
redeem itself, aiming to hold its multi- 
tudes. Yes, high caste Hindus seem 
really in earnest. They hold meetings 
and invite the low castes and outcastes for 
conference, saying in intent, Now we will 
do for you all that Missionaries will, so 
you must not go to them. We are all 
Hindus and so must stand together. This 
is the excited stage of religious India to- 
day. Christianity with its small constit- 
uency is the most influential factor in this 
turmoil, and a growing factor too. 

Fifty years from now India will be 
a different India, but it remains for the 
Christian Church to say today just what 
it will be. It is largely in our hands. 
What will we do? As the Indian youth 
turns disappointedly away from the reli- 
gion and superstitious customs of his 
fathers, what shall he accept instead? 
Mrs. Besant's Theosophy? Slander to a 
Western nation. I acknowledge that it is 
hard for India's intelligent men to accept 
the truth now, but may the Christian 
Missionaries so live as to gain their con- 
fidence, and may the Native Church be 
worthy of their membership and support. 
The truth will win, is winning. People 
are becoming educated but they must 
have a sound religion to balance, else the 
character is weak. Christianity alone 
will do. Revived Hinduism can never be 
more than half a truth. Its philosophy 
can never save. Do you care for those 
in the turmoil who know not how to 
turn? Put forth your hands with your 
might and help. God is on our side. We 
want willing hands and more of them. 

May India come out of this transition 
test a jewel polished for the Lord's dia- 
dem ! Amen. 

Bulsar, India. 



10 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



INDIVIDUAL SUPPORT OF INDIA 
NATIVE WORKERS 



W. B. Stover 




E certainly do recog- 
nize the desire on the 
part of the Brethren 
at home to have their 
representative on the 
field, their worker in- 
stead of themselves, 
whom they may spe- 
cially pray for and 
whom they support. 
And we mean to do 
what we can to satisfy and please all 
those who are doing mission work in this 
way, as well as interest those who would 
like to have a hand in the work if they 
knew how. The Mission Work of any 
important field is so large and so varied, 
there is room for all to do a great big 
part in the work, and their help won't 
inconvenience any one else. So in talk- 
ing the matter over, the missionaries 
have thought, for during the year 1910 
at least, better satisfaction of all con- 
cerned, that I should undertake the re- 
sponsibility of correspondence. I am 
consenting to do so, and now ask any 
one who wishes to assume the support of 
a worker on his own account, to write me 
and tell me about it. Also, if there are 
any who have been supporting one or 
more workers, and who have not been 
hearing about them as often as they feel 
they are entitled to. Brethren, believe us, 
we all want to do the best we can for the 
general good. You are at liberty to write 
me and I will see that your letter is an- 
swered. 

There are several things very pleasant 
in this manner of supporting a worker 
on the field: the brother at home who 
gives can feel he has his representative 
on the field, he knows for what particular 
thing he is giving his contribution, and 
he can pray with more freedom perhaps 
in knowing this than he could without 



the knowledge. I mean, in praying for 
the mission work in which his interest 
centers, he can pray more feelingly and 
more earnestly. These are not matters 
of small import surely. 

There are several other things which 
we feel we could keep quiet about and no 
one be the wiser, but we cannot conscien- 
tiously do so. For example, the brother 
supported by Price's Creek Reading 
Circle, Ohio, was found guilty of the 
misappropriation of funds. We dealt 
with him kindly, and firmly, but when it 
was apparent that he does not have any 
degree of spiritual perception that he 
ought to have, he was recommended for 
other work, and has gone into that. He 
may be lost to Christianity altogether, 
but we feel he will most likely remain a 
Christian, and perhaps after a few years 
come out all right. Now all we can do in 
such a case is to find another man for 
the Reading Circle to support, and re- 
port to them in due time. 

Another brother, supported by a sister 
in Nebraska, had been saying that his 
people do not know where he is, but if 
they found out, he would have to leave 
at once. One day his father appeared 
at the front door, and was invited inside 
and seated, meanwhile the son got out 
the back door and disappeared. This 
created quite a wonderment, and some 
suspicion, for several said that he must 
be guilty of something that he cannot 
face, else why should he disappear after 
that fashion? And that means we should 
place another name opposite the name of 
the sister for support, and write an ex- 
planation. This brother however writes 
to us from where he is, and stoutly main- 
tains his innocence as to any charge 
against him, saying that to go away was 
the simple avoidance of a demonstration. 
He continues to be true to his profession. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



11 



so far as we have any way of knowing. 
And we believe he is what he says. 

These irregularities here, which we 
can in no way avoid, come in and make 
it so that we have been inclined to think 
it were better to support one, and let us 
arrange who that one might be, and let 
us change as often as need be, for the 
changes must be made sometimes, even 
much oftener than we think we can 
easily put up with. Several of our mis- 
sionaries are of the opinion still, that it 
were better on general principles to sup- 
port a worker, let that worker be whom- 
soever. But we are all quite willing to 
harmonize in this matter, only we hope 
that you will not object to changes when 
we are driven to the necessity of making 
them. 

Another thing: we have to keep a 
graded system of wage, which needs to 
be changed according to location and 
efficiency. In this those who give will 
kindly understand that perhaps they are 
giving more than their supported worker 
gets! and perhaps less! Several are 
" supporting " workers whose support 
and contiguous expenses just average 
twice what the worker actually receives. 
On the other hand, several are giving a 
little less than twice as much as the 
worker requires and receives. In such 
a case it is plainly seen how a man could 
be upset entirely by getting into direct 
correspondence with his supporter, and 
then complaining to him, which is an 
easy thing for some people to do. So 
those who support the individual worker 
will please understand that their gift for 
support is an average, and nine cases out 



of ten not the exact sun that is paid to 
him. And it is probable that we will 
have to ask that the average be raised 
from $50 to $60 per year, but we promise 
you, we won't ask for it till we are driven 
by necessity to do so. We count the 
present rate of support at $50 per year, 
you know. 

Now it appears to me that the individ- 
ual support idea is a splendid thing for 
Sunday-school classes, and groups of 
young Christians here and there through- 
out the Brotherhood, for to support your 
own worker will arouse an interest in 
the hearts of many who might otherwise 
remain cool on the whole great question 
of Missions. Our present list of sup- 
ported workers finds Iowa strong to the 
front, supporting more than twice as 
many as any other State. The present list 
of workers foots up forty odd, and 
should really be doubled this year,- — if 
we can get the men. In India six are 
supported as follows : three by the Scot- 
tish Bible Society, one by the District 
Mission Board, one by the Church at 
Ankleshwer, and one by a friend and 
neighbor, Geo. T. Bridges. 

The great principle in giving to Mis- 
sions is first, an expression of thanks to- 
wards a loving Father, and second in 
harmony with one's feeling of thank- 
fulness to make an effort to establish the 
truths of God in the hearts of our fellow- 
men. To do what we can is the reason- 
able duty of all. If any have suggestions, 
I shall be glad to correspond with them. 
May the work of the Lord, in every de- 
partment during 1910 grow and grow 
and grow. Amen. Ankle shiver. 

Oct. 2Q, ipop. 



GOVERN all by Thy wisdom, O Lord, so that my soul may al- 
ways be serving Thee as Thou dost will, and not as I may choose. 
Do not punish me, I beseech Thee, by granting that which I wish or 
ask, if it offend Thy love, which would always live in me. Let me die 
to myself, that so I may serve Thee: let me live to Thee, who in 
Thyself art the true Life. Amen.— St. Theresa. (1515-1583.) 



12 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



INDIA WOMEN AS CHRISTIANS 

Anna Z. Blough 




admire the women of 
India for their humil- 
ity, and it seems to me 
that in this respect they 
come nearer to the 
ideal of the Christian 
religion than American 
women do. True, it is 
largely a humility of 
necessity because of 
their social condition, 
yet it seems to be real. We of the West 
seem so bold in comparison with them. 
Education has elevated the American 
woman and made her ambitious, and too 
often she forgets her humble position 
and tries to fill places suited only to men. 
This the India woman does not do. She 
knows her place and quietly fills it. 

As a Hindu she is indeed a slave. She 
is married early and becomes a woman 
very young. Her husband may not be a 
man who loves her or cares for her ten- 
derly, but instead he is her god and she 
must live in humble obedience and sub- 
jection to him in all things. Whether 
he is just or unjust, she must obey him. 
He may be dissipated, a drunkard, a 
gambler, reckless, without friends and 
honor, yet she must live in humble obe- 
dience to him. She is considered ignorant 
and must consult her husband in all 
affairs just as a servant, but he never 
consults her. " To consult her or seek 
her advice would lead to the eating of re- 
fuse." 

Yes, the Hindu women live a life of 
ignorance and servitude. " We are pris- 
oners," says a Hindu lady, " from our 
birth, and our fathers, brothers, husbands 
and sons keep us in prison." This is in- 
deed true' of the zenana women. They 
are shut in from the world and know 
nothing about it except what little they 
learn from their husbands as they may 
talk to them occasionally. Speaking of 
the life in the zenana one says : " It is 



like a frog in a well. Everywhere there 
is beauty but we cannot see it. Hearing 
of our condition the eyes of strangers fill 
with tears, but they leave us there. Have 
you no pity in your hearts ? " The ma- 
jority of the women of India, however, 
are not in the zenana, yet they too are 
ignorant and depressed. 

Coming from such conditions do you 




A Bengali Lady. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



1;; 



wonder that the women of India are 
meek and humble? It is a hard way of 
developing humility but it has done it. 
And do you suppose as the women be- 
come Christians they can fully appreciate 
their liberty and adapt themselves to it? 
I am sorry to say that there are some 
who are a little too independent for their 
husbands and the condition of the com- 
munity, but they are few. Christian 
women retain this modesty and humility 
very well and I like it. She would think 
it very unbecoming to walk down the 
street with her head uncovered, neither 
would she think of entering a church 
without a covering on her head. She will 
not go into the presence of her superiors, 
either men or women, without her head 
covered. One cannot help but appreciate 
this custom, and living among such wom- 
en we naturally come to feel that we 
American women ought to be more hum- 
ble and respectful in these matters. 

Just as women are most zealous in re- 
ligious matters in all countries so they 
are in India. They cling most diligently 
to the old customs and superstitions and 
caste practices. When they become Chris- 
tians they have much to leave behind, 
much to give up, and it takes time for 
them to give up all their old ways. Those 
who in their childhood were brought up 
in heathen homes can scarcely get away 
from the heathen customs, but want to 
hold to some of them as Christians also. 
Those who are born Christians have a 
much easier road. Those brought up in 
Christian orphanages can more easily be 
trained too. 

While the India women have much to 
give up, they have also much to receive 
in becoming Christians. The Christian 
woman in India, though by no means ad- 
vanced like the women of the West, is 
enjoying the liberty of Christianity. The 
suffering and shackles of heathenism are 



removed. She enjoys a nice quiet home 
with her husband and children. Her hus- 
band loves her and eats with her and 
walks with her. While she herself is not 
educated perhaps, yet she knows the val- 
ue of it and sends her daughters to 
school. Her mind gradually becomes 
filled with good thoughts and she tries to 
improve. 

India women make good Christians, 
why shouldn't they ? Of course we must 
not set too high a standard for the first 
generation. They are not perfect, neither 
are we. But they are growing in grace. 
They try to be good as well as they know. 
I take pleasure in working with them and 
have no reason to be discouraged. Of 
course we are tried sometimes, but when 
we remember, we quickly forgive. They 
are willing to be taught and generally 
anxious to learn. Even in six years we 
can see some improvement and if fully 
rewards us for our efforts among them. 
They have far to come, but they are do- 
ing well. 

Two things we must do : Make the 
women of India Christians, then make 
them good Christians fit for the Master's 
use. Not that we can do it, the Lord 
must do that. But that we may be used 
in helping. God has set before us wide 
and open doors in this service, and great 
is our responsibility if we enter not in. 
Does not the work among the women of 
India appeal most strongly and tenderly 
to. your love and zeal and compassion? O 
help us in this great and influential ser- 
vice ! Christianity has already brought 
bliss to many a woman of this dark land. 
Dear Sisters, is it not a privilege to bring 
joy to these sad hearts? And is it not 
a joy to have some share in bringing the 
blessings of the Gospel to such needy 
ones? May we do all we can to make 
the women of India free and happy in 
the Lord. Bulsar, India. 



PRACTICAL holiness, though not the basis of our salvation, is in- 
timately connected with our enjoyment thereof. If we are saved 
by grace we are saved to holiness. — Selected. 



14 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



LEST HE FALL 

Sadie J. Miller 




OME in the house and 
be one of us, we'll do 
you no- harm, holy 
man! What if you 
have taken oath be- 
fore the priest, he is 
not here and who will 
see you? What hurt 
if you drink with us? 
Moreover we are not 
asking you to drink 
but come and sit with us ! 

These words came from the intox- 
icated Patel who had already induced 
two men to drink with him and the third 
one's fate was almost sealed too, tho 
for a time he was stern in refusing; prid- 
ing himself in his caste mark which bore 
distinct evidence that he was under oath. 
He must not drink nor eat meats nor par- 
take in any of their derivatives. No Bheel 
wears the caste mark unless under oath. 
But alas ! for his oath, ere he was 
aware of it he had condescended to stand 
in the way of sinners and sit in the seat 
of the scornful. Once in their company 
and being a notorious religious fellow 
nis intoxicated host would talk religion. 
Said he — look here, saint! I want to 
ask you a question — from whence are 
we and where are we going? — A fair 
question, to be sure, but the drunkard 
seldom retains enough reason to com- 
plete a conversation. From this to that 
he questioned pell-mell without allowing 
his victim the first opportunity for an 
answer. 

Let a man that thinketh he standeth 
take heed lest he fall. Had the so-called 
saint or holy man avoided him at the on- 
set he had been wise. He thought he was 
strong. 

Again the drunkard called to his wife. 
Poor woman ! she was busily engaged in 
weeding her garden and had already been 
called twice; first to spread the cot for 
him; second to give him food, both of 



which he could and would well have done 
himself had be been a sober man. 

Come she must only to appease another 
absurd, petty notion of his. Who hath 
woe? Who hath sorrow? Who hath 
contentions? Who hath complaining? 
Who hath wounds without a cause? 
Who hath redness of eyes? They that 
tarry long at wine, they that go to seek 
mixed wine. 

Recently this same man in a drunken 
fit beat his wife on the head with a cruel 
weapon until the blood streaked down 
over her face. She is about today sickly 
and dull with a shaven head and open 
sore. But everyone of his friends excuse? 
him because they sa) T — he knew not what 
he was doing. The constant repetition of 
such cruelties seems altogether unfair. 
In the saloon again lies the blame. 

Could the saloonkeeper but realize the 
amount of distress he causes surely he 
would not continue his work. But Indian 
saloonkeepers always justify themselves 
in the fact that this is their way of pro- 
viding for their families, and people will 
drink. Why should not they, as well as 
any one else, have the profits which come 
with so little effort and in such large 
quantities ? 

He fails to think of the brains that are 
being deadened and the souls that are 
hastened to the grave. Most of the drink- 
ing classes in India are not giants in- 
tellectually at the very best and as a re- 
sult drink works its ruination the sooner. 
I have gone to the saloon to observe 
existing conditions. Those who crave it 
hang about the place and remind one of 
the scavengers, crows, as they gather 
about a carcass. In one hour two dol- 
lars' worth of the deadly stuff was car- 
ried away from the saloon. Think of the 
poor people spending their precious mon- 
ey in this way ! They are barely able to 
provide for their families and when so 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



15 



much goes for drink it is not difficult to 
comprehend the suffering for hunger as 
well as suffering from the stripes they re- 
ceive so often. 

When once in the clutches of the evil 
habit there seems to be little way of es- 
cape for these weak people. They know 
not howto throw it off and who can, with- 
out the help of the divine One, put away 
such long retained habits ? Young men 
of higher civilization, too, may be ranked 
with these for they too fail in these same 
things. 

Notice the crimes as they appear in 
the dailies. The majority of them may 
be traced to drink. He who is on the 
alert and feels his inability to be strong 
perhaps falls less frequent than the one 



who is conceited and thinks he cannot 
fall. Ah! let a man that thinketh he 
standeth take heed lest he fall. 

The successful fight in driving out 
liquor in America is most gratifying. 
Good people have stood together against 
the evil and are winning the day. But 
what about India where government 
stands at the head? Where are we to be- 
gin work against intemperance ? We want 
to be loyal citizens and to discard rum 
means fighting government. Unfortunate 
indeed that a nation of such high civiliza- 
tion as England, and a Christian nation, 
too, is guilty of such an evil. For this 
one evil England cannot but lose her 
power. She must answer for this curse 
in India. 



PERSECUTED FOR RIGHTEOUS- 
NESS' SAKE 

E. H. Eby 




HAT is worth nothing 
which cost nothing. 
And so our Lord pro- 
nounced the blessing 
on those who are being 
persecuted for His 
sake and the Gospel's ; 
and Paul told the new 
Christians that with- 
out persecution we 
may not enter the 
Kingdom of God; and Peter speaks of 
the value of being persecuted on account 
of one's good works ; and James exhorts 
Christians in every land to count it joy 
when they fall into divers temptations ; 
and John records the Lord's words of 
promise to those who overcome. 

No one passes unquestioned from the 
borders of one country into another, and 
often emigration is very difficult and 
dangerous. Satan guards well the bor- 
ders of his kingdom and makes it as 
uncomfortable as possible for every one 
who wishes definitely and forever to 
step out from under his tyrannic rule. 
The benefits to be secured as a result 



of leaving the Satanic kingdom must 
be well known and understood if one is 
to have the courage to face all the ob- 
stacles that will be put in the way of 
his escape. In this lies the value of per- 
secution : it tests one's faith, one's ap- 
preciation of the value of salvation. It 
determines how much one is ready to 
give up and to endure in order to possess 
Jesus in the heart. 

At this point Jesus' words are clear 
and uncompromising : " He that loveth 
father and mother, brother or sister, 
lands or houses, goods or business more 
than Me is not worthy of Me." And 
Paul says, " I count all but loss that I 
may gain Christ and be found in Him." 

A few months ago a young Brahman 
of high family, a barrister-at-law, his 
father a Judge at Court — a young man 
of great promise in his chosen profes- 
sion, became convinced thru reading the 
Bible that there is salvation in none 
other save in Jesus. He was true to his 
convictions and took Jesus into his life. 
What did it cost him? A fifty thousand 
rupee inheritance, his place in his family 



16 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



(he was cast out and counted as good 
as dead) and it cost him his profession, 
for of course his business stopped. He 
went into a village and began teaching 
a mission village school at a small wage 
— stripped of all that was ever dear to 
him in this life. All for' Jesus! What 
is it costing you my brother, sister, to be 
a Christian? 

Here are some lines composed by a 
native Christian in time of severe per- 
secution. Do they ring true to the Mas- 
ter? 

Mean treatments to me are nicest gifts, 
Abuses are jewels set with diamonds, 
Disdains and contempts are jewels of 

beauty, 
Angry glances are pearl necklaces around 

my neck; 



Censorious words I consider as perfume, 

Yea, as a precious silken coat. 

If they hit me on my naked head, 

I will call it " Anointing with oil " ; 

Scoldings are a mine of precious stones 

To a Christian who has peace at heart; 

When tribulations fall to his lot, 

He thus regards them as splendid fortunes, 

By the Word of Christ resting within. 

Let mockers sing a mocking song, 

The joy of my soul will never cease; 

Let blamers blame me, 

The peace of my soul shall never depart; 

Let the stony-hearted persecute me, 

My spiritual joy will never forsake me; 

Let them treat me ever so meanly, 

Mine experience of heavenly joy will never 

scatter; 
vVho, I ask, hath power to banish 
The indwelling hope and faith 
Of one who hath divine grace, 
Yea, the grace that flows from a celestial 

source! " 

— Purushottam Chowdhari. 



CHILD LIFE IN THE DANGS 

Florence Pittenger 



the 



-NOTHER one has 
said: "Child-nature is 
human nature at its 
source." Human na- 
ture is human nature 
the wide world over. 
Shall we say then that 
child-nature is child- 
nature the wide world 
over?' However, con- 
ditions surrounding 
child are so different in different 




climes that we find a vast difference be- 
tween the childhood of the American boy 
and that of the lad of " India's coral 
strand." 

We shall speak of the child life as we 
see it here in this vast jungle. I dare 
say that half the children born never 
live to outgrow childhood's days. The 
greater number die during the first year 
and many during the first month. 

Often the mother is so poorly nour- 
ished that she can not supply food for 
her infant, and the little life goes out. If 
there is no old cloth about the hut the 
little one is left entirely nude — it shivers, 
takes cold and fever and dies, for we 



have a few months of cold weather here. 
These children have no clothing/ they 
have no toys, they eat their black bread 
and sleep on the ground floor of their 




Child Life in the Bang's. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



17 




Unialla, India, — Station of D. J. Licnty and Wife and Sadie Miller. 



hut with only a filthy rag wound about 
them. In the same hut are the cattle, 
dog and chickens if the family possess 
these. Whenever the parents work the 
little ones must help. The older ones 
must keep watch over the baby from 
morning until night. Some of our school 
boys bring their baby brother or sister 
along to school. Their crying does not 
add much to the noise of the schoolroom 
for there every one talks and studies at 
the top of his voice. 

The children who are strong or tough 
enough to endure the treatment they re- 
ceive are happy in their way. They have 
time for play and my ears are often 
greeted with the shouts and laughter of 
our village children as they roll and wal- 
low in the sand and dust. Especially is 
this true of the boys who come to our 
schools. What a difference we can see 
between those who come to school and 
those who never come! There is a 
brighter day coming for the children of 
these forests. Yes the morn of this day 
is already breaking. 

When the child is a week old there is 
a feast, drinking of liquor and a time of 
general rejoicing. This they call wor- 
ship or " doing God " if we use their ex- 



pression. Time and again we have been 
begged for money to buy the necessities 
for these occasions. 

We can say that these simple, ignorant 
people love their children. There is al- 
ways more joy over a boy than over a 
girl, but even the little girls are loved, 
and the mother mourns bitterly if death 
claims her child. Whenever a child be- 
comes sick the people say : " Doosh-na 
kadle, ki ker ru?" Meaning: An old wo- 
man has eaten it and what can we do?" 
Their belief is very firm that the cause 
of illness is an evil spirit in some old 
woman and we can not get them to feel 
that the cause is neglect and inhuman 
treatment on their part. 

The children of our village love to 
play in and about our house. Especially 
is this true since our own little Mary 
Angeline has come to brighten our home. 
They think her a great wonder and she 
simply delights in all of their pranks and 
never objects if they put their dirty 
fingers into her mouth to see if she can 
bite. They like to bring to her offerings. 
She was the recipient of many cucumbers 
during the cucumber season. These peo- 
ple never have any vegetables to eat only 
during- the short season after the mon- 



1! 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



soon season and then the cucumber is the 
chief thing. They let it grow to almost 
ripening, then it is cut up and eaten. 
What a picture to see the children with 
huge pieces in their hands, the juice 
making paths over their dirty faces, and 
even all down over the dusty bodies ! 
They have no salt on their cucumber and 
yet they enjoy it as much as the negro 
lad does a delicious piece of watermelon. 



We have great hopes for the little boys 
who now sit in our schools. Will you 
not join us in earnest intercession that 
these same boys who are now learning 
to sing Christian songs and to read God's 
Holy Word will one day be teachers 
among their own people and thus hasten 
the day when Jesus shall be crowned 
King indeed of this jungle country. 



PROSPECTS OF A NURSE IN INDIA 

Ida Himmelsbaugh 







JJHmJX 











FEEL so new yet and 
know so little of the 
real work, that I fear 
I shall not be able to 
do justice to this sub- 
ject. But as a nurse 
in the hospital my 
first duty was to obey 
orders without ques- 
tioning, so here also 
I shall do the same. 
Since this subject was given to me 
I shall endeavor to tell you what my first 
impressions are. 

A new missionary knows, very little of 
what is being done on the field. In the 
little while we have been here, we have 
had little opportunity to see any diseases 
except itch and it seems to be as much 
a part of this country as the brown 
skinned people. 

While at Jalalpur Sister Ziegler and 
I were alone about two months. One 
evening two men came to the house and 
asked for medicine. I did not know what 
they said but one showed me his back 
and it was almost covered with ring- 
worm, so I gave him the proper medicine, 
then the other one stretched out his 
hands to me, and they were all covered 
with leprosy. All I could say was that 
I did not have the proper kind of med- 
icine. How I wished I might be able to 
point him to the Great Physician. Lep- 
rosy certainly is a loathsome disease. 
My next patient was a baby which 



was suffering from rupture. It was hard 
to convince the parents that the treat- 
ment was not painful, but after a few 
days' treatment they saw such a change 
in baby that they were glad to have the 
treatment continue. Baby is now well, 
fat and happy. 

Next came Burie with rheumatism, 
she seemed to suffer so much, yet I was 
fearful lest I might not be able to give 
her any relief. I hesitated for some 
time ; but one evening Sister Blough and 
I went to her home and found her lying 
on the floor and one of her nieces was 
sitting on her legs to ease the pain, — this 
touched me very much, and I decided to 
try to give her relief. So next day I 
sent for medicine, and in a very short 
time began giving it. It was very bitter 
and she said she positively could not take 
it unless I watched her, so each day I 
took it to her. In this way we were both 
benefited. She' got the medicine which 
did her much good, for she has only had 
three days of pain since. I began to 
give it to her, which was before mon- 
soon, and I got a good walk. Some- 
times it rained very hard, but the road 
was a good one so it did not matter. 
Burie is so grateful for the help. 

Soon others wanted medicine too, 
but my first year's study was not nearly 
complete so I had to tell them to wait, 
for if I once begin regular work there 
will be no end to the coming and I will 
not be able to get the language. There 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



19 



will be far more work than could possibly 
be done by any one nurse. Brothers and 
sisters pray for this work for it is a needy 
work. And I hope by ministering to these 
poor sick bodies, I may be able to help 
unlock the doors to their hearts, which 
seem to be closed so tightly for fear the 
Prince of Peace might come in. Brothers 
and sisters it is pnly by earnest prayer 
that all this opposition can be broken 



down. They do not want this Prince of 
Peace. Yet the blessed Christ gave His 
life for them just the same as He died 
for you and me. 

My work is humble. Yet I believe it 
pleaseth the Master to serve Him in this 
way. May we not look forward to the 
time when we may have the means to 
carry on this work for the Master in 
the proper way? 



FIRST YEAR'S IMPRES- 
SIONS IN INDIA 

Kathryn Ziegler 




HEN coming to a new 
country where there 
is such a vast differ- 
ence in every respect 
one receives impres- 
sions without number. 
Many times we are 
made sad as we are 
^"V*^^^ 5 ^ brought face to face 
_ ™ * with the gross igno- 

rance and the supersti- 
tion which prevails, but we are also 
impressed to see what the Christian 
religion has already done for some of 
India's people. 

We can only give a few impressions 
compared to the many, concerning your 
missionaries who have been on the field 
some years, our native Christians and 
the heathen people in general. 

The majority of our workers are com- 
fortably situated, which is very necessary 
for them to ret?m good health, and to 
be able to do the most good in the Mas- 
ter's work; but the writer was impressed 
to see and hear how our missionaries 
travel by rail or otherwise, and the in- 
convenience, discomfort and sometimes 
danger connected with it. As a rule 
when traveling on the railroad they 
travel third class, the cheapest way, but 
accommodations are according, and not 
very agreeable sometimes ; but the writer 
thinks that they could not look any 



happier if they were traveling first class. 

Those that go out to do village work 
go a great distance on horseback or on 
a vehicle with two bullocks fastened to it 
in such a way that if they have no mind 
to go they can turn any way they please ; 
here much patience is needed for the one 
going on a long journey; but it is an in- 
spiration to see their countenances beam- 
ing with happiness, and to hear of their 
hope for those for whom they give their 
lives. They go forth with hearts full of 
burning zeal to take the glad tidings of 
salvation to those who are dying without 
the blessed hope of eternal life. So they 
take the Gospel from place to place know- 
ing that He in whom they trust is ever 
ready and willing to sustain in all their 
service for Him. 

As we come in contact with our native 
Christians, we are impressed by the great 
contrast between their lives and the lives 
of the heathen. It gives us joy beyond 
measure as we are permitted to listen to 
our native Christians, who so earnestly 
and convincingly proclaim the message 
of love. How we need to pray and up- 
hold them as they can speak with greater 
effect than we can, coming from heathen- 
dom themselves ! What most of them 
have to endure for the religion they love, 
is not easily described and we do not 
wonder that some fall by the way. 

The writer has been impressed by 



20 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 




Washing Clothes on Pavement in Bombay. 



their simple manner of living: even with 
their meagre earning with no comforts 
comparatively speaking, they are ready 
to give of their means so that others 
may receive the Gospel. Their homes 
are so small and poorly built sometimes 
that we wonder how they live. They can 
truly sing, " A tent or a cottage why 
should I care ? They are building a palace 
for me over -there !" 

The heathen generally appears rather 
timid in the presence of white people, 
but one comes in contact with some who 
seem to be more bold than the white per- 
son, if they have any chance at all they 
will investigate your baggage, lunch bas- 
ket or whatever one has ; and if they are 
caught at it they make no apology what- 
ever. 

They manifest a very selfish spirit; this 
is easily seen if you are on the train and 
see them get in through the windows 



so as to have a good seat. This will all 
change as they become enlightened and 
are taught to prefer others above them- 
selves. But when they go about their 
work, they -do not get in such a hustle, 
that they become exhausted in working 
for themselves or for others, so it is 
needful that we ask for patience. 

Kipling's words on patience can only 
be fully appreciated when we have to do 
with people of the Orient. 

We notice their form of worship, how 
faithful they are in their way, our hearts 
bleed for them, and we pray that God 
may speed the day that where there are 
temples erected to hideous gods, there 
some may be erected for the worship of 
the living God. 

Brethren arid sisters in the homeland 
pray for us that we may help bring this 
to pass. 

The half is not told. 



When we find our hearts such fountains of sin, it is fit that our 
eyes should be fountains of tears.— Matthew Henry. 

Do not think it enough to live at the rate of common Christians. 
— David Brainerd. 

As we climb, temptation is the barometer to show us our altitude. 
—Rev. G. T. Durgen. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



AMONG STRANGERS 

Effie V. Long 




URING the last three 
months we have been 
living with other mis- 
sionaries, our o w n 
home at Jalalpor 
being closed up. Of 
course every one loves 
his own home most 
*and is happiest there 
if it be a true home. 
But it does one 
good to get away among other people 
and see how they do things, and get 
new ideas, and thus be able to make 
comparisons that might be helpful. I 
count it that a short visit to a friend has 
lost much of its value if we fail to get new 
ideas and new inspiration for w T ork and 
new ways of doing things. We must 
learn from one another. 

And then, too, it is a good thing to 
come in contact with others and really 
live with them, to get us out of our ruts 
and to get the rough edges knocked off. 
Most of us have " humps," — abnormal 
growths, — that we are not aware of till 
they come in contact with such like in 
other people, and sometimes it takes a 
good many bumps to get them all 
knocked off, but the sooner the process 
is done w T ith the better for all concerned. 
Being and living with others though 
they be not entire strangers, helps us to 
appreciate our own all the more. When 
one has been separated from his loved 
ones of his own home for awhile they 
seem all the dearer when again he meets 
them. 'Tis said that "Absence makes 
the heart grow fonder." Is it true or not? 
Our little family had a pleasant stay of 
several months in a home of the Chris- 
tian and Missionary Alliance people. We 
were there to study the Marathi lan- 
guage. Those missionaries are much like 
us in many respects and do not get a big 
salary but just enough to live on, and we 
alwavs feel at home anions them. We 



understand each other and appreciate 
being together. The Alliance mission is 
composed of members of many different 
denominations and also quite a number 
of different nationalities are represented. 
Being thus it is remarkable how well 
they get along and work together, but it 
seems the principal doctrines on which 
they all agree, are emphasized, and the 
minor kept in the back ground. Without 
the Spirit of Christ they could not have 
the harmony they do. There seems to 
be a feeling of intimacy among them too, 
that one admires. But still there is not 
the near feeling of brothers and sisters of 
one family as there is among our own 
missionaries. In fact I do not believe 
there is any other mission in India that 
has this feeling as fully developed as the 
Brethren Mission. The missionaries of 
some other missions that I know of 
scarcely know each other and have never 
visited in each other's homes nor seen 
each other's field of work. Our little 
mission is quite different. We know all 
of the stations and something of the work 
there, and we call one another by name 
and feel we must have a visit with each 
one at least once a year. I like this 
feeling. Our missionaries here in 
India thus take the place (as much as 
possible), in service and sympathy and 
helpfulness, of our brothers and sisters,, 
our fathers and mothers at home. 

That is the genius, — the true spirit, — 
of the Church of the Brethren, — the feel- 
ing of brotherhood. You are sure of a 
return of friendship. How often in a 
crowd of strangers has it made my heart 
rejoice to find one that I recognized as a 
brother or sister though I had never met 
them ! The true brotherly feeling is there 
and you can't help it. It just seemed to 
grow there. Yes, I am glad I belong to 
the Brethren Church and I hope and 
pray that this brotherly feeling will al- 
wavs be one of her characteristics. 



22 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



WINNING AND RETAINING 



C. H. Brubaker 




E that 



winneth souls 
is wise." " Where no 
wise guidance is, the 
people f al 1 e t h." — 
Proverbs. 

The remark is 
often made that it is 
easy to win men and 
baptize them into the 
Church, but to hold 
them and properly 
take care of them afterward is the 
harder and more tedious task. And no 
doubt many of us have known cases 
where evangelists held meetings and a 
large number came out and received 
Christian baptism, but in two or three 
years half of them had backslidden. 

Wherein lies the fault? There is a 
possibility of the missionary or the evan- 
gelist being at fault in several ways. 
(1) He may win the man by his own 
personality to himself, /ather than win 
him for Christ, and so when the win- 
ning personality departs for another 
field of service the attracting power is 
gone and the man falls away into his old 
ways. (2) He may win the man by 
offering some worldly inducement which 
he is unable to make good, resulting in 
a lack of faith in the one who has ac- 
cepted. (3) He may lack in giving a 
clear understanding of the Christian re- 
quirements. This may result in mis- 
understandings, and if not carefully 
handled by the pastor, result in coldness 
and disobedience. 

The man who chooses church-rela- 
tionship may be at fault. His motives 
may not be up to the standard. Per- 
haps he thinks more of his standing in 
the community than of his personal sal- 
vation. Perhaps it will enhance his busi- 
ness prospects. Have you never heard 
of a man joining a church seemingly 
with the intent of getting the contract to 
put up the church-building? Perhaps he 



comes as a refugee, running away from 
some crime against the government. Per- 
haps he expects his living in an easier 
way than he can get it otherwise. In any 
case above mentioned it is evident 
that the man was not won by the attract- 
ing and saving power of our Lord and 
so He had not won the man's affections 
at all. 

Winning is one thing, and retaining 
is another, and yet we must through the 
Holy Spirit's power accomplish both, 
else our work is fruitless. The Bible 
is plain in its teaching. He that is faith- 
ful to the end receives the crown. He 
who puts his hand to the Gospel plough 
and turns back is not fit for the kingdom. 

The minister may have done his work 
faithfully and well in the matter of 
winning, and the individual who accept- 
ed Christ through his efforts may have 
done so in all good faith and with the 
purest of motives and still afterwards 
fall away. This may be due to several 
reasons. (1) The minister who won 
him, or the one in charge after him, may 
have neglected to feed the lambs. He 
may have forgotten to direct the ener- 
gies of the new convert into active 
Christian service. A living soul needs 
exercise in order to live and develop. 
(2) The new convert may have refused 
instruction or neglected the means of 
grace for his development such as pray- 
er, praise, testimony, and Bible study. 
How important these are! A man dies 
spiritually without them. He may have 
sought the fellowship of his unsaved 
friends rather than that of the Saints, 
and thus been lured away. 

Or when a child of God wanders away 
or turns his back on truth it may be 
from a combination of neglect on the 
part of himself and teacher, coupled with 
the untiring efforts of the enemy of our 
souls who goes about like a roaring Hon 
seeking whom he may devour, some- 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



23 



times transforming himself into a angel 
of light for the purpose of deceiving the 
very elect. 

If the winning is' ideal, that is, if 
Christ is lifted up and the Father draws 
men to himself and they are attracted to 
Him by His holiness and His power to 
save from sin, then the retaining is. riot 
so difficult, for when God wins He wins 
to keep. But on the other hand if men 
are won thru the personality of men and 
attracted to men, if by promises incapable 
of being fulfilled, or by a lack of proper 
teaching men are won, then difficulties 
arise. Praise God for attractive person- 
ality but let it be used to point men to 
Christ and not for self-glory. Promise 
men what the Bible promises and you 
will be safe. Teach the full and com- 
plete Gospel and you will be saved from 



disputes over essentials and non-essen- 
tials. 

If the choosing is ideal, that is, if the 
soul, feeling the weight of sin comes to 
Jesus choosing Him as his personal Sav- 
ior, acknowleging Him as King of his 
life, then holding on is easy for he be- 
comes a loyal subject to King Jesus 
and seeks to do His will at all times. 
But if men choose the Christian religion 
thru some ulterior motives such as for 
social standing, for business opportu- 
nities, for protection from an unfriendly 
world, or for selfishness of any kind, 
they have not really chosen the Lord. 

Let us seek wisdom from above in our 
endeavors to win souls for Christ and 
ask the guidance of the Holy Spirit that 
those won may be kept for the Master's 
use. Dahanu, India. 



CHRISTIAN MISSIONS AMONG THE 
BACKWARD RACES 

J. M. Pittenger 




HIS subject is as 
broad as the subject 
of Missions itself and 
might be treated or 
viewed from at least 
three very interesting 
stand-points, viz.: 
(1) As related to the 
past. (2) As related 
to the present, i. e. 
what is the Christian 
Church doing for these Backward Races 
at the present; (3) What are the pros- 
pects of Christian Missions among these 
races for the future? 

Each of these subdivisions afford a 
most interesting field for research and 
subsequent thought out of which could 
be drawn lessons of great value for 
present day Christians. It is a source 
of great joy to note the present awaken- 
ing and consequent activity of the 
Church in regard to both her possibili- 



ties among and responsibilities for what 
here we term the Backward Races. 

A review of the history of missions 
leads one to the definite conclusion that 
the church's most heroic efforts to evan- 
gelize have been among these races. 
Their condition morally, spiritually and 
otherwise has, without doubt, called 
forth this effort on the part of Christ's 
followers. 

There is no incentive so blessed, so 
precious, so inspiring, so full of that joy 
and peace which pass beyond human ken 
as the incentive which leads men to help 
their weaker brethren. 

The man who is fully and truly 
guided by this incentive from morn till 
eve of each day is the man whose cup 
with joy runneth over. He it is who is 
greatest among men for so said our 
Lord and Master. This incentive was 
the guiding star of His life. It shaped 
His every word, thought and deed. It 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



points out most forcibly to us the man- 
ner in which we should serve if we would 
be a blessing to those about us. 

Only a reference dare be made to that 
part of this subject as it relates to the 
past. 

Fifteen centuries ago, there roamed 
through the forests of northwestern Eu- 
rope a race of people as rude and bar- 
baric as any of their day. The confines 
of what was then their homes proved too 
narrow for their restless, wandering na- 
tures so they sailed away to what was 
to them a distant land, England. 

After a brief period, the great mis- 
sionary, Augustine, went among these 
pale faced people to proclaim the mes- 
sage of salvation. They heard and the 
result the whole world knows. 

Taking only a superficial glance at 
the vast difference between the condi- 
tions, morally and otherwise, of those 
rude denizens of the forests as Augus- 
tine found them and their descendants 
of today, fills one with awe. This 
preaching of Augustine appealed to 
them. It became the leaven which 
worked among them, rude though they 
were, changing their thoughts and hence 
their lives. Then began a process of re- 
form that has taken all these fifteen cen- 
turies to reach its present stage. And 
the end is not yet. 

" How slowly it has come about ! " 
one is led to say. Yes, this is true but 
God has had a purpose worked out in 
this that the world has not yet fully 
comprehended. This purpose will be 
shown us, without doubt, as the present 
glorious campaign for the world's evan- 
gelization is worked out. 

As we look at the present phase of 
this question the slowness of develop- 
ment among the Anglo-Saxons will take 
on at least one very encouraging fea- 
ture, viz. : It has and will make possi- 
ble a quicker evangelization among the 
Backward Races of the present. Wit- 
ness, for example, Japan and the mar- 
velous changes wrought within her em- 
pire of islands. The change that came 



so slowly among the Anglo-Saxons and 
their descendants has made possible 
these mighty and speedy changes among 
the Japanese. The most virulent critics 
of Christianity and Christian Missions 
are bound to admit this. 

While the tardiness of development 
in the process of evangelization among 
the Anglo-Saxons is painful to contem- 
plate, it has given a fixedness of purpose, 
in their efforts to evangelize other races, 
perhaps not so backward as their own, 
that could have been gotten in no other 
way. From this, no doubt, arises the 
Anglo-Saxon's present eager desire to 
make possible a more speedy evangeliza- 
tion of the present Backward Races than 
his own has been. 

Will this be possible? Yes. A care- 
ful study of the everyday events now 
passing with such wonderful rapidity in 
the empire of the Celestials confirms one 
in this belief. Even extremely conserv- 
ative India furnishes abundant proof to 
confirm one in such a belief. 

What an intensely interesting research 
it would make to study the home life, 
yes all the customs of the races that are 
now considered backward and then com- 
pare their chances of rapid progress in 
the process of evangelization with that 
of the Anglo-Saxon. But such a re- 
search, however skillfully and carefully 
made, could not possibly reveal in full 
the possibilities of any one or more of 
these races to become true children of 
God. 

The preaching to them of God's word 
followed by the working of the Holy 
Spirit is the only facts that can and will 
fully reveal these possibilities. 

The Backward Races of the West 
have all been, to a certain extent at least, 
evangelized. That is Christianity has 
practically " won out " in America and 
Europe. This statement is made with 
reserve for it is a well known fact that 
in many sections of both Europe and the 
two Americas the standard of profess- 
ing Christians is very low. Neverthe- 
less these regions have heard the Gospel 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



of Jesus and have in a measure, learned 
and felt its influence. 

To the eastward, then, to China, In- 
dia, and the islands of the sea, do we 
look for the Backward Races of the 
present day. The individuals of these 
races number millions upon millions. 
There, say all who have taken' a careful 
survey of conditions, will be the greatest 
conflict between the teaching of the 
world's Savior and those who mock at 
and despise them. Some of these races 
have never beheld the face of one of 
Christ's messengers but the large ma- 
jority of them has. 

The door of ingress for His messen- 
gers is now open in all of them. Here 
among these backward people are the 
efforts to Christian Missions now great- 



est, and, here, of course, will tbfe ffa'fvtest 
of souls be most bounteous. JThe adver- 
sary of these souls and their gleaners de- 
vises every possible scheme to over^iiw. 
the work but let none of those who & 
sowing in these or other fields fear or 
be in any way dismayed for we are serv- 
ants of the King of kings. 

Let each one who is in anyway inter- 
ested in the work of Christian Missions 
among the Backward Races be full of 
that hope which lays hold of and ac- 
complishes great things in God's name. 
Let every one look heavenward and then 
over the lands wherein dwell these races 
and rejoice that prospects are so glo- 
rious for the evangelization of all these 
races in God's own good time. 

Ahzva, via Bilimora, India. 



^3 



INDIAN LANGUAGES 

I. S. Long 




N India there may be 
said to be two families 
of languages, those of 
Sanskrit origin, name- 
ly Marathi, Gujarati, 
Urdu, Bengali, etc. ; 
and those of the 
Dravidian family, 
namely Tamil, Telugu, 
Kanarese, Tulu, etc. 
The Dravidian lan- 
guages are spoken in the South; the 
Sanskritic languages in the North. 

In all India there are said to be 123 
distinct languages and dialects, and the 
people of every tribe and tongue are 
doubtless proud of their mother tongue. 
In several instances small tribes consist- 
of not more than a half million people, 
even before their dialect had been re- 
duced to writing, have been known to 
object to allowing government or mis- 
sionaries introduce through schools the 
neighboring larger language in well 
prepared books. 

Hindi is spoken by more people than 
any other Indian language. About 



seventy million speak Hindi. Next, in 
order comes Urdu, spoken by about 
twenty-five million people. Then follow 
the others in order — 'Marathi, Telugu, 
Bengali, Tamil, Gujerati, Kanarese, etc, 
etc. Hindustani, a kindred language to 
Hindi is used generally by the Railway 
people and many government officials. It 
is said that one speaking Hindustani can 
be understood all over India. But mis- 
sionaries never depend on any one lan- 
guage for the delivery of their message, 
but always learn the language or dialect 
spoken by the people among whom they 
live. 

The same language in not widely 
separated areas is often spoken a bit 
differently. The words are found to 
change slightly. The natives have a com- 
mon saying, that " Language changes 
every twelve kos " (twenty-four miles). 
However, this should not sound strange 
to us, for we are told that people of cer- 
tain sections of cultivated England 
scarcely understand the English spoken 
by people of other sections of that small 
island. 



26 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



Certain Indian languages are more dif- 
ficult to learn than others, naturally. The 
C. M. Alliance missionaries who work 
both in India and China say that Marathi 
is more difficult than Chinese. Marathi 
is clearly a bit harder than Gujerati. 
This greater difficulty consists merely in 
its greater profusions of forms and in- 
flections. The same language, however, 
to one is difficult, to another compara- 




A Camping' Place in the Himalayas, India. 

tively easy ; but the difficulty or ease with 
which different people learn language is 
generally not due to difference in the 
weight of their brains, but rather on how 
well they like language study, how well 
they stick to " their bush," how well they 
^ersevere in their effort to learn and hear 
and speak. In learning a living language 
" If any have ears to hear let him hear" ; 
speaking will then follow as night the 
day. 

The language of the Santals and 
Marathi are among the difficult Indian 
languages. The Santals are a hill tribe, 
living a little west of Calcutta, among 



whom a wonderful work of grace has 
been done thru missionary effort. The 
Santal verb, for instance, has five voices, 
twenty-three tenses, three numbers, and 
four cases, so-called. The Marathi verb 
has besides the Participle, Gerund and 
Supine five Moods. Of the Indicative 
there are twenty-one tenses, of the Con- 
ditional seven, of the Subjunctive six, 
etc. This will only be interesting by com- 
parison with other languages. 

" It is a wise ordinance of Providence 
that makes the oriental languages difficult 
to acquire; for knowledge of a language 
is dangerous unless knowledge of the peo- 
ple guides in the use of it." Fortunately 
the missionary may study the living lan- 
guage and the living people side by side. 
To those who settle it in their hearts that 
the language is at every point interpreted 
by the people, and the people by the lan- 
guage, both become alike interesting and 
the task of acquiring the new language is 
not thought a task to be dreaded but a 
privilege to be enjoyed. 

The missionaries who learn the lan- 
guage well are seldom if ever unhappy in 
the foreign field. Much of the poor suc- 
cess of many missionaries is undoubtedly 
due to their poor command of the ver- 
nacular. The educated natives, it is said, 
easily pardon the mistakes of beginners ; 
but after one has had ample time to learn 
the language well, he does not easily for- 
give mistakes made by the missionaries. 
The native might attribute the poor lan- 
guage of the foreigner to his general 
ignorance. But generally, he would think 
the foreigner has a great contempt for his 
(the native's) mother tongue. 

Often, no doubt, missionaries through- 
out their entire career on the field speak 
hesitatingly and incorrectly simply be- 
cause they got discouraged in the begin- 
ning. They had such poor pandits. Per- 
sonally, I believe it would pay in the 
long run if Missions would get the very- 
best pandits obtainable for the new mis- 
sionaries. Says one : " It is the very 
essence of false economy to cut down in 
this direction." For, few things attract 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



27 



and please the Indian more than to hear 
a foreigner speak the vernaculars cor- 
rectly and fluently. When they under- 
stand well, their eyes twinkle and a 
smile curls about their mouths and they 
may be heard to say softly : " That 
Saheb is clever." At the same time 
some or all of us, especially in our first 
attempts to speak the new tongue, have 
been just a bit chagrined, after making 
what we thought a pretty fair speech, to 
hear the native say : " Saheb, we don't 
understand English." As we think of 
the beauty and sweetness of and the 
great need of the people "for the message 
we bear, and as time after time we re- 
mind ourselves that we are not represen- 
tatives of an ordinary king or potentate 
but of the " King of kings and Lord of 
lords " we almost wish we had " tongues 
of men and angels." 

The Brethren in India are working in 
two districts, Gujerati and Marathi. 
The Gujerati work is older and of 
course larger than the Marathi work. In 
Gujerati we have six stations, in the 
Marathi field, three, with a fourth about 
to be opened. In these districts besides 
Gujaratis and Marathis there are many 
Mohammedans speaking Urdu, and 
many Bhils with a language peculiar to 
themselves. But these and all others 
understand the Gujerati and Marathi. 
These two languages are kindred 
tongues; so it happens that the mission- 



aries, and much more the native Breth- 
ren, understand much of a sermon 
preached in the language different from 
their own. As yet, only several of our 
missionaries have been granted time to 
learn the second language. It would 
afford all of our missionaries pleasure if 
they could speak well both languages. 
And at times both are needed. 

In all the world the blessed Book with 
its words of Life has been translated in- 
to something over 400 languages and 
dialects. Of this number India fur- 
nishes her goodly share. And while one 
is inclined to be vexed as he stands deaf 
and dumb before his fellow-men with 
whom he would fain deal, it is consoling 
to know that our gracious Savior knows 
and hears and answers every heart- 
prayer, in whatever tongue prayed. And, 
pained as one may be over the thought 
that all this Babel of languages is the 
result of man's sin and pride, pleased 
and satisfied at heart are we that the 
same God who confounded the tongue 
and closed the hearing ear is daily sav- 
ing to His own eternal praise hundreds 
of sinners " out of every kindred, and 
tongue, and people, and nation ;" and He 
is making them unto Himself " kings 
and priests " who shall reign on the 
earth. 

" Oh, for a thousand tongues to sing 
My dear Redeemer's praise, 
The glories of my God and King, 
The triumphs of his grace." 



T*HE blood of Christ: it is the fountain of immortality! The blood 
■ of Christ : it makes the soul summer warm and beauteous ! The 
blood of Christ: it binds all heaven, with its many mansions and 
throngs without number, in holy and indissoluble security ! My soul, 
seek no other stream in which to drown thy leprosy ! My lips, speak 
no other song with which to charge your music! My hands, seek 
no other task with which to prove your energy! I would be swal- 
lowed up in Christ! I would be nailed to His cross. I would be 
baptized with His baptism. I would quail under the agony of His 
pain, that I might triumph with Him in the glory of His resurrection. 
— Joseph Parker. 



28 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE 
LADY PHYSICIAN 

Ella M. Brubaker 



Imagine a land entirely without a 
physician and you will get a picture of the 
condition of the women of India and the 
opportunities for the lady physician to 
work among them. Are there no physi- 
cians, do you ask ? There are a few but 
they are usually found in the larger 
towns only, while the masses live in 
small villages. However, these few 
can scarcely be counted so far as medical 
aid to women is concerned, because of 
the customs here. 

Custom is more of a barrier to medic- 
al aid for the high caste women than for 
the low caste, but poverty keeps the lat- 
ter from calling the physician. Then 
added to custom and poverty is igno- 
rance, fear and superstition. The lady 
physician, if she is a true servant of the 
Lord, can, by His help surmount all these 
difficulties. If she is tactful she can 
easily gain the confidence of the high 
caste as well as the low caste and this 
done the doors of the most carefully 
guarded zenanas are open to her. She 
gives her services free, so the poor are 
not excluded. Then after acquaintance 
is made and confidence won, fear goes, 
and superstition also, but more slowly. 

Not only do these women suffer from 
the lack of aid of the good physician but 
they suffer as much, if not more from 
the aid of ignorant and equally super- 
stitious midwives. You would be sur- 
prised and horrified were I to tell you 
of some of the ways and means used to 
accomplish certain ends. God only 
knows all the misery they cause. 

That these women do allow themselves 
to be attended by the lady physician has 
been proven many times. When we first 
came here I was called by high caste as 
well as low caste to attend their sick. 
And very, very much do I regret the 
fact that I have not had a course in 



medicine. It disables me to help the 
women physically as I should like, and 
also closes some doors that would, 
through help in sickness be open to me. 
Thus my opportunity to help them spirit- 
ually is cut off. 

Before coming to India I thought of 
taking a medical course or a nurse's 
training but missed it for what I then 
considered to be a lack of time. But 
since I realize what I miss by not having 
it I wish many times I had taken the 
time for it. And I would urge every 
other young woman, who thinks of com- 
ing, to study medicine first if possible. 
As it is, we are able to give out the com- 
mon remedies, and as time goes on we 
become more adept in the work, but yet 
when the most needy call comes then is 
just the time when we are unable to re- 
spond. You can imagine how humiliat- 
ing this is, and how our hearts ache for 
the poor sufferers. All we can do then 
is to tell them to go to the private high 
caste doctor in Dahanu. And this we 
know they invariably will not do, for the 
reasons above mentioned. Then all we 
can do, yet what a blessed privilege it is, 
is to go to the Great Physician in prayer 
and plead in their behalf. Then it is that 
we long for the faith of the early dis- 
ciples. Pray for us, mother church, that 
we may become pliable so that God can 
use us, just as He wills, as He did the 
first Christians. 

I was in the home of a lady physician 
for a while this summer so could see at 
close range the amount of good she can 
do. A large number of people come to 
her dispensary every day. Two Bible 
women talk to the people while they 
wait. Outside of office hours she calls 
on outpatients in their homes. At one 
time, while I was there she had four con- 
finement cases in twentv-four hours. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



29 



And these were all among native people. 
They love and respect her very highly. 
In connection with her work among the 
people she is training one American girl 
and a class of six native girls in the 
work. 

We are ever on the alert to learn when 
we have opportunity, but the few ques- 
tions we can think of asking and the once 



telling is not enough. It takes the several 
years of constant training before coming 
to the field to be of real service to us 
after we get here. May all prospective 
missionaries give these few thoughts 
prayerful consideration and may the 
Holy Spirit lead you is my prayer. 

Dahanu, India, 

Sept. ?o, J op. 



THE INDIA FARMER 

D. J. Lichty 




T is estimated that 
fully two thirds of 
India's population be- 
long to the agricul- 
t u r a 1 classes and 
these as a whole rep- 
resent the poorest 
subjects of the King. 
Their average daily 
income is but 3c and 
yet of the £80,000,- 
000 annually extracted by the English 
government from India a very large por- 
tion comes from the peasant. 

The Indian Ryot is chronically in 
debt, and it is no wonder for who with 
paying his obligations to the government 
and being victimized by the greed and 
treachery of his master, the money lend- 
er, and tyrannized by the crafty under 
officers of the government we have pre- 
sented to us one of the most pathetic 
figures in the British Empire. Then too, 
nature often is no kinder to him than 
his human oppressors. " Ofttimes it 
comes to pass that between him and sal- 
vation only hovers a shower of rain." 
The scourge of famine, like a drawn 
sword, ever hangs over him, and too 
often it falls on him heavily, depopu- 
lating his villages and putting him the 
more at the mercy of those whose ad- 
vantage is his calamity. 

India also is the land of Kings and 
Native Royalty, who from time to time 
hold costly Durbars, build and maintain 
costly palaces, accumulate rich treasures 



of jewels and precious stones and who 
wear them on occasional tours to En- 
gland to pay their respects to the King 
Emperor, and all this largely at the ex- 
pense of the Ryot. 

Rajpipla State is ruled over by one of 
these kings of the first class. Of its 
one thousand five hundred and seventeen 
and one-half square miles of area only 
one-third is first-class farm land. The 
remainder consists mostly of hills, inter- 
spersed here and there with small farm- 
ing tracts in the intervening valleys. The 
best land is valued at $20 to $30 but the 
annual tax extracted by the government 
almost equals the first cost. 

The tax on lands selling for $5 to $20 
is proportionately high. The still poor- 
er farm lands found in the hills belongs 
entirely to the government and is let out 
at the rate of $2.00 per pair of bullocks 
owned by the farmer who is then en- 
titled to farm as much land as he is able. 

The best land is principally occupied 
by a class of farmers known as Patadars 
and they are fairly well-to-do but few 
of them can be said to be wealthy. How- 
ever they have the advantage of having 
respect and often influence among the 
higher castes. The Bhils represent a 
larger number of agriculturists but their 
condition is far less enviable. In fact it 
is most deplorable and almost hopeless 
of improvement. 

What then in short is the condition 
of the Bhil farmer in Rajpipla today. 
(1st) He is shouldering debts incurred 



30 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



by his parents, for which he is in no 
wise reponsible, and this often with com- 
pound interest. Famine by drought and 
famine by vermin overtook him in re- 
cent years, depopulating many of his vil- 
lages and forcing those who survived to 
incur further indebtedness in order to 
start up farming again, for the famine 
had left him neither food, raiment, 
farm bullocks, or even grain to plant. It 
must also be noted that in these eight 
years following the famine excepting 
one season, not more than a half or 
three-fourths crop has been realized 
even by the best planters. 

The Bhil when sober is industrious 
and thrifty but the State government 
taking advantage of his taste for liquor 
realizes an annual revenue of $44,000.00 
from so small a territory as Rajpipla and 
this does not take into account the large 
profit realized by the liquor contractor 
and of all the local liquor shopkeepers 
scattered throughout the State. 

Thus he is robbed not only of his hard 
earned living but it unfits him for fur- 
ther effort and converts a once honest 
peasant into a thief and an inveterate 
liar. 

The above is how his debts have ac- 
cumulated but what of the rate of inter- 
est charged by the money lender. To be- 
gin with, no one except for pure charity 
thinks of loaning any money at a rate 
less than 25 per cent and when grain for 
food or for planting is loaned the poor 
Ryot often pays in kind at the rate of 
100 per cent and I have known of cases 
where 200 per cent was demanded. 

Thus in his extremity what is left 
for the poor Bhil to do; i. e., what can 
he do? Well there are just five things 
for him to do any one of which is dis- 
astrous to him and his family. (1st) He 
may forsake his village and family and 
escape to unknown parts where he may 
again borrow and set up farming, but 
more frequently he becomes by profes- 
sion a thief under the guise of a day 
laborer. 

(2nd) He may deed himself and fam- 



ily, in whole or in part to his creditor or 
creditors as the case may be to slave the 
rest of their lives, or at least until the 
last farthing is paid. 

(3d) Often his property is confis- 
cated and I have seen the very roof 
from over his head torn down to help 
pay an old standing debt. Until recent 
years there was no limit to the poor 
man's land being confiscated and even 
now when there is government restric- 
tion along this line the money lender fol- 
lows a different course which amounts to 
the same thing in the end. This is ac- 
complished by forcing the debtor to 
farm his lands on halves shouldering all 
the incidental expense, (seed grain 
excepted) not on himself but on the man 
who is already down. And this also is 
not husbandry on the part of the Bhil 
but slavery which converts a once indus- 
trious man into a careless and irrespon- 
sible villager. 

The object of this paper is not to put 
all the blame on the moneyed classes for 
in many cases the oppressed classes in- 
cur indebtedness when they could keep 
out and when they know it will bring 
oppression to themselves and descend- 
ants for generations to come. This 
sorry condition is a result of a long 
standing pernicious custom which the 
British government to some extent has 
succeeded in checking in her own terri- 
tory but in some of the native states the 
custom continues to prevail with all its 
attendant evils. 

But the problems involved in these 
conditions affect not only the people and 
the government but also the efforts of 
Christian Missions, and that in a very 
peculiar way. So long as the high caste 
Hindoo retains any hope of becoming rich 
at the expense of the peasantry, Chris- 
tianity has few attractions for him, and 
since the Christian religion possesses a 
peculiar power of raising the oppressed 
to his own level and standing in the 
affairs of life, he is just as averse to 
them becoming Christians as he himself 
is. But in spite of all kinds of oppres- 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



31 



sion, real or threatened, many of these 
poor people have had the courage to ac- 
cept Christ as their Savior. And herein 
are we encouraged. If Christ is thus 
able to enrich the poorest and to make 
noble the ignoble, what greater sermon 
than its fulfillment can be preached to 
the all and self-sufficient high caste Hin- 
doo? Christianity must not only beg a 
hearing but by its power in the lives of 



men must it compel a respectful hearing. 
My Christian brothers in America! 
This is an appeal both to your liberality 
and to your high sense of duty. You, by 
the appropriation of a few thousands of 
dollars out of your abundance, could 
help a great deal in assisting the Native 
Christians to grow up independent of 
their oppressors into a self-supporting 
and self-propagating church. 



NUGGETS OF GOLD FROM 
INDIA'S MINES' 



RAJAHGOPAUL 
A. W. Ross 




OONAMALEE R a- 
jahgopaul was the 
first convert of the 
Madras Free Church 
Mission and was also 
its most distinguished 
and influential Indian 
Minister. His father 
was a judge in the 
courts and died when 
his son Rajah was 
quite young. At sixteen the later entered 
the English Institution established by 
Mr. Anderson to satisfy the longing of 
many youths to procure an English 
education. While catering to the wants 
of the public yet Mr. Anderson was ever 
alert to the opportunities presented for 
pressing the claims of the Gospel upon 
his students. Day by day gospel truths 
were made to appeal to the youths under 
his instruction and it was not long till 
there was a growing sentiment among 
an inner circle of students in favor of 
Christianity which finally resulted in the 
baptism of Rajahgopaul and one of his 
close friends. 

As a matter of necessity that night the 
two converts remained in the Mission 
Home. Before going to bed Rajahgopaul 
taking his Bible silently pointed to the 
verse in the fourth Psalm, " Thou hast 
put gladness in my heart, more than in 



the time that their corn and their wine 
increased. I will both lay me down in 
peace and sleep ; for thou, Lord, only 
makest me to dwell in safety," 

Next day they were called upon to 
endure a sharp fiery trial. Their uncles 
and several near relatives appeared and 
tried every device to swerve them from 
their faith. " What, What ! Does Chris- 
tianity teach you to hate us, your fathers, 
mothers and friends ? What a religion is 
this ! " The lads with streaming eyes 
replied, " NO, no, Christianity teaches us 
to love you. We love you more than 
ever ; we pray for you day and night that 
the Lord may have mercy on your souls." 

Foiled in this their first attempt they 
now at once got out a warrant against 
Mr. Anderson on the pretence that he 
was detaining their sons against their 
will. Before the chief magistrate in the 
very midst of relatives they witnessed 
with all becoming modesty a noble con- 
fession for Christ. 

When the magistrate asked them 
whether they would return with their 
relatives or not, they firmly replied that 
they would go back to the Mission House 
with Mr. Anderson. The lads being up- 
wards of 18 and able to think and judge 
for themselves and having been baptized 

*The writer acknowledges the free use of 
" Sketches of Indian Christians " by Mr. J. 
Murdoch, and the " Missionary Review of 
World " in the preparation of these sketches. 



32 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



at their own request as they had declared, 
they were set at liberty to go where they 
pleased. At the bottom of the stairs in 
front of the police office, the crowds 
made a rush to rescue the youths in the 
very presence of the chief magistrate, 
but the attempt failed. The whole city 
was now moved. Great crowds gathered 
around the Mission Home for several 
days, breathing out threatenings and de- 
fiance. The attendance at the Institution 
fell at once from 400 to 70, tho it grad- 
ually recovered. 

As with every missionary it was the 
fondest hope of Mr. Anderson to see 
these new converts trained to serve the 
Lord in the capacity of the native minis- 
try. During this period of preparation 
for the ministry Rajah and his friend 
lived in the home with Mr. Anderson 
taking on the customs of their foreign 
friend. This however was a mistake 
tending to denationalize them and give 
them expensive habits. During this 
period the friendship between the new 
converts and Mr. Anderson became very 
fast and the latter was often wont to re- 
fer to them as his spiritual sons and they 
to him as their spiritual father. 

Rajah occupied the position in the 
school as personal assistant to Mr. An- 
derson thereby lightening and sharing 
his cares and labors. He was ever most 
earnest in his work and had a splendid 
influence on all about him. His course 
finished, he was licensed to preach the 
Gospel and was ever faithful to the call- 
ing. 

After twelve years of unremitting labor 
Mr. Anderson taking Rajahgopaul with 
him sailed for Scotland. They were met 
with a most warm and hearty reception. 
Crowds flocked to hear the long heard of 
convert and tho he was many times 
flattered by injudicious friends yet he 
remained the same humble christian. 

Upon returning to Madras he found 
abundant opportunities to serve his Mas- 
ter in the Institution but evangelistic 
work in the villages was not forgotten. 
Frequent visits were made in the villages 



and often he was wont to go to distant 
towns to witness for Christ his Savior. 

In 1858 he was ordained pastor of the 
native congregation, a position which at 
that time was most difficult to fill. His 
marked ability together with sterling 
character won the respect and confidence 
of every one ; and long before his death, 
those who attended his ministry valued 
him most highly for his gifts as a 
preacher, his wisdom as a counsellor, and 
his worth as a friend. 

Early his attention was drawn to the 
condition of the educated men of 
Madras, whose faith had been shaken 
by their Eastern education and were 
tossed in a sea of doubt. Consequently 
Rajah founded the Native Christian 
Literary Society. A library of some size 
and value was gradually collected in the 
Evangelistic Hall where lectures on re- 
ligious, literary, and scientific subjects 
brought together large audiences of non- 
Christian Hindus. 

Still not enough, the fertile brain and 
zealous heart of Rajah turned to the 
large number of outcast poor massed 
together in miserable hovels in the 
squalor and dirt. Naked and filthy the 
boys and girls grew up ; ignorant and 
without moral restraint; strangers to 
decency making most splendid materials 
for vice. For these accursed people no 
one had a word of kindness. Intercourse 
with them was defiling. 

Among such a people unaided by his 
Mission he began a work. First a little 
school. Numbers soon increased. Soon 
a hundred children were in attendance in 
the all too small quarters. Attention of 
the Government was called to his success, 
and he was given a good building pre- 
viously occupied by an institution for 
orphans. The school grew and prospered 
and today stands as a monument to the 
work of its founder. 

The condition of the heathen women 
weighed heavily on him and at last he 
was able to open up a school among the 
Chetties, a bigoted caste largely engaged 
in trade. A Mr. Braidwood had at one 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



33 



time secured a site among these people and 
began to build a school, but they arose 
en masse, demolished the walls, and drove 
away the workmen. For 20 years nothing 
was done further, till Rajahgopaul began 
his work. At first there was bitter op- 
position but the leaven of truth had been 
working among these people and soon his 
school was on a good footing. Encour- 
aged with success he founded another in 
other quarters and so on till the fourth 
and he had at last some five to six hun- 
dred girls under his care. 

All these various enterprises .together 
with a growing congregation to look after 
gradually told on his strength and a break- 



down was apparent. Kind and liberal 
friends invited him to revisit Scotland 
which he finally did. In doing so he 
hoped to secure financial aid especially in 
way of endowment for his schools. His 
visit was blessed with a partial restora- 
tion to health and offerings for his 
schools sufficient to place them on a fair 
financial basis. He returned to Madras 
much stronger and much refreshed, but 
the hand of disease was upon him and it 
was not long till it was seen that his 
labors were nearing an end. January 
9th 1887 beloved by Christians and non- 
Christians alike he was carried to his last 
resting place. 




Crttard Room from Theatre Road, Landour, India. 



OUR POTTER 



Adam 

ROM the day that 
God took clay and 
made a man men have 
been taking clay and 
making pots and 
bricks and tiles. In 
India most of the pot- 
ters are in castes of 
their own. 

A year ago when 

the little native church 
here was building, a potter from a near- 




Ebey 

by village was called to make the tiles 
for the roof. He was called in time to 
get the job done before the rainy season, 
but failed to come and the rain caught 
him with a lot of half and quarter 
burned tiles. The roof was a failure. 
Half the contract money was kept back. 
This year another building needed a 
roof. To finish up the church and to 
cover the new house, the potter was 
again called. 

May 13 he came with his wife and 



34 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



mother-in-law. Some of our men went 
early in the morning to bring their out- 
fit in a cart. In the evening they came 
with a grain-laden donkey. 

Their full outfit consisted of a don- 
key, a potter's wheel, some dirty bed- 
ding, water vessels, food,- and a hooka. 
The donkey was not needed here so he 
was taken home the next day. The 
wheel is made much like a wagon wheel 
but very heavy. The bedding was used 
at night on the beds and during the hot 
portion of the day to cover the drying 
tiles. This is necessary lest the water 
evaporate out of them too quickly and 
they crack. Our Christians touched the 
water vessels of clay. It was rather a 
surprise to me. They did not seem to 
fear defilement. The hooka is a large 
tobacco pipe. Often the smoke is drawn 
through water in a part of the bowl. 
They also had a pocketknife to cut the 
double tiles apart. They lost it one^day 
and after they had gone we found it in 
the ashes, ruined by the fire. To divide 
the large cap tiles for the comb of the 
roof a triangle was made of a green 
switch. 

A place was ready for them to eat, 
sleep and work in. Posts had been set 
up and a roof of leafy branches put on. 
It was partly enclosed by mats of split 
bamboos. Here they lived for a month. 

We agreed to supply them with clay, 
wood and water. It proved an expensive 
job. Water was easily supplied. The 
oxen drew it put- of the well and by 
means of the irrigation channels it was 
taken to the place and then put in a large 
iron tank. Proper clay was hard to get. 
Two kinds were needed. We did the 
best we could and yet could not satisfy 
the potter. There is plenty of wood to 
be had for the getting near here, but the 
potter wanted a particular grade and it 
was not to be found. Litter was plenty. 
— straw, chaff, leaves, in fact, anything 
that would burn was in demand. Ashes 
had to be supplied for the first kiln. 

The wheel is set up. Water and clay 
are near by. The clay is hammered fine. 



Ashes are sifted over it. Water is poured 
on. The women tuck up their skirts, 
and tramp the clay until it is mixed 
ready for the wheel. It is made into 
balls about as large as a man's head. 

The man's work is to turn the wheel 
and form the tiles. He sits flat on the 
ground with his wheel before him. With 
a stick he makes the wheel revolve rap- 
idly, then places a ball of the clay on the 
wheel and with his hands forms one end 
of a round tile. One end is small- enough 
so it will enter in the large end of an- 
other. The large end is made first. Then 
it is set aside to dry for several hours 
and again placed on the wheel and the 
small end finished. Again it must dry 
for a day or two when it is ready to be 
cut apart forming two roof tiles. This 
is done with the pocketknife. They are 
not cut quite in two. They are left 
hanging together until they dry a little 
more. 

When dried enough in the air and sun, 
they are piled in rather an orderly pile 
and with wood and litter mixed through 
and stacked around and outside and 
over them, the kiln is ready to be fired. 

This year the first kiln turned out 
fairly well, yet there were many poor 
tiles. The second one was not so good 
and the third was very bad. 

Getting ready for the last kiln a pre- 
mature shower came up and we all 
helped to get the half dry tiles in the 
church to save them. 

Like most Indians they are beggars. 
Though it was specified in the contract 
what we were to furnish and what they 
were to do, they came for more and 
more. They wanted beds, lanterns, oil, 
towels, covers for the tiles, and vege- 
tables. 

Unlike most Indians they are indus- 
trious, often rising at three o'clock and 
going to work. 

Poor tiles make a poor roof and when 
the first heavy rain came two of our 
Christian families had leaky roofs to 
contend with. The church roof on one 
side was verv bad. With the soaked 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



35 



floors of clay beneath and the soaked 
soft tiles above dripping clayey water, 
we had to have Sunday school and meet- 
ings in the bungalow for several weeks. 
We did not pay them in full. Wish we 
had kept back more of the money. 



There were some resolutions made long 
before the potters left. I need not tell 
you what they were. But we were glad 
to see them safe home and hope to have 
a better roof for the next rainy season. 
Umalla, via Anklesvar, Sept. 2i } igog. 



A QUESTION FOR YOU 



Dear Reader, 

Here is a question for you, who love 
the Lord and the souls of men, to solve : 
What would you do in the matter ? Some 
time ago a young woman ran away from 
her husband, and the whole neighborhood 
felt upset about it, as it was known she 
went off. with another fellow, and both 
were members of the Church ! but not the 
man who went away. The husband did 
all he could to find her. He heard of her, 
and sent messengers. When she heard 
that she was being traced, her new 
associate became frightened, and left her, 
lest he be arrested. So she went with an- 
other fellow, one who did not know her 
at all. With this man, No. 3, she was 
found, his people were informed that she 
had a husband, and he was after her, but 
if they meant business, they had better all 
come to Ankleshwer, and make sure first. 
So they came, five men for the girl, and 
the five who were in the search party 
after the girl, they came one Sunday 
afternoon. Settle at once, or keep them 
till Monday, — it was better to have a set- 
tlement meeting at once, as all were rest- 
less. We assembled. Several of our 
Christians whispered to me that I should 
have to be stern and very dignified all 
through. So I came into the meeting, 
when they were ready for me, and began 
to ask questions : who is the leader of the 
girl's party ? who the leader of the man's 
party? who is the man's father? What 
do you propose to do? Then I asked, 
sternly, " And who was talking about 
divorce? Does any one in this company 
remain so utterly ignorant of Christian 
Religion and Christian Law, as to sup- 
pose we would talk about divorce here? 



If so, you better leave, for we won't do 
anything of the kind !" Then I asked the 
girl if she would go with her husband. 
She said no. I asked the husband if he 
would take her with him. He said yes. 
Then we called for a local officer, who is 
a Christian, and when he heard the state- 
ment as above, he said we could do noth- 
ing at all. But we must do something. 
Not to do something is to give the girl 
over freely. Then one of the Bhil-Chris- 
tians whispered to me to order the hus- 
band to take his wife by the wrist and get 
out with her. The officer said he could 
not do that. I said I could, for if she 
went with him, she was his, but if she 
refused, then, we would be up to the 
proposition. I ordered him to take her 
by the hand and depart. They went in 
peace ! Good, that settled the case. We 
were all glad. Then it only remained to 
settle between the contending parties how 
they should share the expenses, and we 
settled that by compromise, and the other 
side went home. Next day they took her 
to the blacksmith shop and had her great 
brass leg-rings broken off, and all" her 
jewelry, and got her new and decent 
clothes. She looked a different woman, 
new made woman, one who was built on 
a different plan from the one we had 
dealt with the day before. And they had 
a dinner together, and were about to be 
off, when some one said to me : " Sahib, 
do you know they have never been mar- 
ried?" I was too surprised to think! And 
I talking of divorce, lecturing the whole 
company on the unbreakable marriage tie, 
when there had been no tie! Wah, wah, 
what next ? But it was train time. They 
had to go at once. I set a time for their 



36 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



return to be married. They promised to 
come. On the set day, I got word, the 
man had been arrested for stealing and 
could not come ! These are among the 
very least and the very lowest of those 
whom we have been calling " ours in the 
Lord," and not certainly . a usual thing 
happens like this. But now what? After 



he gets out of jail, he will come with her 
to be married, I presume. Yes, they will 
have to be dealt with as offenders, but we 
must be careful lest we fail to win 
them, for they are so nearly lost already. 
It is a question just what to do ! 

Fraternally yours, 

W. B. Stover. 




C. C. Eskildsen Reading 1 the Missionary Visitor. His 'Wife by His Side. 

THOUGHTS ABOUT THE PAST 
AND THE FUTURE 

C. C. Eskildsen 

What Dane Will Answer This Call? 



I am thinking about that time when 
the Brethren began their good work here 
in Denmark by Bro. Hope and the other 
two, dear, old brethren Eby and Fry. 
During the many years past, many good 
meetings have been held, and resulted 
in spiritual blessings and joy for many 
sinners have repented and accepted 
Christ, and joined the church. Many long 
and wearisome journeys have been made 
sometimes without food to reach places 



where to preach the true Gospel to sin- 
ners. But God's blessings and His Holy 
Spirit in the meetings have given strength 
instead of fatigue. 

What a comfort it often has been to us, 
when our dear and able brethren have 
left their dear homes in America, to 
make the long, long journey to visit, sup- 
port and encourage us in our mission 
work. Yes, how glad we have been when 

(Continued on Page 41.1 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



37 




"THY KINGDOM COME." 

We say, O Lord, " Thy kingdom come," 
Each morning when we pray; 

But are we living just like those 
Who long to see that day? 

We sing, O Lord, " Thy kingdom come," 
In hymns that sweetly chime; 

But are we doing what we can 
To hasten on that time? 

Are voices, hands, and willing feet, 

Our purses, yea, our all — - 
Are they at His disposal laid, 

Responsive to His call? 

If so, oh! then with joyous hearts 
That work and wait and pray 

We'll sing, " Thy kingdom come," O Lord, 
And hail with joy that day. 

—Exchange. 



TO OUR BOYS AND GIRLS. 

A letter from Mrs. Rankin of Baringa, 
Upper Congo. 

OW would you like a 

snake to come to 

school and pay you a 

visit there? Such a 

big" one came into our 

school here at Baringa 

the other morning. 

It was more than six 

feet long and six or 

seven inches around 

the body! We did not 

ask it to come again ! Indeed, we gave 

it no chance to do so ! 

We were all busily reading or writing, 
more or less quietly — should I say noisily ? 
— when there was a stir amongst the chil-' 
dren, and a cry : " There is a snake out- 
side ! " I imagined it to be a little one, 
such as we often see here, and thought 
that some men standing there would eas- 
ily kill it, and so said, " Sit down, sit 
down ! " 




But the next minute I saw this great 
thing come in at the door, so swiftly 
and silently and unexpectedly, and make 
its way around the wall to our class. 
Needless to say, neither I nor any other 
of the teachers or scholars sat down any 
longer. The children shouted "Njua! 
Njua! (Snake! snake!) and the older 
boys and men — for we have grown-ups in 
our school as well as children — dashed at 
it with sticks and we all jumped out of 
our seats to give it room — but not be- 
cause we wanted to be polite to it. 

At last one of the men managed to kill 
it, and carried it out triumphantly on a 
stick, and later on in the day he had a 
feast. That is why it did not come to 
school again. 

In thinking over the incident I said to 
myself : " That is just the way temptation 
nearly always comes — swiftly, silently, 
unexpectedly." Oh, how we need, dear 
boys and girls, to be always on the alert, 
always ready to meet it with our weapon 
in our hands, a prayer to the only One 
who can enable us to resist it. When I 
looked at that snake and thought how 
helpless I was, and all the little ones 
with me if it had darted at us, and no 
one had been near to aid, it was terrible. 
But our. Helper is always near. And 
when you are praying for yourselves, 
will you pray for the boys and girls at 
Baringa, that they too may learn to keep 
their weapon in their hands and to put 
their trust in the Savior who is so long- 
ing to help them? Some of them have 
given themselves to Jesus and we are 
glad, but we want them all to know Him. 

Seventeen nations have united to cre- 
ate prohibition territory in the Congo. 



38 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



Dr. George Brown, of the London 
Mission Society, labored under many 
trials and perplexities in the mission of 
New Guinea. The following incidents 
from his life show great trial and 
abounding joy: 

" Dr. Brown had to face not only the 
general trials of a missionary's life, but 
many very great and peculiar ones. On 
one occasion he was exposed to much 
misunderstanding and public censure be- 
cause of prompt action taken to punish 
some treacherous natives, and to save the 
native teachers under his care from great- 
er danger. On another, a cowardly cap- 
tain took him out of his course, and pre- 
vented his return home for many months, 
during which period two of his children 
died, and other members of the mission 
were in great suffering. Had he been 
able to reach home at the time he should 
have done with stores and medicines, it 
is just possible some of the lives might 
have been saved, and certainly long 
weeks of anxiety would have been avoid- 
ed. In these and other trials his wife 
seems to have been quite as heroic as he 



was himself, and even after the tragic 
occurrences just referred to she volun- 
teered to remain at the station alone for 
some months longer in order to help one 
of her lady colleagues. 

" He has much to tell of the fine char- 
acter of native teachers from Fiji, as well 
as of the New Britain natives, when they 
learned the meaning and power of the 
Gospel. The first sermon ever preached 
by a New Britain native to a New Britain 
audience was preached by a chief who 
had been tempted on Dr. Brown's first 
landing amongst his tribe, to put him to 
death, and the sermon, as Dr. Brown re- 
lates it, must have been a very fine one, 
full of power and effectiveness. The 
writer's own comments upon the sermon 
are as follows : ' His language was 
good, and he spoke earnestly and well, 
without the slightest hesitancy, and yet 
without any appearance of assumption. 
Oh, how different his language sounded 
to our poor attempts! The natives lis- 
tened with ears, mouths, and eyes. It was 
a rich reward for all our labors and 
trials.' " 




A Chief's House Decorated with Human Skulls. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



30 



For Our Ministers 



Once each month an outline of a missionary sermon will be given. Outlines are so- 
licited. Address the Missionary Visitor. 




A MISSIONARY SERMON. 

By A. G. Crosswhite. 

Now Joshua was old and stricken in 
years; and the Lord said unto him, Thou 
art old and stricken in years, and there 
remaineth yet much land to be possessed. 
Joshua 13 : 1. 

T is strange yet never- 
theless true that the 
same text is used by 
the advocates of mis- 
sions that is used by 
its opposers. God's 
all-seeing eye beholds 
the fields for opera- 
tion and his wisdom 
directs the most op- 
portune time for their 
conquest. He has always been ready and 
willing to fulfill his promises but it was 
and is his purpose that man should work 
with man, and, so far as physical man- 
hood is concerned, the contest is equal ; 
but it has been clearly demonstrated in 
all earth's greatest struggles that mind 
is superior to matter and the prowess was 
on the intellectual side. 

Warlike tribes and heathen nations 
whose god was Mars or Baal have 
subdued each other merely by superior 
physical force and multiplied their do- 
mains at the expense of their fellow- 
men's blood. 

From constant dread of the spirits 
of slaughtered foe and living antagonist 
who thirsted for revenge, they neglected 
the development of their natural, visible 
resources and kept their warriors in 
perpetual readiness to defend their ac- 
quired possessions and reach out after 
still more. 

Subjugated foes thus became strong 
allies of their hitherto despised captors 
and willingly followed the banners of 
their conquerors, for were they not in 



wilderness, typifying the unevangelized 
sympathy with such military tactics? 
Mutiny or rebellion meant instant and 
merciless death, and so ages rolled on. 
Canaan, at the time of the allotment 
among the tribes presents such a picture 
as here described. Here we see for the 
fourth time 

The Hand of God in History. 

1. The destruction of the earth by a 
flood and the repeopling of the world. 

2. The call of Abraham and God's 
covenant with the Jews. 

3. Their bondage and deliverance by 
Moses. 

4. The conquest of Canaan under 
Joshua, the latter of which now engages 
our attention. 

Joshua was old and well nigh his 
eternal reward when God showed him 
this stupendous task and some have con- 
cluded that might instead of right had 
prevailed. Joshua and Caleb had wanted 
to go over at once and possess the land 
and forty days instead of forty years was 
amply sufficient for its accomplishment 
[Dr. Talmage says nine days, in his 
admirable work, "From Manger to 
Throne"] had they not needed this. 
School of Training. 

Had they gone at once much of that 
beautiful bible story would never have 
been written and the word Failure 
would have been written over the door 
of every stronghold from the Great Sea 
to the Salt Sea on the South to Mt. 
Hermon on the North. 

A beautiful picture is presented in 
Rev. 12 of the spread and final triumph 
of Christ's Kingdom under the symbol 
of a woman persecuted by the great red 
dragon. She is headed this way for the 
wilderness, typifying the unevangelized 
portions of the earth. 



40 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



The flood of persecution has not yet 
impeded her progress and the time of her 
ultimate triumph is concealed in the mys- 
tical number also used by Daniel to 
represent the duration of the church age, 
time, times and a half time. 

Her son, our Savior, was here long 
enough to show us how to live and to 
establish His great missionary school. 
Just before leaving the world he gave the 
" Great Commission," — " Go ye there- 
fore, and teach all nations," etc., Matt. 
28 : 19. 

In this symbolic illustration we see Him 
" caught up to God and to his throne," 
Rev. 12:5. In His personal stead 
we have the Comforter, the-Holy Spirit 
who is still directing the work of evan- 
gelizing the world and thru His in- 
fluences doors are constantly opening to 
new fields of activity and their labors are 
being abundantly blest. The "'dark con- 
tinent " has been pierced by the Sword 



of the Spirit in fulfillment of the proph- 
ecy, " Ethiopia shall soon stretch out 
her hands unto God." Psa. 68: 31. 

Thibet with her " forbidden city " of 
which even a reliable map was until 
recently unobtainable is yielding grace- 
fully to the missionary's cautious 
advances and the isles of the seas are 
hearing the glad sound. But the worst 
is on this side. Man}- are appropriating 
the precious words of the text to worldly 
aggrandizement and heaping up earthly 
treasures not knowing who shall share 
them. With even.* tick of the clock a 
soul is passing into eternity unprepared! 

The nearer to death, the nearer to God, 
should be our watchword. Joshua was 
more concerned for the extension of 
God's Kingdom at the close of life than 
when he conquered Jericho. Oh, may 
our last breath be spent in his glorious 
service ! 

Flora, Ind. 



From the Firing Line 

Not church news, but incidents of struggle, victory, defeat, discourage- 
ments or rejoicing, — these in pointed, brief statements are solicited for this 
page. 



Soon after the writer was placed in 
the ministry, he and his older brother 
were on a mission tour through Grant, 
Pendleton and Tucker Counties, W. Va., 
preaching in turn. One Sunday evening 
after having preached at two different 
points in the mountains during the day 
(the people coming to the places of 
preaching for ten and fifteen miles on 
horseback and afoot), we left our horse 
and two wheeled cart at the foot of a 
mountain, there being no road over 
which a vehicle of any kind could be tak- 
en up the mountain. We climbed the 
mountain afoot, on reaching the top, we 
found a good sized congregation as- 
sembled at a private residence, previous- 
ly arranged for the meeting. It was late 
in the evening when we arrived at the 
place of preaching it being my brother's 
turn to preach. After the sermon the 



congregation remained, being desirous to 
learn more about the Gospel and the 
Brethren. About midnight a request was 
made to hear the younger brother preach. 
Accordingly another sermon followed, 
continuing the teaching until break of 
day. Then wending our way down the 
mountain side to a stream of water where 
we immersed three penitent believers in 
Christ. The people returning to their 
homes rejoicing. We continuing on our 
journey, praising God for the evidence of 
His presence with us and the people in 
the mountains of West Virginia. 

^ : t. s. F. 

A THANKSGIVING CALL. 

As I entered the sick chamber there 
lay a ladv of about 60 years, supported 
by charity. Arms, hands and lower 
limbs swollen and deformed with rheu- 
matism, suffering day and night. Her 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



41 



husband a drunkard, left her many years 
ago. Father and mother dead. No 
brothers or sisters. No son or daughter 
to comfort her. Tho deprived of all these 
she did possess something that day, that 
I can not forget — a smiling face and a 
thankful heart. 

And as I prayed for her I also 
prayed for myself, that I might learn 
better the lesson of thanksgiving. 

_^^ M. H. K. 

IS NOT THIS THE HOLY SPIRIT? 

What new feeling of contentment 

Fills me with its presence mild, 
Keeps my soul in perfect quiet, 

Like the trusting of a child? 



Chorus: 

Is not this the Holy Spirit, 

Is not this the peace divine 
That His people may inherit, 

Which now fills this heart of mine? 

What a joy now bounds within me 

Like a never-failing spring, 
Since I know that heavenly kindness 

Worketh good from everything! 

What a thrill of love pervades me! 

Love for Christ, His church so dear, 
Love for e'en the lowest heathen 

Dying Christless year by year. 

What strange power has come to serve me? 

Though I'm small in heaven's sight, 
Souls have trembled at my message 

Pleading God's eternal right. 

— Adaline Hohf Beery. 
(Written October 9, 1896.) 



LET your light shine. It is not for you to ignite the flame, to supply 
the oil, or trim the wick; your simple duty is to guard against 
anything that may obstruct the outshining of the Life of God from 
your soul. — F. B. Meyer. 



THOUGHTS ABOUT THE PAST AND THE FUTURE. 

(Continued from Page 36.) 



we together as one family around the 
Lord's table have washed each other's 
feet, and communed together, partaking 
of the bread and wine in remembrance 
of our blessed Savior. 

But many of our beloved brethren and 
sisters are gone to their heavenly rest, 
and we who remain, do not know how 
long; 'but we know there will be a com- 
munion on the other side, where our dear 
Savior Jesus will serve. What a blessed 
thought. What a meeting that shall be. 

Sorrow has come sometimes to us. 
When some have left the church and 
joined other churches where they have 
not the whole Gospel accepted, and 
where they preferred to fashion them- 
selves like the world, indeed that brings 
sorrow. 

Some of our young brethren have also 
left this country because they would not 
be soldiers and learn to kill their breth- 
ren ; wherefore they preferred to go to 
America rather then go in the worst 
orison for vears in Denmark. Often 



tears have flowed from parents' and chil- 
dren's eyes when parting in such a case. 
But somewhat they may think to have a 
comfort when they reach the free Amer- 
ica, because there are so many churches 
of the Brethren in the States, where they 
may go to meeting and hear the Gospel 
of Christ preached. " Therewith shall a 
young man cleanse his way; by taking 
heed thereto according to the word." 

Now, we are old, and miss our young 
strength. — Could not some one of our 
young Danish brethren be found in 
America, who stand in a good propor- 
tion to God and qualified as member of 
the Church of the Brethren to preach the 
Gospel and as such would be glad to 
come back and work here, helping to 
forward the true Gospel among us. 

It is of value to gain souls for the 
Lord, and since to be with Him in glory 
in heaven is gain more than gather the 
corruptible gold in this world. 

Hjoring, December nth, ipop. 
(Translated by C. Hansen.') 



42 



The Missionary Visitor 



Tanuary 
1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




C Sister Rebecca Bowman of Bridge- 
water, Va., puts the Visitor to a unique 
use. She has subscribed for extra copies 
enough to give one to each member of 
the Home Department of their Sunday 
school and says they " are so much dis- 
appointed when they fail to come." 

C Sister Alice Garber is now working 
with the brethren in the mission recently 
established by Omaha, Nebr., M. R. Wea- 
ver is pastor in charge. They are finding 
members in every part of the city, had 
a splendid Thanksgiving service and din- 
ner for the children of the mission. 
After discussing the various phases of 
city mission work she writes, " Are there 
not some grave problems that face the 
missionary? The only thing one can cry 
for is guidance and patience." 

C The - President of the Christian 
Workers' Society in Elgin, Illinois, has 
long since felt that the society ought to 
stand for something definite. It occurred 
to him to try securing pledges to support 
a missionary on some foreign field. He 
handed out slips and a part of the mem- 
bership responded showing a total 
amount pledged of upwards of $300 per 
year. The next step is the choosing of 
the one to go. Just now the church is 
praying to be guided in the choice. 

C It certainly is a sign of prosperity 
when a congregation in a comparatively 
new state district like North Dakota will 
one year borrow money to build a meet- 
ing house, agreeing to pay it back on the 
basis of $200 annually and then send in 
for its first payment $587.83, thus lifting 
two notes and nearly the third. Then 
in addition take up a missionary collec- 
tion on Thanksgiving day for the Gen- 



eral Board of $240.97. There were less 
than 45 at the meeting, and our wonder 
is what the offering would have been had 
all the Williston congregation been pres- 
ent and done as well as those present. 
Surely that is the land of " golden grain." 

C Under date of Dec. 7 brother and 
Sister Pellet write : " For the last month 
our evening services have been well 
attended and early each Lord's day the 
attendance is splendid. Sunday school is 
also encouraging, the number of pupils 
still increasing." 

C Passage has been engaged for D. J. 
Lichty and wife to sail from New York 
on April 30, 1910 S. S. Duca Di Genova. 
This should land them in Bombay about 
the first week of June. While Bro. and 
Sister Lichty are enjoying their visit 
very much in the home land they long to 
return to their field of labor. They are 
needed on the field also. 

C Writing from their mountain home 
at Abergeldie, Missboree, where Brother 
and Sister Steven Berkebile are living 
while he regains lost health and strength, 
he says, " Since here my gain has been 
eighteen pounds." This covers about a 
month or perhaps a little more. His 
friends will all rejoice to learn of such 
rapid recovery. 

C The latter part of November the 
World Christian Endeavor Convention 
was held at Agra, India. Seven of our 
American Missionaries attended the con- 
vention and received much encourage- 
ment and new enthusiasm. 

C On the morning of Dec. 21 a letter 
from a village, in Indiana was received 
containing $35.00 in three bills with this 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



43 






message : " Enclosed find $35.00 to sup- 
port two orphans in India. May God 
bless the work. Don't worry about who 
sent this but may it go on its mission 
soon." So careful has the sender been 
that the handwriting is disguised. The 
office does not " worry " over such things 
but rather rejoices for the spirit of giv- 
ing without being made known. One of 
the greatest missionary enterprises of 
Christendom publishes the number of the 
receipt and the amount, but gives no 
clue whence came the amount. It is an 
admirable way to follow and donors can 
have this privilege upon request for their 
donations. The church in general has 
been so long used to knowing that we 
shall have to follow the old plan where 
not otherwise instructed. 

C Juniata, Bethany and McPherson 
were among the schools of the Brethren 
who represented at the Rochester Inter- 
national Student Missionary convention. 
This convention meets only once in four 
years, and is of more than ordinary value 
to the student of missions. 

C P. H. Showalter of Virginia, father 
of Sister Effie Long of India recently 
passed from earth to reward. The Linn- 
ville congregation loses a strong sup- 
port to the work of the church, and one 
whose home was a haven of whole-heart- 
ed hospitality. Brother and Sister Long 
lose a father indeed. The Lord com- 
fort the widow and the children. 

| As a result of tithing a certain one 
whose interest in the missions of the 
Brethren has ever been strong, even tho 
she herself is not a member, is able to 
send support for a native in India, $50.- 
00 and the support of two orphans on 
the old basis of $16 each, A total of 
$82.00. Considering that the donor does 
clerical work, and has little of this 
world's goods, this is a beautiful illus- 
tration of what might be done by the 
larger part of the membership of the 
church, did they have the real spirit of 
consecration. 



C The Medical Missionary, a splendid 
monthly published at Battle Creek, Mich, 
where some half dozen of young breth- 
ren and sisters are in school preparing 
themselves to be medical missionaries, 
reprints Sister Alice K. Ebey's article on 
" The Women of India." 

C Geo. W. Hilton writes that they are 
planning to move into their new territory 
in the spring and then will settle down 
to steady, direct work. Bro. Crumpacker 
and wife and Sister Horning are so busy 
they seem not to have time to write 
about what they are doing. 

C There is no more important field for 
witnessing for Christ than just where 
you are. The member who cannot speak 
for Christ, be loyal to his banner on the 
home field, is of little use should he be 
sent to the foreign field. Indeed it takes 
more talent to preach the word in a 
foreign land than at home. 

C In ordering the Visitor for 1910 in 
accord with the special terms to min- 
isters Bro. Jesse Emmert writes thus : — 
I hope that every other minister will ask 
for it and that every home in the brother- 
hood will have access to it throughout the 
years to come. It always comes to me 
as a personal letter from those who are 
in the thick of the fight against wrong 
and who are in dead earnest to spread 
the goodness of the Christ to all the 
world. Long live the Visitor." 

C At Reubens, Idaho, the children of the 
Sunday school instead of expecting a 
treat voted to use that money towards 
supporting an orphan in India. They 
did not quite raise the amount but the 
other part of the school joined in the 
projects and the offering was an occasion 
of unusual rejoicing for the whole school. 

THE PROGRAM OF THE WORLD 
MISSIONARY CONFERENCE. 

(Continued from Page 4.) 

galleries to the number of about a thous- 
and. The morning and afternoon ses- 
sions of the Conference will be given to 



44 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
January 



the reports of the eight Commissions and 
the discussions thereon. These reports, 
each of which will make a large volume 
when printed, deal with questions of the 
administration and prosecution of mis- 
sionary work among non-Christian peo- 
ples ; such as forces necessary fully to 
occupy all fields ; the native church and 
native workers, education, the most 
effective form of the Christian message 
to the various classes of non-Christians ; 
the preparation of missionaries; the de- 
velopment of the resources of the home 
churches; the relation of missionaries to 
governments ; co-operation and unity 
among the various missions. Each com- 
mission is to present to the Conference, 
through its chairman, its findings, with a 
statement of the evidence on which they 
are based, and discussion is to follow un- 
der such regulations as will insure intel- 
ligent and profitable treatment. The re- 
ports and the discussions will be expert 
contributions to the subjects with which 
they deal, and will cover the field of mis- 
sionary enterprise as it never has been 
covered before. 

The evening meetings are to be of a 
more popular character and men of high 
place in Church, and in professional and 
public life, and of recognized power on 
the platform, are to speak. Representa- 
tives from England and Scotland, several 
countries of Europe, India, China and 
Japan, and the" United States are on the 
list, man)' of whom are of world-wide 
reputation. 

The topics are as follows : 

Tuesday evening, June 14th ; The Mis- 
sionary Enterprise Central in the Life of 
the Church; Christ the Leader of the 
Missionary Enterprise. Two addresses. 

Wednesday evening, June 15th; Chris- 
tianity the Final and Universal Religion. 
Two addresses. 

Thursday evening. June 16th ; The 
Missions of the Early Church in their 
bearing on the Modern Missionary 
Enterprise ; Medieval Missions in their 
bearing of Modern Missionary Enter- 
prise. Two addresses. 



Friday evening, June 17th; The Ex- 
tent and Characteristics of German Mis- 
sions ; The Contribution of Holland and 
Scandinavia to the Missionary Enter- 
prise. Three addresses. 

Saturday evening, June 18th ; Changes 
in the Character of the Missionary Prob- 
lem in Recent years ; (a) in the Far East ; 
(b) in India; (c) among Puritanical and 
Backward peoples. Three addresses. 

Sunday evening, June 19th ; The Duty 
of Christian Nations ; the contribution of 
non-Christian Races to the Body of 
Christ. Two addresses. 

Monday evening, June 20th; The 
Problem of Co-operation between For- 
eign and Native Workers. Two of the 
three speakers on this subject will prob- 
ably be native Christians from Asiatic 
fields. Three addresses. 

Tuesday evening, June 21st; The De- 
mands made on the Church by the Mis- 
sionary Enterprise. Three addresses. 

Wednesday evening, June 22nd; The 
Sufficiency of God. Two addresses. 

Thursday evening, June 23rd ; Will be 
the closing meeting. 

While the sessions of the Conference 
and evening meetings are in progress in 
Assembly Hall, Synod Hall, which also 
accommodates about 2000 people, will be 
occupied with parallel meetings. The 
Conference will busy itself mainly with 
questions arising in the conduct of mis- 
sionary work in the field ; the meetings in 
Synod Hall will be of a more popular 
character and will consider the mission- 
ary problem as it affects the Home 
Church — the collection and disbursement 
of funds ; the selection and appointment 
of missionaries, the training of the young 
in missionary knowledge ; developing the 
resourses of the Church, inspiring the 
laity to seek thorough information re- 
specting missionary work, etc. It is in- 
tended to make these meetings, morning, 
afternoon and evening, of special service 
to ministers and laymen. The speakers 
will be men and women well qualified to 
give inspiring and instructive addresses. 



January 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



45 



Financial Report 



FORM OF LEGACY.— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thi General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor,' — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will' 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR NOVEMBER, 1909. 



Nov. 

1908 

World-Wide, $1,202 43 

India, 167 04 

Brooklyn, 15 50 

Miscellaneous, 52 94 

$1,437 91 
Bicentennial, 



Nov. 


Apr.-Nov. 


1909 


1908 


$1,791 51 


$ 5,725 16 


458 25 


2,255 35 




225 52 


57 55 


287 07 



Apr.-Nov. Inc. 
1909 
$17,684 81 $11,959 65 
2,809 86 554 61 



Dec. 



504 24 



217 17 



$ 225 52 



$2,307 31 



$39,673 33 
31,180 23 



$20,998 91 



$18,674 32 
31,180 23 



$1,437 91 $2,307 31 

During the Month of November the Breth- 
ren's General Mission Board sent out 167,133 
pages of tracts. 

CORRECTION. 

There has been transferred from the World- 
wide Fund $50 to the India Native Workers 
Fund and $109.37 to the China Hilton Fund. Al- 
so there has been transferred to the World-wide 
Fund $20 from China Mission Fund. This 
decreases the World-wide Fund $139.37 and 
China Mission Fund $20.00. 

The General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren acknowledges the following 
donations for November, 1909: 

WORLD-WIDE MISSIONS. 
Indiana — $340.42. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Rock Bun, $43.54; Turkey Creek, 
$26; Springfield, $23; Pine Creek, 
$17.19; West Goshen, $11.78; North 

Liberty, $7.02; Walnut, $6 $ 134 53 

Individuals. 

S. B. Reppert and wife, $6; Per- 
melia Greenwood, $3; U. R. and Kath- 
erine Young, $2; Addie Olinger, $1.50; 
Walter Swihart (Marriage Notice), 
50 cents; Wm. Hess (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents 13 50 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Bachelor's Run, $28.87; Clear Creek, 
$14.10; Somerset, $6.59; Pipe Creek, 

$2.35, 51 91 

Christian Workers. 

Flora, 4 04 

Individuals. 

J. E. Miller, $100; Mrs. Eliz. Reiff, 

$1; Francis A. Crill, $1, 102 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek, 6 94 

Individuals. 

Austin Himes, $20; Jacob Culler, 
$5; James A. Byer and wife, $2; 



$ 8,493 10 $20,998 91 $12,731 43 

John W. Root (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, $ 27 50 

Illinois — $257.3 1 . 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $66.29; Rock River, 
$38.50; Yellow Creek, $28.39; Elgin, 
$21.68; Chicago, $10.50; Mt. Carroll, 

$6, 171 36 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Mary Gnagey, $10; J. S. Rod- 
effer and wife, $10; Cyrus Miller, $5; 
E. P. Trostle, $5; A. R. Rodeffer, $2; 
A Sister, $2; Sarah Boyer, $1; Sally 

Kimmel, $1, 36 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek, $13.75; Astoria, $13; 

Mulberry Grove, $5.20 31 95 

Individuals. 

Hannah Wirt, $5; James Wirt, $5; 
Sister B. S. Kindig, $2; H. J. Berkey, 
$2; Lydia Bucher, $1; M. D. Hershey 
and wife, $1; Sarah C. Mallory, $1; 

Mrs. R. A. Forney, $1 18 00 

Pennsylvania— -$193.79. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

D. G. Hendricks, $25; E. M. Weng- 
er, (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, .... 25 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Marsh Creek 6 02 

Individuals. 

Solomon Strauser, $3; Receipt No. 
11080, $2.33; A Sister, Lost Creek, $1; 
Nora V. Sieber, $1; A Sister, 50 cents; 
W. I. Sheaffer (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; D. H. Baker (Marriage Notice), 

50 cents, 8 83 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary A. Kinsey, $10; Mrs. Hannah 
Puderbaugh, $3; Susannah Rouzer, $2; 

A Sister, $1, 16 00 

Western District, Congregations. 

Scalp Level, $35; Meyersdale, 
$18.98; Elk Lick, $10.86; Montgomery, 



4G 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



53 


00 


2 


00 


27 


74 


77 


46 


5 


00 


1 


25 



$4.60; Greenville, $1.50, $ 70 94 

Individuals. 

A Brother and family, $25; Harriet 
Reed, $20; O. W. Reed, $10; M. C. 
Horner and family, $5; J. W. Rummel, 
$2; Harry E. Asche, $1; G. W. Zim- 
merman, $1; Amanda Roddy, $1; Alice 
A Roddy, $1; Levi Rogers (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents, 6650 

Missouri — $192.95. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Rockingham, 

Individual. 

Emma Schildkneckt, 

Middle District, 

District Meeting Collection, 

Congregations. 

Mound, $37.31; Mineral Creek, $20; 
Warrensburg, $15.15; Centerview, $5, 
Individuals. 

D. Bowman and wife, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Dry Pork, 

Individuals. 

C. W. Gitt, $25; Mrs. D. H. Samp- 
ler, $1; Annie A. Wampler, 50 cents, 26 50 
Ohio — $142.00. 
Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother, $3.50; Cyrus Young and 
wife, $2; Mrs. Clara A. Holloway, 
$1.50; Julia Schrantz, $1; Mrs. W. M. 
Mohn, $1; S. M. Friend (Marriage 
Notice), 50 cents; Myrtle A. Hollo- 
way, 50 cents 10 00 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 
Greenspring, $25.50; Sugar Creek, 
$18.57; Lick Creek, $17.60; Logan, 

$12.25 73 92 

Individuals. 

Lydia Pried, $4; Blanche Dodge, 
$2; John A. Trackler, $1; Abednego 
Miller (Marriage Notice), 50 cents; 
David Byerly (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, 8 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 
Salem, $22.02; Hickory Grove, 

$11.56, 33 58 

Individuals. 

A Brother's Birthday Offering, 
West Milton, $10; Joseph and Mary 
Groff, $5; Mrs. Isaac Inboden, $1; 
Ezra Flory (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, 16 50 

Virginia — 3123.51. 

First District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 6 00 

Individual. 

Mrs. Catharine Bays, $53.50; A Sis- 
ter (Coulson Congregation, $1; Martha 

A Riner, $1, 55 50 

Second District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Valley, $27.03; Cedar 
Grove — Flat Rock, $15.13; Sangervil- 

le, $13.35 

Individuals. 

B. C. Moomaw, $5; Janie Driver, 

$1.50, 

Kansas — $94.86. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Ramona, $20; Ozawkie, $7.30 

Individuals. 

Susan Cochran, $1; Mrs. John Shoe- 
maker, 50 cents, 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 
Monitor, $29.32; McPherson, $28.02; 

Kansas Center, $7.72 

Individuals. 

Tena Glathart, 

North Dakota — $80.68. 
Congregations. 

Ray, $11.30; Rock Lake, $11 

Sunday Schools. 

Kenmare, $11.57; Prairie Home, 

$6.81, 

Individuals. 

A Brother and family, $25; J. B. 
Deardorff, $10; D. Warren Shock, $1.50 
Ella Z. Row, James River Cong. $1; 
Elder John Deal (Marriage Notice), 
$1; Mary C. Henricks, $1; Geo. K. Mil- 
ler (Marriage Notice), 50 cents 40 00 

Iowa — $64.10. 

Northern District, Congregation. 



55 


51 


6 


50 


27 


30 


1 


60 


65 


06 


1 


00 


22 


30 


18 


38 



15 


50 


11 


50 


12 


00 


2 


50 



3 50 

38 97 

20 00 

50 04 
48 60 

11 00 

26 00 
8 00 



Greene, $ 19 10 

Individuals. 

David Brallier and family, $10; S. 
Hershey, $5; J. H. Rolston (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Brooklyn, 

Individuals. 

E. F. Caslow, $5; Anna Caslow, 
$4; Mrs. Anna Eben, $1.50; Minnie 
Caslow, $1; S. B. Miller (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Fairview, 

Individuals. 

Homer F. Caskey, $3; L. M. Kob 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 

Michigan— $58.97. 
Congregations. 

Woodland, $22.50; Sunfield, $8.21; 
New Haven, $4.50; Crystal, $3.76, .. 
Individuals. 

Receipt No. 11169, $10; C. G. Petry 
and wife, $5; Mr. and Mrs. A. Rep- 
pert, $4; Vina Huff, $1, 

Nebraska— -$51 .04. 
Congregations. 

Bethel, $23.30; Omaha Mission, 
$10.80; Lincoln, $9.10; Kearney, $7.84 
Texas — $48.60. 
Congregations. 

Manvel, $45.60; Saginaw, $3 

Marylan.d-^$45.-00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

"Mt. Airy, Md." $10; Miss Eugenie 
Beachley, 50 cents; J. S. Geiser (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents, 

Middle District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $20; John D. Beackley, 
$5; John S. Bowlus (Marriage Notice), 

$1 

Western District, Individuals. 

John A. Merrill and wife, $5; H. H. 

Baker, $3, 

Tennessee — -S37.25, 
Individuals. 

Geo. Anderson, $19.50; B. T. Har- 
ris, $10; Rachel Gross, $3; Mary E. 
Spangle, $1; N. D. Home, $1; Mrs. 
Annie A. Nine, $1; Mrs. M. M. Fine, 
50 cents; Maggie Satterfield, 45 cents; 
A. H. Duncan, 25 cents; Frank Fine, 
25 cents; Geo. Pine, 10 cents; Riley 
Pine, 10 cents; J. G. Fine, 10 cents, . . 
Louisiana— $18.65. 
Congregation. 

Roanoke and Friends, 

West Virginia — $11.00. 
First District. 
Individuals. 

Eliza Hilkey, $5; B. F. Wratchford 

and family, $5; J. W. Nelson, $1 

Oklahoma— $8.10. 
Individuals. 

Joshua and Hannah M. Brown, 

$4.10; E. E. Smith, $4, 

California — $6.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Philip Landis and wife, $1; Levi 
Whisler (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
Southern District, Individual. 

Belinda Riley, 

Montana — $3.00. 
Individual. 

Receipt No. 11172, 

Canada — $3.00. 
Individual. 

Mrs. A. J. Swingle, 

Minnesota— $2.75. 
Individuals. 

Isaac Petty, $2.25; Jacob Wirt 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents '. . 

Oregon— $2.00. 
Individual. 

Anna R. Hyatt, 

Idaho — $1.53. 
Individuals. 

Lizzie Greene, $1; Mrs. Ida M. 

Prantz, 53 cents, 

Colorado — $1 .50. 
Individuals. 

Mrs. W. T. Brumbaugh, $1; Mary 
A. Teager, 50 cents 



37 25 
18 65 



11 00 



8 10 



1 


50 


5 


00 


3 


00 


3 


00 


2 


75 


2 


00 



1 53 



1 50 



January 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



47 



Washington — $1.00. 

Individual. 

J. J. Filbrun $ 100 

"Wisconsin — $1.00. 
Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Zollers 1 00 

Unknown — $1.00. 

Total for the Month $ 1,791 51 

Previously reported, 16,032 67 

Total for the year so far .$17,824 18 

Less amounts transferred from 
A. M. Collection to other 

funds, .$ 139 37 

Total, $17,684 81 

INDIA ORPHANAGE, 
Oklahoma — $144.00. 
Individuals. 

J. F. Sanger, $128; Ida McAvoy, 

$16, $ 144 00 

Indiana — $58.00. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Goshen City 1100 

Individual. 

"K. K." 10 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Eel River 5 00 

Southern District. 

Ottie Rinehart's S. S. Class, Pour 

Mile Congregation 32 00 

Ohio — $40.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Maple Grove, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Brookville 20 00 

Pennsylvania, — $39.73. 
Southern District. 

Shanks Sewing Circle, $10; Hunts- 
dale Class in the corner, $5, 15 00 

Western District, Congregation. 

Meyersdale, 14 73 

Individual. 

M. W. Reed 10 00 

Nebraska- — $20.00. 
Individuals. 

A. J. Nickey and wife, 20 00 

Illinois — $20.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Cerro Gordo, 20 00 

Kan s as — $ 5 .42 . 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

McPherson Primary Department, . . 5 42 

Oregon— $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Newberg ._. 5 00 

Total for the month, ..$ 332 15 

Previously received, . 1,982 62 

Total for year so far, ; . . $2,314 77 

INDIA MISSION. 
Kansas — $77.05. 

Southeastern District, $ 77 05 

Ohio— $22.05. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Fostoria, $12.05; Portage, $10 22 05 

Washington — $10.00. 
Individual. 

H. H. Johnson, 10 00 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

- A Sister, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

A friend, 5 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 
Individual. 

Anna R. Hyatt 1 00 

Wisconsin — $1.00. 
Individuals. 

J. E. Zollers and wife, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 12110 

Previously reported, 338 09 

Total for year so far, .$ 459 19 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME, 
West Virginia^ — $5.00. 

First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey ■$ 5 00 

Previously received $ 5 00 

Total for the month 5 00 

Amount on hand for year so far $ 10 00 



CHINA MISSION. 

Congregation. 

Fairview $ 15 50 

Penns ylvania — $1 2 .00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. G. Reber and family 12 00 

Ohio — $6.00. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

John Snyder, 100 

Southern District, Individuals. 

J. R. and Maggie B. Halladay 5 00 

West Virginia, — $2.00. 
Second District, Individual. 

Cora Shaffer, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 35 50 

Previously received, 314 85 

Total for the year so far $ 350 35 

CHURCH EXTENSION. 
Washington — $10.00. 
Individual. 

H. H. Johnson, $ 10 00 

Ohio — $3.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

John A. Trackler, 3 00 

Oklahoma — $2. 05. 
Individual. 

Julia Fisher, 2 05 

Total for the month, $ 15 05 

Previously received, 55 75 

Total for the year so far, $ 70 80 

COLORED MISSION. 
Illinois — $1.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

A Sister, $ 1 00 

Total for the month $ 1 00 

Previously received, 16 91 

Total for year so far, $ 17 91 

CUBA MISSION. 
Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Turkey Creek, $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania, — $1.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Hannah Smith, 100 

Total for the month $ 6 00 

Previously received, 25 59 

Total for year so far $ 31 59 

BRETHREN SUNDAY-SCHOOL ETENSION 
OP CHICAGO. 

The following contributions have been re- 
ceived by the Extension during the months 
of October and November. Unless donations 
were specified for the Building Fund they were 
placed in the General Fund. See if yours is 
where you wanted it to be used. 
BUILDING- FUND. 

California. — M. P. Marshburn, Orange, 
$16.75; Jacob Witmore, El Centro, $5. Total, 
$21.75. Illinois. — Bethany Bible School, Chi- 
cago, $3.89; Mary Smith (blind), Chicago, $5; 
F. H Lyon, Hudson, $8.10; Kathryn Barkdoll, 
Batavia S. S., $2.50; Extension No. 2, Chicago, 
$123.20. Total, $142.69. Indiana. — Grace Huff- 
man, New Paris, $16.03; Katie Neher, Flora, 
$11.68; Emma Rupel, Walkerton, $4; A. H 
Brallier, Orland, $2.25; Frank Markley, Bour- 
bon, $2.15; Mary A. Lammadee, North Liberty, 
$9.00; M. E. Pherigo, Nebraska, $1; Galen G. 
Bollinger, Middlebury, $9; Geo. C. Bowman, 
Shipshewana, $7.26; Clee D. Tounce, Syracuse, 
$2.56; J. H. Jellison, Vincennes, $6; Jesse M. 
Fairburn, Roann, $16.26; Jacob H. Miller, Lake- 
ton, $7. Total, $94.19. Iowa. — E. F. Caselow, 
Yale, $2.50; Feme Miller, Fredericksburg, 
$13.60; R. E. Rilea, Ireton, $2.45; H. Roy Book, 
Adel, $43.; Mary C. Myers, Greene, $6.47; Mrs. 
Zena B. Ott, Panora, $6; Laura E. Hoffert, 
Marshalltown, $2.83; C. E. Kimmel, Sheldon, 
$8.25; Mamie Sink, Lenox, $19.36; Bertha M. 
Wise, Dallas Center, $25; Jennie B. Miller, 
Robins, $14.89. Total, $144.35. Kansas. — 



48 



The Missionary Visitor 



January 
1910 



Frank Hoover, Sabetha, $11; Mrs. John Eisen- 
bise, Morrill, $4; O. S. Sweitzer, Webber, $3.20. 
Total, $18.20. Maryland. — H. H. Baker, Grants- 
ville, $3; J. Walter Englar, New Windsor, $4.40. 
Total, $7.40. Michigan. — Ruth Wagaman, 
Woodland, $15. Minnesota. — Bessie L. Stand- 
ofer, Worthington, $6.32. Missouri. — E. W. 
Traeey, Collins, $5.45. Nebraska. — Geo. E. 
Hardnock, Alvo, $1; Alice Lichty, Carleton, 
$6. Total, $7. North Dakota. — G. I. Michael 
and family, Kenmare, $5; E. S. Petry, Berthold, 
$6. Total, $11. Ohio. — Claude Coppock, Tip- 
pecanoe City, $11.24; L. Noff singer, Defiance, 
$8; R. E. Wagoner, Bradford, $6.50; L. V. 
Rodabaugh, Williamstown, $12.28; P. M. 
Eberly, Old Fort, $15.17; J. R. Beal, Ankeny- 
town, $5; Esther Dishong, Deshler, $9.05; Mrs. 
Minnie Jacobs, Lima, $4.86; Gordie E. Snyder, 
Belief ontaine, $2. Total, $74.10. Oklahoma. — • 
H. H. Ritter, Crescent, $3.75. Pennsylvania. 
— Mrs. N. A. Fyock, Arcadia, $2.85; Henry 
Sweitzer, New Freedom, $4; E. W. Hollopeter, 
Rockton, $2; Grace Hahn, Hanover, $1.50; E. 
L. Fyock. Lovejoy, $5; J. W. Rummel, Hols- 
opple, $11.50; Ina P. Miller, Bakers Summit, 
$1.50. Total, $28.35. Virginia. — P. S. Thomas, 
Harrisonburg, $1; J. F. Wilcox, Vienna, $5.65. 
Total, $6.65. Washington. — Elsie Aschenbren- 
ner, Spokane, $12. West Virginia. — Jacob S. 
Zigler, Gatewood, $10. 

GENERAL FUND. 
California. — S. D. G. Anderson and family, 
Covina, $5; C. J. Brandt, Covina, $10. Total, 
$15. Illinois. — Ed. C. Strassburg, Chicago, 
$0.70; Mae Eichelberger, Naperville, $6.75; 
Chas. W. Cosey, Sterling, $2.14; J. C. Light- 
cap, Mansfield, $5.81; Extension No. 2, Chi- 
cago, $0.95. Total, $16.35. Indiana. — Andrew 
Wagoner, Delphi, $4; B. J. Miller, Nappanee, 
$8.27; William E. Angle, Bringhurst, $6.40; 
Wm. Brubaker, Elkhart, $3.83; Wm. Weaver, 
Plymouth, $4.10; Mary Replogle, Hagerstown, 
$4.32; E S. Metzger, Peru, $0.25; Wm. E. 
Garl, Plymouth, $3.44; Edward W. Ulery, Nap- 
panee, $10.75; Lydia Gump, Churubusco, $4.15; 
Mrs. W. H. Staley, South Bend, $1; E. C. Mil- 
ler, South Bend, $5; C. M. Wenger, South Bend, 
$1; Pearl Jackson, South Bend, $2; Chas. 
Heaston, Huntington, $13.01. Total, $71.52. 
Iowa. — S. A. Miller, South English, $3.76: Car- 
rie Beal,, Maxwell, $3.02; Samuel Fike, Water- 
loo, $35; John A. Robinson, Muscatine, $5.46; 
Dora Heatwole, Brooklyn, $7.75. Total, $54.99. 
Kansas. — Katie Tost, Peabody, $1; Julia Mohl- 
er, Quinter, $8.39; J. N. Dresher, Lyons, $5; 
Sister J. J. Meyers, Morrill, $3; J. W. Jarboe, 
Quinter. $1.50; J. S. Strickler, Ramona, $5; 
E. D. Replogle, Cottonwood Falls, $1 . Total, 
$24.89. Maryland. — Mrs. Sam Jennings, 
Brownsville, $1; F. B. Otto, Sharpsburg, $5.72; 
Mrs. J. P. Harshbarger, Ridgely, $2. Total, 
$8.72. Michigan. — Mrs. M. M. Sadler, Onekama, 
$3; Ruby Smith, Clarksville, $6.48. Total, 
$9.48. Louisiana. — Lucy Kenniston, Jennings, 
$5.26. Minnesota. — Martin Ogg, Ramey, $0.95; 
H. W. Tingst, Hancock, $3.15. Total, $4.10. 
Nebraska. — Oscar Stern, Arcadia, $4.84; Mar- 
garet Burkholder, Octavia, $5. Total, $10.44. 
North Dakota. — Jacob Burkholder, Ellison, 
$14.83; C. O. Dierdorff, Surrey, $11.50; Jacob 
Schwartz. Kenmare, $17.75; U. T. Forney, Ege- 
land, $5.43. Total, $49.51. Ohio. — C. G. Er- 
baugh, New Lebanon, $7; Wm. A. Brubaker, 
Eaton, $2.53; H. E. Kilmer, Spencer, $4; J. L. 
Yoder, Belief ontaine, $7.11; Caleb Garst, Eaton, 
$3; Mrs. Fern Koogler, Lima. $6.05. Total, 
$29.69. Oklahoma. — J. A. Byerly, Coyle, $9.00. 
Pennsylvania. — Ira Betchtel, Martinburg, $5; 
Banks Moist, Lewistown, $1.67; Aaron R. Gib- 
ble, Ephrata, $2: Maggie Shellenberger, Mc- 
Clure, $1.50; C. E. Martin, Mercersburg, $4.38; 
Pearl Brubaker, Duncansville, $8.90; D. K. Du- 
muth, Carlisle, $3.50; Milton Basehore,, Her- 
shey, $4.50; Mrs. Jos. Brindle, Roaring Springs, 
$1. Total. $32.45. Idaho. — Cecil E. Flory, 
Winchester. $3.80. New Mexico. — H. Frank 
Wampler, Miami, $6.30. Virginia. — S. E. Lew- 
i's. Taylors Valley, $2.14; J. H. Goughenour, 
Waynesboro, Barren Ridge S. S., $3.50 and 
Class No. 4 investments, $2.50. Total, $8.14. 
"Washington.— J. U. G. Stiverson, Tacoma, 
$1.69. West Virginia. — Mary Wolf, Morgan- 
town, $1.35. 



Grand Total for the Building Fund for 
October and November, $612.20. 

Grand Total for the General Fund for Oc- 
tober and November, $349.67. 

OUR COUNTRY COUSINS. 

We give here the names of the children who 
have been reported as taking part in the dona- 
tions above reported and the amount each 
gave. 

California, Macdoel. — Helen Early, $1.45; 
Warren and Roy Miller, $0.20; Frank Glick, 
$0.20; Natra Madden, $0.25; Jennie Nasan, 
$0.60; Ora Hipes, $0.20; Emelin Cook, $0.25; 
Merritt Perry, $0.10; Sylvia S. Goddard, $0.50; 
Iva Nine, $1; Two Huffman children, $0.50; 
Tegarden, $1; Enid Early, $2; Holden Sisters, 
$1; Grace Moore, $0.50; Ethel Miller, $0.50; 
Gladys and Lucile Moore, each $2; Pauline 
Hufford, $0.50; Leland Early, $0.25; Huber 
Gilbert, $0.20; Clyde Gilbert, $0.05. Total, 
$15.25. Indiana, Huntington. — Mark, Pearl and 
Ollie Heaston, each $1.75; Martha Moss, $1; 
Ralph Zook, $1.76; Howard Schultz, $1.25; 
Virgil Fridley, $1.50; Ancel Cecil, $0.25. Total, 
$11.01. New Paris. — Bertha and Otis Cripe, 
each $1; Martha and George Cripe, each $0.50; 
Marie James, $2.; Delta, Harley and Lucile 
Conrad, each $1; Harold Black, $1; Vera and 
Bernice Peters, each $1. Total, $11. Penn- 
sylvania, Henrietta. — Jesse Hoover, $0.50; Ir- 
vin Frederick, $0.50; Johnie Kensinger, $0.50; 
Elvin Brumbaugh, $2.00. Total, $3.50. Ohio, 
Alvordton. — Bernice Clay, $1; Bertha Clay, 
$0.25; J. Throne, $0.25; Lena Throne, $0.50; 
Lela Moyer, $0.60; Elgin, Glen, Dale and Ruth 
Moyer, each $0.50. Total, $4.60. Illinois, 
Palestine. — Ruth and Ross Swinger, chickens, 
each $3.90; Lura Swinger, chickens, $2; Rus- 
sel Fitzpatrick, chickens, $3.33; Joe Weller, 
chickens, $2; Hazel Dry, chickens, $1; Gleason 
and Inez Colliflower, sweet potatoes, each $0.20; 
Elma Reynolds, dime returned. Total, $18.50. 

1811 So. Clifton Park Ave. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treas. 

Denver, Colo., Dec. 5, 1909. Amount of 
money received by the Church of the Brethren 
toward the completion of the Brethren's 
churchhouse in Denver, Colo., from October 1, 
1909, to December 1, 1909. 

Calvin A. Huber, Goshen, Ind., $5; John 
Schull, Grenola, Kans., $25; W. F. Forney, 
Egeland, N. Dak., $5; Mary Bodel, Denver Colo., 
$5; Jacob Schwarty, Kenmare, N. Dak., $5; 
A. R. Anderson, Berthold, N. Dak., $1; Sher- 
man Hines, Frederick, Okla., $1; Photograph 
of building sold, 50 cents; J. M. Higgason, 
Cordell, Okla., $2; O. R. Lerdy, Starkweather, 
N. Dak., $5; Elizabeth Sink, Brumbaugh, N. 
Dak., $5; W. S. Sink, Brumbaugh, N. Dak., $5; 
The Egan Printing Co., Denver, Colo., $1; H. 
L. Tingling Sunday-school Class, Baltimore, 
Md., $1; D. W. Teeter, Jasper, Mo., $2.50; 
W. A. Deardorff, Ellison, N. Dak., $5; E. L. 
Kennedy and wife, Eldora, Iowa, $5; Ellen 
Kauffman, Williston, N. Dak., $2; Mary E. 
Kauffman, Williston, N. Dak., $5; W. W. and 
E. J. Keltner, Williston, N. Dak., $10; Jonas 
Beeghly, Zion, N. Dak., $5; S. H. Beeghly, Zion, 
N. Dak., $5; W. F. Lines, Rocklake, N. Dak., 
$10; Mrs. Anna Switzer, Mt. Carroll, 111., $1; 
Manuel Bollinger, Cando, N. Dak., $2; Geo. C. 
Long, Zion, N. Dak., $25; Emeline and H. F. 
Kenepp, Brumbaugh, N. Dak., $3; J. F. Byer, 
Egeland, N. Dak., $10; Mrs. Isadore Ruth- 
rauff, Redfield, Kans., $2; Thos. J. Barnhart, 
Egeland, N. Dak., $1; Geo. M. Rarich, Tork, 
N. Dak., $5; D. J. Wolfe, Newville, N. Dak., 
$5; W. W. Forney, Egeland, N. Dak., $1; L. P. 
Dusuring, Denbigh, N. Dak., $1; Benjamin 
Frank, Williston, N. Dak., $10; Abram Miller, 
Williston, N. Dak., $5; Chas. Ronk, Perth N. 
Dak., $3; Virgil Vancil, Tork. N. Dak., $5; D. 
Warren Shock, Tork. N. Dak., $5; J. M. Deeter, 
Surrey, N. Dak., $5; G. O. Leckrone, Denbigh, 
$1; Photograph of building sold, 50 cents. 
Total, $206.50. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary-Treasurer, Building 
and Fund Committee. 

165 So. Clarkson St., Denver, Colo. 



Brethren's Tracts and Pamphlets 

In the following list the one-page tracts are for free distribution. They are 
nearly all envelope size, very convenient, and intended to arouse interest, in which 
case inquiry will be made for larger tracts. The larger tracts may be had either 
through tract coupons which are given on the basis of ten per cent of any dona- 
tion sent to the General Committee, or as given below. 

Numbers having "E" before them means the tract is published in envelope 
size, 3%x5y 2 inches. AH others are pages S^x? 1 /^ inches. "G" following the num- 
ber means the tract is published in the German, " S " in the Swedish and " D " in 
the Danish languages. 

Order by number. 

Prices given herein are by the hundred. Less quantities at the same rate. 



One-Page Tracts 

E302, The Lighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 

£303. Why Am I Not a Christian? S. W. 
Hoover. 

E304. Christian Baptism. B. F. Moomaw. 

E305. Trine Argument for Trine Immersion. 

£306. Feet-Washing-. J. H. Moore. 

E307. Lord's Supper. J. H. Moore. 

E308. Close Communion. I. J. Rosenberger. 

E309. Salutation. J. H. Moore. 

E3I1. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
berger. 

E312. Gold and Costly Array. S. W. 
Hoover. 

E313. Christian Giving 1 . I. J. Rosenberger. 

E314. Modern Skepticism. I. J. Rosen- 
berger. 

E315. Christ and War. D. Vaniman. 

ES16. Secret Societies. 

E319. The Old Way of Baptizing 1 . W. B. 
Stover. 

E320. Are You Prepared to Die? James A. 
Sell. 

E321. The Blessing's of Divine Association. 
Adaline Beery. 

E322. Infant Baptism. I. Bennett Trout. 

E323. Helping Jesus. D. Vaniman. 
324. Saturday or Sunday, Which? 

E325. The Ministry of Sorrow. James A. 
Sell. 

E326. The Judgment. S. N. McCann. 

E327. Stop and Think. D. Vaniman. 

E328. Secret Prayer. 

E329. The Importance of Church Member- 
ship. D. Hays. 

E330. Spirituality. 

E331. A Pew Open Questions. Andrew 
Hutchison. 

Four-Page Tracts 

This Series 25 Cents Per Hundred. 

270. Atoning Blood of Christ. C. Hope. 

271. Design of Baptism. W. B. Stover. 

272. What Shall I Do With the Com- 
mandments of Jesus? J. E. Miller. 

273. Close Communion Examined. I. J. 
Rosenberger. 

274. Christian Giving. I. J. Rosenberger. 

275. Are Christians Allowed to Swear? 
S. Z. Sharp. 

276. Anointing. L. W. Teeter. 

E277. The Safe Church Docteine. L. W. 

Teeter. 
E278. Standard of Nonconformity. Daniel 

Hays. 
E279. Three Links of Oddfellowship. I. J. 

Rosenberger. 
E280. Organization of the Church. B. E. 

Kesler. 
E281. How and Whom to Baptize. Daniel 

Hays. 



E282. The Second Coining of Christ. 

E283. The Gospel Door Into the Church. 

E284. Why We Should Speak of Secret So- 
cieties. 

E285. Secret Societies and the Word of 
God. 

Eight-Page Tracts 

This Series 50 Cents Per Hundred. 

101. Why I Love My Church. W. B. 
Stover. 

102. Which Is the Right Church? S. T. 
Carpenter. 

103. Come, Let Us Reason Together. 
(Tobacco Tract.) D. L. Miller. 

104. Communion. H. C. Early. 

105^ The Bible Service of Feet-Washing. 
Landon West. 
E106. The House We Live In. D. Vaniman. 

107. Origin of Single Immersion. James 
Quinter. 

108. Intemperance. Jacob Rife. 
E109. The Lighthouse. A. TV Vaniman. 

110. Vocal and Instrumental Music in 
Worship. I. J. Rosenberger. 
Elll. Plain Dressing. D. L. Miller. 
El 12. Prayer Covering. S. N. McCann. 

113. Christian Salutation. Salome A. 
(Stoner) Myers. 

114. Modern Skepticism in the Camp. 
I. J. Rosenberger. 

E115. The Lord's Supper. D. L. Miller. 

116. Woman's Work. Sadie Brallier Noff- 
singer. 

117. Our Standard of Religion: What Is 
It? D. Hays. 

118. Sisters' Prayer Covering. S Z. 
Sharp. 

E119. The Dual Crucifixion. L. W. Teeter. 



Pamphlets 



41. Christian Baptism. D. C. Moomaw, 
16 pp., $0.90. 
E 42. The Church of the Brethren. D. L. 
Miller, $0.70. 

43. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
berger, 11 pp.. $0.70. * 

44. Trine Immersion. J. H Moore. 52 
pp., $2. SO. 

45. Path of Life. Daniel Hays, 36 pp., 
$2.15. 

46. The Sabbath or Lord's Day. I. J. 
Rosenberger, 28 pp., $1.75. 

47. Perfect Plan of Salvation. J. H. 
Moore, 25 pp., $1.60. 

48. Secret Societies Incompatible with 
Christianity. I. J. Rosenberger. 17 
pp.. $1.10. 

49. One Baptism. J. H. Moore, 42 pp., 
$2.35. 

E 50. Baptism, — Historical and Exegetical. 
Quincy Leckrone, E. 48 pp., $1.10. 



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General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 



The New Testament 
Commentary 

By Lewis W. Teeter. One 
volume. 

The Commentary contains 
the entire text of the New Tes- 
tament in both versions with 
references and marginal read- 
ings, several maps and a gazet- 
teer giving the meanings and 
pronunciation of the proper 
names. It is unevasive and im- 
partial in its explanations. It 
stands in the defense of the 
most apparent meaning of the 
text. It is a practical family 
reference book. 

Price, Cloth, $1.82 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING 
HOUSE 

Elgin, Illinois 



The Saloon 

Under the 

Searchlight 

By George R. Stuart 



A book of sixty-four pages. The best 
thing we have seen on this subject. A 
new book, dealing with an old question. 

Every minister of the Gospel will 
have occasion to use some of the argu- 
ments presented by Mr. Stuart, who 
turns the light on in full force and lets 
the reader see what a monster evil the 
liquor traffic is. 

There is enough in the book, if people 
can be induced to read it, to drive the 
saloon out of every village, town and 
city in the United States. 

Prices and Binding's. 

Paper, 20 cents 

Cloth, 35 cents 

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Cruden's Concordance 

to the Holy Scriptures of the 
Old and New Testaments 



For more than 
a century and a 
half this work has 
held first place as 
a complete con- 
cordance. 

No one who, in 
however humble a 
manner, under- 
takes the exposi- 
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of God, whether 
as ordained Min- 
ister, Lay Preach- 
er, Eva n g e 1 1 s t, 
City Missionary or 
Sunda y - s c h o o 1 
Teacher, should 
be without the assistance of a good con- 
cordance^ — one which, by its completeness, 
shall enable him, with the smallest amount 
of labor, and in the shortest time, to col- 
lect together all the scripture passages 
that serve to illustrate and enforce their 
subject. 

A SPECIAL FEATURE 
of this new edition of Cruden's is the RE- 
VISED TRANSLATION of PROPER 
NAMES, of the Old and New Testaments, 
with their meanings in the original lan- 
guages. 

Another special feature is the LARGE 
NUMBER OF SUGGESTIVE NOTES, pre- 
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present a most suggestive and complete 
synopsis of the topic, suggesting outlines 
for profitable sermons, Bible readings or 
private study. 

Bound in cloth. 757 pages. 
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BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, 

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How to Bring Men 
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By Rev. R. A. Torrey. Cloth, 
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Price postpaid 75 cents 

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■SSSS ^S • 88S8S » SSS8 



■■ ■ mam 




Vol. XII 



FEBRUARY, 1910 



t/"» 



No. 2 



STRONGER MEN. 

Oh, do not pray for easier lives; pray 
to be stronger men. Do not pray for easy 
tasks equal to your powers; pray for pow- 
ers equal to your tasks. Then the doing 
of your work shall be no miracle, but you 
shall be a miracle. Every day you shall 
wonder at yourself, at the riches of life 
which has come to you by the Grace of 
God. — Phillips Brooks. 



{*<&A 



WM 



m m wm 



Contents for February, 1910 

EDITORIAL COMMENT,— 73 

WORLD-WIDE,— 49 

THE ROCHESTER CONVENTION,— 51 

ESSAYS,— 

Agra Recollections, By E. H. Eby, -54 

A Chinese Funeral Procession, By Emma Horning, 56 

Nuggets of Gold from India's Mines, By A. W. Ross, 58 

Does the New Brethren Mission Need 'a Doctor? By Geo! W. Hilton 60 

Story of an Indian Widow, By Erne V, Long, 62 

The Foreign Missionary, By F. H. Crumpacker, 63 

Two View Points of a Vexed Question, 66 

Our Missionary Reading Circle, By John R, Snyder, 68 

THE LITTLE MISSIONARY,— 70 

FOR OUR MINISTERS,— .,.:'., 71 

FROM THE FIRING LINE,— 71 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 76 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOARD. REGULAR MEETINGS. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. a^elemU^^^^ ^ APrU ' ^^ 

H. C. EARLY, Perm Laird, Virginia. ■ ' Address all' communications to the 
L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN GENERAL MISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any •congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given bv one individual and in no way combined with another s gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family ma tr or more, ami tbscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 



Volume XII 



February, 1910 



Number 2 



WORLD WIDE 



The General Committee of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church asks their church 
to contribute during the present fiscal 
year $1,500,000. It is expected that of 
this ■ amount the Sunday schools of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church will con- 
tribute " A Million for Missions." 

In the South Sea Islands, a church 
was recently dedicated that is said to 
have cost some $7,000. To the surprise 
and joy of visiting missionaries it was 
found that the entire amount had been 
raised by the native people themselves. 
That they might raise a share of the 
money some of the young men worked 
. as laborers exiled from their islands for 
three years in order to give their earn- 
ings to the work. It seems that the mis- 
sionaries in Madagascar have a very dif- 
ficult lot. France is unrelenting in her 
persistent opposition to their work on 
that island. Children are taught in the 
government schools that Jesus Christ is 
a fiction and gatherings of more than '21 
in a private house are broken up and 
those present arrested and fined. 

During his African tour, ex-Presi- 
dent Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of 
the new school building at Kijabe, in 
connection with the Africa Inland Mis- 
sion, and spoke very highly of the work 
that this inter-denominational society is 
carrying on. <<€ 

With the death of King Leopold of 
Belgium, mission hearts are beating high 
for the future of the Congo. It is to be 
hoped that his successor, King Albert, 
will do much to undo the great wrongs 
and cruelties that have been perpetrated 
upon those peoples by his predecessor. 



It is a time in which all those who sym- 
pathize with wronged people should 
offer up prayers for the salvation of the 
Congo. 

Two natives with their wives have 
been sent out from India to> the Fiji 
Islands as missionaries. Their going was 
in response to a call for help from a 
native already spending his life there. 
Surely the native Christians are obeying 
the " Go ye " of Christ. 

The native girls of an Indian boarding 
school recently gave up fish and meat 
and lived on rice for a time in order that 
they might send $25 to the India famine 
fund. ) )))) y 

America's share of the non-Christian 
world is close to 600,000,000 souls and 
yet of these 450,000,000 are beyond the 
reach of our missionary force. The 
force is wholly inadequate for the needs. 

It is said that the 518 members of the 
three Covenanter churches of Phil- 
adelphia last year gave $7.25 per member 
for foreign missions and $3.00 per mem- 
ber for home missions last year. 

///// r 

There are two theories of the church, 
one that it is a fort, the other that it is 
an army of conquest. The real problem 
of evangelizing the world is not in India, 
China, Africa or South America, but 
here at home. There are 500 converts 
every day from heathenism to full mem- 
bership in the church. 

One congregation of the Methodist 
Church, with a membership of 238 last 
year gave $76.50 per capita for missions. 



50 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



Much enthusiasm is being aroused 
throughout this country and Canada over 
the success and work of the Laymen's 
Missionary Movement. It is highly 
significant in these days when laymen 
take such wonderful interest in the affairs 
of the kingdom. Business in religion and 
religion in business certainly can do won- 
ders for the promotion of the kingdom. 

A proclamation has recently been 
posted in the city of Kiating, China, com- 
mending the Christian religion that could 
produce Americans who after having the 
Chinese indemnity money practically in 
their hands, would return tens of thou- 
sands of dollars to the Chinese govern- 
ment without their asking it. 

At Christmas time the Salvation Army 
all over the country was the angel of 
mercy to thousands and thousands of 
poor homes. In New York City more 
than 5,000 baskets filled with dinners 
were distributed among needy families. 

One day, last summer, Rev. F. P. Gil- 
man baptized six grown people in Tintai, 
Hainan. One of them, an old man, " is 
usually gentleness itself but when roused 
shows considerable spirit," as illustrated 
by Miss Schaeffer: "His grandson, a 
Kachek schoolboy, was a candidate for 
baptism, but his father opposed the son's 
wish and, on the morning of the service, 
sent him off to another village on some 
pretext. The grandfather was furious, 
for the two had counted on being bap- 
tized at the same time. Efforts were 
made to prevent the grandfather also 
from attending service, whereupon he 
beat his son, saying, 'You compel your 
son to obey you, but you cannot compel 
your father.' Picture to yourselves the 
venerable grandfather of about seventy 
beating his son of some forty-odd years, 
and then coming in triumph to the chapel 
to confess himself a sinner and to own 
Jesus as his Savior!" — Woman's Work. 



"I can't get interested in missions !" 
exclaimed a young girl petulantly, and, 
if truth must be told, a bit superciliously, 
as she left a thrilling missionary meeting 
in company with an older lady, presum- 
ably an aunt or other relative. 

We were near enough to hear the 
answer. 

" No, dearie," came the pitying re- 
sponse; "'tisn't to be expected you should 
— yet awhile. It's just like getting in- 
terest in a bank; you have to put in a 
little something first; and the more you 
put in, the more interest — time or money 
or praying, it doesn't matter which; but 
something you have to put in, or you 
never zvill have any interest. Try it, 
dearie — just put in a little something, 
and you're sure of the interest." — The 
King's Own. 



A trader passing a converted cannibal 
in Africa, asked him what he was doing, 
" Oh, I am reading the Bible," was the 
reply. " That book is out of date in my 
country," said the foreigner. " If it had 
been out of date here," said the African 
to the European, " you'd have been eaten 
long ago." — Baptist Commonwealth. 

. Patience is the truest sign of courage. 
Ask old soldiers who have seen real war, 
and they will tell you that the bravest 
men, the men who endured best not in 
mere fighting, but in standing for hours 
to be mowed down by cannon shot ; who 
were most cheerful and patient in ship- 
wreck and starvation and defeat — all 
those things ten times worse than fight- 
ing — ask old soldiers, I say, and they 
will tell you that the men who showed 
best in such miseries were generally the 
stillest, meekest men in the whole 
regiment. That is true fortitude ; that is 
Christ's magic — the meekest of men and 
the bravest, too. — Kingsley. 

" Look up, for God looks down." Thus 
can we see Him face to face. There is 
inspiration and power in looking up to 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



51 



God. It acknowledges His superiority 
over us, and our dependence upon Him, 
while it assures us that all His power is 
pledged to our help. " I will lift up mine 
eyes unto the hills from whence cometh 
my help." — Christian Observer. 

s ///// 
\ m. 

He that finds God a sweet enveloping 
thought to him never counts his company. 
When I sit in that presence, who shall 
dare to come in? — Emerson. 

///// r 

When the American Board of Foreign 
Missions was started, in the year 1810, 
and tried to get a charter from the 
Massachusetts State Legislature, one of 
the members got up and said, " We can- 
not afford to encourage an organization 
for the export of religion. We need all 
the religion we have got right here." 



And some one else rose and replied, 
" You are entirely mistaken. Religion 
is such a commodity that the more of 
it you give away, the more of it you have 

kft " +* 

The World's Missionary conference to 
be held at Edinburgh, Scotland, in June 
1910 will be one of greatest moment in 
the world's history. Already eight com- 
missions are investigating eight subjects 
of greatest moment to the Christian 
world. ^ 

After the death of a young lady mis- 
sionary recently, the following words 
were found written on the flyleaf of her 
Bible : 

" Put any burden on me, only sustain me, 
Send me anywhere, only go with me, 
Sever any tie, but this tie which binds me 
To thy service and thy heart." 



THE ROCHESTER CONVENTION 

Many of the readers of the Visitor have been interested in the Student Volunteer Con- 
vention held at Rochester, New York. Several of our schools were represented there and 
the representatives are enthusiastic over the meeting, as will be seen from reading the 
following- letter received from them: 



To the Editor of the Visitor, Greeting: 

We, the representatives of the Church 
of the Brethren, at the above convention 
of volunteers and mission workers, held 
in Rochester, N. Y., Dec 29 to Jan. 2, 
inclusive, desire to express our increased 
joy in His service and our enlarged vis- 
ion of His field. We have seen anew the 
call of need from many fields and have 
rededicated our lives to His service. 

Our number includes representatives 
from McPherson, Bridgewater and Jun- 
iata College, the Bethany Bible School, 
and other brethren and mission workers. 
We are rejoiced at the progress which 
has been achieved but made to feel sad 
because of still larger responsibilities 
which have not been met. We hoped to 
see representatives from all our colleges 
and especially to have with us the Editor 
of the Missionary Visitor, and Secre- 
tary of the Mission Board as the one 



who should organically direct the 
church's missionary effort. 

We can only express the hope that the 
delegates - may take the spirit of the con- 
vention back to their schools and 
churches, and that at the missionary 
meeting of our next Annual Conference 
a report of its inspiration and method 
might be given with its special bearing 
upon our church. 

The prayer of our meeting was that 
in a larger sense every member might 
feel his own personal responsibility, a 
responsibility equal even to that of the 
brethren on the field. 

And while we feel keenly this need of 
every one's personal consecration, Bro. 
Emmert's report on India and China 
showed that many workers are now 
needed even to hold the ground already 
gained. Realizing this crisis, which 
should always be kept before our young 



52 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



people, we saw more clearly than ever 
the need of a traveling secretary, who, 
thoroughly imbued with the spirit of 
missions, and conversant with the field 
on one hand, and our young people on 
the other, shall be the center of mission- 
ary recruiting and of their preparation 
for the foreign field. Our young breth- 
ren and sisters in our schools and 
churches must have this question of 
their lives clearly and systematically held 
before them. Our prayer is for a great- 
er effort to increase the ranks of our 
missionaries on the field. 

Not by our numbers, for we are few, 
not by our strength, for we are weak, 
but by the Spirit of the Lord can we 
hope to touch the benighted heathen 
with the living word of Christ, and with 
the prayer that we may all know Him 
better, love Him more and serve Him 
ever, we are, 

Fraternally, 

O. R. Myers, 

Chairman, Juniata College. 

S. C. Miller, 

Secretary, McPherson College. 
j „,„ Committee. 

The following is a list of the delegates 
to the Convention, belonging to the Church of 
the Brethren, and the name of the school 
which they represented: 

Bridgewater College. 

A. B. Miller — Bridgewater, Va. 
Paul H. Bowman, Bridgewater, Va». 

Juniata College. 

O. R. Myers — Huntingdon Cong. 

E. M. Detwiler — New Enterprise, Pa., 
Cong. _ 

Lewis S. Knepper — Brothersvalley, 
Pa., Cong. 

Mabel E. Dooley, Huntingdon, Pa., 
Cong. 

McPherson College. 

S. C. Miller— McPherson, Cong. 
Elsie Buckman — Monitor, Kan., Cong. 
Lulu Ullom — Prowers, Colo., Cong. 
Royer P. Dotzom — McPherson Cong. 

Bethany Bible School. 
J. Edwin Keller — Chicago Cong. 



Minerva Metzger — Rossville, Ind., 
Cong. 

Olive Heckman — Macoupin Ck., 111., 
Cong. 

Jesse A. Smeltzer — Cando, N. Dak., 
Cong. 

Medical College of Virginia. 

F. J. Wampler — Bridgewater, Cong. 

Union Theological Seminary. 
A. J. Culler — Brooklyn Cong. 

Kansas State Agr. Col. 
Glenn Buckman, Monitor Ch. 
Stillwater College, Okla. 
Mary Cox — Home Coyle, Okla. 

College of City of New York. 
Prof. S. P. Heckman. 
J. B. Emmert, Bulsar — Waynesboro. 

Prof. S. C. Miller, one of the delegates, has 
this to say of the Convention and its import 
to our missionary work: 

The International Convention of the 
Student Volunteer Movement held at 
Rochester, N. Y., has shown the stu- 
dents of North America the urgency of 
immediate action for " The Evangeliza- 
tion of the World in this Generation." 
What shall our church contribute to- 
ward the saving of the world for Christ ? 
Very little, so long as we glory in our 
own goodness, and gloat with satisfac- 
tion of superiority. There is within our 
church a tremendous latent power, suffi- 
cient to move the world when once we 
obey the Master's call, "And I, if I be 
lifted up shall draw all men unto me." 
When we have our attention away from 
the interests which divide men and cen- 
ter it upon the forces which unite men, 
our power will become apparent and 
effective in Evangelizing the World. 

McPherson, Kans. S. C. Miller. 

DENMARK GOING "DRY." 

The Danish Good Templars are cir- 
culating a petition for total prohibition in 
Denmark, and at last reports had se- 
cured 446,000 signatures, or about fifty 
per cent of the total adult population. 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



53 



THE VOLUNTEER CONVENTION. 

As Viewed by the Editor of the Post- 
Express, Rochester, N. Y. 

Our guests have come and gone, near 
four thousand of them. We have had 
them in our homes, we have met them 
on our streets, we have joined with 
them in their assemblies. And now what 
of it all? 

For one thing we have had here a 
mighty demonstration of the vitality of 
spiritual earnestness amongst the youth 
of our land. From all parts of this 
country and of Canada they have come, 
leaving their homes at this holiday sea- 
son to attend a convention whose sole 
meaning is the supremacy in our lives 
of the things which are unseen and 
eternal. They have made no excursions 
hereabouts, they have had little of sight- 
seeing to gratify the natural love for 
travel. Three times a day they have 
met for serious thought and intense 
work, and having finished they have now 
gone on their way. It was a convention 
of missionary volunteers, yet the goody- 
goody and long-faced pietist have not 
been in evidence. The choicest youth 
from all our colleges have been here, the 
virile men and alert young women, and 
they have had set before them in eloquent 
and impressive words the most recent 
phases of contemporary history and the 
problems of progressing civilization. 
Ministry to progressing civilization 
through the spread of Christian devotion 
and ideals was the keynote of all the ad- 
dresses and they commanded the enthu- 
siastic attention of these thoroughly hu- 
man and wholesome young people. 

For another thing, this convention has 
shown to us a great promise of good for 
the life of our own country. But a 
small proportion of the thousands of 
delegates may ever enter on mission serv- 
ice in foreign lands. That vast com- 
pany, however, which has now scattered 
to all parts of North America is still a 
company of young men and women who 
have been thrilled by the thought of a 
life whose greatness is in service. We 



lament sometimes the sordid tendencies 
of our day. Here is evidence of a strong 
counter-influence springing from the 
students in our colleges and universities. 
They have seen something better than 
the sordid aims which often dominate 
our life. The dollar has appeared to 
them as a servant to be used rather 
than as a supreme object to be desired. 
They are going back to their colleges to 
spread the contagion of that wholesome 
idealism. They will soon scatter still 
farther into all the corners of our na- 
tional life to carry with them the same 
contagion of wholesome idealism. It is 
impossible to measure the potential good 
for our home civilization which this con- 
vention represents to us. 

Another thing has been impressive. 
These thousands of young people have 
overflowed Convention hall twice daily 
for five days. They have scattered once 
each day to special conferences in sepa- 
rate churches where the numbers and in- 
tentness of the delegates have been note- 
worthy. Yet the enthusiasm has through- 
out been sane and restrained. The 
ecstatic mood has been absent. The 
practical has dominated. The fact that 
no effort to enroll new volunteers for 
foreign service was permitted during the 
convention is characteristic of the prac- 
tical wisdom with which the conven- 
tion was conducted. Throughout it has 
appeared that the enthusiasm was seek- 
ing expression in action rather than in 
ecstacy, whether that action finds its 
theater across the seas or in devotion to 
Christian ideals here at home. 

For ourselves we have had the inter- 
esting and profitable opportunity to 
know these youthful hearts and their 
wise and efficient leaders. Moreover, we 
have had among us some of the most 
prominent men in the world, who from 
the British ambassador to the least wide- 
ly known of them have summoned us 
as well as our youthful guests to ac- 
knowledge that that life is most worth 
while which serves the spiritual needs 
of advancing civilization. 



54 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



AGRA RECOLLECTIONS 



E. H. Eby 




T was the privilege of 
a number of us, Mis- 
sionaries and native 
men, to be present at 
the World's conven- 
tion of the Young 
People's Society of 
Christian Endeavor, 
held at Agra, a city 
well chosen for such 
a gathering both on 
account of its railroad facilities and its 
historic interest. Agra was the seat of a 
well developed civilization many hun- 
dreds of years ago, and still contains 
many very impressive suggestions of 
past splendor. The best of these is of 
course the world renowned Taj Mahal, 
the " dream in marble," a glittering mon- 
ument of a monarch's love for a woman. 
This Taj is a fitting symbol of the 
Church of Christ, for it is a monument 
to the personal devotion, love, and per- 
fect obedience to her lord. And so the 
Church, faithful and obedient to her 
Master, is to be clothed in the spotless 
garments of IHis love and righteousness. 
This thot was developed by more than 
one of the speakers at the convention, 
but with especial clearness by the Rev. 
Wm. Carey, Jr. 

A most striking feature of this con- 
vention was the cosmopolitan aspect of 
the delegation. At the general roll-call 
of the nations no less than thirty differ- 
ent languages were used in the responses. 
A verse of song or of Scripture 
was repeated in the native language of 
the delegate. It was impressive indeed 
to see and hear from people of so many 
countries gathered there in one common 
cause, animated by one common pur- 
pose. Tibet, Burma, China, New Zea- 
land, Ceylon, all the provinces of India, 
Europe, and America; and each in his 



or her native costumes — Agra, yea India 
never witnessed such an array of Chris- 
tian forces as was there assembled. The 
motto of the convention was " Christ for 
India, India for Christ," and it was very 
fitting that India should be the object of 
prayer, thot, and discussion since the 
world's convention had come to India's 
soil. 

The first day's program was divided 
into two general parts according to this 
motto: the first session (after the formal 
addresses of welcome and responses) 
dealt with the first part of the motto — 
" Christ for India — " when two addresses 
were delivered, one by a native of India, 
Mr. Datta, on " Christ the fulfillment of 
India's Need." The second was on 
" Christ's Message to the Youth of In- 
dia," by an educational missionary, Mr. 
Andrews. To the great thots and phi- 
losophies of the world India has contrib- 
uted a deep sense of the reality of the in- 
visible, but in its practical results this 
has left her people submerged in a pan- 
theistic atmosphere which has destroyed 
personality both of man and of God. 
Only Christ can fulfill India's need. In 
the evening session of the first day the 
second portion of the motto, " India for 
Christ," was discussed in three address- 
es : " The Indian Church, Its Past Prog- 
ress," a historic sketch : " The Indian 
Church, Its Future Mission," in which it 
was shown that the mission of the 
Church is to be fulfilled along three lines 
— she must incarnate Christ, each- Chris- 
tian a representation, an incarnation of 
Christ ; secondly, she must interpret the 
Scripture to the Indian mind in an in- 
telligible manner ; thirdly, she must 
serve in the spirit of Christ the great 
Servant. The third address was a plea 
for the churches to present a united front 
to the evil forces and to remove the un- 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



55 



intelligible stumblingblock of denomina- 
tionalism from before the eyes of India's 
people. 

On Sunday the second day, conven- 
tion sermons were preached in each of 
the huge tents erected to accommodate the 
delegates and other attendants, in all no 
less than four thousand. Two languages 
were used thruout the four days of the 
convention, English and Hindustani. It 
was thus possible for all to get the bene- 
fit of the meetings. Sunday afternoon 
was given to a praise service prepared 
and executed by a missionary in India. 
This service was to many the most im- 
pressive during the whole convention 
and worth all the time and expense of 
the trip to hear. The theme of the serv- 
ice was " The Fulfilling Prayer of Our 
Lord " : " Father, I pray — for them 
also who believe on Me thru their word 
— that they may all be one." The devel- 
opment of the theme was in four stages 
representing four eras or epochs in the 
fulfillment of the Lord's prayer : 1st. 
The Early Triumphs of the Apostles, 
Confessors (Christians), and Martyrs. 
2nd. The Triumphs of the Cross in 
Europe and America. 3rd. The World- 
wide Triumphs. 4th. The Vision of the 
Final Triumph. In each stage of the 
service Scripture readings and songs ap- 
propriate to its own epoch were ren- 
dered. Some of the common hymns, the 
Messianic prophecies, the visions in the 
Revelations never seemed so real before. 
It was a vision of the progress and tri- 
umphs of Christ thru the ages ending in 
the grand chorus of the nations round 
the throne of God. And here there were 
hymns sung in the various languages one 
after the other, which lent a reality to the 
vision of what it will be over there such 
as the writer never before experienced. 

At appropriate times the congregation 
swelled the chorus of praise and all felt 
to bow before the throne in humble ador- 
ation of our God. 

The growth of the Endeavor move- 
ment was graphically discovered by the 
address of Pres. Clark and Sec. Shaw. 



Three and a half millions of young peo- 
ple in training for the work of the 
church by daily Bible reading at the 
" Quiet Hour," attendance on and taking 
an active part in the weekly prayer meet- 
ings, and by active service in the various 
committees organized to develop initia- 
tive and activity in young Christians. 
The work in India has made commend- 
able progress and promises still larger 
developments in the future. A staff of 
twenty Indian secretaries to push the 
work in the provinces, and an Assistant 
to the General Secretary were provided 
for. This will greatly accelerate the work 
among the young people of India, and 
enlarge the vision of the realization of 
the convention motto : Christ for India, 
India for Christ. And it is evident that 
if India is to be won for Christ it must 
be thru the youth of the land. 

A very healthy and helpful feature of 
the daily experience of a little group of 
earnest workers was the sunrise prayer 
meetings held on the top of a mound of 
earth overlooking the convention grounds. 
Here was the dynamo of the convention. 
The earnest prayers of these devoted 
workers influenced the whole convention 
in a way that cannot be known this side 
of heaven. And it was a time of deepest 
spiritual fellowship to those who were 
willing to get up and go out into the cold 
to enjoy the service. 

The industrial exhibits attracted much 
interest. In two large tents were dis- 
played and sold the products of the 
many mission orphanages and industrial 
schools in India. These were very ac- 
ceptable as relics to the visitors from 
America. And it was a very valuable 
illustration of what missions are doing 
for young India. 

On Sunday afternoon several groups 
of people went into the city for street 
preaching. Many prayers went with 
them. Indeed many staid in their tents 
or went out under a tree in the park and 
there prayed for the evangelization of 
Agra and of all India. The Call of the 
Country to the Endeavorers, The Call of 



56 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



the Chuch to the Endeavorers, The Call 
of the Unevangelized to the Endeavorers 
were topics of discussion on the last day. 
Two of these were discussed by native 
men in a very clear and powerful man- 
ner. One felt that for the sake even of 
these Christianity in India is a success. 
One of these showed how inadequate are 
all the Asiatic religions and that a reli- 
gion with thirty-three millions of gods has 
no God at all. The last session was giv- 
en to an address on " The Challenge of 
Christ to the Individual " by Pres. C. H. 
King of Oberlin. His text was, " Ye are 
the salt of the earth." The preserving 
power of the individual Christian de- 
pends entirely upon his personal relation 
to Jesus Christ. This was a strong and 
appealing address and a very fitting prep- 
aration for the Consecration service 
which followed immediately, conducted 



by Dr. Clark. Much money had been 
dedicated to the work of spreading the 
good news of the Savior in India. It 
now remained to appeal to the individual 
to consecrate himself, his life and all to 
the service of the Master. It is impos- 
sible to know the results of those mo- 
ments spent in silent prayer during which 
time we were brot into the presence of 
the Master and asked to face the ques- 
tion of our relation to Christ and His 
service. It is to be hoped that many 
yielded themselves to Him and went 
home with a new impulse and a new mo- 
tive in their lives. May India reap the 
results of this great and memorable con- 
vention in a deepening o'f life and widen- 
ing of service in His name who alone 
can satisfy the deepest need of India's 
souls. 

E. H. Eby. 



A CHINESE FUNERAL PROCESSION 

Emma Horning 




UR teacher hastened 
in one morning to tell 
us that a funeral pro- 
cession was passing. 
An official's wife had 
died some forty days 
before and now they 
were taking her to 
the railroad depot, for 
she is to be buried in 
Peking. They passed 
around the square and down the main 
street. We met them as they were re- 
turning. 

A number of the officials led the way. 
Following these were perhaps a hundred 
very ragged, dirty beggars, bearing 
standards and banners containing mot- 
toes. Many were bright red satin with 
characters of gold, some in the form of 
decorated umbrellas. The smallest boys 
carried' large wooden weapons of all 
kinds. This is the only kind of work I 



have seen these beggars do except walk 
the street and cry for food. But they 
are paid for this and are glad to be the 
center of so much attraction. 

Next came two large incense booths 
carried by a number of men. The smoke 
rising from the burning incense is per- 
fuming the air. Around and following 
are the flower bearers. Being winter 
there are no fresh flowers, so artificial 
ones take their place. They are made to 
represent the natural plant growing in a 
flower pot. They are very artistically 
made and are indeed beautiful. Many 
of these pots of flowers being carried 
makes an attractive sight. 

Now pass many more officials, dressed 
in their elaborate silks, satins and velvets. 
Their office cap, with the large glass 
button on the top, is not the least of their 
costumes. Some carry beautiful fans held 
very gracefully to protect their faces 
from the sun. Somebody is carry- 



February 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



57 




A Funeral Procession. 



Tbis is an Official and tlie Corpse is Borne by About 
40 Coolies. 



ing a lot of paper money to be burned on 
the grave. Here comes her sedan chair, 
which carried her on her journeys. In it 
are many of her articles of clothing. 
Here is a servant carrying two glass 
cases filled with her jewelry and there is 
another glass case containing her shoes. 

Now the priests are passing. They 
have no queue and their hair is cut short. 
What wonderful robes they wear ! finest 
satin, embroidered most elaborately in 
gold and purple figures. But their blank 
faces compare very strikingly with the 
beautiful, intelligent faces of the officials. 
Such a conglomeration of class as is here 
represented — officials and beggars, mas- 
ters and servants, rich and poor passing 
between great crowds who thronged each 
side of the street. Everybody carries 
himself with dignity, confidence and self- 
respect. Even the street beggar seems 
to consider he has a high calling and 
resents the slightest insult. 

But most conspicuous and of course 



the most important, is the hearse. It is 
in the form of a great dragon, perhaps 
fifteen feet high and forty feet long. Its 
monstrous head moves, its great eyes 
roll and its terrible jaws open and shut. 
In its body is the coffin. This part of 
its body is covered with lovely embroid- 
ered coverings. This immense dragon 
with all it contains is carried on the 
shoulders of a great crowd of men. 

Last of all came the women mourners 
in their carts and the officials' empty 
carts to take them back from the depot. 
The women were all dressed in un- 
bleached cotton cloth, everywhere the 
sign of mourning. We watch them dis- 
appearing thru the great city gate, then 
walk slowly homeward, thinking of " the 
dead burying the dead." What of their 
sorrow, what of their anguish, what of 
their despair? Alas! Where is their 
comfort, where is their hope, where is 
their victory? 

Emma Horning. 



THE gift Jesus wants to bestow is rest ; rest for time, and rest for 
eternity. Every weary soul may have this rest if he will. But 
you must come to Christ and get it. Nowhere else can this rest be 
found. — D. L. Moody. 



58 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



NUGGETS OF GOLD FROM 
INDIA'S MINES 

A. W. Ross 




O the traveler India 
is a land of pictur- 
esque scenery, idol 
temples and mosques 
together with a pecul- • 
iar people with pecul- 
iar customs ; to the 
commercialist it is a 
land of great develop- 
ment and with won- 
derful possibilities for 
the future ; to the philologist it is a land 
of many and varied languages and dia- 
lects, from the highly polished languages 
of the upper classes to the low dialects of 
the backward masses ; to the politician it 
is a land of political problems baffling the 
ablest statesmen England can produce ; 
to the missionary skeptic it is a land of 
good for nothing people incapable of de- 
velopment and determined and set in 
their ways ; while to the reformer and to 
the Christian Missionary it is a land, tho 
degraded, tho full of superstition and 
hoary religions, tho bound by the terrible 
chain of caste, yet capable of develop- 
ment and of producing some riches in 
Christian character and obedience which 
will bring great glory to our Lord. 

True it is that the missionary often 
finds himself disappointed, often finds 
that after years of labor and preaching 
the native mind is still full of sin and 
depravity. True it is that where one 
would hope for strength and the fruits 
of the Spirit there one finds weakness 
and the fruits of the evil one. 

But what of that? The nuggets of 
shining gold from Alaskan mines came 
only after many a bitter disappointment 
and grave condemnations of the pur- 
chasers of that Northern ice-box. Out 
from the very midst of hardships untold 



and from years of toil and as it were 
from the very depths of worthlessness 
come rich treasures of gold to gladden 
many a heart and make many a home 
happy. 

The promulgators of Missions to India 
have been sneered at and scorned from 
the beginning to this very day. They 
have been told that it is a worthless 
enterprise and an impossibility to make 
good Christians there. But still the good 
work goes on winning favor both with 
God and man. It has been seen that out 
of the dross and out of the refuse and the 
worthless come nuggets of gold which 
when tried in fire of persecution and con- 
tempt, come out only the purer and the 
nobler and the more valuable. 

And India's mines have produced not 
a few of these precious nuggets which 
have brought great glory to God and to 
the cause which we represent. One has 
only to meet with some of the noble char- 
acters which India has given to the world 
to be convinced that missions do pay and 
that the Lord does get glory and praise 
where we would in our weakness vainly 
hope for it. 

In this issue let us notice the life of 
Devadasen, the first ordained pastor of 
the Tanvancore Mission. In the Tinne- 
vely District in the early days of missions 
to those parts the hand of the Lord came 
mightily on one Nilakanda Subbiar, later 
Devadasen, the son of a Brahman. He 
was staying with his cousin who was em- 
ployed by the Church Missionary Society 
as an inspecting schoolmaster. Subbiar 
was oft wont to accompany his cous- 
in on his tours of the schools. A map 
hanging on the wall of one of the schools 
attracted his attention and aroused his 
spirit of inquiry. His relative, tho a 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



59 



Hindu, was familiar with the Christian 
religion and taught Subbiar the rudi- 
ments of it. His object in doing so was 
not to make him a Christian but to pre- 
pare him for the schools which were in 
those early days almost altogether in the 
hands of the missionaries. 

Later he obtained appointment as a 
teacher tho he remained a firm and zeal- 
ous Hindu, repeating daily Rama, Rama, 
Rama, 12,500 times and Siva, Siva 6,250 
times. But the spirit of conviction grad- 
ually took hold of him and he lost con- 
fidence in idol worship tho continuing in 
it for fear of his friends for some time. 

As time went on he became dissatisfied 
with himself for thus leading a dual life, 
— outwardly a Hindu and inwardly a be- 
liever in the Christian religion. He de- 
termined. to become a Christian and then 
shrank from taking the step. He now 
had no peace of mind, do whatever he 
would. So he finally mustered up cour- 
age to take the final step. 

Going to- his school he said to his 
pupils, " Tomorrow I am going to Nager- 
coil to embrace the Christian religion. 
This person will be your teacher. Be as 
obedient to him as you have to me. I 
entreat your forgiveness for any wrong 
I have done against you." " The boys in 
hearing me talk this way began to weep. 
I then broke off my sacred thread, and 
knelt in prayer in their presence. The 
people soon gathered. Some said I was 
mad while others said I was going to get 
a big salary from the missionaries." 

After his baptism he changed his CO'S- 
tume for that of an ascetic and lived on 
very simple food for seventy days. Later 
-his talents were employed in inspecting 
the schools of a certain district and in- 
preaching the Gospel. By his efforts 
Hindu religious ideas were eliminated 
from the schoolbooks in use and replaced 
by others which were Christian. 

No matter how much other work, he 
always found time to preach the Gospel 
and his life was verily an exemplification 
of " Woe is me if I preach not the Gos- 
pel." His dress and life were simple. In- 




Beng-ali Cowherds, India. 

stead of the Brahman thread he now 
wore a leather strap across his shoulders 
about two 1 inches broad attached to which 
was a bag containing tracts and books for 
distribution. The words " Believe in 
Jesus," in front and " Speak the Truth " 
on the back were inserted in bold letters. 
Bold and zealous in his work he often 
found himself surrounded by enraged 
mobs and once was barely saved from 
death. Going aside he was seen to en- 
gage in prayer for the salvation of his 
assailants. 

Feb. 13, 1866, Devadasen, as he was 
called after he became a Christian, was 
ordained pastor of the Nagercoil church. 
He labored incessantly for the spiritual 
upbuilding of his church and the mem- 
bership prospered both temporally and 
spiritually. His was one of the largest 
congregations in all South India at that 
time. He acquired a coffee estate for the 
support of the widows of the church but 
he himself always remained poor. The 
Christian beggars were not neglected. 
He used to say that they were Christ's 



60 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



tax-gatherers and he had a line of cot- 
tages built for them. His church became 
self-supporting, raising the funds for the 
support of pastor, catechists and teach- 
ers. 

When weakened by sickness and the 
physicians forbade his speaking in public 
he would write out what he wanted to 
tell his people and have his assistant read 
it to them. Later for the benefit of his 
health the members urged upon him to 
take a trip to Bangalore and Madras at 
their expense. This he did and in a most 
acceptable manner preaching to hundreds 
both Christians and Hindus and distrib- 
uting tracts and booklets to the number 
of nearly 9,000. 

Tho the work of caring for a congre- 
gation of a thousand members fell heav- 
ily on his shoulders yet he labored inces- 
santly to the last. When the end seemed 
near to him he called his faithful wife to 



his side and grasping her hand said: 
" Hold fast thou the Lord's hand. The 
crown of life can be obtained if we re- 
main faithful and true to the end." 

The Rev. J. Duthie says of him, ■' As 
a Christian he was childlike in simplic- 
ity and in sincerity of character. As 
pastor of the church here his love for 
his people, his concern for their spiritual 
welfare, his unaffected humility, his un- 
ceasing diligence, the wisdom of his 
management were most conspicuous and 
awakened the admiration of all. His 
special delights were among the poor. 
It used to be one of the sights of the 
village to see the once proud Brahman 
with his countenance beaming with joy, 
distributing every Saturday morning 
small quantities of rice to a crowd of 
miserable, diseased creatures who looked 
up to him as their greatest benefactor 
and friend." 



DOES THE NEW BRETHREN MIS- 
SION NEED A DOCTOR? 



Geo. W. Hilton 




AVING now decided 
on a definite location 
for our new mission, 
we now feel that the 
church ought to know 
something of the 
needs of our new 
field in the way of 
workers. I shall not 
say much about the 
need of twenty-four 
evangelistical workers for the eight large 
cities in our new field, nor of the need 
for several single women for girls' 
schools that are soon bound to become 
a necessity, nor of the need of two or 
more thoroughly trained teachers for 
our boys' schools from which shall come 
our trained native workers of the future. 
These we shall need in the near future, 
in fact several of them ousrht to be com- 



ing out this fall so as to be getting the 
language, remembering that the " King's 
business requires haste " because of the 
advance steps the country itself is taking, 
and if the nation is to be taken for 
Christ, NOW is the time to act and to 
get in on the ground floor. 

All the above is necessary and I trust 
that there are those who are now ready 
to answer " Here am I Lord, send me," 
But the thing that the new mission needs 
above all other workers is a good doctor. 
The territory is all new and although the 
people seem very friendly, medical work 
is the greatest wedge that can be used 
for opening these people's hearts to the 
Gospel. Let me throw a little light if 
possible on the situation as we find it. 
The large church at this place is filled 
each Sunday with 200 or 300 people. 
When asked how do you get such good 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



61 



crowds, we are always given the one 
answer. These almost without exception 
are those who have at one time been in 
the hospital here or at least received 
treatment from the doctors here. Most 
of them hear the gospel story for the 
first time from a man who not only tells 
them that he has come to tell them of the 
salvation offered by Jesus Christ, but he 
takes off his coat, cleanses that dirty ul- 
cer, or with his knife again gives sight 
to the one who has a cataract, sets a 
broken bone, or in many other ways eases 
the suffering of a fellow-being, thus mak- 
ing a friend who gladly listens to his 
teaching about the other great Physician 
who went about doing good and who 
finally gave His life for them. 

His ministry is a double one, and his 
influence much greater than that of the 
evangelistic worker. Now a little in the 
way of appeal to our medical brethren. 
Where are you going to work ? In a city 
already crowded with the medical pro- 
fession where it will take years to build 
up a practice? If you are working at 
your profession only for the money and 
care not whether you use it to help about 
the coming of Christ's Kingdom then my 
appeal is not to you " to come over and 
help us." But I earnestly advise you to 
get right with your God. If, however, you 
belong to that class of men who are 
longing to see His Kingdom come, my 
appeal is to you. The province of Shan 
Si is said to have 14,000,000 people, 
about five or six times as many people 
as the city of Chicago. The province is 
as large as the State of Illinois and at the 
present time there are but five men and 
one lady doctor among all these mil- 
lions. These doctors are four of them in 
this place and all of them overworked. 
Two are some forty to eighty miles 
south of here. Think of all the rest of 
this province without a single medical 
man. On our last trip I took sick with 
dysentery at He Pao Ying and it took 
us eight days of the hardest travel to get 
to the nearest doctor. I give this only to 
show what it means to be sick in China. 



Many of the missionaries are fifteen 
days or more from medical help, and all 
these thousands dying in misery for 
want of medical aid at the rate of 5,000 
a month in Shan Si. 

If you haven't seen the picture plain 
enough yet look at another by way of 
contrast. Take all the doctors out of the 
city of Chicago and leave but one, and 
then listen to the cry of those who have 
no medical attention, and you have the 
picture of Shan Si as she stands today. 

Shan Si is one of the worst opium 
stricken provinces in China if not the 
worst. The officials are doing their ut- 
most to stamp it out, and their work is 
to be commended very highly, for this 
year in our travels of some 1300 miles in 
different parts of the province we saw no 
opium growing, but in every village and 
city we saw hundreds of sufferers bound 
by the opium habit who begged to be re- 
leased. Many asked if we could not give 
them medicine to stop the craving for 
the drug, but we could only turn helpless- 
ly away and give them no encouragement. 
Without a doctor refuge work is out of 
the question ; also at most villages where 
they had heard of foreigners we were 
asked if we could cure sickness and they 
were much disappointed when their 
cases were such that our simple remedies 
could do no good. 

Now my brother or sister I know you 
would never settle down to your profes- 
sion in America if you could see the 
methods of the native doctors here. A 
child has a pain in the head and the na- 
tive doctor is called, he says she has a 
demon inside and runs a long needle into 
the tender brain to let it out. An old 
man has rheumatism in his knee. The 
native doctor sticks his needle into the 
knee and then taking a piece of cloth 
soaked in oil wraps it around the needle 
and sets it on fire. Another has stom- 
ach trouble and is given several pounds 
of ground millstone to take as medicine. 
In the enclosed photograph you may see 
a native doctor plying his trade. The little 

(Continued on Page 72.) 



62 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



STORY OF AN INDIAN WIDOW 

Effie V. Long 




NLY the old "egg- 
woman " as we called 
her. I do not remem-. 
ber her name but her 
face and the hopeless- 
ness of it are fixed on 
the mind. She would 
buy up a few eggs 
from the villagers 
three miles away and 
stop to sell them to us 
and then walk on a mile and a half to 
Novsari to do one or two cents' worth of 
buying. 

We took her eggs one day and then 
began a conversation by asking her 
from what village she had come and how 
things were going. She then began to 
tell her doleful story to us as she saw she 
had sympathetic listeners. 

Her son had " married a wife," and 
this wife had come to live in the home 
and was making it very unpleasant for 
the poor, old, widowed mother. (It is 
usually the reverse in India, the mother 
often making life very hard for the 
young daughter-in-law.) But we have 
heard of such cases as this poor old wid- 
ow in our own land, and oh, what che 
tender, yearning heart of the old mother 
must suffer as she has to step back and 
out of all that had made home dear to 
her and " father " for so long, and see a 
young, heartless woman haughtily take 
her place ! And then to be ordered about 
by her yet as if she were one of the 
servants and have the hardest work put 
upon her old bent shoulders ! But that 
is what happens in Christian homes 
sometimes and it happened to this poor 
old mother. Only her best was only a 
hovel, but she had a heart. 

As she wiped the tears with the corner 
of her sardi she told of how she had had 
nothing but a small amount of rice to eat 



for two days, and the daughter-in-law 
had ordered her, " Do this " and " Do 
that," and, " You don't earn your living," 
and the poor old soul kept going till she 
was so tired and faint. 

We were so moved by hearing her 
story that we gave her a little money to 
buy food for herself in the bazar, but, 
to our surprise she refused to take it, 
and wiping her tears rose to go. As 
she put her basket again on her head we 
insisted that she take it, and enquired the 
reason why she would not. " Oh, I can't 
I can't, I shall have to give an account to 
God, and it would be a disgrace, when I 
have a son, to take any thing from you, 
like a beggar." And we insisted again, 
saying, " But you did not ask for it, we 
just want to give it to you." But she 
refused to take even a pice, saying she 
would live out her days thus and per- 
haps the Great God would take her soon. 

It was several months till I saw her 
again. Just as we were leaving the old 
home at Jalalpor and were very busy 
packing, this old friend came again. I 
bought her eggs and sat down to talk 
with her a little while. She said midst 
her tears that she had come to talk with 
me thinking I might be able to comfort 
her a little. She had come to tell me that 
she could endure such alife no longer and 
was going to throw herself into the river 
on the way home. Yes, she had a daugh- 
ter married but it was not custom to live 
with the married daughters, only with 
one's own son, so she could not think of 
doing that. After understanding how 
wrong it is to take one's own life, she 
agreed not to do it, but could not accept 
the offer I made her of seeing that she 
had a good home if she were willing to 
leave all and come with me. " Oh, how I 
would like to, but I can't think of that, I 
can't do it. It would disgrace my son 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



63 



and his family." Then we told her how 
to find comfort in Jesus but all the poor 
old soul could remember was to say His 
name (Esu), morning, noon, and night. 
We asked her over and over again : 
" Now what is His name ?" and she 
would say: "Esu, Esu, — I won't forget." 
and then she would put her two hands 
together and try to look reverent and call 
His name. 

When she rose to go, she said (be- 
cause of being so stiff from sitting a 
little while), " O Ram, Ram,"— just like 
many people say, " O Lord " when they 
are tired or stiff or rise up or sit down. 
So I had to remind her again that if she 
were not careful she would be worship- 
ing Ram instead of Esu (for she has 
been saying that for years). 

My heart was sad as I watched her 
out the gate. Perhaps I'll never see 
her again and she may soon be called 
hence. But I can pray for her. A Wid- 
ows' Home has now been opened at Jal- 
alpor and she can, if she will, have a 
chance to hear of Esu again from the 
sisters there. I'm glad of that. And 
what a nice home that would be for her 



and all others who are honestly seeking 
to worship the true God ! 

But alas ! A change from the old-time 
way would mean so much to them. They 
will not even consider it. I offered it to 
her and she wished she could. It would 
be a little heaven on earth to her but it 
seemed an impossibility and that ended 
it. 

Friends, you don't know how hard it 
is for these people to change and cut 
loose from all that binds them to the old 
life, even though it has been a miserable 
one. What can we do ? We seem power- 
less to help sometimes. But oh, how we 
long to help them! If only they could 
understand us and our motives, and our 
religion, and thus find peace in Jesus. 
But all things are possible with God. 
With patient teaching and prayers and 
tears all barriers may be broken down 
'and some day many of these precious 
souls may be standing with the white- 
robed throng, praising with a loosened 
tongue, that Jesus whom they learned to 
worship on earth. 

Vada, India. 



THE FOREIGN MISSIONARY 

F. H. Crumpacker 




In other 



HESE days we hear a 

lot about the fact that 

today there is no 

FOREIGN field. I 

am just on the field 

now a year but I am 

ready to hold that 

those who are forever 

declaring that there is 

no FOREIGN field 

have never been to 

words my point is, for 

don't get it, there is a 

Here are some of the 

say these things. The 



see. 

fear some one 

foreign field. 

reasons why I 

field is foreign because of its separation 



by distance. By distance I mean that 
distance that takes it away from the rest 
of the church world. This at once in- 
terests the missionary. And as I look 
at him he is not helped as any HOME 
missionary, because he has no councilors, 
even tho sometimes they are few at 
home. Here he must take the initiative, 
responsibility, none to inspect but God. 
This may be an advantage and it may be 
a disadvantage. It depends on the mis- 
sionaries. 

He has a great power for growth and 
development if there is any undeveloped 
part to him. All parts are touched up 
here from his ability to shovel sand and 



64 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



lay a foundation to the capacity to have 
power with the Spirit of God. Foreign 
because he is away from home. He feels 
this is his food, clothing, mail service, 
places to eat and sleep, means of travel, 
and surroundings. And let me say here 
that the very air he breathes can be 
equaled by but few places in the home 
lands. These are on the lee side of the 
stockyards in Chicago or Kansas City. 
Those of you who have had that smell 
know how well you like to say it is not 
FOREIGN. These things may seem 
light and may tend to lessen the ideas of 
foreign life and yet I am sure there is 
and always will be a foreign field till the 
time comes when all of the world knows 
of God. That time will be when there 
are no HEATHEN. 

The power of endurance is nowhere 
tested like it is in the foreign heat. The 
missionary must stick to it. No one else 
here to take his place. The average home 
worker can get a substitute to take his 
place while the pastor takes a summer in 
the mountains. 

All pet ideas must go now. The real- 
ity of the power of God unto salvation 
is what he must have. He has to present 
the Gospel in a clear way and pray the 
Holy Spirit to convict and convince. He 
may have hostile ones who are listening 
because of curiosity but these the Spirit 
may take a hold on and make them work- 
ers. 

He must be able to tell in a plain way 
the things he believes about the Son of 
God. What about the death of Christ for 
men, how does our God differ from the 
heathens' god, what is the Sheng Ling 
(Holy Spirit) ? 

These things to be true are to be taught 
to the world but I maintain that to a 



large part of the world they are abso- 
lutely foreign and the people who work 
among minds, the whole of which have 
not heard a thing of these things, are in a 
FOREIGN field. 

I trust no reader of these lines will 
misunderstand this thot for I feel that 
when we go to generalizing to the ex- 
tent that we say there is no foreign field, 
we are making an easy way out for those 
who would like to oppose FOREIGN 
work. The word foreign is a right one 
and ought to be used when applied to 
mission work that is foreign. May the 
Lord raise up those who ought to do this 
work where it never has been done and 
thus the name of Jesus Christ has never 
been heard. May we ever hold all work 
sacred that is the Lord's work and thus 
important but not minimize any by trying 
to get to see that it is all alike. These 
words do not come from one who is 
homesick or on the threshold of despair, 
for we are rejoicing each day in the won- 
derful way that the Lord is blessing us, 
and I might add that the Lord can come 
in better when we do not have too much 
other company. He can advise when we 
do not have too many other advisers. 
The foreign missionary as I view him 
has natural advantages to have the 
closest walk with God of any for there 
is none else to hinder. And even tho the 
physical comforts that he is denied are 
not here yet he is happy in the Lord. 
May God help us all to espouse the cause 
of missions and keep foreign missions 
where they belong and that is in the 
FOREIGN list. 

Tax Yuan Fu, Shansi, China. 



AS the desert shrub flamed, and yet did not burn away, so that di- 
vine nature is not wearied by action nor exhausted by bestowing, 
nor has its life any tendency towards ending or extinction, as all 
creatural life has. — Alexander Maclaren. 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



65 



One Doll 



ar 



For Missions 

Who will give $| 
to help the worJ: 
A o$ Christ Who. 
; %£ g* for yoJ*LJ f 





ear 



or 



M 



iss i ons. 



^1 For 
Who wi 

help the,vvc 
f Christ Who 



/hssions. 

g-IVG 

Work 




I just toud'hi a team of 
horses. If J give*l I can't 
Save my usual amount for the Bank 




\W 



For Missions] 
V/ho will give*! 

to help the work] 
of Christ Who 
died" -For 



^S 




e must save all ours 
money ^or a new leather 
chair. We can't give?). 



I haven't much but I will qui 
drinking co^ee and give 
the money to the poor heathen 



OH, it is far easier to study and press a thousand truths upon 
others, than to feel the power of one truth upon our own hearts ; 
to teach others duties to be done, than duties by doing them. — John 
Flavel. 



66 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



TWO VIEW POINTS OF A VEXED 

QUESTION 

This article, first appearing in the Baptist Missionary Review in India, reflects some 
phases of the support question of workers that every reader of the Visitor should know; 
hence its appearance in these columns. 




HE salary of a mis- 
sionary is a matter 
not easy to adjust in 
a way that is satisfac- 
tory to all. Circum- 
stances are constantly 
changing, and the 
purchasing power of 
money varies as do 
the prices of food and 
clothing, so that a 
sum that was sufficient a few years ago 
may be inadequate now. 

A comfortable living for the average 
family is what some missionary societies 
undertake to offer those whom they send 
to the foreign field. That is a plan that 
seems reasonable, and all that ordinary 
missionaries would probably desire, 
though the average family may be a 
rather uncertain quantity. 

Various kinds of sliding scales to dis- 
tinguish between large families and small 
have been tried by different societies, but 
there are objections to anything of that 
kind, as there are to the plan of paying 
a uniform salary to all of a certain length 
of service, without reference to their 
families. Consideration for the expense 
of getting a broken-down missionary 
home and his place supplied on the field, 
if there were no other, would keep a 
society from trying to see just what was 
the very lowest sum which a missionary 
could live upon; since experience has 
proved, too clearly to admit of doubt, that 
there is a point beyond which saving 
ceases to be economy. When it comes 
to deciding what is a comfortable living 
very much will depend upon a person's 
way of looking at things, and some of 
the visitors to mission stations may like- 
ly enough carry away reports of extrava- 



gance, while others who have visited 
the same missionaries may declare that 
they found nothing more than a reason- 
able and proper regard for comfort. In 
such cases who shall decide? 

Luxury and comfort are only relative 
terms, and incapable of hard and fast 
definitions, depending entirely, as they 
do, upon the point of view. A mission- 
ary spent several years in a jungle station 
where he and his family were most of the 
time the only white people for many 
miles. The mission bungalow, just out 
of the taluk town, was a great curiosity 
to the native people, who often came in 
numbers to have a look at it, when busi- 
ness brought them from their villages to 
the kutchery or court house. It was a 
very plain building, furnished with the 
strictest possible reference to economy; 
but for all that it was a veritable palace 
in the eyes of the natives who came to 
visit it. 

It the first place it had several rooms, 
all large and light and clean, as different 
as one could possibly imagine from the 
dark, foul-smelling houses which they 
were in the habit of sharing with their 
cattle and buffaloes and goats. Besides it 
had chairs, not just a single one for an 
occasion of state, but there was a chair 
for the missionary and one for his wife 
and special ones for each of the children, 
besides extra chairs for visitors. Then 
too, the missionaries did not sleep on mats 
on the ground just where it happened to 
be most convenient, but they had a 
special room to sleep in, with clean beds, 
furnished with mosquito curtains, and 
mattresses and pillows, luxuries which 
most of the native visitors never expect- 
ed to be able even to try. 

There was a dining room also, with a 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



67 



table and dishes, not simply a platter or 
bowl to eat curry and rice from, with a 
brass or earthen cup to drink out of, but 
dishes of a variety of sizes and shapes 
utterly bewildering to the native house- 
wife. 

Another unceasing source of wonder 
to these native visitors was the cleanli- 
ness everywhere. No one seemed to be 
able to tell just how many suits of 
clothes the missionaries had, so that in- 
stead of putting a garment on and wear- 
ing it as long as it would hold together, 
as some of them had to do, these white 
folks had enough so they could keep 
clean while the doby was washing the 
things they used the week before. Alto- 
gether, though it represented a degree 
of luxury which they never expected to 
be able to attain to, it was considered well 
worth a visit to go and see how mission- 
aries lived. 

But occasionally there were other vis- 
itors at the mission bungalow. Some- 
times the collector of the district, or the 
surgeon or police superintendent, in their 
rounds would camp in the town, and if 
they happened to have a little spare time 
would perhaps go out and call on the 
missionary and his wife. 

There was always a satisfaction to the 
missionaries, who rarely saw any white 
people except themselves, in a call of this 
kind, as it seemed to bring them a little 
nearer home for a few minutes; but it 
was a relief, nevertheless, that in an 
out of the way place like that such calls 
were always in the evening, when the 
outside of the house was more comfort- 
able than the inside. A rug or a mat and 
a chair on the veranda, with the plea that 
it was pleasanter there, was sufficient and 
the visitor need not see how plain and 
bare the walls inside were, nor the cheap 
and meager character of the furniture. 

They were not ashamed of their home 
nor discontented with their lot, but they 
shrank from even the kindly criticism of 
those who would not understand. 

How then, was the question to be de- 
cided? The very same bungalow, the 



very same furnishings and surroundings, 
represented luxury or poverty according 
as those who passed an opinion upon 
them looked at things from the standard 
of two annas or so a day or from that of 
the highest paid official in the district. To 
the one the missionary might be con- 
sidered living in a palace while to the 
other this home would seem cheap and 
poor. 

What does a comfortable living in- 
clude? Is it only those things which are 
absolutely indispensable to existence, or 
should it be thought to embrace such 
things as are necessary to make a place 
look comfortable and home-like ? 

In many places the mission bungalow 
needs to be large with high walls, on ac- 
count of the intense heat during much 
of the year; and no one knows, until he 
has tried it, what an undertaking it is to 
make one of those great barn-like rooms 
look cozy or a suggestion of anything 
more than a mere shelter or stopping 
place. And yet- a missionary might be 
thought to need a home even more than 
most of people, on account of the nature 
of his work, and his isolation from all 
congenial associations in many cases. 

In some missions the heavy furniture, 
such as almirahs, cots, tables and chairs, 
belong to the mission and stay in the 
bungalow. Such an arrangement is an 
admirable one. Instead of every removal 
and every furlough meaning the selling 
out of all furniture for whatever can be 
got at a forced sale, and buying again aft- 
erward, always at great loss — a thing 
which makes a furlough to be dreaded by 
most missionaries — they could afford to 
own some pictures and bric-a-brac that 
could be left during furlough, or taken 
along, in case of removal, without great 
expense, and would add very much to 
the homeliness of the old bungalow. 

We. may add that there is nothing new 
or strange in the suggestion, for aside 
from the plan having been adopted in at 
least one mission that we know of, it is 
the ordinary thing at hill stations, and in 

(Concluded on Page SO.) 



68 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



OUR MISSIONARY READING CIRCLE 

John R. Snyder 




HILE recently re- 
viewing the June 
number of the Mis- 
sionary Visitor with 
its splendid reports 
from many of our 
colleges as to the 
growth of the mis- 
sionary spirit among 
the students we could 
not help but revert to 
the days when " Our Missionary Read- 
ing Circle " was such a determining fac- 
tor in the world-wide evangelistic efforts 
of the church. In looking over the names 
of those who were leaders in the earlier 
missionary movements of the colleges 
we note that the majority of them were 
active friends and members of the 
Circle. In nearly all, if not all, of the 
colleges, there were classes formed for 
the study of missions and from these 
classes and as a result of these studies 
there went forth an influence that was as 
wide as the Brotherhood. Many a young 
person received their first impulse for 
" more and better work " in the whit- 
ened harvest field, from the study of the 
courses outlined and from the inspira- 
tion gathered by reading of what others 
had done. 

But for some reason, the " Reading 
Circle " idea as then organized, has been 
allowed to wane, and, it seems to us, that 
the missionary spirit among our young 
people has also experienced a retrogres- 
sive movement. Not that we have not a 
number of noble young brethren and 
sisters ready to enter the " regions be- 
yond," but among the rank and file there 
is not the desire for knowledge of the 
world field that was once experienced. 
We can not but think, that, if once 
aroused, this noble army of young peo- 
ple, received into the church during the 



past decade, only need to " know " of the 
great world-need to become vitally in- 
terested. 

And while thus thinking we were 
wondering if it would not be a good 
thing to revive the " Missionary Reading 
Circle " and make an active effort to get 
a live, spiritual missionary reading into, 
not only our colleges, but into every con- 
gregation. We know that in the past it 
has been a great power for the church and 
has been the cause of more than one mis- 
sionary being in the foreign field today, 
to say nothing of the energy set on foot 
in the home field. From its first incep- 
tion, many, many years ago, in the, 
church at Waynesboro, Pa., by our pio- 
neer missionary to India, Bro. W. B. 
Stover, as its leader, until the present 
time, it has wielded an influence upon 
the missionary life of the church that 
will be told in its fulness only when the 
pages of the Eternal Book are opened 
and the story of lives influenced made 
known. 

It was the privilege of the writer to be 
more or less familiar with the working 
of the " Circle " during the first ten or 
twelve years of its organization and we 
know something of its trials, its opposi- 
tions, its victories and its blessings. Even 
now when sometimes discouraged and 
with no one near by with whom to con- 
fide we turn to a file of letters received 
during many years of this period we find 
it a blessing and an encouragement to 
" try a little harder." Some of the writ- 
ers of these letters are now in foreign 
lands working out in actual experience 
what they once read and studied. 

If the Circle was once a help and a 
blessing we see no reason why it should 
not be so again. We know that the Gen- 
eral Mission Board will gladly aid any 
effort that shall have for its purpose a 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



69 



deepening and quickening of the mis- 
sionary spirit and activities of the 
church. We know our State districts will 
welcome any lawful effort that will help 
solve the problems which confront them. 
The live elder would rejoice in any 
method which would educate and train 
his younger members into greater activi- 
ties along the line of missionary endeav- 
ors. The field is just as great as it ever 
was and the need of workers is growing 
proportionately as the doors are opened. 
We would like to see the Reading 
Circle again an established factor in our 
church life. The widespread organiza- 
tion of Christian Worker societies gives 
a much better opportunity for the for- 
mation of mission study classes than the 
old organization ever had. The crisis 
of missions is just as crucial as it ever 
was. We are not sure but that in the 
Church of the Brethren it is more so 
than ever. We have opened up the field 
and must not, we dare not withdraw. 
There must be a continual going for- 
ward until the last call shall come. Every 
new station in India calls for two or 
more workers ; the same in China, 
France, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, 
Cuba, Mexico and Canada. All are call- 
ing for workers and the exigencies of 
the field demand them. Our Mission 
Board is puzzled because they cannot be- 
gin to answer the Macedonian calls. 
Something must be done. All our young 
people cannot go to colleges and thus 
come in contact with the spirit engen- 
dered there. They must be interested in 
some other way. There needs also to be 
a revival of the missionary spirit in 



many of our colleges. So many of the 
students find openings in the commercial 
and secular world while it seems that so 
few see the openings in the great field 
of missions. 

We know by past experience that 
many have been interested through the 
medium of study of live missionary 
books outlined by the Reading Circle. 
As long as there is ignorance as to the 
field there will be but little action. But 
let knowledge come in and there is 
bound to be action. Let our young peo- 
ple know and in their youthful enthusi- 
asm a fire will be kindled that will lead 
in mature years to the open doors arid 
will spread from heart to heart and cen- 
ter in some definite effort. 

As a closing thought we plead, we 
pray, for an awakening among us along 
the line of a wider and deeper knowl- 
edge of the great heathen field. We 
know the Secretary of the General Mis- 
sion Board would be glad to receive any 
suggestions that Visitor readers may 
have as to how this is to be best accom- 
plished. If you feel that there is a better 
way than that so long followed by the 
Reading Circle let him know it. If you 
believe in the Reading Circle method tell 
him that. What we want is to get our 
people interested, vitally interested, so 
deeply interested that they will give 
themselves to be used wherever the Lord 
may want to use them. At home, on the 
frontier, or in the foreign field, " For the 
harvest truly is plenteous but the reap- 
ers are few." 

#53 Maple Avenue, Findlay, Ohio. 



The mischiefs of unfaithfulness here can never be repaired. — J. 
B. Taylor. 

The heart should be praying a good while before the tongue. — 
John Trapp. 

The smallest deed that cooperates to a great end is great. — 
Alexander Maclaren. 



70 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 




The 



Little Missionary 



HAMMER AND ANVIL. 
By John Clifford, D. D. 
Last eve I paused beside a blacksmith's 
door, 
And heard the anvil ring the vesper 
chime; 
Then, looking in, I "saw upon the floor 
Old hammers worn with beating years of 
time. 

" How many anvils have you had," said I, 
" To wear and batter all these hammers 
so ? " 
''Just one," said he; then said, with twin- 
kling eye, 
" The anvil wears the hammers out, you 
know." 

And so, I thought, the anvil of God's Word 

For ages skeptic blows have beat upon; 
Yet though the noise of falling blows was 
heard, 
The anvil is unharmed — the hammers 
gone. 

— Selected. 
^ jH 

THE LEAVEN THAT RAISED A 
VILLAGE. 

Wong Fang came from a village to the 
mission school in the city. His father 
said, " My stupid son goes to learn char- 
acters of a white ' ocean man.' " But 
really Mr. Wong hoped his son might 
sometime be a " literary man," which is 
a Chinaman's chief ambition. 

Wong Fang had been taught to wor- 
ship idols and ancestors, and had a 
wholesome fear of evil spirits. But now, 
while he studied all lessons diligently, he 
liked best of all the Gospels, and 
began to be very curious about the 
" Jesus doctrine." It was not long be- 
fore he had learned St. John so that he 
could repeat every word correctly. 

The missionary was very fond of the 
quiet, studious boy, and hoped to keep 
him in school, but word came that he 
must return home. 

Before he started the teacher said : 



" If you are faithful, God may make you 
his messenger to your village." 

Wong Fang trudged away on his long 
journey — just a common Chinese boy — 
but " in his heart's center," he hid the 
teacher's words. 

" And what did you learn ?" asked his 
parents when he reached their poor little 
home. And for answer Wong Fang re- 
preated his precious Gospel. " Ha ! that 
is foreign doctrine," said his father. 

" No," Wong Fang replied, " it was 
sent by heaven's Lord to us." His father 
made no answer, for to tell the truth he 
had never forgotten the preaching he 
once heard in the city. 

The neighbors soon learned what Mr. 
Wong's son could do, and, being a story- 
loving people, they came together at the 
close of the day, and the boy told the 
glad story over and over. 

One day Mr. Wong said : " Suppose 
we take down the kitchen god and see 
what will happen." " Yes," answered 
Mrs. Wong. Behind the door was a pic- 
ture of a weasel which they thought 
drove away evil spirits. 

" Shall this come down ?" he asked. 
And Mrs. Wong sighed : " Ai Yah ! My 
heart is afraid," but she bowed her head 
and down came the weasel ! Soon the 
incense sticks and everything that meant 
idol-worship were cleared out of the 
Wong house — and they still live ! 

The neighbors had been watching, and 
when they saw that " Neighbor Wong " 
seemed happier and more prosperous, 
they, too, destroyed their gods. Then 
they said : " You must go to the city 
and get a ' Jesus man ' to live with us." 
A native preacher was soon sent, and in 
due time a little church was built. — Sel. 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



71 



For Our Ministers 

Each month an outline of a missionary sermon will be given. Outlines aie solicited. 
Address the Missionary Visitor. 



44 



HELPERS ARE NEEDED" 



Outline of a sermon recently preached by Joseph D. Reish, of Denbigh, N. Dak. 



[. What for ? 



(c) "Teachers." Matt. 28:19. 



1. To redeem the lost world. Mark III. Who? 



16: 15. John 15: 16. 

2. To hasten Christ's coming. Matt. 
24 : 14. 

3. To be " Epistles of Christ." 2 Cor. 
3:2,3. 

(We may be the only Bible some are 
reading.) 
II. Where? 

1. At Home. As— 



(a) "Salt of the earth," Matt. 5 : 13. IV. The Reward. 



Those who — 

1. Abstain from all appearance of evil. 
1 Thess. 5 : 22. 

2. Have indwelling of Holy Spirit. 
Rom. 8 : 9. 

3. Live the Christ life. Matt. 5 : 14- 
16. 

(Christian is Sinner's Bible as Mis- 
sionary is Heathen's Bible.) 



(b) " Fruit bearing branches." John 
15:8. 

(c) " Friends and Disciples of 
Christ." John 8:31; 13:35; 15:14. 

2. Abroad. As — 

-(a) "Light of the World." Matt 
5:14. 

(b) " Witnesses." Isa. 43 : 10. 



1. Promise of Christ's presence. Matt. 
28 : 19. 

2. Perhaps a soul shall be saved (Jas. 
5 : 19, 20) which is worth more than the 
whole world. Mark 8 : 36, 37. 

3. Saved (Matt. 24: 13) and gain a 
crown of life. Rev. 2 : 10. 

V. Will you be one ? 



From the Firing Line 



In the beginning of my evangelistic 
work at one time I never saw much 
fruits of my labors, in fact I held five 
series of meetings without one conver- 
sion. I then told my companion I would 
hold one more meeting and if no conver- 
sions I would quit as I believed I had 
missed my calling. I went and held this 
meeting and eleven came out on the 
Lord's side. 

Since that time I have averaged about 
ten meetings a year and have had the 
privilege of leading some to Christ in 
nearly every meeting for twelve years. 
Don't get discouraged too soon. 

Maryland. e. f. 



DIFFICULT SPIRITUAL BIRTH. 

The wind bloweth where it will, and 
thou hearest the voice thereof, but 
knowest not whence it cometh and 
whither it goeth : so is every one that is 
born of the Spirit. John 3 : 8. How in- 
dependent of our best efforts, the work 
of the Spirit is sometimes manifested ! 
How we are apt to exaggerate the ne- 
cessity of our work is seen by the follow- 
ing : Early in the month of March I be- 
gan preaching a series of doctrinal ser- 
mons in a schoolhouse where there had 
been regular preaching, but not by the 
Brethren. In the home of the brother 
with whom I lived while there was a 



72 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



young man working who appeared to 
have no inclination to things sacred. 
After hearing the first sermon he spent 
the next several evenings arranging for 
and entering a secret organization. He 
would not go to church, it seemed, ex- 
cept there was absolutely no excuse 
available. When the . brother and his 
wife and I were talking on the Scripture 
during the day he would manage to be 
away as much as possible. After two 
weeks we baptized a number and he 
came to town for the services but slipped 
away and ate no dinner, but was at the 
water and witnessed the baptism. Re- 
turning to his home in the country he 
spent the evening arguing and saying 
mean things about religion in general 
and the Church of the Brethren in par- 
ticular. Finally without supper, he start- 
ed for bed, saying, " If I have to wallow 
around in the water like that to be saved 
I never will be. saved." Going to work 
without breakfast in the morning he 
staid out about half the forenoon when 
he came to the house and, crying like a 
child, he confessed he could resist no 
longer but must be baptized. And now, 
after nearly eight months, during which 
the same Holy Spirit has worked in his 
heart a splendid transformation, we look 
to him as one of our dependable work- 
ers. Thank God for the power of the 
Gospel and the Holy Spirit to make men 
new. 

Kansas. ^ > j. e. j. 

A BIBLE STORY. 

" Come over and see me, I've a new 
book. There is a beautiful love story in 
it." Thus spoke one lady to her next 
door neighbor. Not satisfied with the 
distance between them the first lady 
came over to tell of her new book, and 
this is the conversation which followed : 

" Oh, it's dandy ! It's full of stories. 
Where did I get it? Well — our min- 
ister told me about it. You see it's like 
this, I can't understand the Bible, I don't 
like to read it, I just can't get my Sun- 
day-school lesson." A pause till her 
chewing gum could be readjusted. " He 



said maybe I'd like' the Bible if I'd read 
this book. I don't see how tho. Oh, 
yes, that story ! The man's name was 
Isaac. He didn't court like our boys. 
A servant went for his girl, he gave her 
beautiful jewelry, and she went with him 
on a camel, her name was Rebekah, it's 
the dearest thing." 

The hostess professed to be a Bible 
woman. " Oh, that's a Bible story — 
you silly girl, didn't you know that? 
You'll find so many nice things and 
different kinds of stories too. There's 
Abraham, that's azvfully interesting, how 
he had so many, many wives. I think it 
was five hundred. Yes, then there is 
another story about Moses — I just love 
it. What is it? Well I don't remem- 
ber much of it, only the place where he 
got drunk. Going home so soon? 
Why, I thot you would stay awhile." 

Away went the woman with a rustle 
of silk and a wave of perfume. The 
hostess turned to the one sitting close by 
and remarked sadly. " How little some 
people do know of the Bible !" 

This true incident was not in India, 
not in the slum district of our great 
cities. No, but in a beautiful home, in a 
beautiful location, from Christian ( ?) 
women of enlightened America. 

Indiana. > /// // m. c. s. 

DOES THE NEW BRETHREN MIS- 
SION NEED A DOCTOR? 

(Continued from Page 61.) 

brass man stuck full of needles shows 
the 300 or more places in the body where 
a long needle can be thrust in without 
harm, many of them in the lungs, stom- 
ach and even eyeballs. His medicines 
consist of dried frogs, snakes, bugs, also 
turtle shells, deer horns, cows' feet, tiger 
bones, etc. 

Can you come? Is there any 
thing to hinder that would be accepted 
at the last day as a valid excuse? If you 
have no excuse for staying where you 
are it is evident to me that the Macedo- 
nian call means you. That some one will 
heed it soon is our every prayer. 

Tai Yuan Fu, Shan Si. 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



73 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




I E 






IE t-, 

SiiLJaMl 



a'/ i if 



ti\£if£ '5~:sjl?'3g«. 



C " Whatsoever ye shall ask in my 
name, that will I do, that the Father 
may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall 
ask anything in my name, I will do it." 
John 14:13, 14. 

C Recently I had an interview with a 
sister who will soon offer herself to the 
General Board for some foreign mission 
work. Her experience thrilled with that 
quiet trust in God and devotion to His 
call that it should be helpful to many 
others. In substance she said, " When I 

was in school at often the call 

to consecrate my life more fully 
came loudly to me but I turned a deaf 
ear. I went to the State Normal to pre- 
pare for my chosen profession, teaching. 
The Lord followed me not only with His 
goodness but His continued calling and 
at last I surrendered all. But my dear 
parents at first did not assent. I attend- 
ed a missionary convention at : — and 

laid the matter before one of the 
lady speakers. She said, " Let us pray 
for your parents " and we knelt. Such 
a prayer I am not often permitted to 
hear.' I returned home to find my par- 
ents not only reconciled to my going, but 
now they are making many proper prep- 
arations for my anticipated service in 
distant lands. And we all are happy in 
the Lord. Indeed God does answer 
prayers these days for the advancement 
of His Kingdom." 

C Speaking of God answering prayers, 
I am wondering how many ask amiss be- 
cause they want something alone in the 
realm of personal satisfaction or attain- 
ment and their hearts are not fully sub- 
missive to the will of the Lord. Saved 
to serve is the only reason Christ saves 



any one. All prayer for the kingdom 
should have service and this alone in it ; 
and when that alone stands in our pray- 
ers, when home, loved ones and life com- 
forts are not the aim, but the advance- 
ment of the kingdom, one may know as- 
suredly that the promises of the Lord 
are yea and amen. 

C Suppose a missionary goes to a for- 
eign field or a young minister takes up a 
pastorate in one of our cities. Both are 
men of high ideals. They in the inner 
chambers of the heart declare " I shall 
not withdraw from this place until I 
have succeeded in planting a church," 
or accomplished this or the other thing 
their hearts have aspired to. While the 
ambition is a good one, it is possible the 
Lord may compel them to give up their 
ambition or keep them at their posts 
much longer than they had planned. 
Submission to the will of the Lord 
whether the result be apparent failure or 
brilliant success, is what the Lord wants. 
It is possible that one may be. called to 
serve where visible results are slow in 
manifesting. 

C Anyhow, the best and most lasting 
results are those hidden in the heart. 
Prayer moves the great heart of the 
Father. He has promised to hear the 
cry of His children. I know He hears 
and answers prayer. But I also know 
that those prayers have been quickest 
answered when I was in greatest 
straits and knew not how to go. Then 
indeed I have found the answer on the 
way even while I wrestled in prayer. 
And the one great lesson of life to be 
learned in prayer, in service, in all, is 



74 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



" not my will but Thine be done " in all 
things. 

C Sister Sadie Miller says the reason 
she has not been writing much lately to 
the Visitor is because she has been a 
greater part of the time away from the 
typewriter out in the jungle laboring 
among the poor and neglected. We dis- 
like to hear so little from her but rejoice 
that she is thus engaged for the Master. 

C Brethren Ross and Long must have 
had an unusually profitable trip thru 
southern India studying different phases 
of missionary endeavor, if their letters 
are to indicate anything. In due time 
readers of the Visitor will get a mes- 
sage from them concerning their trip. 

C It is encouraging to note that mis- 
sion receipts this winter have been run- 
ning about fifty per cent better than a 
year ago. The church surely ought to 
be more earnest givers than in times past 
and any indication in that direction can 
be hailed with none other than joy. 

H Miss Sarah Long has taken up city 
mission work in Grand Rapids, Michi- 
gan, under the direction of the District 
Board. She orders the Visitor for her- 
self and a number of tracts for use in 
the city. 

C It is to be regretted from the stand- 
point of the Indianapolis mission that 
Sister Mary Stoner has felt that her line 
of duty takes her to her home at Ladoga, 
Indiana. To those who are seeking the 
kingdom first, the appointments of life 
are all the Father's appointments and 
witnessing then is precious at home or 
away from home. 

C The fiscal year for the Mission Board 
ends March 31. Donations which are 
not received before that date CANNOT 
be considered in the contributions re- 
ported to this coming Conference. The 
Annual Meeting offering at Harrison- 
burg last spring is included in the report 
which is to be submitted to Conference 
this coming spring. The offering at 



Winona will be part of next year's re- 
port. In May or June issue will be pub- 
lished a continuance of the Mirror and 
Reflector and churches have from now 
till March 31, 1910, to make their record 
for this year. What shall it be ? 

C At Ankleshwer, India, where Brother 
Stover is at work, there is much prospect 
for an ingathering and unusual occasion 
for rejoicing. Bro. Stover and others 
are working and praying, feeling sure 
the time of harvest is nigh. 

C Stephen Berkebile has recovered so 
completely that he is entering upon his 
duties again. He and his wife feel they 
have unusual reasons for praising God. 

C Sister Mary N. Ouinter enjoys her 
management of the widows' home at 
Jalalpor. Her work is not without its 
problems, for she is assigned one of the 
most needy class of India's wretched 
ones. 

H Bro. D. L. Miller has had unusual 
opportunities of making himself useful 
among the churches of the West. After 
visiting twelve of them he has made his 
home in Pasadena for the remainder of 
the winter. His meetings -have resulted 
in some conversions to the body of 
Christ and we feel sure a large number 
of conversions in the church to a closer 
walk with God and a greater consecra- 
tion to His cause. Both are exceedingly 
helpful. 

H Mary N. Quinter and Sadie J. Miller 
on their return home on furlough this 
coming summer have planned to stop at 
the World's Missionary, Conference at 
Edinburgh, Scotland. The committee ap- 
pointed to go to Europe this summer 
greatly regrets that the moving of An- 
nual Meeting later than regular time 
brings it in conflict with this great mis- 
sionary gathering which is held only 
once every ten years, and so it cannot at- 
tend. The benefits of such a meeting in 
securing a world survey can hardly be 
measured. 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



75 



C Texas and Louisiana send in an- 
other report of district mission work and 
it would be helpful if every district 
would do likewise. Their report covers 
August 1 to January 1. Only two work- 
ers, — the one J. A.- Miller spent 71 days, 
preached 48 sermons, made 55 visits, 
traveling about 2,600 miles at a total 
traveling expense of $101.10. He con- 
ducted one council meeting. The other 
worker, K. G. Tennison, gave fourteen 
days, preached 12 sermons, traveled over 
200 miles at a total expense of $6.65. 
He attended one love feast and one coun- 
cil meeting. The district is very desir- 
ous of having more workers and more 
means to reach out in the great field just 
at their door. 

<[ D. J. Lichty and wife spent nearly 
two weeks at Mt. Morris in January 
during the Bible term, both making pub- 
lic addresses on India and her needs 
much to the satisfaction of those attend- 
ing. 

C Jesse Emmert and wife expect to 
visit the churches in California, this 
spring. It should be remembered that 
the Sunday schools of this district are 
supporting Sister Emmert on the India 
field. The schools of Middle Pennsyl- 
vania are supporting Bro. Emmert and 
he is now visiting a number of the 
schools. When last heard from he was 
taking an important part in the Bible 
term at Juniata. 

C An earnest consecrated young broth- 
er twenty-two years old in the great 
Northwest sends in 50c for the renewal 
of his Missionary Visitor and has this 
to say : " Guess as far as being a min- 
ister is concerned I am entitled to it on 
3^our free list, but I am accomplishing so 
little and feel so unworthy that I'll' not 
ask it free. Only in the ministry about 
one and one-half years and am out on 
the frontier on a homestead and my place 



of appointment is seven and one-half 
miles distant. (No organized church.) 
I've never failed yet in getting there 
tho I must walk there and back to do it. 
Also teach a Sunday-school class in our 
little Union Sunday school there." 
This is the willingness and love for 
God's cause which brings results. It is 
the ambition worthy of emulation by 
God's ministers everywhere. It is 
stamped with divine approval. Would 
to God that this same perseverance and 
willingness to sacrifice might permeate 
the ranks of our young brethren from 
one side of the Brotherhood to the other. 

f[ While still at the Rochester Conven- 
tion tho near its close Bro. Jesse Emmert, 
missionary home on furlough from India, 
thus speaks of a newer mission he feels 
he has to the churches he will visit this 
winter : " I am not going to strive to 
entertain and please by telling stories 
of India, but shall try hard to use my 
opportunity and the credit people natur- 
ally give returned missionaries, to link 
my hearers vitally with me in this work." 
He has struck the right note. It is so 
easy, to simply tell what will entertain, 
but the church today is needing the plant- 
ing of conviction in the heart,- — that con- 
viction that falters not till the world has 
been conquered for Christ. 

C Three of the McPherson delegates to 
the Rochester Student volunteer conven- 
tion, — Prof. S. C. Miller, Sisters Lula 
Ullom and Elsie Buckman gave the Mis- 
sion rooms a pleasant call and told of 
the unusual value the convention had 
been to them. If their enthusiasm accel- 
erates in crossing the prairies in propor- 
tion to the aggressiveness which marks 
so much of western thot and church 
activity McPherson will have the benefit 
of a strong impetus and the District will 
take still greater strides in general mis- 
sion work. 



When Paul was a Pharisee he thought he was blameless : when 
he was a Christian, the chief of sinners. — Selected. 



76 The Missionary Visitor Fe m ary 

Financial Report 

FORM OF LEGACY.— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct m} T executor (or executors,) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to th; General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information majr be had by addressing the Board. 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR THE VISITOR. 

Dec. Dec. Apr.-Dec. Apr.-Dec. Inc. Dec. 

1909 1910 1908 1909 

World-Wide, ....$2,012 26 $3,155 84 $ 7,737 42 $20,840 65 $13,103 23 

India, 416 69 442 47 2,672 04 ' 3,252 43 580 39 

Brooklyn, 45 30 270 82 $ 270 82 

Miscellaneous, .... 154 55 168 82 441 62 693 06 251 44 



Bicentennial, 



$2,628 80 $3,767 13 $11,121 90 $24,786 14 $13,664 24 

31,180 23 $31,180 23 



$2,628 80 $3,767 13 $42,302 13 $24,786 14 



SI". 515 ?} 



During the month of December the General 
Mission Board sent out 211,547 pages of 
tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
the receipt of the following donations during 
December, 1909: 

WORLD-WIDE MISSION. 

Pennsylvania— -$430.31. 

Eastern District. 

Elizabethtown Reading Circle ? 3 85 

Individuals. 

S. H. Hertzler, $5; Abram Fackler, 
$5: Sallie Wingerd, $3; H. H. Royer, 

$3; A. J. Kreps, $1, 17 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Hill, $25.35; Upper Cano- 
wago. $23.53; Upper Cumberland, 

$14.85, 63 73 

Individuals. 

John F. Sprenkel, $100; J. J. Oi- 
ler, $30; Chas. Brown, $20; H B. Mil- 
ler, $10; Alice K. Trimmer. $5; H. 
C. Price, $2.50; Jacob Beeler. $2; 
John Lehner, $1.50; Helen Price, 
$1.25; John H Miller, $1; Mrs. B. F. 
Hornberger, 50 cents; Barbara Leiter, 

50 cents 174 25 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lewistown, $24.35; Claar, $8.40; 

Spring Run, $7.87 40 62 

Sunday School. 

Lewistown, 2 .63 

Individuals. 

Mrs. J. B. Miller, $5; John R Stay- 
er, $3; Adam Stayer and wife, $2; 
Phoebe Zook. $1; Nancv Madison, $1; 

Geo. S. Myers, $1, 13 00 

"Western District, Congregations. 

Summit Mills, $29.50; Purchase 
Line, — Manor Cong., $18; County Line 
— Indian Creek Cong., $8.66; Dunnings 
Creek, $5; Ten Mile, $2.84 64 00 



Sunday Schools. 

Summit. — Brothers Vallev -Cong., 

$10.41; Pleasant Grove, $10.22, $ 20 63 

Individuals. 

Sister Jennie Beam's S. S. Class 

Johnstown, 7 10 

Individuals. 

Herman Rummel. $7.50; Rhoda A. 
Brown, $5: H. D. Widdower. $5: Joel 
Gnagey, $3; Samuel Brown, $2; Galen 
K. "Walker (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents: R. E. Reed, 50 cents, 23 50 

Iowa— S374.58, 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Ejngsley, $56; Grundy County, $31; 87 00 

Individuals. 

Samuel Fike. $12: Edward Zapf. $6; 
Henry S. Sheller. $5; Eliz. Albright, 
$5; Fred Zapf, $5; E. M. Lichty, $3; 
Julia Gilbert, 90 cents; Jonas D. 
Sweitzer, 80 cents; A. W. Miller, 75 

cents 38 45 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Coon River, $50: Cedar Rapids, 
$24.60: Garrison, $10.16: Cedar. $8.30; 

Muscatine, $5 98 06 

Sunday Schools. 

Panther Creek, 33 50 

Individuals. 

S. Badger. $5: A E. West. $5: D. 
W. Miller. $5: Ida M. Dotv. $2.10: C. 
Z. Reitz. $1.20: E. L. "West, $1; Vinton 
and Louisa Artz. 50 cents; W. H 

Blough. 40 cents, 20 20 

Southern District. Congregations. 

English River. $59.62: South Keo- 
kuk. $13.60: Libertvville, $12.05; Fair- 
view. $7.70, 92 97 

Individuals. 

Jacob Keffer. $1.20: W. G. Caskev. 
$1.20: Mrs. D. M. Baughman. $1: L. 
M. Kob (Marriage Noticet, 50 cer.:=: 
D. F. Sink (Marriage Notice), : 
cents, 4 40 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



77 



Illinois — $328.46. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Lanark, $36.40; Cherry Grove, 
$32.77; Pine Creek, $21.83; Shannon, 
$20.70; Waddams Grove, $17; Mil- 

ledgeville, $9.46, 

Individuals. 

Wm. Wingerd, $12; Emma G. Beck- 
ner, $10; John Weber, $5; Wm. Lamp- 
in, $5; John C. Lampin, $5; D. W. 
Barkman, $5; Joseph and Jane Arn- 
old, $5; Daniel Beard, $5; E. Weigle, 
$5; Galen B. Royer, $4.50; Daniel Bar- 
rick, $3; Jacob F. Butterbaugh, $2.50; 
Lee Boyer, $1.25; C. G. Binkley, $1.25; 
Jennie Harley, $1.20; A. L. Moats, 
$1.20; Mrs. Eliz. Wieand, $1; W. R 
Thomas, $1; J. M. Lutz, $1; Lizzie 
Shirk, $1; Israel Cripe, $1; "A Sis- 
ter, Dixon," $1; O. D. Buck (Marriage 
Notices), $1; Levi S. Shively (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents; Mrs. G. W. 
Harshman, 50 cents; Reuben J. and 

Sarah E. Faringer, 40 cents, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Cerro Gordo, $60.50; Centennial, 

Okaw Congregation, $10, 

Individuals. 

James and Hannah M. Wirt, $10; 
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Turney, $6; David 
Blickenstaff, $5; I. G. Cripe, $5; M. 
D. Hershey and wife, $3; Isaac Eik- 
enberry, $2.50; Atta C. Eikenberry, 
$2.50; Benjamin Bowman, $2.50; Lulu 
M. Thurman, $1; Eliza Renner, $1; 

J. W. Stutzman, $1 

Indiana — $333.09. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Blue River, $21; Cedar Lake, $13; 
Yellow Creek, $10.42; Maple Grove, 

$8; Elkhart Valley, $3.65, 

Christian Workers. 

Bremen, 

Individuals. 

Susan Schrock, $15; Levi Zum- 
brun and wife, $12; Mrs. C. C. Weng- 
er, $11; Mrs. Nettie Johnson, $10; 
Jacob O. Culler, $6; Christian Stoud- 
er, $5; Susan Yoder, $2; Hamon Hoov- 
er, $2; Daniel Whitmer, $2; D. B. 
Hartman, $2; David Steele, $1.50; H. 
W. Krieghbaum (Marriage Notices), 
$1.50; Sarah Whitmer, $1.50; Levi 
Hoke, $1.25; W. H. Brumbaugh, $1; 
Noah H. Shutt, $1; B. J. Miller, $1; 
I. L. Berkey, $1; Enos W. Bowers, 
$1; Lanah Hess, $1; Samuel E. Good, 
$1; Wm. H. Shidler (Marriage Notice), 
50 cents; D. E. Hoover (Marriage 
Notice), 50 cents; John S. Kauffman, 

50 cents, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pyrmont, $31.05; Lower Deer Creek, 

$5.30, 

Sunday School. 

Burnetts Creek, 

Individuals. 

"Incognito," $35; A brother, $7; 
James K. Cline, $6; E. G. Butter- 
baugh, $3; Brother and Sister W. L. 
Angle, $3; Ezra Fahrney, $2.50; Eliza- 
beth Fahrney, $2.50; Daniel Karn, 
$2.50; Louisiana Priser, $1.50; John 
W. Hoover, $1.50; M. E. Miller, $1; 
Andrew Fouts, $1; J. O. Weddel, $1; 
G. W. Butterbaugh, 95 cents; Jacob 
Jones, 50 cents; W. F. Neal, 50 cents, 
Elizabeth Jones, 50 cents; James 
Himelich, 50 cents; Emma F. Eiken- 
berry, 10 cents, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Nettle Creek, 

Individuals. 

"A Brother," $15; W. K. Simmons, 
$7.20; Chas. Ellabarger, $3; W. B. 
Young, $1.20; Amanda Widows, $1; 
Susan Metzger, $1; Levi S. Dilling, 
$1; Catharine Bowman, $1; Jeremiah 
Latshaw, $1; John S. Hoffert, 50 
cents; Dennis Hufford, 50 cents, .... 
Virginia- — $280.36. 
First District, Congregations. 

Botetourt, $31.25; Pleasant Hill, 
$15.83; Topeco, $2.50; Burks, $2.35, .. 



$ 138 16 



80 30 
70 50 



39 50 



35 07 
3 50 



81 25 

36-35 

7 07 



70 55 
45 90 



32 40 



51 93 



Second District, Congregations. 

Bridgewater, $71.37; Mill Creek 
$66.26; Greenmount, $20.50; Mt. Vern- 
on $10.62, $ 168 75 

Individuals. 

W. H. Sipe, $6.65; D. F. Long, $6 

B. W. Neff, $5; Susan and Ida Wine 
$4; N. W. Beery, $3.33; J. L. Zim- 
merman, $3.30; Mollie V. Foster. 
$2.50; S. A. Sanger, $2.40; A. W 
Diehl, $2.25; D. F. Long, $2; Mary S 
Zimmerman, $1.65; Jane A. Zimmer 
man, $1.65; Bettie E. Good, $1.50 
John S. Flory, $1.50; D. S. Neff, $1.50 
James R. Shipman, $1.50; Mrs. Mary 

C. Cline, $1; B. Bessie Cupp, $1; 
John S. Garber, $1; J. N. and Hettie 

E. Smith, $1; J. S. Roller, $1; Eliz 
A. Andes, 65 cents; John L. Driver 
65 cents; E. D. Kendig, 65 cents; Mrs 
Anna Wampler, 60 cents; Susanna 
Flory, 50 cents; Madison and Cath- 
arine Kline, 50 cents; Benjamin 
Cline, 40 cents; S. I. Stoner, 40 cents; 
S. Frank Cox, 40 cents; Salome A. 
Gochenour, 35 cents; M. G. Sanger, 
35 cents; L. S. Miller, 30 cents; John 

F. Wampler, 30 cents; Nannie D. 
Humberd, 30 cents; John D. Huddle, 
•25 cents; Nannie A. Brown, 25 cents; 
Elizabeth Showalter, 25 cents; Sal- 
lie B. Stoner, 20 cents; Mary Sho- 
walter, 20 cents; A. J. Miller, 20 
cents; D. F. Long, 15 cents; Nannie 

J. Miller, 10 cents, 59 68 

Ohio — $250.32. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Danville, $25; Chippewa, $23.71, .. 48 71 

Individuals. 

George Good, $15; Wm. Domer, 
$10; Mrs. Geo. M. Weidler, $6; Mr. 
and Mrs. A. C. Thompson $5; Mary 
A. Shroyer, $3; Jacob Leckrone, 
$1.50; John Dupler, $1.20; Noah 
Horn, $1; Amanda Sollenberger, $1, .. 43 70 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $22.42; Swan Creek, 
$18.83; Oak Grove — Rome, $13.47; 
Fostoria, $11.65; Black Swamlp, 

$7.48; Lick Creek, $4.40 78 25 

Sunday Schools. 

Sand Ridge, 2 72 

Individuals. 

M. W. Printz, $10; Minerva Printz, 
$6; Aaron Smith, $5; T. A. Sellers, 
$3; David Berkebile, $2.40; Joseph 
S. RobisGn, $2; Lydia Dickey, $1.50; 
John R. Snyder, $1; Catharine Dick, 

$1, 31 90 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Salem, 18 

Aid Society. 

Union City 6 06 

Individuals. 

John E. Gnagey, $15; Sidney E. 
Coffman, $6; David Fultz, $3.75; Wm. 
Klepinger, $3; C. M. Smith, $2.50; 
Allen Ockerman, $2; A. J. Weimer, 
$1.25; W. H. Folkerth, $1.20; Eli 
Niswonger, $1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20; 
John O. Warner, $1.20; Chas. F. 
Flory (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, . . 
Kansas — $236.08. 
Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Overbrook, $13; Vermilion, $7, .... 
Individuals. 

Chas. Christenson, $10; W. B. Price, 

$1.50; Mary R. Mohler, $1 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Altamont 

Individual. 

Wm. Kirkendall 

Northwestern District, Congregations 

Belleville, $28.18; Dorrance, $6.35, 
Individuals. 

W. H. Williams, wife and family, 
Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Larned, $38.30; Pleasant View, 
$31.91; Wichita, $20.10; Eden Valley, 
$17; Slate Creek, $16.84; Walton, $11; 

Hutchinson Mission, $2 137 15 

Individuals. 

C. C. Trostle, $10; S. M. Brown, 



3S 


SO 


20 


00 


12 


50 


2 


40 


2 


00 


34 


53 


6 


00 



78 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



90 


57 


4 


50 


141.08 


5 


00 



$2.50; J. C. Ulrey, $2; S. A. Honberg- 
er, $2; Tena Glathart, $1; Jacob 
Stutzman, $1; Katie Tost, $1; "A Sis- 
ter," $1 $ 2150 

California — $172.46. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Reedley, $28.15; Raisin City, $16.79; 
Sacramento Valley, $15; Butte Valley, 

$7.35, 67 29 

Christian Workers. 

Fruitvale, . . . : 1 50 

Individuals. 

Thos. N. Beckner, $2.60; Mrs. W. 
H. Stempel, $2; From an isolated Sis- 
ter, $2; Sarah J. Beckner, $1; W. M. 
Piatt (Marriage Notice), 50 cents; 

Angeline Reese, 50 cents, 8 60 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Glendora, $24.31; Lordsburg, $20; 
South Los Angeles, $17.36; Inglewood, 

$15 ; Covina, $13.90 

Individuals. 

Walter and Selma Stephens, $2.50; 

Martha J. Gray, $2, 

North Dakota — $164.58. 
Congregations. 

Willistdn, $117.06; Cando, $24.02, . , 
Sunday School. 

Hebron 

Individuals. " 

Bro. and Sister S. L. King, $10; 
Henry and Elizabeth Kile, $8; Thomas 
Allen (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, ... 18 50 

West Virginia — $124.80. 
First District, Congregations. 

Maple Spring, $57.80; Greenland, 
$14.30; Beaver Run, $10.37; Sandy 
Creek, $10.02; Glade View, $7.34; 
Hevner, $5; Seneca, $4.47; Harmon, 

$3.50, 112 80 

Second District, Individuals. 

A Brother, Simpson, $9; Sarah E. 
Newlon, $1; Thomas Griffith, $1; E. 

Lodge Ross, $1 12 00 

Maryland— ^77.00. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek, $28.50; Frederick, $7, . . 35 50 

Sunday School. 

Woodbury, 3 75 

Christian Workers. - 

Westminster, 4 05 

Individuals. 

Alfred Englar, $5; Mary L. Stouffer, 
$2.50; Barbara Stouffer, $2.50; David 
M. Young, $1; W. E. Roop (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Beaver Creek, 

Individuals. 

Jonas E. Flook, $1.20; D. L. Martin, 

$1, 

Western District, Individual. 

Geo. W. Beeghley, Bear Creek, .... 
Missouri — $68.95. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Smith Fork, 21 75 

Individuals. 

John Van Trump, $5; S. B. Shirkey, 

$5; Laura E. Folger, $1.20 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Clear Fork, 

Individuals. 

D.- C. Bosserman, $8.50; O. Perry 

Hoover, $6.10, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Carthage, $7; Peace Valley, $4.65, 
Individuals. 

"From one of the Least," $5; 
George Ely, $1; Emma E. Wyland, $1; 

Mary M. Cox, 50 cents, 7 50 

■Washington — $55.23. 
Congregation. 

Sunnyside, $33.75; Lakeside, $5.48; 

Myers Creek, $4 43 23 

Individuals. 

"A Widow," $10; S. Bock and wife, 

$1; L. Clanin and wife, $1 12 00 

Michigan — $42.78. 
Congregations. 

Thornapple, $18.56; Riverside, $3.50, 22 06 

Sunday Schools. 

New Haven, $9.70; East Thornap- 
ple, $8.02 17 72 



11 


50 


15 


00 


2 


20 


5 


00 



11 


20 


2 


25 


14 


60 


11 


65 



Aid Society. 

Scottville, $ 2 00 

Individual. 

John C. Jehnzen, 1 00 

Oklahoma — $41.64. 
Congregations. 

Mound Valley, $29; Big Creek, $6; 

Washita, $4.44; Bright Star, $1 40 44 

Individual. 

W. P. Bosserman 1 20 

Or egon— $31 .77. 
Congregations. 

Portland, $9; Newberg, $8.02; Tal- 
ent, $6.75; Mohawk Valley, $3, 26 77 

Individual. 

A. H. Baltimore, 5 00 

Colorado— -$26.50. 
Congregation. 

Rocky Ford, 14 50 

Individuals. 

Nancy D. Underhill, $5; Conrad 
Fitz, $5; Annie Talhelm, $1; C. A. 
Shank (Marriage Notice), 50 cents; 
Salem Beery (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, 12 00 

Tennessee— $19.66. 
Congregations. 

New Hope, $6.30; Knob Creek, $6; 
Mountain Valley, $5.26; Pleasant Val- 
ley, $1.10, 18 66 

Individual. 

James Mcintosh 100 

South Dakota — $14.75. 
Congregation. 

Willow Creek 13 75 

Individual. 

Mrs. T. J. McBride, 100 

North Carolina — $14.66. 
Congregations. 

Flat Rock, $8.53; Pleasant Grove, 

$4.66 13 19 

Sunday School. 

Flat Rock, l 47 

Minnesota— -$13.66. 
Congregations. 

Hancock, $9.35; Morrill, $4.31, .... 13 66 

Canada — $11.50. 
Individuals. 

Louisa Shaw, $10; Mrs. Daisy High- 
berg, $1; E. M. Culler (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 1150 

Montana — $10.00. 
Individual. 

O. A. McGraw 10 00 

Arizona — $8.35, 
Congregation. 

Glendale 8 35 

Idaho — $6.35. 
Congregation. 

Twin Falls 5 35 

Individual. 

J. B. Lehman, 1 00 

Arkansas— -$5.0O. 
Congregation. 

Austin, 4 00 

Individual. 

W. S. Watts, 100 

Texas — $5.00. 
Individuals. 

N. Bowman and wife, 5 00 

Nebraska — $3.00. 
Individuals. 

Wm. and Ruth McGaffy, $2; Mary 

R. Hargleroad, $1, 3 00 

Wisconsin — $1.50. 
Individuals. 

J. E Zollers, $1; John Patten, 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 1 50 

3j oui s i an a— $ 1.50. 
Congregation. 

Roanoke 1 50 

Alabama — -$1.50. 
Individual. 

Luther Petry 150 

New Mexico— -$0.50. 
Individual. 

Jacob Wyne (Marriage Notice),. ... 50 

Total for the month, $ 3,155 84 

Previously reported 17,684 81 

Total for year so far $20,840 65 



February 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



79 



INDIA ORPHAN-AGE. 
Kansas — $98.06. 

Northeastern District, Christian "Workers. 

Kansas City $ 20 00 

Sisters' Aid Societies. 

Appanoose, $20; Washington Creek, 

$20 40 00 

Individual. 

Miss Alice Wimer, 32 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Slate Creek, 606 

Illinois— -^$34.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 4 00 

Individual. 

L. Studebaker, 20 00 

Southern District, Sisters' Aid Society. 

Centennial — Okaw Congregation, . . 5 00 

Sundav School. 

Centennial — Okaw Congregation, . 5 00 

OMo — $28.00. 
Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

Greenspring 8 00 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pitsburg — Ludlow Congregation, . . 20 00 

Idaho — $27.50. 
Sunday Schools. 

Winchester, $25; Boise Valley, 

$2.50, 27 50 

California— ^$26.00. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Butte City 10 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

South Los Angeles 16 00 

South Dakota — $20.00. 
Individuals. 

Guy P. and Eva Heagley Hurst, . . 20 00 
Indiana — $20.00. 
Middle District. 

Mrs. C. M. Mertz's S. S. Class, . . 20 00 

Pennsylvania— -$20.00. 
Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Parkerford, 20 00 

Louisiana— $20.00. 

Class 3, Roanoke Sunday School, . . 20 00 

Canada— -$16.25. 

Fairview Sunday School, 16 25 

Michigan — $14.00. 

Woodland Congregation, 10 00 

"Woodland Mission Band, 4 00 

Nebraska — $10.16. 

Bethel^ Sunday School, 10 16 

Iowa, — $10.00. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

South Keokuk, 10 00 

Washing-ton — $2.50. 
Individual. 

Susie E. Reber 2 50 

West Virginia — $2.00. 

Indivdual. 

Allie King Leatherman, $1; Bula 

Shoemaker, 75 cents; Virgil Bailey, 

25 cents, - 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 348 47 

Previously received, 2,314 77 

Total for year so far, $2,663 24 

INDIA MISSION. 
Indiana — $50.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

T. C. Elson, $ 50 00 

Ohio— $15.50. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Maumee . . 15 00 

Northeastern District. 
Individual. 

Reuben S. Mohler, 50 

Illinois — $7.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 7 50 

Texas — $6.50. 
Individuals. 

Mrs. W. T. Sprague, $5; Ida and 
Gena Sprague, 50 cents; "Wilbur 
Sprague, 50 cents; Pearl Sprague, 50 

cents 6 50 

Pennsylvania — $6.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Susannah Hutchison, 6 00 

Oklahoma — $5.00. 

Receipt No. 11513, 5 00 



Canada, — $2.00. 

Individuals. 

Lester T. Jordan, $1; Mrs. Sarah 

Jordan, $1, $ 2 00 

Illinois — $1.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

M. D. Hershey and wife 1 50 

Total for the month $ 94 00 

Previously reported, 459 19 

Total for the year so far $ 553 19 

CHINA MISSION. 
Washington — $24.00. 
Individuals. 

S. Bock and wife, $ 24 00 

Illinois — $23.88. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, .' 10 50 

Birthday Offerings, Shannon S. S., 7 88 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Geo. W. Trone, $4; M. D. Hershey 

and wife, $1.50, 5 50 

Virginia; — $1 0.74. 
First District. 

Botetourt Congregation 1 00 

Class No. 7, Roanoke City, 5 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Manassas 4 74 

Colorado — $9.00. 

Colorado City Congregation 9 00' 

Oklahoma — $5.00. 

Receipt No. 11513, 5 00 

Maryland-— $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Clara A. Mullendore, 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $5.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Susannah Hutchison, 5 00 

California; — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Walter and Selma Stephens, 2 50 

Ohio — $2.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Amanda Sollenberger, $1; Reuben S. 
Mohler, 50 cents; Sherman Mohler, 

50 cents, 2 00 

Indiana — -$2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Snow Mahorney, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 89 12 

Previously reported, 350 35 

Total for the year so far, $ 439 47 

NEW ENGLAND MISSION. 

Illinois — $50.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A Brother, $ 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total for the year so far, $ 50 00 

CUBAN MISSION. 
Virginia, — $9.20. 
Second District, Congregation. 

Manassas $ 9 20 

Cuba— $6.00. 

Omaja Congregation, 6 00 

Indiana— $3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Snow Mahorney, 3 00 

Ohio — $2.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

G. S. Throne and wife, 2 50 

Total for the month $ 20 70 

Previously reported, 31 59 

Total for year so far, $ 52 29 

CUBA MEETINGHOUSE. 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Reuben S. Mohler, 50 cents; Sher- 
man Mohler, 50 cents $ 100 

Total for the month $ 1 00 

Previously reported, 51 76 

Total for year so far, $ 52 76 



80 



The Missionary Visitor 



February 
1910 



CHURCH EXTENSION. 
Indiana — $4.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Chas. Ellabarger, , 



4 00 



Total for the month, 
Previously reported, 



4 00 
70 80 



Total for year so far, .' 

PHILIPPINE MISSION. 
Or egon — $2 .00. 

Individuals. 

Jacob and Nancy Bahr, 



,$ 74 80 



2 00 



Total for year so far, 

COLORED MISSION. 
Ohio — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
Amanda Sollenberger, 



2 00 



1 00 



Total for the month, 
Previously reported, 



1 00 
17 91 



Total for year so far, 

AFRICAN MISSION. 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart, 



18 91 



1 00 



Total for year so far, 
THE 



1 00 
EX- 



BRETHREN SUNDAY-SCHOOL 
TENSION OP CHICAGO. 

We acknowledge the following remittances 
for the month of December, 1909: 

General Fund. 
California. — A. E. Thomas, Inglewood, $8.23. 
Idaho. — Gilbert Betts, Nampa, $2.60. Illinois. 
— D. J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, $9; Otho Watson, 
Mt. Carroll, $19.03; Amy N. Trout, Lanark, 
$5.28; Dow A. Ridgeley, Parkersburg, $13.81; 
Millard R. Myers, Chicago, $1.68. Total, $48.80. 
Indiana. — Noah W. Butterbaugh, Silverlake, $8; 
D. W. Bowman, Anderson, $1.91; Ethel Martin, 
Arcadia, $5; Frank Dillon, Dublin, $7.28; B. 
J. Miller, Nappanee, $10.15; Michael Bowman, 
Topeka, $4; David Ober, La Otto, $5.94; A. J. 
Bowers, Darlington, $5. Total, $47.28. Iowa. 
— H. W. Cakerice, Whitten, $12; Samuel Badg- 
er, Dallas Center, 80 cents; Minnie Mentzel, 
Robins, 26 cents; Wm. Flora, Greene, $6. Total 
$19.06. Kansas.— Frank L. Crist, Olathe, 
$4.37; Elmer C. Peck, Morrill, $7.65; Isaac 
Garst, Quinter, $1. Total, $13.02. Maryland. 
— Chas. C. Smith, Burkittsvdlle, $5; Lizzie 
Bussard, Sharpsburg, 11 cents; "J. E. F." 
Mapleville, $1. Total, $6.11. Michigan. — John 
C. Jehnzen, Rodney, $7.60; Martha Whitmer, 
Beaverton, $1.82; Harmon Towns, Suhfield, 
$3.80. Total, $13.22. Missouri. — J. J. Was- 
sam, Cabool, $4.15; Adda E. Gray, Mountain 
Grove, $3.25; G. T. Temple, Stet, $3.71. Total, 
$11.11. North Dakota.- — J. W. Schlotman, Lar- 
rabee, $10; H. O. McCann, Sykeston, $14.2,6 
Jas. O. Kerler, Zion, $11.70. Total, $35.96 
Ohio. — Lester Heisey, West Milton, $4.52 
Mahlon Moyer, Alvordton, $4.60; A. S. Meyers 
Deunquat, $5.15; H. H. Detwiler, Columbiana 
$7.47; Crist Snavely, Republic, $2.45. Total 
$24.19. Oklahoma. — Charlie Showalter, Thom- 
as, $11.54. Oregon. — Sarah A. Van Dyke, New- 
berg, $5. Pennsylvania. — M. R. Brumbaugh, 
Henrietta, $3.50; Irwin R. Pletcher, Stahls- 
town, $2; Chas. Warren, Fairfield, 65 cents; 
Jas. Q. Hershberger, Everett, $2.44; C. L. 
Buck, New Enterprise, $16.25; D. M. Garhart, 
Grafton, $1; Florine Snowberger, East Free- 
dom, $1; Harvey Shoemaker, Johnstown, $1.61; 
Walter E. Cox, Warriors Mark, $3.34; J. P. 
Ritchey, Saxton, $2; J. H. Eshelman, Elizabeth- 
town, 2 cents; Elsie Schrock, Friedens, $12; 
Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, $5; M. C. Horn- 
er, Meyersdale, $5.51. Total, $56.32. Tennes- 
see. — A Brother, Morris town, $1. Virginia. — 
Peter Garber, Weyers Cave, $3.85; J. W. 
Wright, Grottoes, $8.50. Total, $12.35. West 
Virginia. — Noah Thomas, Brandonville, $1.07; 
J. B. Leatherman, Burlington, $1; A. W. Arnold, 
Pleasant Dale, $9.85. Total. $11.92. 



Building Fund. 

California. — D. D. Hufford, Macdoel, $33.50; 
Daisy Evans and mother, Los Angeles, $2. 
Total, $35.50. Idaho. — S. S. Neher, Twin Falls, 
$5.40. Illinois. — Virgil C. Finnell, Elgin, $5; 
I. C. Eisenhour, Chicago, $4.53; A. C. Kessler, 
Mulberry Grove, $2; M. S. Seymour, Palestine, 
$18.50. Total, $30.03. Indiana. — J. W. Rowda- 
baugh, Syracuse, $25.40; S. A. Hylton, Indian- 
apolis, $4; Tobias Helsel, Argos, $27.50; C. W. 
Zumbrum, Churubusco, $25.39; D. H. Brum- 
baugh, Markle, $10.90; Katie Neher, Flora, 
$10.20; H. H. Johnsonbaugh, Hagerstown, 
$5.56; Jacob Nissinger, Peru, $15.75; Thomas 
Griffith, Decatur, $2; Arthur G. Miller, Ply- 
mouth, $1.85. Total, $128.55. Iowa. — Ida 
Berkey, Ankeny, $6.50; A. P. Blough, Water- 
loo, $11.30; Ida M. Brown, Ollie, $7.86; Savilla 
Swab, Grundy Center, $5. Total, $30.66. 
Kansas. — F. A. Vaniman, McPherson, $12.46; 
George Eisenbise, Morrill, $7.50; Paul Eisen- 
bise, Morrill, $7.50. Total, $27.46. Louisiana. 
— Nellie Smith Hoke, Roanoke, $2.90. Mary- 
land. — Geo. W. Fouch, Brownsville, $24. 
Michigan. — D. E. Sower, Clarksville, $2.63; 
Martin Hardman, $4. Total, $.6:63. North Da- 
kota. — Winfield S. Sink, Brumbaugh, $17. 
Ohio. — C. Jay Workman, Danville, $13.65; 
Minerva Kintner, Bryan, $28.22; Blanche 
Landes, Beaverdam, $9.3-5; M. S. Young, East 
Akron, $15; Mahlon Moyer, Alvordton, $10.50; 
S. D. Musselman, Dayton, $6.35; W. P. Kreiner, 
Akron, $14.25; Eli Brown, Shelby, $5; J. I. 
Lindower, Fostoria, $2.79; Frank Blessing, 
Dayton, $20.60; Iona Rarick, North Star, $10.55; 
J. W. Hornish, Defiance, $18; S. S. Miller, 
Bradford, $16.58; Edw. A. Bollinger, Pioneer, 
$17.31; Mrs. H. R. Swihart, Leipsic, $2.51; 
Lena Shroyer, New Carlisle, $1.50; J. P. Kra- 
bill, Prairie Depot, $3.11; Geo. K. Good, Poland, 
$4.31; D. N. Schubert, Alvada, $5.33. Total, 
$204.91. Oklahoma. — J. O. Hartman, Reed, 80 
cents. Nebraska. — Mrs. H. A. Hoffert, Moores- 
field, $2.44. Pennsylvania, — A. B. Carper, Pal- 
myra, $2; Jerome E. Blough, Holsopple, $6.04; 
Daniel E. Guyer, New Enterprise, $6.36; Geo. 
W. Wertz, Johnstown, $9.2 6; John H. Miller, 
Lewistown, $3.25; Samuel Piatt, Berlin, $10.65; 
Ed. C. Bower, Kittanning, $3; J. H. Eshelman, 
Elizabethtown, $11.25; Wm. H. Hollinger, 
Shady Grove, $5.26; Frank F. Fyock, Johns- 
town, $3; David H. Mohler, Mechanicsburg, 
$11; Jas. Blattenberger, Markes, $10.25. Total, 
$81.32. Virginia. — Benj. F. Via, Free Union, 
$1; C. M. Brown, Winchester, $1. Total, $2. 
Washington. — Lena Inks, Wenatchee, $7. West 
Virginia. — Jacob S. Zigler, Gatewood, $3.40. 
Extension No. 2, Chicago, collections, $4.46. 

•Formerly reported in the General Fund and 
transferred during December to the Building 
Fund by request of the donors, $59.98. 

Total December receipts for General Fund, 
$327.71. 

Total December receipts for Building Fund, 
$674.44. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treasurer. 

Chicago, 1811 So. Clifton Park Ave. 



TWO VIEW POINTS OF A VEXED 
QUESTION. 

(Continued from Page 67.) 

many other places, where houses that 
are kept to let are usually furnished with 
everything, including lamps and dishes. 
Such a plan would cost the mission but 
a small fraction of what the present one 
costs the missionary, since once in the 
bungalow the furniture would remain. 



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Vol. XII 



MARCH, 1910 



No. 3 




Sawing* in India. 

As it was in the beginning, so is it now. 







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Contents for March, 1910 

EDITORIAL COMMENT,— ' 107 

WORLD-WIDE,— . . . 81 

ESSAYS,— 

Another Look at the Mirror, By W. L. Eikenberry, 83 

A Witch Doctor Believed, .■ ' 86 

Studying Chinese, By Emma Horning, 87 

India Notes, By E. H. Eby, 89 

The Indian Widow, By Nora E. Berkebile, 91 

TEMPERANCE,— 92-103 

THE LITTLE MISSIONARY,— 104 

FROM THE FIRING LINE,— 106 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 109 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOARD. REGULAR MEETING'S. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. ^Address 1 all' communications to the 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN GENERAL MISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. BOARD 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know "will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postomce at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 



Volume XII 



March, 1910 



N 



umber 



WORLD WIDE 



Since the Nashville Student Volun- 
teer Convention in 1906, there have 
been 1,275 volunteers sent to the field 
by 50 different Boards. Since that time 
61 volunteers have been called to their 
reward, four of them in the massacres 
in Asia Minor and Persia. 



A noted writer in India says, " It 
is my firm conviction that wherever 
Hinduism is in any sense a moral force 
today, it is due to the leaven of the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ." 



During the 300 years just preceding 
the Civil War only 20 negroes had re- 
ceived a college training. Now there 
are nearly 200 private schools and col- 
leges managed and almost entirely sup- 
ported by negroes. 



King Albert of Belgium seems to be 
as good as King Leopold was bad. As 
one proof of his purpose to cease the 
crimes of the Congo and carry out need- 
ed reforms, he has dismissed the for- 
mer officials and will place men in office 
whom he can trust to wipe out the re- 
volting horrors of the past. 



The Methodist Episcopal Church 
South employs this year sixty-one mis- 
sionaries among foreign speaking peo- 
ples in the United States. 



Russia still maintains eighty mis- 
sions on Alaskan soil, and spends a 
great deal of money in supporting 
them. 



There are forty heathen temples in 
our country burning incense to heathen 
s:ods. 



The Chinese Presbyterian church of 
Los Angeles gave last year $15.75 per 
member for Foreign Missions. 



The members of a Scotch Presby- 
terian church in East Africa have be- 
gun to build themselves a brick church 
entirely at their own expense. Some 
donate money, others give labor and 
some of the native chiefs are sending 
their people to aid in the construction. 
The main purpose of Christian Mis- 
sions is to teach the people to love God 
and to help themselves. 



A noted traveller in a recent book on 
Africa tells us that Uganda, Africa, is 
the only country he ever visited where 
every person of a suitable age went to 
church every Sunday morning. It has 
not been so many years ago when in 
this same country missionaries died 
martyrs to the cause of Christ. 

The First Presbyterian church of 
Wilmington, North Carolina, is sup- 
porting nine foreign missionaries at 
Kiany Yin, China. It also supports at 
this place twelve native Chinese work- 
ers. Besides these the church supports 
two other foreign missionaries, three 
home missionaries and four home mis- 
sion teachers. It is said that this First 
Church of Wilmington has more mem- 
bers in China than in the home church. 



82 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



The Mission Board of the United 
Presbyterian church reports 934 acces- 
sions to their church in Egypt during 
the year 1909. 

7ffl r 

Jn 1818 a women sent an offering of 
fifty cents to a foreign missionary so- 
ciety in New England and accompanied 
the same with these lines : 

" Go, fifty cents. Would you were more 
And thousands were your name; 
Then you might reach some distant shore 
And spread a Savior's name. 

" But yonder ocean's made of drops, 
And particles of sand or snow 
Can swell the lofty mountain tops 
Of Andes' towering brow. 

" The Lord can multiply your power 
More than the intrinsic worth; 
Go, do some good each passing hour; 
Go, help to bless the earth. 

" Go, join your sister currents round 
And mingle as you flow; 
Go, help to heal the bleeding wound 
And soothe the breast of woe." 



The demand for Bibles in Bulgaria 
with its 3,000,000 Moslems and 600,- 
000 Greeks was so large last year that 
the Bible Society could hardly supply 
the demand for New Testaments. Bi- 
ble sellers are received gladly by rich 
and poor alike, by Christians and Mo- 
hammedans. Even in Servia where most 
of the people belong to the Greek 
church there were many favorable for 
the Word of God. 

///// r 

It is said that almost the whole of 
the 2,000 prisoners of the Tokachi pris- 
on in Northern Japan have professed 
to believe in the Christian religion. 
The governor of the prison has for 
years been a Christian and other work- 
ers have been quietly sowing the good 
seed. Almost all of them have Bibles 
to aid them and many are earnest stu- 
dents. Christ came to seek and to save 
that which was lost. 



A Laos girl in a Christian school in 
her native country was offered a good 
rice field well stocked with cattle if she 
would give up Christianity. Her moth- 
er is dead and her father is poor but 
she declined the offer. When all Chris- 
tians become so loyal to their faith the 
conversion of the world will be made 
easy. 



Christians of Lien-Chou, China, have 
erected a monument to the memory of 
their missionaries who were martyred 
in 1905. 

m+ 

Three native Christians who were 
preaching Christ in Bulgaria not long 
since received letters threatening to 
kill them if they did not cease their 
preaching. When they reported the mat- 
ter to the Government they received 
the answer that the Government would 
see that the murderers were punished 
if the Christians were killed, but that it 
could not guarantee their safety, when 
they were yet alive. The Christians 
fled for their lives. 

An ancient legend tell us that when 
God created birds He gave them songs 
but no wings and gave each little song- 
ster a burden to carry. As each little 
singer placed the burden upon its back 
and started on its way, singing, the 
burden became wings and it soared 
gladly on the way. Christians with 
tasks to perform will find that singing 
too will lighten their burdens and make 
the road seem easy and the burdens 
light. 

When a Russian official said to Dr. 
Schauffler, " My Imperial Master, the 
Czar, will never allow Protestantism 
to set foot in Turkey," he calmly re- 
plied: "My Imperial Master, Christ, 
will never ask the emperor of Russia 
where He. may set His foot or plant 
His kingdom." — A. T. Pier son. 



March. 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



83 



Some of the American Bible Society- 
colporteurs in the south of our own 
land have had some experiences much 
like the times of the Middle Ages. 
One of them working among the 
French below New Orleans received 
threats to burn both him and his books. 



The work of evangelizing Japan has 
only begun. It is estimated that there 
are 30,000,000 yet to whom the Gospel 
has not been preached. Yet Christian 
influence has permeated all Japan. It 
means a great step in advance where 
fifty years ago in Japan it meant death 
to confess Christianity, to now find that 
in the semi-centennial celebration of 
Christianity we find the majority of the 
speakers are Japanese. 

A gift of $500,000 to the endowment 
fund of the American Bible Society, by 
Mrs. Russell Sage, was made, on the 
condition that they raise a correspond- 
ing amount. At last reports they were 
only needing about $37,000 to meet the 
conditions. 



Christianity is forcing its way into 
the great Russian Empire. In St. 
Petersburg alone there are now twelve 
evangelical churches. The Duma last 
summer enacted a law securing to min- 
ors between the ages of 14 and 21 years 
the right to choose their religion with 
the consent of their parents. 

This is a year of intense missionary 
agitation. The Student Volunteer 
Convention at Rochester, N. Y., with 
volunteers from more than seven hun- 
dred institutions of learning, the re- 
markable city campaigns of the Lay- 
men's Movement, and the World's Mis- 
sionary Conference at Edinburgh, 
Scotland, indicate that there is world- 
wide interest in Foreign Missions. 
With prayer and consecration much 
can be done to turn the world to Christ. 

There is but one religious periodical 
published in the Korean language. 
This is printed in San Francisco by 
Rev. C. F. Reid, D. D., and is known as 
the Korean Evangel. 



ANOTHER LOOK INTO THE MIRROR 

W. L. Eikenberry 

The following analysis of the growth of giving in our Brotherhood deserves a careful 
reading from those who have been interested in the Mirror's reflection. It should arouse the 
sleeper and cause strong men to buckle on their armor. 



The Missionary Mirror and Reflect- 
or, in a late issue of the Visitor, and the 
excellent analysis of the sources of the 
Bicentennial Fund, has served to sug- 
gest a general analysis of the mission 
receipts for some years past. This 
seems all the more important in view 
of the apparently decreasing receipts, 
for everyone who has followed the re- 
ports of the secretary-treasurer must 
have noted that the total shown has de- 
creased from $69,142.17 in 1906 to $67,- 
642.63 in 1908, and excluding the spe- 
cial Bicentennial Fund, the very low 
mark of $49,205.78 was recorded in 



1909. A fall of nearly $20,000.00 within 
three years certainly needs investiga- 
tion, and the more especially when we 
recall that the $50,000.00 mark had al- 
ready been passed in 1900. 

These facts are all graphically set 
forth in the accompanying diagram, 
which has become familiar in the publi- 
cations of the Board. 

Is it possible that we have gone back 
a whole decade in our missionary en- 
thusiasm, as would appear upon the 
face of the returns? This is the ques- 
tion which it is the purpose of this 
article to solve. 



84 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 





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An inspection of the diagram shows 
at once that three years stand out 
quite prominently as years of large 
receipts— 1900, 1906, 1909; the latter 
due to the Bicentennial Fund. Sub- 
tracting this special fund, 1909 becomes 
conspicuous for the smallness of its re- 
ceipts. 

These large variations re- 
quire an examination of the 
source of the receipts. All 
the money that comes into the 
treasury of the Board may be 
roughly classified under three 
heads: (1) Contributions to 
the regular funds, (2) Con- 
tributions to special funds 
(India famine, Bicentennial) 
of temporary nature, (3) In- 
come from endowment and 
similar sources. 

Now it is evident that the 
income (3) does not repre- 
sent our own present zeal, but 
rather the interest of those 
who provided the endowment 
in years past and have them- 
selves possibly already gone 



to their reward. When this is subtracted 
from the total receipts we may begin to 
measure ourselves. 

The following diagram represents 
the total receipts, from 1899 to 1909, 
and income during the same period : 

It will be noticed immediately that 



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March 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



85 



the high point in receipts in 1906 coin- 
cide with an increase in income from 
endowments, and that the decline im- 
mediately following is due in large 
measure at least to a corresponding 
decline in income. The decline in that 
period is not therefore due, in any large 
measure, to a falling off in contribu- 
tions. 

There is a slight variation in income 
also in the years 1900 and 1901, but this 
is much too small to explain the total 



The famine fund of the two following 
years was also rather large, but the 
decrease in income (Fig. 2), as well as 
a decrease in ordinary contributions 
below the average, almost counterbal- 
ances this in the total. One is obliged 
to imagine that considerable of the 
Famine Fund of 1901-02 did not repre- 
sent an additional sacrifice on our part, 
but only a diversion of usual gifts 
from other funds to this one. 

It is equally plain that in 1906 gifts 





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variation in gross receipts. The real 
variation here lies in the contributions 
of those years. The variation in con- 
tributions as well as the proportion of 
each year's receipts derived from each 
of the three sources, is shown in Fig. 
3, the regular contributions being 
shown in solid black and the special 
funds by shading. The diagonal line 
shows the average of regular contribu- 
tions, and points to the amount 
(marked "A") which we should have 
expected for 1909 in the regular fund. 

It is immediately evident, from an 
inspection of Fig. 3, that the large to- 
tal of 1900 was due mainly to the In- 
dia Famine Special Fund, the ordi- 
nary contributions of the year passing 
the average by only a small amount. 



of amounts above the average assisted 
the unusually great income of the year 
in completing the total. 

There remains the peculiar case of 
1909 yet to investigate. In that year 
the largest total in our history was 
achieved as a result of special efforts 
on the occasion of the Bicentennial. 
Although we did not raise the $100,- 
000.00 we had set out for, we did suc- 
ceed in collecting a special Bicentennial 
Fund of $37,844.01. Over against this 
must be set the fact that our contribu- 
tions to ordinary funds fell from $40,- 
933.27 in 1908 to $24,122.32 in 1909. 
This decrease of almost $17,000.00 can 
mean only that our missionary zeal has 
fallen off very much, or else, that a 
great many of us simply gave to the Bi- 



86 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



centennial Fund the amount that we 
would otherwise have given to other 
funds of the Board. The conclusion 
is irresistible that a large part of the 
Bicentennial Fund represents merely 
a change in name of our contributions 
while the other part is in fact an evi- 
dence of greater liberality. 

Now let us see just how much, so 
nearly as we can arrive at it, represents 
a real increase in our liberality for 
1909. A simple calculation shows that 
the average annual increase in con- 
tributions has been $2,622.00. It is to 
be supposed that if there had been no 
special effort made the same would 
have been true in 1909 and our expect- 
ed, or average, contribution therefore 
should have been about forty-three 
thousand, five hundred dollars ($43,- 
555.27), represented by A-B on the dia- 
gram. Everything contributed above 
that amount represents the results of 
the special effort of the year. The to- 
tal contribution was $61,966.33 (B-D 
on diagram). The excess above the 
average (A-D) was $18,416.33, and this 
sum therefore represents the amount 



which we gave as a particular mark of 
our thankfulness for two centuries of 
blessings. 

If we take a good look at ourselves 
in this mirror it will show us several 
things. 

1. The contributions for the past ten 
years have been growing at a fairly 
regular, but not increasing rate. 

2. There has been no falling off that 
has not been quickly regained, unless 
in 1909. 

3. The apparent decrease in regular 
funds in the past year represents a 
shifting from regular funds to the spe- 
cial fund. 

4. The actual financial gain by the 
special efforts of 1909 is represented by 
less than $18,500.00. 

5. The Bicentennial* appeal did not 
take hold of the hearts of our people in 
the sense that the India Famine did. 
Whether this represents an actual wan- 
ing of enthusiasm for the church or 
not can be told only when the figures 
for the next few years are at hand. 

*This includes only the Bi-centennial and 
no auxiliary funds. 



A WITCH DOCTOR BELIEVED 



ONGO land in Africa 
is steeped in sin and 
cruelty such as a civil- 
ized world cannot 
even dream of. Yet 
these poor benighted 
ones are flesh of our 
flesh and bone of our 
bone ; for God made 
of one blood all na- 
tions, and He has com - 
mitted to us the words of reconciliation, 
the balm for every wound of the heart 
and a healing for all their sorrows. He 
has given it to us to take to them yet the 
Christian world seems so listless, so in- 
different to their needs. That the Gos- 
pel can and does transform, comfort and 
help these poor unfortunate ones, let the 




following instance told by Charles Bond, 
of Lolanga in Regions Beyond illustrate : 
" A few years ago I baptized a lad in 
a town called Bobanga, baptized him 
with another, one Sabbath morning, the 
first men of that town to enter our Lol- 
anga church. One lad was the son of a 
witch doctor in that' town — the witch 
doctor in this instance being a woman — 
a widow, a doubled-up, wizened old wom- 
an; and had you seen her that morning 
with all her paraphernalia and all her 
bangles on, you would have thot — ' What 
a despicable creature ! ' When we came 
up from the water the chief of the town 
met us and said to the boys, ■ You are 
the first two to receive the white man's 
teachings. You will both die of sleeping 
sickness.' Strange to say, about six 



March 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



89 



And you must do the whole honor of 
drinking it. The household will not 
drink with you for that would not be 
polite. They ask you all kinds of ques- 
tions, especially name, age, how many 
children, where you live, etc. You 
catch a word now and then and attempt 
to answer. Very likely you have an- 
swered the wrong thing, but one has 
said something and they very gracious- 
ly forgive the stupid foreigners' mis- 
takes, for you say you have been here 
but a few months. After you have 
visited the home a few times you be- 
gin to understand them and have little 
prayer meetings with them. You read 
the Scriptures, sing a hymn, have pray- 
er and perhaps talk a little on the Scrip- 
tures. It may be more profitable to you 
than to the hearers at first, but a be- 
ginning must be made so the sooner 
the better if you have anything to say 
at all. 

The street language is no small help 
in getting the language, — the beggar 
asks you for cash, the riksha man 
wants you to take a ride, the fruit man 
wants to sell you fruit, merchants of 
all kinds shout their wares on the street 



all day long and often till midnight, — 
vegetables, nuts, fowls, singing birds, 
seeds, meat, cloth of all kinds, etc., etc. 

Still another method of learning 
which is quite essential to the happi- 
ness of the household is talking to the 
servants, and is often quite as annoy- 
ing as ridiculous. A guest arrives and 
you think you have told the servant to 
bring a chair when behold, he brings 
a piece of soap for the names are the 
same having only different tones. You 
may think you have told him very 
plainly how to do a thing and perhaps 
he does the very opposite. Of course 
you think him very stupid. I wonder 
how it looks from the other side. 
Many a person has told the Chinese 
that they came to China on a large 
brick instead of a large ship for they 
are so much alike. 

Thus day by day we continue the 
language and in God's own good time 
we will be able to tell these people of 
the beautiful life of the Son of God 
that their lives may be patterned like- 
wise. 

Tai Yuen Fu, Shansi, China. 



INDIA NOTES 

E. H. Eby 



N Sept. 29 was held at 
Bulsar the semi-an- 
nual conference of 
the Missionaries of 
Gujarat and Katia- 
war, where several 
hours were spent in 
worship, prayer, and 
helpful discussion of 
the many difficult 
problems which con- 
front all missions alike. These two days 
out of the year are the only ones in which 
there is opportunity for acquaintance 
and fellowship between the workers of 
the different missions, and these meet- 




ings are appreciated by all. The oldest 
missionary present, Dr. Taylor, told me 
that he can remember when there were 
but three missionary families in all this 
region, and that it did his soul good to 
see assembled so large a number now 
engaged in the work. There were 
twenty-seven present; this is not nearly 
the entire number of missionaries. But 
we had a pleasant day together. 

In the devotional hour attention was 
called to the moving of God's hand in 
various parts of the world, in reviving 
His people: Korea, where thousands are 
being led to the Lord every month ; 
Australia, where the power of God is 



90 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



being manifested in a marvelous manner ; 
the great recent revival in China; the 
moving of the Spirit among the students 
of Calcutta where a new interest and 
spirit of enquiry is very manifest. All 
these show that God is ready to fulfill 
His promise to those who .put themselves 
in readiness to receive God's blessing. 
It was shown that God alone can send 
revival. No effort or strain on our part 
can revive a single dead soul. Again, 
God sends revival to those who are of 
an humble and contrite heart. Isa. 57: 
15. We hope to see the revival come to 
those who are proud and self-sufficient, 
but it must begin with those who see and 
feel their own and their people's sins 
and shortcomings and come to God in 
humiliation and contrition. This hum- 
ble, contrite confession of sin is the first 
step toward revival. It was then pointed 
out that even the missionaries themselves 
may be the greatest hindrance in the way 
of the Spirit's reviving work.^ Their 
neglect of devotional Bible study and 
prayer for their own spiritual growth, 
the failure to preserve the high purpose 
of love in every act, allowing the min- 
istry of intercession to be crowded into a 
corner on account of the pressure of 
other duties, dependence upon our own 
efforts and institutions. These should 
bring the missionaries before God in 
humility and contrition. 

Then the failures and sins of the 
church at large were noted : worldliness, 
materialism, lack of victorious spiritual 
power. This too calls for confession and 
contrition. The condition of the church 
today was compared to Ezekiel's vision 
of the valley of dry bones : spiritual 
death. But as when Ezekiel was given 
the vision of the dry bones he was given 
a message which God said would result 
in their moving together and' being: 
clothed with flesh and skin, so now, God 
has a message for the hour, and it is 
our duty to comprehend God's message. 
Many at home and some, sad to say, on 
the mission field, are losing this message. 
Christ is being degraded to the level of 



the human, His works stripped of the 
miraculous, and His religion placed along- 
side of the rest with no legal excuse and 
still less power to carry out her presump- 
tion to transplant them all. The world 
still needs the message of the cross, even 
tho it be a stumbling-block to the Mussel- 
man and to the Hindu foolishness. 

But after the prophet had given his 
message there was but a lifeless mass of 
new flesh, there was wanting the breath 
of God to make them live. And as God 
had given him the message, so also now 
He indites a prayer in answer to which 
the new-clothed bones were revived. 
Intercession is always the condition of 
real revival. There are many praying 
for revival, but we need to stop and in- 
quire what sort of prayers are being 
offered. God will answer the prayer 
which He Himself puts into the heart. 
And it is a prayer to the Holy Spirit. It 
is the prayer of divine authority. " Come, 
O Spirit, and breathe on these slain that 
they may live." No feeble petition or 
doubt in that. It is a God-breathed 
prayer. Are we getting our prayers from 
God? Are we seeking to know from 
Him what we should ask for ? 

Several earnest prayers were then 
offered, and the discussion of the mission 
problems taken up. Papers were read, 
and discussed. Questions were asked 
and answered in a very earnest manner. 
Information was sought from each other 
as to how to do certain things which are 
difficult. 

Some time was given to the Sunday- 
school work of the district also. When 
evening came the people from the other 
missions departed to their several sta- 
tions while those of our own mission who 
were there staid to attend the meeting 
of the Field Committee on the next day. 
This was as usual a full day, but a 
pleasant one. God's name be glorified in 
it all. Amen. 

Jhagadia, India. 



March 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



103 



000,000 drinks taken each day, and each 
drink pays two cents in tax. 

Mr. Capers might have added that 
it is the drinkers who pay the tax, and 
while they are paying tax enough to 
build a battleship they are drinking 
booze enough to float it. 

COST OF DRINK. 

The New York Tribune, one of the 
most conservative and reliable news- 
papers in the United States, says : 
"The drink bill of the United States 
is $1,410,236,702. All the corn, wheat, 
rye, oats, barley, buckwheat and pota- 
toes put together will not pay for it. 
The liquor traffic costs more each year 
than our whole civil service, our army, 
navy and congress, the river, harbor 
and pension bills, all we pay for local 
government, all national, State and 
county debts and all the schools in the 
country. In fact, this government pays 
more for liquors than for every func- 
tion of every kind of government." 

DRINK KEEPS THOUSANDS OF MEN 
OUT OF WORK. 

Any system which will increase the 
capacity and ability to consume is of 
vital importance to the wage earner. 
The luxuries of life yesterday become 
necessities today. Larger life develops 
larger demands for the essentials to 
that life. Physical being may feed 
upon bread and meat and live, but 
with larger outlook additional viands 
enter into daily consumption. 

Thus at every turn of life the wage- 
worker finds himself vitally interested 
as a wageworker in contributing to a 
system which will enlarge the demands 
of the whole people for the output of 
his hand. It is in this larger life of 
the people that we have the hope of 
the future. Instead of limiting sup- 
ply, the life of the people should be 
directed toward a growth more rapid 
than increased supply can meet. We 
are underconsumers of the commodi- 



ties which enlarge life and capacity for 
greater demand, and we are overcon- 
sumers of commodities which dwarf 
life and narrow the wants and desires 
of degraded homes. 

At this time in our own land of 
America there are 100,000 homes where 
demand for useful commodities of life 
is almost extinct. With an average of 
five in each of these homes, not less 
than 500,000 people are not contribut- 
ing to the demand of normal homes, 
and, instead of growth to give oppor- 
tunity for the incoming years, these 
homes are destined to dissolution and 
ultimately to be supported by tax upon 
the producer. In the final analysis the 
wage earner and producer pays the 
tax. 

One million other homes are headed 
in the direction of the 100,000 drunk- 
ards and with moderate drinking keep 
their surplus below the possibility of 
luxury or growth in reasonable de- 
mand for better living. With the same 
average of five dependents to each fam- 
ily we have in this list 5,000,000 people 
headed the wrong way. 

The liquor traffic for its output of 
more than $1,000,000,000 anually em- 
ploys less than one man in five who 
would be employed if the billion dol- 
lars were expended for useful com- 
modities. Should the channel of trade 
be changed we would have more la- 
borers demanded by the increased con- 
sumption of useful commodities than 
are now idle, and prices for labor 
would rise under the natural law of 
supply and demand. 

A great burden of taxation would be 
also removed, and money now wasted 
in court proceedings, jail support, con- 
viction and care of criminals would find 
its way into the manufacture of com- 
modities and luxuries of life, which in 
turn would lead to the demand for 
labor. Graft would wither largely 
with the taproots exposed to the light 
and air of righteous government. — 
Felix T. McWhirter. 



lOi 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 





fh**A*^+., MARY MAGDALENE. 

The morning st^r yet shone, and shadows 

chill and giay, 
Above the lonely sepulcher of Jesus lay, 
When Mary came, love's latest ministries 

to bring, 
Of spices rare and costly, to embalm her 

King. 

The tomb was closed; well guarded was 

that silent door; 
The stone the entrance barred — a royal 

signet bore. 
But see! a mighty hand has rolled the stone 



away 



" Come and behold the place " where late 

the Savior lay. 
"He is not here!" He needs no more 

love's ministries. 
Go tell His doubting friends He lives — the 

Master lives! 

O Mary, highly favored! Great was thy 

reward, 
The first to bear the tidings of a risen Lord. 
Much hadst thou been forgiven, and great 

hath been thy love. 
O woman, first in life and death thy faith 

to prove! 



What shall we render Thee, O Christ? Our 

living King! 
To Thee our hearts, our hands, our feet, 

we gladly bring. 
Grant us, like her, to be Thy messengers 

of light 
To those of Thine who, in the darkness, 

watch and wait. 

Ring out, ye Easter bell's, across the ocean- 
tide! 

The stone is rolled away, the door is 
opened wide. 

Let the glad isles rejoice this resurrection 
day. 

The Christ is risen! He bringeth immortali- 
ty! 

— Selected. 

RISEN WITH CHRIST. 

O soul of mine, to life's new rapture born, 
Canst thou forget the splendor of that 

morn 
When, through the chill and silence of thy 

night, 
Stole the warm radiance of the Easter light? 

Did not thy Lord, before the dawn of day, 
Unseal thy tomb, and bid thee come away? 
And in that sacred garden, cool and dim. 
Amid the lilies didst thou walk with Him? 

Then why shouldst thou, all trembling and 

afraid, 
Still bring thy spices where thy Lord was 

laid? 
Unto the heavens lift up thy downcast eyes; 
Thy Lord is risen, and thou with Him didst 
rise. 

Not for the trump of doom and judgment 

hour 
Waits, through long years, the resurrection 

power : 
Today He lives; today His life may be 
Eternal life begun, O soul, in thee. 

LEFT-OVER FLOWERS. 

" The old gentleman who roomed 
across the hall is to be buried this aft- 
ernoon," explained the landlady, as the 
theological student opened his door in 
answer to her rap. "And seeing that 
you are studying for the ministry," she 



March 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



107 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




C For we are God's fellow-workers: 
ye are God's husbandry, God's build- 
ing. 1 Cor. 3 : 9. 

C The first precious thot that should 
come to the readers of the lines pre- 
ceding is that that verse is eternally 
true. It is as much true for the child 
of God today as it was the day Paul 
crystallized the truth into those mem- 
orable words. 

C B.ut it should also be noted these 
words are only true if we are workers. 
We cannot be God's fellow-idlers, — 
that classes us with the Devil. God is 
no idler; He is a worker, and He re- 
joices only in those of His redeemed 
ones who WORK. He redeemed 
them to be workers in His vineyard. 
He found us as idlers about the gate. 
To us who have been redeemed He has 
said, " Why stand ye here idle ? Go 
work in my vineyard." No one is 
saved but to serve. We accepted the 
invitation and went into the vineyard. 

C A serious question now comes to 
each one, "Am I working? And is my 
working with God or by myself? " Do 
not answer too hastily. There is much 
back of this inquiry. 

C In weighing for the correct answer 
it stands patent that God is no half- 
hearted Worker. What He does is 
marked by completeness and perfec- 
tion. In the beginning of law He com- 
manded His people to " love Him with 
all their might." This simply means 
that we shall love those about us whom 
we see with the same ardent devotion 
that we would love the Lord and then 
He has the assurance of our whole- 
hearted love to Him. 



C If God is to be our Partner in work 
it is well to study His methods fur- 
ther. He works steadily, never giving 
up. He persists until the end. Noth- 
ing daunted by reverses by rebellious 
man, He presses on and on and in the 
end wins. What a lesson for each be- 
liever in partnership with Him. Obey 
God. Work faithfully and continuous- 
ly. Die in line with God's purposes 
and in dying not despairing, for faith in 
God says we win. That is effectual, 
successful work even in the midst of 
apparent failure. 

C Growing beautifully out of this idea 
of successful work is another closely 
akin. God works tenderly. No re- 
venge. He waits till the " cup of ini- 
quity is full " and then judgment falls 
as a result of eternal and righteous 
laws rather than an act of a vindictive 
Creator. God works most tenderly, 
and so should His partners in labor 
tenderly work with Him. 

C But best of all in this thot is this, — 
that God has always worked along the 
line of greatest need not for Himself 
but for His creatures. That is why He 
sent His Son to earth to redeem fal- 
len man. That is why He passed the 
houses, of the rich and self-conceited 
and went among the lowly, the poor, 
the sick, the maimed of life. Oh, what 
a picture of a worker ! What a " two- 
edged " thrust from a tender, loving 
heart is the thot of following greatest 
need in our endeavors. One is a min- 
ister longing and stirred to work with 
God because the field opens for so 
much to do. But his faith is short, he 
turns to the apparent great need of his 



108 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



own life and environment, flings doubt 
and unbelief into the very face of the 
Infinite, and selfishly trudges on thru 
the failures of life only to end up in 
everlasting failure. And thus, could 
we go thru the catagory of Christian 
endeavor, we would find few, very few, 
who thru faith and amidst great tribu- 
lation even amongst their brethren 
have lived a fair degree of success in 
being workers with God. 

C But we should look even beyond 
this and see that our Partner seem not 
to reckon the sacrifice He makes in 
order to work for others. Even that 
little word " so " in John 3 : 16 is a 
measure for man rather than a recount- 
ing from God. Man may say that God 
was prodigal in His love to humanity, 
but that is simply man's way of trying 
to reveal the love man cannot measure. 
He cared not for sacrifice. He sought 
to redeem. Precious as was His only 
" begotten Son " man's salvation was 
worth more than this, and so He asked 
His Son to " pour out His soul unto 
death " that we might have life. 

C And even when the world does not 
believe on Him as they should, our 
" Senior Partner " does not stop. He 
just keeps working until men are saved, 
kept saved and are glorified in Him. 
Thus did the Son pray over and over 
in His high priestly prayer. 

C Thus does God work. Thus does 
He want His partners, you and I to 
work with Him. Are we doing it? 
or are we discouraged, downcast, 
worldly, half-hearted in our effort and 
blaming God for lack of results? Oh, 
for just a hundred real workers with 
God ! They could move the world by 
the hundred thousand. 



C In a letter from H. F. Caylor, Sec- 
Treas. Bldg. Committee, 165 South 
Clarkson Street, Denver, Colorado, he 
makes this statement that should 
prompt a number to respond. He says, 
" If parties who signed pledges would 
pay same we would have enough 
money to complete work as planned." 
They are needing the house for serv- 
ices in its completed form and it would 
be a great favor if this request would 
be complied with. 

C The Visitor has for some time main- 
tained a Temperance Department and 
is glad to be of service to the Confer- 
ence Temperance Committee in the 
larger way outlined in this issue. Make 
America sober is a long step towards 
making America righteous. It is, how- 
ever, true that soberness alone will not 
save. The church should never give 
up laboring to win men to Christ, the 
Great Remedy for intemperance and 
unbelief in the world. The watchword 
of the church should be, " Save Ameri- 
ca for Christ in order to save the world 
for Christ." 

d In a few instances I have heard of 
churches who during bicentennial year 
contributed their hundreds and some 
their thousands for erecting a church- 
house or remodeling one in their own 
congregation and hence their shortage 
in gift to the General Board and the 
Mirror and Reflector does not put 
them in the true light. It is good that 
they have been so liberal with them- 
selves at home during that year. Just 
let the next year show the same liberal- 
ity for the Lord's work in some other 
field and the Mirror will finally get the 
glorious reflection. 




March The Missionary Visitor 109 

Financial Report 

FORM OF LEGACY.— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Chu-rch of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thi General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR THE VISITOR, FOR JANUARY 1910. 

Jan. Jan. Apr.-Jan. Apr. -Jan. Inc. Dec. 

1909 1910 1909 1910 

World-Wide, $1,471 86 $2,453 57 $ 9,209 28 $23,294 22 $14,084 94 

India, 265 44 447 46 2,937 48 3,699 99 762 51 

Brooklyn, 2 00 272 80 $ 272 80 

Miscellaneous, .... 88 41 62 63 530 03 755 69 225 66 

$1,827 71 $2,963 66 $12,949 59 $27,749 90 $15,073 11 $ 272 80 

Bicentennial, 31,180 23 31,180 23 



L,827 71 $2,963 66 $44,129 82 $27,749 90 



$16,379 92 



During the month of January the General 
Mission Board sent out 84,072 pages of tracts. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following dona- 
tions during the Month of January, 1910: 

WOK, I. D -WIDE. 
Virglna- r $495.27. 

First District, Individual. 

Emma Southall, $ 2 00 

Second District, 

Harrisonburg Annual Conference 

Surplus, 419 16 

Congregations. 

Nokesville, $28.44; Fairfax, $7.50, 35 94 

Individuals. 

B. F. Glick, $6; John H. Kline, $5; 
Samuel Garber, $3; Edna D. Miller, 
$2.25; D. M. Good, $2; Geo. W. Shaff- 
er, $1.75; F. N. Weimer, $1.50; J. M. 
Garber, $1.20; Lethe A. Liskey, $1.20 
Jos. F. Driver, $1; Geo. H. Kline, $1; 
J. G. Kline, $1; Mary F. Whitmer, $1; 
R. M. Figgers, $1; Jonathan Wamp- 
ler, $1; J. C. Myers, $1; Elizabeth 
Harley, $1; Ella L. Myers, 75 cents; 
John W. Wright, 60 cents; Geo. H. 
Kline, 60 cents; J. M. Garber, 50 
cents; Mattie Caricofe, 50 cents; 
Bettie E. Caricofe, 50 cents; Elder 
Benjamin Miller, 40 cents; P. J. 
Crann, 40 cents; Rebecca F. Miller, 30 
cents; Mary C. Miller, 30 cents; J. 
S. Wright, 25 cents; B. F. A. Myers, 
15 cents; D. R. Miller, 15 cents; 
Sarah A. Knicely, 15 cents; Elizabeth 
Kline, 15 cents; B. F. Miller, 15 cents; 
Fannie S. Miller, 10 cents; Barbara A. 
Wampler, 8 cents; Fannie A. Wamp- 
ler, 8 cents; Elizabeth Wampler, 8 
cents; Bessie V. Wampler, 8 cents, . . 38 17 



Tennsylvania — $528.49. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Parker Ford, $80; Coventry, $80; 
Tulpehocken, $50; Indian Creek, 
$28.34; West Green Tree, $18.36; 

Maiden Creek, $13.15, 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Sue E. Martin, $10; Mrs. Kate 
N. Smith, $5; J. R. Erb, $2; S. Fran- 
cis Harner, $1.20; Henry R. Gibbel, 
$1.20; Benjamin Kinder, $1; J. K. Eic- 
her (Marriage Notice), 50 cents; S. H. 
Hertzler (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Waynesboro, 

Waynesboro Miss. Association 

Individuals. 

D. E. Brown, $10; John Hart, $6; 
Celia Yost, $5; Amos & Lizzie Keeny, 
$5; Solomon Strauser, $3; John H. 
Smith, $2; Sarah A. Baker, $2; G. W. 
Harlacher, $1.60; Lydia Hogentogler, 
$1; Mrs. C. H. Balsbaugh, $1; Susie 
Walker, $1; Cora Royer, $1; W. B. 
Harlacher, $1; Receipt No. 11622, $1; 
Ellen S. Strauser, $1; Mrs. Moses 
Miller, 55 cents; D. H. Baker (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents; S. G. Shellen- 

berger, 50 cents, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Tyrone, $17.62; Spring Run, $14.17; 
Sugar Run, $10; Rock Hill, Augh- 
wick Congregation, $5; Warriors 

Mark Congregation, $3.25 

Sunday Schools. 

Martinsburg, $15; Lewistown, $3.78, 
Individuals. 

"Seven," $10; Miriam Gray, $10; 
C. L. Buck, $3; Sam'l R. Snyder, $3; 
John Snowberger, $3; Aaron Teeter, 
$2; T. T. Myers, $1.50; Isaac Rep- 
logle, $1.20; James Houseman, $1; 



$ 269 85 



21 40 



38 50 
7 0C 



43 15 



50 04 
18 78 



110 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



Eli Masemore, $1; Mrs. Reuben 
Chilcote, $1; Susannah Rouzer, 50 

cents, $ 37 20 

Western District, Congregation. 

Quemahoning, , . 6 31 

Individuals. 

H. L. Griffith. $8; S. J. Miller, $6: 
H. H. Reitz, $5; Mrs. Mary J. Mil- 
ler, $5; Linda Griffith, $4.50; Wm. 
H. Koontz, $3; J. G. Miller, $1.20; 
Sarah A. Johnson, $1; D. G. Snyder, 
$1; James C. Wineland, §1; R. E. 

Reed, 56 cents 36 26 

Illinois— §341.15. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $26.50; West Branch, 
$15; Cherry Grove, $9; Rock River, 

$4 54 50 

Sunday Schools. 

Batavia, $11.50; Milledgeville, $7.60, - 19 10 
Individuals. 

J. D. Lahman and wife, $200; Levi 
S. Shively, $10; L. J. Gerdes, $7; D. J. 
Blocher, $6; Collin Puterbaugh, $5; 
Mrs. Margaret Williams, $5; D. C. 
McGonigh, $2.50; Addie and Lizzie 
Rohrer, $2; P. H. Graybill, $1.20; 
Belle Whitmer, $1; Mrs. J. A. Kreps, 
$1; AH. Stouffer, $1; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Kingery, $1; C. J. Sell, 85 cents; Nel- 
lie Morgan, 50 cents 244 05 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Eliz. Henricks, $5; Frank Etnover, 
$5; J. G. Wolfe, $3.50; E. H. Bru- 
baker, $2.50; Elma R. Brubaker, $2.50; 
Sister Miller, $2; Geo. W. Miller 
("Marriage Notice), $1; Lucv Weesner, 
$1; J. W. Lear (Marriage Notices), $1, 23 50 

Ohio — $209.83. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Mohican 6 64 

Individuals. 

Isaac Brumbaugh, $10; Melancthon 
and Sarah Dupler, $5.76; D. F. Stuck- 
ey, $5: "In His Name who is above 
all," $2; G. W. Le Feure, $1.50; J. F. 
Shrider, $1: Sadie W. Moherman. $1; 
Clara "Woods, $1; S. M. Friend (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents, 27 76 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek 50 50 

Sunday Schools. 

Freeburg, $53.; Freeburg-Science 

Hill, $12.34, 65 34 

Individuals. 

Joseph and Nancy Kaylor. $10; 
Christena Leedy, $10; J. R. Spacht, 
$5; N. H. and Barbara Newcomer. $3; 
L. E. Kauffman, $1.20; Mrs. Kate 
Branner, $1; David Byerly (Marriage 
Notice), 50 cents; Abednego Miller 
(Marriage Notice), 50 cents; Caroline 

Smith, 50 cents, 31 70 

Southern District, Congregation. 

West Milton, 10 69 

Individuals. 

Mary Ockerman. $6; D. S. Filbrun. 
$2.40; Philip R Priser, $1.25; Eliza 
Priser, $1.25; John H. Rinehart, $1.20; 
Jesse K. Brumbaugh, $1.20; David 
Brenner, $1.20: Elias Stauffer, $1.20; 
Lucinda Stauffer, $1; J. F. Deaton, 

50 cents, 17 20 

Indiana — -$186.30. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Portage 13 50 

Individuals. 

M. D. Neff, $10; J. B. Neff. $10; 
Elias Fashbaugh, $5; Mary E. Early, 
$5; A. C. Kindy, $3; Mary Lammedee, 
$2.50; John Huntington, $1.50; Luella 
Snyder, $1; Emanuel Peffley, $1; S. F. 
Weaver, $1; Mrs. R. T. Helblig, 73 
cents; Samuel J. Burger, 50 cents; 

Jos. B. Wise, 20 cents, 41 43 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Monticello and Burnettsville, $25.03; 

North Manchester, $2.50, 27 53 

Sunday Schools. 

Lancaster, • 15 72 

Individuals. 

Josephine Hanna, $50; Nine Mem- 
bers, Hunting-ton, $9; Ira Weybright, 



$3; Priscilla Ohme, $3; Odis P. Cling- 
enpeel, $2; J. D. Rife, $1.20; Isaac L. 
Shultz, $1.20; Barbara Clingenpeel, 
$1.20; T. J. Downey, $1; Mrs. Isaac 
L. Shultz, $1; Geo. L. Studebaker 
(Marriag-e Notice), 50 cents; Emma 
Fair, 50 cents; C. G. Fair, 50 cents; 
Sam'l A. Haines, 20 cents; J. J. Fox, 

12 cents, $ 74 42 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Wm. Stout, $5; Oscar and Gertie 
Harrison, $2; James A. Byer and 
and wife, $1.50; H. C. Shultz, $1.20; 
John Beard, $1; Saylor Newton, $1; 
Wm. B. Young, $1; John E. Miller, 50 
cents; John W. Root (Marriagre No- 
tice), 50 cents, 13 70 

Iowa — $141.15. 

Northern District, Individuads. 

Eph. Lichty, $34; H. E. Slifer, $10; 
TV. C. Kimmel. $10; J. J. Berklev, $6; 
Abbie Miller, $5; C. Frederick, $4; U. 
S. Blough, $4; J. S. Harshberger, $3; 
Unknown. Waterloo. $3; Mrs. Rebec- 
ca Hess, $2; T. L. Kimmel. $2; G. A. 
Moore, $2; S. S. Myers, $1.60; Mrs. 
A. D. Nicodemus, $1.50; Mrs. Roval 
Gaffin, SI; W. H Hood. 50 cents; W. 
H. Hood (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 90 10 

Middle District. Individuals. 

John G. Fleckner. $6: W. E. West, 
$5; Mrs. Rebecca C. Miller, $5; S. 
Schlotman, S5; M. E. Loudenslager, 
S5: Melissa Tounghenrv. $5; Franklin 
Rhodes, $4; L. S. Snvder. $3.75; D. 
Fry, $3; G. B. Replosrle. $2.50; A. C. 
Snowberger, $1.85: J. B. Miller, $1.25; 
C. S. McNutt, $1.20; Mrs. Sarah 
Stonerook, $1; Barbara M. H. Sona- 

frank, $1, 50 55 

Southern District. Individual. 

L. M. Kob (Marriage Notice), .... 50 

Maryland — $142.67. 
Eastern District. Individuals. 

Elizabeth Switzer, $40; Annie R. 
Stoner, $15; Alfred Englar, $12; Eliza- 
beth Roop, $10: J. M. Prigel, $6.50; 
C. H. Roop, $5; Peter Biser, $1.20; 
Amos Wampler, SI: Martha E. En- 
glar, $1: "A Brother." $1; L. W. Rine- 
hart, 50 cents; S. E. Englar (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents, 93 70 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Broadfording, $20; Hagerstown, 

$8.67, 

Sunday School. 

Long Meadow 

Individuals. 

Caleb Long, $10; Geo. W. Petre, 

50. cents, 

Western District, Individual. 

Geo. A. Lininger, 

Kansas — $106.40. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

McLouth, 

Sunday School. 

Meriden 

Christian Workers. 

Appanoose, 

Individuals. 

James Brandt and wife, $10; J. W. 
Fishburn and wife, $10: H S. Eber- 
hart. $2; J. F. Hantz. $1; I. H. Crist 
(Marriage Notice), 50 cents; Mary E. 

Baker, 25 cents, 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Osage, 

Individuals. 

N. J. Joyce and wife, $10; Emma 

Landis, $1 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Salem, 

Sunday School. 

Peabody 

Individuals. 

L. C. Weddle. $10; Marv G. More- 
lock. $1.25 11 25 

Idaho — $57.70. 
Individuals. 

Stephen Johnson, $25; Lizzie John- 
son, $25: Joseph Brown. $4.50; R. A. 
Orr, $1.20; A. P. Peterson. SI; M. M. 
Custer, $1, 57 70 



2S 


67 


6 


SO 


10 


50 


3 


00 


10 





22 


41 


5 


00 



2 3 


7 5 


6 


00 


11 


00 


7 


35 


7 


64 



March 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



111 



California — $55.10. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Sacramento Valley, $ 5 00 

Christian Workers. 

Reedley, 8 35 

Individuals. 

S. Beeghley, $10; Jacob S. Brower, 

50 cents, 10 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jacob Lichty, $6; Mrs. Mary M. 
Hepner, $5-; Andrew Shively, $5; Riley 
F. Brubaker. $5; Josephine Knee, $3; 
Elizabeth Forney, $3; J. L. Minnich, 
$3; Jas. Z. Gilbert, $1; J. M. Shively, 

25 cents, 3125 

Colorado — -$38.62. 
Congregation. 

Sterling, 5 00 

Christian Workers. 

Rocky Ford, 13 43 

Sunday Schools. 

Mt. Garfield, $6.10; Rockv Ford, 

$3.59 9 69 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Susie Knoll, $7.50; A. A. Heas- 

ton, $3, 10 50 

Washing-ton — $26.80. 

Centralia Bible School 10 60 

Individuals. 

W. C. Lehman, $13.20; Sallie Hat- 
field, $2; B. F. Zimmerman, $1 16 20 

Missouri — $20.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Fannie Hollar. $7; John W. 

Alger, 50 cents 7 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Mound Valle5% 1 50 

Individuals. 

W. H. Wagner, $2.50; Nannie C. 
Wagner, $2.50; Ira Witmore, 50 

cents 5 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

"A Sister," $5; Sophia Darrow, 50 
cents; Nannie A. Harmon, 50 cents, 6 00 

Nebraska — $19.92. 

Birthday offerings, Lincoln S. S., 11 92 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, $5; Mrs. M. 
E. Hildebrand, $1; L. L. Meek (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents; C. B. Smith 
(Marriage Notice), 50 cents; Jesse 
T. Heckler (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; P. A. Nickey (Marriage Notice), 

50 cents 8 00 

North Carolina — $18.86. 
Congregations. 

Mill Creek, $8; Melvin Hill, $7, .. 15 00 

Individuals. 

I. W. Bowman, $3; J. R. Purdue, 

86 cents, 3 86 

Oklahoma-— $15.70. 
Congregation. 

Washita, 2 70 

Individuals. 

C. C. Clark, $10; Bertha Ryan 

Shirk, $2; W. B. Gish, $1, 13 00 

North Dakota — $10.90. 
Individuals. 

Lewis Huber, $8.40; D. F. Landis, 
$1.50; J. D. Kesler (Marriage Notice), 

$1, 10 90 

Oregon — $8.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Ashland, 5 00 

Individuals. 

Elder Jacob and Mary M. Moomaw, 
$2; J. A. Royer (Marriage Notice), 
50 cents; Geo. C. Carl (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents 3 00 

Michigan — $8.08. 
• Sunday School. 

Sugar Ridge, 5 08 

Individuals. 

G. W. Teeter, $2; Retta Price, $1, 3 00 

District of Columbia- — $7.00. 
Congregation. 

Washington, 7 00 

Tennessee — $6.00. 
Individuals. 

" Six Individuals," 6 00 

"West Virginia — $6.00. 
Individuals. 

Angus R. Spaid, $2; Thos. Har- 

For the year so far $ 2,970 62 



row, $2; Mena Cassady, $1.50; Mag- 
gie C. Wickert, 50 cents $ 6 00 

Wisconsin — $2.38. 
Congregation. 

Worden i 355 

Individuals. 

J. E. Zollers, 100 

Texas — $1.50. 
Individuals. 

H. D. Blocher, $1: Mrs. Marv Han- 

na, 50 cents 1 50 

Montana — $1.00. 
Individual. 

Mrs. W. E. Swank 1 00 

Canada — $0.25. 
Individual. 

Ephraim Keffer 25 

Total for the month, $ 2,453 57 

Previously received 20,840 65 

For the year so far, $23,294 22 

INDIA ORPHANAGE. 
Indiana — $63.00. 
Northern District, Sunday School. 

First Church, South Bend $ 5 00 

Middle District. 

A. W. Eikenberry's S. S. Class, 
Flora, $20; Flora Brim's S. S. Class, 
Flora, $10, 30 00 

N. Manchester S. S. Primary Dept., 8 00 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Locust Grove, Nettle Creek 20 00 

Pennsylvania — $57.00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Isabella F. Price, $16; Mr. and 
Mrs. E. E. Eshelman, $6; Sarah Nyce, 

$5; A brother and sister, $5, 32 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Eliz. J. Carroll, 5 00 

Western District. 

Meyersdale Mission Circle 20 00 

Ohio — $36.00. 

Northeastern District. Sunday School. 

Black River Class No. 3, 20 00 

Aid Society. 

Maple Grove, 16 00 

Illinois — $25.05. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Naperville, 20 00 

Southern District. 

Woodland Primary Class 5 05 

Virginia^ — $20,00. 
Sunday School. 

Fairfax, 20 00 

Idaho — $20.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Nez Perce, 20 00 

Michigan — $18.65. 
Congregation. 

West Thornapple, 8 65 

Sundav School. 

Sunfield 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Woodland, 5 00 

Maryland — $18.43. 
Eastern District. 

Hagerstown T. P. Miss Assoc.,.. 18 43 

Kans as— $17.50. 
Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Paint Creek, . . 17 50 

Colorado — $16.50. ' 
Individuals. 

J. M. and Martha Heckman 14 50 

North Dakota, — $5.25. 
Individual. 

Wm. J. McCann, 5 25 

Oregon — $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Newberg, 5 00 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

Total for .the month $ 307 38 

Previously received, 2,663 24 

For the year so far, $2,970 62 



112 



The Missionary Visitor 



March 
1910 



INDIA MISSION. 
Illinois — $53.51. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pleasant Hill, $ 52 51 

Individual. 

M. D. Hershey, 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $51 .25 . 
Southern District, Individual. 

Chas. W. Otto, ' 50 06 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Lewistown, 1 25 

Canada- — $16.00, 
Individual. 

Mrs. Janette Swingle, 16 00 

Oklahoma — $5.97. 
Sunday School. 

Washita, 5 97 

Calif ornia— $5.45 . 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Dong- Beach, 5 45 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Northern District. „ „„ 

Class 3, Bethel S. S. Milford, 2 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Simon Harshman, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 135 18 

Previously received, 553 19 

For the year so far $ 688 37 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 10 00 

For the year so far, $ 15 00 

CHINA MISSION. 
Illinois — $17.75. 
Northern District, Sunday School. 

Cherry Grove, $ 14 75 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mary A. Brubaker, $2; M. D. Hersh- 
ey, $1, 3 00 

Kansas — $10.29. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Vermilion, 10 29 

Pennsylvania — $11.00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

A brother and sister, 10 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart 1 00 

Canada — $5.00. 
Individual. 

J. D. Weddle and wife, 5 00 

Iowa— $0.38. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Barbara M. H. Sonafrank, 38 

Total for the month, $ 44 42 

Previously reported, 439 47 

For the year so far, $ 483 89 

CUBA MISSION. 
North. Dakota — $8.21. 
Sunday School. 

Cando, > $ 8 21 

Total for the month, $ 8 21 

Previously reported, 52 29 

For the year so far, $ 60 50 

CHURCH EXTENSION. 
Missouri — $5.00. 
Middle District. 

D. C. Bosserman $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously reported, 74 80 

For the year so far, * $ 79 80 

JERUSALEM MISSION. 
Iowa — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Gibson, $ 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

For the year so far, $ 5 00 



BRETHREN SUNDAY-SCHOOL EXTENSION 
OP CHICAGO. 

During January the Extension has received 
the following remittances: 

BUILDING- FUND. 

California. — Mrs. M. P. Custer, Butte City, 
$15.20. Illinois. — John D. Lenly, Mt. Carroll, 
$12.4,6; Virgil C. Finnell, Elgin, $13.37; Olive 
Johnson, Mt. Carroll, $3.50; Joseph Doty, 
Savanna, $2.50; J. A. Royer, Lanark, $14.75. 
Total, $46.58. Indiana. — Chas. Steele, South 
Bend, $4.15. Iowa. — Anna Obrecht, Harlan, 
$2.50; Feme Miller, Fredericktown, $4.40. Total, 
$6.90. Kansas. — Elma Dellenbach, Beattie, 
$4.10; D. H. Heckman, Quinter, $11. Total, 
$15.10. Missouri. — D. W. Teeter, Jasper, 60 
cents. Ohio. — C. E. Burns, Leipsic, $2. Okla- 
homa, — Charlie Showalter, Thomas, 18 cents. 
North Dakota. — A. B. Puterbaugh, Egeland, 
$12.50. Virginia. — K. M. Diehl, Port Republic, 
$3.09; J. E. Shirkey. Daphna, $10.21; J. A. 
Miller, Nokesville, $6.39. Total, $19.69. 

Formerly reported in General Fund and 
transferred at request of donors, $89.07. 

Pledges to Building Fund for January, 
$365.00. 

Total to Building Fund for month, $376.97. 

GENERAL PUND. 

Illinois. — H. H. Gruber, Astoria, $6.20; Geo. 
Ruth, Astoria, $5.22; Isaac Blickenstaff, Cerro 
Gordo, $39.50. Total, $50.92. Indiana. — R. G. 
Keever, Monticello, $9.02; H. D. Bollinger, Wa- 
bash, $5; Henry Heaston, Warren, $12.35; W. 
L. Angle, Bringhurst, $3.50'; Julia Joseph, 
Culver, $1.85. Total, $31.72. Iowa.-^H. B. 
Johnson, Batavia, $7.10; Mrs. S. A. Miller, 
South English, $1.14. Total, $8.24. Kansas. 
— W. C. Winder, Waldo, $11.50. Michigan. — 
R. B. Noll, Vickeryville, $10.80; Lulu G. Mc- 
Kimmy, Blissfield, $3.35. Total, $14.15. Min- 
nesota. — Minnie Schechter, Worthington, $9.50. 
New Jersey. — H. J. Home, Sand Brook, $3. 
North Dakota. — J. W. Fitz, Cando, $6.75. Ohio. 
— Mattie Thomas, Pleasant Hill, $9.30; Mame 
Hoover, Alliance, $12.34; Levi Minnich, Green- 
ville, $6.20. Total, $27.84. Oklahoma. — H. C. 
Murphy, Frederick, $21.65. Pennsylvania. — J. 
D. Ellinger, Maitland, $1.51; J. C. Frederick, 
Clover Creek, $1.58; Daniel M. Brubaker, Lime- 
rick, $2; Lena G. Norris, Grafton, $1; W. F. 
Johns, Chamber sburg, $4.30. Total, $10.39. 
South Dakota. — Delila Baker, Wetonka, $23.10. 
Washington. — Stanley E. Gregory for Sunny- 
side, $8.10. West Virginia. — Geo. S. McKee, 
Burlington, $1.75. 

Total to General Fund for January, $228.61. 

If your remittance is not found in the fund 
for which you intended it kindly notify us at 
once. Remember that nothing from the Gen- 
eral Fund can be used on the much needed 
building without your request to so use it. 
Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treas. 

1811 South Clifton Park Avenue. 

DENVER MEETINGHOUSE. 

Denver, Colo., February 3, 1910. Amount of 
money received by the Church of the Brethren 
toward the completion of the Brethren's 
churchhouse in Denver, Colorado, from De- 
cember 1, 1909, to February 1, 1910. 

O. E. Younkers, Westhope, N. Dak, $10; John 

C. Stong, Cando, N. Dak, $25; J. W. Beehler, 
Williston, N. Dak., $10; Postal Cards sold, 
75 cents; F. D. Saylor, Zion, N. Dak., $25; 
Sherman Mohler, Mogadore, Ohio, 50 cents; 
E. S. Petry, Berthold, N. Dak., $5; Wm. 
Brownemyer, Ellison, N. Dak, $11; D. M. 
Shorb, Surrey, N. Dak, $25; J. J. Gensinger, 
Zion, N. Dak, $10; W. K. Crumpacker, Grenola, 
Kans., $10; Mattie Boyd, Newville, N. Dak., 
$5; J. E. Deardorff, Brumbaugh, N. Dak., $10; 

D. W. Teeter, Jasper, Mo., 50 cents; J. D. Kes- 
ler, Zion, N. Dak., $25; J. C. Forney, Ken- 
mare, N. Dak, $5; A brother, Kenmare, N. 
Dak., $30; W. T. Noakes, Ellison, N. Dak., 
$5; John Wamsley, Rock Lake, N. Dak., $5; 
Geo. W. Hulse, Denver, Colo., $11.98; B. S. 
Katherman, Lawrence, Kans., $1. Total $230.73. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary-Treasurer, Building 
Fund Committee. 



The Saloon 
Under the Searchlight 

By GEORGE R. STUART. 

A book of sixty-four pages. The best thing we have seen on this 
subject. A new book, dealing with an old question. 

Here are a few opinions: 

" A bright, breezy, thought-compelling little book with not a dull 
line in it. Full of suggestion and inspiration for one who would have 
a part in the fight against the saloon, a fight that grows in strength and 
popularity every day." — United Presbyterian. 

" Sledge hammer blows by Dr. Stuart on thirteen or more aspects 
of the saloon question. The arguments and illustrations are original, 
often unique, and always right to the point." — Institute Tie. 

" I find the book one among the best I ever read on the subject. 
I can recommend it and wish it were possible to place a copy in every 
home in the land." — Eld. D. L. Miller. 

" I have just finished reading that splendid little volume, ' The 
Saloon Under the Searchlight,' by Geo. R. Stuart. I find it interesting 
and valuable. It commends itself to me because of its simple, plain, 
practical and true statements. I solicit for it a wide circulation, and a 
careful perusal. It cannot fail to do good." — Eld. P. J. Blough, member 
of Temperance Committee. 

" Ought to be read by every person who can read. Not to read 
the book, is to suffer a loss." — Eld. I. B. Trout. 

" There is enough in the book, if people can be induced to read » 
it, tb drive the saloon business out of every village, town and city in 
the United States." — Gospel Messenger. 



You Can Help 



us in this battle against King Alcohol by placing a few copies of this v , 
splendid little book in the hands of the men and boys of your home] 
and community. It will supply them with an abundance of much need-j 
ed ammunition. A timely book of telling arguments and original illustra- 
tions. 

Prices and Bindings. 

Paper, 20 cents. 

Cloth, ; .... 35 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 




A study of development with reference to religious train- 
ing by Antoinette Abernethy Lamoreaux. This book is one 
in a thousand for parents and Sunday-school teachers who 
desire conscientiously and intelligently to nurture the un- 
folding child life. It discusses untechnically the great facts 
of childhood development, physical, intellectual and moral, 
but with the supreme underlying purpose of furnishing defi- 
nite guidance and direction to the parent and teacher in the 
sane and wholesome religious nurture of the child. 

As the skilled gardener knows just how much watering, 

pruning and training each plant in his garden needs, so ought 

-" x to know just what care and treatment is necessary for 

le growth of the human plants in your garden of children. 

Indorsed by such leaders in Sunday-school work as: 

rion Lawrance, I. B. Trout, J. Wilbur Chapman, W. B. 

ibs, M. G. Brumbaugh, W. C. Pearce, Joseph Clark, W. N. 

"shorn, Mary Foster Bryner, A. F. Schaufner and Jesse L. 

but. 

you are seeking " the most practical, most natural, and 
ipiritual book ever written along the line of child 
order a copy, 
mail, postpaid, 75 cents 



Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 



« • « e 




Vol. XII 



APRIL, 1910 



No. 4 




<?=- 



The Joy of Intercession 




"Helping together by prayer." — 2 Cor. 1:11. 



I 



LIKE to feel that though on earth 

We never meet, 
Yet we may hold heart-fellowship 

At God's dear Feet. 



I like to feel in all the work 

Thou hast to do, 
That I, by lifting hands of prayer 

May help thee too. 

I like to think that in the path 

His love prepares, 
Thy steps may sometimes stronger prove 

Through secret prayers. 

I like to think that when on high 

Results we see, 
Perchance thou wilt rejoice that I 

Thus prayed for thee! 

— E. G. Barnes-Lawrence. 



ft* A 







fjjli 


wa 


0Si 

■1 



Il HS I iSS i BB lmi& 



Contents for. April, 1910 

WORLD-WIDE,— 113 

THE MIRROR AND REFLECTOR ON DISTRICT MISSIONS, By 
the Editor, . 115 

essays- 
Two Letters, 127 

Prayer — A Practical Force in the World's Evangelization, By E. H. Eby, . . .129 

A Bit of Chinese Custom, By F. H. Crumpacker, 131 

The Giant Is Awaking, By Emma Horning 132 

Pray Ye, By Ida M. Helm, 133 

Help for the Student Volunteer, By R. W. Detter, 134 

The Bible and Missions, By J. H. Hanstine. 136 

THE LITTLE MISSIONARY,— 137 

FOR OUR MINISTERS,— 

Our Part in the Salvation of the World, By D. L. Mohler, 140 

FROM THE FIRING LINE,— 140 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 142 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOARD, BEGT/IiAB MEETIN&S, 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. Tne third Wednesday in April, August 

XT _, t , A t- >t ^ ,-. T • j it- • - an< i December. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, \ lrgima. Address all communications to the 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN GENERAL MISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. BOARD 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada, Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 
Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 



Vol 



ume 



XII 



April, 1910 



Number 4 



WORLD WIDE 



The people of the United States spent 
$60,000,000 for lace last year. During 
the same period they gave less than $7,- 
000,000 for Foreign Missions. 



It required 100 years of Foreign Mis- 
sion work, or until the year 1896, to gain 
the first 1,000,000 converts. The next 
million was gained in twelve years, and 
if the rate continues as it is at present the 
third .million will be gained in six years. 

Some'of the greatest effects of mission 
work are to be found in the Islands of 
the Seas. Of these more than 300 have 
been evangelized within about eighty 
years, and in some of them there is not 
a heathen left. 

Missionary work in the island of New 
Guinea is prospering wonderfully. There 
are twelve stations in the island and in 
these are employed twenty-four Euro- 
pean missionaries and eleven native help- 
ers. The missionary schools have 440 
boys and 154 girls in attendance, and 
during 1909, 228 heathen were baptized. 



A great meeting was recently held in 
New York City in behalf of Booker T. 
Washington's noted school at Tuskegee, 
Ala. He said in his address that it re- 
quires $250,000 per year to run the insti- 
tution and that there are 1,500 students 
under instruction in the various depart- 
ments of the school. | Tuskegee now has 
an endowment of $1,500,000. 



The number of medical missionaries 
holding British degrees and diplomas is 
now 403, which is an increase of eighteen 
over a year ago. 

Interest in missions is increasing. This 
is shown in the fact that the offerings for 
all lands for Foreign Missions during 
1909 were $24,613,000, as against $22,- 
846,000 during 1908. The increase comes 
chiefly from the United States and Can- 
ada. 

The main building of the Lincoln 
Memorial University, located at Cum- 
berland Gap, Tenn., has been burned. 
This is the university for which the late 
General O. O. Howard gave his later 
years, and which has been instrumental 
in aiding many of the mountain youths to 
Sfain an education. Such a loss is to be 
regretted. 

M. Fournier de Flaix estimates the 

number of Christians in the world today 

at 477,080,158. The following are his 

estimates for the other religions of the 

world : 

Hinduism, 190,000,000 

Buddhism, 147,000,000 

Confucianism 256,000,000 

Shintoism, 24,000P 

Judaism 7,186,000 

Taoism .:::::'.."....: «;ooo;ooo 

Mohammedanism, 175,000,000 

Polytheism 117,618,669 

While, of course, we cannot rely defi- 
nitely upon figures, yet these are signifi- 
cant as showing that Christianity far out- 
numbers any of them. 



114 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



The China Inland Mission, started in 
1865, has now, at 210 stations, 928 mis- 
sionaries. 

It is stated that there are now near 
250,000 Buddhists in Germany, and that 
a great number of them belong to the 
more cultured classes. Surely these peo- 
ple need a revival of the religion of Luth- 
er and a return to the simple faith of the 
early Protestant fathers. 



The Christian church of Korea is soon 
to launch a campaign for the winning of 
1,000,000 souls for Christ. The Christian 
church in that country numbers but 80,- 
000,- — about the same number as the 
Church of the Brethren, and they are 
planning for one million. Are we ! 



Mr. Robert E Speer, secretary of the 
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions, 
has been on a six months' tour of South 
America. In these countries he found 
that the students in the educational cen- 
ters were far behind those of India or 
Japan, in moral ideals as well as educa- 
tional development. Eighty-five per cent 
of the population of some of the coun- 
tries visited are unable to read and write. 
This is a Catholic field and shows the 
thoroughness of their missionary en- 
deavor. 



The total number of immigrants enter- 
ing the United States during 1909 was 
close to 1,250,000, and of this number 
894,870 entered the country at the port 
of New York. Our Home Mission prob- 
lem with this great number of foreign- 
ers daily grows larger. Our church 
should awaken to her responsibility in 
this regard. 

y tfff! 
^ "JSK. 

The Chinese Recorder says that the 
Salvation Army is about to invade the 
Chinese Empire. The Salvationists are 
an aggressive people and are rapidly 
possessing every land. 



Between the years 1898 and 1905 the 
terrible " sleeping sickness " of Africa 
took off the natives of the two provinces 
of Uganda at the rate of 30,000 per year. 
During the first six months of 1909 the 
number had fallen to 459. This is, in 
great measure, a result of consecrated 
service on the part of medical mission- 
aries. 

///// r 

What America needs more than rail- 
way extension, and western irrigation, 
and a low tariff, and a bigger wheat crop, 
and a merchant marine, and a new navy, 
is a revival of piety, the kind father and 
mother used to have — piety that counted 
it good business to stop for family prayer 
before breakfast, right in the middle of 
harvest ; that quit field work a half hour 
early Thursday night so as to get the 
chores done and go to prayer meeting. 
That's what we need now to clean this 
country of filth, of graft and of greed, 
petty and big, of worship of fine houses 
and big lands, and high office and grand 
social functions. — Wall Street Journal. 

^ < S5SS> 

" There is a question that is larger 
than either government or trade, and that 
is the moral well-being of vast millions 
who have come under the protection of 
modern governments. The representa- 
tive of the Christian religion must have 
his place side by side with the man of 
government and trade, and for genera- 
tions that representative must be supplied 
in the person of the foreign missionary 
from America and Europe. Civilization 
can only be permanent and continue a 
blessing to any people, if, in addition to 
promoting their material well-being, it 
also stands for an orderly individual lib- 
erty, for the growth of intelligence and 
for equal justice in the administration of 
law. Christianity alone meets these fun- 
damental requirements. The change of 
sentiment in favor of the foreign mis- 
sionary in a single generation has been 
remarkable." — Theodore Roosevelt. 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



115 



If you want to be distressed, look 
within. 

If you want to be defeated, look back. 

If you want to be distracted, look 
around. 

If you want to be dismayed, look be- 
fore. 

If you want to be delivered, look to 
Christ. 

If you want to be delighted, look up. — 
Selected. 

The celebration of the twentieth anni- 
versary of the Chicago Tract Society, 
which took place in Willard Hall on 
Feb. 5, brought out the fact that the past 
year has been the record year in the 
amount of money received and expended 
and the amount of work done. Of the 
eighty missionaries who have served the 
society, twenty-five have been employed 
during the past year. These men are 
speaking twenty-three languages. Sev- 
eral of their former missionaries are now 
filling places of eminence in the ministry 
and two are in the foreign field. The 
work of the Tract Society is essentially 
missionary, and every colporteur for the 
express and only purpose of the giving 
the sweet clear message of the Gospel to 
those who otherwse would never hear it. 
The great field for this society is among 



the foreign immigrants to our shores, and 
this is the field that they are occupying 
so admirably. 

Protestant America is just now experi- 
encing a great upheaval in behalf of mis- 
sions in the shape of the Laymen's Move- 
ment. Throughout the length and 
breadth of the country the laymen are 
becoming fired with the high ideal of be- 
ing an active participant in the evangel- 
izing of the world. Business is being 
relegated to second place by business men 
themselves, and the kingdom of God is 
given first place in their lives. Ministers 
in the past have failed in awakening the 
great mass of the church to the same fer- 
vor of missionary intensity that this 
movement seems destined to accomplish. 
Already in many cities missionary budg- 
ets have been doubled and sometimes 
tripled. A series of conventions in forty 
of the great cities of our country is being 
held, and each is being marked with great 
enthusiasm and substantial increase in 
the finances placed at the disposal of Mis- 
sion Boards. Thus the minister is supplied 
from without with the sinews of war, 
and happy is that church whose minis- 
ters will grasp the opportunity to make 
a great forward advance in the salvation 
of souls. 



THE MIRROR AND REFLECTOR ON 
DISTRICT MISSIONS 

By the Editor 



For the most part the church was glad 
to behold herself in the Mirror of the 
December Visitor and few they are who 
have turned away and forgotten what 
manner of missionary workers we are 
in the fields occupied by the General 
Board. As I now write I can recall but 
four who did not like the " image " they 



beheld. Two claimed the statements in- 
correct, but when the time boundaries 
and other facts were given them they 
had no further objections. Two said 
" Such statements would do more harm 
than good." It is hoped not. Moreover, 
the words of appreciation for once hav- 
ing an opportunity to study the cause of 



1.1 fi 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



missions in the light of actual facts have 
been so many and so general that the 
Visitor believes that a view of District 
Missions would also be helpful. 

In submitting this statement of the 
District work there is no thought in any 
way of depreciating the earnest, self-sac- 
rificing efforts of all who take an active 
part in District Missions. Neither is for- 
gotten the marvelous development of the 
last twenty-five years when from no dis- 
trict missions we have become fully or- 
ganized to work in every district. But 
the day of organization has gone by. It 
is the time for effectual work. To study 
the field in this light the following is sub- 
mitted. 

Why should such statements prove 
helpful ? For several reasons. 

First. Too often in looking at the sum 
total we imagine we are doing, much, 
when an analysis, revealing the average 
in individual effort, actually shows we 
are doing very little. To illustrate, $59 
or $100 given by a sister whose husband 
is hopelessly afflicted, whose property is 
in the hands of conservators and beyond 
her control, looks BIG to any mission 
board which knows the facts and that 
such annual contributions come through 
much sacrifice. But when $50 or $100 
comes from a congregation of 300 or 500 
members, and this is all they do in that 
year, the heart of the matter is different, 
very different. Such statements then en- 
able one to look into these collective 
efforts. 

Second. It is human not to forget our 
good deeds, and often, too often, 
churches and individuals keep in mind 
the donation of two or five years ago, 
thinking that answers even for today. I 
once met a man who twenty-five years 
ago gave $50 towards building a church 
in the community, and every solicitor 
since has been turned away because of 
that single good deed. 

Third. To suppress facts may at times 



be good policy, but it may also reveal a 
lack of real faith in God. The Jews 
stoned the prophets because they told the 
facts. When heeded and studied, facts 
become potent factors in development as 
well as to enable one to deal correctly 
with dangerous conditions. Figures may 
be made to tell most anything, some say. 
Perhaps so, but be -it known unto every 
one who reads that in these tables he has 
full privilege of weighing the facts and 
figures for himself, and he alone may 
judge the merit of the argument. 

" But are not such statements a direct 
violation of Christ's teaching when He 
said, ' Let not thy left hand know what 
thy right hand doeth ' ?" Jesus was 
teaching about almsgiving — helping the 
poor. Missionary work is not on an alms- 
giving basis. It is not under the option 
of duty as is helping the poor, but under 
the necessity of obedience to the com- 
mand, " Go." The missionary may give 
tracts, preach sermons and by God's grace 
win for Christ a man or woman worth a 
hundred thousand. In India the patel of 
the village is won as well as the poorest 
of the poor. But none of this work comes 
under the head of almsgiving. More- 
over, 2 Cor. 8 : 1 declares that " we make 
known to you the grace of God which 
hath been given in the churches of Mace- 
donia " ; and if the chapter is read it re- 
veals " much proof " of " the riches of 
their liberality" (v. 2). It is true the 
Christian should always be careful never 
to make a display of any of his giving or 
of any of his good works ; but if he is a 
worker for Christ he can no more keep 
his good works from being known by 
his neighbor or brother (left hand) than 
he can be an acceptable light bearer and 
keep his light under a bushel. Christ 
never meant that the right hand should 
do little or nothing lest the left hand 
would find it out, much less to offer the 
left hand as an excuse for inactivity in 
anv Christian dutv. 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



117 



The Facts. 

The following" tables come to the read- 
er with greater reliability, if that be 
possible, than the ones giving a state- 
ment of the support to the General Board. 
Part are taken direct from the published 
minutes of the Districts. The others have 
been prepared by the district treasurers. 
Hence, barring errors which might have 
crept in unnoticed, here again are the 
figures and the facts. 

There is the fact of growth in mem- 
bership. 1891 Government census gave 
us 60,700 communicants. This list which 
is practically as correctly compiled gives 
us 82,000 — an increase of one-third in 
nineteen years. 

In comparison with the December 
Mirror the Bicentennial offering is 65c 
per member while District support as 
shown herein is 44c per member. It 
should be remembered that the districts 
had no Bicentennial enthusiasm. 

Through the treasurer of the Board of 
Southern Illinois not being home during 
the winter we have been unable to secure 
complete data from that District. How- 
ever, including the twenty-eight churches 
of Southern Illinois the total number is 
883 instead of 910 given in the December 
report. The tables reckon with only 855 
congregations, Southern Illinois list be- 
ing excluded. 

Of the 855 congregations 574 contrib- 
uted to District Missions on a per capita 
basis as follows : 



1 church 

1 church 

1 church 

5 churches 

15 churches 

82 churches 

105 churches 

138 churches 

226 churches 



gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 
gave 



f 10 00 or more 

6 00 or more 

5 00 or more 

3 00 or more 

2 00 or more 

1 00 or more 

50 or more 

25 or more 

less than 25 c 



per 
per 
per 
per 
per 
per 
per 
per 
per 



member 
member 
member 
member 
member 
member 
member 
member 
member 



From the above it appears that only 
105 congregations supported District 
Missions to the extent of a dollar or more 
per member. 

Of the 281 churches giving nothing 
for District work (their total member- 
ship is 16,944 or one fifth of the Brother- 
hood) 



3 have a membership of 300 or more. 

13 have a membership of 200 or more. 
33 have a membership of 100 or more. 
58 have a membership of 50 or more. 

174 have a membership of less than 50. 

But here is a startling revelation. Al- 
lowing that the discrepancy in the De- 
cember report of twenty-seven too many 
congregations be placed with those who 
did not give, there were 291 congrega- 
tions who did not give to the General 
Board. Two hundred eighty-one gave 
nothing to the District Boards, and of 
these two groups 146, or one-sixth of all 
the congregations, representing 7,121, or 
about one-twelfth of the entire member- 
ship, gave not one cent either to the Gen- 
eral or Home work. Of course, the larger 
proportion of those congregations are 
small ones, yet the table is full of interest. 

4 have a membership of 200 or over. 

14 have a membership of 100 or over. 
28 have a membership of 50 or over. 

100 have a membership of less than 50. 

Would it not be a good thing to hunt 
up the December Visitor and in your 
own District see what churches sup- 
ported one or the other or neither? As 
you study this phase of the question are 
there not some striking illustrations of 
the inaccuracy of the oft-repeated state- 
ment made by some that all those who 
support the foreign work, also support 
the home field? 

Of course needs vary in different Dis- 
tricts, and, too, different District Boards 
work with different degrees of earnest- 
ness. Hence the following three tables 
of " twelves " have only a relative inter- 
est. 

"What the Brotherhood's Twelve Largest Con- 
gregations Gave to Home Work. 

Amt. Per 

Congrege'.ion Memb. Given. Capita. 

Botetourt, Va 658 $174 28 $ 27 

Antietam, Md 606 65 00 10 

Middle Creek, Pa., ..515 11.4 00 22 

Sangerville, 504 65 02 12 

Mill Creek, Va., 500 145 15 29 

Linville Creek, Va., 500 84 40 16 

Johnstown, Pa 500 62 03 12 

W. Johnstown, Pa., ..475 50 00 10 

Shade Creek, Pa 475 100 00 21 

N. Manchester, Ind., 472 120 50 25 

Flat Rock, Va 472 190 49 40 

Page (Mt. Zion), Va., 450 9 40 02 

The Twelve Congregations Giving largest 
Amount to Home Work. 

Amt. Per 

Congregation Memb. Given. Capita. 

Rock River, 111., ...180 $627 58 $ 3 48 



118 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



S. "Waterloo, la., . . . 

Lanark, 111. 

Pittsburg-, Pa 

West Branch, 111., . 
Wichita, Kans., 
Silver Creek, 111., . 

Xewton, Kans., 

Walton, Kans., 
Sugar Creek, Ohio, 
Dallas Center, Iowa 
Grundy Co. Iowa, . 



.425 
.175 
.145 
. 66 
.135 
.401 
. 70 
. 23 
175 
154 
.163 



?450 00 
344 12 
331 24 
330 94 
284 00 
276 25 
276 00 
250 00 
240 00 
239 00 
235 00 



( 1 05 

1 96 

2 28 
5 01 

2 10 
67 

3 90 
10 86 

1 38 
1 55 
1 44 



Tlie Twelve Congregations Giving Largest 
Amount Per Capita. 

Amt. Per 

Congregation Memb. Given. Capita. 

Walton, Kans., 23 $250 00 §10 86 



Chico, Calif. 31 $210 60 $ 6 79 

West Branch, 111., . . 66 330 94 5 01 

Newton, Kans., 70 276 00 3 90 

Sacramento Val. Cal., 20 75 93 3 79 

Mound, Mo., 43 157 54_ 3 66 

Rock River, 111., 180 627 58 3 48 

Lincoln, Nebr. 40 122 00 3 05 

Arnold's Grove, 111., 14 37 75 2 69 

Maple Valley, la., . . 21 51 60 2 45 

Polo, 111., 75 177 33 2 36 

Spokane, Wash., 32 74 80 2 33 

The analysis on the basis of member- 
ship reveals at least one very interesting 

and rather surprising observation: 



7 Congregations of 500 or more 

9 Congregations of 400 or more 

31 Congregations of 300 or more 

59 Congregations of 200 or more 

169 Congregations of 100 or more 

214 Congregations of 50 or more 

366 Congregations less than 50 

Just note those two columns at the 
right. As the average size of the congre- 
gation decreases the amount of the dona- 
tions increases. It would appear that the 
smaller the body the greater the contact 
with the world's need and their willing- 
ness to help. 

Meditations. 

In surveying the summarized table of 
the Districts it will be easily seen that the 
districts are after the King's business 
with varied degrees of earnestness. There 
is Southern Ohio leading all the rest by 
spending $3,484.24. Nine Districts ex- 
pend over $1,000 each. Then it decreases 
until one District (my heart aches and 
throbs as I write it) gave not a cent. 

Have you heard of any active District 
Board having too much money or no 
calls for preaching ? Is it not a fact that 
some Boards have staid out of cities 
teeming with unsaved thousands simply 
because the Districts would not support 
the " unusual expense " to maintain a 
mission there? Is it not a further fact 
that some missionaries in cities are nearly 
starved out of their work, simply because 
the District has not learned to discern 
that the difference between $500 cash for 
support in a city means only bread and 
butter and nothing laid by, and that S500 
cash to the farmer brother means that 
much over and above living towards pay- 
ing debts or laying by for the " rainy 



Total 


Amount 


Per 


Average 


lembership 


Given- 


Capita 


Membership 


3,781 


$ 709 88 


$0 19 


540 


4,012 


1,336 54 


33 


445 


10,254 


2,398 85 


53 


330 


13,805 


2,323 47 


17 


234 


22,775 


8,984 76 


39 


134 


14.874 


6,960 11 


47 


69 


10,401 


4,688 72 


45 


28 



day " ? Is it not a fact that every wide- 
awake board would like to move forward 
but cannot for want of means ? If this is 
not correct, let the Boards speak. They 
will cheerfully find space to reply to these 
questions. 

Are we missionary or anti-missionary ? 
Can we bishops of the " flocks over 
which the Holy Ghost has made us over- 
seers" smile with complacency on these 
tables? Some very dear good brethren 
have objected to foreign missions because 
there is so much to do at home. Their 
sincerity is not doubted in the least, but 
I do ask each one such brother or 
sister, have you done what you could or 
should at home? Could not the Christ 
very fittingly say to you, " This home 
work you should surely do, and the for- 
eign work should not be left undone " ? 

My brethren and sisters, this is not the 
time to resist facts, their appeal, their 
argument, or their humiliation if any 
reader should feel humiliated. To do so 
is to resist the call of God, the leadings of 
the Spirit into deeper consecration, the 
cry of the unsaved to whom we have not 
yet carried the Gospel. Instead, get right 
with God. Fall in line with His purposes 
of world-salvation. This neglect and in- 
difference to His greatest purpose should 
cause us to fall on our knees and make 
humble confession. " Freely we have 
received," but we have not given freely. 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



119 



His greatest and only work in the world 
has not received our attention and devo- 
tion. It has been treated too lightly. 

Who is on the Lord's side ? When that 
question was first put, it was difficult to 
find out who were willing to go out and 
fight the battles of the Lord, give their 
lives for His cause, and make the estab- 
lishment of His kingdom their first and 
only purpose. "Who will serve the 
King?" Look at the tables and see. 
Will the Master who wants not less than 
a whole heart service say of us, when He 
looks over what we have done, "Well 
done " ? God grant that this may be to 
every one when dollars, farms, posses- 
sions are of no value to us any more. 



The District Work Tabulated. 

The summarized report is given first. 
The columns are all plain save that 
" Other Sources," the third from the 
right hand, means money for District 
work received from rent of property the 
District owns, interest on endowment or 
any other avenue than direct donation by 
the churches. All help from the General 
Board is eliminated, and in the case of 
building meetinghouses, where contribu- 
tions were acknowledged from people 
outside the church — like the town giving 
so much — has been omitted. The pur- 
pose has been to get the fact of the con- 
gregation giving. 



District. 



fc 



Arkansas, 222 13 9 

Northern California, ..... 439 7 7 

Southern California 1109 14 11 

Northern 111. and Wis., . . 2425 31 26 

Southern Illinois*, 

Northern Indiana, 3964 45 37 

Middle Indiana, 3765 33 31 

Southern Indiana, 2532 34 28 

N. la., Minn., S. Dak., 1323 21 21 

Middle Iowa, 1076 18 15 

Southern Iowa 674 13 10 

Northeastern Kansas 1415 22 16 

Southeastern Kansas, .... 702 13 11 

N. W. Kans. and N. Colo., 1160 IS 11 

S. W. Kans. and S. Colo., 1592 18 14 

Eastern Maryland, 18S8 14 9 

Middle Maryland 1447 8 7 

Western Maryland, 505 6 

Michigan, 996 IS 15 

Northern Missouri, 602 10 6 

Middle Missouri, 506 14 9 

Southern Missouri, 620 16 8 

Nebraska, 1220 26 IS 

North Carolina, 641 17 4 

N. Dak. and Canada, 1411 23 12 

Northeastern Ohio 2781 26 24 

Northwestern Ohio, 1754 29 16 

Southern Ohio, 5089 43 37 

Oklahoma, 1057 28 11 

Oreg., Wash., and Idaho, 1504 30 23 

Eastern Pennsylvania, . . . 7355 42 23 

Middle Pennsylvania, 3961 26 22 

Southern Pennsylvania, . . 3979 19 13 

Western Pennsylvania, . . 5405 29 23 

Texas and Louisiana, .... 221 6 3 

Tennessee and Alabama,.. 1389 23 5 

First Virginia 4088 41 8 

Second Virginia 6908 35 17 

First West Virginia, 1715 18 10 

Second West Virginia, ... 462 8 4 



80 29 

868 09 

713 81 

3,195 49 

898 91 

1,035 02 

910 60 

1,451 30 

919 42 

459 66 

568 21 

375 99 

722 00 

1,611 36 

356 4S 

140 86 

' "576 - 42 

256 19 

342 01 

102 30 

892 99 

41 91 

176 76 

760 31 

634 25 

2,414 20 

280 39 

1,862 90 

879 46 

711 92 

268 70 

1,182 28 

32 95 

36 63 

309 34 

1,061 41 

260 97 

5 55 



24 00 

82 17 

222 80 



144 09 
3 00 

'"il'Va 

237 70 

128 49 

38 50 

99 14 

1,478 77 

14 00 



70 61 

44 10 

13 50 

8 90 

976 46 

96 51 

754 66 

48 38 

96 26 

1,070 04 

515 21 

194 02 

5 00 



204 25 

103 66 

336 23 

672 33 

112 55 

12 94 



104 29 

950 26 

936 61 

3,195 49 

898 91 

1,179 11 

913 60 

1,451 30 

946 67 

697 36 

696 70 

414 49 

821 14 

3,090 13 

370 48 

140 86 

' "64703 
300 29 
355 51 
111 20 

1,869 45 
138 42 
931 42 
SOS 69 
730 51 

3,484 24 
795 60 

2,056 92 
884 46 
711 92 
268 70 

1,182 28 
237 20 
140 29 
645 57 

1,733 74 

373 52 

18 49 



j. 40 

2 16 

S4 

1 26 

22 
34 
36 

1 09 
87 

1 03 
49 
59 
70 

1 94 
19 
09 

' '65 
49 
70 
17 

1 53 
21 
66 
29 
41 
68 
75 

1 36 
12 
17 
06 
21 

1 07 
10 
15 
25 
21 
04 



Totals, 



.79902 855 574 $27,397 33 $7,835 52 $35,232 85 $ 44 



♦Southern Illinois with a membership 2 202 is not included in any of the tables as 
we have received no report of their work. . 



120 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



THE TABLES. 



Arkansas. Membership 222 
October 1908-October 1909. 

Memb 

Austin, 29 

Broadwater, 28 

Crowson, 20 

Carlisle 14 

Cypress Glade 6 

East Prairie, 8 

Farrenburg 12 

Good Hope, 8 

Mount Hope 15 

Little Brushy, 2S 

Poplar Bluff, IS 

Turnmore 16 

St. Francis, 20 

Total by churches, 
Other Sources, .... 



Totals 222 $104 29 $ 40 

From outside the District $1016 00. 

Northern California. Membership 439. 
Oct. '08-'09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Butte Valley, 105 $155 27 $ 1 47 

Chico, 31 210 60 6 79 

Fruitdale 33 61 82 1 88 

Oak Grove, 85 140 92 165 

Raisin 40 62 25 155 

Reedlev 125 16130 129 

Sacramento Valley, . 20 75 93 3 79 



Amt. 


Per 


Given. 


Capi 


:ta. 


$ 20 21 


$ 


69 


20 55 




73 


2 05 




10 


9 00 




64 


- 1 50 




25 


5 00 




62 


12 05 




80 


3 6S 




13 


6 25 




31 


$. 80 29 






24 00 







Total by churches. 
Other sources, . . . 



$868 09 
82 17 



Amt. 


Per 


Given. 


Capita. 


$174 


25 


$ 1 08 


57 


00 


40 


50 


30 


59 


2S 


70 


71 


137 


16 


62 


75 


50 


53 


43 


05 


71 


31 


70 


S8 


36 


00 


1 44 


65 


90 


69 


14 


25 


52 


$713 


81 




222 


80 





Totals, 439 $950 26 $ 2 16 

From outside the District $575 50. 
Southern California. Membership 1109. 

March J 08-March '09. 

Memb. 

Covina, 160 

Egan 19 

Glendora 140 

Glendale 45 

Inglewood, 84 

Long Beach, ....... 40 

Lordsburg 218 

Los Angeles, 140 

Pasadena, . 60 

Pomona 3 6 

Santa Ana, 25 

S. Los Angeles, 95 

Tropico 27 

El Centro, 20 

Total by churches, 
Other sources, . . . 

Totals 1109 $936 61 $ 84 

From outside the District $400. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 
Membership 2425. 

Sept. '08-Sept. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Arnolds Grove 14 $ 37 75 $ 2 69 

Ash Ridge 45 35 42 78 

Barron 50 8 00 16 

Batavia 45 39 60 88 

Cherry Grove 120 215 43 1 79 

Chicago, 102 28 35 28 

Chippewa Valley, . . 46 7 18 15 

Dixon 60 11 31 IS 

Elgin 102 52 2S 51 

Elk River 4 

Hickory Grove, 45 52 36 1 16 

Irvin Creek 20 

Lanark 175 344 12 196 

Maple Grove 75 4 50 06 

Milledgeville 103 183 45 1 7S 

Mt. Carroll 35 

Naperville 50 41 11 82 

Pine Creek 116 ISO 74 1 55 



Polo, 75 $177 33 $ 2 36 

Rock Creek, 41 67 46 1 67 

Rockford, 20 12 21 61 

Rock River, 180 627 58 3 48 

Shannon, 52 114 55 2 20 

Silver Creek, 401 276 25 67 

Sterling, 93 53 57 57 

Waddams Grove, 125 186 71 1 49 

West Branch, 66 330 94 5 01 

Worden, 75 9 60 12 

Yellow Creek, 63 97 69 1 55 

Cloverdale, 16 

Willard 11 

Total by churches, $3195 49 

Totals, 2425 $3195 49 $ 1 26 

Southern Illinois. Membership 2202. 

Oct. '0S-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Allison Prairie, 65 

Astoria 183 

Bear Creek, 12 

Big Creek, 3 6 

Blue Ridge, 51 

Camp Creek, 26 

Cerro Gordo, 203 

Coal Creek, 83 

Hudson, 57 

Hurricane Creek, ... 5S 

Kaskaskia 44 

LaMotte Prairie, ... 32 

Liberty 55 

Macoupin Creek, .... 80 

Martins Creek 42 

Mt. Vernon, 28 

Mulberrv Grove, .... 47 

Oak Grove, 30 

Oakley, 154 

Okaw 230 

Panther Creek 80 

Pleasant Hill, 249 

Romine 36 

Salem, 16 

Sugar Creek, 49 

Spring Run, 20 

W. Otter Creek 53 

Woodland 183 

Total 2202 

Northern Indiana. Membership 3964. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Baugo, 115 $ 12 50 $ 10 

Bethel, 114 32 50 22 

Bremen 50 12 50 25 

Berrien IS 

Blue River 120 23 75 19 

Camp Creek 45 10 25 22 

Cedar Creek 75 21 00 2S 

Clear Creek 80 20 00 25 

Columbia City, 23 

West Goshen, 275 60 00 21 

Elkhart Valley, 6S 21 25 31 

Elkhart City 100 

English Prairie 100 25 00 25 

Ft. Wayne 31 2 25 07 

Goshen City, ISO 45 00 25 

Hawpatch, 12 2 75 22 

LaPorte 45 81 00 1 80 

Little St. Joseph,... 24 7 44 31 

Maple Grove 100 23 75 23 

North Liberty 92 30 00 32. 

Nappanee, 194 45 75 23 

Osceola 34 10 00 29 

Pine Creek 240 

Pigeon River 20 2 50 12 

Pleasant Hill 70 16 75 23 

Pleasant Valley, 160 42 50 26 

Pokagon 1° 

Portage 50 12 48 24 

Rnck Run 160 41 25 25 

Salem, ..32 S 00 25 

Solomon Creek 147 46 50 31 

Springfield, 75 17 50 23 

St. Joseph Valley, . . 28 

First S. Bend 135 26 44 19 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



121 



Second South Bend,. 50 

Shipshewana, 65 $ 8 50 $ 13 

Syracuse 65 17 50 27 

Tippecanoe 60 13 75 22 

Turkey Creek, 106 31 -SO 30 

Union 65 17 50 27 

Union Center ISO 43 00 23 

"Walnut 102 25 00 24 

Washington, 50 

Yellow Creek, 124 27 50 22 

Yellow River, 45 13 75 30 

Total by churches, $898 91- 

Totals 3964 $898 91 $ 22 

Middle Indiana. Membership 3765. 

Oct. 'OS-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Andrews 45 

Burnetts Creek, 75 $ 37 25 $ 49 

Bachelors Run, 350 122 50 35 

Beaver Creek 28 9 25 33 

Beaver Dam, 28 2 50 . OS 

Camden 45 11 25 25 

Clear Creek 85 21 00 24 

Eel River 293 68 75 23 

Huntington City, ...115 54 75 47 

Huntington, 64 15 00 23 

Kewanna .....18 4 50 25 

Logansport 70 12 75 18 

Landesville, 26 6 50 25 

Lower Deer Creek, .100 22 50 22 

Markle, 98 20 75 21 

Mexico, .'280 87 50 31 

Monticello 110 25 50 23 

North Manchester, ..472 120 50 25 

Ogans Creek 48 15 00 31 

Prairie Creek, 61 45 50 74 

Pleasant Dale, ...... 88 19 75 22 

Palestine 30 

Portland 27 3 75 13 

Pipe Creek, 170 47 00 27 

Roann, 170 40 00 23 

Sugar Creek 90 42 50 47 

Spring Creek 150 33 50 22 

Salimonie 310 75 00 24 

Somerset, 81 20 00 25 

Sante Pe, 85 11 52 13 

Upper Deer Creek, . . 68 18 75 27 

Walnut Level 15 2 50 16 

Wabash, 70 17 50 25 

Total by churches, $1035 02 

Other sources, .... 144 09 

Totals, 3765 $1179 11 $ 34 

Southern Indiana. Membership 2532. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Anderson, 70 $ 4 77 $ 06 

Arcadia 70 13 14 IS 

Beech Grove, 56 6 32 11 

Bethany, 20 37 50 1 87 

Bethel Center, 40 7 62 19 

Buck Creek 71 13 87 19 

Fairview, 60 

Fountain 40 

Four Mile 135 90 45 67 

Harrison Co 22 2 00 09 

Hartford City, 35 

Hillisburg, 33 11 00 33 

Howard, 72 50 00 69 

Indianapolis 26 

Kilbuck, 57 17 80 31 

Ladoga, 51 47 02 92 

Lick Creek 130 30 80 23 

Little Walnut 29 16 67 57 

Lower Fall Creek, . . 33 8 80 21 

Middle Fork, 200 64 62 32 

Mississinewa 204 95 17 46 

Mt. Pleasant, 80 25 80 32 

Muncie, 55 

Nettle Creek, 335 168 39 50 

New Hope 40 4 08 10 

Plevna, 49 9 36 19 

Pyrmont 154 34 02 22 



Sampson Hill 30. $ 7 35 $ 20 

Stony Creek 28 

Sugar Creek, 22 6 00 27 

Summit 50 10 00 20 

Upper Fall Creek, . . SO 43 23 54 

White 145 71 92 49 

New Lebanon, 10 12 90 1 29 

Total by churches, $910 60 

Other sources, .... 300 

Totals 2532 $913 60 $ 36 

From outside the District $500. 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota, and S. Dakota. 

Membership 1323. 

Oct. '08-Oct. *'09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Curlew 15 $ 25 00 $ 1 66 

Deer Park 15 10 20 68 

Franklin Co , 44 68 50 155 

Greene S3 75 00 90 

•Grundy County, ....163 236 00 1 44 

Hancock 34 35 00 1 03 

Kingslev 75 100 00 1 33 

Lewistown 55 110 00 2 00 

Maple Valley 21 51 60 2 45 

Morrill 36 40 00 111 

Pleasant Prairie, .... 7 10 00 1 42 

Root River 102 10 00 09 

Sheldon, 32 50 00 1 56 

Spring Creek 31 35 00 1 12 

South Waterloo 425 450 00 1 05 

Willow Creek; 69 50 00 72 

Worthington, 61 55 00 90 

Winona -26 11 00 42 

Lake Park 7 7 00 1 00 

Gilletts Grove, 10 10 on l no 

Farhamsville, 12 12 00 1 00 

Total by churches. $1451 30 

Totals 1323 $1451 30 $ 1 09 

Middle Iowa. Membership 1076. 

Sept. 'OS-Sept. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Ame^ 8 $ 3 26 ■ $ 40 

Brooklyn, 51 51 00 1 00 

Cedar, * 33 20 00 • 60 

Cedar Rapids, 40 38 00 95 

Coon River ..186 177 00 95 

Dallas Center, 154 239 00 1 55 

Deep River, 9 

Des Moines Valley,.. 74 98 75 1 33 

Des Moines, 52 28 50 54 

Dry Creek 40 25 00 62 

Garrison, 77 63 00 81 

Harlan, 27 11 50 42 

Indian Creek 70 55 00 78 

Iowa River, 47 40 00 85 

Muscatine, 27 30 41 1 12 

Oak Grove 16 

Panther Creek, 108 39 00 36 

Prairie City, 57 

Total by churches, $919 42 

Other sources 27 25 

Totals 1076 $946 67 $ 87 

Outside District $250. 

Southern Iowa. Membership 674. 

Sept. '08-Sept. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

English River 180 $187 02 $ 1 03 

Monroe 61 4 00 06 

Fairview 76 22 93 30 

Libertyville 76 58 55 77 

South Keokuk 68 62 00 91 

Franklin, 34 

Salem, 40 54 86 1 37 

Mt. Etna, 46 30 00 65 

Osceola 20 

South Ottumwa 35 34 50 98 



122 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



$ 2 25 

3 55 


$ 17 
23 


$459 66 
237 70 



Crooked Creek, 13 

East Nodaway, ....'. 15 
Middle Creek, 10 

Total by churches, 
Other sources .... 



Totals, 674 $697 36 $ 1 03 

Outside the District $200. 

Northeastern Kansas. Membership 1415. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Abilene 162 $103 45 $ 63' 

Appanoose 97 77 38 79 

Chapman Creek, .... 55 19 25 35 

Cottonwood, 30 6 37 21 

East Maple Grove. . . 10 

Kansas City 180 73 05 40 

Lawrence, 16 6 18 38 

Morrill 155 115 50 74 

Ozawkie, 70 20 00 28 

Ottawa, 110 

Olathe, 65 22 44 34 

Pleasant Grove, .... 19 

Rock Creek 46 10 25 22 

Ramona, 43 30 on 69 

Sabetha 87 10 80 12 

Soldier Creek, 17 

Topeka 35 

Vermilion 45 

Washington 34 7 15 21 

"Washington Creek, . . 75 33 39 44 

"Wade Branch, 39 3 00 n? 

Overbrook, 25 30 00 1 20 

Total by churches, $568 21 

Other sources, 128 49 

Totals 1415 $696 70 $ 49 

Southeastern Kansas. Membership 702. 

Oct. '0S-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Altamont 37 $ 20 00 $ 54 

Arkansas City 18 1 00 05 

Fredonia 90 47 00 52 

Grenola 74 75 85 1 02 

Independence 57 6 00 10 

Mt. Ida 54 

Neosho 33 15 57 44 

New Hope 12 23 00 1 91 

Osage 74 50 00 67 

Parsons 90 32 00 35 

Paint Creek 53 

Scott Valley 45 42 00 93 

Verdigris, 65 63 57 97 

Total by churches, $375 99 

Other sources, ... 3850 

Totals, 702 $414 49 ? 59 

From outside the District $150 00. 

Northwestern Kansas and Northern Colorado. 

Membership 1160. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Belleville 76 $136 45 $ 1 79 

Burr Oak, .101 100 00 99 

Denver, 40 

Dorrance, 15 

Fruita 150 6 67 04 

First Grand Valley, 104 2 6 00 25 

Good Hope, 22 

Lowland 23 

Maple Grove 42 

Mt. Garfield 29 16 00 55 

North Solomon 61 89 90 145 

Pleasant View 13 

Quinter 300 164 83 54 

Saline Valley 13 

Sterling 39 33 00 84 

St. Vrain, 25 39 15 156 



Victor, 64 $ 70 00 $ 1 09 

White Rock 43 40 00 93 

Total by churches, $722 00 

Other sources, .... 99 14 

Totals, 1160 §82114 $ 71 

Southwestern Kansas and Southern Colorado. 

Membership 1592. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Eden Vallev 43 $ 37 30 $ 46 

Garden Citv 48 32 00 66 

Kansas Center, 42 111 16 1 19 

Earned, 121 

McPherson, 282 111 01 39 

Monitor 91 198 94 2 18 

Murdock, 60 8 25 13 

Newton 70 276 00 3 90 

Peabody 39 6 63 17 

Pleasant View, 70 142 87 2 04 

Prairie View, i , 

Prowers 93 

Rocky Ford, 150 22 67 15 

Salem 72 106 48 1 47 

Sante Fe 29 

Slate Creek, 127 24 05 11 

Walton, 23 250-00 10 86 

Wichita 135 284 00 2 10 

Total by churches, $1611 36 

Other sources, .... 147S , 7 

Totals 1592 $3090 13 $ 1 94 

Eastern Maryland. Membership 1888. 
April 'OS-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 
West Point Mission. 32 

Beaverdam, 137 $ 17 50 $ 12 

Baltimore 150 12 33 08 

Bush Creek 210 

Frederick 80 15 00 18 

Meadow Branch, ....250 33 92 13 

Monocacv 165 35 00 21 

Upr. Middletown Val., 250 25 00 10 

Pinev Creek, 50 

Pipe Creek, 250 164 48 65 

Long Green, 28 

Belair, 6 

Sam's Creek 120 28 25 23 

"Washington City. ...160 25 00 15 

Total by churches, $356 48 

Other sources 14 00 

Totals 1SSS $370 48 $0 19 

From outside the District $400. 

Middle Maryland. Membership 1447. 
April 'OS-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Beaver Creek 150 $ 14 09 $ 09 

Berkley 124 6 44 05 

Brownsville, 300 2 92 01 

Hagerstown 275 26 25 09 

Licking Creek 98 1 05 01 

Manor, 260 58 03 22 

Welsh Run, 200 25 33 12 

Johnstown 40 6 75 16 

Total by churches, $140 86 

Totals, 1447 $140 86 $ 09 

"Western Maryland, Membership 505. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bear Creek 85 

Cherry Grove 48 

Fairview 80 

Georee's Creek 30 

Maple Grove, 160 

Oakland, 102 

Total 505 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



123 



Michigan. Membership 996. 

Aug. 1, '08-July 31, '09. 
Amt. 

Memb. Given. 

Bearlake 30 $ 20 00 

Black River, 30 20 79 

Beaverton, 45 17 00 

Chippewa Creek 37 17 00 

Coleman 30 

Crystal 40 4 75 

Harlan 60 

Lakeview 105 29 98 

Little Traverse, 33 10 00 

New Haven, 65 63 25 

Onekama, 20 

Riverside 51 19 90 

Saginaw 17 15 00 

Sugar Ridge 115 62 50 

Sunfleld 50 31 24 

Thornapple 97 115 35 

Vestaburg, 31 14 66 

Woodland, 140 135 00 



Per 

Capita. 

$ 66 
69 
38 
45 



28 
30 

97 

39 
SS 
54 
62 
18 
47 
96 



•09. 




Amt. 

Given. 

$ 38 45 


Per 

Capita. 
$ 56 


11 43 

2 50 

46 16 

22 00 


30 
02 
44 
21 


136 15 


2 06 


$256 19 
44 10 



Total by churches. $576 42 

Other sources, .... 70 61 

Totals, 996 $647 03 $ 65 

Other sources outside the District $150.00. 

Northern Missouri. Membership 602. 

Sept. '08-Sept. 

Memb. 

Bethel 68 

Shelby County, 19 

Honey Creek, 7 

Log Creek 37 

Pleasant "View 85 

Rockingham 104 

Smith Fork 101 

South St. Joseph, . . 82 
North St. Joseph, . . 33 
Wakenda 66 

Total by churches, 
Other sources 

Totals, 602 $300 29 $ 49 

Middle Missouri. Membership 506. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Centerview, 21 $ 14 49 $ 69 

Clear Creek 7 

Clear Fork, 32 

Deepwater, 32 3 40 10 

Mineral Creek, 162 112 02 69 

Mound 43 157 54 3 66 

Mound "Valley 16 

Osceola 30 5 00 16 

Prairie View, 44 9 25 21 

Smith Grove, 5 

Spring Branch 37 13 20 35 

Turkey Creek, 8 

Walnut Creek, 12 4 00 33 

Warrensburg, 57 23 11 40 

Total by churches, $342 01 

Other sources 13 50 

Totals 506 $355 51 $ 70 

Southern Missouri and Northwestern Arkansas. 

Membership 620. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bethany 14 $ 1 50 5 10 

Cabool 45 33 30 22 

Carthage 95 22 00 23 

Cedar County 6 7 50 1 25 

Dry Fork, 52 

Fairview, 66 18 00 27 

Joplin 16 

Nevada 19 

Oak Forest 24 5 00 20 

Oak Grove, 33 10 00 30 

Peace Valley, 24 5 00 20 

Pilot Knob 18 



Springdale 18 

Spring River 28 

Shoal Creek, 32 

Waynesville, 30 

Total by churches, $102 30 

Other sources 8 90 

Totals, 620 $111 20 

Nebraska. Membership 1220. 

Sept. '08-Sept. '09. 

Amt. 

Memb. Given. 

Afton 100 $ 13 00 

Alvo, 37 75 25 

Arcadia, 49 35 22 

Bethel, 103 133 00 

Beatrice 52 18 25 

Beaver Creek, 10 

Exeter, 10 

Falls City 35 4 00 

Glenrock 48 

Grand Prairie 7 

Highline 35 30 05 

Juniata 47 19 00 

Kearney 82 116 00 

Lutes 10 

Lincoln 40 122 00 

North Beatrice, ..... 41 3020 

Octavia 53 60 00 

Pioneer, 32 16 00 

Red Cloud, 72 34 37 

Sappy Creek 25 

South Beatrice 192 99 40 

South Loup, 20 21 00 

South Red Cloud 35 26 00 

Silver Lake 31 40 25 

Turkey Creek 40 

Upper Wood River, . . 14 

Total by churches, $892 99 

Other -sources 976 46 



$ 18 



Per 

Capita. 

$ 13 

2 03 

71 

1 29 

35 



11 





S4 




40 


1 


41 


3 


05 




73 


1 


13 




50 




47 




51 


1 


05 




74 


1 


29 





Totals 1220 $1869 45 $ 1 53 

North Carolina. Membership 641. 

Aug. '08-Aug. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Flat Rock, 51 $ 8 65 $ 17 

Peak Creek 57 

White Rock 2S 

Pleasant Valley 34 

Mt. Carmel, 45 

Little Pine, 14 

New Bethel 16 

Mountain View 12 

Brummetts Creek, . . 96 

Pleasant Grove, 43 

Hollow Poplar, 25 

Bethlehem 30 

Mill Creek 46 16 75 36 

Green River Cove,... 24 

Melvin Hill 70 11 82 16 

Golden 30 4 69 15 

Brooklyn 20 

Total by churches, $ 41 91 

Other sources, .... 96 51 

Totals, 641 $138 42 $0 21 

From outside the District $300. 

North Dakota and Canada. Membership 1411. 

July '08-July '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bowbells 24 

Berthold 55 $ 22 71 $ 41 

Cando, 140 10 63 07 

Carrington, 42 24 40 58 

Bgeland, 65 11 62 17 

Fairview 57 

James River 38 17 10 45 

Kenmare, 50 6 30 12 

Medicine Lake 31 8 00 25 

Mountain View 17 

Pleasant Ridge, 37 

Pleasant Valley, .... 81 22 00 27 



12-i 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



Red River Valley, . . 18 

E.ock Lake, 65 

Ray, 45 

Salem, 104 

Snyder Lake, 131 

Surrey, 125 

Sharon, 66 

Turtle Mountain .... 60 

Wells County 37 

"White Rock, 80 

"Williston 43 

Englevale Mission, . . 

Total by churches, 
Other sources 



Totals, 



.1411 



$ 7 20 

10 00 

S SO 

11 00 

17 00 

$176 76 

754 66 

$931 42 



$ 16 

OS 

23 
25 

$ 66 



Northeastern Ohio. Membership 2781. 
Oct. '08-Sept. 16, '09. 



Memb. 

Ashland 220 

Black River 60 

Bristolville, 20 

Chippewa 195 

Canton 120 

Canton City 100 

Danville 200 

E. Nimishillen, 210 

Freeburg, 88 

Greenwood, 33 

Goshen 25 

Jonathan Creek, 125 

Loudonville, 100 

Maple Grove 120 

Mohican, 65 

Mahoning 14S 

Mt. Zion. 20 

Owl Creek, 76 

Reading 160 

Springfield 210 

Sugar Creek .200 

Tuscarawas, '. 40 

Wooster, 100 

W. Nimishillen 100 

Sandy, 20 

Akron Mission, 20 



Amt. 


Per 


Given. 


Capita. 


5 59 


$ 


02 


13 S4 




23 


44 95 




23 


47 72 




37 


57 85 




28 


77 08 




37 


21 32 




24 


3 15 




04 


18 22 




72 


42 76 




34 


10 22 




10 


22 81 




19 


28 35 




43 


8 27 




05 


6 00 




30 


46 91 




61 


21 37 




13 


85 65 




40 


50 10 




25 


7 62 




19 


41 43 




41 


42 80 




42 


20 00 


1 


00 


36 30 


1 


81 



Total by churches, 
Other sources 



$760 31 
48 38 



Totals, 2781 $S0S 69 $ 29 

Northwestern Ohio. Membership 1754. 
April 'OS-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Baker, 45 

Black Swamp, 44 $ S 00 $ 18 

Blanchard SO 

Blue Creek 35 

County Line 90 

Deshler, 28 10 00 36 

Eagle Creek, 75 72 00 96 

Fairview 40 

Fostoria, 63 

Greenspring 65 31 15 47 

Lick Creek 120 50 58 42 

Lima, 60 6 64 11 

Logan, 140 

Ross 34 12 00 35 

Pleasant Hill. 30 

Mercer 40 

South Poplar Ridge.. 30 
North . Poplar Ridge,. 65 

Portage 20 

Richland, 48 30 50 63 

Rome, 46 9 30 20 

Sand Ridge, 18 7 00 3S 

Seneca 65 24 00 33 

Silver Creek 125 45 49 37 

Sugar Ridge 4S 49 75 1 03 

Swan Creek, 62 30 94 49 



Wyandot, 28 $ 7 50 $ 26 

Sugar Creek 175 240 00 1 38 

Bellefontaine, 35 

Total by churches, $634 25 

Other sources, 96 26 ' 

Totals, 1754 $730 51 $ 41 

Southern Ohio. Membership 5089. 
April '08-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bear Creek, 152 $ 89 75 $ 58 

Beaver Creek, 40 15 50 38 

Beech Grove, 77 37 65 4S 

Casstown, 40 

Charlestown, 55 1 50 02 

Circleville, 29 

Covington, 300 66 00 22 

Donnels Creek 330 139 00 42 

East Dayton, 42 4 00 09 

Greenville 150 43 50 29 

Hickory Grove 125 92 00 73 

Loramie 59 22 99 38 

Lexington, 19 27 30 1 43 

Lower Miami 120 30 00 25 

Lower Stillwater, ...242 158 75 65 

Lower Twin, 165 95 00 57 

Ludlow 390 215 00 55 

Marble Furnace 10 1 60 16 

May Hill 10 3 50 35 

Newton 150 107 50 71 

North Star, 105 44 50 42 

Oakland 170 104 50 61 

Palestine 65 47 50 73 

Pleasant Vallev 65 43 16 66 

Price's Creek, 180 79 75 44 

Poplar Grove, 114 63 50 55 

Ridge, 18 

Rush Creek, 42 S 00 19 

Salem 300 202 50 67 

Sidnev 114 11 oo 09 

West Davton 175 44 00 25 

Stone Lick 29 7 50 25 

Strait Creek 20 

Trotwood 135 90 oo 66 

Union City Ill 46 00 41 

Upper Stillwater, ...200 101 75 50 

UDp.er Twin 176 Kfl 75 33 

West Milton, 110 79 50 72 

"White Oak 15 

"Wolf Creek 30F; 1S5 00 60 

Frankfort S 1 75 21 

Middle District 110 44 00 40 

Constance, 17 

Total by churches, S2414 20 

Other sources 1070 04 

Totals 5089 ?34S4 24 ? 68 

Oklahoma, New Mexico and the Panhandle. 

Membership 1057. 

Oct. '08-Sept. 22. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bear Creek 17 

Bethany 14 

Big Creek 82 $ 37 00 $ 45 

Bright Star, 13 

Cement, 37 

r-lovis, 43 

Goodwell, 34 19 00 55 

Guthrie 45 2 00 04 

Hovle 41 

Tndian Creek 28 

Monitor 69 S2 00 1 l<5 

M.-mnd Valley Sfl 6 40 OS 

Mount Hope, 27 

New Hope 14 

North Star 22 

Tik City 35 60 00 1 71 

Oak Grove 14 

Pan Handle 31 

Paradise Prairie. ... 69 12 66 is 

Pecos Vallev 3fi 13 50 37 

Pleasant Home 23 

"Pleasant Plains 58 

Stillwater 21 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



125 



Prairie Lake 31 

Red River, 50 

Turkev Creek, 26 

Washita, 74 

Union Center 23 

Total by churches, 
Other sources 



$ 21 50 
6 87 



19 46 



$280 39 
515 21 



$ 69 
13 

26 



Totals, 1057 $795 60 

From outside the District $400. 

Oregon, Washing-ton and Idaho. Membership 



1504. 

July 'OS-July 

Memb. 

Ashland, 33 

Boise Valley 86 

Boise City, 23 

Centralia 48 

Clearwater, 38 

Coquille Ill 

E. Wenatchee 65 

Flathead Valley 16 

Idaho Falls, 15 

Lebanon, 16 

Mohawk Valley 33 

Myers Creek, 11 

Mt. Hope, 26 

Nampa Ill 

Newberg 65 

Nez Perce 73 

North Yakima, 42 

Olympia, 30 

Payette 96 

Portland, 45 

Rogue River, 53 

Seattle, 63 

Spokane 32 

Stiverson 13 

Sunnyside 83 

Twin Falls 29 

Tekoa 27 

Weiser 58 

Wenatchee, 137 

Weston, 26 

Tot41 by churches, 
Other sources, .... 



•09. 

Amt. 
Given. 
$ 44 00 
163 68 

62 56 

51 04 

65 70 

95 03 

4 40 



16 45 

42 24 

176 01 

84 48 

140 80 

42 46 

38 72 

193 62 

66 00 

79 64 

74 80 

15 84 

136 00 

52 80 

89 76 

126 87 



$1S62 90 
194 02 



Per 
Capita. 



33 

90 

30 

34 
59 
46 

27 



Totals 1504 $2056 92 

From outside the District $1000 00. 



2 33 
1 21 
1 63 
1 82 

1 54 
92 



$ 1 36 



Eastern Pennsylvania. 

April '0S-Ap 

Memb 

Amwell 40 

Sandbrook 40 

Big Swatara 300 

Brooklyn 80 

Chiques, 275 

Conestoga, 200 

Coventry, 240 

Elizabethtown, 160 

Ephrata 210 

Fairview, 150 

Green Tree, 275 

Germantown, 92 

Harrisburg, 95 

Hatfield, 130 

Indian Creek .155 

Lancaster City, 250 

Little Swatara 325 

Maiden Creek 43 

Mechanics Grove, . . 40 

Midway, 250 

Mingo 125 

Mountville, ..365 

Norristown 30 

Parkersford, 100 

Peach Blossom 55 

First Philadelphia, ..350 

Reading, 72 

Ridgely 145 

Royersford 84 

Schuylkill, 80 

Spring Creek, 4°.°, 

Springfield SO 



Membership 7355. 

ril '09. 

Amt. Per 

Given. Capita. 



65 



$ 21 



28 27 


10 


26 11 


13 


15 87 


06 


109 67 


68 


20 00 


09 


6 50 


04 


39 25 


30 


36 55 


23 



35 00 



10 



12 75 

32 06 

63 76 

5 31 


05 

25 
17 
17 


11 31 

31 57 


15 
21 


00 00 
15 99 


21 
19 



$ 21 


24 


$ 07 


85 


00 


24 


22 


00 


05 


56 


00 


24 


39 


90 


09 


$879 


46 




5 


00 





Spring Grove 77 

Springville 275 

Tower City, 40 

Tulpehocken 345 

Upper Dublin 50 

West Conestoga, ...370 

West Greentree 230 

White Oak 420 

Geiger Memorial, ..230 
Harmonyville 60 

Total by churches, 
Other sources, . . . 



Totals 7355 $884 46 $ 12 

From outside District $100 00. 

Middle Pennsylvania. Membership 3961. 

April '08-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita, 

Altoona 362 $ 65 80 $ 18 

Ardenheim 50 5 00 10 

Ausrhwick, 175 20 00 11 

Bellwood 83 

Carson Valley, 110 9 50 OS 

Claar 201 17 79 OS 

Clover Creek 324 63 10 19 

Everett 100 12 00 12 

Huntingdon 225 100 00 44 

James Creek 71 3 45 04 

Juniata Park, 143 

Leamersville, 60 15 00 25 

Lewistown 306 50 64 16 

New Enterprise, ....272 100 00 37 

Raven Run 74 14 00 18 

Riddlesburg 26 4 25 16 

Roarina: Spring, 169 8 64 05 

Snake Snring- 220 30 00 13 

Spring Run, 190 77 00 40 

Stonerstown, ....... 84 6 48 07 

Tyrone. 107 

Warriors Mark 60 

Woodburv 225 S8 54 39 

Yellow Creek 121 6 68 05 

Fairview 141 10 00 07 

. Artemas, 62 4 05 06 

Total by churches, $711 92 

Totals 3961 $711 92 $ 17 

Southern Pennsylvania. Membership 3979. 

April 'OS-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Antietam 606 $ 65 00 $ 10 

Back Creek 250 30 00 12 

Buffalo Valley, 57 4 25 07 

Ohambersburg 60 

Codorus, 230 37 35 16 

Falling Spring, 250 30 25 12 

Hanover 48 9 00 18 

Lost Creek 250 6 00 02 

Lower Canowago, ...251 

Lower Cumberland, . . 239 17 50 07 

Marsh Creek 100 4 55 04 

Perry, 50 10 00 20 

Pleasant Hill, 138 24 00 17 

Ridge, 120 

Upper Canowago, ...300 5 00 01 

Upper Codorus 275 

Upper Cumberland, .230 25 80 11 

York 375 

Sugar Valley 150 

Total by churches, $268 70 

Totals 3979 $268 70 $ 06 

Western Pennsylvania. Membership 5405. 

April '08-April '09. 

Berlin 200 

-Bolivar ! 55 $ 21 00 $ 38 

Brothers Valley, ...300 99 30 33 

Dunnings Creek, 70 19 SO 28 

FTk Lick 160 4S 00 30 

George's Creek 210 44 00 20 

Glade Run 40 

Glen Hope 34 9 00 26 



126 



The Missionary Visitor 



1910 
April 



Indian Creek 160 $ 40 00 $ 25 

Jacob's Creek, 160 9 15 05 

Johnstown, 500 62 03 12 

Ligonier 30 4 00 13 

Manor, 169 36 63 21 

Markleysburg 200 

Maple Glen, 85 9 47 11 

Middle Creek 515 114 00 22 

Montgomery, 100 8 00 OS 

Mt Union, 70 

Meyersdale, 372 .16 46 04 

Pittsburg, 145 33124 2 28 

Plum Creek, 100 40 00 40 

Quemahoning, 375 75 00 20 

Red Bank, 35 16 00 45 

Rocktoni 75 26 70 35 

Ryerson, ". 40 2 50 60 

Shade Creek, 475 100 00 21 

Summit Mills, 220 

Ten Mile, 35 

West Johnstown, 475 50 00 10 

Total by churches, $1182 28 

Totals, 5405 $1182 28 $ 21 

Texas and Louisiana. Membership 221. 
Aug. '08-July 15, "09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Live Oak, 11 

Manvel, 38 $ 21 70 $ 57 

Nocona, 45 

Roanoke 84 10 00 11 

Saginaw, . . 36 125 03 

Oak Grove, 7 

Total by churches, $ 32 95 

Other sources 204 25 

Totals 221 $237 20 $ 1 07 

Tennessee and Alabama. Membership 1389. 

Sept. '08-Sept. *09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Beaver Creek, 40 

Bailey Grove 27 

Bristol, 22 

Cedar Grove, 128 $ 15 83 $ 12 

Cumberland, 40 

French Broad, 54 

Fruitdale, 30 

Knob Creek, 150 8 90 05 

Limestone, 50 

Midway, 40 

Mountain Valley, . . . .100 
Meadow Branch, ... 33 

New Hope, 80 6 25 07 

Pleasant View, 120 

Pleasant Hill, 70 2 30 03 

Pleasant Valley 133 3 35 02 

Pleasant Mount, .... 30 

Piney Flats 35 

Walnut Grove, 40 

White Horn, 125 

Wayne Mission, 12 

White Shoals 8 

Wolf Creek, 22 



Total by churches, $ 36 63 

Other sources, .... 103 66 

Totals 1389 $140 29 $ 10 

First Virginia. Membership 4088. 
April '08-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Allegheny, 20 

Antioch, 175 $ 4 25 $ 02 

Beaver Creek, 100 

Bethlehem, 275 18 45 06 

Botetourt, 656 174 28 27 

Brick Church 200 

Burks Fork 76 

Charlestown, 8 

Chestnut Grove, .... 78 

Coal Knob 15 

Copper Hill 160 



Cowlson 75 

Crab Orchard, 45 

Elliotts Creek, 35 

Fraternity, 100 

Green Brier, 15 

Jeters Chapel, 40 

Germantown 200 $ 2 75 $ 01 

Johnsville 80 

Maple Grove, 34 

Monroe 44 

Mt. Hermon 43 

Mt. Jackson, 45 

Mt. Joy, 150 

New Creek, 26 

Oakvale 60 

Peters Creek, 175 35 96 25 

Pleasant Hill, 90 

Pleasant Valley, 125 

Red Oak Grove, 100 

Roanoke City, 255 17 00 07 

Saunders Grove 33 

Smith River, 133 

Smith's Chapel, 26 52 60 2 02 

Snow Creek, 35 

St. Paul 40 

Swan Creek, 24 

Topeco, 120 4 05 03 

Walker's Well, 35 

White Rock 86 

Antioch, Bedford Co., 56 

Total by churches, $309 34 

Other sources, 336 23 

Totals, 4088 $645 57 $ 15 

Second Virginia. Membership 6908. 

April '08-April '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Brocks Gap, 100 

Bridgewater, 349 

Beaver Creek, 300 $158 S5 $ 52 

Barren Ridge, 300 37 50 12 

Buena Vista, 85 

Cooks Creek 304 

Crummetts Run, ....160 

Elk Run, 100 5 00 05 

Fairfax, . 157 12 00 07 

Flat Rock 472 190 49 40 

Lower Lost River, ..141 

Linville Creek, 500 84 40 16 

Lebanon 110 10 16 09 

Madison, 42 

Manassas, 65 34 61 53 

Midland, 75 53 05 70 

Mine Run 34 

Mt. Carmel, 225 

Newport News, 5 

Smith's Creek 50 

Top of Allegheny,... 25 

Middle River, 220 46 50 21 

Mill Creek 500 145 15 29 

Mt. Vernon, 181 15 36 08 

Nokesville 200 

North Mill Creek, . . 60 

Page (Mt. Zion) 450 9 40 02 

Salem 56 

Sangerville, 504 65 02 12 

Staunton 75 

Upper Lost River, . . .195 

Valley 312 132 18 42 

Valley Bethel, 26 27 17 1 04 

Woodstock, 150 

Greenmount, 380 34 57 09 



Total by churches, $1061 41 

Other sources 672 33 

Totals, 6908 $1733 74 $0 25 

First West Virginia. Membership 1715. 

Sept. '08-Sept. *09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Alleghenv 100 

Beaver Run 150 $ 19 61 $ 13 

Bean Settlement 60 i 70 11 

Cheat River 40 

Greenland, 118 

German Settlement, 320 4S 20 15 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



127 



Harman, 70 $ 3 00 $ 04 

Knobley, 120 

Little Capon 48 

New Creek 35 

North Pork 40 

Pine Church 90 

Red Creek, . 99 

Seneca 45 

Sandy Creek, 250 

Tear Coat 100 

Maple Spring 20 

Mill Run, 10 

Total by churches, 
Other sources, .... 

Totals 1715 $373 52 $ 21 



6 22 
71 20 


17 

1 74 


22 73 
60 51 


50 

24 


21 70 
1 10 


1 08 
11 


$260 97 
112 55 



Second West Virginia. Membership 462. 

Oct. '08-Oct. '09. 

Amt. Per 

Memb. Given. Capita. 

Bethany 52 $ 75 $ 01 

Buckhannon, 27 

Goshen 25 1 00 04 

Joppa 50 

Mt. Zion 18 

Shiloh, 225 2 60 01 

Valley River 50 1 20 02 

Scherr, 15 

Total by churches, $ 5 55 

Other sources 12 94 

Totals 462 $ IS 49 $ 04 



TWO LETTERS 



Written by non-Christians in India to one of our missionaries there. 
Both men are full with different ideas, which will not be hard to see. 



" Dear Sir, 

" I have many times thought of you 
since these two weeks. And I thought 
of writing to you. And I thought of 
writing to you lest you would write and 
remember my poor self, as you so oft 
have done, before I remembered you. 

" I went to church last Sunday and 
saw your children there. These familiar 
faces rouse my sympathy, and thought of 
you ever since. And today I am so glad 
of getting the opportunity. Dear Brother, 
believe me I undergo that same feeling 
as you have so 'often exhibited to me. 
Our brotherhood, or say chitchat during 
your stay was mutual, and those days I 
too remember with great pleasure. Cir- 
cumstances prevent us now the frequent 
visits, but that does not lessen our re- 
gard, love, and esteem. One thing that 
has given me great pleasure and comfort 
that in our struggle in life our staunch 
belief towards the Almighty God is in- 
creasing. Believe me, dear brother, I 
am reading some excellent books, and it 
gives me the greatest pleasure, nay, ever- 
lasting love for God. Although I have 
till now only a dim glance of our beloved 
Lord. In reading these chapters, when 
we are captured in the greatness of our 



Lord the God, your soothing kindness, 
unbending staunchness and ever-pleas- 
ing kindness, or say, your ' innocence- 
self ' is ever in the fore-front saying 
some kind words, encouraging in the 
pursuance of the truth, sympathizing and 
uplifting in the righteousness. 

"These are the winter days, always 
very cheerful and bright. And it makes 
one who is weak in health look forward 
and forget his weakness. Oh, how beauti- 
ful is one's weakness. The sermon on 
Sunday was a good one. 'When I am weak 
then I am strong, but when I am strong 
I am weak.' This means God assists 
those who are humble. I am at the end 
of my letter. My best love and regard 
to all of you." 

" Dear Sir, 

" Some one foolishly laid your letter in 
the wrong place, and it has gone these 
three months without answer. And by 
the merest chance, I found it today. 
Acting on the wise adage, better late than 
never, I reply at once. 

" You want my answer to the question 
of questions, ' What shall I do to be 
saved ? ' Yes, I will do so at length and at 
leisure. But our standpoints are so dif- 



128 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



ferent. The Hindu's question will be, 
' What shall I do to attain perfection 
and get absorbed, i. e. incorporated into 
God ? ' The Christian idea that human- 
ity fell by sin, and therefore are all sin- 
ners is so repugnant to ordinary sense of 
justice and all-love. Will you hang a 




Caste Mail Drinking- from a Spout. 
Behind the bamboo screen a woman pours 
water into the spout. The man receives it 
in the palms of his hands. In this way no 
defilement can take place, provided the wom- 
an who draws the water is of the proper caste. 



son for his father's crime, or mother's 
crime? Will you hang the brother or 
wife or son of Lincoln's murderer? If 
that is unjust and cruel, how horrid it is, 
to believe that because Adam and Eve 
fell therefore all his children and chil- 
dren's children, the very pictures of in- 
nocence when born, should be con- 
demned at the start to eternal Hell ! Is 
such a child which dies, say before bap- 
tism, to incur this blood-curdling pun- 
ishment for eternity? It is almost Sa- 



tanic to accuse God of such folly and 
wickedness. Suppose your dog bit you, 
would you kill the pups, or throw them 
into the gutter to shift for themselves? 
It is habit, I am afraid, that makes so 
excellent and tender-hearted men and 
women as we see in Christianity agree to 
this notion. What language is thought 
unfitted if a Brahmin does not dine with 
a'Dherd, by Padres in India? But early 
associations and beliefs have equally, — 
and unfortunately for the unity and 
spiritual advancement of the human 
race, — prevents the most tender-hearted 
women and men amongst Christians to 
believe that God damned human beings 
as soon as the forbidden fruit was eaten, 
and condemned them to that awful eter- 
nal punishment worthy of the most crude 
cruel savage primitive man. Does Chris- 
tianity in its highest hope realize the in- 
finity of God's love to all creation and 
sentient beings? All attempts at mere 
conversion, whether to Christianity or 
Hinduism appear to my humble mind, no 
higher than the partizanship of two trad- 
ers. It is Godly acts, not professions, 
that God the all-love can like. You may 
make a mistake as to your great grand- 
father's photo and call a wrong photo a> 
one of your great father's. It may be 
Mahomed, it may be Christ, it may be 
Budha, who may be the Great Mystery. 
But will the least difference be made be- 
tween these men after death, if men act 
morally? My son sometimes kicks me 
and slaps me in his innocence. Can I get 
angry with him ? Oh no, I am more anx- 
ious that the sweet thing do not injure 
its hand than I am insulted. Kind deeds, 
moral deeds, are the way to perfection, 
not adherence to any church or creed. 
Energy is better spent in making men 
moral than in converting them to my re- 
ligious creed. 

" Yours sincerely." 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



12J) 



PRAYER-A PRACTICAL FORCE IN 
THE WORLD'S EVANGELIZATION 

E. H. Eby. 



"He that believeth on me, the works that 
I do shall he do also; and greater works 
shall he do; because I go unto the Father. 
And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, 
that will I do, that the Father may be glori- 
fied in the Son. If ye will ask anything in my 
name, I will do it." — Jesus. 

IT is evident that the Master is here 
speaking of no common sort of prayer 
— for one's own spiritual life and growth, 
no ordinary, spiritual exercise in worship. 
He is speaking of prayer which has a 
definite object, a specific purpose, is based 
on a single condition, and for a definite 
reason. It is the sort of prayer the 
Master meant should be supreme among 
the forces of the universe. It has no 
element of self and is therefore purely 
intercessory. Let us look at 

The Object 

of intercessory prayer : " The works that 
I do — greater works shall he do." In- 
tercessory prayer is wholly objective in 
its scope : the carrying out of the divine 
plan, the doing of the Father's works, 
the carrying to completion what Jesus 
only began. These greater works are 
not measured by the standard of miracles 
of healing, nor even in geographical 
extent, but in the deeper spiritual results. 

The Purpose 
of intercessory prayer is, " that the 
Father may be glorified in the Son." 
This was the animating purpose of 
Christ's life ; it is the supreme purpose 
of every true Christian. And to glorify 
God is to fulfill the sublimest purpose of 
existence ; and this, because of what God 
is in Himself. 

The Ground 
of intercessory prayer : " In my name." 
Not simply is this phrase to be appended 
to the prayer, but the prayer — the thing 
asked for — is to be in harmony with His 



nature and will. It is to be related lo 
(articulated with) the whole of the Di- 
vine plan. To ask in His name means to 
be living in His name. There must be 
harmony between God's plan and the 
thing asked for and also unity of life 
and spirit between God and the asker. 
Prayer is not the expression of pious 
desires : it is a definite transaction — ask- 
ing and receiving. Its effectiveness is 
conditioned upon its conformity to the 
purpose and object of God's activity. 
Hence there can be no real intercession 
without careful, thoughtful study of 
God's movements in the world, and a 
proper fitting in of one's petitions to the 
general plan of God's work. No ig- 
norant, blind, disjointed petitions can lay 
claim to the promise of an answer. Here- 
in lies the value jof the " live wire sys- 
tem," of mission work. 

The Condition 
of intercessory prayer : " He that believ- 
eth on me." Faith is the vital connection 
between the Master and the servant. It 
is the definite appropriation of the power 
of heaven for work on earth. Faith is 
counting on God. Faith takes hold of 
the invisible, but omnipotent. It sees 
certain victory on the other side of 
apparent defeat. 

The Reason 
for intercessory prayer : " Because I go 
unto the Father." Ye are my agents on 
the earth commissioned to carry on the 
work I have begun. Prayer is avenue of 
communication between the agent and 
the head office. Prayer is a check on the 
bank of heaven. Bearing the endorse- 
ment, " In Jesus' name," it draws on th« 
unlimited funds of Omnipotence. Jesus' 
departure only changed the nature of the 



130 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



disciples' work from a provincial to a 
world-movement. And wherever an 
agent is sent communications with the 
Master are established. Distance or 
climatic conditions do not affect the 
currents on the wire of Intercession. 

The Agencies 
in intercessory prayer : " Ye ask . . . 
I will do." Christ guarantees his contin- 
ual interest and cooperation in glorifying 
the Father. He had done this while on 
earth ; He proposes to do His part while 
in heaven. Intercession has two parts, 
equal in importance: asking and doing. 
The disciple is expected to ask; Jesus 
promises to do. 

" If ye will ask anything ... in 
my name ... I will do it." Be- 
tween the askingof the disciple and Jesus' 
doing is ever the " in my name " — 
the seal of genuine intercession. " Ye 
. . . I." Prayer is cooperation with 
Jesus to accomplish the greater works — 
the great world-campaign to which Jesus 
looked forward with such eager interest 
and hope. 

Whatever importance we attach to 
money, organizations, institutions — it is 
clear that in Jesus' mind prayer is the 
means by which the " greater works " 
shall be done. All other agencies, useful 
as they are when combined with and per- 
meated by this one, are heartless, power- 
less shams without it. To be called to 
the ministry of intercession is to be called 
into the very heart of the forces which 
are at work for the evangelization of the 
world. To be an intercessor is to be a 
mighty factor in this world enterprise. 
What to Pray For. 

" Pray, thy kingdom come." Prayer 
will supply needed workers. " Pray ye 
the Lord of the harvest that he send forth 
laborers into his harvest." The com- 
mand to pray is itself a promise of an 



answer. And what need there is for this 
prayer just now! Fields are waiting to 
be harvested, but no one is offering to 
enter ! Where is the compassion of the 
Master which looked out upon a world of 
sin and sorrow and beheld men as sheep 
without a shepherd? Only a heart full 
of the Master's compassion can pray this 
prayer. And only he can pray who is 
ready to respond to the " Go ye " which 
is linked to it. 

Pray for the worker on the field. You 
cannot tell when the moment of crisis or 
discouragement will come into the mis- 
sionary's life, but if you are daily sending 
up a volume of prayer for him or her 
strength and courage will be given at the 
right moment. Pray that the missionary's 
faith nor patience fail not. And that h? 
may be long-suffering and kind, evei 
representing the Spirit of Christ to those 
who cannot read the four Gospels b'ti 
who are ever reading the open fifth gos 
pel — the missionary's life. Pray for 
the native church, which is still sur- 
rounded on every hand by a denne 
heathen atmosphere. Pray that the na 
tive preachers and teachers may be 
worthy leaders of their people ; that they 
may be filled with the Spirit of Jesus. 
But you will need to depend on the Holy 
Spirit to teach you how to pray and what. 
Try to know the needs on the field and 
make these the special objects of your 
prayer. 

" The evangelization of the world de- 
pends first upon a revival of prayer deep- 
er than the need for men — aye, deep 
down at the bottom of our spiritless 
lives is the need for the forgotten se- 
cret of prevailing, world-wide prayer." 
" Brethren, pray for us." " Pray without 
ceasing." " Pray, thy kingdom come." 
" If we ask anything according to his 
will, he heareth us." 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



131 



A BIT OF CHINESE CUSTOM 

F. H. Crumpacker 



HE Chinese official 
is a peculiar sort of a 
being that does not 
care to be passed by 
unnoticed. Each dis- 
trict (county) is pre- 
sided over by one of 
these fellows that in 
reality there is not 
much to but the name. 
My meaning is that 
he has not much final authority. All 
things of importance are taken from him 
to a higher official. Still these fellows 




the presence of the visitors in his part of 
the country he will either make a call in 
person or send a couple of soldier guards 
who really are responsible for the for- 
eigner's goods as well as for the foreigner 
himself. It is the highest kind of respect 
for this official to make a call in person. 
Then it is next highest to send an escort 
of guards. And it is considered dis- 
respectful if he pays no attention to the 
presence of the visitors in his city. On 
our last trip of investigation we observed 
these rules rather closely, and at every 
instance we were given escorts who were 




A Chinese Doctor and His Wares. 



are here at these local places to see after 
things in general. 

Any traveler of any distinction when 
passing thru the place will send around 
his card to let the official know that he is 
in his territory. This is especially ex- 
pected of the foreigner, or if he does not 
the official feels a kind of sting, in that 
he was not thot enough of to be noticed 
with a card. In return, the official will 
send his cards, and if he is pleased with 



rather careful of our things. This is a 
sign that the officials in the parts visited 
are quite friendly to foreigners. 

This is the thing that is on the surface, 
at least. However, one can't always tell 
what is back of all of this, yet we are to 
go ahead with this show of friendliness 
and do our part. This bit of formality 
sometimes requires a good bit of time, 
yet it is a means to safety. If one passes 
in his card, and later something is stolen 



132 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



or he is in some way wronged, he is on 
the good side of the official who is to help 
him out. If, however, we do not pass in 
our cards, and then something goes 
wrong, the official has a chance to re- 
taliate and he is likely to say that since 
you did not regard him he will not regard 
you and your wants. 

Chinese custom, which is almost past 



finding out in the full, is worthy of our 
observance in detail if we would get the 
best treatment from .the official class. 
This custom is hard for us to adopt, and 
yet we can easily see that it pays to con- 
form. So far we find that nowhere are 
we expected to violate a principle of 
right in making use of Chinese " kwae 
chti " (custom). 

Tai Yuan Fu, Shansi, China. 



THE GIANT IS AWAKING 

Emma Horning 




ELL, really, after his 
dream of many thou- 
sand years he is now 
shaking his monstrous 
form and rubbing his 
sleepy eyes to see if 
the things are really 
so that have been 
whispered in his un- 
willing ear. He 
thought himself the 
only giant in the universe, and considered 
that he had all the wisdom, knowledge 
and culture worth possessing. But it 
has been whispered to him that there are 
several other giants more powerful than 
himself near by, just awaiting a good 
opportunity to entrap him, and he is be- 
ginning to believe it is true. 

Yes, China has been working out her 
own problems in silence for unnumbered 
millenniums and has controlled a won- 
derful nation in an unprecedented man- 
ner. She was very much pleased with 
herself until she came in contact with the 
foreign powers and realized that she 
must change her tactics if she would 
preserve her nation. These great re- 
forms that are just taking place here are 
not enacted because they love foreign 



ways, by any means, for they think the 
" Middle Kingdom," as they call China, 
is the center of culture and refinement. 
They are wise enough to see that if 
they must cope with Western nations 
they must have the same viewpoint. 
Hence this great cry for all kinds of 
Western education, especially military 
training. They naturally are a very 
mild, peace-loving people, but when 
forced to take a Western viewpoint they, 
too, must prepare for war, and they are 
doing it. In a few years China will have 
an army that will surprise the world, 
backed by 400,000,000 people, one-third 
of the world's entire population. With 
her vast amount of natural wealth her 
power will be .almost unlimited. Power 
is a good thing in the right hands, but 
is this giant prepared to use this power? 
All her ruling and educated men are 
acknowledged to have no religion. They 
honor Confucius, but recognize him on- 
ly as a man and his teaching as their 
great moral code. Many of his morals 
are good, but how little are they ob- 
served ! How seldom can a moral prin- 
ciple be carried out without the inspira- 
tion of God to enforce it. All the hea- 
then religions they despise, leaving such 
superstitions to the common people, who 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



133 



are rapidly following - in their steps, — 
throwing away their idols and turning 
their temples into schools. Yes, educa- 
tion is good and a sharp tool, but it cuts 
both ways. She will allow no religion of 
any kind taught in her schools now. 
China will soon be without a religion, 
and beyond our control to help her. 

Now is the time, now is the day of 
their salvation ! They are only hostile 
to foreign invasion, not to foreign re- 
ligions. They have ever through their 
history invited foreign religions to their 
nation, seeking for the best that can be 
found. And have we not that best! 
God's Truth direct from heaven delivered 
in person by His own Son. Many of 
these people have already recognized this 
Truth and are rejoicing in their new 
found hope with unspeakable joy. But 
oh, what a drop in this ocean of human- 
ity ! Alas for the millions who have 
never heard a sermon, much less been 
taught the gospel truths ! 

Why should we spare men and money 
when the hope of a mighty nation is at 
stake? Why should we play at this 
mighty business ? If our churches could 
but realize the great opportunity of the 
present moment they would flood the 



nation with their best men, women, and 
money for the next few years. She 
then would soon be able to take care of 
herself and China missions would be at 
an end. 

Oh, let us teach her while we may that 
true strength lieth not in might, but in 
the calm, resistless right that " happy is 
that people whose God is the Lord," that 
all their education will be of no perma- 
nent or satisfying value without the Spir- 
it of the Almighty. 

We can't spare the money ? Ah ! if we 
in America lived one-tenth as simple as 
they do we would have many thousands 
with which to give them the Gospel. If 
the farmers here had farms like our 
farmers, they would think themselves 
immensely wealthy. Could you not give 
twice as much and never feel it? And 
if you denied yourself a little and gave 
until you felt it, wouldn't you be much 
happier? Just try it. There is no sat- 
isfaction like that which comes from help- 
ing others. 

Let us make this great nation a mighty 
power for good in the world. Let us 
take a fourth of the world's population 
for the Lord and give Him a " kingdom 
in a day." 

Tax Yuan Fu, Shan Si, China. 



PRAY YE 

Ida M. Helm 



HE harvest truly is 
great, but the laborers 
are few : pray y e 
therefore the Lord of 
the harvest, that he 
send forth laborers in- 
to his harvest." Luke 
10: 2. 

The year of our 
Lord 1910 is with us. 
It is nineteen hundred 
and ten years since Jesus came into this 
world to be a Savior to the human race. 




Almost nineteen hundred years ago He 
said, " Pray ye therefore the Lord of 
the harvest, that he send forth laborers 
into his harvest." The great world- 
field is ripe for the harvest and the 
laborers are few. Let me give one quo- 
tation from " Do Not Say " to give you 
something of an idea of the lost world 
that you and I have been commissioned 
bv the Master to help convert to Christ. 
"'China's Teeming Millions!" "Yes, 
over there three hundred millions ! 
Would you like to see them pass, thirty 



134 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



every minute? Then, you must stand 
there, never tiring, never sleeping, closely 
watching night and day, week after week, 
month after month, for more than twenty 
years ! And then you will have seen the 
people m that one country only. The 
teeming millions of other heathen lands 
will have yet to follow !" How can one 
of us think of going into our grave after 
having spent our whole life enjoying the 
light and blessings of the Bible, if we 
have not done everything in our power 
to carry the Gospel to the lost millions ? 

Christ repeats the words " Pray ye " 
to us the same as He did to the disciples 
when He was here on earth. When we 
pray to the Lord of the harvest we must 
do everything in our power to help ful- 
fill our prayers, we must be willing to 
help send and sustain other laborers or 
we must be willing to go ourselves. Our 
prayers are mere shams if we do not 
work for their fulfillment. 

In Christ's " Go ye," each one of us 
is responsible to do his part in the eman- 
cipation from the galling fetters of sin 
that are holding our fellow beings in 
slavery and death. On the awful Judg- 
ment Day excuses will not avail if we 
fail to do our part to help convert the 
world to Christ. The work is not left 
alone to the ten-talented men, to the 
strong, the eloquent, the rich and the 
educated; but the poor, the weak, the 
uneducated, the one-talented people have 



a work to do. All can give of their sub- 
stance if it be but a penny. All can be 
mighty in prayer. " Pray ye." — Jesus. 
All can tell to the unconcerned, " Christ 
died to save you from the agonies of a 
second death." 

Rev. Josiah Strong tells how Sarah 
Hosmer, of Lowell, a poor woman, sup- 
ported a student in the Nestorian Semi- 
nary who became a preacher for Christ. 
Five times she gave fifty dollars, earning 
the money in a factory, and sent five 
native pastors to Christian work. When 
more than sixty years old she longed to 
furnish Nestoria with one more mission- 
ary, and living in an attic, she took in 
sewing until she had accomplished her 
cherished purpose. What a consecrated 
missionary for the cross she was ! 

" Coke crossed the Atlantic eighteen 
times, preached, wrote, traveled, estab- 
lished missions and begged from door to 
door for them, and labored in all respects 
as if, like the apostles, he would turn 
the world upside down." Jesus does not 
send us to the work alone, He says, " I 
am with you." He shares the burdens 
with us and He gives us strength for 
every conflict and trial. He is always so 
near us that the faintest whisper reaches 
Him instantly. " Pray ye." 

" Lord, where'er Thou goest I will go, 

Though up the mountain steep; 

A faithful Guide Thou art, I know, 

So close to Thee I'll keep." 
Ashland, Ohio. 



HELPS FOR THE STUDENT 
VOLUNTEER 



R. W. Detter 



The fact that many of our young peo- 
ple who are preparing for Foreign Mis- 
sion work are compelled to work their 
way through school often produces con- 
ditions that are to be lamented. They are 



often rendered physically incompetent 
for their life work by the strain thus 
brought upon them, or else are compelled 
to remain out of school a part of the time. 
It is evident that either of these results is 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



135 



an injustice. No person has a right to 
injure his health in securing an educa- 
tion, and it certainly seems wrong that 
any young person wishing to devote his 
life to mission work should be hindered 
in the period of preparation because of 
financial conditions. 

It was upon the suggestion of one of 
the missionaries from our school that the 
Student Volunteer Band of McPherson 
College started what is known as the 
" Volunteer Educational Fund." This 
fund is maintained by free-will offerings, 
by pledges, donations and any other 
means that the band may deem expedi- 
ent. 

The distribution of this fund has been 
placed in the hands of a committee of 
three, chosen by the Volunteer Band. It 
will be the duty of this committee to con- 
sider applications that. come before them 
and to decide who shall receive aid. The 
present committee consists of the follow- 
ing Brethren : Edward Frantz, F. A. 
Vaniman, and S. B. Fahnestock. 

The following suggestions have been 
made by the band to aid the committee 
in the distribution of this fund : 

1. The applicant should be a Student 
Volunteer and a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

2. He shall show a vital interest in 
Christian work and be able to teach a 
Sunday-school class and lead a Christian 
Workers' meeting. 



3. He shall be able to pass the neces- 
sary physical examinations. 

4. He shall be one who must work his 
way through school, receiving little or no 
financial suport from friends or relatives. 

5. He shall have completed the equiva- 
lent of two years' academic work and 
shall be able to complete the equivalent 
of a normal course by the time he is 
twenty-six years of age, or the equivalent 
of the collegiate by the time he is twenty- 
nine. 

6. No married person whose compan- 
ion is unwilling to cooperate in Foreign 
Mission work shall receive aid from this 
fund. 

7. In case the recipient of this fund 
shall not enter into active mission service 
he shall refund the money used, unless 
he is hindered by actual physical inability 
or other causes which make it impossible 
for him to execute his avowed purpose. 

The good accomplished by this fund 
depends on two things, ( 1 ) the applicant 
and (2) the amount of the fund. Does 
this work appeal to you as being worthy 
of your support ? If it does, your yearly 
pledge or a contribution in any form may 
be sent to the treasurer of the Volunteer 
Band, McPherson College, McPherson, 
Kans. We should also be glad to receive 
the names of any young people whom 
you would consider worthy of aid from 
this source. 



Let prayer be the key of the morning and the bolt of the evening. 
— Matthew Henry. 




136 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



THE BIBLE AND MISSIONS 



Rev. J. H. Hanstine, County Bible Agent of the American Bible Society, 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

We hope that this article 'will aid in awakening within our people a keener 
appreciation of the good old Book, and also awaken us to our opportu- 
nity and responsibility in dealing with the mountain folk of our own country. 




HILE Rev. D. J. 
Lichty was here, dur- 
ing the winter, we 
held our annual union 
meeting for the Amer- 
ican Bible Society, at 
which he gave a very 
interesting account of 
how one Bible got in- 
to a village in India 
and resulted in a 
church of one hundred members with 
little effort on the part of the mission- 
aries who finally came. 

A Presbyterian missionary in Syria 
said, " Without the Bible all mission 
work would cease." Counting Bibles, 
Testaments and portions, copies of Scrip- 
ture are being issued by all of the world's 
presses at the rate of 5,500 for every 
working hour in the year. Now how long 
will it take to supply the world at that 
rate? Let us see! Do you know how 
many people there are in the world? 
You do not. You may be able to state 
the, number in figures, but no human 
mind comprehends their magnitude. 
Consider these two statements coming 
from the British and Foreign Bible Soci- 
ety — the oldest and most powerful Bible 
society in the world : 

1. "If we had here today all of the 
Bibles, Testaments and portions that ever 
were made, there would be enough to 
give one copy to each man. woman and 
child in the Chinese Empire : the re- 
mainder of the world would have none." 

2. " Remember that books, like other 
things, wear out, or get lost or destroyed ; 
and if we could suppose the world al- 
ready supplied, the present annual out- 



put of Scriptures would not be sufficient 
to keep up that supply." 

Then, we ask again, how long will it 
take to supply the world at the rate of 
5,500 copies per hour? 

It is estimated that there are vet one 
billion (1. 000.000.000) heathen "in for- 
eign lands. To supply them at the above 
rate will require fifty-eight vears. Mean- 
while, two billions " (2,000.000.000) will 
die. according to the rate of mortal ity 
in heathen lands, with a constant in- 
crease of population. 

With this fact in view, let us ask an- 
other question : If Christ knew what He 
was talking about when He said, " The 
seed is the AYord of God " (Bibles), how 
long will it take the missionaries, at the 
rate we are sending them out, to harvest 
the entire world? Remember He said, 
" all the world." How many corners can 
we leave out and still fulfill that com- 
mand ? I sometimes wonder if that com- 
mand is as binding as the one about bap- 
tism. They were both given in one 
breath ! A great many act as if they 
thought Christ was only joking when He 
said : " Preach the Gospel to every 
creature/'' 

Home Missions. 

In this wide world there is work for 
every man's taste ; e xcept this : the "id- 
ler's corner " in the vineyard has not 
yet been found. Either Christ forgot to 
make it. or else He never intended that 
there should be one. Are you thinking 
about saving the fare of the missionary 
across the ocean, an d the time and ex- 
pense of learning a new language? 
(Concluded on Page 144.) 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



137 




The Little Missionary 

^f^ 




chine run. 
letter more 



Dear Boys and Girls': 

ILENTLY this morning 
I tried to find a quiet 
place to write you a letter, 
but while I was gathering 
my material together, five 
little black tots saw the 
\ wonderful typewriter go 
onto the table, so they got 
chairs and immediate- 
ly established themselves 
at the'table to see this ma- 
Perhaps they will make the 
interesting. Our summer 
vacation is nearly at the close, but I 
have had a good one in visiting some 
of the other mission stations. I bought 
a little pony, and one windy afternoon 
he and I started out for our long trip. 
We went but twelve miles that day, 
just enough , to get accustomed to the 
road and the saddle. That is a long trip, 
for the roads are so hilly and the streams 
are to be forded. That is always an anx- 
ious time for me, for when I was a little 
girl and my father was a frontier 
preacher in northern Minnesota, we 
had many rivers to ford. I used to 
scream and beg to be left on the bank. I 
never quite got over my fright. Besides, 
the week before I bought this pony, he 
had lain down while crossing a stream, 
but missionaries have to be brave, so I 
went on and so did the pony, all right. 

In the physiology it says, " Horseback 
riding is good exercise," and I found it 
true, for there was not a muscle in my 
body but that was able to show me its 
exact location by feeling. Every time I 
moved in the night these muscles com- 



plained so much that it wakened me and 
I had serious thoughts of going back. 
But that is not the route of a soldier. So 
at 5 A. M. with a few groans I mounted 
my horse again, this time to spend all 
day in the saddle. Such hills! Some- 
times one would seem as if they would 
go over the horse's head, and then again 
slide off his back at the rear. Among 
these hills are many heathen huts. The 
children would come out to see us pass. 
They were naked except a bead belt, and 
make you think of the story of when they 
were made they were baked too brown. 
They are bright little things and need 
schools and the Gospel. I passed one little 
boy herding cattle. He was making some- 




thing in clay. With a laughing face he held 
it up and said, " See my horse ! " Sure 
enough, it was a very good one. I asked 
him for it, which request he seemed 
proud to grant. Turning around I 
shouted, " What's its name ? " As quick 
as a wink he answered, " Georgia." 



138 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



Where he picked up that bit of English 
I did not have time to inquire. 

Before Sunday I was well rested and 
enjoyed the services. Looking over the 
hills only two huts could be seen, but they 
came from every direction from back of 
the hills, below the hills and around the 
hills, some four and five miles. First 
their little Zulu Sunday school, which 
was very interesting. They study the In- 
ternational Lessons and for the first time 
had the pretty big picture rolls like we 
have at home. They expect to pay for it 
themselves, too. After Sunday school 
was out they brought their collection ; no 
money, but products from the garden. 
Many of them had a little calico bag hold- 
ing about two cups, which they brought 
and poured out their shelled corn or 
beans. They came forward with such 
eager steps that it made one feel they 
gave heartily unto the Lord. 

During the week I conducted a chil- 
dren's meeting. There was a good at- 
tendance and we had a good time to- 
gether. There were at least a dozen 
prayers offered among them and nearly 
all testified. Dear little dark faces ! 
How wonderful it is that we have a Gos- 
pel that will reach every creature and sat- 
isfy every human heart. The children 
here as well as at home are the hope of 
the church. 

Ten miles away, off among the hills, a 
single lady missionary has set up her 
tent and begun meetings and school 
among the heathen there. Fifteen or 
twenty of them walked over to the main 
station on Sunday and it thrilled our 
hearts as they testified to the saving pow- 
er of God. They had put away their beer 
and snuff and other heathen customs. 
There were a good number of children 
and they were plainly and neatly dressed. 
One little boy of about eight said that the 
Lord helped him not to tell lies any 
more; that he had stolen his mother's 
food, but now he did not want to do those 
things any more. A large number of 



heathen were in the meeting. Two girls 
got up and said that today they chose the 
Lord. That made the old women re- 
joice, and five of them were on their feet 
at once saying, " Praise the Lord." These 
old women have done much visiting and 
praying with their heathen neighbors, 
and that made them so happy to see that 
their prayers were being answered. One 
man was very happy, for he had given 
his birthright to his brother. Now you 




will wonder what I mean. His father is 
dead and he, being the eldest, has the 
right to receive the cattle for his sisters 
at their marriage. We teach them that 
it is wrong to sell their women as they 
do. He had received the cattle for one 
sister and had to leave the church. His 
heart has been very heavy over it all, so 
now he was going to leave the whole 
bad business and come back to God. 
There is nothing that these Zulu men 
care for more than great herds of cattle, 
so the temptation is very strong for them 
to get them according to the heathen cus- 
tom. The English government is trying 
to do away with the custom, slowly. 
They will not allow them to call for more 
than ten cattle. The Lord is dealing still 
more strongly with them, for there is 
now a disease that is taking the cattle 
away rapidly. There has been no cure 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



139 



yet found to save them. It makes us 
think of the plagues of Egypt. 

A ride of fifteen miles brought me to 
another Mission Station, which for its 
height seemed among the clouds. It 
seemed as though one ought to be very 
good up there so near the heavens. I got 
so frightened going up and down on 
horseback those very steep hills that I 
could scarcely sleep that night. How 
good the Lord is to care for His little 
ones ! The doctor of the Mission lives 
here and some very serious cases he has 
to attend to. One little baby had fallen 
into the fire and was brought dreadfully 
burned. It was so frightened at the 
white people, but when it felt the cooling 
medicine it stopped crying. They tell 
their children that if they are not good 
they will give them to the white people, so 
they are as frightened as we used to be at 
the story of the black man. It seemed as 
though I could not go over those hills 
again, but an urgent call came and I con- 
sented. On our return a great thunder- 
storm came up. It thundered and lightened 
fast and sharp, and how the rain did come 
down ! As if to strike us harder, it kept in- 
creasing. We were riding two horses and 
leading one. Often they would refuse to 
go on and want to turn their backs to the 
storm. The paths were swift-running 
torrents. The trees afforded no shelter 
as it came with such force, so we simply 
plodded on. The rim of my helmet was 
a fine eavestrough, and I thought of the 
times I had seen here in Africa when I 
should like to have had a dish to catch 
the water. As it was it was pouring into 



my lap and saddle and running into my 
shoes. When we finally reached home 
and I stepped onto the ground the water 
oozed out of the eyelets of my shoes, so 
sometimes one needs rubbers even on 
horseback. However, I lifted up a pray- 
er of thanksgiving for my life and am 
glad that I can work a while longer on 
this needy field. 

The trip home was easier on the mus- 
cles but more frightful. Over native 
paths, around the narrow ledge of high 
hills where a misstep would be a serious 
thing, across the saddles of great hills, 
making you think of the rhyme . of 
childhood, " See-saw, up and down, I can 
see all over town " ; some places, so steep 
and rocky that we had to dismount and 
let the horses choose their own footing. 
After half a day of such perilous heights 
I was glad to see the home of a Chris- 
tian white person and get an invitation 
to take a long rest. The dizziness re- 
minded me of the sea experiences. Well, 
this is but a picture of the pilgrim's jour- 
ney through life. If it were all smooth 
we would have nothing to be thankful 
for. Some day it will all be ended and 
when we see some of the bright faces 
that we have helped to Jesus, we shall 
only rejoice in our tribulations. Dear 
boys and girls, are you remembering 
daily these little black-skinned friends of 
yours, in your prayers and self-denials? 
Lovingly yours, 

Nellie A. Reed, 
Children's Missionary in Africa. 

Fair View, M S. Umsumbi Rail, 
Natal, S. Africa, Feb. 4, ipio. 




140 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



For Our Ministers 



OUR PART IN THE SALVATION OF 
THE WORLD. 

By D. L. Mohler. 
Matt. 28: 18-20. Rom 10. 
I. The command is: 

1. "Go ye." 

(a) The Messenger. Mark 16: 15, 
16. 

(b) The hearer. Rom. 10: 13-15. 

(c) The seed. Eccles. 11:6. 

(d) The increase. 1 Cor. 3:7. 

The world needs salvation. 1 John 5 : 
19, 20. 

The church is the saving power in the 
world. Matt 5 : 13-16. 

2. "Pray ye." Matt. 9:38; Luke 
10:2; John 4:35. 

Are we in earnest when we pray ? 
Are we willing to help answer the 
prayer? 



The harvest is read v. 
3. "Give ye." 

(a) Svstematicallv. 1 Cor. 16:2. 

(b) Bountifully. 2 Cor. 9. 6. 

(c) Cheerfully. 2 Cor. 9:7. 
Illustration. Sowing wheat one-fourth 

or one-half or whole measure. The har- 
vest depends largely on amount sown. 

II. The earlv disciples forsook all to 
go. Will we? "Luke 5": 11. 

1. Nothing should be dearer to us than 
the salvation of ourselves and others. 

2. What would we be willing to do or 
give to save the physical life of those 
around us ? Illustration. Great calamities, 
famine, etc. 

3. What hinders me from going or 
helping? Dan. 12:3. 

III. The needed help is promised. 
Matt. 28:20: Tohn 14:16: 4: 35-37. 



From the Firing Line 



A LITTLE CHILD SHALL LEAD 
THEM. 

It was some years ago in West Ten- 
nessee, at the close of an evening service 
in a series of meetings when the invitation 
was given, that a little girl was seen to 
be weeping bitterly. Upon inquiry she 
was found to be the little girl who for 
some time had been living in the home of 
a Godly brother and sister to whom she 
had expressed a desire to unite with the 
church. Having been told to speak to 
her mama and papa about it. she had 
done so only to be discouraged and re- 
fused liberty to do so. For a time she 
had dropped the matter but becoming 
more seriously impressed she had re- 
newed her request only to be again re- 
fused. 

Learning these facts the father who 



was present at the meeting was kindly 
spoken to about the matter. He seemed 
arbitrary and unyielding. He was told 
that he was assuming very grave re- 
sponsibilities in refusing the child's re- 
quest. He replied, " There are some 
things about this that you don't know,"'' 
and requested me to call at his house 
next day and talk the matter over. 

This request was complied with and 
the good sister with whom the little girl 
had been staying accompanied me. 

After a long conference with the moth- 
er, apparently the more obstinate of the 
two, finally the father gave consent and 
the mother replied that if Rosa joined the 
church she would do it against her will, 
and so we left them. 

That night when the invitation was 
given Rosa came forward. Next day 



April 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



141 



her mother called at a good sister's for a 
change of clothing for Rosa to be bap- 
tized. This was Thursday and Saturday 
afternoon was set as the time. Friday 
night I spent with the family. Saturday 
morning the mother said, " You may 
have two to baptize this evening." " All 
right praise the Lord for that," I replied. 
At the appointed time when service was 
held at the water an invitation was given 
and the mother followed by the father 
came forward and following the little 
girl was buried with Christ in baptism. 
Five days later after the meeting had 
closed on Sunday night a brother of 
some sixteen who obstinately opposed his 
little sister was so deeply inpressed that 
he went to the local minister on Thurs- 
day and demanded baptism at once. His 
wants were attended to and a happier 
and more devoted family it has never 
been my privilege to associate with. 
Many happy 'hours were spent in that 
home including a very spiritual love 
feast which will ever be indelibly en- 
graved on memory's pages. 

Truly a little child shall lead them. 

B. E. K. 

WHILE HIS HAND LEADS. 
" If I know my own heart there is noth- 
ing in my life that I would willingly hold 
back from my Lord and King. And fur- 
ther, I sincerely believe if He has other 
work for me than that I now do, He is 
able in His own good time to bring me 
and that work together." These were 
the closing words of an address given by 
a sister before the Christian Workers' 
meeting in our little mission room, and in 
the silence that followed, a stifled sob 
was plainly heard, while tears were has- 
tily brushed from more than one cheek 
in the audience there. 

Some months later the scene had 
changed. Looking through the door of 
a hospital operating room we behold this 
same sister lying on a stretcher, a physi- 
cian standing- on one side, a uniformed 



nurse on the other. While the doctor's 
fingers rest lightly on the patient's pulse, 
he looks down into the quiet eyes and 
asks, "Are you afraid ? " and the reply 
■ comes steadily, " No, I am not afraid." 
Then the surgeon enters with his assist- 
ants, a towel is laid over the eyes, and the 
sick woman, serenely as a little child 
goes to its sleep, enters the dark and 
shadowy valley. 

By and by, when life has asserted itself 
again, the patient is put to bed in a room 
with another sufferer, a woman several 
years her senior," and here the Father's 
purpose begins to reveal itself, — for in 
this white cot next to her own, lies a 
soul unsaved. Here, through the weary 
days and nights that follow, the quiet 
talks, the Scripture readings, even the 
trustful, confiding hymns, sometimes 
sung in a low, even voice, all did the 
work of an evangelist, and so it came 
about that one more soul was added to 
the ranks of the kingdom. 

Likewise a physician, grown hard and 
skeptical over the apparent insincere lives 
of the professed Christians around him, 
himself almost ready to deny his moth- 
er's Bible, but here at last hope springs 
up anew, faith is restored through a liv- 
ing reality of the saving religion of our 
Lord, and he, too, is led, out of a troubled 
heart, to seek the blessed Jesus. 

And now, what do we read in this but 
a work recognized by the Father and 
most surely of His appointing? Few 
of us would be able to recognize in such 
a shift of providence an opportunity for 
larger service to the King, and yet all 
through the checkered years that have 
followed His leading has been so clearly 
manifest, and always and continually 
does this believing one find herself led to 
those in direst need of salvation, that her 
bodily affliction has come at last to seem 
a thing to be glorified in, — for if through 
suffering she may render a larger service 
to the Most High, then most gladly and 
joyfully will she follow in the path He 
points out. 

Virginia. a. 



142 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



Financial Report 



FORM OF LEGACY— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board,' taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thi General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR FEBRUARY, 1910. 

Apr.-Feb. Inc. 

1910 
$24,256 49 $17,272 33 
4,054 18 917 53 





Feb. Feb. 


Apr.-Feb. 




1909 1910 


1909 


World-Wide, . 


. ...$ 774 88 $ 962 27 


$ 9,984 16 


India, 


. . . . 216 01 354 19 


3,153 49 



Dec 



Miscellaneous, 



Bicentennial, 



16 50 



103 00 



546 53 



857 69 



313 16 



$ 293 01 



$1,009 76 $1,419 46 $13,958 35 $29,168 36 $15,503 02 

31,180 23 $31,180 23 



$1,009 76 $1,419 46 $45,138 58 $29,168 36 



$15,970 22 



CORRECTIONS. 

Through our mistake the $3.50 credited to 
J. G. Wolfe, Southern Illinois, in the March 
Visitor, should have been credited to Okaw 
Congregation, Southern Illinois. 

The $10.00 in the February Visitor, in India 
Orphanage receipts that was credited to Butte 
City Sunday school, California, should be 
credited to Sacramento Valley Sunday school. 

During the month of February the General 
Mission Board sent out 104,773 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
the receipt of the following donations for the 
month of February, 1910: 

WORLD-WIDE. 
Ohio — $206.50. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

D. B. Hoff, $ 200 00 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

E. R. Cramer, $1; John Hane, 50 

cents 1 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Emanuel Henry, $3.50; Emanuel 

Shank, $1.50 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $131.74. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Elizabethtown College Congrega- 
tion, $45; Big Swatara, $38; Little 
Swatara, $20; Elizabethtown, $19.33, 122 33 
Individuals. 

Chas. A. Bame, 75 cents; R. D. 

Greybill, 50 cents 125 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Sara Replogle, $2; John S. 

Hershberger, $1 3 00 

Western District, Sunday School. 

Cross Road, 4 66 



Individuals. 

W. M. Howe (marriage notice), ..$ 50 

Virginia — $123.98. 
First District, Congregation. 

Botetourt, 53 75 

Sunday School. 

Botetourt 26 08 

Individuals. 

J. W. Layman, $4; G. A. Moomaw, 

$3; Mrs. F. D. Kennett, $1, 8 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Locust Grove, Valley Congregation, 
$4.17; Antioch Congregation and Sun- 
day school, $7.63 11 80 

Sunday School. 

Mamie K. Myers' S. S. Class, Lin- 

ville Creek Sunday school, 8 50 

Aid Society. 

Linville Creek, 10 00 

Individuals. 

W. F. Walter, $1; M. G. Rieley, $1; 
B. F. Miller, $1; Samuel Scrogham, 
$1; Wm. K. Conner (marriage notice), 
$1; D. S. Thomas, 60 cents; M. D. 

Hess, 25 cents 5 85 

Illinois — $90.97. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rock River, $26.90; Pine Creek, 

$16.54 43 44 

Sunday School. 

Waddams Grove 6 00 

Children's Mission. 

Waddams Grove Sunday School, . . 3 00 

Individuals. 

Mary C. Fisher, $10; Wm. R. Brat- 
ton, $5; Mary Clemmer, $1, 16 00 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Astoria, 13 91 

Individuals. 

M. Lingenfelter, $5; Dan. Mohler, 



April 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



143 



41 


85 


27 


50 


13 


98 




50 


4 


45 



$1.12; J. Z. Bechtold, $1; I. J. Bru- 
baker, $1; Geo. W. Miller (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, $ 8 62 

Iowa— $89.28. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Samuel Fike, $12; D. A. Miller, $8; 
N. W. Miller, $6; L. M. Eby, $5; "A 
Sister," $3; Conrad Messer, $2.50; 
Louisa Messer, $2.50; M. Schmucker, 

$1.85; Hannah C. Messer, $1, 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Panther Creek, 

Sunday Schools. 

Panther Creek, $8.50; Marshalltown, 

$5.48, 

Individual. 

H. L. Royer (marriage notice), . . . 
Southern District, Congregation. 

North English 

Individuals. 

Peter Brower (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Abraham Wolf (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 1 00 

Maryland— ^53.74. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek, $37.50; Woodbury, $3.54, 41 04 

Individual. 

John D. Roop, 3 00 

Western District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Elias Merrill, $3.70; P. H. 
Yost, $3.50; H. S. Coleman, $2.50, .. 9 70 

Indiana — $53.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

David Whitmer, $10; Dwight L. 
Voorhees, $5; "Mrs. E. H. H." 50 
cents; David M. Hart (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents 16 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Emanuel Leckrone 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Samuel D. Stoner, $25; "A broth- 
er," $10 35 00 

California — $43.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

" A brother," ■ 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pomona, 

Individuals. 

M. O. Myers, $7.50; Edmund 
Forney, $3; W. C. Hanawalt (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, 

Oregon — $30.00. 
Individuals. 

S. B. Overholser, $20; L. Lett, $10, 
North Dakota — $29.00. 
Congregation. 

North Prairie Mission, Surrey, .... 
Individuals. 

John I. Clark, $12.50; "X. X." 
$8.50; Mrs. Anna Gault, $1; Emaline 

Kenepp, $1, - 

Kansas — $26.75. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, : . . . 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. N. E. Sowers, $12; Lucetta 

Burk, $3.50 

Northwestern Kansas, Individuals. 

Mrs. Emma Tatlock, $2; Mrs. Sarah 

Horting, 50 cents, 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Yoder and wife, $5; Silvanus 
Delp, $1.25; Irvin A. Nettrouer, $1; 
J. J. Yoder (marriage notice), 50 cents 7.75 

Missouri — $24.50. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Jesse Royer and wife, $10; Mary 
Burtzer, $1; Susan Moomaw, 50 cents, 11 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

Riley Stump 12 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Fred A. Becker, 1 00 

Denmark— $12.77. 

Brethren in Denmark, . 12 77 

Michigan — $11 .00. 
Individuals. 

A brother and family, $10; Mrs. 

Martha Bratt, $1, 11 00 

Idaho— $9.42. 
Sunday School. 



2 


00 


30 


00 


11 


00 


30 


00 


6 


00 


23 


00 


1 


00 


15 


50 


2 


50 



Nampa $ 6 62 

Individual. 

W. W. King 2 50 

Washington— $6.70. 
Individuals. 

A sister, $5; W. H. Kensinger, 
$1.20; B. E. Breshears (marriage 

notice), 50 cents 6 70 

Texas— $5.00. 
Individual. 

Miss Myrtle Blocher 5 00 

Oklahoma — $3.50. 
Individuals. 

Isaac Williams, $3; Jos. Griser, 50 

cents 3 50 

West Virginia— $3.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

Raphael Baker, $2; Elizabeth Cas- 

saday, $1 3 00 

Wisconsin — $2.10. 
Individuals. 

T. D. Van Buren, $1.10; Mr. and 

Mrs. J. E. Zollers, $1 2 10 

Nebraska— $2 .00. 
Individuals. 

Hattie Dell, $1; J. J. Tawzer (mar- 
riage notice), $1, 2 00 

Montana — $1.60. 
Individual. 

O. A. McGrew, 1 60 

Minnesota — $1.50. 
Individuals. 

Mrs. Bernice Ashmore, $1; D. H. 
Keller (marriage notice), 50 cents, . . 1 50 

New Mexico — $1.12. 
Individuals. 

Samuel Weimer, $1; A. Wampler, 12 

cents, 1 12 

Canada— $0.10. 
Individual. 

Sarah J. Buck 10 

Total for the month, $ 962 27 

Previously received, 23,294 22 

Total for year so far $24,256 49 

INDIA MISSION. 

California — $20.00. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pomona $ 20 00 

Illinois — $9.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

La Motte, 5 00 

Individuals. 

M. D. Hershey, $2; Mr. and Mrs. A. 

L. Turney, $2 4 00 

Ohio — $8.28. 
Northwestern District. 

Junior Boys' Bible Class, Fos- 

toria, 7 2S 

Southern District, Individual. 

Grace Baker, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 37 23 

Previously received, 688 37 

Total for year so far $ 725 65 

INDIA ORPHANAGE. 

Pennsylvania — $65.00. 

Eastern District. 

Mothers' Meeting, First Church, 

Philadelphia, $ 20 00 

Southern District. 

Class in the Corner, Huntsdale S. 

S 5 00 

Individual. 

Mi^s Bessie Rohrer 16 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

"C. X." 20 00 

Western District, Individuals. 

W. H. Blough and wife 4 00 

Iowa — $61.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

South Waterloo 16 00 

Individual. 

Mary S. Newsom 25 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Bro. and Sister Oscar Diehl 20 00 



144 



The Missionary Visitor 



April 
1910 



Virginia — $50.00, 

First District, Sunday School. 

Trinity S. S. Botetourt Cong $ 30 00 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Mill Creek, 20 00 

Ohio — 540.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mary R. Hoover 20 00 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Kintner, 20 00 

Washing-ton — §25.00. 
Congregation. 

Wenatchee, 20 00 

Sunday School. 

Sunnyside 5 00 

Kansas — $24.55. 
Northwestern District. 

I. M. Burger's S. S. Class, Morning 

Star 4 55 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Yoder and wife 20 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. 

Lock Lily, Williston S. S 20 00 

California — $10.0C. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pomona, 10 00 

Indiana — $9.CO. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Walnut St. Church, N. Manchester, S 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Susan Knote 1 00 

Colorado — -$7.36. 
Congregation. 

Pruita, 7 36 

Total for the month $ 311 91 

Previously received, 2 9 70 62 

Total for year so far $ 32S2 53 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 
Pennsylvania — $3.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

C. W. Kephart, $ 3 00 

Nebraska — $2.00. 
Individual. 

Hattie Dell 2 00 

" Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 15 00 

Total for the year so far $ 20 00 

CHINA HUSSION. 

California — $20.00. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Pomona, $ 20 00 

Washington— $10.00. 
Individual. 

A sister, Wenatchee, 10 00 

India — $7.20. 
Individuals. 

C. H. Brubaker and wife 7 20 

Indiana — $5.50. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Nappanee, 5 50 

Pennsylvania — $3.30. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Spring Creek, 3 30 

Illinois — $3.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Turnev. $2; 

M. D. Hershey, $1, 3 00 

Virginia— $3.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Botetourt 3 00 

Total for the month $ 52 00 

Previously received, 4S3 89 

Total for year so far $ 535 89 

CUBA MISSION. 
California — $50. CO. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Reedley, $ 50 00 

Total for the month $ 50 00 

Previously received 60 50 

Total for the year so far $ 110 50 



COLORED MISSION. 
Illinois — $1.00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. G. E. Whisler, $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Previously received 18 91 

Total for the year so far $ 19 91 

BRETHREN SUNDAY SCHOOL EXTENSION 
OF CHICAGO. 

During the month of February, 1910, the 
Extension received the following remittances: 

Building 1 Fund. 
California. — H. J. Yaniman, Pomona, $30. 
Indiana. — Henry Heaston, Huntington, $2.25. 
Iowa. — Lizzie Arnold, Waterloo, $10.60. Kan- 
sas — Frank and Lizzie Hoover, Sabetha, $5. 
Oklahoma. — W. F. Ambrose, Guthrie, $2.30. 
North Dakota. — U. T. Forney, Egeland, 43 
cents; Anna Myers, Barlow, $4.13. Total, $4.56. 
Pennsylvania. — Mrs. H. H. Berkey, Elton, $2.50. 
Virginia. — H. F. Sours, Luray, $5. Formerly 
reported in General Fund and transferred at 
request of donors, $55.63. Collections Ex- 
tension No. 2, $8.11. Pledges to Building 
Fund for February. $140. Total to Building 
Fund for month, $265.95. Grand total cash 
and pledges to date, $2271.59. 

General Fund. 

Indiana. — B. J. Miller, Nappanee, $8. SO. 
Iowa, — Ella Royer, Dallas Center, $3.85. 
Kansas. — Julia Mohler, Quinter, $4.24. Mich- 
igan. — J. W. Lair, Custer, $11.03. Ohio. — Cora 
O. Z. Smith, Sidney, $1.90. Pennsylvania. — 
Mrs. Geo. E. Reitz. Friedens, $4.50. West 
Virginia. — J. R. Rlggleman. Rockoak, $10. 
Total to General Fund for February, $44.32. 

If your remittance is not found in the fund 
for which you intended it kindly notify us at 
once. Only amounts so specified are credited 
to the Building Fund. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treas. 

1811 Clifton Park Ave., Chicago, March 1, 
1910. 

THE BIBLE AND MISSIONS. 
(Continued from Page 136.) 

There is a mission field in this country 
of from two millions to three millions of 
souls awaiting some church or denom- 
ination. You will find it among the 
mountains of Tennessee, Kentucky, 
North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama. 
The people are called Mountain Whites 
or American Highlanders. 

By a comparison of the conditions of 
those mountain people with the methods 
of church propagation pursued by the 
Church of the Brethren I am more and 
more impressed with the idea that there 
is no other denomination more adapted 
to sweep those mountains for Christ. It 
can be done in fifteen years, if a business 
is made of it, whereas, for one hundred 
and fifty years those destitute people 
haYe been but little noticed by the outside 
world, and the outside world is but little 
known bY them. 



THE REPORT OF THE STUDENT VOLUNTEER 
CONVENTION AT ROCHESTER 

ADVANCE PRICE (Dec. 29, 1909— Jan. 2, 1910.) REGULAR PRICE 
$1.00 Substantially Bound in Cloth. Octavo. Over 600 Pages. $1.50 

This report is now on the press. It will contain a verbatim record of 
all the great addresses given before the Convention, including the fol- 
lowing: : 



John R. Mott: " The Spiritual Conditions in the Univer- 
sities and Colleges Requisite for Meeting the Present 
Missionary Demand." 

Dean Edward I. Bosworth: "The Discovery of God." 

Dr. Arthur J. Brown: "The Changing Conditions in the 
Orient." 

Ambassador James Bryce: "The Obligations of Christian 
Xations." 

Bishop William F. McDowell: "The Highly Multiplying 
Possibilities of Obedience to God." 

Robert E. Speer: "The Abounding Sufficiency of Jesus 
Christ to Meet the Needs of All Men." "The Spiritual 
Obligation of the United States and Canada to Latin 
America." 

Bishop Arthur S. Lloyd: " The Undiscovered and Unreal- 
ized Possibilities of Intercession." 

Alfred E. Marling: "The Money Power Related to the 
Plans of the Kingdom of God." 

Also addresses by Dr. F. P. Haggard, Dr. S. M. Zwemer, 
Dr. John P. Jones and many other prominent leaders in 
the work at home and abroad. 



Of Special Value to 

MISSIONARIES: To broaden the hprizon of their own fields. 
PASTORS: In their new leadership of the Missionary Movement, and in 

preparation of missionary addresses. 
CHRISTIAN WORKERS: Showing the world-wide power of the Gospel. 
LAYMEN: Because of its vital relation to the Laymen's Movement. 

By returning the order form belozv the report may be obtained at the 
special rate of $i.oo. 



To the STUDENT VOLUNTEER MOVEMENT, 125 East 27th Street, New 
York City: 

I hereby subscribe for '..... copies of the above report at $1.00 

each, and agree to remit for same, with addresses to which the books are to be 
mailed, when notified that the Report is read}- for distribution. 

Name '. 

Street, 

City. .' , 

State or Province , 



Minutes of the Annual Meetings 



OF 



The Church of the Brethren 

From 1778 to 1909 



The Conference held at Harrisonburg, Virginia, 1909, passed the fol- 
lowing query unanimously: 

" The General Mission Board asks Annual Meeting, through Standing 
Committee, if it may, through the Gish Publishing Fund, or otherwise, pub- 
lish in book form all the Minutes of Annual Meeting for historical value." 

The book is printed and is now ready for mailing. 

In point of history, doctrine, discipline and practice of the Church 
of the Brethren, this volume is of inestimable value and interest to every 
member of the church. 

It includes, in a concise and convenient form, every available minute 
of the Annual Meetings held by the Brethren. 

The interest and careful consideration of the welfare, growth and de- 
velopment of the Church during the years shown in the deliverances of 
the conferences, is supremely gratifying to the interested reader. 

A volume of this book ought to be in the home of every Brethren family. 
The book is thoroughly indexed which makes it convenient for reference. 
It contains 944 pages, neatly bound in cloth, and will be a handsome and val- 
uable addition to your library. 

Price, postpaid, $2.50. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 



ami m 



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Vol. XII 



MAY, 1910 



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Reproduced from the Missionary "Witness, Toronto, Canada. 



Contents for May, 1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT,— . 171 

WORLD-WIDE,— . . .' 145 

ESSAYS — 

" Worship God," By J. M. Blough, • 147 

Report of Trip to South India, By I. S. Long and A. W. Ross, 148 

The Widows' Home, By Mary N. Quinter, 154 

Sharps and Flats from Non-Christian Sources, By W. B. Stover, .157 

Our First Kindergarten Class, By Anna Z. Blough, e 160 

Rutuabai, By Florence B. Pittenger, 162 

Notes from Raj Pipla State, By E. H. Eby, 163 

Vyara Notes, By A. \Y. Ross, ■ 165 

In a Chinese Kindergarten, By E. H., 167 

A Bit of Chinese Christianity, By F. H. Crumpacker, 168 

A Trip to Dhamtari, By Kathryn Zigler, 170 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 174 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OP THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OP THE CHURCH OP THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD, 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



TEE BOARD. REGULAR MEETINGS, 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April. August 

3.HQ Tjpoptti nAT* 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. Address all' communications to the 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN GENERAL MISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. BOARD 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting: 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 



Volume XII 



May, 1910 



Number 5 



WORLD WIDE 



The Methodists and Presbyterians 
have a united force of 262 missionaries, 
42,244 baptized members, 50,516 cate- 
chumens, and 76,280 adherents in Korea. 
Contributions last year amounted to 
$132,742. 



Falsely cast into prison two years ago 
Liu Ching An, a teacher of classics in the 
Wuchang Divinity school of China, has 
shown a spirit and influence much like 
Paul's. Two successive jailers have been 
converted and await baptism. And above 
all the gentleman, scholar and Christian 
bears no ill will towards those who have 
wronged him. 

The new government in Turkey, which 
took a year ago such an advanced step 
towards religious liberty, finds itself fa- 
cing a serious problem. It thought its 
realm was strongly Mohammedan. In- 
stead, a large percentage have been se- 
cretly Christian and now are clamoring 
for greater recognition than even the ag- 
gressive government wishes to give. 



All through Moslem territory there is 
a great transformation in progress. Over 
600 Protestant missionaries are working 
among these 30,000,000 Mohammedans. 
Within one year 60,000,000 pages of 
Christian literature were sent out by the 
Beirut Press, and in a single month or- 
ders for 100,000 copies of Arabic Scrip- 
tures were placed on file. All this indi- 
cates a wonderful advance among a peo- 
ple sealed against Christianity. 



The World's Sunday-school Conven- 
tion, to be held in Washington, D. C, 
May 19-24, promises to be the largest 
world gathering in a representative way 
ever yet held. Official representatives 
will come from at least fifty-one coun- 
tries and participate in the meeting. 

Because S. Pollard, a missionary to 
the Miaos of China, would not accept 
two daughters of the native chief as 
wives, the people concluded he had come 
to do them wrong. The missionary was 
beaten and left outside the village almost 
dead. He has recovered and persecution 
has turned to acceptance of Christ on the 
part of some. 

In Queensland, Australia, there is an 
interdenominational organization for the 
evangelization of that particular part of 
the island continent. Last year their re- 
ceipts were near $4,000. Their an- 
nual report published in their official or- 
gan, Queensland Evangelists, is full of 
enthusiasm and good results. 

At the dedication of the Mengo Hos- 
pital in Uganda, Africa, on Dec. 21, 
1909, Mr. Roosevelt, who was conduct- 
ing the exercises said : " The target of 
evil is broad enough for all good men to 
shoot at instead of at one another." He 
had been on a mission field, saw some of 
the great needs of suffering humanity, 
and hence this broad statement of a truth 
that should govern every man's life. 



146 



The Missionary Visitor 



1910 
1910 



Through the ministry of the Student 
Volunteer Movement 4,346 missionaries 
under thirty different boards have gone 
to the foreign field. 

m+ 

Dr. Shephard with his wife has been 
compelled to leave their African field on 
account of the doctor's failing health. 
This is a great loss to African missions. 

Dr. Emmeline Stuart, in Persia, 
though accompanied by a man, was held 
up by footpads when passing from one 
mission station to another. The unrest 
in that nation is such that property nor 
life is safe any more. 



A very strong testimony of the hold 
Christianity is getting on the Hindu mind 
in India is shown when in Madura na- 
tives of the Hindu faith contributed 17,- 
000 rupees towards endowing the Chris- 
tian hospital, Albert Victor. While not 
accepting Christianity they see its good 
works and are willing to help in a com- 
mendable way. 

^ <&&. 

The Jews from every land where they 
are now scattered are in great numbers 
returning to Palestine. Three fourths 
of the population of Jerusalem and a 
large percentage of Jaffa, Haifa, Tiber- 
ias, are Jews. The plain of the Esdraelon 
is in Jewish hands, and there are many 
prosperous colonies located all along 
from Dan to Beersheba. 

&// r 

Japan Christians show a very com- 
mendable spirit, in that recently they de- 
cided to send missionaries to the Chinese. 
The leaders of the convention at which 
this decision was reached declared that 
" though the Chinese are hostile in race, 
and have been our enemies in war, we 
must show that we love them and want 
them to love our Lord and Master." 

After forty-four years of patient toil 



at the Poo Station in Western Himalaya 
two high caste women have been added 
to the very few low caste members gath- 
ered into the Moravian fold. These high 
caste suffer very many hardships and will 
have much to endure for Christ's sake. 

The Moravians, ever in the hardest 
fields, are making progress in Labrador. 
Recently they completed a new church- 
house. When the lumber arrived men 
and women turned out in a body and 
carried the timbers from the vessel to the 
building. Everybody worked like in old- 
en times in rebuilding the temple, and the 
little band are greatly encouraged. 

It is hard to conceive how a mother 
could give her daughter to the temples in 
India to be " married to the gods " and 
forever live a life of grossest shame. Yet 
that is hard-hearted, sin-cursed India, 
and man} 7 a mother prefers this to letting 
her daughter attend a mission school and 
learn of Jesus and purity. Recently the 
government of Mysore, one of the most 
densely populated parts of India, has 
passed a law forbidding any more such 
giving up of India's daughters to such 
licensed sin, and it is but another mark of 
the progress India is making towards a 
better day. 

From a mission station in Rahuri, 
West India, comes the story of a Chris- 
tian woman, who, when talking to the 
women about her on Christian themes, 
was interrupted by a Brahman. He had 
listened to her words and thought to 
confuse her in argument. " In the 
ancient days you speak of," said he. 
" there were miracles ; show me one of 
these and I will believe." Whereupon 
she answered : " See me ! I am a wo- 
man of low caste speaking to you, a 
Brahman, these wonderful words of 
life ! What greater miracle can there be ? 
What more wonderful work can you ask 
to see than this?" — Missionary Review. 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



147 



"WORSHIP GOD" 

J. M. Blough 




FEW weeks ago while 
in the waiting-room 
at Surat Station I was 
very much impressed 
with the words of the 
angel to the beloved 
John in Rev. 19 : 10. 
A Jain Guru came in 
with a few attendants. 
Now " Guru " means 
a religious teacher, 
and in this case he belonged to the partic- 
ular sect called Jains, who exalt their 
teachers to the place of God. In ap- 
pearance he was disgusting and not fit 
for decent society. With the exception 
of a scant loin-cloth he wore absolutely 
nothing — no hat, no coat, no shoes, noth- 
ing. His hair was unkempt and his 
whiskers too. He travels all over the 
country, but carries nothing with him 
save a water-jar, a mat on which to sleep, 
and a brush of feathers. 

This man in just this manner came in- 
to the station and with his brush brushed 
over a chair and sat down. What is this 
brush for? Jains do not take life, not 
even of the smallest insect, if they can 
avoid it. They will not even destroy ver- 
min or destructive insects and animals. 
Priests in their temples wear cloths over 
their nostrils lest some poor creature 
should be drawn in with the breath and 
lose its life. So with his brush he drives 
away the flies and insects that may be on 
the chair. 

High caste, rich and well-dressed men 
were in attendance and vied with one an- 
other to do him service. They hung upon 
his words as if they were the last words 
of a dear, dying friend. While he sat 
there for quarter of an hour, others, men, 
women and their children, came in, took 
off their shoes and bowed low to the floor 



before him. And he? He kept his seat 
and continued in conversation with 
others and cast scarcely a glance toward 
the worshipers. Little children, that 
scarcely know their right hand from 
their left, bowed to this, their god. 

Brethren, I could scarcely endure this 
sight. It touched my heart as very few 
of the dreadful things in India have done. 
I was sad, oh, I was sad ! That men, in- 
telligent men, should follow such a one 
as their ideal and adore him. That wom- 
en should think of such a one as their 
guide in religious matters. That chil- 
dren, innocent children, should be taught 
to bow down to a man. Oh, it is enough ! 
You see the transaction and its signifi- 
cance ? What a responsibility rests upon 
parents, for children will do as they are 
taught. 

But, brethren, do you know that these 
people did just what they think they 
ought to do ? That is the sad thing about 
it all. This is the light and the knowl- 
edge they have. They may be doing the 
best they can. If so, is it not a great re- 
flection on the Christian church for leav- 
ing them in this ignorance ? " Worship 
God." The angel refused worship, but 
Satan enjoys it. We missionaries have 
thrust it from us, but this Guru accepts 
it. He, too, may be living up to the light 
he has. Oh, that all these worshipers 
and worshiped may be converted to the 
Lord Jesus Christ and bow down to Him 
only ! Come, brethren and sisters, this is 
our work. Help, help ! If we are will- 
ing, God can use us to this end. For 
Jesus' sake. Amen. 

" I believe it is fully in the hands of 
the Christians of the United States to 
hasten or retard the coming of Christ's 
kingdom by hundreds and perhaps thou- 
sands of years." — Josiah Strong. 



148 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



REPORT OF TRIP TO SOUTH INDIA 

I. S. Long and A. W. Ross 




HE trip to visit the 
large and successful 
missions of South In- 
dia marks an epoch in 
our lives. Many a time 
while on the journey 
we were made to won- 
der why some of our 
number had not long 
ago made the same or 
a similar trip. So val- 
uable in suggestion and inspiration was 
this visit that we feel we have spent a 
month away from our immediate station 
work most profitably. 

The journey of about 3,500 miles 
brought us in contact with the work of 
ten missionary societies and the Syrian 
Christian Community. Everywhere we 
were given a hearty welcome and were 
shown every kindness. We made special 
effort to talk with the native as well as 
with the European. Several places tak- 
ing a native man with us, we went into 
the villages and saw the people in their 
home life and tried to get the native view 
of the situation. 

Evangelistic. 
Many and varied may be the activities 
of the various missions, but at the root 
of all comes the work of the evangelist. 
The one primary object of missions is 
the conversion of the people. But how 
sad it is to hear that so often the mission- 
ary is turned aside to secondary lines of 
activity through conditions over which 
he has no control, and often arising from 
the very nature and weakness of the peo- 
ple among whom he is working. A num- 
ber of places the missionaries emphat- 
ically said that if they could give the 
time to the direct preaching of the Word, 
there would be as many baptisms as 
there were years ago; but the training 



and the strengthening of the many who 
have been won occupies so large a part 
of their time that they have no time and 
strength left for the unconverted This 
means that there is a woeful shortage of 
workers, and that the boards and the 
churches have not been able to keep pace 
with the work on the field. 

W mere the people have come in such 
large numbers as they have in South India 
it requires no small amount of planning 
and close supervision, and to this end the 
missions seek to train a large force of 
native teachers and catechists. The dis- 
tricts are divided and subdivided into 
circles and sub-circles, over each of 
which is a leader, who is responsible to 
his superior. The unit of the working 
force is the primary teacher. Then comes 
the circle catechist, who has charge of a 
territory in which may be eight to ten 
teachers. Then comes the traveling cat- 
echist or evangelist, and in some cases a 
separate school inspector, who goes over 
the whole of the district as often as pos- 
sible. These circle catechists in large 
missions have license for performing 
weddings along certain prescribed rules. 

The question is often asked, " Are 
mass movements a success?" and many 
are the missionaries who have their 
grave apprehensions and who have even 
been loud in their condemnation of them. 
On this long trip we failed to find one 
man who does not believe in them. And, 
too, with few exceptions the men now in 
charge are not the men whom God used 
in reaping the large numbers ; but are 
those who now have the drudgery of 
disciplining, educating, and building up 
a strong Christian church out of what 
at the time seemed to be a large, chaotic 
mass of lately converted people. 

Mr. Chamberlain of the Arcot Mission 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



149 



was so struck with the greatness and the 
good of the work done at Ongole that he 
was made to say, " Some people say that 
missions are failures. If this is one of 
the failures, then I pray God to give us 
more of them." True it is that in going 
into the villages it is not hard to find 
some things which are not Gospel, some 
things which are not what they ought to 
be, the people still doing some things 
which they ought not to do, still clinging 
to some heathen and often ridiculous 
practices ; but if we are looking for mod- 
el churches there is every likelihood that 
we will not find many of them even in 
the home lands. Mr. Baker, of Ongole, 
would say that we have our precon- 
ceived ideas of what is expected of a 
Christian, and as soon as we find these 
poor people who have come up through 
centuries of heathenism and superstition 
going far amiss, we are ready to pro- 
nounce judgment on them. In other 
words, we place on them yokes which 
they are not yet able to bear. 

Educational. 
That the work of education is closely 
linked to the evangelistic is most evident. 
Even the primary school is made an 
evangelistic agency to no small degree. 
Once the people become Christians the 
work of education has just begun. Fol- 
lowing the primary schools are second- 
ary schools, boys' and girls' boarding 
schools, teacher-training schools, theo- 
logical institutions, etc. Everywhere the 
cry is " We must educate." One is 
struck with the manifest eagerness of 
the Indian people in certain parts for an 
education. Even English is being taught 
in the lower grades, and one is aston- 
ished to see small girls, too, trying their 
best to learn to talk English like their 
larger sisters. Everywhere there is an 
educational ferment. The schools are 
being enlarged, better teachers employed, 
the pupils housed in better buildings, 
higher grade of work and equipment de- 
manded. 



Generally the schools are registered 
and draw good grants from the govern- 
ment. Especially is this true with the 
village schools. In the Ongole District 
the schools are registered in the name of 
the teacher and he gets all the grant, 
while at other places they are registered 
in the name of the mission and only a 
part of the grant is given to the teacher. 
This difference arises largely because of 
the difference in salary of teachers. 

In some schools only the vernacular is 
taught. The missionaries contend that 
the higher the boys are educated the less 
inclined they are for the evangelistic 
work. On the other hand, other mis- 
sions contend that we should give a well- 
rounded out education, trusting that a 
goodly number will hear the Lord's call 
to service. 

Theological. 

Every mission we visited has its theo- 
logical school and is sparing neither 
money nor talent to make it a success. 
Realizing that the success of their evan- 
gelistic and pastoral work depends large- 
ly on the consecration and thorough 
training of the workers, the best men, 
both native and foreign, are used in these 
schools. Courses are from two to four 
years in length, and together with the 
regular work of the institution, evangel- 
istic work is carried on in the surround- 
ing communities. Some places, as at 
Ramapatam, one month of each year is 
set aside for special village touring and 
preaching, for the specific purpose of 
actual drill and practice under the direc- 
tion of the accompanying missionary. 

One thing is emphasized and that is 
the ever-recurring necessity of giving the 
workers a " brushing up " in the schools. 
It is found that after a young man has 
been out in the villages for a time he 
forgets much that he ever did know, 
while at the same time he is liable to lose 
much of his former zeal and enthusiasm. 
Consequently it is advisable to bring 
them in, say at least once in three years, 



150 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



for several months of review and special 
training. Some places the student is 
given a short course in Bible study and 
sent out into the work for experience. 
After a year or two he is brought in and 
taken through a more advanced and 
longer course. 

Industrial. 

The place of the Industrial Mission is a 
much-disputed question. Some there are 
who strongly advocate that it has no 
place at all; that we are not sent to the 
field to carry on business or to teach peo- 
ple trades : that once people become 
Christians the financial and social status 
of the people will gradually work out 
their own salvation. On the other hand 
there are others who feel the need of 
something in the way of teaching the 
boys and girls trades, but the problem is 
so large and so difficult of solution, espe- 
cially in a large mission, that they have 
refrained from taking it up ; while there 
are others who have taken it in hand and 
are trying in different ways to carry on 
the work. 

We noticed three or four different pol- 
icies in vogue. First, there is the mis- 
sionary who remembers how hard he 
had to work for his education, and at 
the same time how good it was for him 
in the way of character building. He 
comes to India and sees the great eager- 
ness among the people for an education. 
He also sees that in a mission like the 
Baptist Mission at Ongole, which num- 
bers its Christians by the halt lakh (a lakh 
is 100.000) and its adherents by the 
lakhs, to give every boy and girl, even the 
promising, bright ones, an education will 
take such enormous sums of money as 
can not be gotten, so he sets himself to 
the task of working out some scheme or 
plan to institute some trade which can be 
learned quickly, which will find a ready 
market for its prepared product, and 
which will afford the willing student a 
sufficient income from a half day's work 
at the trade to carry him through school. 



Secondly, there is the man who sees 
that people from the lower walks of life, 
learning a trade, have to compete with 
those who have the advantage of caste 
relation and long experience, etc., and 
that it is too much to expect them to 
make their way free-handed, so he sets 
about developing the shop and factory 
wherein the Christian tradesman can re- 
main and be under the constant care and 
direction of the missionary. 

The third takes middle grounds, seeks 
to teach the boys trades and then sets 
them loose to make their way the best 
they can; while a fourth school teaches 
the trades, not with the idea of giving 
them a trade or of their becoming pro- 
ficient in any one thing except as a teach- 
er or a preacher, but instead holding that 
work with the hands gives strength to 
character such as cannot be gotten any- 
where else, and that at the same time a 
general smattering of the various trades 
will come in handy some day. 

One point not to be overlooked in the 
discussion of this question is that it, to- 
gether with the educational, helps much 
towards raising the status of the people 
and the Christian community. One is 
pleased to go into a school of several 
hundred boys, largely Hindus, and find 
that the head master and his assistant are 
both Christians and highly respected. 

The educated Christian with marked 
ability can make his way nicely. There 
are a lot of others who have worked hard 
for an education, have gotten that far, 
but for some cause often not their own 
fault, they cannot go farther and conse- 
quently must drop back into the channels 
of coolie labor, their circumstances be- 
coming more and more straitened. 
Formerly they were paid in grain, but 
now since prices are high and there is an 
outside market for grain, the farmer is 
paying in money and consequently it be- 
comes harder and harder for the poor 
man. Looking forward to the time when 
our Christian communities will have 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



151 



gained an honorable social status and 
be able to care for themselves gives one 
much pleasure in anticipation ; but with 
many that time is many, many years 
hence, unless the missions grapple with 
this industrial problem. 

Last, but not least, in the discussion 
of this question is the necessity of teach- 
ing practical farming. Our people are 
largely children of the soil. That being 
so there is an ever-increasing feeling on 
the part of missionaries that we will do 
well to prepare larger numbers to cope 
with the conditions they have to meet in 
living the farmer's life. 

Even though a boy should learn the 
carpenter trade and afterwards go to 
farming it is generally thought that he 
has just added to his earning ability and 
that he is the gainer in the end. At 
Chingleput, south of Madras, is what is 
called an Industrial Farm School. Here 
Rev. Andrews procured a tract of land 
from the government some fifteen years 
ago and settled some poor, persecuted 
converts on it. Wells were dug and the 
Persian bucket set to work by ox-power. 
With this he was able to lift 3,500 gal- 
lons of water an hour and with this irri- 
gate some five acres of land. The gov- 
ernment was pleased with the general ap- 
pearance of the village and considered 
the experiment well worth further devel- 
opment, so placed a three and one-half 
horsepower engine to work at its own 
expense. The inflow of the well had to 
be increased, and this was done by sink- 
ing a shaft in the old well and later by 
digging another but much larger well 
with connecting shafts for storage, and 
now 200,000 gallons of water can be 
taken from the wells in twenty-four 
hours, thus greatly augmenting the 
amount of acreage watered. 

A well worked-out system of manage- 
ment is now in vogue ; the people of the 
village can get water for their gardens 
at the rate of six annas per hour ; several 
boys are taught both experimental and 



practical farming, besides how to make 
use of the by-products of the farm, such 
as manures, plantain fibres, etc. For- 
merly the plantain fibres were thrown out 
on the trash piles, but it is now proven 
that they can be made into ropes, giving 
a good profit. Not only is the school a 
success in the way of giving practical 
training for the farms, but it is now, to- 
gether with the grants from the govern- 
ment, more than paying expenses, last 
year producing more than $500 worth of 
produce, all of which was taken away by 
the purchasers and eagerly sought for. 
This Industrial Farming School is at- 
tracting wide attention and other mis- 
sions are sending boys there for training, 
expecting to institute such schools in 
their own missions. 

Medical. 

The work of the medical missionary 
draws the attention of perhaps more peo- 
ple than any other form of missionary 
activity. Nor has the work been without 
its direct success in the line of conver- 
sions. There are several notable cases 
on record where for the first time the 
Gospel was heard while the patient was 
in the hospital. As a mission grows, the 
necessity for a qualified missionary doc- 
tor becomes more evident. And nowa- 
days the mission without a doctor is 
hardly considered well equipped to meet 
the conditions of the field. Notable 
among the missionary doctors of South 
India are the Scudders, of the Arcot 
Mission, Dr. Van Allen, of Madura, and 
Dr. Wanless, of Miraj. 

In Vellore Miss Ida Scudder, M. D., 
has a finely equipped institution for 
women and is doing a work which wins 
the love and favor of all. The hospital 
in Madura is a large and splendid insti- 
tution, speaking well of the success of 
Dr. Van Allen. It cost $14,000 and was 
built from the money raised among his 
patients. Now he has an endowment of 
over $6,000 from the same source. The 
appropriation from the Home Board for 



152 



The Missionary Visitor 



Mav 
1910 



the running expenses would run the in- 
stitution for only twenty-four days, 
making it absolutely necessary for the 
doctor to stay close by his work and look 
out for his heavy running expenses from 
the people. The work of Dr. Wanless 
is well known, though we were not able 
to stop and see it in person. 

Education of Missionaries' Children. 

The children of the English are gener- 
ally sent home for their education. Till 
that time they are kept in their homes 
with their parents, often in charge of a 
governess for their primary or kinder- 
garten education. The Germans likewise 
depend on the home land for the school 
training of their children. The Ameri- 
cans generally keep their children in In- 
dia till they are about 8 to 10 years of 
age, but after the child has reached 
school-going, age it is sent to such hill 
stations as Kodaikanal. Conoor, etc.. 
where they have a bracing atmosphere 
and school adantages which place them 
on an equal standard with the home child. 
Vacations and Furloughs. 

The weather in South India is hotter 
than with us, necessitating perhaps more 
frequent vacations, but at the same time 
larger and better-built houses help much 
to counterbalance the difference in cli- 
mate. It is quite a general rule to spend 
two months of each year, or at least 
even- other year, in the hills, arguing 
that by so doing they are able to do more 
work in the next ten months than thev 
would in twelve were they to remain at 
home. Advantages there are and dis- 
advantages. Some complain that the hill 
stations get so popular that soon there 
is no quiet and rest after all ; but instead 
a constant strain, caused by so many 
meetings and functions of various sorts. 
Again, others thought that some mis- 
sionaries were making themselves think 
they need a change, when actually they 
might get on well without it. 

However, it is generally not hard to 
find extremes, and it is quite probable 



that while some have the one extreme we 
may have the other, and will in the end 
pay dearly for it in the loss of some pre- 
cious strength and life which might be 
saved for the work. 

From what we were able to learn from 
others and from our own experience it 
would be money saved if provisions were 
made whereby each missionary could 
have a month or six weeks' vacation on 
the hills once even" three years. At least 
one vacation between each furlough and 
in case of furloughs being nine years 
apart two vacations would be advisable. 

The general verdict is that after we 
have had to send home several wornout 
missionaries from overly long periods of 
continual service, we will follow in the 
steps of other missions and make our 
periods of sendee not more than seven 
years between furloughs. 

Reflections. 

In thus giving a review of the trip, 
necessarily much of interest and value 
must be left out. The best one can do is 
to consider the general points. As we 
look back over the trip one naturally 
draws some conclusions which may not 
be out of place here. 

As we went from mission to mission 
and saw the great eagerness for an edu- 
cation, and the way in which missions 
have taken advantage of this and built up 
large educational institutions and sys- 
tems we were made to feel that the day 
is not far distant when we as a mission 
must have our own high school and other 
institutions under our management. Al- 
so as our work succeeds in the villages 
we want to be awake to the opportunity 
of educating the children of Christian 
parents and raising up from among them 
our future workers and leaders of the 
church. 

This will mean boarding schools : not 
only one, but as the work at the various 
stations opens up it will mean such insti- 
tutions at several places throughout the 
mission. It is now gfenerallv conceded 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



153 



that it is a mistake to take children out of 
their district environments, as for in- 
stance children raised in the forest 
should not be taken to the city. 

In the case of higher institutions it 
may be found advisable not to register 
them, since the demands of the govern- 
ment in the way of buildings soon cause 
the mission to spend often unnecessarily 
more money than the grants allowed. 
Everywhere the missionaries are com- 
plaining that while government inspec- 
tion is good and recognition desirable, 
yet the expenses are becoming so heavy 
that they are scarcely able to find enough 
funds to meet the demands. In the Tin- 
nevelly District the Church Missionary 
Society will have to spend $40,000 in im- 
provements to meet government require- 
ments. The Basel Mission, after careful 
consideration, decided that it would be 
cheaper to build their college at Calicut 
without help from government and run 
the school independently. 

There is an ever-increasing feeling 
among the missionaries that more re- 
sponsibility should be placed on the 
shoulders of the native men. Mistakes 
they will make, but they will learn by 
doing. Especially is it true that among 
the class reached so far we are dealing 
with a people who have little to do in the 
way of leadership, giving all the more 
reason for us to bear in mind to develop 
this necessary trait from the beginning. 

While the demands of the government 
are such as to make it difficult to develop 
the industrial along with the regular 
work, using the same students, yet most 
missionaries are realizing that a mistake 
has been made and too many educated 
gentlemen have been turned out of their 
•schools afraid of anything which will soil 
their hands. AVith many the thought is 
to turn more to the all-round education 
of heart, head and hand together, giving 
the student a training more similar to 
what he would get in such institutions as 
at Tuskegee. That character is ever so 



much more valuable than mere knowl- 
edge is to be borne in mind, and when we 
take children from the soil and educate 
them away from the soil we are likely 
making a grave mistake calling for a 
change in policy. Educated dudes will 
not do themselves any good, the mission 
any credit, nor will they be able to serve 
their community nor their country. 

Again it is noticed that too often boys 
leaving the institutions are not used to 
the kind of hard work necessary to meet 
the exigencies of making a good liveli- 
hood, even with good, remunerative oc- 
cupation, and the less we require of the 
hand during their school days the harder 
it will be for them. 

It is plainly evident that if we would 
have a strong force of native workers we 
must arrange to give them a better train- 
ing. To give them a thorough course 
once for all will not do. A system by 
which every worker can be brought un- 
der systematic instruction at least once 
in three years should be instituted and 
maintained at all hazards. 

Constantly were we reminded of the 
fact that after all " missions pay," that 
they are everything else but failures. 
Some places they have been of such suc- 
cess that the higher castes are seeing 
that unless they get up and do something 
the depressed classes will soon outstrip 
them and they instead be the servants. 

We humbly thank God for our small 
part in this great work, and assure the 
home church that the Lord has in store 
for us some great things if we are only 
faithful. "The earth shall be filled with 
the knowledge of the glory of the Lord 
even as the waters cover the sea." 

The best way to get our heart into the 
mission field is to have a missionary or 
part of one on the field. " Where the 
treasure is there is the heart." — Prophetic 
and Mission Record. 



154 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 




Some of Our Girls by the Well Near tlie Sea. 



THE WIDOWS' HOME 



Mary N. Quinter 




O you wonder what we 
are doing here at Jal- 
alpor? I have just 
come in from my 
evening visit to the 
women in the home. 
They are living in the 
building formerly used 
for the boys' orphan- 
age here. Listen and 
I will tell you who are 
here. In the first room lives a woman 
who is not a real widow, for her husband 
is living. Bahel was one of the girls in 
the orphanage at Bulsar and was mar- 
ried to Jatha, who was at the time a 
worker in the mission. He was dismissed 
as a worker after a time, and taking his 
family he departed to his own country and 
his own people, who happen to live in a 
district north of us. He soon became 
tired of trying to support his family and 
as an easy way out of the difficulty he 
purchased a ticket for his wife and sent 
her back to the mission. There was no 
home for the women then and so she was 
taken into the girls' orphanage, which 
was the only home she knew. Last April 
her husband sent for her and she went 



gladly, hoping he would keep her. But 
after a few months he sent her away 
again, and when the home was opened 
she was the first to come. She has three 
little ones with her, the youngest a baby 
boy two weeks old. The oldest of her 
children, a son, the father kept with him, 
or rather with his relatives. Possibly you 
may think we should not have taken her 
in and kept her. Perhaps not, but we 
could not turn her away to the lot of 
such a woman here, and so she is with us. 
She was so glad to come and receives so 
gladly and gratefully all that is given to 
her. She cares for her children, does 
her cooking, grinding and waternlling. 
She can neither read nor sew and there 
is not much opportunity for other work. 
I named her baby for her this evening — 
David, which in Gujerati is pronounced 
Dowd. 

In the next room is a young woman 
who is a widow indeed. Her husband, 
one of the young farmers in the Christian 
village Bro. Ross is trying to build up, 
died not long ago and his wife has found 
a home here where she can be sheltered 
and cared for till another opportunity for 
marriagfe is found for her. She was also 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



155 



one of the orphanage girls and had no 
other home to which to go. With Sara, 
the farmer's widow, lives a young woman 
who has been a widow from childhood. 
She is not strong mentally nor physically, 
but she tries as hard as she knows how 
to be good and succeeds better than some 
who know better than she does what they 
should do. She tells me sometimes that 
she is afraid at night. When I asked her 
whether she could not trust her heavenly 
Father to take care of her she said, " But 
is Satan bound or is he not? It is he of 
whom I am afraid." 

The last one of the little group is per- 
haps the most interesting character. She 
is an old woman. Her husband was 
Bamabai, the first deacon of the Bulsar 
church, who died after a long illness in 
the summer of 1908. Nanni was very 
faithful in caring for him and the work 
was not easy. She has a great deal of 
pain and she thinks it is on account of 
that work. Just now she is in bed and 
she is sure she is not going to get well — 
as she has thought many times before. I 
must always promise to care for her and 
to see that she is properly buried. One 
of her grievances has been that she was 
afraid she would die here at Jalalpor and 
could not be buried at Bulsar, but she has 
become reconciled to that now. When 
she is well she is very talkative, but she 
imagines so many things and thinks they 
are all true. On one of Brother Blough's 
visits, when he was leaving as he said 
" Salaam " to Nanni, he added, " Now, 
Nanni, tell the truth." After he was 
gone she said, " What did the Sahib 
mean? I never in all my life said any- 
thing that was not true, and does he 
think that I would begin now ?" One of 
her greatest comforts is to find some one 
who will listen to her story of complaint 
about the other people in the compound, 
and she sees and hears so many things 
that never happen. There are many mon- 
keys living in the trees near our com- 
pound and sometimes the monkeys and 
also other animals come into the com- 



pound and get on the roofs of the build- 
ings and of course make a great noise on 
the tile roofs, often throwing down 
pieces of the tiles. Nanni* is always very 
much frightened and is always sure that 
the evil spirits are coming to get her. 
Unlike most of the natives, Nanni is very 
fond of our food, and when we can we 
give her some of the food left over in the 
bungalow. Not long ago she was espe- 
cially pleased with something she re- 
ceived and said to me, " Now you have 
come into Blough Madam Sahib's place." 

These are the women who are now in 
the Widows' Home. Four others have 
been with us. Two of them were mar- 
ried and the other two have left us. One 
of them was a Marathi woman, and she 
did not like it here because she could not 
talk Gujerati and we could not talk Mar- 
athi. Brother Pittenger needed workers 
to help finish his bungalow, and as she is 
a very good woman to work she went out 
there and was very glad to go where her 
own language is spoken. She was an un- 
usual woman in some respects, for while 
most of the natives are very careful to do 
only what they are told to do, she would 
help wherever she saw anything to do 
without waiting for some one to call her 
to do it. 

The other one who has gone was a wo- 
man who for two years has not been 
mentally able to care for her family or 
her house. Her husband was long-suf- 
fering and tried to keep her at home, but 
finally felt that he could endure it no 
longer and it was thought that if she 
would come here, at least for a time, 
possibly she might be helped. She stayed 
several weeks and grew worse instead of 
better. She must be kept where she can 
be kept in and guarded during the day as 
well as at night. The women here are 
locked in at night but not during the day. 

Thus you can see that the home has 
proven to be a most necessary place and 
we are very glad for it. There are three 
families outside the home who also live 



156 



The Missionary Visitor 



Mav 
1910 




When the Girls Go to Sea. 



in the compound and who help to make 
larger the little group who gather each 
morning for prayers, and on Sunday 
mornings for the Sunday-school lesson 
and on Sunday afternoon for a Bible 
reading. The little folks in the group 
are more in evidence than the big folks., 
and they make it very interesting some- 
times. Sister Ziegler, who is still study- 
ing Gujerati, is here with me and she 
takes charge of the little ones in Sunday- 
school and shows and explains the pic- 
tures in the Sunday-school picture rolls 
so kindly sent to us, and gives each one a 
small picture card. 

This is a glimpse of our work here. I 
enjoy it and especially these evening 
visits with the people. I like to talk with 
them of the things that come to them and 
try to help them as they need it — and 
they mostly do need it. " When they have 
quarreled during the day, as sometimes 
happens, then the evening talk is not 



quite so enjoyable, but more necessary, 
perhaps. After I have heard all the 
" vats " (stories) of the big folks and 
loved all the little folks I come away and 
lock them in for the night. 

We try to make friends with the wom- 
en who come to sell wood and eggs and 
grain and vegetables. Thus little by little 
we are trying to help, and though we can 
not preach we are trying to win listening 
ears so that when the Story is told it 
may be gladly heard and believed. We 
want to make friends for our work 
among the people and by and by admit to 
our home widows who are not Christians 
— when they can be persuaded to put 
away their caste customs and live with us 
— and try to make them Christians, and 
thus help to lighten and brighten the 
lives of a few at least of India's widows, 
who have perhaps the saddest and dark- 
est lot of all her people. "Will vou help 
us? 



BUNYAN thus describes a faithful minister: "His eye is lifted 
up to heaven, the best of books is in his hand, the law of truth 
it -written upon his lips, and the world is behind his back." 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



157 



SHARPS AND FLATS FROM NON- 
CHRISTIAN SOURCES 

W. B. Stover 



JOB/ 

wm 



HAVE yet to be 
blamed for any too 
lavish expression of 
admiration for the 
non-Christian R e 1 i- 
gions. I have lived in 
non-Christian lands 
too long for that. 
However, in the ac- 
cumulated mass of 
unethical rubbish that 
has barnacled itself onto these other re- 
ligious systems it is often difficult for an 
honest and true admirer of the noblest 
and the best to keep his eyes closed to 
glaring inconsistencies long enough to 
discover what elements of truth and ex- 
cellence are therein contained. For the 
people of the One Religion, the One Uni- 
versal Religion, the Best Religion, in the 
whole world, the Religion of the Ages 
with the Seal of Divinity upon it, these 
sharps and flats are gathered. They will 
add richness of tone to the music of 
your life if properly harmonized. Key 
yourself accordingly, and then draw the 
tension of others. There will be a pleas- 
ant melody. 

Mercy among Hindus is a specially 
strong word. It outweighs justice every 
time. Kindness to animals is the great- 
est mark of a religious life. To look 
into the eyes of an animal is to see your- 
self without the power to express your 
thoughts. True, men are at times cruel 
to their animals, and too often under-feed 
them, but if a driver strike an ox in the 
crowded street, some one is sure to call 
out to him, " Have mercy, Brother," and 
that call from a disinterested party is al- 
ways heeded. I have never yet heard a 
man answer back when reproved for 
striking a beast. An ox or a cow, a dog 
or a goat, may be in the way where one 



is walking. The pedestrian will go aside 
and let him alone undisturbed. If a 
cow come to where grain is exposed for 
sale, they will let her take a mouthful 
and then drive her away. But not so 
with a famine-stricken man! Hindus 
passing a cow often place their hands 
affectionately on her back. Boys will 
call any animal their brother. The other 
day we saw a goat stand on its hind legs 
and place its two front feet square up 
against a woman's back, while it ate from 
off her head grass she had brought 
for sale. She turned at once to drive it 
away, but it was gone, for it had played 
that game before, and knew there was 
not much danger. Village people stall 
their cattle in the same house with them- 
selves, and care well for them. A visitor 
from the West, knowing these things will 
be disappointed at not finding many real 
first class fat cattle in India, but he can- 
not fail to see, on the part of the whole 
Hindu population, a striking regard for 
all classes of animals. This is a sharp. 
How many men have been forgetful in 
such matters ! 

Wearing of jewelry is characteristic 
of certain classes of people, especially 
of those who are not very high in the 
scale of life, and whose natural desire is 
to appear to be more than they really are. 
This statement is supported by the fact 
that the lower down men or women are, 
the more jewelry they require. There 
may be religious sentiment with them, 
but there is no religious depth. The 
indigenous tribes of India afford an ex- 
cellent example of this, than whom none 
are more religiously inclined, whose re- 
ligion is without foundation, and whose 
jewelry is most abundant. It is a thing 
to be studied into, a condition to ponder 
over. Jungle women of Central Africa 



158 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



consider themselves presentable without 
any clothing whatever, provided they 
have the usual brass about their arms 
and legs ! Ordinarily men are inclined 
to ask the question whether jewelry does 
not destroy the sense of shame in wom- 
en. In India, again, women of several 
castes are satisfied to be seen on the vil- 
lage street wearing the most scanty 
clothing, but without their several 
pounds of brass bangles about arms and 
legs they would feel ashamed to be seen 
even plastering the walls of their houses 
with the refuse of the cow stable ! This 
is a flat. How many good women 
thoughtlessly presume upon the igno- 
rance of their friends in these matters, 
when they seek to add luster to the beau- 
tiful human form by wearing a ring or 
two, and so imitate their semi-civilized 
sisters in darker lands ! 

As far as my observation goes, Hin- 
dus and Mahomedans always welcome 
children into their homes, the more the 
better. Big families are counted as 
specially favored by Divine Presence. 
The newly married couple always de- 
sires the first child within a year. And 
if no child is born within a reasonable 
time, there is an exceedingly strong temp- 
tation to look for another wife, for a 
home to be happy must have a baby in it. 
Other reasons of a religious nature, we 
might perhaps say superstitious reasons, 
enter into their desires, but the bare facts 
are as above stated. Among several 
castes, the welcome to the first child is 
so genuine, that two months before the 
young wife becomes mother she is pa- 
raded about the streets with a company 
of singing mothers and garlanded with 
flowers ! This is a sharp of so pointed 
a nature that it ought to send its sharpest 
sting to every home where the burden of 
motherhood is considered an unwelcome 
responsibility ! 

Speaking- of children, there is another 
phase of this subject. It might just as 
well be mentioned now. for it has its 
place in this list : I refer to the fact that 



every family holds firmly all their chil- 
dren for the religion of the parents. 
Somehow or other, what with sugges- 
tion, with teaching, with freedom in re- 
ligious conversation, the child is brought 
to understand, before it gets into its 
teens, yes, before it is ten years of age, 
where the parents stand on religious 
matters, and that it should uphold them 
in the same. A child is taught that 
heaven and earth expect him to walk in 
the footsteps of his parents religiously, 
and that to depart from the same would 
be to heap upon them the greatest dis- 
honor. For example, Mahomedans 
teach that God wants the child to be a 
Mahomedan, else why should He have 
caused it to be born into a Mahomedan 
home? The same is the child-teaching 
of the Hindus, and, Parsees, and Bud- 
dhists. Compare these thoughts with the 
fact that in enlightened homes where the 
true religion has been the only religion 
for centuries, the children often go wan- 
dering, and are not saved from evil and 
for God. Consider this most serious 
thought, and you will feel like I have 
come to feel, that when a Christian fam- 
ily cannot and does not retain its children 
for its own faith and religion, there is 
something rotten at the core ! And what 
less can be said of an elder or a church 
who signally fail on this vital point? 
(See Titus 1:6.) 

This brings us to another idea, hinted 
at above: The non-Christian peoples 
are ever free to talk on religious subjects, 
even as upon any other subject. There 
is no embarrassment in entering upon a 
religious conversation with a stranger. 
It is the most natural subject for conver- 
sation, the most easy of approach. 
Never a snub, never an insult is offered 
if one enters kindly into religious dis- 
cussion. Of course, if one jumps onto 
the subject with both feet, making a 
wholesale condemnation of everything 
and everybody (except himself), he may 
expect answers to match his statements, 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



159 



and it may be he'll get the worst of the 
bargain, but a kind, genial, honest dis- 
cussion is always Welcome. Religion 
enters into the conversation while the 
family are at meals, it is part of the chit 
chat one hears when walking quietly 
along the road, it is the daily topic for 
talk. And to the ordinary untaught 
mind, it is a perplexity beyond compre- 
hension why any one should hesitate to 
speak out freely and openly about reli- 
gion. And a man without religion is a 
misnomer ! I confess to thinking and 
feeling like a pagan in this matter. I 
cannot see why a man who has any reli- 
gion should ever hesitate to speak of it. 
and why any other reasonable person 
should ever object to his doing so, any 
more than to have him speak of the fat 
cattle he has, or of the thriving business 
in a neighboring town. Our fathers used 
to sing, " Religion is the chief concern 
of mortals here below," but most people 
seem to have revised it after a fashion 
something like this : 

Religion is the one concern of mortals here 

below, 
To speak of which to any one, it isn't nice, 

you know. 

In their simple way of getting at 
things, to keep their minds on the mat- 
ter in hand non-Christian peoples gen- 
erally pray out loud. A Parsee saloon- 
keeper prays out loud in his saloon while 
his customers wait till he has finished his 
prayers ; Parsees stand here and there 
on the sea side, facing the setting sun, 
each one praying separately but all out 
loud together and in hearing distance of 
each other. Mahomedans pray the pre- 
scribed prayers, following the leader in 
concert ; or looking towards Mecca he 
prays singly but loud enough not to be 
disturbed by outside influences. The 
Hindu chants his hymns or runs over his 
set forms of prayer always out loud, thus 
hearing his own voice and attempting 
to hold his own attention. I am not say- 
ing that the spirit of pagan prayer is any- 
thing like the spirit of the Christian pray- 



er, but I am saying that it is profitable 
to become accustomed to hear one's own 
voice in prayer, and to commune with 
God in that exceedingly familiar way in 
which a son talks with his father. There 
is no occasion to shout at the top of one's 
voice, as though God were far away, or 
deaf, or disinterested, neither should one 
whisper all the while or just think his 
prayers in his heart, as if he were 
ashamed of his Heavenly Parent. To 
talk out loud in prayer is a disciple's 
necessity. 

Another thing: when "the heathen 
in his blindness bows down to wood and 
stone," he always accompanies his wor- 
ship with a gift, considering the gift to 
be part of the worship. To worship with- 
out giving, he seems to think is like fool- 
ing with the deity. No good Buddhist 
will go to the pagoda without taking 
some money with him for the usual gift. 
The same is true of Hindus. I was rid- 
ing with a Hindu gentleman one day, 
when we passed a temple. He stopped 
the cart, felt about his clothes to assure 
himself that he had some money with 
him, went in and said his prayers before 
the idol and gave the money as a gift, a 
remembrance, an offering, to the goddess. 
When he came away I asked him about 
it. He said he never passes that temple 
without doing so. The gift is often the 
very smallest, it may be a rose, some 
rice, or a sixth part of a cent, but a gift 
must accompany the worship. Jesus 
called attention to the fact that some- 
times good people caught themselves go- 
ing up to the temple to offer their gift 
and enjoy the morning worship, while re- 
taining a grudge against another. He said 
the gift and the prayers would both be 
more acceptable to the Father if one 
would first go and make it right with his 
brother, and then come and enjoy the 
services. The gift was a part of that 
worship. 

From what source it comes I cannot 
sav, but I know that among the non- 



160 



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llav 
1910 



Christian peoples, as we see them in 
India, it is very common, when two have 
a difference, to call several disinterested 
parties to make an adjustment. And 
usually, the settlement offered by the 
outside parties is regarded as the will of 
God. " Where five agree, there God is," 
is a saying commonly accepted by all. 
This would establish the rule of the 
church. We would scarcely dare speak 
of the Hindu Church, or the Mahomedan 
Church, for the Church is a Christian In- 
stitution. But the rule of the community 
is so complete as to call forth surprise 
on the part of all who are not accustomed 
to it. How could it be otherwise ? Why 
should one stand out against a whole 
community? Who would dare to say 
that his wisdom is more than the com- 
bined wisdom of all the rest? These are 
common questions among them express- 
ive of their common thought. And 
while this thought has its hindering in- 
fluence with respect to certain kinds of 
growth, it certainly does have the desired 
effect of holding their people together 
on points settled among them. The rule 



of the community is the rule of the in- 
dividual. In this is seen the secret, why 
it is comparatively hard to work with the 
individual in India, though whole com- 
munities may be won at times. The se- 
cret of strength for any community, 
whether religious or otherwise, whether 
of a true religion or of a false one, is to 
stand together, and not exalt individual 
opinion way beyond what it is worth. 
We of the religious liberty country are 
apt to see only the other side of this 
question. 

A few other such points might be con- 
sidered. But what I want to say con- 
cerning them all is not that Christianity 
has lost any of its good, but that with 
our modern civilization much that be- 
longed to a simpler period seems to have 
been snowed under, and in considering 
what is good of the habits and customs of 
less civilized races, we find some things 
that we most surely need to re-establish 
into our daily manner of life. Not that we 
would be like pagans, but no Christian 
can afford to let them excel him, not even 
in one little point. 



OUR FIRST KINDERGARTEN CLASS 

Anna Z. Blough 



ERE is a picture of our 
kindergarten class. 
This is a new feature 
of our school work 
which began just a 
few months ago. 
Nearly all of these 
boys and girls are or- 
phanage grandchil- 
dren, i. e., children of 
those who were for- 
merly in the orphanage and are now sup- 
porting themselves and families. Two 
of them are the smallest of the orphan 
children. These children used to as- 




semble around the mission every day and 
have a lively time, so we decided to get 
them into a class. The woman standing 
at the side is the teacher. She is the wife 
of our carpentry teacher and came from 
another mission. She has had training in 
kindergarten work, so is well fitted for it. 
The names of the children are as fol- 
lows : Beginning with those standing, 
from the left they are Benjamin, John. 
Martha, Maili, Timothy, Solomon, Dani, 
Miriam and Esther. Those sitting, from 
the left are Sucilla, Abel, Daniel, Simon, 
Naomi and Abraham. If these children 
are faithful, as some of those were whose 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



161 




Our First Kinderg-arten Class. 



names they bear, they will make good 
men and women for the India church. 

Solomon is the oldest of the grand- 
children, but scarcely the largest. He is 
very wise — at least he thinks so — for he 
does not obey his parents very well. He 
was forming the habit of running in and 
out of the church during service even 
during prayer, so Missy Mamma told 
him that if he did not stop doing so she 
would make him sit beside her during 
meeting. The next meeting Solomon was 
missing. When I asked his mother the 
reason she said he was afraid he would 
have to sit beside Missy Mamma. The 
next time he came he sat with his mother 
and kept quiet. When his father went 
away to do carpenter work two months 
ago he charged us to keep a watch on 



Solomon and see that he goes to school 
every day, as he plays truant sometimes. 
He is doing first-rate. 

John is a quiet boy and learns quickly. 
His brother, Benjamin, and Esther are 
fond playmates. They like to play in the 
dirt and dust. Martha is a beautiful girl 
wearing a smile for everybody. Daniel 
is brought up quite religiously and gets 
switched pretty often and cries very loud- 
ly. Simon, poor boy, has a bad temper 
and got it from home. His mother does 
not care for him at all decently. 

These children with a few others also 
form the baby Sunday-school class. They 
can all sing and most of them can say the 
Lord's prayer. 

Bulsar, India, March 11, igio. 



JESUS CHRIST is the centre of everything and the object of 
everything, and he who does not know Him knows nothing of 
the order of the world and nothing of himself. — Pascal. 



162 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



RUTUABAI 

Florence B. Pittenger 




OUTH of India's "coral 
strand," in a sea of " sap- 
phire blue," lies the beau- 
tiful island of Ceylon. 
Clothed with the rich lux- 
uriance of a tropical veg- 
etation, it vies in gran- 
deur with the loveliest of 
nature's " beauty spots." 
=1 ^ The inhabitants compare 

this island to one of their elongated 
pearls. Here about thirty-five years ago, 
in a Mohammedan home, was born a 
little girl. A few years later the father 
died, leaving the mother with several 
small children. The family was poor 
and there was a grave struggle for the 
necessities to sustain life. 

In the meantime there came into this 
community a bearer of the gospel Light 
— a doctor of the Salvation Army. The 
mother consented to let the doctor have 
the little girl. He took her to his home, 
sent her to school and taught her the 
ways of Christian living. Thus was the 
early setting of the life of our beautiful 
Rutuabai. 

In this Christian home she lived and 
labored, caring for the sick and telling 
them of Jesus, until she grew into wom- 
anhood. 

After the cruel famine of 1899 all or- 
phanages were crowded. To the city of 
Poona, India, Rutuabai was called to act 
as matron of a large orphanage. Her 
experience and medical knowledge fitted 
her to care for the sick and dying chil- 
dren. In this institution she beautifully 
illustrated the Master's life as she went 
about her duties day and night during 
those trying days. 

Afterwards she was married, and sad 
to say her husband was a most unworthy 



man. She had many hard struggles. To 
her were born three children. All three 
of these little lives went back to their 
Creator in early infancy. Later the 
father died of plague. 

Rutuabai then came to Bombay, where 
she was employed in the family of the 
Mexican consul to India. Here she was 
treated with the greatest respect and 
kindness. She was surrounded with 
every luxury she might wish. She was 
happy, yet a still small voice within whis- 
pered : " The Master calleth for thee." 
While she used every opportunity to wit- 
ness for Christ, yet she felt that she 
should spend all her efforts in winning 
souls. She surrendered all. 

A few days later, while she was walk- 
ing in the streets of Bombay, she met a 
man who was searching for laborers for 
this jungle forest. It makes us happy 
to feel that the loving Father caused 
these strangers to meet and completed 
the arrangements for Rutuabai to come 
to witness for Him among these lonely 
people of the Dang Forests. 

Before her coming she was again mar- 
ried to a young Brahmin convert. He was 
led to Christ by Rutuabai's teaching. In 
November, 1907, she and her husband 
came here. It was in the evening time 
when we heard the tinkling of the bells 
of the oxen carts coming up over the hill. 
Soon Rutuabai's voice sang out clear 
and sweet in song of praise and thanks- 
giving. What a beautiful way to greet 
us ! At once she entered into the Mas- 
ter's work with a zeal and earnestness 
that characterized her every day. Out into 
the villages she went. She was often 
overtaken with fever. She lived in a 
grass hut which did not keep out the rain 
nor the scorching sun. She ate the sim- 
plest food and shared whatever she had 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



163 



with some less fortunate. She went about 
cheerfully, always singing, smiling, 
never complaining. 

Had she remained with her Mexican 
friends she would have had a home of lux- 
ury and ease. All earthly desires would 
have been satisfied. To all this she turned 
her back, took up her cross and followed 
in her Master's footsteps. Should we 
call it sacrifice? She never did, but al- 
ways rejoiced that she was called worthy 
to suffer with Him. 

As the end of her second year's serv- 
ice was drawing near she was taken with 
fever. For two weeks she suffered pa- 
tiently. In late October the death angel 
came and our dear sister went to her re- 
ward. Our loss seemed greater than we 
could bear. Yet our hearts were com- 
forted in the knowledge that our heaven- 
ly Father does all things well. Though 
our sister is gone, her beautiful works 
live on. She was a second Dorcas to her 
village people. We thank God for hav- 
ing lent this sweet life to us for a short 
time. ' 

Who will take up the work laid down 
by this noble woman? Who, oh, who in 
the dear home land will make possible the 
education and training of others ? India 
needs today ten thousand noble, educated, 




RutuaTbai. 

holy women, such as was our beloved sis- 
ter. What grander thing could one do 
than to establish a girl's scholarship in 
the name of our departed sister? Who 
will be the first to answer the call ? 
Ahwa, Dang Forests, India. 



NOTES FROM RAJ PIPLA STATE 

E. H. Eby 



E have very many rea- 
sons to thank our 
heavenly Father for 
all He has wrought 
among us during the 
last few months. Un- 
d e r His guidance 
more has been accom- 
plished in the last two 
months than was done 
in that many years be- 
fore. Those were years of preparation, 
not only of ourselves but of the people as 




well. Before the sowing of the seed there 
must be the stirring up of the soil. So 
while we prayed and worked with ap- 
parently nothing to show for our work, 
we can see now that the Lord was at 
work in hidden and quiet ways, so that 
now we can only stand and praise Him. 
We see how very little we could do of 
ourselves and how much the Lord has 
done. To be sure He had given us the 
first fruits during the last year, and for 
that we were very thankful, but the work 
was much hindered by persecution, even 



164 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



stopped in places where we had been 
most hopeful for an early fruitage. At 
another of the out stations conditions 
were so hard that it seemed impossible 
to get any sort of a foothold. Now at 
that very station there are bright hopes 
for early and abundant harvest of souls. 
A night school is doing good work and 
the presence of a trusty teacher inspires 
courage in the hearts of the timid people. 
How we held on to God and depended on 
.Him to stretch out His arm of power 
and to establish His work, even there in 
that hard place. He has done it and there 
are now several seekers preparing for 
baptism. 

A year ago in one of our preaching 
tours we rode one night through a forest 
fire into a large village where we were 
to stay over night. It was dark, but soon 
the people knew we were in the village, 
for my men went out to call the people 
together. While thus they were prepar- 
ing for the work, I went out under a 
large tree and knelt down to ask God for 
His blessing on that village and on the 
evening work. While praying I was giv- 
en a strong assurance that that very vil- 
lage would one day be our own for Jesus. 
And with great joy and peace in my 
heart I went to meet the crowd of curi- 
ous people who had gathered round our 
night's lodging place on the veranda of 
the head man of the village. We gave 
our message to them and the next day 
passed on. That village was the object 
of special prayer many times after that. 
A year passed and we went back to that 
village to spend a couple of days and 
nights. How vivid in my mind was the 
memory of the events of a year ago ! 
This time I told my workers of my for- 
mer experience in this village, and they 
took new courage. This time we were 
not strangers, for the people remembered 
our former visit. Large crowds of peo- 
ple, women as well as men, gathered each 
evening to listen and to see the picture 
lesson charts which we had hune on the 



wall of the house. House-to-house 
visits were made and many fervent pray- 
ers offered for this village. Before we 
left the head man had offered us a very 
nice piece of ground and promised to 
build a house for a teacher if we would 
send one. This we agreed to do and at 
once we committed the choosing of the 
man into the hands of Him whose it is 
to send workers into the harvest. In due 
time there were two volunteers who of- 
fered to go and live there. For just this 
I had hoped. They were sent and now 
not only in that village but in another 
schools are in a nourishing condition and 
the work is as promising as we could 
hope. 

Nandod, the capital city of this native 
State, has been the object" of our desires 
and prayers for many years. But it 
seemed unadvisable to occupy it, owing 
to the uncertain attitude of the native 
government, so we have been waiting. 
One day last September a brother of the 
native king greeted me as I stood on the 
railway station at Jhagadia, and asked 
me to come to Nandod and call on him ; 
that he would help me to arrange for the 
occupation of Nandod. Well, it was so 
unexpected that I scarce knew how to 
take it. But I could not but remember his 
invitation, so a short time ago, having 
business in Nandod, I went to call on the 
prince. We spent an hour in most lively 
conversation on the subject of mission 
aims and methods. He manifested an 
unusual degree of interest. He did not 
at this time take me before the king, but 
he expressed his desire that our mission 
might have a resident in the royal city. 
Besides this he urged me very strongly to 
put a native teacher in a certain village 
over which he exercises personal control. 
He agreed to remove every possible ob- 
struction and to help us all he can. I 
regard this as a long step in the direction 
of the permanent occupation of Nandod. 
I give God all the glory for this manifest 
leading and as soon as possible a suitable 



May 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



165 



Christian teacher and his wife will be put 
in the prince's village. 

Quite as unexpected as the above 
events is the work which has recently 
opened in two villages which were the 
recipients of frequent visits from one of 
our faithful native evangelists. En- 
quirers were developed in both places 
before I was called to visit them, and 
so manifest was the interest and so per- 
sistent the calls for teachers that they 
could not be put off. In both schools are 



now running, while the inquirers are 
preparing for baptism. We ask you to 
join us in thanksgiving to our kind 
heavenly Father for this, His gracious 
work. With your praises and prayers we 
may confidently expect an abundant har- 
vest for the Lord from among these op- 
pressed and ignorant Bhils, and that not 
so far in the future. I tell it to magnify 
the name of our God. It is nothing we 
have done. His is the power and to Him 
be all the a:lory, ever more. Amen. 



VYARA NOTES 



A. W. Ross 




HE work of the mis- 
sionary is many-sided 
and often such as to 
compel the missionary 
to do things he never 
anticipated doing, 
nor did he think he 
ever could do. Deal- 
ing with a class of 
people who have come 
through centuries of 
heathenism, superstition, and in many 
cases practical slavery, brings with it a 
multitude of problems at once foreign 
to the thought and ideal of the mission- 
ary reared in a Christian land. Too often 
through the influence of conditions over 
which he has no control the missionary 
on furlough is quite a different man from 
the missionary under appointment just a 
few years previous. His manner of life, 
his countenance, his attitude, have 
changed. Unconsciously the change has 
come. Circumstances drive him to do 
things against his will. It is trying to 
the missionary. He galls under it. Un- 
less very careful he becomes a nervous 
wreck under the strain. It is hard to 
think of, and yet too often it is true. 
It is no easy task to leave relatives, 



friends and the pleasant surroundings of 
the home land, but from a spiritual stand- 
point it is infinitely harder for one to 
meet the conditions of the foreign field 
and keep a level head, together with a 
spirituality worthy of a missionary. 
Temptations there are which he never 
heard or dreamed of. He must ever be 
alert, lest in trying to save others he him- 
self becomes a castaway. 

Bro. Long and I had a most pleasant 
and profitable trip to South India, visit- 
ing about a dozen of the large and suc- 
cessful missions in those parts. What we 
saw gave us a new vision of the extent 
of the work and what God has in store 
for us as a mission if we are faithful to 
the cause we represent. Though not un- 
mindful of the fact that the devil is ever 
alert and seeking to put in his licks, yet 
for the time we were wont to look into 
the future and see the Indian church 
large in numbers and strong in the faith. 

But scarcely had we gotten to the ho- 
tel in Bombay on our return journey 
when we heard that the devil was kicking 
where we were least expecting, and that 
some things were needing our immediate 
attention. We hurried home, sad that a 
worker so prominent had fallen, though 



166 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



we felt not the least discouraged. Never 
has there been a great work done which 
at times had not its trials and hard times. 

Some people can see nothing but their 
own good. They are even willing to see 
the other fellow lose to make their own 
gain. Unfortunately we had one such in 
the farming village. If need be he was 
even determined to ruin the other fellow. 
After trying my best to get him to do 
differently I reported the case to the gov- 
ernment officials and prepared to put the 
man out of the village. Before, thinking 
to guy me, -he said that if I would give 
him leave he would clear out. I said 
nothing in way of giving him a hint of 
my intentions, waiting till the way was 
clear. The order from the government 
came. I went and told him that nOw since 
he had asked leave I had decided to ac- 
cept his proposition, since he was unable 
to live in peace with others. Putting on 
an air of delight and satisfaction he began 
to thank me for bestowing on him such a 
privilege. I knew it was all bosh. I told 
him to go and get'his things ready and in 
a short time we would be off for Vyara. 
His head fell. He began to make ex- 
cuses and finally to plead. It was no use. 
We had suffered loss long enough. He 
must go and go he did, though the task 
for me was not a pleasant one. Time 
after time do we have it brought forci- 
bly to us that " the way of the transgres- 
sor is hard." In India, or at home, it is 
the same story. 

During December the people of a cer- 
tain village gave us some splendid hear- 
ings for a few times and the outlook was 
most hopeful, but through the influence 
of a Parsee liquor seller the tide turned. 
The most influential and well to do man 
of the village was set against us, causing 
the whole village to falter for the time. 
But we believe that the door will open. 
Several of the village have expressed 
themselves as favorable and we believe 
that right will prevail. 

On Monday evening, Dec. 27, our little 



church was organized. Bro. Stover was 
here to assist us in the organization. Bro. 
Pittenger also, on his way to committee 
meeting, stopped with us and gave us his 
assistance. Bro. Blough was chosen to 
be our elder. The same evening we had 
a most pleasant love feast together. It 
was the first love feast for some of our 
people, and they enjoyed it much. 

The first of this month Sister Ross, 
Baby Nina and I enjo}'ed several days 
with our farming village people at Chak- 
dara. At this time we succeeded in get- 
ting the school in running order again. 
Upon the slightest excuses the people 
will *keep their children away from 
school, neither child nor parent realizing 
the value of an education. 

Last Monday morning, taking tent and 
outfit, I went to the Songhad side where 
I spent several days most profitably in an 
outvillage. The second day I baptized 
seven men, the first group of people yet 
received in this immediate territory. Five 
of them are young men, while two are 
about middle age. One is a very influen- 
tial man among his people and well to do. 
He is bright though unlettered, and if 
faithful can be used much among his 
own people. 

Up to two years ago he was the terror 
of his community, a veritable drunkard, 
and when under the influence of liquor 
hesitated not to attack even the officers 
and police. Once he was on the point 
of chopping off his wife's legs and arms, 
when some one stepped in and took him 
off. Seeing the error of his way he quit 
drinking and later the worshiping of 
idols, save in the case at the time of pre- 
paring his thrashing floor. This being 
so closely associated with the source of 
his daily rations he hesitated to break 
away from that. 

Even now it is a trial for him, but we 
trust that the end has come and that from 
now on he will be a light among his peo- 
ple, leading them, too, to the Savior. 
However, like as Paul said : " An effec- 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



167 



tual door is opened." But there are many 
adversaries. No sooner is it noised about 
that he and the others have become 
Christians than the liquor sellers, money 
lenders, officials and others will try to 
turn him back. Enemies of righteousness 
they too often are. 

In all the work we are happy and 



never once discouraged, though at times 
the way seems stony and hard. How 
comforting are the words, " The eyes of 
the Lord are over the righteous and His 
ears are open to their cries." 

Vyara, Surat District, India, Jan. 22, 
'10. 



IN A CHINESE KINDERGARTEN 




U B L I C - kindergar- 
ten in the heart of 
China! Just think of 
it ! Is it possible that 
only a couple of years 
ago China abolished 
her old system of edu- 
cation and now even 
in this distant city, 
there are about a hun- 
dred schools of per- 
haps three thousand students? In most 
of the schools some English or Japanese 
or foreign-trained teachers are giving in- 
struction in foreign education. Among 
these schools are a university, a law 
school and a kindergarten. 

This last-named institution we had 
the privilege of visiting the other day. It 
is built on a gentle hillslope. Its scrupu- 
lously clean courts are overhung by mag- 
nificent old trees. Artistic towers and 
pavilions make the courts delightful play- 
grounds for the children. Brick-paved 
walks lead through all the pretty courts, 
and as you wander along them beneath 
the shady trees you find yourself wish- 
ing you were a teacher or playfellow 
among these queer little fairies or elfs or 
brownies, as you may please to call them. 
The principal teacher has been trained 
at a mission school at Shanghai. She can 
talk some English, and enjoys being with 
foreigners. By this delightfully modest 
young woman we were very courteously 
made acquainted with the work. In the 



cheery classrooms they were doing work 
much the same as in America — tracing, 
drawing, mat weaving, paper folding, 
and toothpick work, all beautifully ac- 
complished. They also learn to read 
from illustrated primers, so entirely dif- 
ferent from the usual method of teach- 
ing. Formerly children committed as 
many as ten books to memory without 
knowing their meaning until they came 
to the higher grades. Their memory is 
prodigious, but teachers say it is the 
curse of the nation for it is so easy to 
commit that they won't use their reason- 
ing powers, but get everything by rote. 
As we passed along the walk these dear 
little brownies (both boys and girls in 
wadded pants and jackets) lined both 
sides of our path with their smiles. Soon 
we came to the large guest hall and were 
placed at a large table containing tea and 
fruit — oranges, grapes, dates and many 
other kinds. About the same time the 
hall filled with children, who began to 
sing and march. One girl, a little larger 
than the rest, had charge of them, the 
teacher seldom doing anything. They 
gave a wand drill and a flag drill, also 
many motion songs and even sang a 
song, using the notes and giving perfect 
tones. They kept this up for more than 
half an hour, and enjoyed every moment. 
But it was no easier for them to keep out 
of mischief than American children. The 
girl who was leading them used her 
wand on a couple of pairs of wadded 
pants with good effect. 



168 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 

1910 



Lastly, some of the girls sang a num- 
ber of hymns — " Precious Jewels," " Je- 
sus Loves Me," and several others. Their 
voices are very sweet. Then the chil- 
dren marched out, but many did not want 
to stay out. They would gladly have 
done more, for they were glad to show 
what they could do. 

But all this time the tea and fruit were 
left untouched. The hostess had taken 
nothing, nor had she offered us anything. 
It was time for me to leave, and I 
thought it would be rude not to eat 
something. I wondered why she did not 
invite us to take something. I was 
really very much embarrassed, the Chi- 
nese are so very polite and go so much 
on formality. I did not want to be rude, 
although I was ignorant. I began to 
think over all the books of Chinese eti- 



quette that I had ever read and came to 

the conclusion that I, being the only 
English guest, and therefore the most 
distinguished, must act as hostess or we 
would sit here all night. So I went bold- 
ly to work and passed some fruit and 
sipped some tea and urged them to eat 
in Chinese fashion, and things went mer- 
rily. The tea was the most delicious ever 
drank. Besides the taste of tea it had a 
delicious flavor, resembling the perfume 
of delicate roses. 

I suppose I struck the right plan, for 
I was then permitted to leave, and today 
when I met the girls at church they 
seemed very glad to see me and we shook 
hands foreign way for the first time. 
They are Christian girls, so I feel we are 
eood friends now. E. H. 



A BIT OF CHINESE CHRISTIANITY 

F. H. Crumpacker 




FEW months ago I 
was privileged to see 
what I thought was a 
full growth of Chris- 
tian development in 
that Chinese w a y. 
Several years ago one 
of China's unfortu- 
nate tubercular wom- 
en was at the point of 
death. As a last re- 
sort she with her husband went to the 
foreign doctor. They wanted her to get 
well, but were not able to pay for any 
treatment of any kind. The doctor told 
them that she was in a critical condition 
and all that would save life in her case 
would be the amputation of the limb. 
The Chinese are terribly afraid of the 
surgeon's knife, and in the face of death 
she refused to allow the foreign doctor 
to apply his knife. 

Time went on and the doctor forgrot 



all about the poor woman, for so often 
cases had turned out this way. Nearly a 
year later there came the family again to 
the hospital. The woman was a skeleton, 
made so by the disease and the extreme 
poverty in which they lived. Now the 
doctor told them that he thought there 
was no hope, but if there was any it 
would be in the amputation of the limb. 
She finally was prevailed on to submit. 
The operation was performed and she 
was kept in the hospital for a time. Her 
family came often, in fact the father, hus- 
band, stayed around the premises most 
of the time. Though he could not do 
much to help her he could come under 
the influence of the religious teaching 
that was going on there. The woman 
was receiving a bit of the teaching also, 
and all the time there was slowly enter- 
ing her slow dull mind a knowledge of 
the Savior. The nurses and the doctor 
prayed daily for this woman to be healed. 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



169 



In course of time she did get better and 
finally was healed of the physical diseases 
entirely. 

More than this, she had found a Sav- 
ior. She really began to love the Lord. 
She was so grateful to the doctor for the 
help she received. She for a long time — 
in fact still is of the same mind. She 
wants to repay them somehow. She has 
nothing at all to pay with. They are the 
poorest of the poor. They keep a little 
camel inn on one of the trails that lead 
to the mountains. Her Christian spirit 
is constantly shining out. She is busy 
teaching all that she knows to her neigh- 
bors. She now has a wooden leg and has 
a hard time to get around, but she is hap- 
py in it all. Some time ago the son of the 
doctor who healed her was in the moun- 
tains near where she lived, taking a hunt. 
He found it convenient to keep his sup- 
plies with this woman in the little old 
inn. He was in the neighborhood for 
several days. As he was about to leave 
he paid to the woman much more than 
would have been expected in the average 
inn. This seemed to affect the good old 
Christian woman more than she could 
bear. She said she could not take the 
money at all. The young man insisted, 
but she still refused. He started to leave, 
not taking back the money. Then this 
good old woman began to cry as though 
her heart was broken. She sobbed out — 
how could she take money from the peo- 
ple who had saved her life? She cried 
and cried till the voung - man would come 



back and take his money. She said she 
could not take money from the preachers 
and doctors. 

Not long ago I was privileged to see 
this good old woman. They live about 
twelve miles from the place of preaching, 
but some of the family get to the service 
at least every two weeks. I spent the 
Sunday with the missionaries where these 
people come to church. Then on Mon- 
day morning we were to go past their 
little inn on the way to the mountainous 
country that we were looking over. They 
have no way to go to church only on 
foot. The father had walked down to 
the church on Sunday morning and was 
walking back on Monday morn as we 
went the same way. We planned to take 
our dinner in the village just before we 
got to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Black, 
for this is their name. After our bowls 
of dough strings were eaten we walked 
on ahead of our packs to spend a few 
minutes with these people. The crippled 
mother heard that the foreign preachers 
were coming, and when we were yet 
quite a distance away she came hobbling 
to meet and welcome us. This is entire- 
ly in opposition to Chinese custom for a 
woman to come out to meet men. The 
Christian doctrine makes it different, and 
so this woman came to meet us as though 
we were her old friends. She insisted 
that we drink tea, but we drank only hot 
water. I think the Gospel will make the 
greed for gain flee awav. Don't you ? 
Tai Yuan Fit, Shan si, China. 



EDITORIAL COMMENT. 

(Continued from Page 173.) 

of those who have faithfully fought the 
fight of faith and have stood unflinchingly 
for the right as God gave them to see the 
right. . . . We have not hasted to 
give recognition to the good qualities of 
the fathers, for only in recent years has 
biography become a recognized fact in 
our church literature. And so we gladly 
welcome the biography of one of our 



great leaders of the Church, a man who 
left a deep impress upon her work dur- 
ing the last half of the nineteenth cen- 
tury." 

Readers now and then miss in buying 
a good book. There need be no fears 
here. Parents and children alike will be 
the better for having read this biography. 

$1.00 postpaid. Address Brethren 
Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 



170 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



A TRIP TO DHAMTARI 

Kathryn Ziegler 




N Feb. 15 Sister Ross 
and the writer left our 
homes to visit the 
Mennonite Brethren 
Mission at the above- 
named place. Dham- 
tari is a station on a 
branch road of the 
one leading from 
Bombay to Calcutta. 
Dhamtari is the only 
raliroad station in their mission. It's a 
distance of about six hundred miles from 
here. Going we passed through a great 
deal of wheat-growing country and how 
delighted we were to see the fields of the 
waving grain ! At some places it had 
been harvested, and quite a number of 
gleaners were seen in the field. This 
made us think of a beautiful Bible pic- 
ture, that of Ruth, the Moabitess, glean- 
ing after the reapers. 

After two and one-half days we ar- 
rived at Dhamtari and were taken to the 
home of Brother George C. Lapps, at 
Rudri. Brother Kauffmans are also at 
the same mission station. Here they have 
a boys' orphanage of one hundred and 
fifteen boys. In connection with the reg- 
ular school work they also have an in- 
dustrial school. To oversee this, and 
some outside work, makes plenty of work. 
Brother M. C. Lapp, a brother of 
George C. Lapp, lives seven miles from 
Dhamtari, at Blodgahan. Brother Lapp 
is engaged in village work and finds both 
encouragement as well as some dis- 
couragement in his work. 

One family lives twenty-eight miles 
away. We did not visit there. The work 
has just lately been opened. Five of their 
missionaries live at Sundarganj, very 
close to Dhamtari. At Sundarganj they 
have a girls' orphanage of one hundred 



and twenty-eight girls. Sister Shirtz, 
who is now on her furlough, has charge 
of them. During her absence Sister 
Harder and Brother Lehman and wife 
have charge of them. Brother Lehman 
also teaches the Bible in an English boys' 
school. This is a school of all heathen 
boys. So far none have been won for 
Christ, but we believe that the implant- 
ing of these Bible truths will in time to 
come bring glorious results. 

Sisters Burkhart and Stalter are en- 
gaged in zenana work. By the sisters 
entering the homes of the natives many 
women are reached that could not be 
reached any other way. 

The Mennonite Brethren also have 
charge of a leper asylum supported by 
the East India Leper Association. The 
government also allows forty cents a 
month for each inmate, and occasionally 
small gifts are received from individuals. 
There are one hundred and thirty-three 
inmates in the asylum. We attended 
services there, and they appreciated our 
presence much. One's heart is touched 
to see them in such a pitiful condition. 
As we visited their homes they warned 
us not to touch anything ; in other words 
they cry " Unclean, unclean." They are 
unfortunate, and yet blessed because they 
have a home and need not sit by the 
roadside and beg. 

The time came for us to return home, 
feeling- benefited by our visit. We en- 
joyed the Christian fellowship and the 
home-like entertainment, which made us 
feel as if among our own people. 

They opened their work nine years 
ago and in this time have accomplished 
much, but feel as do all who have the 
burden for the saving of the downtrod- 
den race, that more ought to be done. 

March 18, ipio. 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



171 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




C Let us not be weary in well doing, for 
in due season we shall reap if we faint 
not (Gal. 6:9). 

C We do not grow discouraged when 
studying our real activity to find condi- 
tions as the Mirror has now twice re- 
vealed to every one who has read. But 
in contemplating the smallness of our 
effort, compared to what we might do if 
our hearts were in the work, an instance 
like the following is as refreshing as 
sparkling spring water to thirsty lips or 
good news from a far country. In Los 
Angeles, Cal., at 887 East 46th Street, 
lives a brother totally blind, who sup- 
ports himself by selling newspapers. Last 
month he sent $7.80 for World-Wide 
Missions, and this month comes $6.20. 
It is not known on what basis he does his 
giving, and that is not necessary. But 
perhaps, oh, I can't help but feel sure 
that if the Master stood over against the 
treasury of the General Board and saw 
the gifts from those who owned broad 
acres, rode rapidly in automobiles, or fine 
carriages, lived luxuriously in good 
houses and deprived themselves of noth- 
ing for the sake of the Gospel, and He 
saw these two donations cast in, He cer- 
tainlv would make some remark. What 
would it be? Well, reader, answer it as 
far as it should touch your life, and it 
will be well. 

C Know ye not, that to whom ye yield 
yourselves servants to obey, his servants 
ye are to whom ye obey ; whether of sin 
unto death, or of obedience unto right- 
eousness (Rom. 6 : 16) ? 
C God surely blesses the little workers 
in His vineyard as well as the large ones. 



There is something to be admired in Sun- 
day-school classes of boys and girls who 
are willing to weed garden or hoe or 
labor in other ways during the hot sum- 
mer sun, and then willingly give the re- 
turns to aid some heathen child in a far- 
off land. This is what was done during 
the past year by two classes of the Dallas 
Center Sunday school, Dallas Center, 
Iowa. No one knows the great good that 
their little dark-skinned brother, whom 
they support in far-off India, will be able 
to accomplish in days to come. We must 
admire the sacrifice of these children, 
which sometimes far surpasses those 
much older in years. 
C Therefore, my brethren dearly be- 
loved and longed for, my joy and 
crown, so stand fast in the Lord, my 
dearly beloved (Philpp. 4:1). 
C Not long since we received $4.00 to 
be credited to a little girl of two years, 
who had gone to take her place in the 
jeweled crown of the great King. This 
money was in her little bank and the par- 
ents wished it to go to some mission- 
work. Two dollars will help some little 
Indian orphan, while two dollars will aid 
in the salvation of China's millions. 
Thus they come and thus they go, and 
the little amount of this little child shall 
accomplish its great good in the world. 
Fathers and mothers do well to foster 
that spirit of willingness to give, when 
the child is small. 

C Brethren, be not weary in well doing 
(2Thess. 2:15). 

C It is with great regret that the an- 
nouncement has gone forth that George 
Hilton and wife and son are returning 



172 



The Missionary Visitor 



Mav 
1910 



from their China field on account of 
Brother Hilton's health. Few will ever 
know how long and patiently Brother 
George has fought against what has 
proven to be chronic dysentery. His let- 
ters as far as received indicated hopes 
yet of recovery even after living on baby 
foods for upwards of nine months. How- 
ever, a cablegram reached the Mission 
Rooms the latter part of last month, an- 
nouncing their return at once and one 
may conclude justly that as far as stay- 
ing in China is concerned he could not 
hope to be cured. Bro. Crumpacker 
writes how readily Bro. Hilton acquired 
the language, and it is hoped that a stay 
more or less prolonged in the home land 
will recover health so that they may re- 
turn to their chosen field. 
C If they escaped not who refused him 
that spake on earth, much more shall not 
we escape, if we turn away from him that 
speaketh from heaven (Heb. 12:25). 
C " Good-bye, God bless you. Brother 
and Sister Lichty." These are the words 
that have greeted their ears recently, for 
on Saturday, April 30, they sailed for 
India on the steamer Duca Di Genova of 
the Navigazione Generale Italiana. They 
are scheduled to leave Naples May 18 
and should reach Bombay about June 1. 
Their stay has been long and short. — 
long when they thought of their work at 
home in India, — short as they spent the 
days here among their friends. 
C It is good for a man that he bear the 
yoke in his youth (Lam. 3 : 27). 
C "If I become a missionary must I stay 
for life?" That is the question some- 
times asked. It is rather an amusing one, 
for it has been the observation without 
exception that once in service, the heart 
wants nothing else. So unvarying is this 
the law of the kingdom that one may be 
assured if he will give his heart fully to 
service on the mission field for one term, 
only necessity of the sternest command 
will ever take him from the field perma- 
nentlv. Don't trouble vourselves about the 



" lifetime " part of the proposition. Just 
say " Here am I ; send me," and the Lord 
and the field will take care of the rest. 
C To them who by patient continuance 
in well doing seek for glory and honour 
and immortalitv, eternal life (Rom. 
2:7). 

C One of our missionaries on the field 
writes thus : " It makes me thoroughly 
ashamed when I see any reference to our 
privations or sacrifices mentioned in our 
papers. We're making none. If we were 
why should it be heralded abroad? We 
have only joy when we see what Jesus 
has done for us. All our petty ills and 
what we sometimes call inconveniences 
sink into insignificance when we see the 
needs of these poor people and realize 
something of the fullness of His love for 
them." That is Christlike and good. But 
how about the church members at home, 
who make no sacrifice ? Might it not be 
well to try to provoke some of them to 
some sacrifice through the sacrifices of 
frontier heathen lands which the mission- 
ary endures ? 

C Spend twelve or fourteen days at sea : 
let the voyage be rather rough ; approach 
New York so close to the end of the day 
that you are just too late to enter harbor 
and must anchor outside all night. That 
was the situation of Brother and Sister 
Berkebile and Sister Quinter upon their 
arrival at New York last month. On the 
shore in the Brooklyn church was a love 
feast going on they expected to attend. 
At this feast were loved ones who were 
waiting to srreet them. And there were 
letters from others who could not meef; 
them. Could you lie down, reader, and 
go to sleep one more night without first 
picturing what might have been had the 
boat been an hour or perhaps a half hour 
earlier? 

C Home ! Yes, with father and mother 
in the one instance, with mother in the 
other. These are now the experiences of 
the missionaries just home on furlough. 
Thev have said little save that thoughts 



May 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



173 



of the field seem to stand foremost in the 
mind. It is hoped that nothing- in the 
home land will mar the joys of the fur- 
lough, and refreshed and strengthened 
they will return to their labors one year 
hence. 

C Yes, there are active, wide-awake 
churches among the Brethren. Here is 
one city church with a membership of 
about twoscore with the following items 
to its credit, and note what a vast field 
of endeavor is covered : 

World-Wide Missions, $ 79 21 

District Missions, 38 00 

Bethany 110 36 

Sunday-school offerings 161 51 

Home expenses, 5 115 00 

Kansas City Church, 40 25 

Series of meetings, 51 75 

Old Folks' Home, 16 00 

Birthday offerings, 10 61 

Western Seaman, 5.00 

Part of District Meeting offering, . 130 00 
Total, $757 69 

It is not needful to locate this congre- 
gation. The lesson is to " go and do 
likewise." 

C There has just come from the press 
of our Publishing House a book of more 
than ordinary interest to every member 
of the Church of the Brethren. For the 
men who are becoming active in the af- 
fairs of the church today have only a 
meager knowledge of one so strong, so 
logical, so forcible and so clear in all his 
work for Christ as Robert H. Miller, the 
debater, the minister, the humble follower 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. Bro. Otho Win- 
ger, professor of history and philosophy 
in Manchester College, of Indiana, 
has with great care and marked ability 
prepared a biography of Bro. Miller that 
should be in the home of every Christian. 
The contents indicate a splendid range, — 
early life and ministry, debates, editorial 
work, educational work, " division," Bro. 
Miller in Annual Meeting, as a preacher, 
selected sermons, later life and death, 
contemporaries. This last chapter is 
unique, because it gives to the reader 
some idea of those leaders with whom he 
worked. The list comprises such effect- 



ual men as George Wolfe, John Kline, 
Henry Kurtz, Henry Davy, B. F. Moo- 
maw, John Metzger, D. P. Savior, James 
Ouinter, Enoch Eby, John Wise, James 
R. Gish, S. S. Mohler, D. Vaniman. 

The author in his preface speaks thus : 
" The Church of the Brethren has pro- 
duced great men ; not great in the eyes of 
the world, but in depth of soul, largeness 
of heart, breadth of intellect and sincere 
devotion to a noble cause, they are peers 
of many whose names are prominent on 
the pages of history. The author believes 
that to know more of these men and their 
labors will create a greater love for the 
church, and fire the heart with zeal for 
better service." 

Bishop D. L. Miller very fittingly in 
his introduction says : " The very best 
legacy a man can leave to posterity is the 
heritage of a pure life, a good name and 
duty well and faithfully done, and it is 
our duty to see that such names and such 
men are not forgotten. . . . We 
need to be taught to revere the memories 

(Continued on Page 169.) 

BRETHREN SUNDAY-SCHOOL EXTENSION 
OP CHICAGO. 

The Extension acknowledges the following 
contributions during the month of March, 
1910: 

Building 1 Fund. 

California. — Mrs. J. P. Thomas, Inglewood, 
$10. Indiana. — Katie Neher, Flora, $25; Alphe- 
us Neff, New Paris, $10. Total, $35. Ne- 
braska. — Jno. D. Lemon, Juniata. $3.25; J. P. 
Ward, Litchfield, $5. Total, $S.25. Michigran. 
— Martha Whitmer, Beaverton, $5. North. Da- 
kota. — C. E. Dresher, Surrey, $10. Formerly 
reported to General Fund and transferred at 
request of the donors, $36.95. 

Collections Extension. No. 2, $8.34. 

Pledges to Building Fund for March, $658.50. 

Total to ^Building Fund for the month, 
$772.88. 

Grand total cash and pledges to date, 
$3194.47. 

General Fund. 

Illinois. — Dow A. Ridgeley, Parkersburg, 75 
cents. Indiana. — Levi Brumbaugh, Goshen 
$7.15; Doratha Foote, North Liberty. $1.85 
Total, $9. Iowa. — J. B. Barnhart, Garrison 
$5. Kansas. — Julia Mohler, Quinter, $6:45 
Ohio. — Phares Longanecker. Castine, $12.77 
Mrs. J. Q. Erbaugh, New Lebanon, $6; Mrs 
D. R. McFadden, Smithville, $2.25. Total 
$21.02. Oregon. — Z. P. Webster, Talent, $3 
Washington. — P.. A. Wise, North Yakima, $5 
Wisconsin. — Mollie Barton, Hillsdale, $2.75 
Total to General Fund for March, $52.97. 

If your remittance is not found in the fund 
for which it was intended kindly notify us at 
once so that it may be transferred. Only 
amounts so specified are credited to the Build- 
ing Fund. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treas. 

1811 Clifton Park Ave., April 5, 1910. 



174 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



Financial Report 

FORM OF LEGACY.— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to ths General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 

COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR THE VISITOR, FOR MARCH, 1910. 

March March Apr.-March Apr. -March Inc. Dec. 

1909 1910 1909 1910 

World-Wide, $1,177 82 $ 861 64 $11,161 98 $25,118 13 $13,956 15 

India, 576 99 559 69 3,730 48 4,613 87 883 39 

Brooklyn, M. H., . . 12 00 287 17 $ 287 17 

Miscellaneous, .... 113 11 7150 659 64 920 19 260 55 



Bicentennial, 



$1,879 92 $1,492 83 $15,839 27 $30,652 19 $14,812 92 

31,180 23 $31,180 23 

$1,879 92 $1,492 83 $47,019 50 $30,652 19 $16,367 31 



The General Mission Board acknowledges the 
receipt of the following donations for the 
month of March, 1910: 

WORLD-WIDE MISSIONS. 
Pennsylvania, — $265.00. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Spring Creek, $74.36; Elizabeth- 
town, $59.04; Chicques, $27; Mingo, 
$18.55; West Conestoga, $12; Mount- 

ville, $10.45; Spring Grove, $5, $ 206 40 

Individuals. 

Susannah Hutchison, $5; John S. 
Showers, $5; Ella G. Famous, $2; G 
M. Moyer, $1; Theodore Forney, $1, . . 14 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

J. R. Davis, $5; Washington 

Strauser, $1, 6 00 

Western District, Congregations. 

Husband — Middle Creek, $14.10; 

Georges Creek, $10, 24 10 

Individuals. 

D. L. Miller, t6; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. 
Reiman, $5; Amanda Roddy, $2; 
Joseph Holsopple, $1; N. H. Blough 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 14 50 

Iowa — $95.86. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

C. A. Shook, $2; Julia A. Sheller, 
$2; W. H. Hood (marriage notice), 

50 cents, 4 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Cedar Rapids, 37 86 

Individuals. 

Joseph Newcomer, $6.50; Minnie 

Haight, $5; L. S. Snyder, $2, 13 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River 20 00 

Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 20 00 



Tirginia — $82.23. 

Second District $ 74 09 

Individuals. 

T. S. Moherman, $1.80; P. S. Thom- 
as, $1.50; Susan Wine, $1.47; J. W. 
Harnsberger, $1; A. W. Diehl, 75 
cents; Bettie Harnsberger, 72 cents; 
Jacob H. Cline, 60 cents; E. G. Wine, 

15 cents; S. N. Wine, 15 cents 8 14 

Ohio — $71.33. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Ashland, $20.27; Black River, $10; 

Chippewa, $7.16, 37 43 

Individual. 

T. M. Stump i 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Green Spring, 13 60 

Individuals. 

S. Kotterman, and Lydia Farner, . . 8 Oft 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother, Dayton, $9.60; S. B. 
Christian, $1.20; Chas. L. Flory (mar- 
riage notice). 50 cents, 11 30 

Kansas — $66.13. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Sophie Funderburgh, 60 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Birthday Offerings, Hutchinson 

Mission, 3 63 

Individuals. 

Wm. B. Himes, $2; J. J. Toder (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, 2 50 

Idaho— $61 .00. 
Congregation. 

Nezperce 55 00 

Individuals. 

"B. V.," $5; "L. G," $1 6 00 

Indiana — -$53.19. 

Northern District, Congregation. 



May 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



175 



Tippecanoe, $ 7 25 

Individuals. 

I. S. Grady, $1.65; Etta Elson, $1; 
W. R. Deeter for Peter Troup, $1; 
J. "W. Grater (marriage notice), 50 

cents 4 15 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Upper Deer Creek, $20.82; Soon 

Creek — Salimonie, $9 29 82 

Sunday School. 

Burnetts Creek 7 22 

Individuals. 

Frank Fisher 1 75 

Southern District, Individuals. 

James A. Eyer, $2; Mrs. David 

Miller, $1, 3 00 

Maryland — $42.53. 

Eastern District, Sundavs Schools. 

Meadow Branch, $20; Rocky Ridge, 

$5.35 25 35 

Individual. 

Mary A. Royer, 1 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View — Brownsville 10 18 

Individual. 

Susie M. Hout, 1 00 

Western District, Individual. 

J. W. Beeghley, 5 00 

Illinois — $44.24. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Polo, $14.69; Pine Creek, $11.30, .. 25 99 

Individuals. 

"A Sister, Elgin," $5; Joseph Ar- 
nold and wife, $1.10; Jacob F. Butter- 
baugh, 50 cents; Lizzie Harnish, 45 

cents, 7 Q5 

Southern District. 

Decatur Mission, 9 20 

Individual. 

Alma M. Crouse 2 00 

Oklah om a — $20.50. 
Individuals. 

C. C. Clark, $15; H. H. Ritter and 
wife, $5; Hannah Neher (marriage 

notice), 50 cents, 20 50 

West Virginia — $17.25. 

First District. Individual. 

Catharine Harper 17 25 

Nebraska — $16.48. 
Congregation. 

Alvo. 12 98 

Individuals. 

D. Vasey, $3; L. L. Meek (marriage 

notice). 50 cents, 3 50 

California — $8.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Wm. Leatherman, $5; D. L. Forney, 

$3 8 00 

Missouri — $4.50. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary Eshelman, $3.50; D. Cline, 

$1, 4 50 

Michigan — $3.90. 
Individuals. 

J. C. Harrison, $2.40; Retta Price, 

$1; Roy E. Miller, 50 cents, 3 90 

Louisiana — $1.25. 
Individual. 

W. B. Woodard, 125 

Wisconsin — $1.0O. 
Individual. 

J. E. Zollers 100 

Montana — $1 .00. 
Individual. 

Harriet Thompson, 1 00 

North Dakota— $0.75. 
Individual 

D. A. Hufford 75 

Minnesota — $0.50. 
Individual. 

Samuel Bowser (marriage notice), 50 

Unknown 5 00 

Total for the month $ 861 64 

Previously received, 24,256 49 

Total for the year $25,118 13 



INDIA ORPHANAGE, 
Pennsylvania— -$126.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Midway— Lebanon S. S., S 16 00 

Individuals. 

Amanda R. Cassel, $20; Elder J. P. 

Hetrick and wife, $16 36 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Spring Run 8 00 

Mrs. Alice E. Long's S. S. Class, 20 00 

Individuals. 

Four Sisters, $20; David S. Koones, 

$20 40 00 

Western District, Sunday School. 

Maple Glen 5 00 

Individual. 

Amanda Roddy, 1 00 

Ohio — $40.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Canton, 40 00 

Kansas — -$33.08. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. G. Blonderfield, 1 30 

Southwestern District, Sundav School. 

Children of Monitor, $25; Slate 

Creek, $6.78 3178 

Nebraska, — $24.50. 
Sunday School. 

Beatrice, 20 00 

Individual. 

A Sister, 4 50 

Colorado— $24.01. 
Sundav School. 

Rocky Ford 24 01 

Illinois — $22.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

"A Sister," $20; Mabel Fiter, De- 
ceased, $2, 22 00 

Iowa. — $21.60. 
Middle District. 

Two classes. Dallas Center S. S., 21 60 

Virginia, — $20.00. 
Second District, Aid Society. 

Bridgewater 20 00 

North Dakota— $20.00. 

Primary Classes, White Rock S. S., 20 00 

Idaho— $20.00. 
Individual. „„ „„ 

"B. V.", 20 00 

District of Columbia— $20.00. 

Individual. nn 

Annie M. Shirey 20 00 

Indiana — $20.00. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Pyrmont, 20 00 

California — $7.80. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Joseph Stephens 7 80 

West Virginia — $1.00. 
First District, Individual. 

An Invalid Sister, 100 

Total for the month, $ 399 99 

Previously received 3.282 53 

Total for year so far $ 3,682 52 

INDIA MD3SION. 
Virginia, — $72.00. 
Second District. „*.'«.» 

Second District of Virginia, $ 52 00 

Congregation. - ■ 

Midland, 20 00 

Washington — $20.00. 

Individuals. . 

Brother and Sister Bates, 20 00 

Oklahoma— $10.00. 
Individual. 

C. C. Clark, 10 00 

Illinois — -$7.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Anonymous 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Geo. Wilson 2 50 

Ohio— ^6.20. 

Southern District. 

Bethel S. S. Primary Classes, Salem 
Congregation 6 20 



176 



The Missionary Visitor 



May 
1910 



Pennsylvania — $6.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

A Brother, $ 5 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy, 100 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

North Dakota — $5.00. 
Individual. 

Geo. D. Bosserman, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 131 70 

Previously received, 725 65 

Total for year so far, $ 857 35 

CHINA MISSION. 
"Washing-ton — $20.00. 

Individuals. 

Brother and Sister Bates, $ 20 00 

Oklahoma — $10.00. 
Individual. 

C. C. Clark, 10 00 

Iowa— $5.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Illinois — $4.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mabel Fiter, Deceased, 2 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Geo. Wilson, 2 50 

Pennsylvania.— -$1.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy 100 

Total for the month, $ 40 50 

Previously received, 535 89 

Total for the year $ 576 39 

INDIA "WIDOWS' HOME. 
Pennsylvania— -$27.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Elder J. P. Hetrick and wife $ 25 00 

Middle District. 

G. W. Kephart, 2 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Mrs. Ollie L. Cross 100 

Total for the month, $ 28 00 

Previously received. 20 00 

Total for the year, $ 48 00 

COLORED MISSION. 
Oklahoma — $2.50. 
Individual. 

C. C. Clark $ 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 2 50 

Previously received, 19 91 

Total for the year $ 22 41 

AFRICAN MISSION. 
Oklahoma — $5.00. 
Individual. 

C. C. Clark $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 1 00 

Total for the year, $ 6 00 

NEW ENGLAND MISSION. 
Oklahoma — $5.00. 
Individual. 
C. C. Clark, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 50 00 

Total for the year $ 55 00 

PHILIPPINE MISSION. 
Oklahoma — $5.00. 

Individual. 

C. C. Clark, $ 5 00 

Total for the year, $ 5 00 



Previously received, $ 

Total for the year, 

CUBA MEETINGHOUSE. 
Iowa — $5.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 



2 00 



7 00 



Total for the month, 
Previously received, 



$ 


5 00 


$ 


5 00 
42 76 



Total for the year 

CUBA MISSION. 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 

Oklahoma — $2.50. 
Individual. 

C. C. Clark, 



47 76 

5 00 
2 50 



Total for the month, 
Previously received, 



Total for the year, , 

CHURCH EXTENSION. 

Maryland — $1.0O. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

W. H. Swan, 



7 50 
110 50 



118 00 



Total for the month 
Previously received, 



$ 


1 00 


1 00 
79 80 



Total for the year 5 SO SO 

DENVER MEETINGHOUSE. 

Denver, Colo., April 6, 1910. Amount of 
money received by Church of the Brethren to- 
ward the completion of the Brethren's church- 
house in Denver, Colo., from Feb. 1, 1910, to 
April 1, 1910: 

J. Henry Miller, Zion, North Dakota, $3; 
G. W. Newcomer, Zion, North Dakota, $5; 
J. O. Bowman, Egeland, North Dakota, $5; 
S. S. Blocher, York, North Dakota, $5; C. E. 
Hoff, Rock Lake, North Dakota, $5; W. H. 
Shirk, La Junta, Colo., $10; Mrs. Jacob M. 
Ritter, Center Square, Pa., 4 cents; O. M. 
Pobst, Frederick, Okla., $5; Mrs. Sarah Brock- 
ets Kenmare, North Dakota. $5; Sam'l Brow- 
er, Newville, North Dakota, $5; Walter Wyant, 
Grenola, Kans., $5; J. W. Fitz, Cando, North 
Dakota, $10.10; A. D. Kesler, Zion, North Da- 
kota, $25; Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Kesler. Zion 



North Dakota, $5 
North Dakota, $5 
North Dakota, $5 



O. A. Kauffman, Williston 
Frank Dollahan, Kenmare 
V. W. Goodman, Thomas 
Okla., $5; J. H. Brubaker, Ellison, North Da- 
kota, $2; Lydia Reiff. McPherson, Kans., $2 
Marv Reiff. McPherson, Kans., $1. 
Total, $113.14. 

H. F Cavlor, Secretary-Treasurer, Building 
Fund Committee, 165 So. Clarkson St., Denver, 
Colo. 

CORRECTIONS. 

In the January Visitor the $9.00 in World- 
Wide Missions that was credited to " Nine 
Members, Huntington " in Middle Indiana re- 
ceipts should have been credited to the follow- 
ing, each one of whom gave $1.00: R. A. Adams, 
Wm. A. Gosler, W. H. Paul, Levi L. Ulrich, 
Ervin Bolinger. Lawrence Shultz, Emery* 
Heaston, Hampton Zook and Clara Bolinger. 

The donation of $16.00 from Waterloo 
Church, Iowa, as reported in India Orphanage 
in the April Visitor should have been credited 
to Waterloo City Aid Society instead of South 
Waterloo. 

The receipts for Cuba Meetinghouse as re- 
ported in the April Visitor should be $42.76 
instead of $52.76. 

During the month of March the General 
Mission Board sent out 91,040 pages of tracts. 

During the year 1909-1910 the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 1,344,072 pages of tracts. 

The $1.50 credited to Mrs. Anna Eben in the 
January Visitor, in Middle Iowa receipts was 
intended for the Publishing House. This has 
been transferred accordingly, leaving amount 
previously reported $24,254.99. 



♦ ♦ MM ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ MM t ♦♦♦♦ MM t ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ t ♦♦♦♦♦♦ M ♦♦♦♦ MM ♦♦♦♦ 



OUR 1910 GENERAL CATALOG 



Lists the newest and best books with careful description of 
each. Fiction, history, science, religion, reform, Sunday school, 
theology, juvenile, etc. 

Bibles and Testaments in Authorized and American Standard 
Versions. Red Letter and German Editions of Bibles and Testa- 
ments. 

A complete line of Sunday-school Reward Cards, Post Cards, 
Post Card Albums and Arat Pictures. 

Requisites for the Sunday-school superintendent, the Primary 
Department, the Cradle Roll, the Home Department, the Teacher- 
training Department, the Chorister, the Librarian, the Secretary 
and the Pupil. In fact everything that one would expect to find in 
an up-to-date church and Sunday-school supply catalogue — and 
much more. 

Write the word " CATALOGUE" on a post card, address and 
mail it to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and receive 
one by return mail. • 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ MM »»♦♦♦♦»♦♦»♦»♦ » ♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 



Let Us Furnish You With All Your Quarterlies 
and Papers Free for One Quarter 

Here are a half dozen Sunday-school helps that you should give a trial. 
Our Introductory Offer applies to one or all of the below named publications. 



BRETHREN TEACHERS' MONTHLY. 
A manual of methods. Comprehensive 
comments on each lesson. Three or more 
copies to one address, 13 cents per quarter, 
or 48 cents per year. Single subscription, 
SO cents per .year. 

ADVANCED QUARTERLY. For Inter- 
mediate and Adult classes. A popular les- 
son help. Single copy, 5 cents. Five or 
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JUVENILE QUARTERLY. The lesson 
clearly and forcefully presented for the 
Primary and Junior Pupils. Numerous il- 
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quarter. 



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trated weekly for boys and girls. Choice 
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CHILDREN AT WORK. An attractive 

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address, per quarter, 3 cents per copy. 



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BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, Elgin, Illinois 



THE LIFE OF 

ELDER R. H. MILLER 

By Otho Winger 

M~\ T Every life is a teacher. The life of a great good man is a 
^J constant uplift to those who come in touch with it person- 
ally, or indirectly through its beneficent influence upon the 
world. Such a life was that of Elder Robert H. Miller. The in- 
fluence of his life will continue though not a syllable of his bi- 
ography were written; yet a true record of it will touch many 
who would otherwise miss the blessing. 

A book containing a history of Elder Miller's activities in the church 
of his choice is just now from the press. The headings of the several 
chapters are these: Early Life and Ministry, Debates, Editorial Work, 
Selections from Editorials, Educational Work, Division, Annual Meeting, 
A Preacher of the Gospel, Selected Sermons, Later Life and Death, 
Contemporaries. 

C Carlyle has well said that the biographies of great men make 
the history of the world. Likewise the history of the church 
is shaped by the great leaders in it. Elder Miller's life is an im- 
portant chapter in the history of the church. The span of his life 
covers a period of time which was full of epoch making events ; 
and in the activities of the brotherhood his strength of character 
and true devotion to the principles of the Gospel figured largely 
and helpfully. Yet the value of the book lies not wholly in the 
historical feature of it, but more, perhaps, in the lessons of hon- 
esty, uprightness, loyalty, labor, devotion, etc., which cannot fail 
to impress the reader and help to a holier and happier life. 

The book contains 269 pages and is neatly bound in cloth. 

Price, postpaid, . «P 1 «00 

Buy the book, read it, have others read it, place it in 
your library for future reference and re-reading. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 

ELGIN, ILL. 




Vol. XII 



JUNE, 1910 



No. 6 




Future Missionaries, think you? 

Special in thi*< Issue, — THE MIEKOE AND REFLECTOR — LOOK AGAIN. 

Fag-es 181-193. 

From a Bishop in Illinois: "A great work in thus bringing the real situation 
Irefore our people. It is valuable as history and will give a view point from which 
to make comparisons in years to come." 

From a leading Bishop in Virginia: "The Mirror strikes the keynote on the 
matter of giving. Certainlv giving is gauged by the elder and the ministers, and 
not by the wealth of the congregations ... So keep hammering away. The point 
is vital." 



W*l 



^ 



IS 111 



Contents for June, 1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT,— 206 

SOME REAL OBJECTIONS TO GOING, By the Editor, 177 

MISSIONARY HYMN, By Eleanor B. Brumbaugh, 180 

THE MIRROR AND REFLECTOR— BEHOLD AGAIN, 181 

AN APPRECIATION, By the Editor, 194 

ESSAYS,— 

The Star of Hope, or, Hopeless Sorrow, By P. H. Jones, 197 

A Bhil Funeral, By Wilbur B. Stover, 199 

Upper and Under Currents, By E. H. Eby, 201 

India Mission Board, By J. M. Blough, 203 

A Bit of Chinese Custom, By F. H. Crumpacker, 204 

A Great Missionary Age, By Ida M. Helm, '. 205 

Sunday School in Denmark, By Karen M. Jorgenson, 267 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 208 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



TEE BOARS. REGULAR MEETINGS. 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. Address all' communications to the 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. BRETHREN GENERAL SCISSION 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois, 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscription*, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U. S. A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 

June, 1910 



Volume XII 



Number 6 



SOME REAL OBJECTIONS 
TO GOING 

By the Editor 



A certain one was appealed to for the 
foreign field. In his reply he said his 
school debt which is upon him would be 
first in his way; second, he felt the need 
of more biblical education; and third, he 
said, " There are three provisions thrust- 
ing themselves upon our consideration, if 
the cause of missions is to be advanced 
by worthy men of the future. First, the 
missionary is needy of a better financial 
support. Secondly, provision should be 
made for the education of the children 
of missionaries. Thirdly, superannuated 
missionaries must be provided for. Some 
of our strongest men in the Brotherhood, 
who have once been volunteers, and 
others who are considering being such, 
are hesitating because of present condi- 
tions. This of course is a situation not 
in direct control of the Mission Board; 
it is a financial question affecting our 
wage-earning laity. Personally I do not 
feel that our missionaries should be asked 
to sacrifice and our home church live 
amid luxury. The missionary enterprise 
dare not become an avenue for financial 
gain. Yet it must enable the individual 
to surround himself with the best mis- 
sionary literature and pedagogy requisite 
to the advancement of the cause. Per- 
sonal comforts, education, and old age 
no less must be cared for." 

The writer of this quotation stands on 
the threshold of the greatest service to 
which any man or woman can give his or 
her life, declaring, " the field is worthy 



of the strongest men our country pro- 
duces." It is not lack of admiration of 
or appeal from the field that is keeping 
this one back. Really, what is keeping 
him back? 

First is his school debt. That has kept 
back more than one for a time and in 
many instances for all time; for when 
young brethren leave college to enter the 
commercial world to pay off their debt 
quickly, the taste of money-getting so 
completely overwhelms them that few 
are they who return to other service un- 
less a new and powerful conversion 
meets them in the way. But the Brother- 
hood is awake to this situation, as is 
seen in the report of a committee provid- 
ing a plan for helping to educate worthy 
young members who wish to prepare for 
the mission field. It is strongly believed 
that the coming Conference will pass a 
resolution which will bring the strongest 
forces of the church to provide for just 
such a case as this brother has in his 
own hand. 

Then there is better Bible preparation. 
A proper understanding of the Word is 
in place, but if one waits until he com- 
prehends its treasures of truth to his 
own satisfaction, he will be too old to go 
when he is ready. The writer, however, 
did not have this in mind. And there 
should be familiarity with the Word for 
effectual work. But education is far 
from all of it. 

Hear what a missionary from the field, 



178 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



one of our best educated, has written, 
" It may be necessary to lower the edu- 
cational standard in order to get some 
men now, but native ability, true piety 
and adaptability are some of the things 
that dare not be lowered." The General 
Board has not been in a position to " se- 
lect." Practically the only objection that 
has been raised so far has been one of 
advanced age. Then, too, some of the 
best preparation, especially in spiritual 
things, is brought to the worker when in 
the work, and this should be seriously 
considered when determining how much 
preparation should be made before going 
to the field. 

But look at the triple objection. This 
seems to be paramount in the mind of the 
writer : 

" The missionary is needy of better 
financial support." The missionaries on 
the India field are provided bungalows 
free, places to work free, and paid as a 
support for each grown person $250 for 
food and clothing, and a proper compen- 
sation for each child. The amount of 
the support is flexible, is what it is at the 
suggestion of the missionaries them- 
selves some years ago, and the fact that 
the Board has lately increased the sup- 
port to meet present needs is evidence 
enough that this matter is practically in 
the missionaries' hands. 

The objector makes a splendid point, 
a just one and a telling one, when he 
says it is not fair that the missionary 
make all the sacrifice and the home 
churches live in ease and comfort, and 
blessed will be the day when the mem- 
bers at home waken up to this truth. 
But the writer must take two things into 
account. First he is comparing the most 
spiritual, because the most willing to 
sacrifice for Jesus' sake, with the most 
worldly, — those who make no sacrifice. 
There are those in the Brotherhood who 
deprive themselves and live as scantily 
as do our missionaries and for the same 
reason, too. Second, if the writer waits 



until this condition is adjusted he will 
never enter any life of sacrifice. Good 
as the point is against the home church, 
is the writer justified in staying off the 
field on this acount? 

The education of missionary children 
is the next objection. Well, the Board 
has not published very much about this, 
but has always been ready to make just 
provisions. Of course it is a difficult 
problem to handle to best advantage. 
The actual need today on all of our fields 
thus far is Brother Stover's children, 
three of whom are of the school age. 
Then it will be several years yet before 
children of any of the other missionaries 
will be of the school age. But the Board 
has chosen a missionary to India for the 
express purpose of teaching missionary 
children, and the missionaries them- 
selves send home a decision that the im- 
mediate need does not justify it. In 
plenty of time to meet the condition the 
Board will have made provisions. 

But then comes that care of superan- 
nuated missionaries. Look at that a bit. 
Unless there is one whose health becomes 
wrecked and he becomes an invalid, 
there is no occasion for concern 
for twenty to thirty years yet. Fur- 
thermore, had the writer studied last 
year's annual report he would have dis- 
covered in the treasury now over $6,000 
for " Ministerial and Missionary Relief 
Fund," and the fund accumulating faster 
than the demands. This $6,000 and over 
is not endowment, but must be held until 
there is a " superannuated missionary," 
or to assist ministers now entering upon 
that stage in this country. The Ministe- 
rial and Missionary Relief Fund is created 
by one-fourth income from the Gish Es- 
tate, now over $50,000 and a fifth in- 
come from the declared earnings of our 
Brethren Publishing House. There is in 
round numbers one and one-half per 
cent on $175,000 as an assured and per- 
petual support for those who help the 
church. Every minister who helps the 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



179 



publishing interest to grow, stores away 
against that old age " rainy day " prop- 
osition that keeps so many from the serv- 
ice an income that will take care of him 
and his dear aged wife if both or either 
live to need it. 

What is there in these objections? If 
they are really keeping the writer from 
the field, is it not for lack of faith in the 
promises of God ? " Seek ye first the 
kingdom of God and his righteousness 
and these things shall be added unto 
you " does not even provide for the en- 
dowment referred to ; yet large-hearted 
brethren and sisters who, seeing a splen- 
did avenue to effectual work in the king- 
dom and knowing the shortness of faith 
sometimes, have made provisions abun- 
dantly. Or better yet, the loving Father, 
seing how short sighted would be some 
of His children, prompted others to 
bridge over that lack of faith till they be- 
gin service, knowing well that when once 
they enter they will never give up. 

They are excuses. Yes, in black and 
white they lie on the table of the mission 
rooms. They are not taken up and dis- 
cussed publicly, to answer the writer a 
whit more than others who are not saying 
" I will go ; send me." Look at them. 
Why should a young man concern him- 
self about the triple one, save as he is 
interested in the general welfare of the 
kingdom? Has God not promised hun- 
dreds of times that He will care for His 
own, and He will provide for them, that 
His children shall walk by faith and not 
by sight? Then why falter by the way? 

How often have the members of the 
church scorned the frivolous excuses of 
those bidden to the feast, and the oxen, 



the land, and the wife were in the way. 
Has not He who thus uttered the par- 
able of the kingdom reason in this day 
to have heartache and turn away from 
the educated who are prepared and bid- 
den, to those of the highways and hedges 
and have them at the feast of service for 
the King? The Board wants the best 
talent the church has, the Master wants 
it, the writer of these objections says it is 
worthy of the best, " but ye would not," 
and not only are the lives of such who 
turn away left desolate to the real joys 
of Christian service, but the heathen 
world is dying in a greater desolation. 
Who is responsible? 

The time is here, brethren and sisters, 
when heroes of faith and consecration are 
needed to march on to victory. To stand 
off and object does not solve the prob- 
lem. Two armies stood in battle array, 
facing each other. Both had their spears 
set for the deadly conflict. He who dared 
to make the first plunge was sure of 
death. Finally on one side there was a 
hero. Dropping his own spear he sprang 
forward with open arms, gathering all 
the spears of the enemy within his reach 
into his arms and sank with them buried 
in his own bosom. His comrades rushed 
over his body and through the gap thus 
made to victory. And so it is in this con- 
flict. The church has her share of weak- 
nesses, but to stand off and point them 
out is disheartening. Let there be a rush 
for the bayonets of the enemy, and sink 
as many into our own lives as possible, 
and the King's army will go on to vic- 
tory in Jesus' name. Let us quit object- 
ing ; let us pray for more active faith ; 
let us render more surrendered lives ; let 
us be victors. 



The Lord wants reapers. Lo! He stands 
Unlocking gates to all the lands 
From farthest east to sunset sea, 
He cleaves a pathway broad and free, 
And brings the distant millions near 
The story of His love to hear. 



When trooping down the mountain side 
The long bright day will soon be cried, 
The gleaming angel hosts shall come, 
To shout the finished harvest home. 
And shall we stand with golden sheaves, 
Or holding only withered leaves? 

— Emily Bugbee Johnson. 



180 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



MISSIONARY HYMN. 



E. J. B. 



I 



Eleanor B. Brumbaugh. 



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1. A - new to Thee to-day for serv - ice, We give our - selves, Lord; 

2. A - new to Thee to - day for serv 

3. A - new to Thee to - day for serv 

4. A - new to Thee to - day for serv 

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ice We would 
ice, 0, teach 
ice, 0, make 



be use - ful, Lord, 
us how to serve, 
us see, dear Lord, 



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And glad are we to live and work for Je - sus, To help to spread Thy 
And, will - ing serv-ants on the field of con - fact, We wait to hear Thy 
And how to love, and live a - mong Thy chil - dren, Nor from Thy pre-cepts 
That work for Thee is wait -ing ver - y near us, And we Thy call have 

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word, 
word, 
swerve. 
heard. 



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and true. 



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Copyright. 1910, by Eleanor Brumbaugh. 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



181 



THE MIRROR AND REFLECTOR 
BEHOLD AGAIN 



James says, " But be ye doers of the 
word, and not hearers only, deluding 
your own selves. For if any one is a 
hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is 
like unto a man beholding his natural 
face in a mirror: for he beholdeth him- 
self, and goeth away, and straightway 
forgetteth what manner of man he was." 

The last two looks into the " mirror of 
doing," about which James speaks so 
emphatically, has created no small 
amount of interest and called forth but 
very little unfavorable comment. One 
bishop, clerk of their district meeting, 
said the " reflection " of their district 
was not fair, because churches which had 
been delinquent the year before, and now 
paid up, received too much credit, while 
those which had been delinquent this 
year, but would pay up next year, did 
not receive enough credit. There is no 
doubt of such individual instances, and 
it is hoped that this write-up will en- 
courage all churches to do their part and 
never be delinquent again. Delinquency 
in the work of the Lord, even in district 
mission work, surely is not pleasing unto 
the Lord. 

On the other hand, the Mirror on dis- 
trict work has met just what it started 
out to meet. After the first Mirror,- ap- 
peared analyzing the bicentennial offer- 
ing, the cry went up. " But we have so 
much district work we are doing." A 
letter was received excusing a certain 
congregation for not doing general mis- 
sion work because of what they did in 
the District, yet the Mirror on the Dis- 
trict shows that this congregation as- 
sisted in district missions less than five 
cents per member. Commenting on this 
very situation a brother writes thus : 

" Your December '.Mirror ' was very 
interesting to me. I studied it rather 



carefully. I heard members of our con- 
gregation excuse themselves, saying, 
' We have so much home work. Really, 
this report does not do us justice.' You 
have given the excuse an everlasting 
death stroke to our shame." 

The Visitor does not mean to deal 
^ death strokes " or bring any one to 
" shame " ; it would deal more gently and 
brotherly than that and still hold to the 
facts as they are. But to show how 
thoroughly we are prone to excuse our- 
selves rather than profit by the knowl- 
edge of our neglect in doing better, the 
cry now comes up, " home expenses, old 
folks' homes, and the like." The same 
writer goes on to say : " There will be 
another excuse, namely, ' But we have 
congregational work, orphanages, old 
folks' home, etc' I trust you may be 
able to get at this side of it also. If all 
are like our District the result will be just 
the same." 

The brother from whom extracts were 
made for the above surmised the excuse, 
but a dear old brother wrote a good long 
letter to the office, actually pleading what 
is done in their District along the lines of 
orphanage work, old people's homes, 
home expenses, etc., as a reason for no 
better showing. 

Brethren and sisters, every one is glad 
for the amount given to old people's 
homes, orphanage work, and home ex- 
penses. Its support should not be de- 
creased a little bit, neither is there any 
occasion for decreasing it. But does any 
one who sits down and calmly reads 
Christ's last command think for a minute 
that such works of love shall take the 
place of the command " Go " ? From 
this angle would it not be just as near 
right to stop baptizing people, because 
we are taking care of home expenses, old 



182 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



folks' homes, etc., as to offer this for an 
excuse for not taking part in this beauti- 
ful (Rom. 10:15) work of going into 
all the world? Of course none of us 
wants such a result, because then we 
would be just like the moral man outside 
of the church who pays to keep the wid- 
ow, the orphan, helps in all these local 
charities, " chips in a little " towards the 
series of meetings and now and then 
helps at the love feast, but never ac- 
knowledges the Christ in obedience 
through baptism. I tell you, my dear 
reader, . " Go " precedes " baptism " in 
Christ's command and God's plan of do- 
ing things in this world, and fittingly 
could the Master say to too many in the 
church today : " This going you ought 
to have done, and not left undone the 
home expenses." Dearly beloved, let us 
quit excusing ourselves and rather accuse 
ourselves for our negligence and seek to 
do better from now on. 

There is an element of unfairness in 
this report beyond help, and yet to be 
fair as possible, mention is made of it 
here. There are noble, earnest members 
of the congregations that do not appear 
in the list of givers, who have contributed 
as individuals and help to make up the 
individual donations acknowledged in 
toto at the close of each district. Many 
of these would be glad if their bishops 
would hold missionary collections that 
they might contribute there and the con- 
gregation get credit, but so far the bish- 
ops will not. Tho unknown to your 
brethren, you are known to God ; lose not 
heart. The Visitor here acknowledges 
your consecration in fullest measure, and 
assures you that in time through prayer 
and your suffering humiliation because 
your congregation is not in the list of 
givers, you will finally be victors. The 
same is true of those in congregations 
whose amount is so small in the average, 
simply because so many gave nothing. 
Keep on. Work and pray and hasten 
the day of united, consecrated effort. 



over 


$7 00 


per capita. 


over 


5 00 


per capita. 


over 


4 00 


per capita. 


over 


2 00 


per capita. 


over 


1 00 


per capita. 


over 


50 


per capita. 


over 


25 


per capita. 


over 


10 


per capita. 


over 


05 


per capita. 


less 


than 


05 per capita 



Some Interesting Facts Again. 

Let it be impressed clearly and em- 
phatically that the year covered by this 
Mirror began April 1, 1909, and closed 
March 31, 1910; that the Bicentenial of- 
fering referred to in the last column be- 
gan April 1, 1908, and closed March 31, 
1909. Note these dates in any study you 
make on these tables. 

Of the 896 congregations of the Broth- 
erhood in America 552, or not two- 
thirds, gave to General Missions. These 
552 may be classified as follows : 

1 gave 

1 gave 

1 gave 

7 gave 

45 gave 

107 gave 

156 gave 

162 gave 

49 gave 

24 gave 

This table sets forth the startling fact 
only 55 congregations gave a dollar or 
more per member for World-Wide Mis- 
sions, and that 841 of the 896 did not 
care a dollar's worth — oh, 344 not a 
cent's worth, — for the work or the work- 
ers in India, China or elsewhere under 
the support of the Board. Are you glad, 
brother, sister, to send that message to 
our missionaries in these foreign lands? 

But look at these 552 congregations 
again. Let us divide our Brotherhood 
in three large districts, — Western, all 
west of the Mississippi River; Central, 
all between the Mississippi and the Ohio 
Rivers ; Eastern, all east and south of the 
Ohio River. 

There are 293 congregations with a 
membership of 39,645 in. the Eastern 
District, practically one-half of the 
Brotherhood. One hundred and fifty- 
six, or just a little more than half of these 
293 congregations, representing 30,174 
members, gave $12,032.80, or 39 cents 
per member. 

There are 288 congregations with a 
membership of 25,545 in the Central Dis- 
trict. One hundred ninety-five of these, 
with a membership of 21,876, gave $11,- 
714.33, or 53 cents per member. 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



183 



There are 316 congregations with a 
membership of 17,025 in the Western 
District. Two hundred and one of these, 
with a membership of 13,603, gave $12,- 
756.72, or 93 cents per capita. 

Or to tabulate this for clearer vision : 

> 



*.2 



Eastern, . .39,645 
Central, ..25,545 
Western, .17,025 
Total, 82,215 



30,174 $12,032 80 39 cents 

21,876 11,714 33 53 cents 

13,603 12,756 72 93 cents 

65,653 36,503 85 



The average per member, just taking 
the congregations giving, is 55 cents. The 
average per member for the whole 
Brotherhood is 44 cents. Of course not 
65,653 members gave. It is impossible 
to get at the facts closer than above. 

Those Who Did Not Give. 

Of the 896 congregations, 344 did not 
give as congregations. Of these 

7 have a membership of 200 or over. 

31 have a membership of 100 or over. 

70 have a membership of 50 or over. 
123 have a membership of 25 or over. 
113 have a membership less than 25. 

By District they are distributed as fol- 
lows: 

Average 
Congregations Membership Membership 

Eastern 136 9,471 69 

Central 93 3,669 39 

Western, ...115 3,422 29 

In relation to the Bicentennial year 
there are some interesting facts. One 
hundred and seven congregations, with 
a membership of 6,736, gave in the Bi- 
centennial year and did not give in this 
last year. They are classed thus : 

5 have a membership of 200 or over. 
14 have a membership of 100 or over. 
32 have a membership of 50 or over. 
35 have a membership of 25 or over. 
21 have a membership less than 25. 

Sixty-seven congregations with a 
membership of 4,275 neglected to give 
in the Bicentennial year but gave this 
last year. Of these 

1 has a membership of 400 or over. 

2 have a membership of 200 or over. 
7 have a membership of 100 or over. 



18 have a membership of 50 or over. 
23 have a membership of 25 or over. 

16 have less than 25. 

Two hundred and seventeen congrega- 
tions with a membership of 9,013 gave 
neither to the Bicentennial nor this last 
year. Of these 

2 have a membership of 200 or over. 

17 have a membership of 100 or over. 
36 have a membership of 50 or over. 
84 have a membership of 25 or over. 
78 have less than 25. 

But note this fact. One hundred and 
thirty-two congregations, with a total 
membership of 6,210, did not give to the 
Bicentennial nor last year, neither did 
they give to their district mission work 
last year. Of these 

3 have a membership of 200 or over. 
13 have a membership of 100 or over. 
22 have a membership of 50 or over. 
48 have a .membership of 25 or over. 
46 have a membership less than 25. 

In studying the largest things that can 
be said about our mission receipts for 
the last year the following tables are of 
interest : 

What the Twelve largest Churches Are 
Doing. 

Amount Per 

Congregations Members Given Capita 

Botetourt, Va 656 $765 97 $1 1.6 

Antietam, Pa 606 564 67 93 

Middle Creek, Pa., ...515 24 32 04 

Sangerville, Va., 504 41 45 08 

Mill Creek, Va 500 222 70 44 

Linville Creek, Va, ..500 26 21 05 

Johnstown, Pa., 500 90 73 18 

Shade Creek, Pa 475 365 .66 77 

West Johnstown, Pa., 475 75 01 15 

Plat Rock, Va., 472 31 13 06 

N. Manchester, Ind., 472 83 35 17 

Mt. Zion (Page) Va., 450 6 00 01 

Twelve Churches Giving Largest Amounts. 

Amount Per 

Congregations Members Given Capita 

Botetourt, Va 656 $766 97 $1 16 

Mt. Morris, 111 401 685 07 1 70 

McPherson, Kans., ..282 673 99 2 39 

Antietam, Pa., 606 564 67 93 

1st Philadelphia, Pa., 350 379 06 1 08 

Shade Creek, Pa 475 365 66 77 

Bridgewater, Va., 349 346 37 99 

Williston, N. Dak., . . 43 318 10 7 39 

Pipe Creek, Md 250 315 26 1 26 

Quemahoning, Pa 375 291 05 77 

Rockingham, Mo., ....104 247 36' 2 37 

Cando, N. Dak., 140 237 47 1 69 

Twelve Churches Giving; Largest Amounts 
Per Capita. 

Amount Per 

Congregations Members Given Capita 

Williston, N. Dak.,... 43 318 10 7 39 

Pomona, Cal., 36 206 00 5 72 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, . . 40 167 07 4 17 

Prairie City, Iowa 57 165 00 2 89 

Twin Falls, Idaho, . . 29 83 10 2 86 

McPherson, Kans 282 673 99 2 39 

Rockingham, Mo 104 247 36 2 37 

Manvel, Texas 38 82 60 2 17 

Monitor, Kans 91 186 52 2 05 

Sacramento Val., Cal., 20 40 50 2 0<2 

Bethel, Nebr 103 193 75 1 88 

Nez Perce, Idaho 73 132 28 1 81 



184 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



All west of Mississippi and all but 
three with a membership of less than 100. 

The Real Situation. 

When World-Wide Missions was be- 
gun there were many good-hearted, con- 
scientious members who were opposed 
to it and openly stood against it. In the 
face of this clearly-outlined opposition 
the sentiment in favor of missions rapid- 
ly grew to become Brotherhood-wide. But 
one can not study this Mirror without 
•concluding that a worse condition than 
opposition has arisen amongst us. For 
note this: In the review of the last two 
years but 132 congregations (one-sixth 
of the entire number, representing but 
about a fourteenth of the membership) 
did not send in a collection as a congre- 
gation. The other five-sixths, represent- 
ing fourteen-fifteenths of the member- 
ship, did. Grant that the 132 are op- 
posed to missions in a more or less mild 
way: that opposition is ' not strong 
enough to be a real factor in our church 
life any more. 

The worse than opposition that is up- 
on us is seen in the fact that only 552 of 
the 896 congregations gave to World- 
Wide Missions, and of these 552 but 
fifty-five reached a dollar or more — for 
the most part the congregations dropping 
below even the 50-cent standard. What 
is this worse condition? Incidentally 
there happens to be on the table of the 
Mission rooms this card from one who 
has been moderator of our Annual Meet- 
ing within recent years, and whose judg- 
ment should be worth something in this 
instance. Under date of May 10, 1910, 
he writes in reply to the Board's letter 
sent to each bishop to hold a collection 
for this coming Annual Meeting. He 
says : " Your Board has acted wisely in 
sending missionary outlines to elders 
in charge of churches. Get our elders in 
touch and sympathy with the work of 
missions and the problems are solved. 
We have no opposition, but that which is 
worse, indifference." This ex-modera- 



tor has well characterized the situation. 
It is not that the Lord has not blessed the 
membership. Our people are practically 
farmers, and when have times favored 
the farmer more than this last year! It 
is not because the people will not give, 
or how shall we explain the action of 
those fifty-five congregations who have 
given a dollar or more. The ex-modera- 
tor assigns the reason to the elders them- 
selves, and he places it right. He also 
offers a remedy that is good and effec- 
tual, but what shall be done when those 
needing it are so indifferent that they 
cannot be induced to open their mouths 
and receive it? For thus far, the appeal 
of the Board, the prayers of the mission- 
aries on the field, the Macedonian cry for 
help from the unsaved world, the mani- 
fold commands of the Lord have not 
prompted so many of them to real action, 
to commendable interest, to awaken them 
from the death-like indifference which 
has swallowed them up. 

I recognize the fact that we are in a 
period of deep concern about the internal 
welfare of Zion. Our zeal along this 
line, as long as it remains brotherly in 
spirit, is commendable, but can it in any 
way answer for our neglect to go forth 
and conquer for Christ where He has so 
emphatically bid us to go ? It is all right 
and proper to labor with congregations 
and individuals to maintain purity and 
separateness from the world, but would 
it not be just as right to labor with those 
congregations who neglect the plain com- 
mands of the Lord to pray, give and go — 
commands than which there are none 
more plainly commanding and emphatic 
in the Word ? May not the enemy of our 
God, in his awful shrewdness, be inten- 
sifying the struggle within us so as to 
divert us as much as possible from our 
successful efforts abroad in heathen 
lands, the strongest forts his sinful power 
maintains? Think how gracious God 
has been to us as we have gone forth. 
So precious have been the lives of our 



June The Missionary Visitor 185 



1910 



missionaries in His sight that none have God for this,— for progress,— for spared 

been called from field to reward ! How missionary lives,— for faithful native 

the church has grown in India for the churches— but while thus rejoicing, lead 

time of its planting! Yet in the face of us out of this wilderness of indifference 

all this wonderful blessing, we care not, into which so many have wandered. 

we pray not, we give not, we go not as Lead us from the spirit of commercial- 

\, i_ 1 j tl r • A-t ism that is sapping our spiritual life, 

we could or should because of our indif- T , . . FF ° .. r \ ... .. 

Lead us from the spirit of substitution in 

ference. obedience, — not willing to go ourselves, 
The Visitor most gladly acknowledges and Qnly feebly helping ot hers to go — 
every effort, feeble or strong in this great lead UJ / lead us _ an d find us willing to 
work. It rejoices in small gifts as well be le( j mto more no bl e service,— this is 
as greater ones. There is constantly oc- tbe cry f every member of the church 
casion for rejoicing as individuals w ho is giving with a cheerful heart lib- 
place their thousands at the service of erally according to his ability, both of 
the Board in this noble work. Praise life and means. 



Summarized Report by Districts. 

State Mamber- No. No. Amt. by Amt. by Total Per Bi- 

District ship. Ch. Giv. Ch. Individ. Amount Capita ten. 

Arkansas, 222 13 1 $ 4 00 $ 28 00 $ 32 00 $0 14 $ 37 05 

Northern California, 439 8 7 235 69 39 70 275 39 62 345 67 

S. California and Arizona,.. 1109 14 12 ' 770 27 257 55 1027 82 92 1475 IS 

N. Illinois and Wisconsin, 2425 31 22 1834 14 649 07 2483 21 1 02 3246 02 

Southern Illinois, 2222 29 18 777 02 176 17 953 19 43 1591 34 

Middle Indiana 3802 34 22 949 52 357 22 1306 74 34 1887 57 

Northern Indiana, 3964 45 37 1426 39 364 26 1790 65 45 2744 01 

Southern Indiana 2532 34 13 551 33 182 80 734 13 29 1148 36 

.Middle Iowa .' 1076 17 13 1027 27 313 06 1340 33 1 24 3013 85 

N. Iowa, Minn, and S. Dak., 1323 21 13 638 04 333 65 971 69 75 2351 17 

Southern Iowa 692 14 6 327 36 86. 55 413 91 61 962 68 

Northeastern Kansas, 1415 22 15 566 14 204 05 770 19 54 1416 34 

N. W. Kans., N. Colo., 1172 19 15 317 76 123 50 441 26 37 496 12 

Southeastern Kansas 702 13 9 111 91 127 05 238 96 34 213 85 

S. W. Kans., S. Colo., 1612 19 18 1730 83 387 85 2118 68 1 31 1804 59 

Eastern Maryland, 1888 15 10 546 98 253 65 800 63 42 1760 10 

Middle Maryland, 1447 8 5 353 99 66 70 420 69 29 573 08 

Western Maryland 505 6 000 00 47 20 47 20 09 52 71 

Michigan 976 17 11 287 00 38 90 325 90 32 406 14 

Middle Missouri 506 14 10 178 17 79 34 257 51 50 421 32 

Northern Missouri, 602 10 8 404 07 52 20 456 27 74 736 21 

Southern Missouri 610 16 5 24 40 58 00 82 40 13 99 15 

Nebraska 1222 26 15 712 18 149 50 861 68 70 1393 83 

North and South Carolina,.. 641 17 4 33 66 4 86 38 50 06 100 17 

N. Dakota and Canada, 1472 24 17 1091 12 419 81 1510 93 1 25 2176 42 

Northeastern Ohio, 2781 26 18 912 00 477 01 1389 01 49 1824 25 

Northwestern Ohio 1754 29 21 896 74 371 35 1268 09 72 1655 78 

Southern Ohio, 5089 43 30 1229 36 234 05 1463 41 28 2176 32 

Oklahoma, 1126 30 11 274 67 299 57 574 24 51 412 36 

Oregon, Washington, Idaho, 1504 30 20 653 40 491 70 115 11 74. 1403 03 

Eastern Pennsylvania, 7335 42 36 2252.24 389 39 2641 43 35 4556 69 

Middle Pennsylvania, 3967 26 23 724 93 270 92 995 85 25 1544 27 

Southern Pennsylvania, 3979 19 13 1037 43 365 48 1402 91 35 2247 32 

W. Pennsylvania 5353 29 20 1129 45 338 26 1467 71 27 2453 24 

Texas and Louisiana 221 6 3 233 10 35 25 268 35 1 21 500 90 

Tennessee, 1444 25 8 61 76 136 00 197 76 14 304 73 

First Virginia, 4034 43 12 971 04 109 45 1080 49 26 2526 80 

Second Virginia, 7008 37 24 1386 66 1249 91 2636 57 37 2827 10 

1st West Virginia 1695 17 6 155 70 "117 00 272 70 16 733 11 

2nd West Virginia, 355 8 1 12 50 17 65 30 15 08 65 75 

Totals 82215 896 552 $26800 22 $10003 63 $36503 85 $0 44 $55684 58 



186 



The- Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



Itemized Report by Districts. 



Arkansas. Membership 222. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Austin 29 $ 4 00 $0 13 $ 23 85 

Broadwater, . . - . . 28 8 20 

Crowson, 20 

Carlisle, 14 

Cypress Grove, . . 6 
East Prairie, .... 8 

Farrenburg, 12 

Good Hope 8 

Poplar Bluff, 18 

St. Francis 20 

Mt. Hope, 15 

Little Brushy, . . 28 
Turnmore, 16 

T'l by churches, $ 4 00 $ 32 05 

T'l by individ., 28 00 5 00 

Totals 222 $ 32 00 $0 14 $ 37 05 

Northern California. Membership 439. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Butte Valley, ...105 $ 28 90 $0 27 $ 49 00 

Chico, 31 5 00 

Fruitvale 33 3 75 11 5 58 

Oak Grove 85 13 25 15 9 15 

Raisin City, 40 27 29 68 42 60 

Reedley, 125 122 00 97 103 23 

Sacramento Val., 20 40 50 2 02 14 95 

T'l by churches, $235 69 $229 51 

T'l by individ., 39 70 116 16 

Totals 439 $275 39 $0 62 $345 67 

Southern California and Arizona. 
Membership 1109. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Covina 160 $ 95 90 $0 59 $170 65 

Egan 19 8 00 42 16 50 

El Centro 20 

Glendora, 140 60 81 43 93 50 

Glendale, Ariz.,.. 45 16 85 37 28 80 

Inglewood 84 38 55 45 30 21 

Long Beach, 40 5 45 13 24 20 

Lordsburg 218 167 50 76 129 6T> 

Los Angeles, 140 15 00 10 15 00 

Pasadena 60 35 00 58 183 25 

Pomona, 36 206 00 5 72 17 00 

Santa Ana, 25 10 00 40 33 00 

S. Los Angeles,. 95 111 21 1 17 7 00 

Tropico 27 3 00 

T'l by churches, $770 27 $751 76 

T'l by individ., 257 55 487 80 

Special 235 62 

Totals, 1109 $1027. 82 $0 92 $1475 18 

Northern Illinois and "Wisconsin. 
Membership 2425. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Arnold's Grove, ..14 $ 5 00 $0 35 $ 28 42 

Ash Ridge, 45 15 00 33 11 00 

Barron, 50 

Batavia 45 30 00 66 27 00 

Cherry Grove, ..120 67 42 56 86 50 

Chicago 102 123 15 1 20 151 86 

Chippewa Valley, 46 4 25 

Dixon, .60 

Elgin, 102 98 9S 97 310 57 

Elk River, 4 

Hickory Grove, . . 45 11 00 24 40 00 

Irvin Creek 20 

Lanark, 175 117 99 67 286 60 

Maple Grove, ... 75 14 35 

Milledgeville, ...103 36 01 35 210 52 

Mt. Carroll, 35 6 00 17 

Naperville, 50 58 08 116 47 45 

Pine Creek, 116 146 67 1 26 62 02 

Polo 75 38 69 51 82 91 

Rock Creek 41 11 34 27 14 50 



140 07 


77 


234 87 


91 57 


1 76 


84 63 


685 07 


1 70 


799 72 
78 40 


50 85 


40 


83 30 


29 50 


44 


30 25 


2 60 


03 


4 51 


69 15 


1 09 


57 08 



Rockford, 20 

Rock River 180 

Shannon, 52 

Mt. Morris, 401 

Sterling, ■ 93 

Waddams Grove, 125 
West Branch, ... 66 

"Worden, 75 

Yellow Creek, . . 63 

Cloverdale, 16 

Willard, 11 

T'l by churches, $1834 14 $2750 70 

T'l by individ., 649 07 495 32 

Totals, 2425 $2483 21 $1 02 $3246 02 

Southern Illinois. Membership 2222. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita, 1909. 

Allison Prairie, .65 $ 00 $0 00 $ 6 60 

Astoria 183 - 46 91 25 65 50 

Bear Creek, 12 

Big Creek 36 7 .66 21 14 50 

Blue Ridge 51 9 35 19 18 00 

Camp Creek 26 

Cerro Gordo, 203 143 37 70 342 25 

Coal Creek, 83 5 00 

Decatur 20 9 20 46 5 00 

Hudson, 57 25 25 44 78 00 

Hurricane Creek, 58 

Kaskaskia 44 3 65 08 

Lamotte Prairie, .32 22 00 68 31 00 

Liberty, 55 7 35 

Macoupin Creek, 80 37 50 47 81 56 

Mulberry Grove, 47 6 55 14 8 75 

Mt. Vernon, 28 

Martins Creek, . . 42 6 00 14 

Oak Grove, 30 

Oakley, 154 124 16 80 117 25 

Okaw, 230 45 17 19 58 00 

Panther Creek, . . 80 32 16 40 20 00 

Pleasant Hill, ..249 140 19 56 179 60 

Romine, 36 

Salem, 16 

Spring Run, .... 20 

Sugar Creek, 49 - 49 10 1 00 68 24 

Woodland 183 36' 30 19 24 99 

W. Otter Creek,.. 53 32 50 61 34 50 

T'l by churches, 777 02 $1166 09 

T'l by individ., 176 17 425 25 

Totals 2222 $953 19 $0 43 $1591 34 

Middle Indiana. Membership 3802. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita, 1909. 

Andrews 45 $ 00 $0 00 $ " 00 

Bachelors Run,.. 350 197 53 56 223 20 

Beaver Dam, ... 25 

Burnetts Creek,.. 75 57 71 77 53 79 

Camden, 45 13 25 29 15 00 

Clear Creek, ... 85 27 44 32 32 00 

Eel River, 293 68 45 23 65 71 

Huntington, 64 11 40 17 6 16 

Huntington City, 115 29 55 25 9 00 

Kewanna, 18 2 05 

Landesville 26 

Logansport 70 ■ 4 50 

Lower Deer CreeklOO 21 63 21 1 00 

Markle, 98 38 70 38 55 81 

Mexico 2S0 54 00 19 160 60 

Monticello 110 25 40 23 89 07 

N. Manchester, . .472 83 35 17 252 11 

Ogans Creek, ... 48 11 03 23 25 10 

Palestine, 30 

Pleasant Dale, . . 88 21 75 24 15 60 

Pipe Creek, 170 32 05 18 61 80 

Portland, 27 

Plevna, 40 

Prairie Creek, . . 61 

Roann, 170 28 07 16 42 11 

Salimonie 310 137 83 44 132 86 

Santa Pe, 85 15 00 17 7 15 

Somerset, 81 14 84 18 

Spring- Creek, ..150 33 72 22 71 38 

Sugar Creek 90 6 00 06 16 75 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



187 



Upper Deer Creek 68 

Wabash 70 

Walnut Level, . . 15 
Beaver Creek, . . 28 



20 82 



30 27 00 

22 95, 



T'l by churches, $949 52 $0 00 $1398 60 

T'l by individ., 357 22 488 97 

Totals 3802 $1306 74 $0 34 $1887 57 

Northern Indiana. Membership 3964. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Baugo, . 115 $ 34 30 $0 29 $ 24 70 

Berrien, 18 

•Bethel 144 45 66 31 167 26 

Blue River 120 51 00 42 54 14 

Bremen, 50 3 50 07 14 59 

Camp Creek, ... 45 410 09 4 19 

Cedar Creek, 75 23 25 31 72 19 

Cedar Lake, 80 2150 26 ,65 78 

Columbia City, . . 23 4 44 

Elkhart Valley,.. 68 25 12 37 20 00 

Elkhart City, ...100 54 76 54 33 50 

English Prairie, 100 22 75 22 6 40 

Ft. Wayne, 31 5 00 16 16 00 

Goshen 180 32 61 18 84 39 

Hawpatch, 12 2 03 17 12 65 

Little St. Joe, . . 24 12 81 53 9 20 

Laporte, 45 3 00 06 14 65 

Maple Grove, ..100 30 90 30 134 66 

Nappanee 194 78 07 40 45 03 

North Liberty,... 92 -58 00 63 100 22 

Osceola, 34 5 75 17 9 00 

Pigeon River, . . 20 9 51 

Pine Creek, 240 62 99 26 115 55 

Pleasant Hill, . . 70 51 16' 73 43 95 

Pleasant Valley 160 87 09 54 98 88 

Pokagon, 10 

Portage, 50 13 50 27 25 50 

Rock Run, 160 66 54 41 114 27 

Salem 32 4 00 

Sec. South Bend 50 27 05 54 25 80 

South Bend 135 82 00 60 42 00 

St. Joe. Valley.. 28 18 25 65 17 60 

Shipshewana, ... 65 28 57 

Solomon's Creek, 147 93 28 63 130 00 

Springfield, 75 23 00 30 124 00 

Syracuse, 65 29 12 

Tippecanoe, 60 15 75 26 

Turkey Creek, ..106 57 00 53 4 00 

Union 65 19 00 29 6 85 

Union Center, ..180 86' 32 47 196 00 

Walnut, 102 67 35 66 55 76 

Washington, .... 50 

West Goshen, ..275 61 64 22 54 35 

Yellow Creek, ..124 59 91 48 85 45 

Yellow River, . . 45 20 45 44 17 20 

T'l by churches, $1426 39* $2119 34 

T'l by individ., 364 26 424 67 

Special, 200 00 

Totals 3964 $1790 65 $0 45 $2744 01 

*$30 of the above was collected in 1909 but 
was received since the year closed. 

Southern Indiana. Membership 2532. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Arcadia 70 $ 12 50 $0 17 $ 17 50 

Anderson, 70 11 54 

Beech Grove, . . 56 

Bethany, 20 

Bethel Center, . . 40 19 63 

Buck Creek, .... 71 19 53 27 10 00 

Fairview 60 15 52 25 31 51 

Fountain, 40 

Four Mile, 135 86 00 63 160 05 

Harrison Co., . . 22 
Hartford City,. . . 35 

Hillsburg, 33 

Howard, 72 12 25 17 35 10 

Indianapolis, ... 26 7 00 27 15 00 

Kilbuck, 57 4 28 

Ladoga, 51 15 00 

Lick Creek 130 6 94 05 11 00 

Little Walnut,.. 29 

Lower Fall Creek 33 26 22 

Middle Fork, ...200 37 08 18 60 69 



Mississinewa, ...204 44 25 21 93 00 

Mt. Pleasant .... 80 14 40 

Muncie 55 15 11 

Nettle Creek, ..335 178 76 53 205 79 
New Hope, .... 40 

Pyrmont, 154 95 05 61 85 11 

Sampson Hill, . . 30 11 25 

Stony Creek 28 

Sugar Creek, ... 22 

Summit, 50 8 00 

Upper Fall Creek, 80 9 35 11 

White, 145 27 10 11 16 70 

Plevna, 49 

West Lebanon,.. 10 

T'l by churches, $551 33 $866 88 

T'l by individ, 182 80 231 48 

Special, 50 00 

Totals, .. 2532 $734 13 $0 29 $1148 36 

Middle Iowa. Membership 1076. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Cedar 33 $ 38 20 $1 15 $ 61 12 

Ames 8 

Brooklyn, 51 78 10 1 53 40 00 

Cedar Rapids, . . 40 167 07 4 17 154 65 

Coon River, 186 82 00 44 50 10 

Dallas Center, ..154 139 00 90 209 96 

Deep River, .... 9 

Des Moines Val., 126 80 00 61 150 70 

Dry Creek, 40 15 75 39 23 25 

Garrison, 77 10 16 13 70 70 

Harlan, 27 2150 

Prairie City, ... 57 165 00 2 89 327 70 

Indian Creek, . . 70 58 01 82 10 00 

Iowa River, 47 20 79 44 45 00 

Oak Grove, 16 14 50 

Panther Creek,. 108 168 19 1 55 227 87 

Muscatine '.27 5 00 18 

T'l by churches, $1027 27 $1407 05 

T'l by individ., 313 06 1421 80 

Special, 185 00 

Totals, 1076 $1340 33 $1 24 $3013 85 

Northern Iowa and Minnesota and S. Dakota. 

Membership 1323. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Curlew, 15 $ 0-00 $0 00 $ 14 50 

Deer Park 15 13 55 

Franklin Co., 44 12 09 27 167 50 

Greene 83 71 39 85 24 00 

Grundy County, 163 115 15 70 249 03 

Hancock, 34 25 35 74 16 35 

Kingsley, 75 98 37 1 31 70 26 

Lewistown 55 5 75 10 30 00 

Maple Valley, . . 21 11 00 

Mojrill 36 4 31 12 

Pleasant Prairie. 7 10 00 1 42 

Root River, 102 99 00 

Sheldon 32 9 80 30 14 48 

Spring Creek, ..31 10 31 33 18 50 

South Waterloo, 425 199 69 46 609 79 

Willow Creek, . . 69 60 65 87 100 00 

Winona, 26 15 00 

Worthington, ... 61 15 18 24 6 25 
Lake Park, .... 7 
Gilletts Grove . . 10 
Farnhamville, . . 12 



$638 04 
333 65 



$1459 21 

845 58' 

46 38 



T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 
Special , 

Totals 1323 $971 69 $0 75 $2351 1 

Southern Iowa. Membership 692. 
Per 



Congregation 

Crooked Creek,.. 13 

East Nodaway,.. 15 
English River, ..180 

Fairview, 76 

Franklin, 34 

Libertyville, .... 7,6 

Middle Creek, . . 10 



No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 
00 $0 00 $ 00 



178 


40 


99 


215 52 


30 


92 


40 


34 43 
11 00 


21 


15 


27 


38 00 



188 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 







6 75 


17 00 


36 


15 50 
22 50 
36 50 


26 04 


65 


41 10 


53 85 


79 


105 90 






2 30 



Monroe 61 

Mt. Etna, 46 

Osceola, 20 

Pleasant Hill, . . 18 

Salem, 40 

South Keokuk, . . 68 
South Ottumwa, . 35 



T'l by churches, $327 36 $529 50 

T'l by individ., 86 55 339 59 

Special, 93 59 

Total, 692 $413 91 $0 .61 $962 68 

Northeastern Kansas. Membership 1415. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Abilene, 162 $ 82 05 $0 50 $138 95 

Appanoose, 97 40 25 41 193 07 

Chapman Creek, .55 76 83 

Cottonwood, 30 7 10 

East Maple Grove 10 

Kansas City, 180 57 00 31 50 01 

Lawrence, 16 

Morrill 155 44 30 28 174 78 

Olathe, 65 16 80 25 17 11 

Ottawa 110 37 35 34 43 65 

Overbrook, 25 43 50 1 74 30 10 

Ozawkie, 70 49 21 70 42 97 

Pleasant Grove,.. 19 

Rambna, 43 66 00 1 53 175 00 

Rock Creek 46 5 50 12 26 00 

Sabetha 87 22 50 25 25 00 

Soldiers Creek,. . 17 

Topeka 35 6 00 

Vermilion 45 46 80 1 04 122 30 

Wade Branch, . . 39 3 35 08 8 00 

Washington, 34 12 18 35 2 65 

Washington Creek 75 39 35 52 67 60 

T'l by churches, $566 14 $1207 12 

T'l by individ., 204 05 209 22 

Totals, 1415 $770 19 $0 54 $1416 34 

Northwestern Kansas and Northern Colorado. 
Membership 1172. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Belleville 76 $ 54 93 $0 72 $ 71 25 

Burr Oak 101 10 50 19 9 00 

Denver 40 8 50 21 14 45 

Dorrance, 15 6 35 42 40 00 

Fruita 150 45 75 30 91 85 

Haxtum, 22 

Sterling 39 28 75 73 45 00 

First Grand Val. 104 22 37 

Maple Grove. ... 42 6 00 14 14 25 

North Solomon ..61 14 00 22 8 00 

Mt. Garfield, 29 12 96 44 2 50 

Pleasant View, . . 13 

Quinter 300 74 18 24 41 25 

Saline Valley, ..13 3 84 29 

St. Vrain, 25 3 00 12 14 00 

Victor, 64 25 00 39 34 70 

White Rock 43 15 00 34 34 00 

Lowlands, 23 

Colorado City, . . 12 9 00 75 



T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 



$317 76 
123 50 



$442 62 
53 50 



Totals, 1172 $441 26 $0 37 $496 12 

Southeastern Kansas. Membership 702. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Arkansas City, . . 18 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00. 

Altamont 37 2 40 06 

Fredonia, 90 7 50 

Mont Ida, 54 9 00 16 3 18 

Grenola, 74 29 26 39 44 07 

Independence, ... 57 

Neosho 33 

New Hope, 12 8 50 70 17 00 

Osage, 74 11 10 ' 15 30 24 

Paint Creek 53 17 50 33 



Parsons, 90 17 00 18 31 80 

Scott Valley, ... 45 7 15 15 6 50 

Verdigris, 65 10 00 15 15 25 

T'l by churches, $111 91 $155 54 

T'l by individ., 127 05 58 31 

Totals, 702 $238 96 $0 3i . ^ 213 85 

Southwest Kansas and Southern Colorado. 
Membership 1612. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Eden Valley 43 $ 39 00 $0 90 $ 53 80 

Garden City, ... 48 26 08 54 

Kansas Center, ..62 42 72 68 50 00. 

Larned, 121 185 11 1 53 85 00 

McPherson, 282 673 99 2 39 705 84 

Monitor, 91 186 52 2 05 67 22 

Murdock, 60 5 22 08 5 35 

Newton 70 30 00 42 17 00 

Peabody 39 18 42 47 16 00 

Pleasant View, ..70 87 54 1 25 59 00 

Prairie View, ... 77 10 03 13 15 75 

Prowers 93 25 00 26 

Rockv Ford, 150 154 30 1 02 144 65 

Salem, 72 65 35 ' 90 110 77 

Santa Fe 29 

Slate Creek 127 105 39 82 46 86 

Wichita, 135 45 10 33 25 00 

Walton 23 23 80 1 03 10 00 

Miami, N. Mox.,. . 20 7 26 36 

T'l by churches, '$1730 83 $1412 24 

T'l by individ., 157 85 392 35 

Special, 230 00* 

Totals 1612 $2118 68' $1 31 $1804 59 

*$230 on Crumpacker's support was paid 
within the year but by preceding year's pledges. 

Eastern Maryland. Membership 1888. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Canita. 1909. 

West Point. Miss. 32 $ 00 $0 00 $ 10 00 

Beaverdam, 137 52 15 

Baltimore 8 00 

Woodberv 70 16 01 22 

Fulton Ave., . . 80 11 00 13 

Bush Creek, 210 22 00 10 35 00 

Frederick 80 17 00 21 124 02 

Meadow Branch. 250 55 61 22 110 00 

Monocacy 165 5 35 03 44 98 

Upper Middletown 

Vallev 250 31 75 12 123 60 

Piney Creek 50 2 00 

Pipe Creek. 250 315 26 1 26 680 50 

Long Green, 28 20 59 

Belair, 6 

Sam's Creek, ...120 10 00 08 29 25 

Washington City 160 63 00 39 316 46 

T'l bv churches, $546 98 $1556 55 

T'l by individ., 253 65 203 55 

Totals 1888 $800 63 $0 42 $1760 10 

Middle Maryland. Membership 1447. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita, 1909. 
Beaver Creek, ..150 $ 41 80 $0 27 $ 00 

Berkeley 124 

Brownsville, 300 147 27 49 148 24 

Hasrerstown. 275 73 30 26 86 03 

Licking Creek, . . 98 

Manor !..260 27 45 10 32 39 

Welsh Run, 200 64 17 32 79 92 

Johnstown, 40 

T'l by churches, $353 99 $346 58 

T'l by individ., 66 70 226 50 

Totals, 1447 $420 69 $0 29 $573 08 

Western Maryland. Membership 505. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita, 1909. 

BeaF Creek, .... 85 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Cherry Grove, ..48 13 48 

Fairview, 80 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



189 



George's Creek, ..30 
Maple Grove, ..160 

Oakland 102 13 23 

T'l by churches, 26 71 

T'l by individ., 47 20 26 00 

Totals, 505 $ 47 20 $0 09 $ 52 71 

Michigan. Membership 976. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Lakeview, 105 $ 00 $0 00 $ 6 86 

Bear Lake, 30 

Black River, .... 30 5 41 18 4 83 

Beaverton 45 5 21 11 

Bronson, 4 00 

Chippewa, 37 87 

Coleman, 30 

Crystal, 40 13 80 34 14 72 

Harlan 60 5 87 

Little Traverse,.. 33 

New Haven, ... 65 23 95 36 25 00 

North Star, 5 87 

Riverside 51 3 50 06 2 31 

Saginaw 17 4 00 

Sunfield, 50 32 35 64 50 55 

Sugar Ridge, ...115 7 08 06 23 65 

Thornapple 97 86 22 88 81 66 

Vastaburg 31 78 02 

Woodland, 140 108 70 77 138 34 

T'l by churches, $287 00 $368 53 

T'l by individ., 38 90 37 61 



Totals, 976 $325 90 $0 32 $406 14 

Middle Missouri. Membership 506. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Centerview 21 $ 5 00 $0 23 $ 7 50 

Clear Creek, 7 4 00 

Deep "Water 32 3 00 

Mineral Creek, ..162 77 15 47 110 25 

Mound, 43 60 77 1 41 16 65 

Mound Valley, . . 16 3 05 19 - 

Osceola, 30 4 00 13 2 00 

Prairie View, 44 3 25 07 23 00 

Smith Grove, ... 5 4 00 

Spring Branch, . . 37 7 86 

Turkey Creek, . . 8 5 00 62 

Walnut Creek, . . 12 2 55 21 

Warrensburg, ... 57 15 15 26 51 05 

Clear Fork, 32 2 25 07 20 60 

T'l by churches, $178 17 $249 91 

T'l by individ., 79 34 171 41 

Totals 506 $257 51 $0 50 $421 32 

Northern Missouri. Membership 602. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bethel, 68 $ 10 00 $0 14 $ 86 90 

Honey Creek, . . 7 10 00 1 42 

Log Creek, 37 10 00 27 13 75 

Pleasant View, . . 85 19 50 

Rockingham, 104 247 36 2 37 185 57 

Shelby County, . . 19 6 00 31 50 50 

Smith Fork, 101 58 75 58 50 50 

N. St. Joseph . . 33 1 20 

S. St. Joseph,. . . 82 8 60 

Wacanda, 66 61 96 94 134 56 

T'l by churches, $404 07 $551 08 

T'l by individ., 52 20 185 13 

Totals, 602 $456 27 $0 74 $736 21 

Southern Missouri. Membership 610. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bethany, 14 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Carthage, 95 17 00 17 10 00 

Cedar County, . . 6 

Cabool 145 29 55 

Dry Fork 52 125 02 15 00 

Fairview, 66 13 60 

Joplin, 16 

Nevada, 19 150 08 



Oak Grove, 33 

Oak Fork 24 

Peace Valley, ..24 4 65 19 

Pilot Knob 18 

Springdale, 18 9 00 

Spring River, . . 26 

Shoal Creek, ... 32 

Waynesville, ... 22 

T'l by churches, $ 24 40 $ 77 15 

T'l by individ., 58 00 22 00 

Totals 610 $ 82 40 $0 13 $ 99 15 

Nebraska. Membership 1222. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Afton 100 $ 50 00 $0 50 $ 42 25 

Alvo, 37 45 26 1 22 26 65 

Arcadia, 49 18 00 36 7 50 

Beatrice, 52 75 60 1 45 80 81 

Bethel 103 193 75 1 88 132 74 

Exeter, 10 29 50 

Falls City 35 19 25 55 27 25 

Glenrock, 48 5 00 10 3 00 

Highline 35 16 85 48 32 57 

Juniata, 47 

Kearney, 82 75 00 91 50 00 

Lincoln 40 47 02 1 17 120 60 

North Beatrice, .41 11 00 

Octavia, 53 

Pioneer, 32 

Red Cloud 72 13 75 19 

South Red Cloud 35 5 00 14 

Sappy Creek, . . 25 

Silver Lake 31 40 90 1 31 11 00 

South Beatrice, . .192 92 00 47 98 76 

Turkey Creek, ...40 7 00 

South Loup, ... 20 4 00 20 5 55 

Grand Prairie, . . 7 

Lutes, 10 

Upper Wood River 14 

Omaha Mission, 12 10 80 90 

T'l by churches, $712 18 $691 58 

T'l by individ., 149 50 374 10 

Special, 328 15 

Totals, 1222 $861 68 $0 70 $1393 83 

North and South Carolina. Membership 641. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bethlehem, 30 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Brooklyn 20 3 75 

Brummetts Creek 96 2 25 

Flat Rock 51 10 00 19 15 00 

Golden, 30 

Green River Cove 24 

Hollow Poplar, . . 25 3 00 

Little Pine, 14 

Melvin Hill, 70 11 00 15 11 75 

Mt. Carmel, .... 45 

Peak Creek 57 

Pleasant Grove,' '.43 4 66 10 33 75 

Pleasant Valley, 34 

Mill Creek 4.6 8 00 17 11 67 

White Rock, ... 28 

New Bethel 16 

Mountain View, .12 

T'l by churches, $ 33 66 $ 81 17 

T'l by individ., 4 86 19 00 

Totals, 641 $ 38 52 $0 06 $100 17 

North Dakota and Western Canada. 
Membership 1472. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Berthold 55 $ 25 00 $0 45 $ 84 10 

Bowbells 24 34 40 1-43 

Cando 140 237 47 1 69 362 27 

Carrington, 42 7 05 16 15 33 

Egeland 65 10 00 15 18 23 

Fairview, 57 70 15 1 23 84 25 

Hebron 61 5 00 08 1 93 

James River, ... 38 3 41 

Kenmare 50 45 62 91 29 00 

Pleasant Valley, 81 23 30 28 190 85 



190 



The Missionary Visitor 



1910 



Rock Lake, .... 65 

Ray, 45 

Red River Valley 18 

Salem, 104 

Sharon 6.6 

Snyder Lake, . . 131 

Surrey 125 

Turtle Mountain 60 
Wells County, . . 37 

White Rock, 80 

Williston 43 

Medicine Lake, . . 31 
Mountain View, 17 

Nanton 

Pleasant Ridge, 37 

T'l by churches, 
Tl by individ., 
Special 



33 


55 


51 


47 


25 


33 


97 


75 


11 


00 


18 


25 


17 


27 


00 


110 


89 


84 


14 


75 


90 


37 


72 


153 


65 


24 


00 


30 


39 


00 


318 


10 


7 39 


96 


65 


4 


00 


12 


20 

2 
51 


00 
25 
85 



$1091 


12 


206 


41 


213 


40 



$1252 77 

826 64 

97 01 



Totals 1472 $1510 93 $1 25 $2176 42 

Northeastern Ohio. Membership 2781. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Akron Miss., ... 20 $ 6 50 $0 32 $ 00 

Ashland 220 118 86 54 154 47 

Black River, . . 60 102 18 1 70 85 06 
Bristolville, .... 20 

Canton City, 100 52 15 52 80 87 

Canton 126 40 00 31 40 00 

Chippewa, 195 9.6 83 49 7117 

Danville 200 25 00 12 50 63 

East Nimishillen 210 53 80 25 70 00 

Preeburg, 88 85 34 96 80 25 

Goshen, 25 

Greenwood 33 

Jonathan Creek 125 20 00 16 43 30 

Loudonville, ....100 21 85 

Mahoning, 148 25 00 17 60 35 

Maple Grove, ..120 78 52 65 74 05 

Mohican 65 17 81 27 20 67 

Mt. Zion 20 6 50 32 

Owl Creek, 76 48 66 64 27 95 

Reading 160 

Springfield, 210 53 00 25 35 66 

Sugar Creek, ...200 12 25 06 150 40 

Tuscarawas, .... 40 6 15 

West Nimishillen 100 73 00 

Wooster, 100 69 60 69 145 56 

Sandy, 20 



T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 



$912 00 
477 01 



$1291 39 
532 86 



Totals 2781 $1389 01 $0 49 $1824 25 

Northwestern Ohio. Membership 1754. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Baker, 45 $ 3 00 $0 06 $ 10 50 

Black Swamp, . . 44 19 48 44 2 27 

Blanchard, 80 

Blue Creek ; 35 

County Line, ... 90 15 77 17 

Deshler, 28 5 00 17 20 00 

Eagle Creek, ... 75 53 35 71 72 80 

Fairview 40 4 90 12 

Postoria, 63 38 98 61 

Greenspring, 65 98 13 1 51 64 58 

Lick Creek, 120 76.67 63 95 60 

Lima, 60 43 23 72 16 11 

Logan 140 59 29 42 80 00 

Mercer, 40 

Pleasant Hill, . . 30 

N. Poplar Ridge, 65 ) 

00 06 

S. Poplar Ridge, 30 ) 

Portage, 20 11 45 57 26 06 

Richland 48 15 12 31 10 54 

Rome, 46 13 47 29 7 60 

Ross, 34 19 00 55 

Sand Ridge, 18 25 22 1 40 

Seneca, 65 12 00 

Silver Creek, ...125 102 71 82 42 08 

Sugar Ridge, ... 48 6 00 

Swan Creek 62 85 34 1 37 42 80 

Wyandotte, 28 4 00 14 5 00 



Sugar Creek, ...175 191 37 1 09 205 13 

Bellefontaine, ... 35 11 26 32 

Walnut Grove, . . 15 00 

T'l by churches, $896 74 $824 07 

T'l by individ., 187 83 306 71 

Special; 183 52 525 00 

Totals, 1754 $1268 09 $0 72 $1655 78 

Southern Ohio. Membership 5089. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bear Creek 152 $ 77 82 $0 51 $ 95 60 

Beaver Creek, . . 40 11 00 27 16 50 

Beech Grove, ... 77 14 84 19 10 13 

Casstown 40 3 17 

Charlestown, 55 3 00 05 80 

Circleville, 29 

Covington 300 2181 07 108 30 

Donnels Creek, ..330 76 12 23 68 15 

East Dayton, . . 42 5 00 11 

Greenville 150 30 30 20 27 14 

Hickory Grove, ..125 59 40 47 113 25 

Loramie, 59 9 41 

Lexington 19 8 25 43 5 47 

Lower Miami, ...120 22 56 18 21 81 

Lower Stillwater 242 48 27 19 80 00 

Lower Twin, ...165 72 79 44 63 28 

Ludlow, 390 78 61 20 35 94 

Marble Furnace, 10 

May Hill 10 

Newton, 150 26 04 17 146 95 

North Star, 105 16 90 16 50 00 

Oakland, 170 31 55 18 19 43 

Palestine, 65 

Pleasant Valley,. 65 1 50 02 

Price's Creek, ..180 62 49 34 63 50 

Poplar Grove, ...114 26 00 22 46 00 

Ridge, 18 

Rush Creek, 42 

Salem, 300 148 18 49 20 65 

Sydney 114 13 00 11 10 00 

West Dayton, ..175 23 57 13 38 70 

Stone Lick, 29 

Strait Creek, ... 20 

Trotwood, 135 72 16 53 30 00 

Union City Ill 33 06 29 43 21 

Upper Stillwater 200 84 98 42 61 08 

Upper Twin, 176 21 01 11 37 27 

West Milton, 110 29 81 27 247 59 

White Oak, 15 

Wolf Creek, 305 85 38 28 113 29 

Constance, Ky.,.. 17 

Middle District 110 23 96 21 

Frankfort, 8 

T'l by churches, $1229 36* $1486 .62 

T'l by individ., 234 05 409 57 

Special, 280 13 

Totals, 5089 $1463 41 $0 28 $2176 32 

*$61.81 of this amount in Pittenger's support 
has not been forwarded to the Board. 

Oklahoma, New Mexico and the Panhandle. 
Membership 1126. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bear Creek, 17 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Bethany, 14 

Big Creek, 82 92 00 1 10 58 00 

Bright Star 13 3 30 25 

Cement, 37 

Goodwell, 34 11 20 

Hoyle, 41 

Clovis 43 35 00 81 

Indian Creek, . . 28 2 00 07 8 25 

Kiowa, 51 

Elk City 35 8 20 

Monitor, 69 32 00 46 

Mound Valley, ..80 41 25 51 15 00 

Mount Hope 27 2 00 

New Hope, 14 

North Star, 22 3 85 17 27 15 

Oak Grove 14 8 20 

Paradise Prairie 69 24 23 

Panhandle, 31 

Pleasant Home,.. 23 3 00 13 

Pecos Valley, ..36 21 61 60 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



191 



Pleasant Plain,.. .58 
Pleasant Valley, 18 
Prairie Lake, ... 31 

Red River, 50" 

Stillwater, 21 

Turkey Creek, . . 26 

Washita 74 20 96 25 43 33 

Guthrie 45 19 70 43 20 42 

Union Center, ... 23 

T'l by churches, $274 67 $225 98 

T'l by individ., 299 57 186 38 

Totals 1126 $574 24 $0 51 $412 36 

Oregon Washington and Idaho. 
Membership 1504. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Ashland, 33 $ 5 00 $0 15 $ 00 

Boise, 23 7 00 30 

Boise Valley, ... 86 52 85 61 37 87 

Centralia, 48 22 81 47 5 00 

Clearwater, 38 6 15 16 

Coquille, Ill 13 72 12 31 20 

East Wenatchee .65 10 35 16 

Flathead Valley, 16 10 00 

Idaho Palls, 15 

Lebanon, 16 

Myers Creek, ... 11 4 00 36 27 50 

Mohawk Valley, 33 3 00 09 

Mt. Hope, 26 

Nampa, Ill 25 52 23 20 98 

Newberg, 65 38 02 58 53 00 

Olympia, 30 27 00 

Nez Perce, 73 132 28 1 81 194 00 

North Yakima, . . 42 

Payette 96 40 65 42 51 30 

Portland, 45 49 00 1 08 21 00 

Powells Valley, , 2 00 

Rogue River, ... 53 6 75 12 

Spokane 32 5 50 17 50 25 

Seattle 63 

Stiverson, 13 

Sunnyside 83 63 25 76 68 00 

Weiser, 58 26 00 44 15 76 

Wenatchee, 137 28 45 20 72 00 

Tekoa, 27 47 75 

Twin Falls, 29 83 10 2 86 27 65 

Weston 26 

T'l by churches, $623 40 $762 26 

T'l by individ., 491 70 640 77 

Totals, 1504 $1115 11 $0 74 $1403 03 

Eastern Pennsylvania, New York and Eastern 

Shore Md. Members 7355. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Amwell, 40 $ 7 50 $0 18 $ 19 50 

Sand Brook 40 7 50 18 19 50 

Big Swatara, ..300 66 75 22 66 85 

Brooklyn, 80 45 00 56 35 00 

Chicques, 275 39 25 14 91 02 

Conestoga, 200 78 00 

Coventry, 240 163 20 68 315 87 

Elizabethtown, ..160 192 03 1 20 124 75 

Ephrata, 210 113 00 53 138 35 

Fairview 150 46 67 

Green Tree 275 88 00 

Germantown, ... 92 37 25 40 11 85 

Harrisburg, 95 35 00 36 81 31 

Hatfield 130 41 76 37 25 45 

Indian Creek, ..155 58 34 37 129 03 

Lancaster City, 250 74 86 29 208 68 

Little Swatara, ..325 44 95 13 45 65 

Maiden Creek, .. 43 16 65 38 25 75 

Mechanics Grove, 40 4 37 10 

Midway, 250 71 10 28 51 00 

Mingo 125 49 78 39 43 00 

Mountville, 365 69 39 19 66 45 

Norristown, 30 10 00 33 9 00 

Parkersford, 100 100 00 1 00 10 00 

Peach Blossoms, .55 4 80 08 4 87 

Philadelphia, 1st 350 379 06 1 08 536 82 

Reading, 72 22 44 31 27 65 

Ridgely, 145 38 81 27 231 98 

Royersford, 84 30 00 

Schuykill, 80 2 25 02 



Spring Creek, ..422 

Springfield, 80 

Spring Grove, . . 77 

Springville 275 

Tower City, 40 

Tulpehocken, ...345 
Upper Dublin, . . 50 
West Conestoga, 370 
West Green Tree 230 

White Oak, 420 

Harmonyville, . . 60 
Geiger Memorial, 230 

T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 
Special, 



95 


52 


46 


180 47 


23 


05 


28 


38 08 


5 


00 


06 


109 45 
44 49 


3 


00 


07 


7 25 


73 


87 


21 


133 00 


25 


00 


50 




1-2 


00 


03 


71 85 


18 


36 


08 


124 25 


74 


90 


17 


122 09 



125 50 



$2252 24* 
389 39 



55 



155 


50 


$3648 

816 

90 


4 3 
86 
40 



Totals 7355 $2641 63 $0 35 $4556 69 

*$36.00 of the amount reported on the Zeig- 

ler support fund is a balance in the hands of 

the treasurer of the District. 

Middle Pennsylvania. Membership 3961. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Altoona, 362 $102 00 $0 28 $ 93 01 

Ardenheim, 50 

Aughwick, 175 31 50 18 

Bellewood 83 3 00 03 

Carson Valley, .110 7 00 06 4 20 

Claar, 201 38 40 19 16 00 

Clover Creek, ..324 43 54 13 17 85 

Everett, 100 15 79 15 38 50 

Huntingdon, ....225 138 00 61 348 50 

James Creek, 71 3 00 04 

Juniata Park, ..143 

Leamersville, ... 60 10 00 16 12 00 

Lewistown 306 45 48 14 58 64 

New Enterprise, 272 32 74 12 162 14 

Raven Run, 74 13 18 17 

Riddlesburg, 26 2 23 08 

Roaring Spring, 169 6 00 03 

Snake Spring, ..220 19 25 08 54 25 

Spring Run, 190 48 34 25 44 80 

Stonerstown, ... 84 8 00 09 5 75 

Tyrone, 107 ' 23 62 22 

Warriors Mark,.. 60 9 25 15 12 00 

Woodbury, 225 70 03 31 60 72 

Yellow Creek, ..121 16 30 13 28 83 

Artemas 60 7 00 

Fairview, 141 38 28 27 

T'l by churches, $724 93 $964 19 

T'l by individ., 270 92 330 08 

Special, 250_00 

Totals, 3961 $995 85 $0 25 $1544 27 

Southern Pennsylvania. Membership 3979. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Antietam, 606 $564 67 $0 93 $1122 56 

Back Creek, 250 61 00 24 71 00 

Buffalo Valley,.. 5 7 
Chambersburg, . . 60 

Codorus, 230 21 00 09 67 21 

Falling Spring, .250 30 78 12 

Hanover, 48 11 00 22 19 50 

Lost Creek, 250 79 89 

Lower Conewago, 251 

L. Cumberland, ..239 74 65 31 90 75 

Marsh Creek, ..100 10 63 10 11 00 

Perry 50 14 50 29 24 18 

Pleasant Hill, ..138 37 35 27 17 00 

Ridge, . 120 36 50 

Upper Conewago, 300 74 75 24 36 50 
Upper Codorus, ..275 37 26 13 41 75 
Upper Cumber- 
land, 230 4611 20 35 93 

York 375 53 73 14 6134 

Sugar Valley, ..150 



T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 



$1037 43 
365 48 



$1715 11 
532 21 



Totals 3979 $1402 91 $0 35 $2247 32 



192 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



Western Pennsylvania. Membership 5353. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Berlin 200 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Bolivar 55 

Brothers Valley 300 10 41 03 82 01 

Dunnings Creek, 70 5 00 07 5 00 

Elk Lick, 160 30 87 19 65 70 

George's Creek, 210 32 00 15 83 62 

Glade Run, 40 

Glen Hope 34 

Indian Creek, ..160 8 66 05 34 40 

Jacobs Creek, ..160 16 63 

Johnstown, 500 90 73 18 214 36 

Ligonier, 30 2 00 06 

Manor 169 18 00 10 28 16 

Markleysburg, ..200 

Maple Glen 85 8 00 09 37 30 

Middle Creek, ..515 24 32 04 .68 12 

Montgomery, ...100 4 60 04 33 48 

Mt. Union 70 

Meyersdale, 372 91 04 24 115 96 

Pittsburg, 145 13 00 08 63 51 

Plum Creek, 100 5 00 05 13 50 

Quemahoning, ..375 291 05 77 457 25 

Red Bank 35 

Rockton 75 1 00 01 

Ryerson Station, 40 

Shade Creek, ...475 365 66 77 ' 469 18 

Summit Mills, ..168 48 26 28 34 75 

Ten Mile 35 4 84 13 9 00 

West Johnstown, 475 75 01 15 109 95 



T'l by churches, 
T' by individ., 



$1129 45 
338 26 



$1941 88 
511 36 



Totals, 5353 $1467 71 $0 27 $2453 24 

Texas and Louisiana. Membership 221. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Live Oak 11 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Manvel 38 82 60 2 17 100 00 

Nocona, 45 2 00 

Oak Grove, .... 7 

Roanoke 84 132 00 1 57 108 50 

Saginaw 36 18 50 51 16 00 

T'l by churches, $233 10 $226 50 

T'l by individ., 35 25 274 40 



Totals, 221 $268 35 $1 21 $500 90 

Tennessee. Membership 1444. 



27 
40 
22 
128 
40 
54 
30 



Congregation. 
Bailey Grove, . 
Beaver Creek, 

Bristol 

Cedar Grove, 
Cumberland, . 
French Broad, 
Fruitdale, . . . 
Hickerson Grove, 15 

Knob Creek, 150 

Limestone, 50 

Meadow Branch, . 33 

Midway, 40 

Mountain Valley 100 

New Hope, 80 

Oakland 40 

Piney Flats 35 

Pleasant Hill, . . 70 
Pleasant Mount, 30 
Pleasant Valley 
Pleasant View, 
Walnut Grove, 
White Horn, . 
"Wolf Creek, . 
White Shoals, 
Wayne Miss., 



No. Amt. Ch 
Memb. 1910. 



Per Amt. Ch. 
Capita, 1909. 



$ 00 $0 00 $ 00 



2 00 



09 



3 50 



1 00 
4 05 


07 
08 


5 00 

4 42 

16 00 

14 35 


5 26 

6 30 


05 
07 


8 45 



133 
120 

40 
125 

22 



12 00 
6 10 



17 

4 



12 



15 05 1 25 



T'l by churches, 
T'l by individ., 



$ 61 76 
136 00 



29 15 
15 75 



00 



13 00 

$117 62 
187 11 



Totals 1444 $197 76 $0 14 $304 73 



First Virginia. Membership 4034. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Allegheny, 20 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Antioch 175 7 63 04 16 50 

Beaver Creek, ..100 

Bethlehem 275 

Botetourt, 656 765 97 1 16 1691 99 

Burks Fork, 76 2 35 03 11 70 

Charlestown, ... 8 
Chestnut Grove, 128 

Cedar Bluff, 11 00 

Coal Knob, 15 

Copper Hill, 160 

Cowlson, 75 

Crab Orchard, . . 60 10 00 

Elliotts Creek, ..35 

Fraternity 100 

Germantown, ...200 7 38 03 70 15 

Green Briar, .... 15 

Harman, 7 85 

Jeters Chapel, . . 40 5 10 12 4 00 

Johnsville, 80 17 25 

Maple Grove, ... 34 

Monroe 44 

Mount Hermon, . . 43 
Mount Jackson,.. 45 

Mount Joy, 150 1 65 

New Creek, 26 

Oak Vale 60 

Peters Creek, ..175 29 12 16 41 75 

Pleasant Hill, . . 90 15 83 17 15 00 

Pleasant Valley, 125 73 55 

Red Oak Grove, 100 5 75 05 29 81 

Roanoke City, ..255 124 61 48 284 00 

Saunders Grove, .33 3 80 11 

Smith River 133 

Smith Chapel, . . 26 1 00 03 

Snow Creek, .... 35 

St. Paul 40 

Swan Creek 24 

Topeco, 120 2 50 02 2 35 

Walkers Well, . . 35 

White Rock 86 

Pulaski, 20 

Shelton, 35 

Briar Mountain, 26 
Antioch, Bedford 
County, 56 

T'l by churches, $971 04 $2302 65 

T'l by individ., 109 45 224 15 

Totals, ..4034 $1080 49 $0 26 $2526 80 

Second Virginia. Membership 7008. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 
Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Buena Vista, ... 85 $ 4 95 $0 05 $ 000 

Barren Ridge, ..300 76 00 25 91 26 

Beaver Creek, ..300 33 00 11 187 50 

Bridgewater, ...349 346 37 99 242 70 

Brocks Gap 100 

Cooks Creek 304 40 50 13 41 00 

Crummetts Run, 160 14 50 

Elk Run 100 21 76 21 84 82 

Fairfax 157 59 91 38 34 83 

Flat Rock, 472 31 13 06 52 93 

Greenmount, 380 45 68 12 95 56 

Harrisonburg, . . 9 50 

Lebanon 110 39 16 35 5 00 

Linville Creek, ..500 26 21 05 35 34 
Lower Lost Riv., 141 

Manassas 65 21 09 32 12 00 

Middle River, ...220 74 01 33 173 56 

Midland 75 27 03 36 19 00 

Mill Creek 500 222 70 44 388 18 

Mine Run, 34 

Mount Carmel, ..225 13 40 06 

Madison 42 16 00 

Mt. Vernon, 181 40 27 22 28 46 

Mt. Zion (Page) 450 6 00 01 

Newport 5 

Needmore, 3 63 

Nokesville 200 84 44 42 34 03 

Valley, 312 116 73 37 289 67 

Powells Fort, . . 50 

Peach Grove 2 00 

Salem, 56 10 00 

Sangerville 504 41 45 08 83 45 



June 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



193 



Staunton, 75 

Thorn Bottom, . . 50 

Valley Bethel, . . 26 8 13 

Woodstock 150 4 50 03 22 20 

North Mill Creek 60 

Smith's Creek, . . 50 

Top of Allegheny 25 1 37 05 

Upper Lost River 195 9 00 04 

T'l by churches, $1386 66 $1985 25 

T'l by individ., 640 33 558 35 

Special 283 50 

Reported by Dis. 609 58 

Totals, 7008 $2636 57 $0 37 $2827 10 

First West Virginia. Membership 1695. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Allegheny 100 $ 00 $0 00 $ 00 

Bean Settlement 60 12 15 

Beaver Run, ....150 53 27 35 51 66 

Little Capon, . . 48 

Cheat River 40 

Greenland, 118 14 00 12 81 50 

German Settle- 
ment, 320 70 14 21 132 00 

Harmon 70 3 50 50 

Knobley 120 

New Creek, .... 35 



Pine Creek 90 

Red Creek 99 

Sandy Creek,' •'..' .250 10 02 04 64 70 

Seneca, 45 4 47 10 

Tearcoat 100 37 00 

Mill Run 10 

North Fork 40 

T'l by churches, $155 70 $379 01 

T'l by individ., 117 354 10 

Totals, 1695 $272 70 $0 16 $733 11 

Second West Virginia. Membership 355. 

No. Amt. Ch. Per Amt. Ch. 

Congregation. Memb. 1910. Capita. 1909. 

Bethany 60 $ 12 50 $0 20 $ 59 20 

Shiloh, 100 

Mt. Zion, 20 

Valley River, . . 60 

Pleasant Valley, 30 

Beans Chapel, . . 30 

Brady Gate 13 

Mill Creek, 42 

T'l by churches, $ 12 50 $ 59 20 

T'l by individ., 17 65 6 55 

Totals 355 $ 30 15 $0 08 $ 65 75 






\j ii Americas 

We Will not be able to 
donate to foreign Missions this 
rear Home expenses HQVd 



Blind 




ness. 



In 




Continent 
are 



the Dark 
there 
9^ 000,000 Pzgahs. 
fi, 000,000 rfloFia 'timed 'a us. 
8,060,000 ffonnHBf Christians 
1,060,000 Christian Coin muni 



194 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 




Elder Enoch Eby, Wnen 81 Years Old 



At 66. 



AN APPRECIATION 

By the Editor 



When a brother, dependent alone up- 
on the esteem of his brethren, should be 
called to serve on Standing Committee 
of our General Conference for seventeen 
years out of twenty-two, and chosen 
Moderator of the Conference eleven 
times in seventeen years, one may well 
know that he was a leading spirit in a 
time when merit had more to do with 
continuous service, than the force of rule 
which keeps one from succeeding him- 



self no matter how great his fitness. Such 
a leader was Elder Enoch Eby during 
the latter third of the last century, who 
finally at a good old age of eighty-one 
years, five months and eleven days, 
passed to his reward on April 26, 1910. 
He was the last surviving one of a 
family of five sons and four daughters 
who lived their earlier lives, in eastern 
Pennsylvania. True to his strong reli^ 
gious nature, early in life he united with 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



195 



the Church of the Brethren and in May, 
1851, was called to the ministry by the 
Augwick congregation of Pennsylvania. 
He preached the Word with power, and 
the Waddams Grove congregation of 
northern Illinois, recognizing his devo- 
tion, advanced him to the eldership in 
1864. He was bishop of this church for 
many years and under his spiritual lead- 
ership it was greatly blessed of the Lord. 

On November 19, 1847, he was mar- 
ried to Sister Hettie Howe, sister of 
Bishop William Howe, of sainted mem- 
ory, who lived and labored so well near 
Lewistown, Pa. To this union four sons 
and four daughters were given, the fol- 
lowing still living and serving the 
church: John G. Eby, of Summerville, 
Kans., whose son Enoch is on the India 
field; Annetta Yarger, of Lena, 111., at 
whose home the father spent his last 
days; David B. Eby, of Sunnyside, 
Wash., bishop of the church at that place 
and chairman of the District Mission 
Board of his District ; and L. H. Eby, of 
Payette, Idaho, who will be -better re- 
membered for his active labors in city 
mission work for a number of years at 
Fort W'ayne, Ind. Brother L. H. was 
the only one of the children not present 
at the father's funeral. Besides these, 
nineteen grandchildren and eleven great- 
grandchildren are living to receive the 
heritage of so earnest an ancestor. His 
wife having died in 1861, he was again 
married in 1864, this time to Anna Gil- 
fillen, who preceded him to the other 
world June 20, 1906. 

As a church worker he saved not him- 
self that the name of the Lord might be 
glorified. No matter what the sacrifice, 
when called and it was possible for him 
to go, he went. As a result he preached 
more funerals, solemnized more mar- 
riages, and perhaps officiated at more 
love feasts than any other bishop in the 
District during the time of his labors. 
But his efforts did not stop there. North- 
ern Illinois did not keep a record of its 



moderators when Brother Eby began 
active church work, and so it is not 
known when and how often he served in 
an official capacity for his own State Dis- 
trict. But one thing is recorded that in- 
terests the entire Brotherhood. In 1877 
Northern Illinois, moved by the mission- 
ary spirit that should prompt every mem- 
ber of the church, called a special district 
meeting, at which Brother Eby and wife 
and Paul Wetzel and wife were chosen 
to go to Denmark and open up a mission. 
Brother Wetzel could not go and Daniel 
Fry and wife went instead. They labored 
nearly a year in that field, and thus our 
first foreign work was begun and 
Brother Eby was the church's first for- 
eign missionary. 

Northern Illinois was represented on 
Standing Committee continuously from 
73 to '84 by Brother Eby. Within that 
time he was Reading Clerk in '75, 76, 
77, and 79, and Moderator in '78, '80, 
'81, '82, '83, '84. After he moved to 
southwest Kansas, in 1885, he represent- 
ed that District on Standing Committee, 
in '87, '88, '90, 94, and '95, serving also 
as Moderator in '87, '88, '90, '94, '95. In 
1889 he as cheerfully served as door- 
keeper as he ever served as Moderator. 
At the organization of the Book and 
Tract Work he was made chairman of 
the Tract Examining Board. In 1884, 
when the General Mission work was or- 
ganized under the present plan, he was 
made a member and by the Committee 
made its chairman. Then, in 1894, he was 
placed back on the Board and served 
two terms in succession. Of committees 
to churches, committees to draft plans 
for the enlargement of the various phases 
of church work, I have not sought to as- 
certain where and how he labored. 
Glancing over the records his name ap- 
pears so frequently that one may justly 
conclude that here he was again in the 
lead. 

In the Annual Report of the General 
Mission Board which appears in this is- 



196 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



sue will be found suitable resolutions 
which were passed when the Board was 
in session at the time of his death. 

I knew him as a " father in Israel " for 
the last twenty years. My first recollec- 
tion of him was in Board meeting. My 
youthful convictions had prompted me 
to prepare a tract on world-wide mis- 
sions. The Board had heard it read and 
after some discussion the chairman, 
Brother Eby, turned to me and said, 
" Brother. Galen, what you have written 
is true, but the church has not developed 
far enough along in missionary lines that 
it would be wise to publish your tract 
now." I never doubted the wisdom of 
the survey of the church on that day 
epitomized to me in the words of the 
chairman, for who was better acquainted 
with the temper of the Brotherhood than 
he? 

He was human. He had his weak- 
nesses to contend with as all others have. 
He made his mistakes and repented of 
them most humbly. Yet in spite of all 
these he labored long and well, and in 
childlike simplicity endured in the race 
which ended in a ripe old age. In his 
last days, though almost totally blind, it 
was the unusual that he was not seen at 
near-by love feasts, at almost every dis- 
trict meeting, and frequently at Annual 
Meetings, for he was happiest when in 
the midst of his brethren and with them 
devoutly worshiping the Lord. 



Bishop D. L. Miller, whose life par- 
alleled Brother Eby's much more than 
mine, has written so fittingly : 

In the days of his greatest activity Broth- 
er Enoch Eby was a leader among leaders 
and one of the strongest men in the 
church. His influence and his strength is 
evidenced by the fact that for fifteen years 
he was chosen either Reading Clerk or Mod- 
erator of our Annual Conference. He was 
peculiarly fitted for the duty. He had a 
splendid, well-modulated voice, which nev- 
er broke even at its highest pitch, and 
could be heard in the largest tabernacle to 
the limit of the largest crowd. He was 
eminently fair in his rulings and his pleas- 
ant manner endeared him to all. It. was 
often said he was the best Moderator we 
had. 

As a minister he ranked, in his prime, 
among the very best pulpit orators in the 
church. How well I remember how his 
eloquence thrilled me when I first heard 
him preach fifty years ago at a love feast 
held in a barn in northern Illinois. He had 
none of the artificial niceties of the elocu- 
tionary art. His speech was natural and un- 
studied and came warm from the heart. He 
was able to move audiences as few men 
could in his time. He was not a debater, 
as was his ablest contemporary, Brother 
R. H. Miller. His power lay in exhortation 
and appeals to the heart and emotions rath- 
er than to the reason, and he never failed 
to carry his audience with him. He was 
emotional, kind-hearted, courteous, geniaJ, 
and put his soul into his work. Few who 
knew him well will ever forget his hearty 
handshake and his warm greetings. 

He had the advantage of living his life 
fully out. As years count between two eter- 
nities he was an old man when the Lord 
called him hence. His energies were pro- 
longed and only a year ago one of our lead- 
ing men said Brother Enoch made the best 
talk given at our ministerial meeting. May 
his soul rest in peace. 



YOUR HEAVENLY FATHER KNOWETH 



There are two words of light divine 
That fall upon this heart of mine, 
That thrill me in the hour of gain, 
That still me in the hour of pain; 
Two words endued with magic power: 
He knows. 

As summer breezes, cool and sweet, 
Bring rest, relief from toil and heat; 
As showers, needed as they fall 
Renew, refresh, and comfort all — 
So to my feverish heart is given 
This loving message fresh from heaven: 
He knows. 



My fainting heart finds strength in this, 
My hungry heart here seeks its bliss; 
Here ansrv billows never surgre. 
Here death can never sing its dirge; 
My rising fears, with murmuring fraught. 
Find sudden calm beneath this thought: 
He knows. 

O lullabv for children grown! 
O nectar sweet for lips that moan! 
O balm to stricken hearts oppressed! 
O pillow where worn heads may rest! 
All jov, all comfort in thee meet, 
O blessed words surpassing sweet: 
He knows. 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



197 



THE STAR OF HOPE, OR 
HOPELESS SORROW 

P. H. Jones 




HICH saying is more 
true — " One touch of 
Nature makes the 
whole world kin/' or 
"East is East and 
West is West } and 
never the twain shall 
meet "■? One is equally 
£\^iff^ surprised, day by. day, 
" ji— =S=lJ at the likeness and the 
difference between the 
people here and at home. This was espe- 
cially borne in upon me on my last tour, 
when I visited two houses where the peo- 
ple were mourning the loss of loved ones. 

The first house was that of one of our 
Hill evangelists, Nulafru, who had lost 
a little girl of seven just a week before. 
As I approached the house, he came out 
weeping bitterly, and, kneeling on the 
ground, clasped me by the feet, saying, 
" Great trouble has come to me." I took 
him by the hand and led him into the 
house, and let him pour out the whole 
story. 

He told of her illness, of the times of 
hope and the times when hope was aban- 
doned ; and of the funeral, when the little 
grave was dug in the jungle, and all the 
poor around were invited to a feast. " She 
was such a good girl," he sobbed ; " so 
obedient and trustworthy. None of her 
sisters are anything like as useful. And 
she was so tall and fine for her age ! 
There was no girl anywhere around 
equal to her to look at. Why was she 
taken away from us ? I am like one man 
with grief ; and then I think, ' Our Father 
has called her to His home. He wants 
her; why should we say no? But my 
mind will not rest, for when I see her 



little garments hung up there and her 
playthings, then the grief comes back 
again." 

There were tears in the eyes of the 
men standing around, and the boy, who 
is usually riding around the yard on a 
cow or engaged in some such pranks, 
moved about gently and spoke in a whis- 
per. How small are the differences of 
language and race when we are faced by 
the great realities of life. 

But turn from this Christian home, 
where we stand on the threshold of 
heaven, to a Buddhist home, where death 
brings us to the darkness and mystery of 
the Unknown. 

The headman's wife had died, and all 
the people from the villages around were 
gathering for the funeral. A gayal had 
been killed for the feast. Its head was 
fixed up- on the front of the house, and 
its flesh was stewing in a long series of 
earthen pots over a row of fires in the 
roadway. 

On entering the house, we found the 
dead woman propped up into a sitting 
position in the middle of the room. Her 
relations were sitting around her, wailing 
bitterly in time to a guitar that one of. 
them was playing. The tears were . 
streaming down their faces, and I do not 
imagine that their grief was any the less 
sincere on account of the weird musical 
accompaniment. But the whole scene, 
with the hopelessness of the grief, thrilled 
one with horror. 

The corpse was dressed in her best 
clothes, with all her ornaments on, and 
all the finery of the house was hung 
around her, that the spirit might gaze up- 
on these things for the last time. In the 



198 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 




Without hope to cheer the tomb." 



evening the body was to be taken some 
distance down the stream on a raft, and 
burnt at a suitable spot with the usual 
Buddhist rites. 

That night, as we sat round the flicker- 
ing wood fire some one asked, " Do you 
know what the headman's wife died of?" 

" No." 

" Satan broke her neck." 

" What do } r ou mean ? " 

" There is a demon in this district, and 
wherever he goes some one is found 
dead; and when they are examined, it is 
found that their necks are broken. And 
people whisper' that when they went to 
see the headman's wife, they noticed that 
her neck was broken." 

"And do you really believe in de- 
mons?" 

" Yes, indeed ! Why, not far from 
here there is the Martamori Satan." 

"And what is that ? " 

" On the banks of the Martamori River 
there live people who are possessed with 
demons. The sick go to them and are 



healed. The childless go, and if they but 
say the word, then in due course a child 
is born to them. But in this very dis- 
trict there are two young men and a 
woman, all of whom went raving mad 
after going to consult the Martamori Sa- 
tan. They wander in the jungle, and 
during fits of madness are able to break 
logs of wood in pieces." 

The next day one of these madmen 
was pointed out to me; but whether his 
madness was in any way connected with 
consulting familiar spirits is more than 
I can say. Certainly the power of Satan 
is very strong in heathen lands, and it is 
in the face of calamity and death that one 
realizes the great difference that faith in 
Jesus makes. 

Our death-beds are guarded by angels. 
but the death-beds of the heathen are 
haunted by demons. Our ^arkest night 
is lighted by the star of hope, but theirs is 
hopeless sorrow, the black darkness of 
eternal separation. — Illustrated Mission- 
ary Nezvs. 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



199 



A BHIL FUNERAL 



Wilbur B. Stover 




YING at rest, years 
ago, in a familiar Bhil 
hut during the heated 
part of the day, were 
three warriors of the 
battlefield, talking 
over the crucial points 
of the warfare which 
was waging; three, I 
said, McCann, Lichty, 
Stover, when the 
sound of a gun was heard. Up they 
sprang all at once, for they understood 
what it meant; there was a Bhil funeral 
on, and this was the signal for the people 
to gather. Again the gun fired. And yet 
again. The missionaries assembled with 
the people under a tree where was a 
dead woman lying on a common country- 
made cot, and a few people had gathered. 
It was not long to wait. From all sides 
came the Bhil population, several with 
large old-fashioned guns, others with 
sticks, and others with little parcels in 
their hands. Then out into the open 
went several men, one with a drum, one 
with cymbals, the others with guns. They 
danced and fired the guns as the clang- 
ing of the cymbals and the beating of the 
drum continued. They thrust at each 
other with the point of the guns. They 
seemed about to enter into a duel after 
some fashion of an olden time of which 
we had read but very little, and imagined 
not very much. The man with a gun 
thrust at the drummer, and he dodged 
the thrust. Again he jumped at him. 
Again he dodged the thrust. Then he 
struck, then he parleyed, then he raised 
his gun to strike him from above, each 
endeavor to overcome the drummer be- 
ing successfully avoided by some skilful 
move. Then at an unexpected moment 
the drummer caught the end of the gun, 



refused to let go, and the man with the 
gun quietly submitted, for he was 
worsted in the game, the other had won 
out, and he must pay the price of peace. 
So he laid down his gun, walked up to 
the drummer and handed him some small 
coins, which he adroitly put into his 
pocket, and they walked back to the side 
of the corpse together. 

As we looked upon these tricks or 
games we could not help but feel that 
here is the remnant of a long-subdued 
people, suppressed, downtrodden, hope- 
less, helpless, and these customs are re- 
tained by them, sole proof of what they 
once must have been, before the Aryan 
invasion of India many centuries ago, 
when they were in full possession of all 
the land, when the Rajas were Bhils and 
the people were Bhils, and there was 
none to question the man who was the 
strongest of all. Once warriors, now 
servants and slaves to all the others ! No 
wonder in India that all the people feel 
that government may be ever so good, 
yet none can tell what will happen next ; 
one's position in life may be good or 
evil, yet none can tell what turn the 
" wheel of life " may take in a few short 
hours, and where he will be landed on 
the next turn ! 

After a little time for chitchat, all 
things were ready, swords had been tied 
at the head end of the bed, one at each 
corner, the bearers, four, raised the cot 
to their shoulders and away they went on 
a hurried trot! We ran after them, not 
to speak at all irreverently, but some- 
thing like small boys run to a fire, the 
whole company following as best they 
could. Across the fields, taking a straight 
cut to the place they would go, in the 
mixed and irregular procession of men, 
women and children we also followed. 



200 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



These people, our kinsmen in a sense, we 
wanted to see how they disposed of their 
dead, for it is a matter of great interest, 
in the history of the races of earth, how 
varied this question has been. 

About a half mile away, by the side of 
a river, they placed the bed on the grass, 
laid the guns down near by, and went 
about in a hurried manner, to gather fire- 
wood and prepare to burn the body there. 
Soon they had a pile erected about two 
feet to three feet high, and on it placed 
the body of the deceased woman. Then 
the women wept, and the men marched 
round the pile. How natural to life all 
the world over, human life, the unregen- 
erated life, the men do the marching, and 
the women weep meanwhile ! Then they 
placed a lighted pipe in her mouth, and 
supposed that she was taking a last good 
puff at the weed they all like so well. 
They took it out of her mouth and put it 
in their own and puffed a bit, and then 
placed it in her mouth again, thus mak- 
ing themselves sure she would get some. 
Then, the pipe removed, they put a small 
coin in her mouth, and some bread close 
by the side of her head. And then a stal- 
wart Bhil came up with the bottle, and 
gave her a drink from it, pouring the 
liquor down the dead woman's throat ! 
Poor things ! What do they ■ think ! 
Really, it is custom, and in carrying out 
customs it is not safe to think much. And 
these poor souls just do as their fathers 
did, without thinking. These ceremonies 
were carried on for a sufficient length of 
time, ^ and then other firewood of a less 
weighty nature was piled on top of the 
corpse, and the whole prepared for the 
burning. Fire was taken from the ves- 
sel in which burning coals had been 
brought from her own hearth, and with 
the brands a-burning, a man at each end 
of the corpse, they started running round 
the pile, round the bier, faster and faster, 
till seven times they had surrounded it, 
when one at each end, at the head one 
and the other at the foot, they stopped 
and set fire to the wood. 



Then came rest, as the flames rolled 
higher and higher and higher. The men, 
tired w r ith the ceremonies they had been 
carrying out, sat down and watched the 
fire burn. The women went weeping 
down the embankment to the water side, 
where, unseen, they all bathed and were 
purified. Meanwhile, we missionaries 
quietly preached to the listening com- 
pany of men, who w T ere eager to know 
how and why we did differently. We 
asked not many questions. They do not 
know why they do these things. They 
only know it is the custom, and there- 
fore, — who can change the custom ? But 
we preached to them the Christ, who 
gives eternal life, and who frees us from 
all meaningless, foolish ideas, and makes 
us new creatures by Grace. As the fire 
crept up, and before it was too late, sev- 
eral went to the head of the corpse, and 
quietly removed what they had placed 
there. One took the money from her 
mouth, another took a little water vessel 
he had deposited there, and another took 
a splendid copper cooking vessel. She 
might have thought she would heed 
them, but we have need of them now ! 
After the burning, the men, too, went to 
the water side and bathed. 

Just today I was at another Bhil fun- 
eral, and this brought vividly to my mind 
the one we attended together several 
years ago. There were no guns in this 
ceremony, the men in the dance using a 
bamboo stick instead. And they had, of 
course, no shooting in the procession as 
they hurried forward towards the place 
of burial. Without a coffin, wrapping 
the body in a new silken cloth, they bury 
it deep in the ground, and wonder about 
the other world, all unknown to them, 
but yet a supposed fact. They think they 
will live again. When or where or how, 
they do not know. How should a Bhil 
know? But the fact to them is undeni- 
able. 

Looking upon these poor people, 
whose customs in so many things are so 
peculiar, whose bodies are so strong and 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



201 



who are for endurance and suffering so 
hard to excel, both men and women, I 
have come to feel that as they must cer- 
tainly have a romantic, an important, 
though unwritten past, so in the provi- 
dence of God they may have a greater 
part in the future ages. Ah, and there is 
no reason why thev will not. They need 



to know the Savior, and they will come 
to know Him. They need to have a De- 
liverer, and they will find Him. And 
then once again they will come into their 
own inheritance, their own natural state, 
a free, untrammeled life, with an addi- 
tional hope, that of the great hereafter. 



UPPER AND UNDER CURRENTS 



E. H. Ebv 



8&T 

Hi 



NDIA is a country 
given to religious fes- 
tivals. Every god has 
his day. The birth- 
day, death, or some 
striking event in the 
legendary history of 
the god or goddess is 
the occasion for the 
assembling of great 
crowds. These reli- 
gious festivals are so much a part of the 
social life that it becomes a serious prob- 
lem how to supply a substitute for those 
who become servants of the true God and 
followers of His Son, our Savior. The 
Roman Church makes little effort to 
change the nature of the festivals, only 
the names of the objects of worship be- 
ing changed. The other extreme is to 
urge a complete and unequivocal separa- 
tion from everything that is suggested 
by heathenism. The middle ground be- 
tween these extremes is found to be the 
wisest position and one full of blessing 
for the people of India whose religious 
nature should be fostered and guided 
into right channels of expression. Hence 
there has sprung up in various parts of 
India a system of annual meetings for 
the native Christians and missionaries, 
impressive not only for the numbers as- 
sembled but for the deeply-spiritual tone 
of the whole assembly. Such a Chris- 



tian convention is held annually at Sail- 
kot, in the Punjab. The Holy Spirit has 
been present in very great power at sev- 
eral of these conventions, and many lives 
have been transformed. Another such 
gathering is in Assam, where not less 
than five thousand of the hill tribes come 
together to worship God. Another is at 
Jubbalpor, and there are still others. 

Feeling deeply the need of such a 
Christian gathering for the deepening of 
the spiritual life of the 30,000 Christians 
in Western India it was decided six 
months ago to undertake the holding of 
such a convention in a place centrally 
located for the convenience of those who 
should attend. Committees were ap- 
pointed to arrange for this, the first 
gathering of the kind in Gujarat. An- 
nouncements were printed and sent to 
all the missions, asking the Christians to 
join in prayer for this great meeting and 
also for as many as possible to arrange 
to attend. Many earnest prayers were of- 
fered for months previous to the time of 
meeting by those on whose heart the 
burden of the spiritual welfare of our 
Christian community rested heavily. 
March 17 to 21 was the time appointed 
for the convention. 

At the time appointed some seventy 
missionaries and fifteen hundred native 
Christians gathered from all parts of 
Western India, from Bombay to Pun- 



202 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 

1910 



jab, from where several invited guests 
came to help. It was a time of expect- 
ancy. The assembly was composed large- 
ly of workers from the various missions, 
so that it was felt to be a tremendous op- 
portunity for the uplifting of the spirit- 
ual life of the entire Christian commu- 
nity through those who are the leaders. 
And indeed it was an opportunity worthy 
of the cause for which we were gathered. 
God's presence was felt from the very 
first service. 

The native Christians were lodged in 
booths made of tall grass; it was a ver- 
itable feast of tabernacles. And it was a 
burden on many hearts that it might be 
a feast of first fruits in the spiritual life 
of many present. It so proved, for the 
gathering of so many in the name of 
Jesus could not help but give a sense of 
strength and stability to many who be- 
fore had no idea of the size and strength 
of the Christian community in West In- 
dia. The very fact of numbers inspired 
many to new courage. Then the many 
new acquaintances formed, and the 
sight of Christians from every mission 
in Gujarat living and eating together 
created a sense of unity in the Lord 
which did not before exist to any degree. 
For this we were glad. 

But all this is but the outer and visible 
aspect of the convention. What about 
the under current — the movement of the 
Spirit in that vast assembly? It is im- 
possible to give an adequate conception 
of the impressive contrast between an 
ordinary Hindu festival and this Chris- 
tian convention : the one characterized by 
abandonment to fleshly pleasure, the 
other by a deep desire for spiritual bene- 
fit; the one noisy, frivolous, and gaudy, 
the other quiet, attentive, and free from 
ostentation. Every speaker was mani- 
festly under the power of the Spirit with 
a message straight from the throne. 
There was deep heart searching and at 
times intense soul struggle and crying 
in anguish of spirit as the sense of per- 



sonal sin grew in the presence of the hol- 
iness of Jesus, who was continually held 
up before all in his beauty and loveliness. 
But blessed and helpful as all this was, 
there was a still deeper current of life, 
without a knowledge of which the con- 
vention itself could not be explained. 
Every incandescent in the home or on 
the street presupposes an electro-dy- 
namo. So every spiritual blessing, every 
manifestation of power in the congrega- 
tion or in any individual was but the ex- 
pression of a spiritual force generated 
in the power-house of the convention. 
It was the prayer room, the watch tower 
in which God set His own watchmen, 
who took no rest and gave Him no rest 
till He had made His own name glorious 
in the eyes of that multitude of believers. 
Men on whom God had laid heavily the 
burden of prayer were seen in the public 
assembly only when called upon to de- 
liver a message. At other times they 
were in the prayer room waiting before 
God for His blessing upon the multitude. 
Through the long hours of the night they 
kept watch before God till break of day : 
then as the services of the day proceeded 
they still waited before Him from whom 
all blessings come. In the midnight 
hours God spoke the sweetest messages 
of promise and comfort from His Word 
to these whose ears were turned heaven- 
ward. Praise was on their lips continu- 
ally. Through the day and far into the 
night the prayer room was frequented by 
many, and each afternoon there was a 
special prayer meeting of the mission- 
aries. But not for a single hour of any 
night throughout the four days of the 
convention were the fires of intercession 
allowed to smolder on the altar. God 
sent two men from the Punjab especially 
for this ministry of intercession. They 
were His set watchmen. Others learned 
from them the lesson and gave them- 
selves up to prayer also and were greatly 
blessed. " God worketh for him who 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



203 



waiteth for Him " was a promise to 
which they held in simple faith. 

Straight from this mountain-top ex- 
perience we came to Anklesvar for the 
series of meetings to be held in connec- 
tion with the district meeting. It would 
be a matter for surprise and deep regret 
if something of the spirit of that meet- 
ing should not have been breathed into 
this one. This was our hope and prayer 
and we were not disappointed. As at the 
other, so here there were the upper and 
lower currents of experience and of pow- 
er. The prayer room was for the first 
time in our history made a real and vital 



part of the services. This was the power 
house. In the quiet of this room there 
was a very real entering into fellowship 
with Christ in His suffering ; there were 
visions of the travail of His soul for 
men. God laid His hand on those whom 
He chose to deliver His messages. Never 
before had such a blessing come to our 
beloved church in India. And the com- 
ing days and months will reveal the real- 
ity and the depth of the spiritual bless- 
ings received. May He still have His 
way in our lives, and may the altar fires 
be kept burning brightly each day. 
Amen. 



INDIA MISSION BOARD 

J. M. Blough 




NE year ago the Mis- 
sion Board of the 
First District of India 
was elected and or- 
ganized, and a sum of 
$125 was put into 
their hands, at district 
meeting. This sum 
was the result of the 
action of the district 
meeting of the pre- 
vious year which recommended that all 
the churches observe a week of self- 
denial and bring their savings for the 
purpose of preaching the Gospel through- 
out our District, or Home Mission Work. 
The churches did well and when the 
above amount was announced enthusiasm 
ran high and everybody rejoiced. This 
marked an epoch in our India Mission 
work. 

The Board met at once and decided 
to select a suitable place and locate a 
worker as soon as possible as they 
thought the amount was large enough to 



warrant such action. Within a month 
the place was selected and arrangements 
made for building a house. The house 
cost $30. The worker was selected and 
in less than three months after district 
meeting the worker was at his new sta- 
tion. It is in the southern part of Raj 
Pipla State among a hopeful people. The 
worker made friends among the people 
and almost every evening some of the 
neighbors came in for study and song. 
But monsoon was upon them and the 
long, hard, unhealthy season brought 
sickness into the family and death took 
away one of their little boys, and the 
other one also took sick. It was too much 
for the parents and they became fright- 
ened and discouraged and so left the 
work. But while there they had a good 
influence and their faith in Jesus during 
their sorrow was a splendid testimony to 
the people. 

After a delay of two months another 
worker was secured and he has taken up 
the work encouragingly. Of course the 



204 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



break in the work is to be lamented, but 
it could not be helped. At the end of the 
year $16 was left in the treasury. We 
were especially anxious to know how 
well the churches would stand by the 
work another year, and so imagine our 
joy and gratitude when in the missionary 
meeting the collection from the churches 
reached the surprising sum of $182. It 
was a splendid meeting and a splendid 
collection and showed that the churches 
were willing to support the work they 
had Undertaken. In this collection a new 
kind of self-denial was manifested. For 
several months a few of the workers gave 
a tenth of their monthly wage and so 



gave far above the average, and it is 
hoped that the spirit will spread and 
many will be willing to do as much. This 
would bring a large sum into the treas- 
ury. 

We are sad to say that in January one 
member of the Mission Board died, so at 
this meeting another was elected to fill 
his place. The two members whose term 
expired were reelected for three years. 
The new Board had a meeting and it is 
likely that a second worker will be put 
into the field this year. Pray for this 
work that it may grow. 

Biilsar, India, March 29, ipio. 



A BIT OF CHINESE CUSTOM 



More About the Officials 




NLY a short time ago 
several of us mis- 
sionaries were invited 
to a dinner (feast) at 
the home of the Offi- 
cial on Foreign Af- 
fairs. 

This was the first 
of the kind for the 
writer and knowing 
the extreme lot of 
red tape that goes with'^a meeting of this 
kind he naturally shook a bit for fear of 
offending the magistrate. On inquiry 
with a missionary of much experience I 
was informed that the official would 
know that I was a newcomer and he 
would look over the mistakes that I 
made if Imade any. Well here we go 
toward the feast and tho it was but a 
short distance we must get a cart and go 
in that for fear we would bring repute of 
an ill kind to the official. We must have 
a servant to accompany us who sat on 
the outside of the cart and carried our 
card case in plain sight so the street 



people could see. Arriving at the gate 
we must stay in the cart till bidden to 
get out. The card was presented and. an 
invitation sent out that we should alight 
and enter. This we did and as was un- 
derstood we must dress in the best we 
had or again we would not show the 
proper decorum to our host. We were 
met at the second gate by the servant of 
the official who walked ahead of us 
carrying our cards to the door of the 
house of the magistrate and. here we 
were met by the host himself. After a 
lot of formalities that were strained in 
the extreme to me we were bidden to 
enter. Again we must take the proper 
order for the oldest guest must go first. 
Then once inside we had a great fuss 
about being seated. For here the seats 
of honor were and must be observed in 
the strictest manner. The senior mis- 
sionary knew well that nothing would do 
but that he should take the principal 
seat but the custom is that he must ob- 
ject a while and urge others before he is 
to be seated. The same process must be 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



205 



gone thru with each guest, the host 
selecting the seat and doing the urging 
required to get the- guest to take the 
selected seat. 

Next we must do our little visiting be- 
fore dinner for once the meal is over the 
custom is to leave at once. Again we 
must go thru a lot of custom in being 
seated at the table for here again the 
seats of honor must be observed. The 
host selected the place and after our 
proper objections were thru we took the 
seat proposed. 

Dinner was served and we were off at 
once. Here again the peculiar thing 
happened for your own servant must 
come in and help you on with coat and 
hat and not the host's servants. 

The leave taking must be a very sol- 
emn occasion which was a most difficult 
task for the writer. 

The host if he is pleased with his 
guests (which in this case he was) in- 
sists on going out to the cart with the 



guests. Again we must object from the 
very start even tho we know if he does 
not. go it is a mark of disrespect and 
passersby would at once imagine that 
we had been kicked out by the magis- 
trate for he did not accompany us to the 
outer gate. We had to pass two or three 
gates after leaving the door of the house 
and each time we must go thru all of this 
objecting which is purely custom. Once 
at the outer gate we must not stand and 
talk but make a solemn bow and walk 
quickly to the cart, get in and drive 
away without looking back at the host. 

Now reader, don't you think with the 
writer that all that is a lot of custom for 
one trip ? yet if we do not observe it we 
are stamped as unlearned and not caring 
for our host's good wishes and friend- 
ship. We must observe a bit of Chinese 
custom if we would stay in China with 
any standing. 

F. H. Crumpacker, 

Tax Yuan Fu, Shansi, China. 



A GREAT MISSIONARY AGE 

Ida M. Helm 



E are living in the era 
of the dispensation of 
the Spirit, a great 
missionary age. Never 
before in the history 
of the Church of the 
Brethren was there so 
much being done for 
missions as there is 
today ; never before 
were there more fields 
ripe for the harvest and open to mis- 
sions than there are at the present time. 
Through the pulpits, the Sunday school, 
the Christian Workers, the Volunteer 
Mission Band, and individual workers, 
wherever the spirit of missions is mani- 
fest God is calling workers into the field. 
The study of missions and the great 




need of a world lost from God, lying in 
sin and ruin, and of God's marvelous plan 
of salvation is a fascinating study. As we 
become familiar with it and understand 
more fully the needs of the " field white 
unto the harvest " our hearts vibrate with 
sympathy and we respond more liberally 
to the work of the Master. 

More than a hundred years ago, before 
the church had awakened to her duty to- 
ward the heathen, William Carey read 
Captain Cook's " Voyage Around the 
World." His mind caught a vision of 
the vast multitude of people that were 
ignorant of the Gospel and God's plan of 
salvation. His heart went out in sym- 
pathy to them; he realized keenly the 
needs of a dying world ; he appealed to 

(Continued on Page 210.) 



.206 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




d " Men ought always to pray and not 
to faint." That means the last hour as 
well as the first, prayer the whole way 
through. We should always hold out to 
the end, for that is vital to the results. It 
means " Wait, I say, wait on the Lord." 

C At the recent Board meeting the 
counsel, help and presence of Brother 
Steven Berkebile were much appreciated. 
Having just returned from the field he 
was able to impart much to those who 
have been permitted to talk with him. 
His improvement in health is not rapid, 
and yet he is making progress, and he 
and his wife, Norie, who is so well 
known through her touching appeals in 
behalf of missions as well as other con- 
tributions, expect to be at Annual Meet- 
ing and shake hands with their many 
friends. 

C Seeing then that we have a great high 
priest, that is passed into the heavens, 
Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast 
our profession (Heb. 4: 14). 

C Sister Minerva Metzger, of Rossville, 
Ind., is happy in the thought of service 
for the Master on the foreign field. Some 
time this summer, as soon after Annual 
Meeting as proper arrangements will be 
made, she will sail for her future field 
in China. 

C Let your conversation be as it becom- 
eth the gospel of Christ (Philpp. 1 : 27). 

C April 2, 1910, will be an historic day 
in the annals of our Chinese missions. 
On that date two Chinese men were bap- 
tized by Bishop F. H. Crumpacker in the 
lake outside of the city of Tai Yuen Fu. 



They were among those who lived and 
helped Brother Hilton, and Sister Horn- 
ing says in her letter, " will make good 
workers." 

C But one thing is needful : and Mary 
hath chosen that good part, which shall 
not be taken away from her (Luke 
10:42). 

C Brother Jesse Emmert and wife had 
a most pleasant as well as helpful visit 
on the Pacific slope. They are now near 
Chicago, waiting the coming Annual 
Meeting, which both expect to attend. 
Brother Emmert is full of enthusiasm for 
industrial work in India and has sub- 
mitted some splendid plans to the Board's 
approval. 

C The Lord shall deliver me from every 
evil work, and will preserve me unto hie 
heavenly kingdom (2 Tim. 4: 18). 

C Sister Mary Quinter is spending the 
all too-rapidly flying days with her 
mother in Huntingdon, Pa. After hear- 
ing through a private letter an account of 
the late Board meeting she was much 
pleased to know what had been done. She 
is busy visiting churches about Hunting- 
don, Pa., and expects to be at Confer- 
ence. 

CL Sister Horning, from China, writes: 
" The Lord is leading wonderfully. The 
prayers of the home church are hourly 
opening up the work. But oh, we need 
some workers to begin the study of the 
language next fall. Our new station has 
the advantage of being close to the rail- 
road, giving us direct communication 
with the coast." 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



207 



C But my God shall supply all your need 
according to his riches in glory by Christ 
Jesus (Philp'p. 4: 19). 

C J- S. Shoemaker, Freeport, 111., secre- 
tary of the Mennonite Board of Missions 
and Charities, accompanied by J. S. Hart- 
zler, of Goshen, Ind., sails June 4 to the 
" far East." They expect to visit Scot- 
land, England, Germany, Switzerland, 
Italy, Palestine, Egypt, India, and other 
countries. They have written for the ad- 
dresses of the missions of the Brethren 
and hope to give our stations a call. This 
I am sure will be. well pleasing to our 
missionaries, who are always glad to 
welcome visitors from the home land. 

d In the Mirror and Reflector for April 
Southern Illinois was not represented. 
Later the desired information was se- 



cured and it is herewith given for the 
benefit of any who may wish to have 
these data also. The amounts contrib- 
uted to District Missions are simply giv- 
en in this item : Astoria, $183.45 ; Alli- 
son Prairie, $14.50; Big Creek, $19.60 
Bear Creek, $12.20; Blue Ridge, $35.75 
Cole Creek, $9.35 ; Cerro Gordo, $288.10 
Hudson, $40.65 ; Hurricane Creek, 
$19.20; Kaskaskia, $8.40; La Motte 
Prairie, $30.95; Liberty, $31.50; Mar- 
tins Creek, $24.20; Macoupin Creek, 
$82.70; Mulberry Grove, $25.80; Mt. 
Vernon $7.20; Oak Grove, $4.70; Oak- 
ley, $94.60; Okaw, $247.30; Panther 
Creek, $142.40; Pleasant Hill, $173.00; 
Romine, $10.95 ; Sugar Creek, $62.60 ; 
Salem, $21.00; Spring Run, $13.75 ; West 
Otter, $45.60; Woodland, $119.25. To- 
tal, $1,793.85. 



SUNDAY SCHOOL IN DENMARK 

Karen M. Jorgenson 



It seemed very difficult at first, coming 
to this new place to start a Sunday 
school, to begin, as there were already 
two Sunday schools, one well equipped 
and having been run for many years and 
belonging to the Baptist church, while 
the other belonged to the Lutheran 
church. The parents interested in Sun- 
day school had their children attending 
one or the other of these schools. Still, I 
could not help but think on some means 
by which I could get some children inter- 
ested in us and our little effort. To that 
end I invited some children with their 
mothers to come to us to a little feast for 
the children, and oh, what an evening it 
was ! I do feel that it pays to put forth 
efforts out of love for God and fellowmen. 

After some singing, prayer and praise 
were offered to the God and Good Fa- 
ther, who shows His love to us, the chil- 
dren of men, in so great a measure. Then 
a New Testament was placed in the 
hands of all who could read and one 



chapter was read through, verse by verse, 
every one in his turn, and then with the 
contents of the chapter of the Good Book 
before us, I tried to declare of that abun- 
dant love of our heavenly Father as 
shown to us in His beloved Son. 

After this, chocolate and cake were 
served, and all were again seated. Song 
and prayer were offered. Then I told 
them that if there were those who do not 
attend Sunday school I thought of start- 
ing one and that all would be very wel- 
come. Then a mother came and told me 
that I could be sure of her children and 
some others said that they would come. 
The next Sunday we had an attendance 
of eighteen, and the enrollment has in- 
creased to almost double that number. 
All praise and honor to Him who in 
grace has permitted us to labor in His 
great harvest. The harvest truly is plen- 
teous but the laborers are few. Beloved 
in the Lord, pray for us, 

Sindal, Denmark. 



208 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



Financial Report 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR 

April 
1909 

World-Wide, $ 70S 22 

India, - 703 37 

Miscellaneous, 91 97 



THE VISITOR FOR APRIL 1910. 



$1,500 56 



April 
1910 
$ 913 86 
584 22 
14 80 

$1,511 88 



Increase. 
$208 64 



$ 11 32 



Decrease. 

$120 15 

77 17 



Correction. — In the " Mirror and Reflector " 
on District Mission Work which appeared in 
the April Visitor $26.30 of the amount credited 
to Arnold's Grove church, Northern Illinois 
should have been credited to the Mt. Carroll 
congregation. 

During the month of April the General 
Mission Board sent out 76,123 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board wishes to ac- 
knowledge the receipt of the following dona- 
tions for the month of April, 1910: 

WORLD-WIDE. 

Indiana — $244.56. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Rock Run, $ 17 76 

Individuals. 

Thomas Cripe, $5; D. L. Voorhees, 
$3.80; I. S. Burns (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Wm. Hess (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, •.....• 9 80 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Spring Creek, . 6 00 

Individuals. 

Trustees of Flora congregation, tie- 
quest of Eliz. Overholser, deceased, 200 00 
Southern District, Sunday School. 

Anderson - 5 00 

Individuals. 

A brother, $5; Pearl Pheanis, $1, . . 6 00 

Pennsylvania- — $216.89. 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

Hatfield, $42; Ephrata, $26.50; White 
Oak, $24.42; Midway, $20; Springville, 
$12; Ridgely, $11.41; Conestoga, 

$10.96 147 29 

Individuals. 

Anna M. Brunner, $10; Cassie Yod- 

er, $2; John C. Zug, $1 13 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Upper Cumberland, $12.85; Hanover 

$12 24 85 

Sunday School. 

Three Spring, Perry Congregation, 
$6; Florence Reddig's S. S. Class, 

Waynesboro, $1.50, . -. 7 50 

Individuals. 

Solomon Strauser, $3; Mrs. Sarah 
M. Attick, $2; Mrs. Martha Hollinger, 

$1.50 6.50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Lewistown, $10.88; Spring Run, 

$3.47 . 14 35 

Individual. 

Anna H. Sell, 1 00 

Western District, Individuals. 

Lawrence Christner, $1; Grace 
Gnagey, $1; W. M. Howe, (marriage 

notice), 50 cents 2 50 

California — $95.07. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South Los Angeles, $16; Glendora, 
$15.37; Tropico, $10.75; Egan, $9.75, 51 87 

Individuals. 

Fannie E. Light, $30; Joseph Steph- 



ens, $6.20; Walter and Selma Steph- 
ens, $2.50; Mrs. Dora Fortner, $2; 
Sarah Kuns, $2; J. W. Trostle, (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents, $ 

Ohio— $94.84. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Geo. Hartsough, $22; " E. D. M." 
$1; Nellie Shock, 50 cents; Ruth 

Harnish, 50 cents, 

Northwest District, Congregations. 

North Poplar Ridge, $13.89; Lick 

Creek, $13.10; Portage, $10, 

Individuals. 

A brother, , 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Wolf Creek, 

Individuals. 

Sam Erbaugh, $1; Floyd and Loren 
Miller, $1; Wm. Minnich (marriage 

notice), 50 cents 

Western Colorado — $62.75. 
Congregations. 

First Grand Valley, . . 

Individuals. 

Nancy D. Underhill, $3; D. M. Click 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Illinois— $53.41. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Rock River, 

Individuals. 

L. J. Gerdes, $5; Mrs. Ellen Zill- 

hart, $1, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Cerro Gordo, $21.26; Oakley, $19.55, 
Individuals. 

M. D. Hershey, $2.60; W. A. Gar- 

ber, $1, 

Iowa— $29.76. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

J. M. Albright, $10; Lizzie E. Ogg, 
«2 
Middle District, Sunday School. 

Panther Creek, 

Individuals. 

F M. Royer, $2.50; F. M. Royer for 
Mrs. C. B. Royer, $2; A. C. Snowberg- 

er (marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Southern District, Individual. 

A. W. Miller (marriage notice), 
Maryland— $27.30. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Dr. P. D. Fahrney (marriage no- 
tice), ' 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, Brownsville, 

Individuals. 

Martha Ellenberger 

North Dakota — $23.68. 
Congregation. 

Snyder Lake, 

Sunday School. 

Prairie Home, Ray Cong., 

Individuals. 

A sister in Christ, $10; J. M. Fike, 
$3; J. H. Brnbaker (marriage notice), 



43 20 



24 00 



36 


90 


2 


00 


29 


35 


2 


50 


59 


25 


3 


50 


3 


00 


6 


00 


40 


SI 



3 60 



12 


00 


12 


26 


5 


00 




50 




50 


26 


55 




25 


7 


4S 


2 


70 



June 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



200 



50 cents $ 13 50 

Virginia — $11.00. 
Individuals. 

Sarah J. Hylton, $1: Wm. Panne- 
baker, $1 2 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Greenmount 3 00 

Individuals. 

A brother and sister, $5; A. Conner 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; J. R. 
Kindig (marriage notice), 50 cents, 6 00 

Washing-ton — $10.00. 

Individuals. 

" Washtub Fruit," 10 00 

Oklahoma— $9.77. 
Congregation. 

Washita 4 10 

Sunday School. 

Paradise, 4 57 

Individual. 

S. M. Rowe 1 10 

Kansas — $8.50. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

J brother and sifter, $1; Eliza A. 
CaKerice (marriage notice), 50 cent?, 1 50 

Northwestern Kansas, S. S. Class. 

Morning Star 6 00 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

S. E. Hylton , 100 

Oregon — $5.75. 
Christian "Workers. 

Ashland and Talent, 5 75 

Missouri — $3.75. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

South St. Joseph, 1 75 

Individuals. 

Margaret Hollowell, 1 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Nannie A. Harman (marriage no- 
tice) 50 

Florida— $3.50. 
Individual. 

Mrs. W. L. Keefer 3 50 

West Virginia — $3.00. 

Lucy V. Cosner, $1; Mollie P. Cos- 

ner, $1; Lillie C. Moore, $1, 3 00 

Minnesota^ — $2.50. 
Individuals. 

Mrs. Susie Hahn, $1.50; Chas. S. 

Hilary, $1, 2 50 

Wisconsin — $2.20. 
Individuals. 

A. L. Clair, $1.20; J. E. Zollers and 

wife, $1, 2 20 

Tennessee — $2.00. 
Individuals. 

Jacob and Elizabeth Wine, 2 00 

New Mexico — $1.46. 
Individual. 

Ira Shively 1 46 

Nebraska— -$0.62. 
Congregation. 

Alvo, 62 

Michigan — -$0.50. 
Individual. 

Mrs. Vina Huff, 50 

Texas — $0.50. 
Individual. 

Martha A. Driskill (marriage no- 
tice), 50 

Canada — $0.45. 
Individual. 

Albert Crites, 45 

Total for the month $ 913 86 

Total for the year so far, ....$ 913 86 
INDIA ORPHANAGE. 

Pennsylvania. — $178.0O. * 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Midway $ 16 00 

Individuals. 

A sister, Lancaster City, $100; Mr. 
and Mrs. E. E. Eshelman, $12; A sis- 
ter, $5 117 00 

Southern District. 

Sisters' Miss. Sewine- Circle 20 00 

Bessie Rohrer's S. S. Class, Waynes- 
boro, 20 00 



Middle District, Individual. 

A sister, $ 

Virginia — $ 65 . C. 

First District, Sunday School. 

Brick Church, Germantown Cong.., 
Second District, Congregation. 

Greenmount 

Aid Society. 

Pleasant Valley, 

Individuals. 

Martin Garber, 

Ohio — $60.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Esther H. Baker, 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

Upper Stillwater, $20; Greenville 

$20 

Iowa — $56.00. 
Middle District. 

Birthday Fund, Des Moines Mis- 
sion 

Individuals. 

S. B. Miller, $20; W. I. Bucking- 
ham, $20, 

Illinois — $36.50. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Batavia, $20; Sterling, $16.50, .... 
Michigan— $25.00. 

Woodland Primary Miss. Band,.. 
Sunday School. . 

Sunfield 

Maryland — $20.00. 
Middle District. 

Hagerstown Young People* 5 Miss. 

Society 

Nebraska— $10. 16. 

Sunday School. 

Bethel 

California — $10.00. 
Congregation. 

Santa Ana 

Oklahoma — $3.00. 
Aid Society. 

Guthrie, 

Washington — $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Sunnyside, 

Indiana — $2 .50,. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A brother, 



5 00 



Total for the year so far, 
INDIA MISSION. 

California — $88.31. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Los Angeles, $30.66; Covina, $30 

Pomona, $22 

Sunday School. 

Long Beach, . . . 

Iowa— $15.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary S. Buckingham 

Indiana— $3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A brother, 

Western Colorado — $0.25. 
Congregation. 

Fir^t Grand Valley, 



5 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


40 


00 


16 


00 


40 


00 


rf6 


iv 


20 


00 


5 


00 


20 


00 


10 


16 


10 


00 


8 


00 


5 


00 


2 


50 



Total for the month $ 476 16 



.$ 476 16 



Total for the month, 

Total for the year so far, 
CHINA MISSION. 

Pennsylvania — $9.80. 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Meyersdale, $ 

California — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Walter and Selma Stephens 

. Total for the month $ 

Total for the year so far, $ 



$ 


82 66 




5 65 




15 00 




3 00 




25 


$ 


106 56 



.$ 106 56 



9 80 

2 50 
12 30 
12 30 



210 



The Missionary Visitor 



June 
1910 



INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 

Pennsylvania — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Rachel Rhodes $ 50 

Total for the month, $ 50 

Total for the year so far $ 50 

JAPAN MISSION. 

Illinois — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

M. D. Hershey and wife $ 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 2 50 

Total for the year so far, $ 2 50 

BRETHREN SUNDAY-SCHOOL EXTENSION 
OF CHICAGO. 

Following are the receipts of the Extension 
for the month of April, 1910. See that your 
contribution is in the fund for which you 
intended it: 

General Fund. 

Canada — D. A. Peters, Alpha, $7.50. Illinois — 
M S. Seymour, Palestine, $5; Deo. Dotz, Sa- 
vanna, $1. Total, $6. Indiana — B. J. Miller, 
Nappanee, $7: Iowa — Coon River S. S., Pa- 
nora, $4.64. Missouri — Vern C. Roop, War- 
rensburg, $1.50. Ohio — Ethel Zimmerman, 
Tippecanoe City, $5; C. Snavely, Republic, 
$6.61. Pennsylvania — D. F. "Walker, Rock- 
wood, $5.51; Thos. E. Karns, Trotwood, $4.50; 
Clayton Fox, Kent, $5. Total, $21.11. Total 
General Fund for April, $53.26. 

Building: Fund. 

Illinois — "A brother," Chicago, 50 cents; A. 
F. Wine, Oak Park, $25. Total, $25.50. Indiana 
—Ed. W. Ulery, Nappanee, $7.25; Bachelor Run 
S S., Bringhurst, $10; Andrew J. Miller, Mun- 
cie, $3. Total, $20.25. Iowa — Elsie A. Pyles, 
Hampton, $10; South English S. S., $13.50. 
Total, $23.50. Maryland — Franklin B. Otto, 
Sharpsburg, $8.04. Oklahoma — Cora A. March- 
and, Frederick, $10. Pennsylvania — Noah 
Beeghley, Johnstown, $25. Virginia — D. L. 
Evers, Bridgewater, $32.36. Total Building 
Fund for April, $144.65. Pledges to Building 
Fund for April, $339.55. Total Building Fund 
to date, $3692.30. 

1811 Clifton Park Ave.. May 2. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Trea^;. 



A GREAT MISSIONARY AGE. 

(Continued from Page 205.) 

the members of the Christian church in 
England to consider the needs of the 
heathen. The elder men said he was pre- 
sumptuous and an enthusiast. That meant 
reproach and condemnation. The Holy 
Spirit undoubtedly enlightened his mind, 
imparting strength and wisdom to per- 
severe in the work given to him. He did 
not become discouraged, and a second 



time he appealed to the church to consid- 
er the question of missions. " Sit down, 
young man!" said an imperious voice; 
" when God wishes to convert the heath- 
en He will do it without your aid or 
mine ! " 

But Carey was enthused with the spirit 
of missions. It urged him forward and 
he never gave up. It is said he made for 
himself a large map of the world and 
marked the portions of it which were yet 
unenlightened by the Spirit of Christ, in 
order that he might realize more keenly 
the fact of a dying world, and he kept 
the thought of the lost world constantly 
before the church. He was a prime fac- 
tor in the missionary revival that oc- 
curred at the beginning of the nineteenth 
century. " Immediately following his 
impassioned appeals to ' expect great 
things from God; attempt great things 
for God,' the Baptist Missionary 
Society was organized" (1792). Carey 
was sent to India, but eternity alone can 
reveal the far-reaching results of his 
earnest, consecrated efforts. 

If we find it impossible to go where the 
heathen are, whether in America or in 
foreign lands, in order to become familiar 
with their needs, we can get missionary 
papers and missionary books ; we can get 
a map and study the needs of the great 
world field. And as we realize more fully 
the vast work that is yet to be done and 
the responsible position that we occupy, 
standing between God and the heathen, 
with the Great Commission given into 
our hands by God, the Spirit will stir our 
souls with compassion and sympathy for 
the unenlightened and erring ones and 
prompt us to give ail that is in our power 
that the world may be converted to 
Christ. 



If all things work together for good, there is nothing within the 
compass of being that is not, in one way or other, advantageous to 
the children of God. — Haldane. 



THE TWENTY-FIFTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 

OF 

THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD 

OF THE 

CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 

MARCH 31, 1910 






PUBLISHED BY 

THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD 

ELGIN, ILLINOIS 



General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren 



H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia, .... 1910 
Chas. D. Bonsack, Union Bridge, Md„ 1910 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111., 1911 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans., 1911 

L. \Y. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind., ...:.. 1912 



Organization. 

President, D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illi- 
nois. 

Vice-President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, 
Virginia. 

Secretary-Treasurer, Galen B. Ro3*er, El- 
gin, Illinois. 

Assistant Seecretary, J. H. B. Williams, 
Elgin, Illinois. 

All correspondence for the Board should 
be addressed to its office as follows: Gen- 
eral Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois. 

The regular meetings of the Board are 
on the Third Tuesday of April, August and 
December. 

Our Missionaries. 

Below are given the name and address of 
the missionaries under the direction and 
support of the General Mission Board, with 
the year of entering service. 

Postage on all letters to those outside of 
the United States is 5 cents for the first 
ounce and 3 cents for each additional half 
ounce or fraction therof. 

China. 

Frank H. Crumpacker, Ping Ting 
Chcu, Shansi 1908 

Anna Newland Crumpacker, Ping Ting 
Chou, Shansi, 1908 

Emma Horning, Ping Ting Chou, 
Shansi, 1908 

Geo. Hilton, in America restoring 
health, 1908 

Blanche Hilton, in America with hus- 
band 1908 



India. 

Berkebile, S. P. On furlough, 1904 

Berkebile. Nora E. On furlough, 1904 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, B. B. Ey\, ....1903 
Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, B. B. Rv., ..1903 
Brubaker, Chas. H., Vada, Thana Dist., 1906 
Brubaker, Ella Miller, Vada, Thana 

Dist., 1906 

Ebey, Adam, Dahanu, 1900 

Ebe3^, Alice, Dahanu 1900 

Eby, Enoch, H., Nandod 1904 

Eby, Emma H., Nandod, 1904 

Emmert, Jesse B. On furlough, 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R. On furlough, ...1904 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, Jalalpor 1908 

Lichty, Daniel J.. Umalla 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Umalla 1903 

Long, Isaac S.. Jalalpor, B. B. Rv 1903 

Long, Effie S., Jalalpor, B. B. Rv 1903 

Miller, Eliza B., Bulsar 1900 

Miller. Sadie J., Umalla. B. B. Ry.. . . 1903 
Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dis- 
trict, 1906 

Pittenger, John M., Ahwa, Dangs. ..1904 
Pittenger, Florence B.. Ahwa. Danes, 1904 

Quinter. Marv N. On furlough 1903 

Ross, Amos W., Vvara, B. B. Rv 1904 

Ross, Flora M.. Vyara. B. B. Ry 1904 

Stover, Wilbur B.. Anklesvar, B. B. 

Rv 1894 

Stover. Mary E.. Anklesvar. B. B. Ry.. 1894 
Ziegler, Kathryn. Jalalpor. 1908 

Switzerland. 
Pellet. A.. 168 Grande Rue, Oyonnax, 

France. 
Pellet, Lizzie. 168 Grande Rue. Oyonnax, 

France. 



Annual Report 



Annual Report 



May our God and Father bless all His children, and especially those who have at- 
sisted the Board either thru intercession or the giving of means or themselves to the 
service of the Master in World-Wide Evangelization. 

The following is as complete a report of the work and the fields under the care of 
the Board for the year ending March 31, 1910, as it is thot would be helpful to 
stimulate greater interest in our missions. Some of it may seem lengthy, but only to those 
who are more engrossed in the things of this life than the one to come. To him who 
is deeply concerned about the progress of the kingdom the information given about each 
field and each station is meager enough. Yet it has been the purpose to make the account 
complete enough that the ever-increasing band of intercessory missionaries may have an 
intelligent basis on which to implore the Father in behalf of each worker and his field. 



First of All 



Reader, are you aware that this closes the first quarter of a century of organized 
general mission work done by the Brethren? In 1884 the General Church Erection and 
Missionary Committee was organized by the Conference and in 1 885 it made its first 
rfieport. For some reason the report of the Committee was not given space in the Complete 
Report of the Conference and one must turn to the old Classified minutes to find it. 

After reciting organization which shows Enoch Eby as foreman, Daniel Vaniman 
vice-foreman and D. L. Miller secretary-treasurer, and stating the duties of the re- 
spective officers, it tells of the work in Sweden and Denmark, of the building of a meeting- 
house in Thyland, Denmark, and a total expanse to carry on the work in these two countries 
of $1,200.00. Then it speaks of Germany and the sending of the Bruederbote for 
missionary purposes there. After this it takes up " foreign missions " in the United States 
and tells what has been done in Texas, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Pennsylvania and 
Minnesota. The expenditures for the year amounted to $3,552.09. " The money re- 
ceived was donated : for Foreign missions, by 1 66 individual donors, and 48 churches ; 
for the general mission fund, 1 1 churches sent in contributions, and 80 individual mem- 
bers made donations." The secretary analyzes the situation after this manner: " Illinois, 
with a membership of about 5,000, donates $857.19, or one- fourth of the whole amount 
paid in, and of this sum two churches in the State paid $520.97. The work done in 
these two churches shows what might be done in our whole Brotherhood, if all were will- 
ing to do their part." 

" Instead of one cent a week being paid by each of our members, as was suggested by 
our Annual Meeting last year, we have received less than one-tenth of one cent per week." 

Now and then arises here and there a dear young worker in the church whose first 
noble impulse is to push the church to the fore, who deplores the great inactivity of the 
church today and in the past. She has been inactive compared to what she might have been 



-1 Annual Report 

and what she might do now. But thank the Lord, if as a body she has not done what she 
could, there have been a goodly portion of the church whose labors by the grace of God 
have brot forth a fruitage not to be disregarded. Indeed if the present active part of the 
church will with such a noble foundation to begin with, press on with the same proportion 
of growth and progress in missions in the next twenty-five years, to God be the glory, for all 
heaven will reverberate with the achievements which by the power of the Lord have been 
done. 

For encouragement, for study, for to acknowledge what the Lord has done thru the 
feeble and unworthy efforts of the past note the following: 

The report for this year compared with the one twenty-five years ago. 

Then 48 churches contributed to foreign work, now to the same field. 

Then not five cents per member per year for this glorious effort in Jesus' name; now 
nearly 50 cents per member. 

Then the State districts were not organized into missionary effort; now every district 
having a board and all but one active. 

Ten missions in Denmark, Sweden and papers sent to Germany. Now missions in 
Denmark, Sweden, France, Switzerland, India and China. 

From a strong anti-missionary sentiment so general that those in favor of missions had 
to move with greatest caution, to now a sentiment so general in favor of missions that no 
brother or sister fears to express himself without reserve along the lines of world-wide 
evangelization, but not only is the greatest freedom of speech in this first work of the 
church but it is being most generously supported as will be seen in the following figures: 

Total receipts for this year $ 69,922 67 

Endowment paid in 574,662 28 

Indeed those who have contributed means or effort to the work of the past may 
humbly bow before Him who blesses all His children when they work together with Him 
and exclaim, " What wonderful works hath God wrought among the children of men. 
Bless His Holy Name." 

Briefly. 

The Board is supporting missionary endeavor in India, China, Denmark, Sweden, 
France, and the city mission in Brooklyn, New York. The outlay for the year in these 
fields has been as follows: 

Expenditure 

India, with 28 workers $2 1 ,353 72 

China, with 5 American workers, 2,566 42 

Denmark, with no American workers, 509 40 

Sweden, with no American workers 2,279 34 

France and Switzerland, no American workers, 1,319 16 

Brooklyn, N. Y., two stations, 1 ,05 1 84 

Besides the above fields the following came within the privileges of the Board: 

1 7 State Districts received help, $ 7,524 00 

4 churchhouses, assisted in building 2,650 00 

4 ministers helped under aid fund, 348 00 

3622 books sent out to ministers under the Gish Fund, 2,954 69 

Placing in new loans of the endowment to be kept on interest, 147,549 23 

The clerical work attending the above, including editing of the Missionary Visitor, 



Annual Report 5 

* 

traveling expenses of the Board to its meetings, postage, stationery and treasurer's bond, 
amounts to $2,933.64, or in comparison to the total income of the Board for missions, 
which is $69,922.67, means that 4.2 cents of every dollar of income was used for 
above expenses and 95.8 cents was used for aggressive work. 

On Furlough. 

Within the year D. J. Lichty and wife were in America on their first furlough. 
They visited a number of churches and carried the message of India's needs to many 
hearts. Jesse B. Emmert and his wife arrived last fall and during the winter visited 
most of the schools in Middle Pennsylvania, which are supporting him, and during the 
spring the schools in Southern California which are supporting Sister Emmert on the field. 
Judging from reports both Districts gave a hearty welcome to these workers, but if 
anything Southern California was most responsive and enthusiastic ; 

Our Live Wires 

are an inspiration to the workers on the field and a great stimulus to those who make 
up the list at home. The list has grown a little and hence is republished to give due 
credit to those thus actively and directly engaged in mission work: 

Sunday Schools by Districts. 
California, Southern, Sister Jesse Emmert in India. 
Indiana, Northern, Sister W. B. Stover in India. 
Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller in India. 
Ohio, Northwestern, Brother and Sister S. P. Berkebile in India. 
Ohio, Southern, J. M. Pittenger in India. 
Pennsylvania, Eastern, Kathryn Ziegler in India. 
Pennsylvania, Middle, Jesse Emmert in India. 

Congregations by Districts. 

Kansas, Southwestern, Bro. and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China. 
Nebraska, Josephine Powell and Mrs. Chas. Brubaker in India. 
North Dakota, Bro. and Sister G. W. Hilton in China. 

Congregations Alone. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Virginia, Brother and Sister A. W. 
Ross in India. 

McPherson, Bro. and Sister E. H. Eby in India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois, D. J. Lichty in India. 

Mt. Morris College Sunday school, Illinois, Sadie J. Miller in India. 

Pipe Creek, Maryland, W. B. Stover in India. 

Quemahoning, Pennsylvania, Chas. H. Brubaker in India. 

Shade Creek, Pennsylvania, Sister J. M. Blough in India. 

Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Sisters D. J. Lichty and Mary Quinter. 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Society, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, 
J. M. Blough in India. 



6 Annual Report . 

Change of Basis of Support. 

While the old schedule of $250 per grown person maintains up to July 1, 191 0. 
the Board has found it consistent with justice to all to make a new basis of support for 
our workers on the field. After that date it will be as follows : Adults — Men. First three 
years, $275; next -five years, $300.00; thereafter, $350.00. Adults — Women. First 
three years, $250; next five years, $275.00; thereafter, $300.00. Children till six 
years old, $50; till ten years old, $75.00; till eighteen years old, $100. No provision 
further. 

In China the work has not yet been established enough to go into any detailed plan, 
but the workers are being supported on the basis of $300 per year and as soon as data 
are at hand this will be changed to meet the demands there. 

Traveling Secretaries. 
There has been no actively-engaged secretary during the year. The missionaries on 
furlough have done what they could, and a few trips have been made from the office 
force. Inquiries come in concerning endowing the work, and the Board's plans either 
for endowment or mission funds on the annuity plan have proven satisfactory without 
a single exception. Full information may be had at any time. 

Meetings of the General Board. 
Save the one held at Harrisonburg, Va., during the Annual Meeting these have 
been all held at Elgin, Illinois. With prayerful and careful consideration each field 
and each question was considered for the highest good of the cause. While coming 
within the scope of the next year, yet it may be proper to mention at this point that while 
the Board was in session April 27 word came to them that Enoch Eby, the first fore- 
man of the Board when it was organized in 1 884, and the associate of Brother Fry, who, 
with their wives, opened the mission in Denmark even before there was a General Board, 
had passed away. The Board stopped in the midst of its duties and passed the follow- 
ing resolutions, a copy of which was sent to the family: 

While the General Mission Board was in session at Elgin, Illinois, on April 27, 
the sad news of the death of our dear brother, Elder Enoch Eby, of Lena, Illinois, came 
to us and we stop to express — 

First, Our sincere appreciation of his past labors, when as first president of the 
Board of our General Missions he gave might and main to its success in its incipiency, as 
well as did so much in Annual Meeting and in other places to enlarge the kingdom. 

Second, Our sincere and heartfelt sympathy to those left behind to mourn the loss of 
a father. The God of peace comfort all our hearts. 

Booklyn, New York 

This mission is under the direct support of the General Board and a very much 
appreciated place for the incoming and outgoing missionaries. Love feast scenes mark 
either the arrival or departure of missionaries when it is at all suitable, and thus it has 
endeared itself in the hearts of many. Brother J. Kurtz Miller, in general charge, and 
assisted ably by Brother Caruso, in the Italian Mission, has done faithful work within 

the year, as the following shows: 

English Station Italian Station 

Sermons preached, 147 1 02 

Average attendance at preaching, 1 05 42 



Annual Report 7 

Average attendance to week prayer meeting, 33 21 

Average attendance to Sunday school, 1 24 47 

Total number of visits made into homes, 840 272 

Council meetings 10, love feasts 3, tracts distributed 1,335, Gospel Messengers 
distributed 415, received by baptism 25, and by letter 1 I, funerals 5. Those wishing to 
reach the mission by letter can address 358 60th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Denmark 

The regular church work maintained by the members themselves is all that has been 
done in this field during the year. The ministers, tho only four in number and two 
advanced in years, have not been idle, as the following table reported by them will 
show. The Brethren's faith is uniquely a fireside religion, and in no other country should 
it spread more rapidly than in Denmark, could the force of workers be properly in- 
creased. Young men are not called to the ministry, for, accepting the anti-war faith, 
they must come to America to escape serving in the army. The problem is no small one. 
The following covers from January 1 , 1 909, to January 1 , 1910: 



II 





H 


s 


p 


£ 


§ 


p 


CQ 


p 


§ 


p 


Vensyssel, 
Thy, 


2 

1 



1 


2 
3 


36 

53 


240 
50 


2 

2 




8 



2 


1 



2 

1 


Total, 


3 


1 


5 


89 


290 


4 


8 


2 


1 


3 



Sweden 

The members in this kingdom are in two groups, those clustered in the southern part, 
around Malmo, and those scattered in the northern part, most of whom live in and 
around Stockholm. 

In the northern part are two ministers, one of whom, John Pettersson, has recently 
been thinking of moving to Finland, in Russia, and planting the faith there. From his 
account of the outlook about the same conditions prevail as are found in northern Sweden, 
and an " open door " is awaiting the church. Brother Pettersson says the people are poor 
but gladly hear the Word. There are also one or more members at Norrland who 
long to have some meetings. The membership in Bromsten, near Stockholm, are faithful 
and earnest in the work. 

In the southern part there are four organized congregations, besides some mission 
points. These churches are close enough together that they can visit each other and help 
each other in the work. But it will be a great encouragement to them when an 
American brother can locate and assist them. Such a worker is greatly needed. The 
following table will give a good idea of the work done and the conditions obtaining in 
southern Sweden: 



Annual Report 



— . o 



b!) 


to 








= 






3 

o 




91 


<D 


w 


.c 




a 


s 


4 

CD 


o 






J3 


<D 


T. 










> 


s 


CD 




ai 






Kjaflinge, Oil 25 000 0000112 

Landskrona, K0 132 125 3 1 3,708 1 14 

Malmo and Limhamn, 1 1 1 1 66 84 8 4 800 4 9 1 39 



Wannaberga, 


1 3 773 


108 4 6 2,105 6 1 1 


59 


Total, 


3 5 2 1,096 


317 15 11 6,613 10 10 1 


3 124 



China 

The missionaries have put in the year in solid study on the language, and of course 
have had practically no opportunity of doing evangelistic work. Within the year they 
had settled on the field they proposed to occupy and the cities in which they would 
locate. They were hopeful and much encouraged thru the winter save the prolonged sick- 
ness which had befallen Brother Hilton. Just as the year was closing, word came to the 
office that Brother Hilton and his wife were compelled to return to the States on account 
of his health. This leaves Brother and Sister Crumpacker and their infant boy and Sis- 
ter Horning alone on the field, over 500 miles inland. It is needless to say they are 
lonely and that they should have the sustaining prayers of every member in these days. 
Picture the situation for yourself, brother, sister, and then you will have some idea how 
to pray for them. 

France and Switzerland 

During this winter, most specially in January, all the attention of the world was 
directed towards France and Paris, because of the news of the great disaster caused by 
the terrible inundation, which for weeks terrified the population, destroying everything. 
Surely many of our brethren may have been anxious to know if our mission had to suffer 
from the overflow. We are pleased to say that we have suffered some damage, caused 
by the great storm and rain, but we have not been inundated. So our work could be 
carried on without any stop, and we had the entire opportunity to make known the 
eternal truth of God to many and to lead them to conform their life to the Divine Idea 
as revealed through our Lord Jesus Christ. We have found in the authorities of 
Oyonnax a willingness to facilitate our work. As our meeting place is rather too small 
on some occasions, at Christmas we received the permission to use freely the largest hall in 
the town for our Christmas service. We celebrated the anniversary of our Savior on 
Sunday evening. The hall at our disposal was overcrowded. There were over 100 
children and about 400 people of every age. The Lord was in our midst. Our meeting 
was a blessing to many, if not to all present. We have since that been able to consider the 
good impression received by our hearers. A few come to our services; others salute us 
when we meet them. 



Annual Report 



9 



Sunday Schools. 
It has always been our belief that in the first place our evangelistic work must be 
given to the children, in that we are sure to be in full agreement with the Brotherhood. 
In the Gospel Messenger of the 26th of February we read about the French schools of 
Madagascar, that the children are taught that Jesus Christ is a mere character in fiction, 
and that there is therefore nothing divine in the Christian religion. Well, the same teach- 
ing is given all through France in the government schools, and we are sorry to add that 
the teaching of the priest doesn't go further than that of the Holy Virgin. Only last 
Sunday we asked our pupils the meaning of Palm-Sunday. They did not know; they 
are as ignorant of the Gospel as little Chinese. Oh, what a good work, a great work, 
can be done in these boys and girls who are so intelligent, and most of them willing to 
learn! We gather them every Thursday for two hours, and one hour every Sunday 
morning. Last year we had thirty-eight pupils; this year we can report an increase of 
twenty-one, making up a total of fifty-nine pupils. 

Song Service. 

In December, 1 908, we started a song service. Every Monday we had generally 

eighteen young people. This winter we have had and have still about thirty pupils, young 

people so happy to learn our hymns. Our Brother Morins, who greatly helped us this 

winter, composed a special song of which we give here the free translation of the chorus: 

" We wish for our dear France 
The splendor of a great people full of faith, 
Who in God alone had put all their confidence, 
Who the children of Oyonnax, yes, of Oyonnax." 




Oyonnax, Prance, in Wintertime. 



They are singing with such willingness, we may say with all their heart, that it is 
encouraging to teach them and pray with them. We have been told that in many houses 
in the evening we can hear our hymns sung. Is not this the Gospel penetrating into many 
houses? Not only that, but bringing the truth of the love of God in many dear souls. 



10 Annual Report 

Visitors. 
Last October we had the unusual privilege of the visit of an American brother. 
How much we would enjoy to have that privilege more frequently. Brother W. R. 
Miller, on his way back to his home in Chicago, was kind enough to stop at Marseilles 
and spend a few days with us. Such visits are not only encouraging and a blessing 
for us, but for all our brethren. Brother W. R. Miller went with us through our work, 
visiting our brethren and our friends. He filled the pulpit both morning and evening. 
You will have read in the Gospel Messenger what he had to say of our work. 

Medical 
Sister Pellet a few years ago went to medical training. She obtained her diploma, 
put all her heart to study, so much that she is able now to do much to relieve the 
suffering. Her activity for the last winter could not be better reported than with a few 
figures : 

96 consultations were given at our home. 

120 visits and consultations at the home of the patient. 

Meeting places, 2. 

Members, 32. 

Sunday schools, 1 . 

Pupils, 59. 

Meetings held, 96. 

Attendance, 3,380 people. 

In many cases we furnished also the medicine free. We never asked or received 
any money. We can add that our heavenly Father richly blessed this work. Patients 
have been relieved, and are pleased of the care they have received. 

Visits. 

If in our preaching we don't reach all the people whom certainly we would like to 
see in our meeting, there are the visits from house to house. It is true this work re- 
quires the great part of our times. Often we return home very sad, when, after having 
visited many families of this city of industry and of prosperity, to see such poverty of 
spiritual life, such darkness, such badness and hypocrisy where there should be found the 
riches of the knowledge of the Gospel, the light of heaven, the love for the neighbor and 
a spirit of uprightness. 

In Switzerland we kept in contact with the brethren of this country in visiting them 
as regularly as possible. It is a pleasure to see their faithfulness to the church. They 
are rejoicing to meet next fall those delegated by the Board to visit them. We are also 
keeping correspondence with the orphans we had with us years ago, also visiting them. 
So far every one of them is doing well, and they do not forget what the church has 
done for them. 

We can report for this past year seven having been received into the church by 
baptism, and two awaiting baptism in a few weeks. 

We have abundant reason to be thankful for the good health we have had all 
through this past year. We are also thankful for the financial help received. 

Dear brethren, France, a country so rich, we can assure you is the poorest country 
in the world. Her people don't know God. Are you not willing to do more for this 
country? For this nation known all through the world to be the light of all nations? 



Annual Report 11 

but what a light! War against God, war against the Gospel, war against the Light that 
came from Calvary. Brethren, it is an honor for our church to have a mission in France 
and a great privilege to sustain this mission. 

Now more than ever we ask the prayers of all. 

Oyonnax, France. Adrian and Lizzie Pellet. 

India 

The year 1 909 will ever be memorable as the birth-year of our India District 
Mission Board. The native people have entered heartily into the work and have shown 
some appreciation for the opportunity that is given them for work of their own and 
for self-support. A worker has been located among the Bhils and the work has a 
promising future before it. The Board is to be commended in its policy of opening a 
field not too far removed from the help and counsel of the missionaries. 

The year shows the Mission strong for the work of the Lord. While it was a year 
of " ups " and " downs " and at times it was hard to tell which were in the majority, 
yet it is pleasing to note that the year closed with comparative quiet and peace and the 
work of the Lord advancing. 

Perhaps for some time we had not so much internal friction and discord as we had 
during the middle of this year. Often the remark was made that the devil seemed turned 
loose and bent upon tearing us to pieces; but we have come through it all seemingly 
little the worse for it. No doubt in some ways we are stronger. Difficulties surmounted 
produce strength. 

That " the way of the transgressor is hard " has been most forcibly impressed on 
the minds of the native people; a lesson dearly learned and one which will not be forgot- 
ten very soon. The missionaries held their peace, tried to do the right thing, and said 
little against the man who was determined to rend us. The end came with a crash. A. 
snake did it. The most beloved of the family, the son on whom were their future hopes, 
fell a prey to its venomous sting. The family was broken and turned from the very 
brink of atheism and confessed all. 

The sad news spread like wild fire to the farthest corners of the Mission. To the na- 
tive mind it seemed at once as a concrete example of the hand of Providence arresting 
the downward way of man. 

With the exception of the long and very serious illness of Bro. Berkebile, and Bro. 
Pittenger's attack of malaria, which necessitated his being carried out of the jungle and 
taken to the hospital, the health of our missionaries has been fair, tho a number are feel- 
ing the strain of the work considerably, and the need for recruits is plainly evident. 

During the year less building was done than usual, leaving the missionaries free for 
the evangelistic work, and we are glad to note that a goodly number have been brought 
into the fold of Christ. In spite of difficulties and troubles, the year closes with a fair 
record and the promise of still better results the coming year. The work is the Lord's, 
and we are sure that there will in years to come be a large church in India. 

The work among the Bhils around Ankleswar is opening up nicely and is full of 
promise. Several months back Bro. Stover wrote that if he were desirous of making a 
big stir and a show he could baptize several hundred within a comparatively short time, 
but we are not here for numbers or to make a big splurt, and he wisely felt that it were 
better to do well and slowly, making a sure foundation for the larger results which are 



12 



Annual Report 



bound to come. In Raj Pipla the work is also most hopeful, being among the same class 
of people. A goodly number, as will be seen from the tables, have been baptized, and 
the outlook is now full of promise. 

However, we are not unaware that there is a strong sentiment for reformation by 
the Arya Samaj, which is most bitter against the missionary and his work, seeking at every 
turn to thwart our purpose and plans and to turn back those who have become Chris- 
tians. 

During the year churches were organized at Taropa, in Raj Pipla State, and at 
Vyara. In the latter church is included the Dangs and Pimplaner and the Christians at 
Nunderbar. Several deacons were elected at the various stations. 

Vada 

Staff: Steven Berkebile, Nora Vada Berkebile, Josephine Powell, three lay-evan- 
gelists and one Bible woman. 

The work of our missionaries has been amidst trials of various sorts, and only the 
experienced can fully sympathize with those who enter the unhealthy districts to carry 
the " good news of salvation." Several times during the last two years sickness has kept 
Bro. Berkebile from his station. 

But the work moves on. The Gospel is being preached by the native brethren. 
During the fore part of the year Bro. and Sister Berkebile were able to spend some time 

in the more distant villages. 
When not out in the more re- 
mote parts the Gospel was tak- 
en to those living nearer at 
hand. 

The work among women 
has received no little attention 
from Sister Powell and her 
capable Bible woman. The 
latter being a trained nurse 
gives them increased opportu- 
nities to reach the neglected 
women. While no direct re- 
sults may be seen, yet it is the 
work of the Bible women that 
weakens the strongest fortress 
to caste feeling and prejudice. 

One day the Bible woman 

was telling the story of creation. 

Thinking to test their power of 

memory, she asked, " Who re- 

members who made the 

world? " They looked at each 

other, grunted and said, 
Two Christian Families with Several Non-Christian „ T T , , , .. ,, -p. 

Relatives on Left. Huh! who knows? lhe 




Annual Report 13 

Marabi said, "All you know is to eat and drink, is it? " They laughed and said, " Yes, 
just to eat and drink. Why should we know more? We are only women." This 
gives a glimpse of the position of women in India. 

Sunday Schools. 
During the year the regular Sunday-school work has been kept up. Nine took the 
all-India examination and eight received certificates. 

Baptisms. 
During the year five were baptized, among them being two from the Rajput caste. 
One of these latter left and it was feared that he had gone back to idolatry. Now the 
welcome news comes that he is true to his God, and the natives say he reads the big 
Book every day and worships something, they do not know what. 

Sickness'. 
Enforced idleness is a most unpleasant thing to any one, and especially to one hav- 
ing the work of the Lord at heart. During the latter half of the year Bro. and Sister 
Berkebile were compelled to be away from the station. For the time the life of our 
brother was, as it were, in the balance. From every altar continued prayers were offered 
to the Giver of Life. The tide turned, and Steven began to mend and after a long time 
was discharged from the hospital. Then they were off to the hills of North India for 
recuperation, but it was not enough. At home only a few days and down in bed again. 
The doctors advised a furlough to America, and now they are off on the homeward 
voyage, and we trust that they will again be permitted to be among us to help in the 
great work. 

Dahanu 

Staff: Chas. Brubaker, Ella Brubaker, one lay evangelist, three teachers, and one 
colporteur. 

During the year the Word has been preached in a good many villages, but only a 
few have become sufficiently interested to cause them to come to the bungalow to talk fur- 
ther about spiritual things. Those who did come had been helped in some tangible way in 
their difficulties, thus gaining their confidence. Most of them are almost hopelessly in the 
hands of the landlords, but a few times the missionary has been able to help them, poor 
and oppressed, to some just rights. Where the people are thus bound, the question of 
their evangelization is a most stupendous one. 

Schools. 
Two schools have been continued throughout the year, tho the attendance in one 
has materially decreased, the parents taking little or no interest in the education of their 
children. The other school has had an interesting attendance and success thru the year, 
which speaks well for the teachers as well as for the parents and pupils. The assistant 
teacher has been selling Gospels and tracts on the station, thus increasing his usefulness. 

Medical. 
The dispensing of the common remedies has been continued as in former years, 
bringing many people in direct contact with the missionary who would otherwise keep 
shy of him. The receipts for the year were, Rupees 65-11-3, while the expenditures 
were Rupees 63-3-6, leaving a net gain of Rupees, 2-7-8. 



14 Annual Report 

Inquirers. 

In Dahanu two men have been earnest inquirers and ready to confess Christ, but 
being stoutly opposed they have not had the courage to receive baptism. 

In August, for some reason Bro. Shankeranand, the right-hand man in the evangel- 
istic work, cleared out and Bro. Brubaker was from that time on handicapped for lack 
of a capable worker free to go from village to village. 

Bulsar 

Staff: J. M. Blough, Anna Z. Blough, Eliza B. Miller (J. B. Emmert and 
Gertrude Emmert on furlough), seven teachers and one Indian minister, Lellubhai 
Jalembhai. 

Church. 

As would be expected the Bulsar church has a continual loss of members. As the 
boys and girls become grown they are married and enter employment at the various 
stations. Every mission station has members from the Bulsar church. This causes a 
constant drain, tho it is not to be lamented as long as they go and do well. During 
the year death claimed five, one of them being the first deacon in India. Only two 
were baptized, as all the orphan children have become Christians except a few small ones. 
Twenty-five certificates were granted, five were disfellowshiped, two were reclaimed, six 
moved in, making the membership 232. 

During the year regular services were held every Sunday, both morning and after- 
noon. The Missionary Society held meetings nearly every Sunday and kept up its work 
among the villages, the members going out in bands. Two love feasts were held and 
four councils. Three deacons were elected, increasing the staff to six. The attendance 
at church and Sunday school was good. 

New Church. 

The new church has added much to the • interest and gives the mission a better 
status in the eyes of the people surrounding us. In some missions a substantial church- 
house is one of the first things sought for on the grounds that it gives stability and is a 
drawing agency, making the work of the mission look permanent and to amount to some- 
thing. 

Caste Feeling. 

During the fore part of the year considerable of a caste feeling was stirred within 
the church, causing our missionaries no little amount of trouble and anxiety for the time. 
It is a question that other missions have had to face and one which some have not yet 
been able to solve, and will always be a question as long as the churches continue to draw 
from various Hindu castes. Now we are glad to note that there is comparative peace and 
quiet and we hope that those who were weak on this point will put away their petty 
fancies and prejudices and go on to greater perfection in the Lord Jesus. 

English Services. 
English preaching was held every Sunday evening, at which the attendance was not 
large, tho fairly regular. It is pleasing to see officials and others who happen to be in 
town come into these services. The collection amounted to $22.60. 



Annual Report 15 

Village Schools. 
A school among low caste people was closed. The school among the fisher people 
has been good, and for part of the time three teachers had to be employed. Several of 
the Hindu scholars took the Sunday-school examination and passed. 

Colportage. 
During the year three Bibles, seven New Testaments, 802 Gospels and 922 tracts 
were sold. 

Boys' Orphanage. 

The year began with eighty-four boys. During the year four were admitted, four- 
teen became self-supporting, six entered the training department, two went to Vulli to 
farm and one ran away. While there was some sickness, mostly fever, yet there were 
no deaths this year among the boys. The year closes with sixty-five boys on orphanage 
support. As they grow older some become teachers, some farmers, some carpenters, etc., 
while some enter railway employment. In the school four teachers are employed, the 
head master being a Hindu. All the boys not attending town school are given a few 
hours' work every day. Only a few of the boys are small any more, nearly all of 
them being above second reader. 




Some of the G-irls You Have Helped to Save. 

Girls' Orphanage. 

That the health of our orphans has been good is seen from the fact that there were 
no deaths among the boys and only one among the girls. During the year there were 
twelve marriages, while two girls were enrolled. At the close of the year sixty-seven girls 
were on orphanage support. It is significant to note that this is the same number as 
were married since May 5, 1903. All the girls took part in the Sunday-school examina- 
tion and all but nine passed their grades in the day school. During the year three girls 



16 Annual Report 

were in college. One failed, but has been given a chance to redeem herself. Sister Miller 
writes, "All in all, the best year yet." 

Training Department. 

This is a department that we hope to see increasing in value to the mission as the 
years come and go. No mission can afford to neglect the work of training up a capable, 
well-trained ministry, and to do this we must look well to the establishment and main- 
tenance of a training school and give it our very best thought and attention. It will be a 
good day for the mission when we will be able to have a missionary set aside wholly for 
this and the work of producing a literature for our growing community. 

Five went out from the department for work at the various stations. Nine' new ones 
were admitted, of whom three are from the Christian community. Soon we can expect 
to have Christian workers from the second generation, for which we are all glad. The 
present number in the department is twenty, of whom five are in the Gujerathi College, 
seven in English, and others in the seventh standard vernacular. 

Industrial. 

For a time it seemed that the industrial question was in the balance. It was not 
meeting the expectations of some, and there was a feeling that perhaps we had better 
change our policy. It is a much-discussed question in all missions, and one which has 
been most difficult of solution. While it has its problems and at times disappointments, 
yet no doubt it will always have a place among us, and as our work grows and numbers 
of backward people come under our care, will be given increased attention. 

Up to the time of Bro. Emmert's going on furlough the carpenters were busy with 
building work. Since that time attention has been given to cabinet making, and so far 
orders have been sufficient to keep all hands busy. For several months two of the car- 
penters were at Vyara. 

Efficiency. 

People are accustomed to look down on the poor and oppressed peoples, thinking 
that they can do little but the ordinary labor, but when they see some of the furniture 
that our boys turn out they are surprised and are made to have at least an inward feeling 
that after all the missionaries are doing some good here. 

During the last four months fifty-five orders were received. About 475 Rupees' 
worth of furniture was turned out. The weavers, too, have been busy making towels, 
sheets, cloth for coats, etc. Again the Government Boarding School at Mandvi gave us 
a large order which we appreciated very much. 

Christian Village. 
The two houses which were built to afford places for our growing Christian com- 
munity are always in demand and supply a most necessary need among us. 

Jalalpor 

Staff: I. S. Long, Erne V. Long, Mamie Quinter, one book seller, five teachers, 
one lay evangelist. 

During the months of January and February, Bro. Long spent most of the time 
in the tent with his helpers among the villages east of the railroad, in the eastern part 



Annual Report 



1? 



of the taluka. They camped in five large villages, and as long as caste people did not 
interfere they had good meetings among the common people. But many of the caste peo- 
ple are like the dog in the manger. They will not accept themselves nor will they let 
the common people, who would gladly take to something better and nobler, even con- 
gregate to listen long enough to get an idea of what Christianity is. Tho a number of 

times Jamilbhai really outwitted the op- 
posers, yet they had so intimidated the 
poor Kolis and Dublas that only a few 
would venture to have much to do with 
them. 

The fisher people seem much more 
reachable and we hope in time that they 
may cpen their hearts to the Lord Jesus. 
Seeing that other fields were more ready 
to receive us, it was thought best to let 
Jalalpor Taluka have a rest in the way of 
direct evangelistic work. Consequently 
Bro. and Sister Long removed to 
Bushaval for study of the Marathi lan- 
guage, preparatory to work in Pimplaner, 
West Khandesh. 

However, the work rests heavy on 
the hearts of Brother and Sister Long. 
There they have labored hard and long 
and they do feel that some day the Lord 
will surely have a gathering out from 
among that 80,000 people. 

Soon after Brother and Sister Long 
left a Widows' Home was opened there, 
an institution, the need of which has been 
felt for some times. In this home are a 
number of widows and several real small children. This now affords us a place for emer- 
gency cases, as they come to us throughout the mission from time to time. A year ago Bro. 
Berkebile had to take a Hindu widow to Pandita Ramabai's homes, because of the lack 
of such an institution among us. Bro. Blough also had a similar case. 

Schools. 
Several schools among the fisher people, save for serious plague, continued well 
throughout the year. The other schools were closed, since the caste people would not 
allow us to teach religion in our schools. Not being in India for simply philanthropic 
purposes it did not seem wise to carry on schools in which we are not allowed to tell 
about the Savior we have come to proclaim. 

Ankleswar 

Staff: W. B. Stover, Mary Stover, one lay evangelist, eleven teachers, one col- 
porteur. 




One of Our " little Mothers." 



IS 



Annual Report 



The efforts in the Ankleswar district have been almost altogether among the Bhils, 
and there is every reason to be much encouraged. The confidence of a large number of 
the people has been won and not infrequently the people come asking for teachers. The 
fact that forty-nine were baptized during the year and that there are numbers of others 
near the kingdom gives us much cause for rejoicing. 

Temperance. 
As last year, the work of temperance has been pushed vigorously with successes here 
and failures there. Generally it is thought a good thing to quit drink, and some have 
actually done it, nobly and manfully, while others made only a half stagger at it and 
were soon back in their " wallow " again. 




A Double Wedding'. 



Debt. 



" Debt is the companion evil that goes with the drink habit, and it is painfully sur- 
prising to what extent many of the Bhils have allowed themselves to be drawn into the 
vortex of the money lender, and it is still more painful to know the zeal with which he 
collects his usury, and devours the spoils from the hands of the poor and helpless 
people! 

End of Bhil Hajri. 

That the Bhil Hajri, a system of roll call held every night by the village patel, 
(village head man), had become a much-abused regulation, was painfully evident, and so 
Bro. Stover set himself to the task of championing " Bhildom " and if possible put a stop 
to the nefarious practice. In former days the Bhils were a more warlike people and 
have always been known to be great thieves. Because of this the system of hajri was 
started. But it was found that the patels had gone so far as to send certain men out to 
steal for them, while he kept the others in his hajri on pretence of keeping them from 
stealing. Such had been going on for years. But now a new element has come into 
the country. Some Bhils have become Christians. As usual on becoming Christians they 



Annual Report 19 

get a little more " backbone " than they have had and begin to stand for their rights. A 
patel undertook to send one of these Christians out with two others to steal. The 
Christian refused at first but later consented, fearing the patel. Next day the patel be- 
gan to think over the matter and feared that he would get caught. He then called the 
men in and told them that they would have to pay a rupee each for stealing the night be- 
fore, or he would report them to the authorities. The Christian would not stand this and 
told the patel to take him if he wished, as he would ha\e an interesting story to tell. 
The patel threatened, stormed and raged. The other two Bhils, who were not Chris- 
tians, thought best to give in and pay the fine. But the Christian said, " No, do his 
stealing and then be fined for it? Not I. I will go to jail first." Then the patel knew 
too well that he was caught this time and with an oath or two dismissed the whole com- 
pany, warning them to behave themselves lest he bring them into serious trouble. 

This and several other such indignities were reported to the authorities, and in due 
time the government was requested to do something for the people, as the hajri system 
has become in the hands of many patels a big farce. 

In the meantime the patels tried their best to make trouble for the Christians, little 
realizing that they were thus speedily cutting off their own noses. As usual the patels, too, 
were able to stir up those who were not Christians and got many of them on their side. 

The issue came when at the instigation of the patel a whole company of village 
people went to the collector and complained that the Christians were disobedient to law 
and were upsetting the whole village plan, and would in the end be the cause of riot and 
ruin. They then begged the collector sahib to make arrangements to bring the Christians 
within the limits of the law. 

Next day another company went to see the collector sahib. But this time it was 
a company of Christians, with Bro. Stover at their head. A full twenty of them there 
were. They told their story, plead their case, showed how even a man who had studied 
even to the sixth book was yet in the eyes of the law a thief, and now begged that those 
who had become Christians and wished to attend evening prayers and learn should not 
be required to attend the patel's hajri, where they were often kept till midnight without 
cause. 

The sequel of the whole agitation is that an order has come from government dis- 
continuing the Bhil hajri, except in case of men guilty of previous theft, and those under 
suspicion of theft, and then, as if to protect the poor people from the sure-to-be-angered 
patels, it was added that no name should be put on the list of suspects without the order 
of the English officer. Thus ended the Bhil hajri. 

Like as always the devil tries to scare up some way of entangling the Christians. 
Some men got into a fight and in order to clear themselves laid the blame on two liquor 
men and two Christians and said that the Christians were the leaders. The case was 
looked into, the evidence taken and the persecutors laughed to think that the Christians 
were caught this time. 

But it so happened that the Christians had been in the prayer meeting and there 
were many witnesses to the fact. The accused were dismissed and there was rejoicing. 




The mission House, Ankleswar, Bro. Stover's Station at Present. 

But there is an amusing side to the story. Let Bro. Stover tell it in his own words: 

" We have been fighting the liquor traffic for the whole year, and in this case we 
found ourselves defendants side by side with two liquor men, and our two men and the 
two liquor men stood side by side in the court, a line of four accused men. The liquor 
men coming to us for advice and we in turn giving them what they came for, we in 
partnership with the liquor men! This was to us the ridiculous side of it. But since 
it is all over one of the liquor men has decided to quit the liquor business wholly, is in a 
respectable business already and is about half ready to be a Christian with the rest of 
us. So, after all, it sometimes is profitable to be associated with liquor men, if we can 
lead them to put away their liquor and do the right thing." 

Schools. 
The people accept us gladly and we now have before us the proposition of being 
able to find enough teachers to meet the demand. Then, too, the people have not yet 
come to the point of furnishing the house for the school, and to make the best of the 
circumstances, without placing a damper on the good feeling, we have to devise some 
way of getting a house for the teacher and the school in these various villages. Bro. 
Stover thinks to so build the schoolhouse that in course of time it can be made a wing 
of the churchhouse that will be needed as the people become Christians. Mr. George 
Bridges, a railway man, has seen the work, attended several of the night meetings among 
the Bhils, and promises to stand by us to the extent of his ability. Already he has 
promised money for two schoolhouses and will do more later. It is cheering to find 
men who appreciate our economy, who know the needs of the people, and that Chris- 
tianity alone is able to supply the need. 

A Live-wire Church. 
During the year the Ankleswar church has supported one of her own number in a 
neighboring village. This brother and his wife have worked faithfully and have been 
rewarded by seeing several from among the Bhils become Christians. If every church in 
the Brotherhood would do as well we would soon be able to make a stir in the world 
and many more souls be saved. 

Baptisms. 
The year closed with forty-nine added to the Ankleswar church by confession and 
^baptism. This in itself gives cause for rejoicing, but when we know that these forty-nine 



Annual Report 



21 



spell hundreds for the years to come we are made to rejoice all the more. In the 
reports of many missions we read that during a year thousands have been baptized, and 
while it is yet too early to venture much prophesying, yet we believe that the movement 

among the Bhils at Ankleswar and 

in Raj Pipla bids fair not only 
to give us thousands of souls for 
the kingdom but to call forth the 
best that is in the Brotherhood. 
Brethren, we have been praying 
for souls. The heathen non-Chris- 
tians are turning and now let us 
do a little more praying to get at 
the inside of our pocket books, for 
sure, answered prayers means add- 
ed responsibilities and louder calls 
for charity. 

Colporteur. 

The bookseller sold five Bi- 
bles, thirteen New Testaments, 
2,458 Scripture portions, to- 
gether with a large number of 

Street Scene in Ankleswar. 

Jhagadia 

Staff: E. H. Eby, Emma Eby, three teachers, one lay-evangelist. 

When Bro. and Sister Eby went to Jhagadia three years ago conditions were not very 
encouraging. Quite a few of those who were baptized there several years before had 
grown cold and some had actually become opposers. Then there was considerable senti- 
ment against Christianity among the people in general. This in part had been brought on 
through unfaithful workers. 

Tho from a human eye prospects were not very bright, yet with strong faith and 
determination to do their best Bro. and Sister Eby entered into their new work gladly. 
Their work has been blest. The tide has turned. A healthful sentiment among the 
Bhils has been produced, several have been baptized and quite a number await the rite. 
Tho difficulties there are not a few, and the adversary is awake to his destructive work, 
yet we have every reason to believe that coming years will see several strong churches in 
that field. 

Bhil Convert in Government Employ. 

Divelio is a boy in his sixteenth year. He was the first to receive baptism since 
Brother and Sister Eby went to Jhagadia. His experiences make interesting reading. 

" He finished the course in the town public school. He was always happy, and for 
a time it seemed that a very unusual thing was to happen that a convert should live with 
his heathen parents unmolested. But last March he went with the other Christians to the 
district meeting at Bulsar and then staid for the Bible term and passed in his grade. 




•>9 



Annual Report 



But the time seemed very long for his mother, who 
had never let her boy stay away from home so long 
before. And besides, some designing caste man, who 
had lent money to the boy's father, scared his relatives, 
so that when the boy returned he found himself in a 
very different atmosphere. He was restrained from 
coming to the missionary's home, sent to the field to 
work on Sundays so he could not attend services, and 
was beaten and in other ways cruelly treated by his 
relatives. He endured it patiently for a long time, but 
at last decided that it was intolerable, they having 
threatened to get him married to a heathen girl in the 
heathen way. One morning he came to the bungalow 
and said a hasty good-bye and left. But he was traced 
up and brot back only to meet more and severer treat- 
ment and practical prohibition from association with his 
Christian friends. But he finds occasions for a hasty 
visit with some of them, and still seems happy and 
faithful. He is now employed by the government as 
a teacher in the primary grades. So there is a Chris- 
tian teacher in the public school at Jhagadia. May the 
Holy Spirit enable him to shine for Jesus." 

Two day schools and one night school were conducted among the Bhils. Among < 
the same people three Sunday schools were held thruout the year, while four others were 
conducted part of the year. One of these latter was closed because of persecution. 

Baptisms. 

In all there were sixteen baptisms and the year closed with twenty applicants. " The 
fields are ripe unto the harvest but the laborers are few." 




Vulli 

Staff: Adam Ebey, Alice Ebey, Sadie J. Miller, three teachers. 

In the fore part of the year, Brother and Sister Lichty going on furlough, Brother 
and Sister Adam Ebey were asked to take charge of the work at Vulli. Brother and 
Sister Lichty had done a lot of hard work and left the station in good condition. Bro. 
Ebey found the Bhils so very different from the Varleys among whom he had worked at 
Dahanu that at times he was at a loss to know what to do. And even now after a year 
among them he feels that he does not yet understand the Bhil nature well enough to deal 
with it successfully. 

When Brother and Sister Ebey went to Vulli, Bro. Lichty was at that time engaged 
in holding meetings at Taropa. Thinking to kill two birds with one stone he was also 
endeavoring to collect some money, which some people owed the mission from famine 
times. He had several good meetings and baptized some, tho it must be admitted that 
collecting money and preaching do not go well together, the former often counteracting 
the influence of the latter. 



Annual Report 



23 



Bro. Ebey, tho just returned from furlough, finds that his health is not good and 
he has not been able to move about in the district as much as he would have liked or as 
is necessary to make the work a real success. 

Church Organized. 

In April it was thought good to organize Taropa and Kumasgam into a separate 
church. This was done to the satisfaction of all and another church has been added to 
the list in India. 

Schools. 

Three schools have been going throughout the year. One has been practically a 
failure. The teacher is a good Christian, a deacon, but he lacks tact in reaching his own 
people. Then there has been a good deal of persecution to contend with. In the Tuverdi 




Saved from Heathendom. Some Kumasgam Christians. 

school several girls are in attendance, which speaks well for the success of that school. 
Had the men and the means been at hand other schools might have been opened and it 
is believed that this is one of the greatest means of reaching the Bhil people. 

Two Sunday schools have been running through the year and with a good attendance. 
In these two schools were eight teachers, with an average attendance of seventy-four in 
both schools. The total contributions were Rupees 83-9-10. We must remember that the 
pennies in India often come from people who get from $2.50 to $4.00 per month. 

Industrial. 

Much of the work at Vulli must necessarily be industrial. The missionary often 
finds himself required to give much more of his time to this side of the work than he 
likes, but the work is there and it must be done. Several of the boys have their fields 




A School at Vulli, — An Orphan Boy as Teacher. 

and their oxen. They are boys yet, largely inexperienced, and demand considerable at- 
tention of the missionary. Then there were several boys who needed training for farm 
work. They have been employed in the garden and adjoining fields and given practical 
training. They must have this before oxen can be placed in their hands and they go to 
farming for themselves. 

Medical. 

Considerable medical work has been done and much good accomplished. In Raj 
Pipla State doctors are few and what there are, are of inferior qualifications. This opens 
up a wide field for usefulness for a skilled, Spirit-filled doctor. Like as at a number of 
our stations, a good doctor there would in a very short time find more work than he would 
be able to do. The missionary medical field opens up a world of possibilities. But 
where are the consecrated doctors? We are waiting! We are in actual need! Won't 
some good doctor hear the call? 

Spiritual Condition. 

There has been some sin in the camp and four have gone back. The spiritual con- 
dition of our churches is not up to what we would like to see, but perhaps, considering 
their moral surroundings and the heritage they have gotten from their ancestors, they are 
after all more to be pitied than to be blamed. It is hard enough for some good-meaning 
Americans to get along together without an occasional quarrel, and so it is among these 
poor people, only a little more frequent and over very trivial matters. Most of these quar- 
rels have been settled among themselves. It is generally good policy for the missionary 
to keep hands off unless he sees that it is a case of actual necessity. While we long to 
see strong churches among these people, yet we must not be impatient, for character can- 
not be turned out by machines. It is a long process of cultivation, the work of weeding 
out being a most important part. 



Annual Report 25 

Baptisms. 
During the year ten received the Christian rite of baptism and three were reclaimed. 
Six were received by letter and two letters were given. The active membership in the 
Vulli station is ninety, with one hundred and seventy inactives and one hundred and 
twenty-five adherents. 

Vyara 

Staff: A. W. Ross, Flora M. Ross, two lay-evangelists, two Bible women, and one 
teacher. 

Work in a native state is always more or less difficult, especially in the beginning. 
Everybody is against you, even the officers. In the earlier days of missions access into 
the native states was most difficult and in some cases absolutely impossible. Happily 
that day is largely in the past and now missionaries are located in a great number of 
the native states throughout India, and in a number of cases are meeting with good suc- 
cess. 

The Maharaja of Baroda is the most enlightened and progressive native ruler in 
India, and himself is rather favorable to the work of missionaries, but his officials are 
prejudiced, especially those in the local offices, and it is from them that the mis- 
sionary meets his opposition. On the other hand, the King himself is taking an active 
interest in elevating the poor and depressed peoples of his kingdom and is meeting with 
success to no small degree. Compulsory education has been established in these parts 
and it now looks as though the next generation will see a small percentage of illiterate 
people here. 

In these backward regions lies our work. Tho the officers are mostly Arya Sama- 
jists and bitterly opposed to us, yet we believe that in the course of a few years the work 
of the church will prosper. The aboriginal population is large. Generally they 
receive us kindly. Our medical work has gained for us many friends among them. We 
now have hopes that the liquor shops will become fewer and we can expect less opposition 
from that source than we have need. Up to this time the Parsee shopkeeper has ever been 
alert and when he saw that we were gaining the confidence of the people sought to in- 
timidate them. 

Lay Evangelist Located. 

One of our lay evangelists was located near the town of Songhad, just to the east 
of us, the fore part of the year. He has done well in gaining the confidence of the peo- 
ple and has even succeeded through the kind influences of a caste friend and officer in 
overcoming caste prejudice to the extent that many caste people do not refuse to eat with 
him. Then the common people mingle freely with him and eat at his house, making the 
caste question much less acute than it is at Vyara or even at Chakdara, on the Dang 
side. 

The climate and water of Songhad, being exceedingly bad, it has been with difficulty 
that we have been able to keep the work going. Several times the worker has been very 
sick and compelled to leave the place, each time with the feeling that he would never go 
back again. But as he got better and thought of the people who were turning to the 
Lord his mind changed and soon he was back to his post again. 



26 Annual Report 

Chafydara Opened. 

At Chakdara, on the south side in Dangs, the work both in school and among the 
people has been hindered much. Just about the time the little school was running nicely, 
district meeting and the Bible school were held. Hardly was the worker back when his 
wife became very ill and he had to take her to the hospital. When she was carried into 
the hospital in Surat the. doctor had little hopes for her, she was so near gone. But she 
revived and now goes about her work as happy as ever. 

Then monsoon came on and it was impossible to get the children back in school. To 
add to the difficulty some one spread an evil caste-report in order to prejudice the people 
against us, and for the time the work seemed bound. 

Christian Village. 

Then a new work opened up. The Dang Government being desirous of getting 
some settlers in from the outside offered help for several of our people. Soon we had 
more applicants than we could accommodate. Four were allowed to come. The large 
house which the government had given us was now repaired and gave splendid protection 
to our five Christian families during the long downpour of rain. 

Although the land was new yet their crops were good. The soil is rich and will 
when properly subdued produce well. Abundance of rain always brings with it increased 
fever. Our people were not very faithful in boiling their water and caring for their 
health, nor would they take the prescribed medicine as they were told to do, consequently 
one of the farmers died; also two children died. We were sorry for these losses, 
for in spite of the fact that had proper precautions been taken most of them could have 
been saved, the people overlook that fact, and the place gets a rather bad reputation. 

Another of the farmers proved himself unworthy, and after taking counsel with Mr. 
Hodgson, the political agent and our friend, he was ousted from the place. A young 
man and family used to living in the jungle have taken his place and we hope it will go 
better. 

Medical. 

Our medical work continues about the same as it was last year. Some days the 
larger part of the forenoon Sister Ross is occupied in this kind of work. Then other 
days few come. We have not made any special effort to push this work, tho there is a 
splendid field here for it. A number of times when it was impossible for us to treat a 
case we would try to send them to the Government Hospital, even giving them a letter 
to the doctor there, but almost invariably they will not go. 

Baptism. 
During the year two were baptized, one a woman from the Chodra caste and a 
man from the Gamterda caste. These are the first from their respective castes in our 
mission. The former is here on the compound and doing well. Her people have out- 
casted her, but they have not become particularly angered, nor have they offered any 
persecution. Of late some of them have come to her house and eaten with her. Even 
some of them have encouraged her to remain firm, saying that they, too, will become 
Christians in time. The man, however, has not turned out as we had hoped. The Parsee 
liquor seller and the superintendent of police threw strong temptation in his way and he 
yielded. But we still hope that in time he will repent and yet be saved to the cause. 



Annual Report 27 

Church Organized. 
December 27 the church at Vyara was organized. Two bright, promising young 
men were elected deacons and Bro. Blough chosen elder. 

Ahxoa. 

Staff: John Pittenger, Florence Pittenger, three teachers and one Bible woman. 

The year has been one full of duties. To get a decent place to live in the Dangs has 
been a most trying and exhausting job. Every kind of craftsman had to be imported at 
great expense and trouble. They would get sick and clear out. Then a new set had 
to be taken in. Thus to do the work it has taken about four different sets of masons and 
three or four sets of carpenters. 

Then after it was supposed to be done some of the work proved of inferior grade 
and has to be done over. Then the tiles were poor and it was with great difficulty and 
real danger that Brother and Sister Pittenger were able to get through the monsoon. 
Sometimes upon waking at night they would find the water dripping in their faces or on 
their beds, and sometimes it was most difficult to find a dry place large enough to set 
their beds. Many of the tiles became like mud. 

Of course something has to be done. People cannot continue to live that way. So 
this year at additional ccst the tiles will be lifted, corrugated iron sheets put on, and to 
break the heat a layer of tiles over these. By so doing we hope to get a good roof. 

Evangelistic. 

During this long siege of building work, together with enforced idleness because of 
sickness, Bro. Pittenger was not able to do much direct evangelistic work. As often as 
possible he visited the workers at Dolidole and Kalamvhir, cheering them up and lending 
a helping hand. Going here and there and meeting with the people constantly gave many 
opportunities to do good and to preach the Word. 

During the year several trips were made to distant villages. Dangs is a mountain- 
ous and hilly country, but thanks to the government and to the ever faithful Mr. Hodgson 
many good roads have been made, thus facilitating our work very much. However, the 
missionary astride his horse often leaves the main road and takes the by-paths through the 
forest. 

Bro. Pittenger's romantic trip out to the committee meeting in July has no doubt 
attracted the attention of a good many people. It sounds romantic to those who know 
little of the cost of such an undertaking; but to Bro. Pittenger it was a trip full of hard- 
ship and fatigue, coupled with considerable real danger. 

Then there were the anxious wife and baby at home alone, looking out through the 
pouring rain, wondering when John would come, and really after all whether he might 
have met with some accident. No doubt those were trying days and will live long in 
their memories. 

Sickness. 

There has been considerable sickness among the native people this year. Those who 
took medicine as prescribed suffered much less. It has been found by the government 
that those who regularly once a week take fifteen grains of quinine during the fever season 
are troubled little with fever. But unless one of us is on the spot the native man will not 
take it. Then, too, he does not like to boil his water. It takes too much trouble and 




Bundles of Possibilities, — School at Taropa, B-aj Pipla State, 
then it does not taste good. Consequently we have fever among our people and some 
deaths that sometimes might have been avoided, for the time being at least. 

However, Bro. Pittenger writes, that "it is due to the devoted workers to state that 
in order to live within their means and to have something to contribute to the cause 
they ate very little wheat and bajri, but instead the ordinary nagle, which is the staple 
food of the poor hill tribes. This is proving detrimental to their health, since it is not 
near as nourishing a food as they had been accustomed to before coming here to work." 

Death of Rutnabai. 
Rutnabai, the ever faithful, energetic Bible woman and all-around helper, has been 
called to the higher service. A complication of diseases became aggravated by fever. 
Her condition became critical and Bro. Pittenger had her carried out to the station and 
taken to the mission hospital at Amand. It was too late. She soon passed away. But 
her self-sacrifice and good works will live long after her. 

Schools. 
The school at Ahwa has met with a fair measure of success, considering conditions 
under which the work is carried on. The people not appreciating the value of an educa- 
tion often keep their children out on the slightest pretext, such as bringing a pail of water. 
An average attendance of twelve does not appear to present much of a success, but we 
who know conditions and how hard it has been to get even that number consider that 
there is no reason for discouragement. We can look into the future when these twelve 
will have gained some liking for learning, will have spread the desire, and hundreds of 
boys and girls will come into our schools. It is no dream. It is pnly what has been 
done over and over again. 



Annual Report 29 

Special Honors. 

One of the boys, who is exceptionally bright, has been given special honors by the 
government, with the hope of giving a greater stimulus to the cause of education. But 
they take to it slowly. Five glasses of " fire water " would cause more commotion among 
them than all the government honors. 

The school at Kalimvahir was closed and one opened in an adjoining village where 
the people were anxious for a school. At Dokidole the patel has ever been an opposer 
and the school has had a very irregular attendance. 

Medical. 

A careful record of cases treated was not kept tho the number would be about 
] ,000. Much of the sickness of the people is due to their filthy habits. God has 
blessed the efforts that have been put forth. Many a friend has been won and many a 
heart touched. 

Baptisms. 

The long, patient seed-sowing has begun to bring forth a harvest. Three Bhils 
and one Varlirn were baptized. They have been most sorely persecuted, and the tempta- 
tion to fall back has been great. Bro. Pittenger writes: " The result of this persecution 
among a people so primitive will for the present have a bad effect, but it will kill its 
own influence, as such always does, and in the end the Lord's work will be all the more 
widespread and glorified." 

Pimplaner 

The Pimplaner field was a most enviable one and we sent Bro. Aziz there with the 
expectations of seeing a noble work for the Lord. On the contrary, the work was spoiled 
and it is with the deepest regret that we have to report that our hopes have been blasted, 
both in the man and in results from the field. 

Suffice to say that Bro. Aziz fell into grave sin, and as soon as the matter was un- 
earthed by Brethren Long and Ross he was sent from the field and our connections with 
him severed. Bro. Long has taken charge of the work, but up to the present time has 
not found much encouragement. Those who were baptized are being severely persecuted 
and intimidated, so much so that it is almost impossible for the missionary to teach them. 

However, the government officials are for us and are really anxious that we es- 
tablish schools and raise the people. 

Village Touring. 

Bro. Eby has been free from other duties, giving him a chance to be out among the 
villages, spreading the Gospel. Even during the rainy season he was able to visit his 
workers, seventeen miles distant in the jungle. Sometimes it meant wading through deep 
mud and water, but nothing is too hard for the earnest, humble, willing, faithful mission- 
ary. 

But while Bro. Eby was out touring, there was his family at home, often among an 
enraged high caste people. Several times they threatened violence and for a time condi- 
tions seemed serious. Many of them had answered an American advertisement which 
promised them large returns quick. They lost their money and were consequently em- 
bittered, tho they had been warned by Bro. Eby not to have anything to do with the 
advertisement. 



;jO Annual Report 

The Outlook 

In our whole field there are in round numbers 2,750 villages and towns, with a 
total population of 1 ,000,000. The low castes and aboriginal peoples include well on 
to one-third of this large number. These are our " reachables," people who are sus- 
ceptible to the Gospel. Cut it down to 250,000. What a host of people! The Breth- 
ren church in India 100,000 strong! Is it a dream? No, brethren, it is a possibility 
which may be made a reality if we stand together as one body, putting forth our best efforts 
for the salvation of these people. The people are here. They are reachable. They are 
already turning in goodly numbers. The door is opening wide. Raj Pipla and Ankles- 
war are ripe unto the harvest. This last year seventy-five precious sheaves were gathered 
and hundreds are ready for the reaper. Since the beginning of the new year the sentiment 
in favor of Christianity has trebled in the former state, and unless more funds are placed at 
the disposal of Bro. Eby he will not be able to meet the calls. The new year has al- 
ready brought much encouragement, for at Vyara and Dahanu souls have been won, and 
the indications are that these fields, too, are ripe unto the harvest. 

Then there is the Dangs. Ours for the taking. A whole country with not one 
literate man in it when we entered. Twenty thousand of them to be saved socially and 
spiritually! On the south are three native states right at our very doors with an aggre- 
gate population of upwards of 150,000, largely of the " reachables " and not one mis- 
sionary or other Christian worker among them. What a wonderful work before us! 
Every month the outlook is getting brighter. The Lord surely has great things in store 
for us. He is calling us to a great work and responsibility. It is no dream, but only 
such as has taken place in other fields. 

We have been praying for it and it has been our hope. The Lord has heard and 
is answering our prayers. Are we ready for His blessings? It will mean that some one 
must give more to the Lord and less for up-to-date conveniences and fancy things. It will 
mean that somebody's son and daughter must come to help us. It will mean great re- 
sponsibility in every way, calling for the best that the Brotherhood can give. Great 
turnings to the Lord call for more missionaries, more teachers, more schools, more build- 
ings, more of everything that takes money and honest endeavor, backed up by the prayers 
of a faithful and obedient people. 

The oudook was never better. The time has come for a forward move, but we 
must have increased funds. You can't keep a growing child in last year's clothes. Nor 
can you keep a growing work in last year's appropriations. We must not only be pre- 
pared for emergencies, but to build strong for the future. 

We are your representatives. We are glad to be here and are willing to do all 
we can to advance the work of the Lord. You have been praying for us and for the 
salvation of the heathen. We would not ask you to pray less, but for you to make your 
gifts commensurate with the Lord's answer to your prayers. WE OUGHT NEVER 
TO HAVE TO STOP PRAYING FOR SOULS BECAUSE OF OUR FAIL- 
URE TO KEEP UP WITH GOD. 

How about the three hundred and eighteen churches who gave not a cent in the Bi- 
centennial year to spread the Gospel! We need your help. Then, too, the Lord never 
showered His blessings upon you to satisfy your own selfish desires. Certainly the 
Lord will say to you, " Freely ye have received, but sparingly have ye given." The 



Annual Report 31 

> 
native membership over here loves the heathen more than you do. Last year, counting 500 
givers, there was an average offering to the Lord of 26 cents, or what would amount to 
four days' labor, and this year there was much joy when it was announced that the 
offerings had reached the 33-cent mark. Some have eaten cheaper food in order to 
have something to give to the Lord. Some have denied themselves of supper to glorify their 
Lord, but you have denied your Lord to glorify yourself. Awake, thou that sleepest! 
What have you been doing? Everything for self and not one cent for the Lord! Is 
that the way you pray, "Thy kingdom come"? Not only are we robbing God, but 
our prayers- may be a continual mockery to Him. 

The work is the Lord's and nothing but a consecrated life, together with a conse- 
crated poclietbook will meet the issue. More praying, more consecration, more heart 
anguish, more giving, more sacrifice, ALL of us at it, ALL together, ALL the time, 
"FOR JESUS' SAKE." 

OUR NEEDS— MEN! 

1 . Several strong, spiritual, practical men to strengthen our forces. As the work 
grows we need strong men, the best you can give us. To add to the situation several of 
our missionaries are on the verge of a breakdown. We must have recruits. 

2. A mission doctor. This is a crying need. Who will come? Not only one, but 
there is a wide-open field for a number. 

Money. 

1. One thousand dollars for native quarters at Bulsar. Old quarters constructed 
from remnants left from buildings several years ago are well nigh dilapidated. 

2. Thirty-five dollars each for ten houses yearly for native workers in the villages. 
This indicates progress, the very thing we are here for. These houses will also serve as 
schoolroom and church for the time being. 

3. One thousand dollars to help Mutual Aid Societies. People are poor and we 
must supplement their meager efforts. 

4. Five thousand dollars to aid Christian village work. A number of our orphans 
and poor Christians must be helped to get on their feet. 

5. Four thousand dollars, approximate cost of two bungalows, including cost of 
lands, wells, outbuildings, native quarters, etc. 

6. Eight hundred dollars for the heavy furniture in all our bungalows. This would 
reduce to a minimum the expense and worry at time of furloughs and transfers. 

7. One thousand dollars for dormitories for Bible students at Bulsar. They can't 
attend the Bible and training school without a place to live. Present quarters at Bulsar 
are filled to overflowing. 

Your Prayers. 

1 . For the new Christians who are persecuted and tried most severely. 

2. For a greater degree of efficiency among our Indian workers. 

3. For increased union of sentiment and purpose among our Indian Christian 
people. 

4. For a greater consciousness of sin and a deeper longing for righteousness on 
part of the Indian people. 

5. For your representatives, who often have most severe trials. 

6. For a greater ingathering of souls in 1 9 1 0. 



32 Annual Report 

1. World-Wide Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 21,032 61 

Donations from congregations and individuals, including 
interest on endowment contracts, as reported in the 

Missionary Visitor, $ 25,116 63 

Interest from Endowment and Real Estate, 23,601 07 

Earnings Brethren Publishing House, 5,794 15 

Earnings bank account, 238 14 

Colored mission donations, . . 22 41 

Balance from Brooklyn meetinghouse fund, 96 52 $ 54,868 92 

Total receipts, 75,901 53 

Expenditures — 

Transferred to World-Wide endowment, $ 500 00 

Annual Meeting committees, see account No. 13, 209 00 

Annuities, 14,802 93 

Publications, see account No. 16, 5,744 14 

Brooklyn mission, see account No. 14, 1,051 84 

Colored mission, expense, 25 00 

Denmark, 509 40 

Sweden 2,279 34 

District work, see account No. 17, .' 7,524 00 

France mission, 1,319 16 

Transferred to India account, 9,650 10 

Transfer-red to China account, 433 03 

General expenses, 3,467 56 

Total expenditures, $ 47,515 50 

Balance on hand, 28,386 03 



2. India Fund. 

Receipts — 

Cash on hand at the beginning of year, $ 2,419 86 

Donations reported through Missionary Visitor, $ 857 15 

Interest on endowment, 119 51 

Special support, 5,675 00 

Transferred from World-Wide Fund, 9,650 10 

For transmission, see account No. 11, 601 09 

Donated for hospital, 26 00 

Donated for native workers, see account No. 12, 1,172 99 

Donated for India Orphanage, 3,682 52 

Donated for India native villages, 38 88 

Donated for India widows' home, ; . . 48 00 $ 21,871 24 

Total receipts, $ 24,291 10 

Expenditures — 

General work, $ 6,672 99 

Support of workers, 7,727 45 

Furlough account, 1,321 32 

Training department, 300 00 

Bungalow account, 280 00 

Transmitted to individuals in India, 601 09 

For India native workers, 1,172 99 

For India Orphanage, 3,250 00 

For India Christian villages, 27 88 

Total expenditures, 

Balance on hand, India hospital, 

Balance on hand, India Christian villages, 

Balance on hand, India widows' home, 

Balance on hand, India Orphanage, 

$ 24,291 10 



$ 21,353 72 


2,047 93 


11 00 


48 00 


830 45 



Annual Report 33 

3. China Fund. 



Receipts — 



North Dakota Hilton fund $ 825 00 

Southwest K ansas, 750 00 

Transmission to individuals in China, 2 00 

Donations reported in Missionary Visitor, 556 39 

From World-Wide fund, 433 03 

Total receipts, $ 2,566 42 

Expenditures — 

Support workers, $ 1,875 00 

For transmission, 2 00 

General work, 689 42 

Total expenditures, $ 2,566 42 

4. Church Extension. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand from last year, $2,390 17 

Donations during the year, 80 80 

Received on loans from churches: 

Bowbells, N. Dak., .._ $200 00 

Bellewood, Pennsylvania, 10 60 

Christiansburg, Virginia, 70 00 

Elgin, Illinois, 50 00 

Fairfax, Virginia, 240 00 

Fredonia, Kansas, 80 00 

Fruitdale, Alabama, 15 00 

Frisco, Missouri 40 00 

Guthrie, Oklahoma, . .' 20 00 

Hoyle, Okla., _ 31 00 

Irvin Creek, Wisconsin, 50 00 

James River, North Dakota, 100 00 

Lakeview, Michigan, 60 00 

North Star, Oklahoma, 80 00 

Red River, Oklahoma, 100 00 

Red Cloud, Nebraska, 100 00 

Saginaw, Texas, 50 00 

Sunnyside, Washington, 300 00 

Tekoa, Washington, ~. 100 00 

Weiser, Idaho, 100 00 

Williston, North Dakota, 637 83 

Weston, Oregon, 260 00 

Total payments, $2,694 43 

Total receipts, $5,165 40 

Expenditures — 

Christiansburg, Virginia, $ 350 00 

Elk Creek. Oklahoma, 500 00 

Mt. Garfield, Colorado, 1,500 00 

Roosevelt, North Dakota, 300 00 $2,650 00 

Cash on hand, $2,515 40 

$5,165 40 






The Fund- 
On hand, April 1, 1909, $ 10,832 08 

Donations during the year, 80 80 $ 10,912 88 

This fund consists on April 1, 1910, of 

Unpaid loans to churches, $ 8,397 48 

Cash on hand, 2,515 40 $ 10,912 88 



34 Annual Report 

5. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 6,499 36 

Donations, 5 00 

From earnings of Gish Publishing Fund 456 85 

From earnings Brethren Publishing House, 560 00 $ 7,521 21 ' 

Exp enditures — 

D. W. Stouder, Madison, Kansas, $ 180 00 

Henry Sheets, Scottville, North Carolina, 60 00 

E. M. Sheets, Dresden, North Carolina, 60 00 

W. T. Pursley, Eagle Rock, Virginia, 48 00 

Total expenditures, $ 348 00 

Cash on hand, $ 7,173 21 

6. Gish Testament Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of 3'ear, $ 226 01 

Income from sales 278 26 

Balance on hand to new 3*ear, $ 504 27 

7. Gish Publishing Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of 3 r ear, S 645 49 

Income from estate 3,321 03 

Income from Brethren Publishing House, 650 73 $ 4,617 25 

Expenditures — 

Books published and purchased during year, $ 2,473 20 

Sister Gish's annuity, 1,000 00 

Twenty per cent to ministerial and missiona^ relief, .... 456 85 

Expense of meetings, freight, postage, etc., 24 64 

Total expenditures, $ 3,954 69 

Balance on hand to new 3 r ear, 662 56 $ 4,617 25 

8. Special Funds. 

Africa — 

Balance at beginning of }"ear, $ 58 50 

Donations for year, 6 00 $ 64 50 

Japan- 
Balance on hand. No increase, $ 75 80 

Philippines — 

Balance at beginning of year, $ 74 40 

Donations for year, 7 00 $ 81 40 

Porto Rico — 

Balance at beginning of year, $ 227 54 

Donations for year, 183 $ 229 37. 

South America — 

Balance on hand. No increase, $ 49 44 

Jerusalem — 

Donations for the year, $ 5 1 






76 17 
78 83 


$ 




$ 




$ 


103 13 
118 00 


$ 


41 25 
47 76 


$ 



Annual Report 35 

New England Mission — 

Balance at beginning of year, i 

Donations for year, 78 83 $ 155 00 

South Native White- 
Balance on hand. No increase, $ 23 23 

Australia — 

Balance on hand. No increase, $ 16 00 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance at beginning of year, ! 

Donations for the year, ' 118 00 $ 22113 

Cuba Meetinghouse — 

Balance at beginning of year, ! 

Donations for the year, 47 76 $ 89 01 

Expended for Cuba meetinghouse, $ 89 01 

9. Interest Bearing Funds. 

Receipts — 

Bills receivable — loans paid, $ 56,421 47 

Denmark poor fund — int. in funds in hand, 150 64 

World-Wide endowment, paid in, 54,134 93 

Brethren Publishing House, paid over, 38,000 00 

Payments made on real estate, 11,924 20 

Minnesota farm, 281 82 

Gish estate, converted to cash, 13 24 

Gospel Messenger endowment, 100 00 

Mission endowment, 500 00 

Overdrawn— now in loans, 33,520 08 $195,046 38 

Expenditures — 

Bills receivable— new loans $113,950 00 

Publishing House, — bills receivable, 23,599 23 

Publishing House earnings used by board, 9,500 00 

P. A. Moore estate — passed to endowment fund, 20,000 00 

Overdrawn last year— now paid back, 27,997 15 $195,046 38 

10. Special Support Funds. 

California Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand from last year, $ 391 51 

Expenditures — 

Support Mrs. Jesse Emmert, $ 250 00 

Balance to new year, 141 51 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3958, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 4259, 125 00 $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Jesse Emmert, $ 250 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4064, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 4274, 125 00 ? 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Kathryn Ziegler, $ 250 00 



36 Annual Report 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 4424, 200 00 $ 550 00 

Expenditures — 

Support W. B. Stover, ; $ 250 00 

Balance to new year, $ 300 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 4337, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support C. H. Brubaker, $ 250 00 

Balance to new year, $ 250 00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4051, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 4215, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister S. P. Berkebile, $ 500 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 88 84 

Receipt No. 4087, 14.85 

Receipt No. 4258, 113 87 

Receipt No. 4271, 41 73 

Receipt No. 4305, 18 00 

Receipt No. 4312, 123 90 

Receipt No. 4367, 14. 00 

Receipt No. 4418, 81 00 $ 496 19 

Expenditures — 

Support Josie Powell and Ella M. Brubaker, $ 500 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 3 81 

M. P. Brumbaugh, Pennsylvania. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3995, $ 25 00 

Receipt No 4033, 25 00 $ 50 00 

Expenditures — 

Advanced towards support of Sister J. M. Pittenger, $ 50 00 

McPherson Congregation, Kansas. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4115, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 4427, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister E. H. Eby, $ 500 00 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Virginia. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4263, s $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

Support A. W. Ross and wife, $ 500 00 



Annual Report 



37 



Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4442, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance due the Board from last year, $ 125 00 

Support D. J. Lichty, 250 00 $ 325 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 125 00 

Mt. Morris College Sunday School, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4387, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sadie Miller, $ 250 00 

Second District of Virginia. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 269 72 

Dayton, Va., J. M. Kagey, Treas. Receipt No. 3974 15 00 

Mill Creek congregation, Receipt No. 4074, 5 00 

Middle River congregation, Receipt No. 4155, 30 00 

Bridgewater congregation, Receipt No. 4242, 50 00 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 4328, 51 30 

Mill Creek congregation, Receipt No. 4373, 60 41 

Bridgewater congregation, Receipt No. 4437, 50 00 

Beaver Creek congregation, Receipt No. 4449, 50 00 $ 581 43 

Expenditures — 

Support I. S. Long and wife, $ 500 00 

Balance to new year, $ 81 43. 

Shade Creek Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4193, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 4280, 125 00 $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Mrs. J. M. Blough, $ 250 00 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4118, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 4224, 125 00 $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

Support J. M. Pittenger, $ 250 00 

Waynesboro Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 135 68 

Receipt No. 4071, - 114 32 

Receipt No. 4173, 124 85 

Receipt No. 4307, 125 00 $ 499 85 

Expenditures — 

Support Mary Quinter, $ 250 00 

Support Mrs. D. J. Lichty, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 15 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Society, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. 

Receipts — 

Balance from old ledger, $ 08 

Receipt No. 4313, 100 00 $ 100 08 



38 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support J. M. Blough, $ 250 00 



Balance due the Board $ 149 92 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 229 00 

Receipt No. 4113, ' 85 00 

Receipt No. 4114, -. . . 65 00 

Receipt No. 4370, ......... , 8500 $ 46400 

Balance on hand to new year, $ 464 00 

Southwestern Kansas. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4275, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 4303, 250 00 

Receipt No. 4399, 250 00 $ 750 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Crumpacker, $ 750 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 4228, $ 125 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Eliza B. Miller, 

North Dakota China Fund. 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, ! 

Surrey congregation, Annual Meeting, 1909 

Surrey Sunday school, Annual Meeting, 1909, 

North Prairie Sunday school, Annual Meeting, 1909, 

Berthold congregation, Annual Meeting, 1909, • 

North Dakota District, Receipt No. 4079, 

Williston congregation, Receipt No. 4093, 

Lydia Stouffer, Bethany Bible School, Receipt No. 4152, 

Bellva Hewitt, Receipt No. 4156, 

Williston congregation, Receipt No. 4248, 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 4256, 

Medicine Lake congregation, Receipt No. 4256, 

Cando congregation, Receipt No. 4261, 

Ray congregation, Receipt No. 4268, 

Kenmare Aid Society, Receipt No. 4273, 

Snyder Lake congregation, Receipt No. 4283, 

Kenmare congregation, Receipt No. 4330, 

Mrs. Sarah Buck, Receipt No. 4342, 

D. W. Shock, Receipt No. 4361, 

O. W. Gordon, Receipt No. 4380, 

Expenditures — 

Support Geo. W. Hilton, wife and son, 

Balance on hand to new year, 

11. For Transmission. 

Receipt No. 3970, $ 6 00 Receipt No. 4147, 15 00 

Receipt No. 4052, 15 00 Receipt No. 4173, 100 00 

Receipt No. 4080, 84 00 Receipt No. 4182, 10 00 

Receipt No. 4107, 10 00 Receipt No. 4188, 6 00 

Receipt No. 4108, 10 00 Receipt No. 4211, 1100 

Receipt No. 4129, 2 00 Receipt No. 4225, 5 00 

Receipt No. 4140, 19 00 Receipt No. 4231, 5 UU 

Receipt No. 4146, 10 00 Receipt No. 4260 8 00 





$ 


125 00 


951 58 






66 37 






4 00 






14 00 






25 00 






99 90 






40 47 






4 00 






5 00 






117 06 






14 20 






4 00 






150 24 






11 32 






6 75 






12 89 






27 30 






3 00 






86 00 






19 50 


$ 


1,662 58 




$ 
? 


825 00 
837 58 



Annual Report 



Receipt No. 4263, $100 00 

Receipt No. 4269, 10 UO 

Receipt No. 4315, 6 25 

Receipt No. 4325, 100 UO 

Receipt No. 4329, 10 01 

Receipt No. 4332, 20 U0 



Receipt No. 4334, 18 83 

Receipt No. 4348, 10 00 

Receipt No. 4374, 10 00 

Receipt No. 4377, 10 00 



Total receipts, $61109 



12. India Native Worker. 



Receipt No. 3949, 

Receipt No. 3968, 

Receipt No. 3974, 

Receipt No. 3980, 

Receipt No. 4003, 

Special from A. M. Coll, 

Receipt No. 4059, 

Receipt No. 4066, 

Receipt No. 4076, 

Receipt No. 4078, 

Receipt No. 4082, 

Receipt No. 4085, 

Receipt No. 4088, 

Receipt No. 4101, 

Receipt No. 4112, 

Receipt No. 4132, 

Receipt No. 4162, 

Receipt No. 4172, 

Receipt No. 4185, 

Receipt No. 4187, 

Receipt No. 4206, ...... 

Receipt No. 4222, 

Receipt No. 4249, 



12 50 
12 50 
25 00 
50 00 

11 45 
50 00 
40 00 

12 50 

12 50 

13 72 
25 00 

6 17 
25 00 

25 00 
50 00 

26 29 
6 66 

12 50 
5 75 
4 47 
50 00 
25 00 
50 00 



Receipt No. 4267, 
Receipt No. 4270, 
Receipt No. 4276, 
Receipt No. 4282, 
.Receipt No. 4301, 
Receipt No. 4311, 
Receipt No. 4321, 
Receipt No. 4323. 
Receipt No. 4339, 
Receipt No. 4343, 
Receipt No. 4344, 
Receipt No. 4348, 
Receipt No. 4364, 
Receipt No. 4366, 
Receipt No. 4374, 
Receipt No. 4378, 



10 00 
50 00 
25 00 
12 50 
25 00 
25 00 
21 15 
10 00 
50 00 
38 70 
15 60 
50 00 
12 50 
12 50 
20 00 
12 50 



Receipt No. 4402, 100 00 



Receipt No. 4403, 

Receipt No. 4414, 

Receipt No. 4415, 

Receipt No. 4421, 

Receipt No. 4429, 



30 00 
50 00 
13 03 
25 00 
12 50 



Total, $1,172 99 



13. Annual Meeting Committees. 

The auditors $ 

The Sunday-School committee, 

14. Brooklyn Mission. 

Support, English station, S 

Support, Italian station, •. 

Stationery, 



151 67 
57 33 



810 00 

240 00 

1 84 



209 00 



$ 1,051 84 



15. Building and Grounds. 



Taxes on property, .- $ 1,881 18 

Insurance, 708 67 

Drilling well, boiler cleaner, and other improvements 556 00 $ 3,145 85 



1 6. Publication Account. 



Book and tracts, 

Rebate on tract endowment, 



560 58 
451 18 



Gospel Messengers for missionary purposes, 1,623 27 



Expenses Tract Examining Committee, 
Annual Report of Board, for 1909, 



50 00 
375 00 



Missionary Visitor, 2,684 11 $ 5,744 14 



17. District Mission Work. 



Arkansas, 

California, Northern, 

California, Southern, 

Carolina, North and South, 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, 
Iowa, Middle, 



1,000 00 
400 00 
400 00 
300 00 
650 00 
500 00 



40 



Annual Report 



Iowa, Southern, 

Indiana, Northern, 

Indiana, Southern, 

Kansas, Northwest, and Northern Colorado, 

Missouri, Northern, 

Missouri, Middle, 

Michigan 

Maryland, Eastern, 

Ohio, Northwestern, 

Oregon, Washington and Idaho, 

Oklahoma, 



Total, 



$ 200 00 


100 00 


500 00 


500 00 


500 00 


600 00 


150 00 


424 00 


200 00 


900 00 


200 00 



$ 7,524 00 



18. General Expense. 



Board's travelling expenses, $ 259 14 

Office salaries, 1,980 00 

Postage^ 371 46 

-Travelling secretaries, 533 92 

Treasurer's bond ....... 70 00 

Stationery and sundry supplies, 253 04 



Total, 



19. Donations to Endowment. 



$ 3,467 56 



The number preceding the amount is the number of the receipt sent to the donor. 



Nebraska — 

P. A. Moore, 
Est., .... 



.$28,000 00 



4381, 500 00 

4423, 20 00 

4444, 100 00 



Iowa — 

4025, $ 200 00 

4159, 100 00 

4159, 100 00 

4217, 500 00 

4434, 4,814 00 

Special from W. 

W., 500 00 



Indiana- 



$4,758 00 



5,114 00 



Ohio— 

3961, ."...$1,500 00 

3988, 100 00 

3989, 209 86 

4120, 50 00 

4205, 1,000 00 

4314, 2,000 00 

4338, 100 00 

4355, 200 00 

4401, 500 00 



3999, $ 60 00 

4007, 100 00 

4137, 300 00 

4284, 50 00 

4285, 100 00 

4294, 20 00 

4304, 50 00 

4392, 300 00 

4395, 25 00 

4422, 1,000 00 

Miller Estate, .... 1,833 07 



$5,659 86 



Virginia — 

3963, $1,000 00 

3983, 100 00 

3991, 100 00 

4014, 100 00 

4020 500 00 

4022, 50 00 

4034, 200 00 

4055, 1,200 00 

4067, 110 00 

4070, 500 00 

4134 100 00 

4214 178 00 



Pennsylvania — 

3952, $ 300 00 

3962 100 00 

3972, 190 00 

4175, 950 00 

4234, 1,000 00 

4280, 100 00 

4288 50 00 

4350, 500 00 

4397, 100 00 

4435 500 00 



$3,838 07 



Illinois — 

4024 $ 100 00 

4383 100 00 

4419 250 00 

4436, 450 00 



$3,790 00 



$ 900 00 



Annual Report 41 



Arizona— 4396, 50 00 

3948, $500 00 

' $ 500 00 West Virginia- 
Maryland— 4049, $ 100 00 



4293, $ 250 00 



California — 

$ 250 00 



$ 175 00 

$ 100 00 



Kansas- * ° 4327 ' $ 50 °° 

4386, $ 125 00 $ 50 00 

Total donated to World-Wide endowment for year, $ 54,134 93 

Balance on hand at the beginning of the year, 460,643 23 



Total World-Wide endowment, $514,778 16 

Annuity Mission Fund — 

Receipt No. 4394, Iowa, $ 500 00 

Balance from last year, 1,000 00 



Total in the fund, $ 1,500 00 

India endowment, previously reported, $ 2,050 00 

Gish Estate — 

Previously reported, $ 56,320 88 

Paid in during the year, 13 24 



Total now in the fund, $ 56,334 12 

Total endowment $574,662 28 

20. Endowment by States. 

Illinois $166,427 35 

Pennsylvania, 73,571 36 

Ohio 72,865 52 

Indiana, 67,746 87 

Iowa, 55,970 00 

California, 46,236 58 

Nebraska 28,960 00 

Maryland, 17,879 53' 

Kansas, 16,544 16 

Virginia, 14,654 50 

Missouri, 7,293 00 

Michigan, 1,120 00 

Oregon, 1,000 00 

Arizona 500 00 

West Virginia, 288 00 

Oklahoma, 45 00 

Idaho, 30 00 

District of Columbia 22 50 

North Dakota, 20 00 

Alabama 7 50 

Unclassified, 1,430 41 

India endowment, 2,050 00 



Total, $574,662 28 

21. Gospel Messenger Endowment. 

Previously reported, $ 1,875 00 

Kansas, Receipt No. 4021, 25 00 

Iowa, Receipt No. 4159 25 00 

Pennsylvania, Receipt No. 4341, .' 25 00 

Illinois, Receipt No. 4438, 25 00 

Total, $ 1,975 00 



42 



Annual Report 



22. Assets. 

Cash on hand $ 11,158 69 

Bills receivable, secured by mortgages, 454.651 00 

Brethren Publishing House, 130,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, bills receivable 23,599 23 

Due from Brethren Publishing House, . . . .' 12,500 00 

Church extension, bills receivable, 8,397 48 

Real Estate, ." 22,389 30 

Total assets, March 31. 1910 $662 695 70 

Total assets, March 31. 1909, 619,741 18 

Increase $ 42,954 52 

Statement of Ledger. 

Cash $ 11.158 69 

WORLD-WIDE FUND. 

Fund S 28.386 03 

Mission stud3', $ 132 09 - 

Sundries, 482 25 

(Cash $27,771 69.) 

CHURCH EXTENSION. 

Church extension fund S 10.912 88 

Church extension bills receivable $ 8,397 48 

(Cash $2,515 40.) 

INDIA FUND. 

India hospital, $ 2.047 93 

Orphanage, 830 45 

Native village, 1100 

Widows' home, 48 00 

(Cash $2,937 38.) 

SPECIAL MISSIONS. 

Africa, ' $ 64 50 

Japan 75 80 

Philippines 81 40 

Porto Rico. _ 229 37 

South America, 49 44 

Terusalem 5 00 

New England, ._ 155 00 

South native white 23 23 

Australia, 16 00 

Cuba mission. 221 13 

(Cash $920 87.) 

MISCELLANEOUS FUNDS. 

Colored industrial $ 397 75 

Gish Testament Fund : 504 27 

Ministerial and Missiona^ relief fund, 7,173 21 

Gish Publishing fund, 662 56 

(Cash $8,737 79.) 

SPECIAL SUPPORT FUNDS. 

California Sunday school, $ 141 51 

Nebraska. $ 3 81 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 125 00 

Second Virginia, 81 43 

Waynesboro congregation $ 15 

Huntingdon Young People's Missionary Temperance Society. 149 92 

Northern Indiana Sundav school S 464 00 



Annual Report 43 

North^ Dakota, China, $ 837 58 

Pipe Creek congregation, 300 00 

Quemahoning congregation, 250 00 

(Cash $1,795 64.) 

INTEREST BEARING FUNDS. 

Denmark poor fund, $ 2,700 35 

Gospel Messenger endowment, 1,975 00 

India endowment, 2,050 00 

Missionary endowment, 1,500 00 

Brethren Publishing House, $ 12,500 00 

Brethren Publishing House investment, 130,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House reserve, $ 30,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, bills receivable, 23,599 23 

Endowment bills receivable, 454,651 00 

World-Wide endowment, 514,778 16 

Real estate, , 22,389 30 

Minnesota farm, 281 82 

Gish estate, ^ 56,334 12 

(Cash overdrawn, $33,520 08.) 

STATEMENT OF CASH. 

World-Wide. , $ 27,771 69 

Church extension 2,515 40 

India funds 2,937 38 

Special missions, 920 87 

Miscellaneous funds, : 8,737 79 

Special support funds, 1,795 64 

Interest bearing, overdrawn, S 33,520 08 

Cash on hand, 11,158 69 

$ 44,678 77 $ 44,678 77 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE. 

Even tho in some business circles the cry of " hard times " was heard the business 
of the House, even in the manufacturing department, has kept up well and the year has 
been an encouraging one. It closed showing the following resources and liabilities, 
based on a most careful and conservative inventory of the entire concern: 

Resources — 

Cash on hand, $ 1,912.58 

Office fixtures 1.944.04 

Machinery, 68,801.40 

Old Ledger, 1906, 20.49 

Old Ledger, 1908, '. 143.54 

Accounts receivable, 14,652.36 

Expense, 93.00 

Merchandise, 12,146.20 

Gospel Messenger, stock on hand, 160.90 

Quarterlies, 64.00 

Job, 19,133.96 

Bookstore, 2,696.75 

Gish Publishing Fund, 1,365.84 



Total $137,190.96 

Liabilities — 

Old Leder account, 1907, S ^43.10 

Gospel Messener, unexpired subscriptions, 18,786.65 

Inglenook, unexpired subscriptions, 1,768.47 

Our Young People, unexpired subscriptions, 1,827.97 

Sunday-school papers, unexpired subscriptions, 1,696.62 

Quarterlies, 10.98 

Teachers' Monthly, 1.041.38 

Gospel Messenger Poor fund, 257.48 

Capital stock, , 111,758.31 



Total, $137,190.96 



u 



Annual Report 



While the increase in circulation on some of the periodicals has not been so much, 
on others it was very good and on all there was an increase. This increased support 
is appreciated. 

The Board is pleased to know and to report that those directly in charge of the 
development of the various phases of the publication work, the manager with his 
assistants, and the editors are using their energies to develop a most effectual work for 
the Master thru the medium of the press. 

GISH PUBLISHING FUND. 

Through Brother and Sister James R. Gish this Fund was founded. The following 
statistics in a small measure outline the scope of its usefulness. The influence exerted 
by these books on the ministry of our church and in turn to the laity cannot be told. 
The whole church must thank our dear brother and sister for their liberality. 

The following rules govern the fund: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish; estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be added to it. 

Section 3. Purpose. — The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers of 
the Church of the Brethren with such books and other printed matter as may be helpful 
to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Mission Board shall appoint a committee of 
three, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member expires each year, 
whose- duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the Publication Department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Surplus. — Any surplus on hand at the end of the fiscal year of the 
General Mission Board shall, after proper allowance has been made for selected books 
not yet published, be turned over to the fund for superannuated and disabled ministers 
and missionaries: but should it not be needed in said fund, then it shall be given to 
the World-wide Mission Fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly reduced 
rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, including the 
expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Mission Board shall cause to be published an 
annual report of the fund, including the list of books published and the number of 
copies distributed each year. 

DISTRIBUTION OF BOOKS. 

Previously Sent out Total distri- 

reported dur. 1909 . bution to date 

Alone With God, 1,648 93 1,741 

Bible Dictionary, 1,458 111 1,569 

Bible Manners and Customs, 1,551 98 1,649 

Bible Readings and Bible Studies, 452 452 

Bible Atlas 965 80 1.045 

Book of Books 1.897 95 1,992 

Bound Tracts, 2,499 2,499 

Brethren Defended, 997 92 1,089 

^Bulwarks of Faith, 703 703 

Cruden's Concordance, 1,327 116 1,443 

*Divinity of Christ, 3,000 3,000 

Eternal Verities, 2,195 72 2,267 

How to Master the English Bible, 917 • 144 1,061 

History of the Brethren, 857 104 961 

*Kline, Life of John, 1,145 1,145 

Edersheim's Life of Christ, 2 Vol., 1,169 100 1,769 

Lord's Supper, 2,876 124 3,000 

Modern Secret Societies, 2,030 112 2,142 

Problems of Pulpit and Platform, 742 176 918 

^Resurrection of Christ, 1,000 1.000 

Seven Churches of Asia 892 76 968 

Sick, Dving and Dead, 951 208 1,159 

*Square Talk about Inspiration of Bible, . . 2,485 2,485 

*Sunday School Commentary, 8,937 8,937 

Schaff's Hist, of Christian Church, Vol. I, 442 442 

Schaff's Hist, of Christian Church, Vol II, 152 152 

Teacher Training with Master Teacher, . . 827 143 970 



Annual Report 



45 



The Twelve Apostles, 1,123 

^Topical Bible, 664 

Topical Text Book, 1,330 

Trine Immersion, 2,206 

Universalism, 844 

Young Preacher, 1,286 

Totals, 51,021 

*No longer distributed by the fund. 



134 


1,257 


24 


688 


132 


1,462 


95 


2,301 


120 


964 


127 


1,413 



3,622 



54,643 



ADMINISTRATION OF THE FUND. 



To some, at least, as this fund grows in usefulness a short history as set forth in 
the following table, will be of interest: 





■3 


a 




£ 




<o 


rn 






■a 


-3 M 











Sg^ 


H 


u 


CM 


*3 


tt& 




v. 





o 


c -.2 


■4-> <u 

■3 02 

c a 


S.2 


*s 


° a 


lis 




0) C 


t>H 


< 


< 


U 


£■* 










TL. T. Holsinger 


1899 


$ 400 00 






j A. H. Puterbaugh 
[J. H. Moore 


1890 


1,544 83 


$ 500 00 


$ 9 40 


" 


1901 


3,407 34 




50 00 


" 


1902 


1,987 11 


1,241 27 


16 95 


f L. T. Holsinger 


1903 


4,145 19 


981 49 


14 00 


\ J. E. Miller 
[j. H. Moore 










1904 


2,572 32 


827 55 


8 95 


[ L. T. Holsinger 


• 1905 


2,354 63 


512 80 


3 42 


{ J. E. Miller 
I J. W. Wayland 
f Grant Mahan 1909 


1906 


1,702 39 


772 91 


45 43 


\ J. E. Miller 1910 
{ J. W. Wayland 1908 










1907 


2,667 72 


530 33 


49 55 




1908 


3,459 75 


681 91 





rj. W. Wayland 1908 


1909 


829 79 


472 42 




N J. E. Miller 1910 

I J. H. B. Williams 1912 
| f J. E. Miller 1910 


1910 


2,489 24 


456 85 


8 60 


•j J. H. B. Williams 1912 
I 1 1. B. Trout 191-3 


Total 


I $27,560 31 


| $6,977 53 


| $206 85 


1 



The terms of the fund provide that twenty -per cent of each year's income be passed 
to the Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. During the year just closed three 
books have been placed on the list for ministers, — Vols. I and II of Schaff's History of 
the Christian Church and Rosenberger's Bible Readings and Bible Studies. All of 
these books are of unusual merit and without doubt will prove of much use to our min- 
istry. Schaff's History perhaps is without equal in the sphere it occupies. The first 
book announced for the coming year is the Historical Annual Meeting Minutes, giving 
the full proceedings of the Annual Meeting as far back as it is possible to obtain them. 

Any minister of the Church of the Brethren upon application to the Brethren 
Publishing House can secure a complete list of books sent out under this fund along 
with the terms. In some cases package and postage are charged the minister, in 
others he is expected to bear part of the expense of the books. The administration of 
the fund so far has cost but 1 cent for every $1.33 expended for books. 

On April 1, 1910 the books on the list for distribution were as follows: 

Regular To 

price ministers 

Alone with God. By J. H. Garrison, $ 75 $ 10 

Bible Atlas. Bv J. L. Hurlbut, 2 75 60 

Bible Dictionary. By Smith and Peloubet, 2 00 25 



46 



Annual Report 



Bible Manners and Customs. By C. M. Mackie, $1 00 $0 12 

Bible Readings and Bible Studies. By I. J. Rosenberger, 35 10 

Book of Books. By James M. Gray, 85 12 

Brethren Defended. By R. H. Miller, 75 14 

Cruden's Concordance, 1 00 30 

Eternal Verities. By D. L. Miller, 1 25 19 

How to Master the English Bible. By J. M. Gray, 50 08 

History of the Brethren. By M. G. Brumbaugh, 2 00 48 

Edersheim's Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, Vol. 2, 2 00 69 

Lord's Supper. By D. B. Gibson, 35 10 

Modern Secret Societies. By Chas. A. Blanchard, 75 10 

Problems of the Pulpit. By D. D. Culler, 75 12 

Seven Churches of Asia. By D. L. Miller, 75 14 

Sick, Dying and Dead. By J. G. Royer, 40 07 

Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. I, 4 00 88 

SchafFs History of the Christian Church, Vol. II, 4 00 88 

Teacher Training with the Master Teacher. By C. S. Beardslee, .... 55 09 

The Twelve Apostles. By J. W. Wayland, 75 12 

Topical Text Book. By R. A. Torrey, 30 12 

Trine Immersion. By James Quinter, 90 15 

Universalism Against Itself, 75 15 

Young Preacher, The. By Theo L. Cuyler, 50 10 

AUDITORS REPORT .FOR 1909-1910. 

We, the undersigned Committee appointed by Annual Meeting, to audit the books 
and accounts of the General Mission Board and Publishing House of the Church of the 
Brethren, beg to submit the following report: 

. We verified all the additions in the various account books and checked the posting 
to the ledgers and verified the results of the financial statements herewith submitted. 
We found the same to be correct. 

The few errors found in the report of the Missionary Visitor and Gospel Messenger 
were satisfactorily explained and corrected. 

We found vouchers for all items expended, the number of vouchers issued and 
examined being nearly 15,000. 

We examined the securities and found the amounts as herewith reported. 

All records have been carefully made and .explanations properly accounted for. 

Dated this twenty-second day of April, A. D. 1910. 




♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM 



! STORIES O F HELL'S COMMERCE i 

A few years ago it was not uncommon to hear a Sunday-school 
teacher say: " The pupils of my class are sick and tired of temper- 
ance. I dread to think about teaching the quarterly Temperance 
Lesson." But now all this is changed! We prepare for these 
special lessons with unusual zeal 
and enthusiasm. Often there is 
a bit of friendly rivalry among 
officers, teachers and pupils as 
to who shall be able to report 
the latest temperance news or 
present the strongest argument 
against the licensed saloon. This 
great nation of ours is engaged 
in a mighty Conflict. Battle aft- 
er battle is being fought. Re- 
cruits are flocking to the Prohi- 
bition recruiting stations by 
hundreds and by thousands. 

Temperance Ammunition, in 
the way of tracts, year books, 
rally songs and oratory, is being 
hurried to the front and victories 
are being won. "STORIES 
OF HELL'S COMMERCE " is 
one of the books that is fur- 
nishing valuable help to scores of teachers and officers in the Sun- 
day school. 

Elder J. W. Lear, Chairman of the General Temperance Com- 
mittee, in speaking of this new book says : 

" I find it full of very rich material on the subject of temperance. Its 
stories are pathetic, instructive and inspiring. The incidents uncover some 
©f the conditions in our world that parents need to be acquainted with for 
the safety and well-being of their children. The poems and songs will 
be a source of profit in arranging for temperance programs for temper- 
ance Sundays and temperance rallies." 

I; is a book of 544 pages, besides numerous half-tones. More 
than sixty short stories, nearly 200 thrilling incidents, 20 pages 
of pointed paragraphs, more than 30 poems and 45 new temperance 
songs which may be sung to familiar tunes. A vivid portrayal of 
the evils of intemperance by men and women of international fame. 

Bound in cloth, $1.50 

Half morocco, 2.00 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, 
Elgin, Illinois. 




:: to 



NOTE, 
agents. 



We still have considerable territory that has not been assigned *" 
If you are interested, ask for terms and territory quick. 



♦ »♦»♦♦♦♦ M ♦♦»♦♦♦ » M ♦♦ M ♦»♦♦♦» M »♦♦♦♦♦»»»»♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦» 



Our General Catalog for 1910 
is Free for the asking. 

It r «P , description and prices of all our own publications and a large 
number r$ ier books, Bibles, Text Cards, Floral Wall Mottoes, Art Pictures, 
Post f £> Post Card Albums, Holiday Specialties and Church and Sunday- 
schoo* ^y ies. 

* S> s not a teacher or superintendent that should be without this cata- 
log. ^ .vill find just the book and helps listed that you need in your work. 

B *J .1 afford us pleasure to mail you this 128 page catalog if you will only 
w * Co it. If your friends would like one send in their names and addresses 

V . BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 

Elgin, Illinois 



Sunday School Lesson Bible Chart for 1910 

The accompanying cut shows a reduced facsimile of one 
page of our 1910 Sunday School Lesson Bible Chart. Size, 13x20 
inches. 60 pages. When hung on the wall the larger print 
can be read at a distance of 10 to 15 leet. The Golden Text, 
Memory Verses, and some of the headings are printed in red— 
the rest in blue. It contains all of the Sunday-School Lessons 
for 1910. Each page contains the full text of one of the les- 
sons—The Golden Text, the Home Readings, Three Teach- 
ing Points, Subject and Scripture Reference. The Books of 
the Bible are arranged in groups, for memorizing. There are 
4 pages of songs. Four songs to a page. One page for each 
quarter. Sixteen soul-stirring songs printed in regular song 
sneet size. 
Read what some of the leading Sunday-School Workers 

of the United States say about the Sunday-School Bible 
- Lesson Chart for 1910: 

Marion Lawrence, General Secretary of the International Sun- 
day School Association— "I have never seen anything of the 
kind that compared with it for helpfulness along the very lines 
where help is needed." 

Dr. W. A. Duncan, Founder of the Home "Department— "I 
know of nothing like it nor so good, and I heartily recommend 
it to all Home Department Students." 

Dr. H. M. Hamil— "I think your Chart to be one of the most 
timely and helpful of all recent additions to Sunday School 
literature." 

W. B. Jacobs, General Secretary of the Illinois Sunday School 
Association— "It is a practical, simple and useful help for 
Bible study to hang upon the walls of every home." (Mr. 
Jacobs just ordered 50 copies.) 

J REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD HAVE IT 

1. It keeps the lesson before you the entire week. 2. The 
Teaching Points are suggestive- and will start you to think 
about what the lesson is to teach you and others. 3 V It is at- 
tractive to old and young, and gives you a decidedly favorable 
impression of the lesson. 4. If hung in the dining room it 
vill lead you to talk about the lesson while yiu eat. 5. It w'll 
aviken a relish for further study. 

The remainder of our supply will be closed out at half price, 25 CENTS. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 




|;p ; n 



T s-. ; .: . .-. "' 




Hi— I Ijl 




HE MISSIONARY VISITOR 






Waiting for the Light 

Mary C. Stoner 

Are they waiting in the darkness 
For the coming of the Light? 

Growing old, and weak and weary, 
Drawing near the grave's dark night? 

When the falt'ring, feeble footsteps 

Linger by the silent tomb, 
Does there come a voice of triumph 

From the deep'ning depth of gloom? 

When the staff that now supports him 

Falls beside the lonely bed, 
Is there hope, and life and blessing 

For the fallen, heathen dead? 

Blessed Lord, send forth Thy workers, 
Let Thy children not delay; 

Breathe, oh breathe Thy love, undying, 
Into sinful hearts today! 

Yea, dear Lord, while souls are dying, 
Lost, for lack of love to Thee, 

Consecrate us, fill and send us 
With Thy message full and free. 

Take our hearts, O blessed Savior, 
Take our lives, our wills, our all, 

Sweet shall be our humble service, 
Gladly we obey Thy call. 

Ladoga, Ind. 



Some lines called forth by cover picture of the May Visitor. 






Contents for July, 1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT,— 234 

WORLD-WIDE,— .211 

ESSAYS,— 

Some Reflections from the Mirror, By W. L. Eikenberry, 214 

How It Is Done, By the Pastor, 216 

Elder I. D. Parker, By the Editor, 218 

A Thought Along the Way, By D. J. Lichty, 219 

A Bit of Chinese Custom, By F. H. Crumpacker, 223 

Optional, By J. H. Lear, 226 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— : 237 



The Missionary Visitor 

A MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOARD. KEGTJLAB MEETINGS. 

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GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. BBETHBEH GENERAL MISSION 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Elgin, Illinois. 



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The Missionary Visitor 

July, 1910 Number 7 



Volume XII 



WORLD WIDE 



Last year $2,300 was invested in one 
missionary and native helpers in Korea 
by a certain American Board. This 
missionary and native workers cared for 
forty churches and 5,600 Christians, kept 
1,800 Christian boys in sixty-five day 
schools and sixty-three boys in high 
school. In all of these schools the Bible 
is taught every day. They baptized 529 
and preached as best they could with 
their other duties to 30,000 still in 
heathen darkness. During the year the 
5,600 native Christians gave over $6,000 
for the support of the work. 

\\\\\ V 

////) r 

A new tribe of possibly 3,000,000 souls 
in Portuguese West Africa is soon to 
have the Gospel presented to it. This 
tribe, Lunda, has no written language. 
Dr. John M. Springer and wife, the mis- 
sionaries to them, will have for their 
first duty the learning of a language, and 
the next will be the translation of the 
Gospel into this language. And along 
with this will come the blessed oppor- 
tunity to present the claims of a blessed 
Redeemer to this warlike people. 

> <8S5> 

China is progressing. Sir Robert Hart 
recently said that " of his fifty years 
spent in China, during the first forty- 
five he felt as though he was in a close 
room with every door and window tight- 
ly shut, but the last five made him feel 
as one occupying a room with every win- 
dow and door open, and the breezes 
sweeping through from every quarter of 
heaven." 



A Korean Christian leader says : " If 
in each of the 20,000 towns and villages 
in which as yet there is no church there 
was a trained Christian leader, either 
American or Korean, he could build a 
church in each of these towns in six 
months." 

Evidently the Chinese Government is 
very much in earnest to stop the produc- 
tion and use of opium. This fact no 
doubt was made quite realistic to some 
farmers in China as the following letter 
from Miss Horning in China will show : 
" The anti-opium movement is very 
strong here now. The price is so high 
that the poor can't get it and the using is 
almost prohibited, while the planting is 
strictly prohibited in this province. Some 
farmers nearby insisted on planting it, 
consequently the governor sent soldiers 
to the place and killed forty of the farm- 
ers for disobeying. Terrible ! but I doubt 
if any more will disobey." Of course 
this is in China. But this is China's way 
of enforcing law. While it is cruel be- 
yond measure, yet it shows that they are 
in earnest in their endeavors to stamp 
out the cruel habit. We of course will 
condemn such ruthless slaughter, but for 
years and years we have allowed and are 
still allowing, under a higher civilization, 
an evil that daily destroys more lives than 
did this governor. If this man is so in- 
terested for the morals of his people, how 
much more should we be for their souls. 



For the first time in the 175 years of 
history of Moravian mission work the 



212 



The Missionary Visitor 



Julv 
1910 



Church has lost a member of its Mission 
Board at sea. Rev. Ernst Reichel em- 
barked from Amsterdam on Jan. 21 for 
Surinam, South America, to visit the ex- 
tensive mission work in that country. 
The ship has never been heard of since. 
Rev. Reichel was one of the most dis- 
tinguished clergvmen of the German pro- 
vince of the Moravian Church. 

During the war the American Bible 
Society sent 20,000 volumes to Johnson's 
army before the fall of Yicksburg, 25,- 
000 to the Southern Baptist Sunday- 
school Board, Greenville. S. C, 50,000 
for Bragg's army, 100,000 for the North 
Carolina soldiers and people, 50,000 to 
our Trans-Mississippi armies, and many 
other thousands to private persons and 
institutions, and, in short, no application 
properly endorsed was refused by the 
American Bible Society, a fact that ren- 
dered easy the resumption of our mutual 
relations when the strife was over. — 
Bible Society Record. 



There are said to be forty-five Chris- 
tians today in the Turkish Parliament. 
This says much for young Turkev. 

During my early years in India I 
spent several months in a village where 
we gained only thirteen converts. I re- 
turned there two years later and found 
eight hundred converts. No missionary 
had been in that village since I left. Who 
did the work of evangelization? Every 
Christian became a witness for Christ. 
This is the way the world was won in the 
first century; it is the way the world is 
to be won today. — Bishop J. M. Tho- 
buni. 

^> 

It is encouraging to note that the Chin- 
ese Government has reconsidered her de- 
cision to suppress the growing and use 
of opium within ten years by an annual 
proportionate reduction and has issued 
orders for its immediate prohibition. 



The Columbia Boys' School and Or- 
phanage at Muzaffarpur, Bengal Confer- 
ence, is the only school offering Chris- 
tian education to boys in a territory con- 
taining over 11,000,000 Hindu and Mo- 
hammedan people. 

The number of Jews in Jaffa, Pales- 
tine, has increased in the last twenty 
years from 4,000 to 20,000. 

The Persian Government is taking 
steps towards discouraging the vice of 
opium smoking. Its use is sadly preva- 
lent. In Kerman there is said to be three- 
fourths of the population addicted to the 
habit, and that women as much as men 
indulge in it. 

Tffl r 

It is estimated on good authority that 
there are 2,000 or more Finns in the Col- 
umbia River Valley and in Portland, 
Oreeron. 



" Green forever be the groves 
And bright the flower}^ sod, 
Where first the child's glad spirit loves 
Its county and its God." 
))^ > 

According to the census of 1900 there 
were seventy-two cities in the United 
States with a colored population of more 
than 5,000 each. Baltimore, Md., alone 
has a population of 92,000 colored peo- 
ple. 

The Methodist Church states that 
seventy per cent of the churches in that 
denomination were organized first as 
Sunday schools and further that eighty- 
five per cent of the additions to the 
church come from the Sunday schools. 

From the South Sea Islands a mission- 
ary- writes to the Chronicle, of London, 
about his trip to that far away field: 
"After we left Sydney we made for the 
Cook Islands, where we spent three 
weeks. At Mitiaro I was taken to see a 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



213 



place where ninety years ago two hun- 
dred men and women were eaten at one- 
time. That was the last great cannibal 
feast on the island, for soon after the 
Gospel was taken there. It is almost im- 
possible to realize that so recently the 
people were cannibal. Now they crowd 
into their churches at every service, and 
although they have not yet reached a 
very high level, yet the Gospel of Christ 
has done wonders. If some people at 
home tell you that the old-fashioned 
Gospel cannot save, you can tell them 
how much it has already done." 



There are signs in Madagascar now 
that point toward much more freedom 
for the missionaries. Under the admin- 
istration of a new Governor many of the 
churches which were closed by his pre- 
decessor have been again opened. This 
has caused great rejoicing among the na- 
tive Christians, who were much de- 
pressed because of the persecution they 
endured. 



Bangkok at an expense of $80 per year. 
Forty years ago it was a disgrace for a 
Laos girl to learn to read. 

The Zulus have a custom like that of 
the ancient Hebrews, in naming a child, 
of giving a name that will mark the time, 
or place, or some incident that occurred 
when the child was born. Recently at 
Durban, Natal, a child was brought for 
registry on a day when a strike had in- 
terrupted traffic on the railroad. The 
child was given the name of Umhlabel- 
ungubevinbelaisitimela, meaning "When 
the-white-man-stopped-the-train." We 
wonder what the boy was called for 
short. — Missionary Herald. 



Two Laos Fathers have sent their 
daughters off to an advanced school in 



It is not so easy for the Chinese girls 
to give up their fashion of foot-binding. 
In one of the mission schools in China it 
is said that some of the girls who come 
into the school and have had their feet 
unbound bind them up again after they 
go to bed at night and put on their stock- 
ings so that no one will know it. How- 
ever, the teacher does not fail to go 
round on a tour of inspection. 




A Familiar Scene on the Conference Grounds. 



214 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



SOME REFLECTIONS FROM 
THE MIRROR 

W. L. Eikenberry 



H 



HAVE been having 
another look in the 
Mirror. Its reflection 
has not been very 
pleasing. There are 
too many questions in 
it. 

I have chosen to 
look at the reflection 
of the summary by 
Districts in the three 
Mirrors. (December, 1909, p. 383 ; April, 
1910, p. 119; June, 1910, p. 185.) The 
summary by congregations is very inter- 
esting and important but too complicated 
to be reviewed briefly. 

These are some of the questions that I 
saw in the Mirror : 

1. Has our missionary growth ceased ? 
In a former number of the Visitor 
(March, 1910, p. 85) the writer had the 
pleasure of showing that -the great de- 
crease in contributions to ordinary funds 
for 1908-09 was due to our effort to raise 
the Bicentennial Fund and did not of ne- 
cessity indicate a permanent falling off. 
It was there shown that at the rate of in- 
crease we should expect about $47,000 
in contributions for 1909-10. The fig- 
ures are now in. The secretary informs 
us that the contributions for the past 
year are but $40,169.80. We have fallen 
behind the amount which might have 
been reasonably expected by approxi- 
mately $7,000 and are scarcely ahead of 
the figures for 1906 ($39,080.07). Have 
we been growing during the past four 
years or not ? 

2. Is this our estimate of the need? 
Careful inspection of the Mirror shows 
that most of the Districts gave to the Bi- 
centennial Fund a per capita of some- 



thing in the neighborhood of fifty cents. 
Just one half of the Districts gave no 
more than sixty cents per capita, and by 
all odds the larger amount of money 
came, from Districts whose contribution 
ranged about fifty cents. 

In like manner eighteen of the forty 
Districts contributed to their own Dis- 
trict work less than forty cents ; also 
twenty Districts contributed less than 
forty cents per capita to the funds of the 
General Board for 1909-10. Adding the 
latter two together it appears that one- 
half of the Districts, including many of 
the wealthy and populous ones, estimated 
the needs of the Lord's work, outside of 
their own congregations, at less than 
eighty cents. Is our faith as small as 
shown by our works? (Jas. 2: 18.) 

3. Does heavy District expenditure de- 
crease the contribution to the General 
Fund? One is fain to hope that the facts 
may show that those Districts which 
give so little for the general work of the 
Board may be expending large amounts 
for home work. In order to investigate 
this let us arrange the Districts in 
groups, the first group including those 
twelve which gave the most, the second, 
the twelve that stand next, and the re- 
maining sixteen in the third group. Let 
us also arrange the reports on the three 
funds which have been analyzed in the 
Mirrors, in parallel columns. 

Several things are at once evident. In 
the first place eight of those that were 
in the first twelve in the Bicentennial are 
in the same group in District expendi- 
tures and in contributions for the use of 
the Board ; six of those appearing in the 
second twelve (marked with a star) are 
absent from this list only where their 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



215 



Twelve Larger Contributions. (Per Capita.) 



BICENTENNIAL. 



($0.S8 — $2.30) 

1. S. California and Ariz. $1.38 

2. Middle Iowa, 2.30 

3. N. Iowa and Minnesota, 1.87 

4. N. Illinois and Wis., . . 1.28 

5. S. W. Kans., & S. Col., 1.22 

6. Nebraska, 1.17 

7. Oreg. Wash. & Idaho, .80 

8. Texas and Louisiana, 2.38 

9. N. E. Kansas, .88 

10. S. Iowa, 1.48 

11. N. Dak. and Can., . . 1.33 

12. N. Missouri 1.18 



DISTRICT 



($0.75— $2.16) 
S. Californi and Ariz., ..$0.84 

Middle Iowa, 87 

N. Iowa and Minnesota,.. 1.09 
N. Illinois and Wisconsin, 1.26 
S. W. Kans. and S Colo.,. . 1.94 

Nebraska 1.53 

Oregon, Wash, and Idaho, 1.36 
Texas and Louisiana, . . 1.07 

N. California, 2.16' 

S. Iowa 1.03 

S. Illinois, 81 

Oklahoma, 75 



GENERAL, 1910. 



($0.70— $1.31) 

S. California & Ariz $0.92 

Middle Iowa , 1.24 

N. Iowa & Minnesota, 75 

N. Illinois and Wis 1.02 

S. W. Kans. & S. Colo.,.. 1.31 

Nebraska 70 

Oregon, Wash, and Idaho, .74 

Texas and Louisana 1.21 

N. California, 62 

N. W. Ohio 72 

N. Dak and Canada, 1.25 

N. Missouri, -. . . . .74 



Second Twelve Contributors, Medium Amount. 



($0.49 — $0.84) 

13. *S. Illinois $0.71 

14. N. Indiana 67 

15. *N. California, 79 

16. 1st W. Virginia 49 

17. W. Pennsylvania 49 

18. Mid. Missouri, 66 

19. *N. W. Ohio, 84 

20. N. E. Ohio 61 

21. E. Pennsylvania 58 

22. S. Pennsylvania 55 

23. E. Maryland 84 

24. 1st Virginia, 62 

*These districts are found 



($0.36 — $0.70) 

S. Indiana, $0.36 

M. Indiana 34 

N. E. Kansas, 49 

S. E. Kansas 59 

N. W. Kansas, 70 

Mid. Missouri, 70 

*N W. Ohio 41 

Michigan 65 

*N. Missouri, 49 

*N. Dak. and Canada, 66 

Arkansas, 40 

S. Ohio, 68 

in the first twelve when missin 



($0.35 — $0.61) 

*S. Illinois , 

N. Indiana, 
N. E. Kansas, . , 
2nd Virginia, . . 
N W. Kansas, . 
Mid. Missouri, . 

*S. Iowa 

N. E. Ohio 

E. Pennsylvania, 
S. Pennsylvania, 
E. Maryland, . . . 

Oklahoma, 

r from this list. 



.$0.43 

. .45 

. .54 

. .37 

. .37 

. .50 

. .61 

. .49 

. .35 

. .35 

. .42 

. .51 



Those Contributing Smallest Amounts Per Capita. 



( 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 



$0.00— $0.47) 

Mid. Maryland, 

W. Maryland, 

S. Missouri 

N. & S. Carolina 

Mid. Pennsylvania, . . 
Tenn. and Alabama, . . 

2nd Virginia, 

2nd W. Virginia 

Arkansas, 

S. Indiana, 

M. Indiana, 

S. E. Kansas, 

N. W. Kans. & N Colo. 

Michigan, 

S. Ohio, 

Oklahoma 



50.37 
.09 
.15 
.18 
.47 
.23 
.33 
.24 
.15 
.39 
.47 
.24 
.47 
44 
.39 
.37 



($0.00 — $0.29) 

Mid. Maryland $0.09 

W. Maryland, 00 

S. Missouri 17 

N. and S Carolina, 21 

Mid. Pennsylvania, 17 

Tenn. and Alabama 10 

2nd Virginia, 25 

2nd W. Virginia, 04 

E. Pennsylvania, 12 

N. Indiana, 22 

E. Maryland, 19 

1st Virginia 15 

1st W. Virginia, 21 

S. Pennsylvania, 06 

N. E. Ohio, 29 

W. Pennsylvania 21 



($0.00— $0.34) 

Mid. Maryland 

W. Maryland 

S. Missouri 

N. and S. Carolina, . 
Mid. Pennsylvania, . 
Tenn. and Alabama, 

S. E. Kansas, 

2nd W. Virginia, . . . 

Arkansas 

S. Indiana, ......... 

M. Indiana 

1st Virginia, 

1st W. Virginia, . . . 

Michigan 

S. Ohio 

W. Pennsylvania, . . 



.$0.29 

. .09 

. .13 

. .06 

. .25 

. .14 

. .34 

. .08 

. .14 

. .29 

. .34 

, .26 

. .16 

. .32 

. .28 

. .27 



names appear among the first twelve ; 
and seven are found only in the third list. 
In other words, twenty-one of the Dis- 
tricts retain the same relative positions 
whether the contributions are for special, 
local, or general purposes ; and among the 
other eighteen there are no glaring ex- 
ceptions to this rule. The individual, 
congregation, or District, that is liberal 
to one cause will be liberal to other 
causes. 

4. Why is mission-giving geograph- 
ical ? It will be noted that of the eight 
foremost Districts all are western and all 
but one west of the Mississippi River. In 
the second section the Middle West pre- 
dominates. Why should geographical 
location affect us thus? 



5. Do wealth and 'giving correspond? 
There is no way by which we could as- 
certain the respective wealth of the Dis- 
tricts even if we so desired. It is pain- 
fully evident, however, that the pioneer 
Districts of the frontier, which give so 
very liberally, are not the great reposito- 
ries of wealth. We are not giving " as 
the Lord has blessed" us. 

6. Are we doing what we can? Is the 
church making a sacrifice to give eighty 
cents per year per member? Our people 
are not wealthy as the world counts 
wealth, but neither are they in poverty. 
I have never known a member of the 
church, excepting children and aged de- 
pendents, who could not do many times 
that. A dollar is not a sum that looks 



216 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



large to us when any other purpose is 
concerned. 

Some Districts have tried larger 
amounts. Three, Northern Illinois, 
Southwestern Kansas, and Texas and 
Louisiana, have each given more than a 
dollar per capita to each.oi the funds re- 
ported. Six congregations gave to one 
or the other of these funds more than 
five dollars per capita as follows : Walt- 
on. Kans., $10.86; Williston, N. Dak., 
$7.39; Chico, Cal., $6.79; Prairie City, 
Iowa, $6.18; Pomona, Cal., $5.72; West 
Branch, 111., $5.01. We have not heard 
that there has been suffering for this 
world's goods among them. Quite to the 
contrary, it is observed that among the 
lists of twelve congregations giving most 
liberally as given in the Mirror, five 
names appear a second time, undiscour- 
aged by their first experience. If some 
can give ten dollars, the rest of us can 
do better than eighty cents. 

7. We do not expect enough. We get 
little because we expect little. People 
give liberally when they are aroused by 
the need, when their hearts are touched, 
when their innermost souls are stirred. 
You cannot stir men's souls by an appeal 
for a dime, or for fifty cents, or for 
eighty cents, or even for a whole dollar : 



the object must be made to appear worth 
while. Instead of asking for a dollar a 
year we ought to ask for a dollar a 
month. Could we do it? There are a 
few to whom it would be a real sacrifice 
but they are not the ones who object; 
most of them would find the means. If 
we have a hundred thousand members we 
ought to raise a million instead of failing 
on a hundred thousand. We must ex- 
pect great things. " Prove me now here- 
with, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not 
open you the windows of heaven, and 
pour you out a blessing that there shall 
not be room enough to receive it " (Mal- 
achi, 3 : 10) . 

8. Are zve getting results from the 
growth of mission sentiment? That 
there has been a remarkable change of 
sentiment among us, from open opposi- 
tion to enthusiastic interest, is beyond 
discussion. The rapidity of this change 
is one of the surprises of present-day 
church history. The past quarter cen- 
tury has been a time of planting and 
watering. Is it not time now that the 
plant which has been so well cultivated 
and which has grown so well, should 
hear fruit abundantly? 

University of Chicago. 



HOW IT IS DONE 



The Pastor 




X May Visitor, p. 173, 
is given a brief state- 
ment of the offerings 
of a city church of 
about forty members, 
$757. May I suggest 
that to that list be 
added some $200 
more that was given 
in private ways (that 
I know of. and mavbe 



considerably more). 



Our members are not wealthy, but are 
business men and do the Lord's work in 
a business way, too. Some of them are 
tithing and that is part of the liberality 
manifest. Our plan is something on this 
order: 

1. All church expenses (janitor, heat, 
light, insurance, love feast, and Sunday- 
school supplies) are paid by an assess- 
ment of 25c a member per month. That 
raises about S120 a year. Sunday-school 
supplies are paid for the year in advance. 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



217 



2. Sunday-school offerings go to the 
support of a native worker in India, the 
balance to some other mission work as 
may be decided. The offerings average 
about $3 per Sunday with an average at- 
tendance of about fifty pupils. 

3. Birthday offerings are asked for 
each Sunday — a penny for each year of 
age by each one as their birthdays come. 
This brings about $10 per year. 

4. During the first quarter our solici- 
tor privately collects our District mission 
dues, — $1.30 for each member, or about 
$50 a year from our church. 

5. Easter Sunday is given up to Sun- 
day-school program, followed by our 
offering for World-Wide Missions — al- 
ways expected, announced, collected and 
sent in in time for the Annual Meeting 
offering. 

6. Sometimes on July 4 a special pro- 
gram and offering — at least by early fall 



a special offering for some needy church 
or organization. 

7. Thanksgiving Day is time for an- 
other special offering, to be sent to some 
agreed work. 

8. Christmas is time for a program 
and another special offering for some 
good cause. 

You will notice that we expect at least 
one special offering each quarter. Fur- 
ther while all pay equally in supporting 
local church dues, the amount is so small 
(25c a month) that every member ought 
to pay at least that much where he gets 
the immediate benefit therefrom. Then 
the opportunities at special offerings 
give those of larger means an opportu- 
nity to give as the Lord has prospered 
them. 

A further secret is the fact that the 
Missionary Visitor has for several 
years gone into every home connected 
with either the Sunday school or church. 



GETTING LOCATED 

F. H. Crumpacker 



It has been the aim of the Brethren 
Mission in China to find a territory that 
will admit of expansion and yet not over- 
lap other territory held by other mission 
societies. This we think we have now, 
and have room for at least twenty work- 
ers at once. Would you like to be one of 

the TWENTY? 

Ping Ting Chou is the station we are 
now opening. Property is procured and 
we have come and are repairing the 
house and getting acquainted with the 
people. 

Getting into a new place is not an easy 
task in China. But by the help of 



Chinese who are anxious for their peo- 
ple to hear the Gospel we are at last here. 
We have been visiting this place for sev- 
eral weeks, trying to get a place, and can 
thank a kind heavenly Father that we are 
now here. It is the prayer of the writer 
that he may enjoy many years in and 
about this place, telling the story of a 
crucified and risen Christ. 

Will the readers of the Visitor join 
us in a prayer of praise to our good Fath- 
er for past blessing and a prayer of sup- 
plication for future guidance? 

Ping Ting Chou, Sliansi, China. 



The consequences of conduct do not die with the doers. — Alex- 
ander Maclaren. 



21S 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



ELDER I. D. PARKER 

By the Editor 



Again the Visitor is called upon to 
chronicle the death and review the life of 
another of the church's active workers in 
educational and missionary lines, this 
time it being our late departed Elder I. D. 
Parker, of Goshen, Ind. 

Born on a farm near Loudonville, 
Ohio, on January 22, 1847, Brother Par- 
ker as a boy enjoyed those sturdy con- 
ditions that do much to make men of use- 
fulness. Though his opportunities were 
meagre along lines his heart yearned 
most after, — the acquiring of a good edu- 
cation — rhe made such use of the oppor- 
tunities at his command as to enable him 
to do considerable schoolwork. In his 
earlier manhood he identified himself 
with those first, seemingly fruitless, ef- 
forts to establish Christian schools when 
the church gave such projects no en- 
couragement. His heart was always open 
to the appeals of our schools in time of 
need. Later in life he rendered as a so- 
licitor of funds, invaluable assistance to 
Manchester College and later to Union 
Bridge Collegiate Institute. 

At sixteen he gave his heart to the 
Lord and was active in church and Sun- 
day-school work. An twenty-six he ac- 
cepted the ministry and five years later 
was, at the hands of our sainted James 
Quinter, ordained to the bishopric. Ash- 
land congregation, Ohio, enjoyed by far 
the larger . share of his labors when he 
was at his best. In the later part of his 
life he lived and labored at Elkhart and 
North Manchester, Ind., and at the time 
of his death had his home in Goshen, Ind. 

But his efforts were not confined to the 
individual congregations. He was in his 
prime one of our ablest evangelists and 
many over the Brotherhood look to him 
as their spiritual father. Aside from the 
times he served as an officer of the dis- 




Elder I. 3>. Parker. 

trict meeting where he resided he served 
on Standing Committee in our General 
Conferences and one or more times as an 
officer of the Conference. He was often 
chosen to serve on committees to 
churches, and there showed his tactful- 
ness, Christian forbearance and yet loyal- 
ty to the principles of the church. 

Few were better fitted as a solicitor 
than he. In this capacity many will re- 
member him. His ability to present the 
cause for which he labored was so clear 
and convincing that many responded to 
his appeals. For over ten years he was 
a traveling secretary for the General Mis- 
sion Board, and none, unless it should be 
Daniel Vaniman, exceeded him in 
amount turned into the Board. While 



1910 

July 



The Missionary Visitor 



21 £ 



for the last few years he had not been ac- 
tive for the Board, yet he never ceased 
to labor for others. He was largely in- 
strumental in having- some of our schools 
placed under district supervision, and 
constantly was he alert for the advance- 
ment of the kingdom everywhere. 

Dec. 25, 1873, he and Sister Jemima 
Moherman were united in marriage. 
They walked together through all these 
years, labored, prayed and wept, and she 
alone is left to miss her companion as only 
an affectionate wife realizes, and to carry 
out the purposes and plans of her hus- 
band as talked over when he was living. 

Brother Parker was one of the hopeful 
class of men. Others would have given 
up when he still pressed forward hope- 
fully. Friends warned him of the on- 
slaught of disease in his body, but with a 
smile he would sav, " I am feeling; better 



than I did." Thus it was that few were 
prepared for the change when it did 
come. 

Several weeks before his death he and 
his wife went to the old home in Ohio to 
spend a few weeks. Thursday morning 
he had a severe chill ; better in the after- 
noon and they went to town. Friday 
morning intense pain in the region of his 
chest, and all attending physicians could 
do did not give much relief. Saturday, 
May 21, 1910, near noon, having fallen 
into a deep sleep during the forenoon, he 
quietly passed away and was no more. 

Loving friends laid the remains to rest 
in the churchyard where so often he had 
comforted others in the hour of sorrow, 
where he had preached oftener than at 
any other place, and the life once so use- 
ful is today held in precious memory by 
the many dear ones who miss him. 



A THOUGHT ALONG THE WAY 

D. J. Lichty 




OR us this is Sunday in 
Naples. It is the third 
Lord's Day that we 
have not been per- 
mitted to worship 
with any of our dear 
brethren. But we have 
not forgotten them, 
and along with our 
private devotions of 
the day we take the 
opportunity of expressing our apprecia- 
tion of all the love and kindness they 
iave shown us throughout our year's so- 
journ in America. 

Of course a good share of our time 
was rightfully claimed by our dear par- 
ents, relatives and friends. To us they 
were a great joy and our sojourn with 
them afforded the best opportunity and 
conditions for regaining much needed 
health and strength. 



We were invited to visit churches from 
ocean to ocean and from north to south, 
but our ambitions were limited by time 
and distance to the extent that we were 
able to be of service to a comparatively 
few congregations in nine different 
States east of the Mississippi River. But 
to have gotten over even so limited a ter- 
ritory was not only a pleasure, but also 
highly instructive and full of rich, spirit- 
ual experiences. We think we know the 
Brotherhood as we never knew it before. 
We saw it at work in Annual Confer- 
ence, in the committee room, in its Sun- 
day-school and general church work, in 
six of her colleges, and lastly in the 
homes and lives of the individual mem- 
bers. 

But it is not for us here to give our 
detailed impression of what we learned 
and witnessed. Let us record only this 
single observation that while there are 



220 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



successes, failures and problems, peculiar 
to the church and her institutions as a 
whole, we noticed that wherein one con- 
gregation or institution was weak, an- 
other was strong; one's failure, another's 
success, while many of their problems 
varied in kind and degree. 

It is good that we attain to a degree 
of succees, lest we become discouraged. 
We need sometimes to be humiliated by 
failure. Problems come, and need to 
come, to make us strong and virile. 
These in turn give rise to differences of 
opinion among brethren as to their solu- 
tion, but need not, nor indeed ought to, 
be a source of contention and division. 
On the other hand it affords opportunity 
for the exercise of a greater virtue than a 
mere insistence that all the other brethren 
should bow to our own way of thinking, 
which too often is prejudiced by a limited 
experience, within a limited area, and by 
our individual and limited past training. 
We refer to that virtue, without which 
all our pretentions to humility and piety 
are a farce and our claim to Christian 
growth and activity a fraud ;— the great- 
est of all virtues, Christian charity. 

Away with the man who hopes for the 
day to come when everybody will think 
as he does, or dreams of the time when 
the Church will have no problems. A 
living Church will always have problems. 
One difficulty overcome, another will 
arise. But these problems should not be 
self-imposed, nor should they grow out 
of doubtful disputings of theology, but 
rather from life, activity and progress 



incident to the search for truth and pro- 
gressive evangelism. 

The Church of the Brethren at the 
present time has a number of grave prob- 
lems to solve (attention is frequently 
called to them in print), and differences 
in which forbearance is needed, and a 
work to do which can be done only by a 
body united in the bonds of Christian 
love and one full of the Spirit of Christ. 
And this is ever our prayer, that God 
may bless our dear people and make them 
a blessing in the work to which they are 
called. 

As we return to our work and people 
in India we want them to partake with 
us of the good things, we received in 
America. Through the kindness of the 
Waterloo churches we are able to intro- 
duce some modern farming machinery 
of the simpler kind for the benefit of our 
Christian people who are agriculturists. 

Xor must we forget to mention the 
kind liberality of Mr. Wm. Galloway of 
the Galloway Manufacturing Company. 
Waterloo, Iowa, who presented us with 
a five horsepower gasoline engine which 
is to be used in running our irrigation 
pump at Vulli. Mr. Galloway is a young 
man at the head of a large and growing 
factory, and in the presentation of so gen- 
erous a gift we are inclined to think that 
he has a heart as big as his factory. 

In four days we hope to resume our 
voyage Indiaward. and we are scheduled 
to reach Bombay. June 6. 

Xaples, Italy, May 16. 




July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



221 



A LOVING TRIBUTE 



It is the unusual that rivets the atten- 
tion of every one. Time passes and, with 
it, labor for good or ill. Only now and 
then, so rarely as once in the life time for 
only a few, is the total of life's labors of 
faithful service summed up in a token of 
esteem and given to the deserving one 
while he has length of days to enjoy it. 
Such, however, is the precious lot of our 
dearly beloved brother, Bishop D. L. 
Miller, of Mt. Morris, 111. 

At the recent Conference at Winona 
Lake, Ind., Brother Miller, through the 
promptings cf " the infirmities of age," 
tendered his resignation as a member of 
the General Mission Board. His term 
had not expired, his heart is just as young 
as ever in the cause, and he would that he 
had twenty-five years more to give to 
this work. Resignation was not a new 
thing for him, either. He has made ef- 
forts before and was asked to continue. 
Simply his value brought about through 
years of experience has always prompted 
other Standing Committees to decline the 
acceptance of his resignations. 

His has been an unusual service on the 
Board in many ways. He was one of the 
first elected twenty-six years ago. While 
the other members were on and off the 
Board, he has been on continuously. But 
one other of the original five remains to 
behold the growth of the work that they 
had the privilege of beginning. Brother 
Miller began as secretary and treasurer. 
Twenty years ago he resigned as secre- 
tary, ten years ago he resigned as treas- 
urer, and ended his career as a member 
of the Board as its honored president. 
The Board's work was his highest ideal 
of labor and his first purpose. In the 
twenty-six years he never missed a meet- 
ing, save when in a foreign land. He 
traveled in the interests of missions on 
his own account. The extent of his 



knowledge through observation so wide, 
and native good judgment, made him 
easily a leader of the mission forces of 
the church. His move to place the pub- 
lishing interests in the hands of the 
church, when as a private business yield- 
ing so good an income it would have 
prompted smaller souls to hold on, has 
proven thus far to be a great blessing 
and power to the church. The endow- 
ment, which has reached splendid pro- 
portions, is the child of his suggestion. 
On every hand has he fostered the devel- 
opment of the church until East and 
West, North and South, he is cherished 
as a " Father " in the church. 

And why did the Standing Committee 
this year accept the resignation? Were 
they tired of his services ? Did they con- 
sider him worn out ? Could every ear of 
the church have heard the expressions of 
protest to accepting, could every eye have 
seen the flowing tears in the room as the 
subject was considered, they would know 
full well how reluctantly the entire sub- 
ject was being considered. At last, and 
only out of consideration from a health 
standpoint, did the body most reluctantly 
move. But at once every heart was think- 
ing of some method of expression that 
would convey in a small way what an en- 
tire Brotherhood would feel when the 
resignation would be made known. 
Hence, resolutions not of he ordinary 
sort were prepared to accompany the 
resignation. 

It was Tuesday morning. Conference 
had been opened in the fullness of the 
Spirit. Reappointments were being ap- 
proved. The vacancies on the General 
Mission Board came in their turn, and 
here the following resignation and ac- 
companying resolutions were read, while 
the packed tabernacle sat in breathless 
silence to catch every word : 



222 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 

1910 



Winona Lake, Indiana, June 4, 1910. 
To the Standing Committee of 1910. 
Dear Brethren, Greeting: — 

Twenty-six years ago, on the 18th of this 
month, the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren was duly organ- 
ized. Two of the most prominent members 
of the Board at that time have gone to 
rest, — Daniel Vaniman and Enoch Eby. At 
the first meeting it was found that the sum 
of $8.49 was in the treasurer's hands and 
the first year of the Board's activities about 
$3,000 was raised and expended for mission 
work. Since then we have received and ex- 
pended $822,000, nearly $70,000 the last year, 
288 meetinghouses have been built, nearly 
one-fourth of the churchhouses in the 
Brotherhood; missions have been estab- 
lished from the Atlantic to the Pacific, — 
in Brooklyn, Baltimore, Washington, Pitts- 
burg, Chicago, Denver, Portland, Los An- 
geles, and nearly a hundred smaller towns 
and cities, and in foreign fields in India, 
China, Asia Minor, Switzerland, France, 
Sweden, Denmark; and arrangements are 
completed to start a mission in the holy 
city of Jerusalem. The publishing interests 
of the church were secured by the Board 
for the Brotherhood and a net profit has 
resulted in the thirteen years the Church 
has owned it of nearly $190,000. I do not 
refer to the progress thus made to boast 
but to show what God hath wrought in 
these years through the weak instrumentali- 
ties of his people. For twenty-six years I 
have served the church as a member of the 
board. I am not tired now and - I would 
like another quarter of a century of active 
life to put in the work so dear to me. But 
the infirmities, of age are coming upon me, 
and because of this and not a lack of de- 
sire I hereby tender my resignation as a 
member of the General Mission Board of 
the Church of the Brethren. 

Your fellow-worker for Christ and the 
Church. -. D. L. Miller. 

The above resignation was reluctantly 
accepted and the following resolutions 
passed: 

Whereas, on account of failing health 
Elder D. L. Miller offers to the Conference 
through the Standing Committee his resig- 
nation as a member of the General Mission 
Board, and 

Whereas, we feel his services in the work 
of missions are so important and useful 
both to the Board and to the church 
through his many years of experience and 
travel in mission lands, 

We offer the following resolutions: 

1. Desiring to do nothing to lessen his 
days of usefulness for the church militant, 
or lay any unnecessary burden upon him 



because we need him as long as God may 
spare him to us, we can accept his resigna- 
tion only on account of his failing health 
and do so most reluctantly. 

2. We acknowledge with gratitude his in- 
calculable service through these many years, 
having been a member of the Mission Board 
from its beginning, having traveled exten- 
sively with a purpose to know the need 
of the world and opportunities of the 
church both at home and abroad. Also hav- 
ing been in touch with the publishing inter- 
ests for so many years and helping so 
largely in making the present large plant 
a success and the property of the church. 

3. In view of the above facts and his great 
helpfulness to the Board and their urgent 
request for it, we recommend that he be 
made an advisory member of the General 
Mission Board during his lifetime. 

4. We extend to him the gratitude of 
this Conference for these long years of wise 
counsel and loyal and untiring service and 
invoke the blessing of God upon the work 
to which he has contributed so much and 
that many years may be yet given him and 
his good wife enriched with the blessings 
of God. 

There was no discussion, for there 
were too many tears and choked voices. 
"Are there any objections to the passing 
of this paper?" and the Moderator caught 
himself. " We will pass on this paper by 
a rising vote of all in the tabernacle " 
was the turn in affairs. The question 
was barely put until that audience arose 
in quick response, — not to show haste in 
accepting the resignation, no, no; but to 
express in tenderest and promptest man- 
ner possible the sentiments of the resolu- 
tions. 

"A life advisory member." Couched 
in that term is the love, appreciation, 
recognition and suggestion of ability to 
be used and yet not to be taxed, the 
" freedom of serving " with the Board 
without feeling the obligation of service 
when that would mean too much to his 
strength. 

The Board in its session that followed 
the close of the meeting, when reorgan- 
ization was effected, elected Brother Mil- 
ler as its president for the ensuing year. 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



223 



A BIT OF CHINESE CUSTOM 

F. H. Crumpacker 




E are learning slowly 
some of those things 
that the " Chinese na- 
tion has been holding 
on to for ages. His- 
tory can scarcely find 
the beginnings of 
some of these ways of 
doing things. 
A birthday is a very 
prominent feature of 
Chinese life. Be it remembered that only 
" boys " are entitled to these ceremonies, 
unless it be the Empress or some such 
prominent character. 

When the boy baby is born there is a 
lot of demonstration and giving of pres- 
ents by the friends. When he is a month 
old the monthly birthday is observed. 
The friends do not wait for an invitation 
to a feast, but send presents to the boy, 
which is a surety that they are to be 
among the invited guests to the birth- 
day feast. This over there is not much 
thought of the son till he is getting to be 
about a year old. Then the friends begin 
to inquire as to when the birthday is to 
be. The day is made known and then 
the presents begin to come in by those 
who count on being at the feast. To be 
sure the people are careful that they be- 
long to the proper class ere .they send in 
the presents and expect to be at the feast. 
No one will rise above his class. He sets 
his standards, but seldom if ever is he 
overreaching his proper standing. 

After this yearly birthday not much is 
thought till the child is ten, then these 
ceremonies are gone through with, but 
this time the child is a real member of the 
receiving company. . He is made to come 
in and make the proper ceremonial bow 
to all the guests, at the same time stating 



that he is not worthy of their notice. He 
makes a lot of statements, that the father 
has taught him to make. These are all 
to praise the visitors and humble himself 
before them. 

After this not much is thought of till 
he reaches at least 40. Some wait till 
they are 50. If at 40 the plan is made 
known this time by the man himself. He 
makes a feast and invites whom he will. 
This time presents are to be brought. 
The man in whose honor the day is kept 
must provide some kind of a theatrical. 
I imagine they would wish for some of 
the popular five-cent shows of the home 
land. These they have not, so they use 
the native theatrical, which is much like 
the cheapest kind of a theater at home. 
Several men are dressed to represent 
ancient Chinese characters. Then they 
go through all kinds of performance on 
a stage which has been erected some- 
where in the courtyard of the home 
where the birthday is. These things are 
not very expensive, yet with the feast 
that must follow it becomes rather ex- 
pensive for the Chinese, especially the 
middle and lower classes ; so much so that 
often in these days these ceremonies are 
dispensed with and the part is played only 
by the man who has the birthday. He 
takes a bit of incense and burns it before 
the household god or the ancestral tablet, 
at the same time making several cere- 
monial bows before the burning incense, 
and thus the tablet or household god. 
This latter always accompanies the feast 
and other performances, but they are not 
necessary to these latter being observed. 
In fact all classes can and do try to 
afford the latter, but only those of some 
means have the full rounds. 

(Concluded on Page 242.) 



224 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



TEMPERANCE 

MOTTO:— Purpose, Protection, Purity 



Edited by Conference Temperance Committee and Published Quarterly by the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

BULLETIN NO. 2 



EDITORIALS. 

CTemperance Bulletin No. 1 brought to 
the Committee words of appreciation, 
and we are therefore minded to go on 
with our plans for the future. Sometimes 
we grow discouraged because we see so 
few visible results. In a great many 
places the church seems slow in catch- 
ing fire and rallying to the assistance of 
the loyal army of workers who are trying 
to make it easier to do right. The con- 
sciousness of having started a good move- 
ment, awakened thought and inspired 
some action in the right direction is 
gratifying to the Committee, and at the 
same time fires our ambitions to attain 
greater heights. 

C A Double Problem. — There are 
negative and positive laws governing 
every good work, and the temperance 
issue is no exception to the rule. If in 
our action against intemperance we are 
striving only to annihilate the saloon, we 
are performing only half of our duty, and 
altogether likely the easier half. Unless 
we can give men something to take the 
place of the saloon, and its society, as 
well as a new law of inspiration we have 
failed in our mission as a church. Paul 
said to the Ephesians : " Be not drunk 
with wine, wherein is excess; but be 
filled with the Spirit." Let us do all we 



can to destroy alcoholism, but never be 
satisfied until the law of the Spirit of life 
in Christ Jesus takes the place of the law 
of drink and death. 

C Are We Consistent? — Jesus said to 
the unbelieving and. caviling Pharisees 
that " Wisdom is justified of her chil- 
dren." However, I am wondering if we 
can be numbered with the sons of Wis- 
dom, when we vote with a party that is 
willing to license the manufacture and 
sale of alcoholic liquor for the sake of 
revenue ; and thus open the floodgates of 
debauchery and death upon innocent 
women and children. When we vote let 
us be reasonably sure that our votes do 
not kill our prayers. Let us not allow 
our good to be evil spoken of. 

C Destroy the Gods. — Some of the 
members object to the Church of the 
Brethren taking an active part in the 
abolition of the liquor traffic. They argue 
that the duty of the church is to convert 
men and women from sin by the preach- 
ing of the Word, rather than by the use 
of the ballot. 

We do not assert that men can be con- 
verted by the use of the ballot. We do 
claim, however, that before a man can 
be saved he must have his affections 
changed. Therefore it is a wise thing to 
help destroy the idols of men's souls, that 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



225 



they may see the vanity of their service. 
Josiah, the king, brake down the altars 
of Baal, cut down the groves and ground 
to powder the graven images that the 
people might worship the true God. 
Shall we not destroy the altars of Bac- 
chus, and help remove the idols of men's 
hearts, that they may learn to worship 
the God of heaven? 

C A Comparison. — In a barrel of beer 
there is 91 per cent of water, 4 per cent 
of alcohol, 1 per cent of drugs and chem- 
icals and 4 per cent of food. In a barrel 
of flour there is 88 per cent of food and 12 
per cent of water. The former costs $25 
a barrel, the latter $6.50 a barrel. Yes, 
there is food in alcohol, but isn't a man 
foolish to make a slop-bucket of his 
stomach in order to get a little food, and 
at the same time have the little he gets 
poisoned with alcohol- and drugs ? In a 
5 cent loaf of bread the eater will get 
more than 4 cents' worth of food, and in 
a 5 cent glass of beer the drinker will 
get one-fifth of a cent in food. He had 
better go to the bakery and buy a dough- 
nut, then go to the well and get some 
water, and he would have as much food 
with one twenty-fifth of the cost, less the 
poison, less the appetite for strong drink. 

C What We Need.— The Committee 
asked — and was granted by the Confer- 
ence of last year — that each Sunday 
school contribute the offerings on each 
Temperance. Sunday to the temperance 
fund; that each church have a temper- 
ance sermon annually, at which time an 
offering be given for this purpose. The 
Committee felt the need of this or they 
would not have asked for it. Some have 
been asking what we want with the 
money. In answer let me say we antici- 
pated just what is true — that we would 
need a fund to make it possible for one 
member of the Committee to spend at 
least a good part of his time answering 
correspondence and organizing the work. 
Much work that came in and was urgent 



had to be neglected, because we were not 
prepared to take care of the situation. 

Again we are desirous of literature for 
distribution. Spicy tracts and poems 
should be written, having the proper 
ring. We ought to have some good 
chorus songs, and hymns for temperance 
programs. We would like all these to be 
written by our own people. Why not? 
Why be borrowing and using second- 
hand material all the time? We have the 
brains and the spiritual ardor in our 
Fraternity. To be sure our best writers 
and thinkers are busy men and women, 
and it would not be right to ask them to 
do this needful task without some com- 
pensation. 

Again, we would like to do some field 
work in behalf of the temperance move- 
ment, where most needed to awaken a 
deeper interest in the movement, and or- 
ganize for aggressive work. However. 
until we have a better response from the 
different districts we cannot hope to 
do so. 

The Committee, I am sure, have no de- 
sire to waste your hard-earned money. 
If you are willing to trust us, we shall 
faithfully endeavor to expend the same 
to the glory of our God, and the welfare 
of the race. 

DELIVERANCE. 

R. P. D. Bennett. 

Under the Law with its tenfold lash, 

Learning — alas, how true! — 
That the more I tried 
The sooner I died, 
While the Law cried: 

" You, you, you! " 

Hopelessly still did the battle rage; 

" O wretched man! " my cry, 
And deliverance I sought 
By some penance bought, 
While my soul cried: 

"I, I, I!" 

Then came a day when my struggles 
ceased, 

And trembling in every limb 
At the foot of the tree 
Where One died for me 
I sobbed out: 

" Him, Him, Him! " 



226 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



Optional 

J. W. Lear 



Is it right that our . government give 
to the saloon an optional existence? 
There are questions that in the very na- 
ture of the case make them proper for 
the option of the people. If the question 
of having a lighting system, a water 
system or a system of sewerage were the 
consideration, then of course a voice of 
the people would be the proper step to 
take. But pray tell why we should enact 
laws to give the people the privilege to 
say whether saloons should be allowed to 
operate in any city or village? I would 
like to know what benefit a saloon is to a 
community? Since when has the brew- 
ery become such a benefactor to our race 
that we should ask people to vote wheth- 
er they want its benefits? 

Why not give the people option on the 
thief, murderer, gambler, pickpocket, 
thug, assassin or the anarchist? O. you 
say, they would be an awful menace to 
the welfare of our country and a parasite 
on society! Well, we could regulate 
them with a high license and thus receive 
help in defraying the heavy expense of 
city improvement. We could also pass 
ordinaces to govern their work, and thus 
limit them so they would carry on an 
honorable and legitimate ( ?) business. 
But, you say, how can a clean thing come 
out of an unclean enterprise? Such a 
course as that would mean to jeopardize 
life and public happiness ! Well, " birds 
of a feather flock together." And where 
the carcass is there the buzzards gather. 
The licensed saloon, and its father, the 
brewer)'-, are cousins to this long list of 
Satanic executioners, and have long 
enough ago proven themselves to be pub- 
lic nuisances, and corruptionists of gi- 
gantic proportions. 



Well, yes, the good people of this land 
are willing and anxious to get an option 
on this gory-headed, bloodthirsty fiend, if 
this is the best that can be done. But 
why doesn't Uncle Sam treat this pick- 
pocket and murderer as he does the rest 
of the same class by passing prohibitive 
laws, instead of giving them an option 
on life ? Oh, yes, I see, he does his work 
a little slower, and by a quasi-commer- 
cialism that does not seem so appalling 
©n first sight. And then he is very gen- 
erous. He is willing to pay large rev- 
enues into the government tills for the 
privilege of making his bait, and willing 
to help the city pay its expenses if allowed 
the privilege of disposing the stuff. Yes, 
last, but not least, he is willing to pile up 
the campaign fund to assist any political 
party to elect their candidates, if they 
will just nominate the men that will play 
into his hand in the legislative halls. A 
very generous fellow. 

Stephen A. Douglas said that a State 
had a right to say whether slavery should 
be carried on within her borders. To this 
Abraham Lincoln replied that if slavery 
was right, then a State had a right to 
say, but if wrong then no State had a 
right to legalize, by statute, a moral 
wrong. So with the saloon, if it is wrong 
no amount of legislation, or high license, 
or local option, will make it a legitimate 
business. Why not license the grocer to 
sell 14 ounces for the pound? Why not 
license the dry goods merchant to sell 30 
inches for the yard? Because they are 
not true standards. And they never 
could be made true by a license to sell in 
that way. The sale and manufacture of 
alcoholic liquors is wrong, and the only 
way to treat a wrong is to give it no 
quarter. 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



227 






Recitations 



THE SWORD OF GOD. 

Horatius Bonar. 

Sword of God, thy power we hail; 

He who has thee cannot fail, 

He who trusts thee must prevail, 

Mighty sword. 

For the warfare gird it on; 
Not until the fight be won, 
And the hot day's work is done. 

Lay it by. 

Weapon of the true and just, 
Trust it strongly, warrior, trust; 
Keep it free from earthly rust; 
Win it must. 

Strike for God, and let each blow- 
Tell on Satan's overthrow, 
Be the ruin of a foe: 
Strike for God. 

THE MANLY MAN. 

The world has room for the manly man, 

with the spirit of manly cheer; 
The world delights in the man who smiles 

when his eyes keep back the tear; 
It loves the man who, when things go 

wrong, can take his place and stand 
With his face to the fight and his eyes to 

the light, and toil with a willing hand; 
The manly man is the country's need, and 

the moment's need, forsooth, 
With a heart that beats to the pulsing tread 

of the lilied leagues of truth; 
The world is his and it waits for him, and it 

leaps to hear the ring 
Of the blow he strikes and the wheels he 

turns and the hammers he dares to 

swing; 
It likes the forward look in his face, the 

poise of his noble head, 
And the onward lunge of his tireless will 

and the sweep of his dauntless tread! 
Hurrah for the manly man who comes with 

sunlight on his face, 
And the strength to do and the will to dare 

and the courage to find his place! 
The world delights in the manly man, and 

the weak and evil flee, 
When the manly man goes forth to hold 

his own on land or sea! 

— American Israelite. 



BUILD ME NO CRIMSON PAVE- 
MENTS. 

Henry Ostrom. 

Build me no crimson pavements! 

I'd rather tread the path 
Pressed smooth by honest footmen, 

Than suffer 'neath the wrath, 
Full due to those who want from booze 

The less'ning of their tax, 
And hope to make the booze-joint pay 

What manhood spurns and lacks. 

Build me no crimson pavements! 

Nor run the schools with blood. 
I'd rather wear less linen, 

I'd rather walk in mud. 
Don't civilize me ghoulish, 

Don't Judasize my town, 
Don't say you'd make it prosper — 

I know you'd sink it down. 

Build me no crimson pavements! 

Nor boast " the jail is full," 
Nor try to dupe the people 

Because you " have the pull." 
Nor lighten up the crimson 

By mixing women's tears, 
Who cry for sons and husbands 

Slain by your wines and beers. 

Build me no crimson pavements! 

Nor pave with blood the way 
For white or black, or rich or poor, 

Or children in their play. 
I tell you straight my logic, 

(And you may know it well), 
A dollar taken out of booze — 

Ten dollars' worth of hell. 

They used to eat their neighbors 

Back in the days of yore, 
But now they call us Christians! 

Just that and nothing more 
Will build no crimson pavements, 

Nor will it ever choose 
To scatter woes with glitter 

Gotten from joints for booze. 

So let me have my city 

Without the crimson stain, 
Don't tell me that you're " saving '' 

When the price is people slain. 
The booze-joint never did pay, 

The booze-joint never will, 
So build me not my pavements 

On people whom you kill. 

Greencastle, Ind. 



228 



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July 
1910 



THE FAITH THAT FALTERS NOT. 

The faith that keeps on fighting is the one 
That keeps on living — yes, and growing 
great! 
The hope that sees the work yet to be done, 
The patience that can bid the soul to 
wait — ■ 
These three — faith, hope and patience — they 
have made 
The record of the years that swiftly sped, 
Have kept the leaders leading, unafraid 
Of what the doubters murmured lurked 
ahead. 

The faith that goes on fighting — through 
the night 
It notes the gleam of each far distant 
star; 
It sees the glimmer of the dawning light 
Deep in the dark that shrouds the things 
that are. 
It has done much, this faith serene and 
strong, 
Unmindful of the ashes of defeat, 
But, trusting in the right against the wrong, 
Has been as trumpet call or drum's loud 
beat. 



Men have their principles, but when they 
lose 
Yet they turn to others, and with scarce 
a pause, 
Yet all these years there have been none 
to choose 
Another guerdon than this mighty cause. 
In history's pages many things appear — 
The great, the splendid actions and the 
mean — 
But this has been recorded year on year 
Upon a page imperishably clean. 

To place contentment in a natiQn's homes, 
To drive out fear for cheer in children's 
hearts, 
Is more than to uprear a thousand domes 
Or dominate the world and all its marts. 
So who may know how well the race is 
run 
Until we crown the victor soon or late? 
The faith that keeps on fighting is the one 
That keeps on living — yes, and growing 
great! 

—Wilbur D. Nesbit. 

SAVE THE BOYS. 

Save, the boys! the cry is wafted 

From the eastern shore of Maine, 
Over mountain top and valley, 

Over forest, glade and plain. 
Hark! the cry swells to a tumult, 

As it rolls o'er Southern lea, 
Sweeping northward, rising, falling, 

Like the billows of the sea. 

Save the boys; oh, save them quickly! 
Ere their eyes are dim and bleared, 



Ere their intellects are blighted, 
Ere their consciences are seared. 

What care we for license money? 
What care we for greed or gold? 

When our boys are being ruined, 
Into cruel bondage sold. 

Save the boys! for see the sad wrecks 

Of young manhood, once so bright, 
Fathers, brothers, you may save them, 

Save them with the ballot white. 
Oh, the power of the ballot. 

"Lis a weapon sure and strong; 
Wield it then, with faith undaunted, 

In this fight 'twixt right and wrong. 

Save the boys! the call is urgent; 

We need volunteers today. 
Hearts are breaking, young lives wasting 

While you dally and delay. 
We need men, men strong and valiant, 

The right ever to defend. 
This is not a skirmish, brothers, 

'Tis a warfare to the end. 

Save the boys! the conflict rages. 

Who is on Jehovah's side? 
'Tis the Christian church in action 

'Gainst a wrong far-spread and wide; 
'Tis God's mighty hosts advancing 

'Gainst the powers of sin and shame. 
Brother, have you each enlisted? 

On which roster is your name? 

Save the boys! 'tis worth the struggle, 

They were once some mother's pride, 
And within each shattered temple 

Dwells a soul for which Christ died. 
Do you falter, do you waver? 

See, they're falling every hour. 
Brothers, rally to the rescue, 

Save them from the demon's power. 

Save the boys! ring out the war-cry! 

Let it echo far and wide. 
We are fighting for Jehovah, 

Native land and fireside. 
Onward then, nor fear nor falter, 

On through victory and defeat. 
Some glad day the right shall triumph 

In a vict'ry, full, complete. 

■ — F. E. Elewfield. 

JOHN TOMPKINS' TAXES. 

J. O. Barnhart. 

" I met the tax collector, wife," John Tomp- 
kins said one day, 

" And asked him how much taxes that we 
would have to pay. 

His answer liked to knock me down. It 
took my breath away. 

' Twelve dollars is your tax this year,' that's 
what I heard him say. 

Twelve dollars, wife, just think of it! Last 
year 'twas only five. 

What is this town a-coming to!. As sure as 
I'm ajive, 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



229 



If things keep on increasing this way an- 
other year, 

We'll soon be in the poorhouse. Why, 
Sarah Jane, look here! 

We've but one little house and lot, one child 
to send to school, 

If things keep on a running by this ex- 
pensive rule, 

And don't turn round the other way and 
get some better soon, 

I'm going to change my principles and vote 
for the saloon. 

Last year two men said they would pay two 
thousand dollars down, 

For the privilege of running saloons in our 
town. 

Four thousand, wife, just think of such a 
splendid fee, 

Four thousand dollars poured right in our 
village treasury! 

Why, our taxes would be nothing and we'd 
have electric lights, 

And have new concrete sidewalks, too, 
clear out to Oakland Heights." 

Then Sarah looked at him and said, " John 

Tompkins, you're a fool! 
Only one little house and lot; one child to 

send to school. 
Are these things all the blessings which you 

enjoy with me, 
In civilized America, this land of liberty? 
Of no advantage to us is this government 

of ours, 
Over fourscore and five millions that wields 

its sovereign powers? 
What makes this property your own? What 

is the guarantee 
That you tomorrow, as today, may hold it 

still in fee? 
What bids you life and liberty and happi- 
ness pursue? 
Why this great government of ours that 

seems so small to you. 
What guarantee unto our child the best the 

land affords 
Of the learning of the ages? Our nation's 

sacred word, 
And more than all what gives you leave 

for blessings such as these, 
To bow in thankfulness to God and serve 

Him as you please? 
Are these not worth the paltry sum that 

you each yearnmust pay? 
Why, what's the matter with you, John 

you're not yourself today? 
What is it that has dulled your sense, all 

usually so clear, 
And made you talk about saloons? Have 

you forgot last year, 
How glad you were to pay your tax to 

help keep up a town, 
Where the saloons and gambling dens are 

always voted down? 
And why our taxes are increased, you know 

John very well! 
We're going to have a new schoolhouse in- 
stead of the old shell, 



That stood up for so many years an eye- 
sore to the town, 

And seemed at every gust of wind about to 
tumble down. 

And there is the new water plant that seems 
to cost so dear, 

And yet it saved some splendid homes from 
burning down last year; 

One was not very far from here and if it 
had been nigher, 

No insurance could have kept our own from 
taking fire, 

And many other blessings, too, we freely 
share as well, 

Six mails a day, close merchants and such 
pleasant neighbors dwell 

Beside you, and you go to work well know- 
ing every day 

That your dear wife and child at home are 
safe when you're away. 

But if we had saloons, why, John, the 
thought e'en drives me wild, 

To bring those dread temptations, my hus- 
band and my child, 

Just for two thousands dollars each to give 
some men the right 

To poison people, just because we want 
electric light, 

And just because some people think 'twill 
save a paltry tax! 

Why, John, my dear, where are your wits? 
Just look now at some facts. 

You say these men are willing, each to pay 
this money down, 

For the privilege of running saloons in our 
town, 

And setting up among us these traps to 
catch our boys, 

And rob our peaceful households of all our 
dearest joys? 

Why do they do it, husband, dear? Why, 
it is very plain, 

Because they know that they will get their 
money back again, 

And more besides, because you know a liv- 
ing they must make, 

And so for their four thousand they each 
from us will take 

Three or four thousand each, and who will 
foot the bill? 

The poor men who oft spend their all for 
the poison of the still. 

And so you see how the saloons our busi- 
ness would aid, 

Five thousand dollars spent in drink of 
course would help the trade 

Of the saloons, and don't 3 r ou see how very 
wise men are, 

When they give a man the privilege of set- 
ting up a bar? 

And that's not all, for when they fail to 
make the taxes small, 

The very thing you're pleading for you will 
not get at all. 

For over here at Bumtown where they had 
six large saloons, 

And men's hearts at thought of taxes were 
light as toy balloons, 



230 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



Their taxes were much higher than ours 

are today, 
Although a thousand dollars each of licenses 

they pay. 
For theirs were more than eight per cent 

and ours were only five, 
And our town is larger, and, John, would 

you revive 
The curse of twenty years ago when there 

were four death traps, 
Within our corporation? No, we will not! 

perhaps 
We may have a hard struggle but when the 

district's clear, 
Of our new school's expenses, which seems 

to cost so dear, 
And we look at other cities with their 

dramshops and their debts, 
Which license fees will never pay we will 

have no regrets: 
Nor wish for the influences that they will 

with them bring, 
The billiard and the pool rooms and other 

nameless things. 
If our small house and lot were in the 

middle of the sea, 
Or broad Sahara's desert sands what would 

its value be? 
We might be free from taxes but then 

we'd better fare 
Than some poor families, for no saloons are 

there. 
The fathers of these families talked just 

like you talk to me, 
But did they think their taxes would really 

lighter be? 
There is another reason that had with 

them I fear, 
The greatest weight, 'twas 'cause they liked 

their whiskey and their beer. 
But we will never listen to such a siren 

song, 
For we've enjoyed the blessings of temper- 
ance too long. 
We have such pleasant neighbors, we see 

no drunken sots, 
A clinging to the lamp-posts on the cor- 
ners of our lots; 
We have four prosperous churches, our 

schools are of the best, 
And our boy graduates next year, his teach- 
ers all attest 
That he will take high honors and that is 

worth to me, 
Mere than a thousand license fees and the 

conditions be 
With us as they were years ago, — with but 

five months of school, 
Boys spending their vacations in playing 

cards or pool, 
Or pouring down soft drinks or else per- 
haps the sparkling bowl, 
The devil's greatest agent in damning peo- 
ple's souls, 
Or losing at the fortune wheel their money 

and father's too. 
While smoking deadly cigarettes, — they'd 

nothing else to do. 



Now we need no policemen to walk their 
weary beat, 

To keep for sober people a safe and open 
street; 

No trials in police courts because of drunk- 
en brawls, 

Expenses growing larger instead of grow- 
ing small. 

And so for all these blessings which we 
enjoy today, 

It seems to me twelve dollars is a little 
price to pay. 

So we will pay our taxes and thank God 
for the right, 

Our town be filled with righteousness our 
homes with joy and light, 

And we will have prosperity and know its 
car shall roll 

Still onward without crushing ten thou- 
sand human souls." 
Kemp, 111. 

BE FAIR, O LORD, BE FAIR. 

Since 1862 the United States gov- 
ernment has, in some respects, been 
helping the beverage traffic against the 
people. Its refusal in many cases to re- 
veal the holders of internal revenue re- 
ceipts for liquor selling in prohibition 
communities has helped shield crimi- 
nals. And its promotion of clandestine 
liquor selling in prohibition territory 
through the protection of the interstate 
commerce law is the last great instance 
of unfairness. 

Uncle Sam you have heard how a man met 
a bear, 

And seeing no chance for flight 
He fervently uttered this simple prayer 

While getting in shape to fight: 
" O Lord, help me if Thou will," said he, 

"Or at least, O Lord, be fair; 
And anyhow, Lord, if Thou don't help me, 

Good Lord, don't help the bear. 

Be fair, O Lord, be fair, 

And give me a deal that is square; 

Though I pray for Thine aid, 

I will not be afraid 

If I know that Thou wilt not help the 
bear." 

The bear, Uncle Sam, represents the saloon, 

Which lives but to slay and devour, 
And unless it is vanquished and vanquished 
right soon, 
It will have this fair land in its power. 
You know, Uncle Sam, we've been fighting 
for years 
To drive this dread beast from his lair, 
But in spite of our protests, our prayers 
and our tears, 
You know you've been helping the bear. 
Be fair, Uncle Sam, be fair, 



July 

1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



231 



And give us a deal that is square; 

We've a right to your aid, 

But we won't be afraid, 

If you'll only stop helping the bear. 

You're a splendid old fellow, 
Uncle Sam, but oh! 
How the blood of the rum victim boils 
At the sight of his old uncle stooping so 
low 
As to share in the rumseller's spoils. 
We know how it happened — you needed 
the gold; 
'Twas done 'mid the war trumpet's blare. 
But now you can see what it was that you 
sold, 
And it's time to quit helping the bear 
B'eware, Uncle Sam, beware! 
There's a muttering storm in the air. 
From millions of homes 
To capitol domes 

Goes the warning, " Stop helping the 
bear! " 

— Russell Trapp. 

OFFICIAL ANARCHY AMERICA'S 
GREATEST DANGER. 

In his notable address at the Audi- 
torium, in Chicago, Sept. 25, Seaborn 
Wright of Georgia thus epitomized 
the most startling phase of the liquor 
issue as it affects every home and every 
community in the nation : 

" The supreme danger confronting 
the American people today is official 
anarchy. Say what you will, disguise 
it as you will, the officer who refuses 
to enforce law is an anarchist ten thou- 
sand times more dangerous than the 
red shirted, bomb throwing savages 
from the slums of our cities. 

"The liquor interests stand for open 
nullification of law when it affects 
their interest as a class. When they 
are strong enough, as in Chicago, they 
elect officials, whose duty it is to en- 
force all law, pledged to nullification of 
this law. There is but one name for 
this, anarchy. 

" The liquor interests neither pay tax 
nor obey regulation. The consumer 
pays the tax. To a certain limit it 
makes no difference to the manufac- 



turer or seller how high the tax may be, 
they do not pay it ; it is simply added 
to the price of liquor. Not one dollar 
ultimately is paid by manufacturer and 
saloonist. 

" Since 1860, when the policy of tax- 
ation and regulation of the liquor traf- 
fic began, the increase of crime, espe- 
cially in the great cities, where the sys- 
tem flourishes, has been unparalleled in 
any civilized government. 

" The crime of our government in 
dealing with the liquor problem is two- 
fold; it drives the liquor dealer, who 
first pays all tax, into crime and law- 
lessness to meet the demands of our 
government for money ; it drives into 
abject poverty the vast masses of la- 
boring men who drink, ultimately pay- 
ing every dollar of the tax." 

MARS! MARS! ! 

The man that makes his money out of 
booze 

Always reads the latest Local Option news, 

Then he gazes at the sky 

While the Earth is going dry, 

For he's surely got a dandy case of blues. 

In the evening he will search among the 
stars 

Till he sees the old familiar face of Mars, 

Then he lifts his megaphone 

And he sings in monotone, 

And he's saddest when he sings the " clos- 
ing bars " — 
" Mars, Mars, 
Fairest of stars, 
Won't you come and get me? 
Won't your people let me 
Start a few bars 
Up there, Mars? 
On account of the adoption 
Of this awful Local Option 
There is nothing doing here, 
From whisky down to beer, 
For they're closing all the bars, 
Oh, Mars, Mars, Mars!" 



232 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 




CHILDREN OF PORTUGUESE EAST 
AFRICA. 

Nellie A. Reed. 

OULD you find 
Africa's teeming mil- 
lions? Here they are 
in this fever-stricken 
district. Their huts 
are crowded together 
and children throng 
the nicely laid-o u t 
^X^^^J^^ paths. Would you 
~ r=s ^l care to hear of 
children ? Here 
have bananas of two kinds, — the 
fruit and the children, for their word for 
children is " banana." Some one has 
written a nice little poem about them 
which is worth passing on. 
" Bananas ripe, bananas rare, 
Beautifully grow in this African air. 
But bananas here and bananas at home 
Differ in quality, color and tone. 

" Bananas at home they like to eat; 
Bananas here run round on two feet. 
Bananas at home, they cannot walk; 
Here they laugh, play and talk. 




the 

we 

real 



" Bananas at home, they soon pass away; 
Here they last forever and a day, 
For bananas here are the children 

bright, 
Who are waiting the blessed gospel 
light. 

" These bananas, with heads, arms and 
legs, 
With their whole being, earnestly begs 
The good people who live in the far- 
away land 
To quickly aid with a kind, loving 
hand." 

We have in our twenty-six different 
schools nearly three hundred of these 
bananas, about two hundred of whom are 
being provided with spiritual nourish- 
ment as well as temporal, through the 
help of special friends at home who 
promise their support. We wish you 
could see them for yourselves, both in 
the wild and cultivated state. If you 
could, we are sure that you would be 
more interested in them than ever and 
that your purpose and endeavor would 
be greatly strengthened to aid by every 
means in your power to redeem them 
from one and establish them in the other. 



> 








~ 



A Kraal Near Inliam'bane. 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



233 



In this Inhambane district there are 
thousands and thousands of children sur- 
rounded on every side with sin and dark- 
ness and with nothing good about them. 
Usually their home consists of a single 
hut in which the entire family lives. 
They sleep on the floor on a grass mat, 
and often the furniture consists of noth- 
ing but the cooking and beer pots and a 
wooden pillow or something of that sort. 
Because of the poor care, many of them 
die in infancy. The mothers know little 
about feeding them properly or doctoring 



games. It is surprising how similar 
many games are to those of the American 
children. The saddest thing is that, from 
their infancy, they are taught the sins of 
their parents ; hence it is not to be won- 
dered at that such awful chains bind 
them as they grow up. It means much 
for them to become enlightened and turn 
about living clean lives. When little 
things get drunk and find it hard to leave 
their snuff you can see how necessary it 
is that they be trained from their youth. 
You cannot comprehend how deep they 




Missionary Making- a Visit. Drums la the Bear for Saucing'. 



them when sick. They get their drinking 
water from rather stagnant places, but 
appreciate it fresh. When a big rain 
comes they take their pots and go to the 
missionaries to catch the overflow from 
their tanks. 

One night at midnight, when the rain 
was pouring down in torrents, the mis- 
sionaries were awakened by the violent 
cough of a child. The mother had come 
for water and brought her baby tied on 
her back. Such carelessness with refer- 
ence to the health and comfort of their 
children is so common that the hearts of 
the missionaries ache for the poor little 
creatures. As soon as they are large 
enough they are employed in the gardens 
or in carrying the babies about on their 
backs. They have some happy times at 
their play and have some interesting 



go into sin, so to place them in Christian 
schools under the care of those living for 
Jesus means as great a change as you can 
imagine. The evangelists there are big- 
hearted enough to take about twenty 
children into their homes and have school 
with them daily. Oh, the blackness of 
their darkness ! And the worst of it is, 
they love to have it so. But there are 
interesting cases of those who have 
turned and welcome the light and are 
now shining for Jesus among their heath- 
en friends, or have gone to be with Him. 
How glad the missionaries are to take 
them into their evangelists' schools and 
train them in the ways of righteousness. 
Some get tired of being good, just as 
some in the homeland do, and run away. 
Some are taken away by force by their 

(Concluded on Page 242.) 



234 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



EDITORIAL COMMENT 




f[ The Annual Conference of 1910 has 
passed into history as being one of the 
most harmonious, uplifting and spiritual 
that our church has ever known. Good 
feeling was everywhere manifest. All 
seemed gathered together for the one 
great cause, — the advance of the king- 
dom in the hearts of men. From every 
angle the entire Brotherhood cannot but 
thank God and take courage. 

The address of Brother Beahm in the 
Missionary meeting was a masterpiece, 
and the powerful appeal of Brother Cul- 
ler sent conviction to many hearts, and 
pocketbooks as is evident from the large 
" loose in the hat " offering. But besides 
the large Conference offering and the 
excellent missionary spirit pervading the 
entire week, an offering that cannot but 
please God more was the willing gift by 



four young men of their lives upon the 
altar of sacrifice, to go wheresoever they 
might be called. 

C Much can ofttimes be accomplished 
in the way of mission work in our Sun- 
day Schools, by the distribution of Bibles 
to those children who cannot afford to 
buy them. A pretty little Bible and suit- 
able too for Sunday-school work is one 
recently issued by A. J. Holman and 
Company. This Bible is called the " Self- 
prpnouncing Sunday School Scholars' 
Bible," and contains helps for Study 
especially designed for instructing chil- 
dren. A special feature of the Bible and 
one of interest to our readers is a chap- 
ter by Elder Galen B. Royer on " Pal- 
estine, in the Time of Christ." Particu- 
lars of this book may be secured by writ- 
ing to the Brethren Publishing House. 




A Front View of the Tabernacle at Winona Lake, 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



235 




The Tabernacle Was Always Crowded and Overflowing 1 . 



The price of this Bible No. 8115 without 
pictures is $1.10. No. 9115, with pic- 
tures, $1.15. — B — 

C Elder Galen B. Royer, Secretary- 
Treasurer of the General Mission Board 
and Editor of the Missionary Visitor, 
with his wife, on June 20 commenced 
their long journey to visit the churches 
of Sweden, Denmark and France. The 
united prayers of the whole Church are 
with them as they cross the briny deep 
and assist in every possible measure to 
bring the kingdom of Christ into the 
hearts of those into whose homes they 
are received. 

Theirs is a mission of love. Going out 
from a church that is rapidly paving the 
way for great things in missions, their 
labors are of supreme importance. Break- 
ing family ties for a season, braving the 
dangers of an ocean voyage, living amid 
strange tongues, means much more than 
most of us can realize. But such experi- 
ences only portray more clearly their 
spirit of true sacrifice and loyal devotion 
to the cause of the Church they so much 
love, and to the Christ they so delight to 
serve. 

And this is the call that has impelled 



him and his good wife to undertake the 
journey to our European brethren. 
While the sojourn in Europe may seem 
quite long, yet to our brethren on those 
shores the time will be all too short. 

After spending some days at different 
points in England, studying slum mis- 
sion work they will continue on to Swe- 
den and Denmark, where much of their 
time will be spent. Then leaving the 
Scandinavian brethren they will continue 
southward through Germany and France 
to the city where Brother and Sister Pel- 
let are laboring for the cause of the Mas- 
ter. 

Other trips there may be but these are 
the principal points to which their hearts 
are drawn. And brother, sister, to- 
gether let us pray that through their 
efforts the churches of Europe may be 
strengthened in the blessed faith once de- 
livered unto the saints. As you are about 
your tasks amid pleasant surroundings, 
with your children, secure in your homes, 
breathe a prayer to God for their safety 
and safe return. 

Under the general head of " The Light 
Shineth," Brother Royer promises us 
a series of articles on various phases 
of mission work, while abroad, and we 



236 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



feel sure these will be eagerly awaited 
by the Visitor readers. 

Anyone wishing to write Bro. and Sis- 
ter Rover will reach them safely, for a 
considerable time, by addressing in care 
of Poste Restante, Malmo, Sweden. 

— B— 
ft Ideal weather, most congenial sur- 
roundings and accommodations, a deeply 
spiritual atmosphere pervading every 
heart, and one of the largest crowds that 
ever attended a Conference was the com- 
bination enjoyed by the recent AVinona 
Conference. Is it any wonder, then, that 
the total mission offering should make a 
bound of near $4,000 beyond any pre- 
vious record? Then the addresses were 
stirring, both in the tabernacle as well as 
the volunteer ones out on the ground, 
and the " loose in the hat " increased 
from $1,798.97 last year to $2,729.06 this 
year. Praise God for the increase. 
C Granting permission that the General 
Board may develop industrial missions 
means much to India mission work and 
India native brethren. There will soon 
be opportunity of lending a helping hand 
in this avenue. Wherever Brother Em- 
mert has spoken on this subject he has 
always found an unusual amount of inter- 
est. 

ft Winona never lacked for places of 
worship. Volunteer missionary meet- 
ings, prayer meetings, overflow spiritual 
uplifts could be found most anywhere 
and at any time on the grounds. It was 
a week of good things, a feast to the soul. 
Every one rejoiced in the God of his 
salvation. 

ft For some years there has been peti- 
tion after petition to the General Board 
in behalf of worthy young people who 
wished to give their lives in service and 
sacrifice for the church in missions but 
were not able to prepare for such service. 
The appeals always touched a very re- 
sponsive cord in the hearts of the mem- 
bers of the Board, but nothing could be 
done, for the Board never had a dollar 



to spend that way. At last Conference 
was petitioned to provide a way and the 
following was passed at the Winona Con- 
ference : 

First. That the General Mission Board 
shall pass upon all applicants as to general 
fitness and issue a certificate of approval 
conditioned on final acceptance when ready 
to enter service. 

Second. That the congregations tributary 
to the several schools and colleges tare 
urged to contribute funds for current needs 
and for endowment for the purposes here- 
in set forth, and 

That the District Meeting or Meetings 
in the territory tributar\ T to the several 
schools and colleges shall provide some 
plan to aid the school or college in their 
territory to create and properly care for 
such a fund, and 

That the schools and colleges are hereby 
authorized to solicit their respective terri- 
tories in harmony with the plan adopted 
by their respective District Meetings, and 
to determine on what conditions and to 
what extent each approved applicant is to 
receive aid. 

You should have seen the vote on that 
plan and no one would ever doubt but 
that the Conference was missionary 
heart, head and all. No school need to 
feel timid in soliciting for it would be 
difficult to know how to endorse such 
work more strongly. Churches and mem- 
bers who can lend a helping hand to this 
most fruitful avenue of doing missionary 
work should not wait to be asked, but 
take up a collection and send it to their 
school at once so the good work can be 
begun. Who will be the first one in this 
move? Which school will be favored 
first with the means and then the appli- 
cant who will prepare for the field ? 
ft The following comes from India : 

Friday morning, April 22, Bro. John 
M. Pittinger was ordained to the elder- 
ship by Brethren W. B. Stover and I. S. 
Long. Brother Pittinger and wife are 
doing a work of faith and patience 
among a very needy people, and the fu- 
ture only can tell what wisdom was ex- 
ercised in the years that will then have 
passed. Plodding is an acceptable word 
with all true missionaries, not sponta- 
neous combustion ! 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



237 



Financial Report 



FORM OF LEGACY.— WILLING MONEY. 

I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 

decease. 

FORM OF DEVISE OF REAL ESTATE. 

I also give, beqeueath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 

ANNUITIES. 

If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT FOR MAY, 1910. 



May 
1909 

World-Wide, $474 76 

India 253 24 

Miscellaneous 21 58 



Inc. 



Dec. 



Mav Apr. -May Apr.-May 
1910 1909 1910 

$916 91 $1,179 98 $1,830 77 $650 79 

297 03 ' 956 61 880 24 4 50 $90 87 
19 61 113 55 34 41 4 50 83 64 



$749 58 $1,233 55 $2,250 14 $2,745 42 $495 28 



465 40 

16 41 
50 



00 



During the month of May the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 122,951 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges 
the receipt of the following donations for the 
month of May, 1910: 

WORLD-WIDE. 
Pennsylvania — 486.31. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Bequest of David Rosenberger (De- 
ceased), $464.40; Amos N. Miller, $1, $ 
Southern District, Sunday School. 

Mechanicsburg — • Lower Cumber- 
land 

Individual. 

Wm. C. Koontz (marriage notice), 
Western District, Individuals. 

Mary E. Shickel, $1; Rachel Christ- 
ner, $1; B. B. Ludwick (marriage no- 
tices), $1; Galen K. Walker (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; J. G. Cover, 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 

Kansas — $147.93. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ramona, 

Christian Workers. 

Morrill, 

Individuals. 

H. C. Martin and wife, Ramona con- 
gregation, $2; Mrs. John Shoemaker, 

$1, 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

E. E. Joyce (marriage notice), .... 
Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Belleville 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Drusilla P. Rankin, $1; Rebec- 
ca J. Rankin, $1, 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Newton 

Individuals. 

"A Sister," $5; E. Gilbert and wife, 

$2 

Illinois — $80.57. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Cherry Grove 



11 


13 


15 


80 


3 


00 




50 


6 


50 


2 


00 


2 


00 


7 


00 


8 


64 



Christian Workers. 

Lanark, $ 5 33 

Individuals. 

Chas. E. Delp, $25; Mrs. A. C. 
Wieand, $10; Henry F. Faringer, $10; 
Lydia A. Faringer, $5; A Sister, $5; 
Ezra Flory (marriage notice), 50 cts. ; 

Lydia Horning, 50 cents, 56 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

West Otter Creek, $3.60; Oakley, 

$2, 5 60 

Sunday Schools. 

Woodland and Astoria 4 00 

Individual. 

J. J. Swartz, 100 

California — $68.35 . 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Raisin City, 14 10 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pasadena, . . . 52 00 

Individuals. 

J. S. Kuns, $1.75: Geo. H. Bashor 

(marriage notice), 50 cent? 2 25 

Indiana— $27.90. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Susan Yoder, 1 SO 

Middle District, Individual. 

Chas. F. Sink 10 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Upper Fall Creek, 7 10 

Sunday School. 

White Branch 9 00 

Iowa — $21.50. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River, 6 00 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Geo. Replogle, $10; Geo. M. 
Ronk, $2.50: L. E. Buzzard and wife, 
$2; L. M. Kob (marriage notice, 50 
cents; E. S. Fouts (marriage notice), - 

50 cents 15 50 

Idano— $20.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Nez Perce 20 00 

Mar yland— $1 1.50. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 



238 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 

1910 



W. B. Roop (marriage notice), 50 
cents; A. Chambers (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents, $ 1 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

" A Brother," 10 00 

Western District, Individual. 

J. M. Prigel, 50 

Oklahoma— $11.50. 
Individuals. 

C. C. Clark, $8; Mrs. M. B. Trout, 

$3.50 11 50 

Ohio — $11.25. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Michael Domer, $5; "A Brother, 

New Bedford," $2 ■ 7 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek, 2 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Katie Beath, $1; Levi Rinehart, 75 

cents, 1 75 

Missouri — $10.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. E. Reddick, 10 00 

"Western. Colorado and Utah— $5.10. 
Congregation. 

First Grand Valley, 5 10 

Tennessee— S5. 00. 
Congregation. 

Knob Creek 5 00 

Michigan — $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

New Haven 5 00 

Minnesota — $3.00. 
Individuals. 

C. S. Hilarv, $1; Mrs. Lizzie Hilarv, 
$1; Mrs. C. S. Green, 50 cents; D. H. 
Keller (marriage notice), 50 cents, . . 3 00 

■Wisconsin — $1.00. 
Individuals. 

Mr. and Mr<*. J. E. Zollers, 1 00 

Nebraska — $0.50. 
Individual. 

Edgar Rothrock (marriage notice). 50 

Washington — $0.50. 
Individual. 

C. E. Holmes (marriage notice), 50 

Total for the month $ 916 91 

Previously reported, 913 86 

Total for the year so far, $ 1,830 77 

INDIA ORPHANAGE. 
Pennsylvania— -$85.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Lancaster Citv $ 20 00 

Lancaster City Miss, and Benevolent 

Society 20 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mabel E. Dooley, 20 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Huntsdale Class in the Corner 5 00 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Walnut Grove — Johnstown, 20 00 

Ohio — $42.00. 
Northeastern District. 

Mahoning Ladies' Mission Society 20 00 

Individual. 

A Brother, New Bedford 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

S. D. Rover and wife, 20 00 

Virginia — $30.92. 

First District. Sunday School. 

Prim, and Juv. Classes, Troutville, 20 00 

Mission Club. Callaway, Va., 10 92 

Nebraska — $20.00. 
Individual. 

Mrs. Lvdia Netzlev, 20 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. 
Sunday School. 

Zion 20 00 

Illinois — $20.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

"A Sister." 20 00 

Indiana— $20.00. 

Northern District, Sundav School. 

First South Bend 5 00 

Individual. 

"K. K," 5 00 

Middle District. Sunday School. 

A. C. Snowberger's S. S. Class 



Huntington $ 10 00 

Kansas — $15.00. 

Southwestern District, Aid Society. 

McPherson Sisters' 15 00 

South Dakota — $10.00. 
Sunday School. 

Old Peoples' Class, Willow Creek, 10 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 
Southern District, Sunday School. 

South Keokuk 5 00 

Total for the month $ 267 92 

Previously received, 476 16 

Total for year so far $ 744 08 

INDIA MISSION. 

Kansas — $20.11. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Monitor, $ 20_11 

North Dakota — $5.00. 
Individual. 

" A Sister," 5 00 

Total for the month $ 25 11 

Previously reported 106 56 

Total for the year so far, $ 131 66 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 
North Dakota — $2.00. 

Individual. 

" A Sister," $ 2 00 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

"Z. L. M." 1 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Rebecca Geyer, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Previously reported 50 

Total for year so far, $ 4 50 

CHINA. 

Illinois — $5 .61 . 

Northern District, Christian Worker*. 

Bethany $ 5 61 

North Dakota — $5.00. 
Individual. 

"A. Sister," 5 00 

Colorado — $3.00. 

Western District. Congregation. 

Fir<st Grand Valley 3 00 

Kansas — $3.00. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Belleville 3 00 

Total for the month $ 16 61 

Previously reported, 12 30 

Total for the year so far $ 28 91 

CUBA MISSION. 
Michigan — $1.00. 

Individual. 

Martha Bratt $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Total for year so far $ 1 00 

SOUTH AMERICA MISSION. 

Ohio — $2.00. 

Southern District. Individual. 

Elizabeth Hoke $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Total for year so far, $ 2 00 

ANNUAL MEETING OFFERING. 

WORLD-WIDE FUND. 

Pennsylvania — $2,822.72. 

Eastern District. Congregations. 

Coventry Brethren. $40; Reading, 
$23.08; Royersford, $16.19; Ephrata, 



July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



239 



$35; Chiques, $3; Upper Dublin, $30; 
Chiques and Friends, $57.09; Harris- 
burg-, $26; Fairview, $2.75; Mount- 
ville and Friends, $47.87; Upper Co- 
dorus, $37.44; Upper Canowago, $61.35 
Falling Spring, $30; Elizabethtown, 
$30.60; Spring Grove, $4; West Cones- 
toga, $5.25; Brooklyn, $25; West 
Green Tree, $30; Parkersford, $20; 
Spring Creek, $93; First Philadelphia, 
$300; Geiger Memorial, $150; Lan- 
caster City, $57.38; Tulpehocken, $27; 
Mingo, $7; Meyersdale, $20.84; 
Springfield, $27.04; White Oak, $72.75; 
Fairview, $7; Denton, $16.35; Big 
Swatara, $28.50; Germantown, $44; 

Nokesville, $36.12 $ 1, 

Sunday Schools. 

Ephrata, $7; Mingo, $5 

Individuals. 

Two Sisters, Springville, $15; 
Rachael .Fox, $1; Daniel Clapper, $1; 
Nora Sieber, $5; Rachel P. Ziegler, 
$1.50; Mary W. Light, 50 cents; Re- 
ceipt No. 12508, $3; Sarah Cassel, $5; 
Elizabeth Booz, $1; J. E. Hartman and 
wife, $2; C. F. Fifer, wife and daugh- 
ter, $3; Mrs. Mary Ressler, $1; A. J. 
Evans, $1.10; Fannie E. Zug, $1; Katie 

M. Hoffer, $5 

Western District, Congregations. 

Brother's Vallev, $65.43; Ligonier, 
$6.58; Summit Mills, $22.16; Georges 
Creek, $10; Johnstown, $47.56; Pitts- 
burg, $11.31; Jacob's Creek, $4.67; 
Roaring Spring, $10; Plum Creek, 
$16.65; Dunnings Creek, $5.66; Elk 
Lick, - $24.05; Manor, $45; Georges 
Creek, $20; West Johnstown, $55; 

Shade Creek, $61.77, 

Aid Societies, etc. 

Pittsburg Aid Society, $5; Pitts- 
burg Junior Endeavor, $6.35; Meyers- 
dale Sisters' Mission Circle, $5, .... 
Individuals. 

John W. Sprecher, $100; W. H. Fry, 

$20, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Leamersville, $3; Fairview, $15.18; 
Yellow Creek, $18.53; Clover Creek, 
$60.07; Altoona, $25; Woodbury, $37; - 
Leamersville, $5.87; Lewistown, 
$21.31; Spring Run, $23.50; Everett, 
$56.50;. Snake Spring, $45.20; New 

Enterprise, $35, 

Missionary Society. 

Clover Creek, 

Individuals. 

L. R. Over, $1; Joseph and Rachel 
Kinsel, $2; D. H. Glasser and wife, 
$2.50; Mrs. L. B. McFarlin, $5; Mrs. 

Jas. H. Hoover, $1, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lower Cumberland, $53; Gettys- 
burg. $11.56; York City, $45.86; Lost 
Creek, $20; Three Spring — Perry 
$10.25; Back Creek, $37.83; Antietam, 

$100 

Individuals. 

J. J. Oiler, $100; Geo. Brindle, 
$3.25; Unknown, $25; Jacob L. Myers, 

$36.42, 

Ohio— $1,518.32. 
Northeastern, Congregations. 

Bethel Mahoning, $11; Chippewa, 
$20.25; Owl Creek, $29.20; Wooster, 
$38.48: Maple Grove, $48.25; East 
Nimishillen, $43.12; Baker, $36; West 
Nimishillen, $15; Akron, $18.25; 
Springfield, $28.40; Black River, 

$42.50; Canton City, $15, 

Sisters' Aid Society. 

Black River, 

Individuals. 

Mrs. Clara O. Hallo way, $1; C. C. 
[oomaw, $1; Amanda -Winter, $1; 
Susie Goodenberger, $1; C. E. Burns, 

>7, 

southern District, Congregations. 
Poplar Grove, $20; Covington, 



411 60 
12 00 



46.10 



405 84 

16 35 
120 00 



346 16 
10 00 



11 50 



278 50 



164 67 



345 45 
20 00 



11 00 



$10.30; Wolf Creek, $18.30; Union 
City, $11.50; West Dayton. $25.25; 
Newton, $41.02; Sidney, $15; Salem, 
$49.50; Oakland, $24.35; Bear Creek, 
$37; Ludlow, $62; West Milton, $28.07; 
Lower Miami, $6.55; Rush Creek, 
$15.55; Middle District, $19.30; Don- 
nels Creek, $78; Lower Twin, $53.11; 
East Dayton, $7.63; Hickory Grove, 
$47; Beaver Creek, $12.07; Trotwood, 
$105; Price's Creek, $39.22; Green- 
ville, $12.84; Upper Stillwater, $18.25; 

Lower Stillwater, $32.09, $ 788 90 

Sunday Schools, etc. 

Sidney, $15; Greenville, $15; Rush 
Creek, $3; Rush Creek Sisters' Aid 

Society, $5 38 00 

Individuals. 

Wm. Grossnickle, $1; Mandilla Re- 
try, $1; Jno. S. Hay, $10 12 00 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Eagle Creek, $30.25; Lick Creek, 
$23.85; Deshler, $10; Sugar Creek, 
$100.09; Swan Creek, $17; Green- 
Spring, $18: Silver Creek, $37.55; 
Lima, $13.45; Logan, $13.48; Swan 

Creek, $7.80; Black Swamp, $4 275 47 

Individuals. 

Mrs. A. Keith, $1; G. L. Snider, $5; 
R. T. Waggoner. $5; A. D. Coate, $5; 

Jacob H. Swank. $11.50, 27 50 

Indiana— $1,836.87. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Walnut, $24.50: Syracuse, $18.70; 
LaPorte, $1.70; Mr. and Mrs. Daniel 
Zumbrum, $2; Hawpatch, $5.22; West 
Goshen, $64.50; Tippecanoe, $10; Elk- 
hart Valley, $11; Shipshewana, $15.42; 
North Liberty, $13.50; Nappanee, 
$50.68; Osceola, $3.60; Pine Creek, 
$41; Goshen City, $25.38; Permelia, 
$2: Springfield, $20.60; Maple Grove, 
$20.87; Rock Run. $29.14: Cedar Lake, 
$13.61: Bremen, $7.50; Pleasant Val- 
ley, $42: Union Center, $46.65; South 
Bend, $25; Bethel, $.69.90; Elkhart 
City, $71.15: 2nd South Bend, $19; 
Union, $14.50; Cedar Creek, $33.39; 
Yellow River, $20.72; Turkey Creek, 
$27; Solomon's Creek, $47.10; Yellow 

Creek, $37.56 834 89 

Sunday School. 

Winona Primary S. S. Class 17 42 

Individuals. 

Aaron Martin, $1; Sister Egler, $4; 
"A Pocket Book," $2; Walter Swi- 

hart and family. $4.71 1171 

Middle District. Congregations. 

Lower Deer Creek, $11.12; Eel Riv- 
er, $1: Mexico. $2; Somerset. $12.10; 
Eel River, $18.86; Bachelor's Run, 
$57.71; Huntington, $26.50; Burnetts- 
ville, $18.10; Roann, $26.65; Sala- 
monie, $56; Spring Creek. $25.27; 
Pleasant Dale, $25.65; Monticello, 
$23.72: Landessville, $9; Clear Creek, 
$14.28; Wabash, $22.06; Pipe Creek, 
$30; North Manchester. $59.19: Cam- 
den, $25; Markle, $34; Mexico, $30, .. 528 21 
Individuals. 

Mrs. Lottie Hummel, $1.70; J. D. 
Butterbaugh, $2; Mary Markley, $1; 

Ann Eby, $1; Grace "Wright, $1, 6 70 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Fountain, $2; "West Lebanon, $3.25; 
New Hope Church, $1.10; Little "Wal- 
nut, $1.65; White, $2; Lick Creek, 
$7; Howard, $21.50 Arcadia, $22.50; 
Four Mile, $28: White, $20; Kill- 
buck, $8.25; Indianapolis. $20; Beech 
Grove, $12.41; Middle Fork, $24.70; 
Buck Creek, $19.52; Nettle Creek, 
$81.56; Pyrmont, $42; Fairview, $31; 
Mississinewa, $61; Lower Fall Creek, 

$4, 413 44 

Aid Society. 

Muncie Sisters', $5: Locust Grove, 

$5: White Branch, $8, 18 00 

Individuals. 

Ettie Orebaugh, $1; Molley M. Pef- 
fley, $1; John Himes, $1; John E. 



240 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



710 59 

20 57 



37 00 



Metzger, $1; W. I. and Ida Kintner, 

$2.50 $ 6 50 

Illinois — $1,099.52 

Northern District, Congregations. 

.Silver Creek, $1; Mt. Morris, 
$129.29; Mt. Carroll, $30.26; Milledge- 
ville, $27.60; Naperville, $36.71; Tel- 
low Creek, $32; Cherry Grove, $35.25; 
Polo, $28.04; Sterling, $25; Shannon, 
$40; Rock River, $34.50; Rockford, 
$7.46; Pine Creek, $100; Hickory 
Grove, $12; "West Branch, $13.50; 
Rock Creek, $19.28; Batavia, $18.10; 
Wacldams Grove, $20; Arnold's Grove, 

$10; Chicago, $90.60, 

Sunday School. 

Mt. Morris, 

Individuals. 

A Sister, Elgin, $20; Moy Wing, $2; 
Georgiana Hoke, $2; Moy Way, $5; 
Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Eikenberry, $8, 
Southern District, Congregations. 

Woodland, $16; Big Creek, $7; Blue 
Ridge, $10.65; Cerro Gordo, $62.75; 
Lamotte, $20; Astoria, $12.06; Wood- 
land, $5.76; Decatur Mission, $10.70; 
Coal Creek. $2.05; Oakley, $2.72; 
Pleasant Hill, $58.12; "West Otter . 
Creek, $16; Macoupin Creek, $3.30; 
Spring Run, $5; Liberty, $6; Hudson, 
$21.25; Panther Creek, $20; Okaw, 

$19, 298 36 

Individuals. 

Thomas B. Slaven, $1; Alma M. 
Crouse, $5; Brother Simpson, $2; Sis- 
ter Barbara Gish, $25, 33 00 

Iowa— -$1,215.75* 

Middle District. Congregations. 

Panther Creek, $57; Iowa Rivei*, 
$23.61; Prairie City, $165.64; Des 
Moines City, $11; Brooklyn, $83.14; 
Des Moines Valley. $63; Harland, $3; 
Coon River, $20; Cedar, $23.40; Oak 
Grove, $9; Dallas Center, $40.22; Gar- 
rison, $11; Indian Creek, $5.45; Mus- 
catine, $24 539 46 

Individuals. 

Samuel and Jane Badger. $15; S. 
Schlotman, $2; Mrs. A. E. Bonesteel, 

$2 ; Ella Royer, $5, 24 00 

Northern District, Congregations. 

South Waterloo, $218; Greene, 
$62.22; Kingsley, $59.01; Curlew, 
$30.70; Spring Creek, $21.37; Pleasant 
Prairie, $4.22; Grundy Co. Ivester, 

$65; Grundy Co., $4, 464 52 

Individuals. 

Sarah Brallier. $15; Mrs. Geo. 
Mills, $2; Mrs. Elias Long, $1; Mrs. 

H. E. "Walton, $5 23 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Franklin County. $14.60: Fairview, 
$13.70; South Keokuk. $33.02; Crooked 
Creek, $3.50; English River, North 
House, $6; English River, $42.95; 
Monroe Countv, $30; Liberty ville, 

$21, , 164 77 

Kansas — $872.45. 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Hutchinson Mission, $6.65; Garden 
City, $3.50; Santa Fe, $5.50; Prairie 
View, $14.26; Slate Creek. $25.40; 
McPherson, $40.70; Earned, $50; 
Larned City, $4.20; Kansas Center, 
$28.81; Salem, $13.50; Pleasant View, 

$20, 212 52 

Sunday School. 

Peabody 8 51 

Individuals. 

J. C. Cromer and wife 3 00 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Morrill, $79.75; Vermillion, $23; 
Washington Creek, $16.21; Sabetha, 
$26; Kansas City, $23.45; Overbrook, 
$30; Ottawa, $26; Appamoose, $34; 

Abilene, $104.85, 363 26 

Individuals. 

Eliz. Lichty, $1.25; Bro. and Sis- 
ter Weckman, $5 6 25 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 



Maple Grove, $9; Dorrance, $18.40; 
Sterling, $12; White Rock, $17; 
Belleville, $30.65; Victor, $52.50, ....$ 139 55 
Individual. 

Clara T. Brandt 2 00 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Chapman Creek, $40.55; Ozawkie, 
$8; Washington, $6; New Hope, 
$20.25; Grenola, $29.50; Scott Valley, 

$13; Mont Ida, $5; Olathe, $12.06, 134 36 

Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, $2; Susan 

Cochran, $1 3 00 

California — $524.83. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lordsburg, $15; Covina, $10; Pasa- 
dena, $16.54; Covina, $133.84; Ingle- 
wood, $32.86; San Dimas — Lords- 
burg, $7; Lordsburg, $83; Egan, $13; 
Glendora, $40.20; South Los Angeles, 

$20; Los Angeles, $23.56 394 00 

Individuals. 

Sarah Kuns, $15; S. Bock and wife, 
$10; A. A. Bark and wife, $5; Clar- , 
ence Voder, $2; Cal., A. M. Company 

on Train, $3.40, 35 40 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Raisin, $23.68; Oak Grove, $14; Sac- 
ramento Valley, $10.75; Chico, $12; 

Reedley, $20, 80 43 

Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, 15 00 

Missouri— -$420.49. 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Mineral Creek, $21.41; 1st Breth- 
ren Kansas City, $3.59; Walnut 
Creek, $3; Spring Branch, $7.15; 
Mound, $16.46: Mineral Creek, $45.06; 
Clear Fork, $5.65; Turkey Creek, $6; 
Prairie View, $4.50; Warrensburg, 

$12.85, 125 67 

Individual. 

Mrs. Kate Brauner, 2 00 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Shelby County, $6; Smith Fork, 
$28.25; Bethel, $32; Wakenda, $70; 
South St. Joseph, $5.55; Pleasant 
View, $6.45; Rockingham, $85.05, .. 
Sunday School, etc. 

South St. Joseph, $5.45; South St. 

Joseph Christian Workers, $5, 

Individuals. 

L. Rhodes and wife, $2; Emma 

Schildtknecht, $2, 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Carthage, 

Individuals. 

Two Sisters in Southern Mo., $10; 
Mrs. Thana Miller, $1; D. W. Teeter, 

$5; Sister Shellenberger, $1 17 00 

Maryland — $424.18. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Denton, $20.05; Woodberry. $8; 
Frederick Citv, $5.25; Beaverdam, 
$3.40; Fulton Ave., $8.50; Sams Creek, 
$14; Meadow Branch, $67.04; Pipe 

Creek, $72.50 198 74 

Sunday School. 

Blue Ridge, 10 72 

Individuals. 

Mt. Airy, $10; Howard Myers, $1, . . 11 00 

Middle District, Coneree-ations. 

Brownsville, $31.89; Beaver Creek, 
$13.38; Welsh Run, $25: Browns- 
ville, $50.42: Hagerstown. $35.06; 

Manor, $38; Beaverdam, $5.50 199 25 

Individual. 

Jno. A. Myers 1 4'< 

Western District, Congregation. 

Oakland 1 00 

Individuals. 

Aaron Fike. $1; C. C. Beachy, $1, . . 2 00 

Virginia— -$755.70. 
Second District, Congregations. 

Sangerville, $57; Barren Ridge, 
$27.50; Vallev Bethel, $4.70; Members 
of Cooks Creek, $2.25; Beaver Creek, 

$10; Bridgewater, $93.84 195 29 

Individuals. 

A Sister, $1; W. F. Walter, $2; A 
Family in Beaver Creek, $15 18 00 



33 


30 


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July 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



341 



First District, Congregations. 

Burks' Fork, $2.40; Antioch, $5.50; 
Botetourt, $170.56; Bethlehem, $7.50; 
Roanoke. $103.17; Red Oak Grove, 
$10.60; Peter's Creek, $33.40; Chris- 
tiansburg, $7.12; Germantown. $9.13, $ 349 38 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Harrisonburg, $20.15; Mill Creek, 
$65.56; Timberville, $13; Cook's Creek, 

$36.05 134 76 

Aid Society. 

Timberville, 18 00 

Individuals. 

Emma Hollar, $1; Mollie Goche- 
nour. $1; Wm. Hollar, $1; Miley Ot- 
to Zigler, $2, 5 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Fairfax, $30; Mine Run, $1.27 31 27 

Individuals. 

Dennis Weimer, $3; J. C. Cline, $1, 4 00 

Nebraska — $166.81. 
Congregations. 

North Beatrice. $5; Silver Lake, 
$S.S0; Beatrice, $8.35; Lincoln, $27.55; 
South Beatrice, $36'; Bethel, $42.72; 
Arcadia, $15.17; Kearney, $15.06; Alvo, 

$6.16 164 81 

Individuals. 

"Wm. and Ruth McGaffey, 2 00 

North Dakota, — $199.42. 
Congregations. 

Bowbells, $5; Williston. $19.65; 
James River, $8; North Prairie. $7.15; 
Carrington, $18.50; Egeland, $11.50; 
Hebron, $5: Matthew, $29.34; Rock 
Lake, $16.18; Turtle Mountain, $10; 
Snyder Lake, $12; Berthold, $43.10, 185 42 
Individuals. 

A Sister, $5; A Brother and Sis- 
ter, $1; David Kennedy, $5; C. S. and 
Emma "Van Dyke, $1; Rebecca E. 

Rupert, $2, 14 00 

Michigan— -$1 23 .80. 
Congregation. 

Thornapple, $30; New Haven, 
$19.50; Sunfield, $8; Saginaw, $2.50; 
Bronson, $10; "Woodland, $43.80; 

Crystal, $10, 123 80 

Colorado — $108.23. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Lowland, $2.75; St. Vrain, $15; 
Rocky Ford, $40; Denver, $8.25; First 
Grand Valley, $23.73; Fruita, $16.50, 106 23 
Individuals. 

J. J. and N. A. "Wassam, 2 00 

West Virginia — $107.65. 
First District, Congregations. 

Bean Settlement, $4.5.0; Crab Or- 
chard, $14.15; Beaver Run, $50; Beans 

Chapel, $3, 71 65 

Individuals. 

Calvin and Eliz. Rogers 25.00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Bethany, 11 00 

District of Columbia — $71.50. 
Congregation. 

"Washington 71 50 

Oreg-on — $67.75. 

Congregation 66 75 

Individual. 

Anna Royer, 1 00 

Minnesota — $77.40. 
Congregation. 

Hancock. $30.75; Lewistown, $20.50; 
"Winona. $8; "Worthington, $8; Wood- 
stock, $3; Morrill, $6.15, 76 40 

Individual. 

Mrs. Bernice Ashmore, 1 00 

Washing-ton— -$98.22. 
Congregations. 

Spokane, $6; "Wenatchee, $34.60; 
Sunnyside, $10.35; Tekoa, $10.50; 
North Yakima, $20; Tacoma, $9.77,.. 91 22 

Individuals. 

D. M. Glick, $1; A. M. and R. S. 

Dickey, $2; L. E. Fainter, $4, 7 00 

Tennessee — $53.56. 
Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill, $8.50; Limestone, 
$3.30; Pleasant "Valley, $11.10; French 
Broad, $1.31, 24 21 



Sunday School. 

Boones Creek, $16.60; Knob Creek, 

$11.75 $ 28 35 

Individual. 

J. F. Swiney 100 

Wisconsin — $48.33. 
Congregations. 

Worden, $7.83; Ash Ridge, $21; 
Maple Grove, $9.50; Chippewa Val- 
ley, $8 46 33 

Individuals. 

Mrs. and Mr. Jerry Yoder, ...... 2 00 

Oklahoma — $71.68. 
Congregation. 

Elk City, $5; Guthrie. $9.60; North 
Star, $3; Monitor, $16.50; Pleasant 

Home, $11; Big Creek, $13.13, 58 23 

Individuals. 

H. H. Ritter and wife, $3; J. S. 
Masterson and wife, $2; A Brother, 

$6; Bertha Ryan Shirk, $2.45, 13 45 

Iiaho — $139.78. 
Congregations. 

Boise City, $15.48; Clearwater, $6; 
Twin Falls, $85; Nampa, $13.30; Boise 

Valley, $19, 138 78 

Individual. 

Sadie Shank 1 00 

Louisiana — $47.80. 
Congregations. 

Jennings, $8; Roanoke, $34.80,.... 42 80 

Individual. 

S. A. Sutter • 5 00 

Montana — $9.32. 
Congregation. 

Medicine, 9 32 

South Dakota — $8.50. 
Congregation. 

"Willow Creek, 7 50 

Individual. 

I. S. Cripe, • 1 00 

New Mexico — $29.70. 
Congregation. 

Dexter, $7; Miami, $22.70, 29 70 

Alabama — $7.00. 
Individuals. 

E. J. Neher and wife, 7 00 

Texas — $5.50. 
Congregation, 

Saginaw, 5 50 

Arizona — $5.00. 
Individual. 

Peter Forney 5 00 

Canada— $17.00. 
Congregation. 

Mountain View, $10; Fairview, $2, 12 00 

Individuals. 

"W. H. Stutzman, wife and two 

daughters, 5 00 

"Wyoming- — $1 .00. 
Individual. 

' Mrs. Eva E. Colvin, 100 

Miscellaneous. 

Logan Congregation, $5; A. J. 
Hudson, $20; Two Fifties, $100; 
Greenwood Congregation, $10, .... 135 00 

Total, $13,090 78 

Loose in hat, 2,729 06 

Grand Total, $15,819 84 

INDIA MISSION FUND. 
Ohio — $9.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Julia Schwartz, $5; Mr. and Mrs. 

Young, $2, $ 7 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

T. C. Weaver and wife, 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $17.51. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Portland, 16 51 

Southern District, Individual. 

Receipt No. 12508, 1 00 

Miscellaneous. 

Children's Meeting at Winona 12 56 

Total $ 39 07 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 

Illinois — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 



242 



The Missionary Visitor 



July 
1910 



District of Columbia — $10.00. 

Individual. 

S. and L. Studebaker, $ 25 00 

Sara E. Garber 10 00 

Total, $ 35 00 

CHINA MISSION FUND. 

Canada — $3 1 .45. 

Congregation. 

Pairview : $ 31 45 

Iowa — $2.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Sister Messner, 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Receipt No. 12508 100 

Total S 34 45 

INDIA ORPHANAGE FUND. 
Indiana — $16.00. 

Middle District, Sundav School. 

Richard Collane's Class, $ 16 00 

Total $ 16 00 

Maryland— ^16.00. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Fulton Ave. Congregation, 16 00 

Total, $ 32 00 

INDIA NATIVE SCHOOL FUND. 

Collected at Sunday-school Meeting 
at Annual Meeting and turned over 

by Brother Levi Minnich, $ 183 01 

Pennsylvania— $15.00. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Miss Harriet Kipple, $5; W. S. 

Long, $5, $ 10 00 

"Western District, Individual. 

J. W. Galley 5 00 

Ohio — $10.50. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Mary R. Hoover, $5; Mrs. Louisa 

$5; Clara Woods, 50 cents 10 50 

Indiana— $10.00. 

Middle District Individuals. 

Jno. M. Neff, $5; Miss Clara Hock- 

er, $5, 10 00 

Iowa— $10.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Julia A. Sheller 5 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

S. L. Fouts 5 00 

Maryland— -$5.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

J. Calvin Walker, 5 00 

Total, $ 233 51 

INDIA MISSIONARY'S CHILDREN SCHOOL. 
Virginia — $5.00. 

First District, Individual. 

A Sister, Roanoke City Cong $ 5 00 

Total % 5 00 

The following amounts for funds not usually 
acknowledged through the Visitor were re- 
ceived in the Missionary offering at Annual 
Meeting. 

CHINA HILTON FUND. 

North Dakota — S96.08. 
Congregations. 

Surrey, $83.58; White Rock, $12.50, $ 96 08 

Total $ 96 08 

NATIVE WORKERS' FUND. 
Virginia, — $66.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Roanoke, $ 16 00 

Second District, Christian Workers. 

Cim'ora, 50 00 

Miscellaneous —$25.00. 
Individuals. 

J. E. Young and Family, 25 00 

Total $ 91 00 



The following is a summarized report of 
the Annual Meeting Offering: 

World-Wide Fund, $13,087 78 

India Mission, 39 07 

India Widows' Home 35 00 

China Mission 3445 

India Orphanage, 32 00 

China Hilton Fund .-. . 96 08 

India Native Workers, 91 00 

India Native Schools, 233 51 

India Miss. Children's School, .... 5 00 

$13,653 89 
Amount Loose in hat, 2,729 06 

Total A. M. Collection $16,382 95 

CHILDREN OF PORTUGUESE EAST 
AFRICA. 

(Continued from Page 233.) 

heathen parents, but the majority stay 
on and we pray will finally become our 
evangelists, teachers, and Christian par- 
ents. 

You perhaps cannot go to help, though 
you must long to do so as you see the 
need. It is hard for white people to live 
there, but you can live at home and if 
your work is prospered as God does do 
for those who promise Him a share, you 
can help as He prospers. As you give, so 
you receive, you know. If you open the 
door of your heart but a crack to give 
out, God can only get a small blessing 
back to you through that crack. Many 
can give prayers only and tears, but they 
shall be given stars that others, giving 
for earthly praise, think will be theirs. 
Dear friends, give God some of your 
time, that you may prevail with God for 
these millions of dark Africa still un- 
reached. These in Portuguese territory 
need your prayers that the schools may 
not be closed, as is now being feared be- 
cause the evangelists cannot teach Por- 
tuguese. 

Umzumbi Rail, Natal, S. Africa, April 
29, '10. 

A BIT OF CHINESE CUSTOM. 

(Continued from Page 223.) 

The Gospel will right this, ancf so far 
as can be seen it is the only thing that 
will make the parent give the right an- 
swer when the question is asked as to the 
number of children in the family. How 
can they have the Gospel unless it be 
given by those who have it ? 






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| Full Report 1 



OF THE 



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Vol. XII 



AUGUST, 1910 



No. 8 




THE CRY OF THE ANDES. 

From " Regions Beyond." 
" How shall they believe in Him of whom they have 
not heard? 
How shall they hear without a preacher? 
How shall they preach except they be sent?" 



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Contents for August, 1910 

EDITORIAL COMMENT,— 269 

WORLD-WIDE,— 243 

ESSAYS,— 

The Light Shineth, Montreal, Canada, By the Editor, 246 

" Our Opportunity," By Hazel Palmer, 249 

Work Among the Jews, By Ida Ward 251 

Why Does the Woman Weep? By J. M. Blough, 258 

Notes from Vali, By E. H. Eby, 259 

Our Need— Men, Strong Men, By A. W. Ross, 260 

A Bit of Chinese Custom, By F. H. Crumpacker, .262 

The Fields Are White Already to Harvest, By John Woodard, 263 

THE LITTLE MISSIONARY,— 

Our Eskimo Brother, By Dr. S. K. Hutton, 264 

FROM THE FIRING LINE,— 268 

FINANCIAL REPORT,— 272 



The Missionary Visitor 

MONTHLY PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE 
OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN THRU THE GENERAL MISSION BOARD. 
ELGIN, ILLINOIS. 



THE BOARD. REGTTLAR MEETINGS. 

H C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. The third Wednesday in, April, August 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Union Bridge, Md. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Ind. Address all communications to the 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. finvrimfw nvtrfttAT vnumn 

GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. BRETHREN GENERAL MISSION 

D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- BOARD, 

visory Member. Eljrin, Illinois. 



Subscription Terms 



Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru, any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration ' of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Batered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 



Volume XII 



August, 1910 



Number 8 



WORLD WIDE 



A French speaker at the Edinburgh 
Conference brought out the fact that the 
portion of Africa ruled by the French 
Government was the blackest of that en- 
tire continent. And what can we expect 
when a French leader not long ago 
boasted that Christianity would be 
driven from the whole land of France ? 

7777? 7^ 

The forty-fourth annual report of Dr. 
Barnardo's Homes shows that up to De- 
cember 31, 1909, 70,436 children have 
been dealt with. The total income of 
these homes for 1909 was about $1,300,- 
000, and the total amounts subscribed to 
the homes since Dr. Barnardo founded 
them, in 1866, amounts to over $21,000,- 
000. 

Spain seems to be having her troubles 
at the present time regarding her desire 
to grant liberty for worship to Protestant 
bodies. The Vatican objects, but the 
time seems ripe everywhere for liberty 
of conscience. 

i Two missionaries of the Presbyterian 
church on Savage Island, Rev. Horatio 
Hopkins and Rev. Hector Laurie Mac- 
Pherson, were taken and eaten by the 
cannibals on February 5. Thus two 

' more martyrs' names have been added to 
that long list of those who count it all joy 
to suffer and if need be die for the sake 

. of His Dear Name. 

^ «s 
Last year in the United Kingdom the 
expenditure for liquors was $25,000,000 
less than during the previous year. 



At a Christian convention of Indian 
men, held not long since, it was found 
that of the audience of 200, 100 were 
tithe givers. 

A Norwegian missionary in Madagas- 
car reports that in spite of the persecu- 
tion of the French Governor there are to- 
day 12,000 Christians on that island 
where there were fewer than 10,000 in 
1907. The French Government has 
closed the mission schools, but it is very 
hard to erase the love of God from the 
hearts of men. 

7///? r^ 

Not long ago a man spoke slurringly 
of missions, whereupon a Jew arose and 
said : " Some years ago I was sent by 
my bank to look at some land in Porto 
Rico. The village I visited was the 
nastiest, vilest little hell I ever saw. Two 
years ago I was sent to the same town. 
It was a beautiful little place, with neat 
houses and yards, clean streets, a pretty 
school for children, no vice or drunken- 
ness in evidence, good gardens and a 
church. What did it? A missionary had 
come there from the United States. I 
sought him out and gave him my check, 
because I had never seen so much civil- 
ization accomplished in so short a time." 
— Christian Republic. 

There are said to be 302,000 Indians 
under our flag outside of Alaska. Of 
these possibly about 60,000 are in Prot- 
estant churches. 



244 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



In Aintab, a city of Turkey recently 
visited by the Turkish massacres, there 
seems to be a growing spirit of unity 
among all classes. Subscriptions have 
been opened by Young Turks, Moslems, 
Christians and all, for the purpose of 
supplying food to the starving thousands. 

That infanticide is not a thing of the 
past in this region is proved by the fol- 
lowing incident : A young woman thirty 
years old had borne seven daughters in 
succession and had destroyed every one 
of them. She looked forward to the ad- 
vent of the new baby with joy, because a 
native proverb says that " seven stars ac- 
company the moon." But alas ! when the 
little one appeared it was again a girl ! 
Maddened with disappointment, she 
snatched up the baby and dashed it on 
the ground. The weight of the story is 
not so much in the fate of the last un- 
fortunate as in the fact that her seven 
sisters had been destroyed by their moth- 
er in the same way. Infanticide seems 
to be decidedly less usual within the last 
decade, and in this region is probably 
less frequent than in places further north, 
but it is by no means non-existent. — ■ 
North China Herald. 

The death of Dr. Henry H. Jessup, 
the grand old man of Syrian missions, 
marks the close of almost threescore 
years of service in that land. Much of 
the success of missions there is due to 
his untiring energy and willing service. 

" Grandmother " Wang, of wheelbar- 
row fame, widow of our first Methodist 
convert in Shantung Province, and for 
many years a Bible woman in North 
China Conference, died March 18, at the 
age of 86. Long ago her son, Wang 
Chen Pei, who was later killed during the 
Peking siege while helping to defend the 
legation as a captain of the spearmen, 
had wheeled his mother 400 miles, from 



Ankin to Peking, that she might learn to 
read the Bible for herself. Of late years 
her strength had been unequal to much 
travel among the villages, so oftentimes 
she sat in the gate of the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Compound at Taianfu, preaching 
Jesus to the passersby. As she herself 
wrote two years ago, " I do not know 
whether or not the Lord will still give me 
so much strength, but if I can do nothing 
else, here is the gate and many passers- 
by. I'll just sit in it and speak a word 
whenever I can." — World-Wide Mis- 



In Uganda, Central Africa, where not 
so long ago thrived so much wickedness, 
a Christian school was recently opened 
by the king himself, who is also a Chris- 
tian, u-m. 



The native Parliament of Ankole, in 
the Western Province of the Uganda 
country, has lately made a campaign on 
witch doctors and shows its earnestness 
by confiscating their charms and stock in 
trade. 



The gross number of delegates regis- 
tered at the seventy-five sweeping Con- 
ventions of the Laymen's Movement, 
held during the last few months, is 65,- 
000. These we are told were mostly 
young men of character and ability, and 
who desire the Gospel to come into the 
hearts of the people of the whole earth. 

The World's Sunday-school statistics, 
gathered for the last World's Sunday- 
school convention, held at Washington, 
D. C, show that there are 285,999 Sun- 
day schools in the world, having a total 
enrollment of 28,017,677 and an average 
enrollment per school of 98. If the 
whole population of the world were in 
Sunday school each school would- have 
an enrollment of 5,680. 

China is opening up marvelously. Her 
postal system now covers in its routes 






Augnst 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



245 



nearly 90,000 miles and has increased the 
number of its postoffices 25 per cent dur- 
ing the year. 

The Africa Inland Mission now re- 
joices in the permission it has received 
to enter the Belgian Congo with the 
blessed news of salvation. This permis- 
sion, previously withheld, was gained 
through the influence of ex-President 
Roosevelt during; his African visit. 



The Buddhists of Japan seem to be- 
lieve that the methods of Christianity may 
be utilized by themselves. The Rev. David 
S. Spencer, writing of Buddhist borrow- 
ing, says : " They have Buddhist Sun- 
day schools and picnics, a Buddhist 
Bible, with missionary journeys of Bud- 
dha. Young Men's Buddhist Associations, 
with summer schools, Buddhist preach- 
ing services, even to street preaching, a 
thing previously unheard of, and in many 
ways reveal their anxiety over present 
conditions. Not a few Buddhists are 
purchasing copies of Christian Scrip- 
tures and hymn books, and to Christian 
tunes are being adapted Buddhist 
hymns." 

A collection was recently taken in a 
native Korean church and the pastor 
thought there were too manv coppers in 
proportion to the amount of silver, and 
this is what he said : " Honorable breth- 
ren, this plate looks very dark. When our 
dear Lord died for us, our sins were 
very, very dark, but with His own pre- 
cious blood He washed us, and made us 
pure and clean ; and now, when, through 
His sacrifice, we are white, shall we not 
give Him white money, instead of only 
the darkest and poorest?" 

The Belgian Government has taken 
steps to abolish forced labor in the Con- 



go. This is but a stepping stone to 
greater reforms in that land. 



During 1909 the New York Society 
for the Suppression of Vice seized 185,- 
738 obscene pictures and photographs. 

The total contributions to the Home 
Mission Society of the Baptist Church 
for the year ending March 31, 1910, 
amounted to $379,375.89. This was an in- 
crease over the preceding vear of nearly 
$28,000. 



Associate Justice Brewer, of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, was 
the son of a missionary and was born in 
a foreign land. He was a fine type of the 
righteous judge and one who never out- 
grew the influence of the early mission- 
ary influence received. 

T. H. Yan, formerly Vice-minister of 
Affairs of Korea, and at present presi- 
dent of the Southern Methodist College 
at Sando, recently said : " The East and 
West are not and should not be contra- 
dictory but complementary. I came from 
a race whose watchword has been for the 
last twenty centuries : ' Backward, ho !' 
The watchword of your race has been, 
'Westward ho!' The East thinks that 
the past was the best ; that the present is 
bad enough, and that the future will be 
worse. Your sentiment is well expressed 
in the words of a Southern Methodist 
bishop : ' Good days are gone ; greater 
days are here, but the greatest days are 
yet to come.' In the East it is a young 
man's ambition to be old. In the West 
it is an old man's ambition to be young. 
We in the East think and act as if we 
had an eternity to contemplate in in- 
stead of a generation in which to live. 
You of the West dress, eat, rush and 
hustle to catch the last train as it leaves 
the depot." — Missionary Review. 



246 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



THE LIGHT SHINETH, MONT- 
REAL, CANADA 



By the Editor 




N 1535, when Jaques 
Cartier ascended the 
mount overlooking 
the present site of 
Montreal, he named 
the height Mount 
Royal. A view from 
that Mount will con- 
vince any one that it 
has heen well named. 
At its feet, and ex- 
tending along the banks of the St. Law- 
rence for seven miles as well as occupy- 
ing a large island in the river, lies the 
city of Montreal, with a population today 
of 350,000. One would hardly expect so 
soon after leaving the States to find him- 
self surrounded with distinct touches of 
" ye olden times," but in this city is seen 
the strange mingling of American and 
European, of English and French ideals. 
From a religious standpoint the city 
is unique. It is about seventy-five per 
cent Roman Catholic. The archbishop 
of Canada resides here in a palace hard 
by St. Peter's Cathedral. The latter is 
said to be an exact reproduction in one- 



Jesus said, " I 
am the Way, the 
Truth and the 
Light" and again 
" Te are the light 
of the world." 
There is much 
darkness in the 
world and in places 
the light is shin- 
ing in. It is the 
purpose of these 
articles to describe 
some of the " dark 
places " and what 
sffort is being made 
to take the light to 
them- And as 
such descriptive 
articles it is hoped 
these lines will 
commend them- 
selves to the read- 
ers of the Visitor. 
— -The Editor. 



fourth size of St. Peter's in Rome. It 
lacks, however, in the unmeasured rich- 
ness of the Roman one. Here may also 
be seen Notre Dame, said to be an exact 
counterpart of the famous Notre Dame 
of Paris. These are of unusual interest, 
and show how strongly Roman Catholi- 
cism has fastened itself upon the city. 

In 1867, when the provinces of what 
is now Canada were united under one 
dominion and direct government, it was 
agreed that separate taxes should be as- 
sessed for educational work, the Protes- 
tants for their own children and the Cath- 
olics for theirs. Of course the latter use 
the Bible in their schools, and it is 
worthy of the highest commendation 
that the Protestants decided to use the 
Bible as a textbook in their schools. It 
so remains to this day, and the graduate 
from the Montreal High School has 
passed examination on the study of the 
Bible the same as on other texts. This 
very condition has left an unmistakable 
mark on the life of the city. There can- 
not be found anywhere in Montreal that 
blank ignorance of God and His Word 




One of the Dormitories in the Metropole. 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



247 




Carloads of Women and Their Babies, Taken for an Outing 1 . 



that is found in cities of the States where 
whole sections are absolutely destitute of 
such instructions. 

About twelve years ago there were 
about 4.000 Jews in the city. The ques- 
tion being raised, the Protestants took 
them into their public schools. Today 
there are over 40,000 of them. While 
they are reputed a clean, pure people as a 
nation, the fact that these and other 
nationalities are moving rapidly into the 
city and crowding together as poverty 
drives immigrants is rapidly making a 
slum condition that hitherto has not pre- 
vailed. 

The provincial government and not 
the city grants license to sell liquors. Be- 
sides the saloons the grocery stores dis- 
pense intoxicants in " original pack- 
ages," and it is a common sight to see 
vegetables and liquor bottles lying side 
by side in the same show window. 

Montreal being the head of ocean nav- 
igation has many seamen along the 
wharves. From one cause or another, 
really thus far unaccounted for, or rather 
untraceable, an alarming number of 
corpses appear along the water front, 
clearly indicating foul play, but that is all 
that can be ascertained. 

In searching out to know what is be- 



ing done to rescue the perishing in this 
underworld, two leading lines of en- 
deavor, both very similar, were studied. 
The Salvation Army, whose special 
mission in the world seems to be to the 
lowest of the lowly in life, is well 
equipped to help. Their general admin- 
istration building was visited, but the 
Metropole hotel was of special interest. 
In charge of Major Taylor, a very pleas- 
ant man, we learned much of conditions 
and what was done to help and save. 
From their doors no one is turned away, 
the first night, no matter how wretched 
he may be. He is at once put on proba- 
tion and if he cleans up, sobers up and 
builds up in habits of life, every en- 
couragement is given him after this man- 
ner : Each floor of the hotel, five in 
number, indicates a grade of elevation 
in conduct and industry. In the base- 
ment are placed the drunken on good 
cots for the night. If they respond to 
the blessings which are theirs, in a short 
time, they can go up a floor, where the 
surroundings are more congenial. As 
they find work, save their money, show 
habits of frugality and industry, they 
are promoted still higher. The price is 
the same for lodging and boarding, the 
difference in surroundings not depending 



248 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



..■.■■■■■■.■;■..... 




Str»v" ;s« .- P; 




Old Brewery Mission, Montreal, Canada. 

upon the man's pocketbook but his con- 
duct. That certainly is a plan that will 
beget self-help if anything will. 

The Old Brewery Mission was visited. 
It is interdenominational, 
and is supported by the 
business men and church 
people of the city and ably 
superintended by Rev. W. 
G. Taylor and wife, who 
seem to know no other 
ideal than to help the man 
that is down and out. As 
one approaches the place 
he is at once struck with 
the front. In bold red let- 
ters are these words : 

Pardon, Peace, Power, 
Plenty. 

Nearer the door, " Jesus 
Saves," and " Hope for All 



Who Enter Here." What more gra- 
cious message could greet the eyes 
of a sick soul, or even one who knows 
not his condition? The doors are al- 
ways open and a glad hand offered to 
every one who enters^ Once inside and 
the eye is greeted with such mottoes in 
large letters as these. " Write to Moth- 
er." How that text touched my heart as 
I read it and thought of my own dear 
mother in Illinois, and surely no text 
would touch the wandering boy's heart 
more quickly. Close to it was " Be Sure 
Your Sin Will Find You Out," and over 
to one side, more likely to be seen as one 
leaves the hall, is another that should 
rivet itself on the mind of every Chris- 
tian. It is, " Saved to Save." 

In the soup kitchen such significant 
texts as Prov. 28: 13; Rev. 22: 17; Rom. 
10 : 13 ; Eph. 5 : 1 were printed in full 
so that as the stranger partook of his 
good, substantial food he might meditate 
on their sentiments. Sleeping arrange- 
ments are on very much the same plans 
as at the Metropole. 

At both places a good substantial meal 
is served, either on the lunch plan, by 
which one could get a very good lunch 
for five or ten cents, or a good three- 
course meal for fifteen cents. During the 
summer time when men are out at work 









HI !'.■■'*' ~ ™ 1 




Ip 5 ^T 
* ?** -~4i- i 



Old Brewery Mission. " Just After Soup Had Been Served." 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



249 



neither place is crowded. 
But when winter's stormy 
blast brings shivers to the 
frame, these havens of 
help and comfort must 
turn away the unfortunate 
in large numbers for want 
of ample facilities. On 
every hand care is taken 
to guard against en- 
couraging crime and yet 
avoid the harsh means 
that so many municipal 
plans have of recording 
and knowing all about a 
man's record and how he fell. The man 
who has made his first mistake and is 
penniless and out, still has manhood left 
and longs to get on his feet without the 
world knowing his plight. These institu- 
tions seek to respond to this sentiment in 
fullest measure. 

Space forbids recounting the many in- 
stances of rescue that is made, — of 
homes made happy by reinstating a 
drunken father who has reformed and is 
living a sober life again, — of returning 
a homeless boy to a broken hearted 
mother, and so on. 

A very interesting feature of the Old 
Brewery Mission should yet be men- 
tioned. Friends have bot a splendid 
camp, including a small lake some sixty 
miles from the city, and here in the sum- 
mer time hundreds, yes, train loads, of 
tired mothers and children are taken for 
a summer outing where bathing, wander- 
ing in the forest and outdoor life are en- 
joyed and the constitution built up to 




A Pew of the Thousand Who Get a Two Weeks' Outing 
Through the Mission. 



stand the strain of another winter. But 
this is more than an outing. Each night 
the Gospel is preached while in camp 
and many are they who find Jesus as 
their Savior. 

In no more fitting words can the story 
of the homeless man or boy be told than 
the following: 

On the street, on the street, 
To and fro with weary feet; — 

Aching feet and aching head; 

Homeless, lacking daily bread; 
Lost to friends, and joy, and name; 
Sold to sorrow, sin and shame; 

Wet with rain, and chilled by storm; 

Ruined, wretched, lone, forlorn; — 
Weak and wan, with weary feet, 
Still I wander on the street. 

On the street, on the street, 
Still I walk with weary feet; 

Lonely 'mid the city's din, 

Sunk in grief, and woe, and sin; 
Far from peace, and far from home; 
No one caring where I roam; 

No kind hand stretched forth to save; 

No bright hope beyond the grave; 
Feeble, faint, with weary feet, 
Still I wander, " on the street." 



u 



OUR OPPORTUNITY" 



Hazel Palmer 



Opportunity is power. What we ought 

to do we can do. When God opens a 

loor before a people, that is His com- 

land to them to enter, and His promise 



to back them to the extent of His re- 
sources. This law underlies leadership. 
History is full of the transfer of power 
from the theoretical leader to the actual 



250 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



leader. In the critical hour the multi- 
tudes stand back. Some man, able to see 
God and read events, steps forward into 
the opening, others catch the inspiration, 
gather about him, obeying his order and 
some good cause is advanced. 

The great doors of the world are not 
often swung wide open. God waited 
many centuries for a Luther or a Wes- 
ley. Moreover, the great doors do not 
stand open before a man or people long 
unused. They swing back again. A 
door opened in the house of Cornelius 
for Peter to become the great apostle to 
the Gentiles. But Peter feared and 
turned back, and God called another, 
Saul of Tarsus. 

It is a great thing to have a great 
world door opened before a man or peo- 
ple. France had a great day of oppor- 
tunity when Protestantism almost 
reached the throne. Saint Barthol- 
omew's massacre shut the door in her 
face. She staggered back through cen- 
turies of superstition and ignorance and 
cruelty to the Reign of Terror. Today 
France isbut a wornout, filthy tatter lying 
at the doorway of the twentieth century. 

God has opened the great doors of the 
world to the Church, and is calling her to 
enter and possess the kingdom. These 
doors open on every side. We can hard- 
ly go amiss. The only chance to miss 
everything is to stand still in our old 
tracks. 

In times past we prayed for God to 
open the heathen lands and He has ans- 
wered the prayer. Now it is time to pray 
for laborers, for the fields are white for 
the harvest. 

In personal decisions we naturally take 
the easiest, or that which offers the least 
resistance. But when something is thrust 
into the field of vision we conclude that 
we are to look at it and inspect it. So 
when God opens a country He wants His 
people to care for that country. The de- 
termining elements are need, accessibil- 
ity, and ability, — need and accessibility 



on the part of the people who are to be 
helped; ability on the part of those who 
are to help. With these points settled 
the call is clear. 

The Philippines invite us. It was but 
a few 3 r ears ago when it was a crime to 
read or own a Bible on these islands. 
Today the Bible is free there under a 
free flag. These people are crowding the 
mission stations, anxious to hear the 
Gospel. " Their need of the Gospel is 
down to the famine point." Never be- 
fore has the world furnished such a 
great harvest. The door is wide open, 
and God says, " Give ye them to eat." 

Vast as are these new fields, they are 
only a narrow fringe on the great un- 
washed heathenism now spread out be- 
fore the Church. In India and China 
more than half the human race are readv 
for evangelization. 

India is under a safe and stable gov- 
ernment. It is penetrated in all direc- 
tions by the modern modes of travel and 
communication. Through the control 
of the English she has been given a new 
spirit. This India, with her hundreds 
of millions, calls to us. Thousands and 
thousands are asking for the Bible. In 
one district where there is but one bish- 
op, fifty-five thousand souls have made 
requests for baptism, to whom the 
Church cannot respond because she can- 
not find the four dollars a month to feed 
a teacher to teach the Word of God. 
Talk about investments that will pay a 
hundred per cent ! Here is one of your 
opportunities. 

China is our great opportunity. Here 
are faiths old as the race, and characters 
worshiped by more people than ever re- 
peated any other name ever known on 
earth. The deep needs of China consti- 
tute her strongest claim. She has really 
become as " seared as with a hot iron." 
When man is contented in his depravity, 
then he has gone beyond the ordinary re- 
demptive powers. God must take His 
strongest powers and go after him and 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



251 



strike him hard. China has many signs 
of this extreme lostness, this seared 
numbness. Her conceit, vanity, and ig- 
norance shut out the truth and close the 
gates of progress. She is so perfectly 
contented that she desires nothing better. 
The depravity and lostness of China are 
far beyond any human conception. Un- 
aided by the Lord, no human faith and 
ability could handle such a problem. But 
God does not look for our righteousness, 
for He knows Ave are weak. He gives 
us the command and the promise, and 
what more is needed? "Go ye into all 
the world," and " Lo, I am with you al- 
wavs."' 



Oh ! do you not hear Him saying, 
"Arise, put on your strength; follow Me 
into the wide open fields. Do not let 
these doors of opportunity shut in your 
face. I will go with you, and bring you 
off more than conquerors. Bring ye all 
the tithes into the storehouse, that there 
may be meat in Mine house, and prove 
Me now if I will not open the windows 
of heaven and pour you out a blessing 
that there shall not be room enough to 
receive it. I will pour out My Spirit 
upon all flesh, and your sons and your 
daughters sha'il prophesy. And it shall 
come to pass that whosoever shall call 
on the name of the Lord shall be saved." 

Elkhart, Ind. 



WORK AMONG THE JEWS 

Ida Ward 



The Jews are today scattered over the 
whole world. American Jews are to be 
found in frozen Alaska, in Canada, 
United States, Mexico, and on down 
through South America to Cape Horn. 
They are in Eurasia, Africa, Austra- 
lia and in almost every inhabited island 
of the seas. Thus has been literally 
fulfilled the prophecy of Moses, "And 



Jehovah will scatter thee among all 
peoples from the. one end of the earth 
even unto the other end of the earth." 
(Deut. 28:64.) The Jews came to 
America with Columbus. In his crew 
were five Jews. One of these was 
brought as an interpreter, being pro- 
ficient in several languages. From this 
time on the Tews came to the new world 




Jewish Synag-ogtie. 



252 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 









IF • 


I! 


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1 /^ 




HW** ,< 


'Hi 

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. - _S: 



A Typical Jew. 



in proportionately large numbers, due 
to the persecutions in Europe. This was 
a time of great deportations. On the day 
before Columbus sailed from Spain three 
hundred thousand Jews embarked to find 
homes wherever they could. A like fate 
soon after came to the Portuguese Jews. 
It was from South America that most of 
the first Jewish settlers to the United 
States came. They entered New York 
in the time of Peter Stuyvesant, from 
whom they received a very cold recep- 
tion indeed. A number of Jews arrived 
in Georgia on the very day that land was 
allotted to the pioneer settlers. They 
were conspicuous among the early set- 
tlers of California. Today there are 
Jews in every State and Territory in the 
United States, not excepting the Philip- 
pine Islands. 

No less completely has been fulfilled 
that other prophecy of Moses, " And 
among these nations shalt thou find no 
ease, and there shall be no rest. for the 
sole of thy foot." (Deut, 28:65.) The 
history of the Jews is strange and varied. 
Deportations, such as the two cited 



above, were not uncommon. In different 
ages* and in varying degrees the Jews 
were robbed, murdered and subjected to 
all sorts of contumely. Laws are record- 
ed which declared that for a Christian to 
kill a Jew should not be considered a 
crime. In the United States laws have 
grown gradually more favorable, until 
now the Jew has equal rights in the eyes 
of the law. Not so in society. There the 
Jew is branded. Observe the Jewish 
school children of Chicago. At school 
they are taunted by pupils of other na- 
tionalities with "Sheeney! Sheeney!" 
So obnoxious is this epithet that Jewish 
children in anger apply it to their play- 
mates as the most hateful epithet to 
which their anger can give vent. The 
fact is known today that Jews who are 
persuaded that Jesus was the Messiah 
refuse to confess Him openly because of 
the attitude Christians have taken toward 
the Jewish race. They say, " We are al- 
ready ostracized from Christian society 
by race. If we openly confess Christ we 
shall then be ostracized by Jews. Who 
is left to receive us ?" 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



253 



Despite the usage accorded them the 
Jews are good citizens. This report 
comes from China on around the world, 
and is recognized in the United States. 
As a race they are bright and intellectual. 
All through the Middle Ages it was the 
learned Jew who kept alive the few 
noted schools of those dark times. A 
short time ago the students of one of our 
own noted Eastern colleges raised a 
clamor because Jews were carrying off 
so many honors. Standards were raised, 



of organizations through which they 
carry out their plans. Among the most 
noted are the Alliance Israelite Ver- 
sailles, with headquarters at Paris, and 
the Colonization Association, with head- 
quarters in London. The latter has as 
its chief aim the moving of oppressed 
Jews from unfavorable to more favor- 
able localities. Through its effort set- 
tlements have been made in Argentina, 
Canada, the United States, in Cyprus, 
and in Asia Minor. Agricultural and in- 




Jewisli Market. 



hoping to remedy the evil, and after that 
none but Jews could reach the mark. 
The police of Chicago say that they make 
few arrests in the Jewish section of the 
city, while statistics prove that a pro- 
portionately small per cent of Jews are 
found in our jails and penitentiaries. 
How long, this condition will last is 
doubtful, as the race are fast losing their 
religion and with it their morality. As 
is well known, where the Jew has a half 
chance he is a money maker. What is 
not so well known is that he is a philan- 
thropist. He gives liberally to civic re- 
form movements and to help the poor of 
his own race. The higher class Jews of 
the United States have endeavored to 
illow none of their brethren to be a bur- 
den upon the state. They have not al- 
ways reached their ideal, but have gone 
far in that direction. Thev have dozens 



dustrial schools are maintained, im- 
proved implements supplied, and much 
help has been given by loaning money at 
a very low rate of interest to the poor. 
The Alliance aims to aid by educating. 
They do this through publications 
and by opening schools. They have en- 
deavored to have favorable laws passed 
for their oppressed countrymen or to 
have odious laws repealed. These two 
societies have opened up and are main- 
taining a number of schools in Roumania 
since the public schools have been closed 
against all Jewish children. 

There are in the United States today 
nearly a million and a half of Jews. In 
only two other countries — Russia and 
Austria — are there more. At the present 
time Jerusalem contains twenty-nine 
thousand Jews. Chicago has eighty 
thousand (see note), nearly three times 



254 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 




The Children and Their Playground. 



as many as are in Jerusalem. New York 
has six hundred seventy-two thousand, 
over twenty-three times as many as there 
are in Jerusalem. If we wish to locate 
a mission today in the city where we find 
most Jews that city would be — not Jeru- 
salem but New York. 

The Jewish religion of the present is 
divided into three classes : Orthodox, 
Modern, and Conservative. Many of the 
orthodox Jews come from Russia, and 
while they are financially poor they have 
remarkably high standards of citizenship 
and morality. The modern Jews are rad- 
icals. They no longer expect a Messiah, 
but feel that the Jews are destined to 
keep alive the knowledge and worship of 
Jehovah until all the world shall worship 
Him. They believe the Scriptures are 
inspired, but having been given through 
human agencies may contain mistakes. 
They further believe in keeping a day of 
rest, and have selected Sunday as their 
rest day. Rabbi Hirsch, of Chicago, is 
one of the leaders of this branch of Juda- 
ism. The conservatives are between 
orthodox and modern. They expect the 
Messiah, believe in the inspiration of 
their Scriptures, observe the Sabbath, but 



hold that the forms of worship must be 
modernized and adapted to meet present 
conditions. The orthodox congrega- 
tions of the United States and Canada 
have united in an endeavor to maintain 
their faith against these modernizing ten- 
dencies, but circumstances seem entirely 
against them. Thousands of Jews, 
knowing how their brethren through the 
centuries have been waiting and suffer- 
ing in vain, have lost all hope in the com- 
ing of a Messiah. Weakened in this 
point of their faith they are fast becom- 
ing disbelievers of their Bible and of 
their God — skeptics. Having loosed from 
their old anchor they are being swiftly 
carried into gross immorality. Three 
things tend to hasten this condition : In 
our cities the poorer classes are crowded 
into close quarters. The children play 
unrestrained upon the streets. Soon they 
are sent into shop and factory. The par- 
ents, ignorant of conditions in " Chris- 
tian America," fail to exercise proper 
guardianship. Besides this the firms 
who do the employing work on Saturday 
and close on Sunday. Thus the children 
sacrifice conscience for wages, fail to at- 
tend religious services and are thus early 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



255 



set adrift. Add to this the natural beauty 
of the girls and you have a reason for 
there being more Jewish girls in the dens 
of vice scattered over our country than 
those of any other nationality. Recently 
several of our workers visited an ortho- 
dox synagogue in Chicago. The service 
was in German and all we could under- 
stand of the rabbi's discourse were these 
pathetic sentences : " Where are our 
children? Where are our boys and 
girls?" It was the Jewish Sabbath, but 
among a large congregation there were 
not a half dozen boys and girls of work- 
ing age and scarcely more than a dozen 
children in all. 

In the face of the Jewish rabbi's cry, 
"Where are our boys and girls?" the 
Christians of America are doing almost 
nothing to convert the Jews. Christ put 
forth nearly His entire effort among 
them and offered on the cross this pray- 
er : " Father, forgive them, for they 
know not what they do." The twelve 
apostles labored almost exclusively 
among the Jews and were successful, as 
the number of conversions on the day of 
Pentecost and later certainly proves. 
Stephen died saying, " Lay not this sin 
to their charge." Paul, the great mis- 



sionary to the Gentiles, did not forget 
them. He says emphatically : " I have 
great sorrow and unceasing pain in my 
heart. For I could wish that I myself 
were accursed from Christ for my breth- 
ren's sake, my kinsmen according to the 
flesh." (Rom. 9:2-5.) Again he says, 
" Brethren, my heart's desire and my 
supplication to God is for them, that 
they may be saved." (Rom. 10: 1.) 
Thus we see that his heartache led to 
prayer. In Acts we learn that Paul added 
to his heart's desire and his prayers, his 
active labor — his teaching and preaching. 

Following the apostolic era down 
through the Middle Ages Christians were 
active in trying to convert the Jews. 
Their effort was compulsory and harsh 
in the extreme, often baptizing them for- 
cibly or under penalty of death for resist- 
ance. This kind of missionary effort 
was in itself a disgrace to the meek and 
lowly Jesus, but add to that the tortures, 
mob-violence, extortions and banish- 
ments to which the Christians subjected 
the Jews and one must marvel at the 
goodness of God that did not cut off the 
wild olive branches. 

Paul says, " For as ye [we] in time 
past were disobedient to God, but now 




An Ice Cream Vender, 'with, the Traders. She Is Seated on the Curb and 
Has Her Sewing' in Her Lap. 



256 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



have obtained mercy by their disobe- 
dience, even so have these also now been 
disobedient, that by the mercy shown to 
you they also may now obtain mercy." 
Having accepted the mercy of God and 
the salvation of Jesus Christ what is the 
Gentile Christian world' of today doing 
for the Jew? What are you doing? 
Have you ever had any pain or sorrow 
of heart because the Jews are unsaved? 
Have you ever offered a prayer for 
Israel? Indeed, have you ever heard a 
prayer offered for them? Did even so 
much as one cent ever leave your purse 
that the Jews might be taught that Jesus 
Christ is their promised Messiah? Have 
you ever given one hour of your time for 
the teaching of Paul's brethren, the peo- 
ple " of whom is Christ as concerning the 
flesh," who "as touching the election are 
beloved for the Father's sake? For the 
gifts and calling of God are not repented 
of." The Jewish massacres in so-called 
Christian Russia are still fresh in our 
minds and fresher still in Jewish minds. 
The social persecution in America is 
more refined. It consists in a disparage- 
ment or severe letting alone of the Jew. 
So thoroughly is this fact recognized 
among American Jews that Rabbi Hirsch, 
leader of the most modern and Ameri- 
canized Jewish congregation, last fall 
publicly stated that Christians ought not 
to open missions and try to convert the 
Jew. He said if Jesus Christ and the 
apostles were to come to earth today the 
synagogues are the only houses of wor- 
ship in which they would be received. 
Christian churches would not welcome 
the Savior because he is a Jew. A Jew- 
ish lady in whose home we have had a 
class since last September, speaking of 
religion said : " I have no use for any 
religion. The Jews go to the synagogue 
and then lie and steal. The Christians 
hate the Jews and kill them. They say 
the Jews killed Christ. If they did can 
we help what the Jews did who lived two 
thousand years ago?" The same lady 



told of a friend who had seen killed his 
wife and six children. She said, " He 
can never get through talking about it." 
Little wonder the Jews are not converted 
with this kind of missionary effort. Right 
here is where our singular dress is a help. 
The Jew considers all Americans as 
Christians. Our singularity teaches that 
there is a difference among the supposed 
followers of Christ. It gives a new stand- 
ard by which to measure Christ's follow- 
ers — a life to which they may look for 
something better than is found in the 
ordinary American Christian. 

As has been said there are eighty thou- 
sand Jews in Chicago. There is in the 
city one Hebrew mission. It is located 
in the heart of a Jewish colony and has 
been active for twenty years. It works 
among the men by having preaching 
service five nights in the week and Bible 
classes the other two evenings. The 
superintendent says that they have no 
trouble whatever in getting an audience 
at these every-night meetings. Visitors, 
women who speak German, call in the 
Jewish homes, tell the women of Jesus 
and open up Bible classes where possible. 
They have a weekly mothers' meeting 
for these women, besides the Bible in- 
struction. Bible and industrial classes 
are open four days in the week for the 
children. There are in all twenty people 
working in connection with this mission. 
Besides this, Mr. Solon, a converted Jew, 
conducts a night school where English is 
taug'ht and the Bible introduced as oc- 
casion offers. Members of our own 
church have done most of the teaching 
there for the past two years. In addition 
to this, last fall classes were opened by 
the students in enough homes to reach 
twenty men and women. We hope that 
our Brethren will soon have a Jewish 
mission in Chicago. We need some one 
to' take up the work who is willing to stay 
by it — give their life as truly there as up- 
on the foreign field. Pray ye therefore 
the Lord of the harvest that He 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



257 



send forth laborers into the field. 
Can the Jew be saved ? The generally 
accepted opinion is that he cannot be 
reached. Mrs. Rounds, superintendent 
of Chicago's Hebrew mission, says, 
" There is no doubt about it. They can 
be reached." Paul says : " For there is 
no distinction between Jew and Greek ; 
for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is 
rich unto all that call upon him: Who- 
soever shall call upon the name of the 
Lord shall be saved. How then shall 
they call on him in whom they have not 
believed? and how shall they believe in 
him whom they have not heard ? and how 
shall they hear without a preacher? and 
how shall they preach except they be 
sent?" Will the church fail to send? Will 
the preacher and teacher fail to go? Paul 
goes on to say : " Did God cast off 
his people? God forbid. . . . God 
did not cast off his people whom he fore- 
knew. Or know ye not what the scrip- 
ture saith of Elijah? how he pleaded with 
God against Israel. . . . But what 
saith the answer of God unto him? I 
have left for myself seven thousand men 
who have not bowed the knee to Baal. 



Even so then at this present time also 
there is a remnant according to the elec- 
tion of grace." (Rom. 11: 1-5.) "And 
they also, if they continue not in their un- 
belief, shall be grafted in : for God is able 
to graft them in again. For if thou wast 
cut out of that which is by nature a wild 
olive tree ; how much more shall these, 
which are the natural branches, be graft- 
ed into their own olive tree?" (Rom. 
11:23-24.) 

Read now the 126th Psalm. It was after 
having heard testimonials of joy from 
converted Jews that we named the first 
four verses of this psalm, " A description 
of a Jewish convert," and the last two 
verses, "A Jewish missonary's reward." 
He that goeth forth shall doubtless come 
again with joy bringing his sheaves with 
him. 

Note. — The number of Jews in Chicago 
was taken from an old census. They are 
known to have been entering the city rap- 
idly since then. The workers at the He- 
brew Mission place the figures at 180,000 — 
more than doubling our figures. The new 
census will without doubt show greatly in- 
creased numbers. 

Bethany Bible School. 




Jewish Manual Training" School. 



258 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



WHY DOES THE WOMAN 

WEEP? 



J 



M. Blough 




AST evening I was in 
one of the fishermen 
villages, where we 
have a school, and 
while sitting in front 
of our Christian teach- 
er's house I heard a 
woman wailing in a 
house near by and I 
inquired, " Why is 
that woman crying?" 
And the answer came, " This morning 
a man from here went to- a neighboring 
village and on the way back right out 
here in the field he fell dead. No one 
was with him but he must have died sud- 
denly. He wasn't specially sick, hut had 
a disease of the throat which must 
have choked him. He was buried out 
here in the field in the afternoon." Was 
he this woman's husband ? " Well, no, 
and yes," and a smile, and this aroused 
my curiosity and now follows the story : 

In this house lived three brothers. 
This woman, who was crying, married 
the oldest one and lived with him ten 
years and then became dissatisfied. Her 
sister, who had been married and lived 
in another town, died, so she ran off and 
lived with her brother-in-law in her sis- 
ter's place. Her husband took the case 
to court and she had to return, but she 
refused to live with her husband, so to 
make peace they married her to the hus- 
band's brother next younger, as he had 
no wife either; so she lived again in the 
same house but with the second brother. 
This time she stayed only eight days and 
ran off asrain to her sister's husband, the 



widower. Being discouraged the hus- 
band appealed to the fishermen panch, 
i. e., arbitration committee of five, and 
upon the payment of Rs. 200 she was 
freed from her husband and married to 
her sister's husband. He of course paid 
this amount to get her. 

With this third man she lived eleven 
years and had one son. Then the man 
died and she with her son came back to 
the old town and lived with her mother. 
In the meantime her first husband, with 
whom she had lived ten years, died, but 
the two younger brothers were still living, 
but neither had a wife. Eight months 
after the return of the woman to the 
town the youngest brother comes for- 
ward and marries this woman, and be- 
hold ! for the third time she goes to live 
in the same house, but each time with a 
different brother. This last marriage 
happened five years ago. The second 
brother, with whom she lived but eight 
days, is the man who died yesterday so 
suddenly, and this was the cause of her 
weeping? Do you really think she was 
sorry or glad ? Of course it was now not 
her husband who died, but her husband's 
older brother, so she was expected to 
weep and she did, but I doubt that it was 
on account of love. 

This shows the low moral plane on 
which these people live and the little re- 
gard they have for the marriage relation. 
Surely they are in need of the Christian 
ideal set forth in the New Testament. 
Do you not think so? 

Bulsar, March g, ipio. 



Be careful for nothing, prayerful for everything, thankful for 
anything. — Selected. 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



259 



NOTES FROM VALI 

E. H. Ebv 




HE days of waiting 
for the arrival of Bro. 
and Sister Lichty are 
over and we are now 
enjoying their pres- 
ence and good cheer, 
for they have brought 
back with them the 
breath of hopefulness 
and courage, which is 
catching. 

Before their arrival the native people 
prepared to welcome their pastor and 
his wife by composing a song appropriate 
to the occasion. It was evening when we 
reached Va'li from the railway station, 
and all were hungry, so we sat down to a 
supper to which all did justice. Then at 
the call of the leader of the singers we 
went over into the church. There was a 
full attendance of the village people — 
the village head man and others not 
Christians, besides all our own people. 
The song of welcome was sung, we 
knelt to praise God for His mercies in 
bringing back to their people and their 
work those who had gone thru the 
thick of hard labor in starting a station 
at Vali, had gone home for a rest and 
now had returned for another term of 
service. We then listened to responses 
by both Bro. and Sister Lichty, in which 
they expressed their gratitude for having 
been permitted to return to their work. 
They assured us that all their renewed 
energy would be spent in the service of 
these people and of the Church. They 
were reminded and deeply impressed 
with the many contrasts between their 
first arrival at Vali, some seven years 
ago, and this, their second arrival. Then 
there was no house in which to live ; now 
the bungalow is ready. Then they were 



unacquainted with the people; now they 
know all and are known of all. Then 
they were only beginners in the use of 
the language; now they understand 
and can express their thoughts and 
wishes in the native language. Then all 
was new and strange, now all is familiar 
save the new faces which have come to 
Vali in their absence. 

Very touching, indeed, were some of 
the greetings exchanged between them 
and some of their former servants and 
friends. Not as an illustration of affec- 
tionate greeting, but of fidelity to trust 
I mention the instance of Ruplo, the old 
man into whose hands Bro. Lichty had 
entrusted the care of his cattle during 
his absence. His first words were : 
" Salam, Mamwa, the cows and buffaloes 
are all right." 

Surprises come to all of us in some 
form or other. One came to us a week 
ago in the form of a heavy rain, which 
continued with intermissions through 
three days. It caught everybody in a 
state of unpreparedness. Houses were 
without roofs, grass w r as not in shelter 
and a dozen and one other things re- 
mained undone when everything was 
drenched. Then people began to go to 
work in earnest to get ready for rain. 
We are now having a few days of drying 
weather and a time to get ready for mon- 
soons. 

On account of the failure of the house 
owner from whom we had rented a house 
in Nandod, to get it ready for us we are 
compelled to defer our moving to Nan- 
dod until after the rainy season. We 
may still be addressed at Umalla. 



260 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



OUR NEED-MEN, STRONG MEN 

A. W. Ross 




HILE touring in South 
India we found that 
in many cases the 
missions are not able 
to use in the work of 
forwarding the Gos- 
pel the most brilliant 
and best educated 
men. The salaries de- 
manded here are so 
high that it is only in ■ 
special cases, such as educational institu- 
tions of high standard, that they can be 
used at all. 

At one place we actually found the 
missionary president of a large mission 
college paying more to several of his 
teachers than he himself draws from the 
mission board for his own support. The 
difference is not on the basis of need, for 
the missionary has needs far more press- 
ing and extensive than the native man 
has. Xor is it a question of education 
and ability, for the missionary is his su- 
perior. Not on the basis of his greater 
usefulness to humanity, for there is every 
reason to believe that if he were given 
charge of the institution it would soon go 
to the wall. But it is a case of self-denial 
for the cause of Christ on the part of the 
missionary, and of money value on the 
part of the teacher. The latter says, 
" My talent is worth so much to the gov- 
ernment, so why is it not worth equally 
as much to the mission?" while the 
missionary counts himself not his own 
and is satisfied with a bare sustenance al- 
lowance. 

But it is a pity that those churches 
which wish to go self-supporting are not 
able to call the best men because of high 
salary demanded. But such is the con- 
dition and one that has to be met with an 
eye single to the glory of God. 



And the same is true often with the 
home churches. Some of our best-tal- 
ented and ablest young men are not in a 
position to give their best to the service 
of the Master. Many are pushing out in 
business lines almost to the forsaking of 
the great high calling of preaching the 
Gospel. 

Just stop and think for a moment ! The 
work of the Church and the spreading of 
the Gospel is the grandest and the great- 
est work on earth. 1 It is the work above 
all others that has the Divine stamp and 
seal on it. It is a work which demands 
the strongest and best men. It is the 
hardest work on earth ; a work which 
can be satisfied only with the best that is 
in man and man can give. It requires the 
greatest faith, the greatest talent, the 
greatest power of endurance, the great- 
est patience — in fact, the best that is in 
man. There is no power in man too great 
and dignified not to be used in the work 
of spreading the Gospel. Being the 
greatest and noblest work it demands 
the greatest and noblest men. 

It is a work which carries its heralds 
into the hardest and most remote places. 
It subjects them to the sneers and scoffs 
of the less religious or those filled with 
pride and self-righteousness. It subjects 
them to the trials of leaving " all " for 
the sake of the other fellow and in obedi- 
ence to our Lord's last command. It 
subjects them to the gravest disappoint- 
ments and calls for patience of even 
a stronger man than Job. It subjects 
them to temptations such as they never 
dreamed of. Ah. it is a work which 
needs the best that the Church can give. 

The best for business, the best for 
one's own benefit, the best for our own 
selfish desires and tastes, the best in order 
that millions may be hoarded, the best 



August 
1910 



The Missionary Visitor 



261 



for everything else in the world but our 
treasury in heaven is at once selfish, ridic- 
ulous, preposterous, full of vanity and 
wholly out of sympathy with the Divine 
idea of creation and God's will to me. 

Brethren, teachers, students and 
friends, the work of the Master of mas- 
ters is no humbug', neither is it a toy for 
us to play with. It has Divine sanction. 
God has set His seal with the blood of 
His own dear Son. The purchased price 
of redemption has been paid. God has 
done His part. It now lies with us to do 
our part. He has commanded us to 
" Come and follow Him." " Come," leav- 
ing- all our vices, all our sins and jeal- 
ousies, our petty fancies and selfish hob- 
bies, our desire for vain distinction, our 
craving for things comfortable and ease 
in Zion, a religion with all the thorns 
taken out, yes All to follow Him ; " Take 
my yoke upon you and learn of me." 
Yes " Take " — the humble, meek spirit of 
the Master, the first prerequisite for 
every other preparation for service — gen- 
tleness, meekness, forgiveness, unbound- 
ing love for others, willingness to serve 
others, even the very lowest; the grace 
to be downed, to be cowered, to be 
sneered at, scoffed at and scorned. The 
patience and self-control to keep cool 
when other ?re warm; unbounding faith. 
a faith that never wavers though there 
might not be a seven thousand even to 
cheer us up : and " Go " where He leads, 
where He bids, though it be to the re- 
motest corners of the earth or to the foul- 
est dens of vice and sin, to the distant 
jungles, where the fever rages and the 
tiger groans. " Go " where sinners are, 
though it be to the place of greatest 
trials. 

The need is great. As long as India's 
millions scorn our Christ the call must be 
answered. It must be answered with the 
best brains, the best thought, the best 
muscle and brawn that Christendom can 
give. Thousands of our bright young 
men and women are preparing them- 



selves for life's work. Forget not thy 
" Creator in the days of thy youth " nor 
the great call He is giving you to the 
greatest business in the world," — " your 
Father's business." 

Do you hear the call? We need some 
of you who have linguistic and literary 
talent to write books, and tracts, to edit 
newspapers, to fire the Indian youths 
with greater enthusiasm for things that 
are noble. Away with the thought that 
the people over here are all weaklings and 
good for nothing ! Away with our racial 
pride and self-centeredness ! Daily we 
meet with bright young men, strong in 
possibilities if rightly directed. Then we 
need men who are evangelists of the first 
order. It has been said that the conver- 
sion of India is the most stupendous task 
the Church has to grapple with. We need 
evangelists who can preach Christ with 
exceptional power; men who can reach 
men, their sympathies and their thoughts, 
their powers, their very souls " for 
Christ's sake " ; men who can not only 
meet every argument of the adversary 
but who can actually win him to the 
Lord. 

Then we need men who are industrially 
inclined. A great mass of uncultured 
jungle people are at our very door. They 
know nothing of progress and of reform. 
They must be taught both the things of 
the hand as well as the things of the heart 
and head. Their industrial position must 
be raised, but it will take strong men to 
do it. Then we need men who are gen- 
erals, men mighty in leadership, to guide 
the great work of the mission through the 
multitudes of superstitious ideas and evil 
practices. A native Church must not 
only' be won to Christ, but it must be 
trained in the things pertaining to right- 
eousness and be prepared to reach out 
into the regions beyond. 

Will you hear the call ? Young men 
and young women, heirs of the best that 
Christendom can give, are you going to 
turn vour attention to the selfish ends or 



262 



The Missionary Visitor 



August 
1910 



will you answer, " Hear am I, Lord, send 
me " ? I plead with you to take the matter 
to the Lord in humble prayer and be care- 
ful that you pray in real earnest about it, 
and be open to the leadings of the Lord. 
I am sure that if the Lord had His way 
about it many a young man now wrapped 
up in business would be out " about his 
Father's business." 

Just let the Lord have His way about 
it and there will not be any mistakes. We 
too often advise with the Lord and then 
go and do as we please, or may be do not 
ask the Lord to tell us what to do for fear 
He will send us off to some remote corner 
or to the tiger jungle, where fever rages 
and our life will be endangered. 



But trials and hardships should not 
daunt us. The true soldier pays little at- 
tention to such. If the Lord leads us in- 
to these places He is going to care for 
us, or in some way use us to His glory 
even though it may be through death. 
Open your heart to the Lord, tell Him all 
your selfish desires and ambitions and 
find out His will concerning them. 

Hear the call ! " Come " — leaving all ; 
" Take " — the humble, meek spirit of 
service ; " Go " — where He leads, where 
there is some one to be served, where 
there is some sinner to be saved, and you 
shall have " Lo, I am with you always, 
even unto the ends of the world." 

Vyara, Surat, India, Feb. 21. 



A BIT OF CHINESE CUSTOM 

F. H. Crumpacker 




HE Children of Israel 
were commanded by 
Moses to write certain 
things on